Read by QxMD icon Read

New Phytologist

Marnie L Campbell, Lara D Heppenstall, Rebecca Hendry, Ross Martin, Stine Sørensen, Ashley N Rubenstein, Chad L Hewitt
The influence of soil temperature on rhizome depths of four intertidal seagrass species was investigated in central Queensland, Australia. We postulated that certain intertidal seagrass species are soil temperature-sensitive and vertically stratify rhizome depths. Below-ground vertical stratification of intertidal seagrass rhizome depths was analysed based upon microclimate (soil temperature) and microhabitat (soil type). Soil temperature profiles exhibited heat transfer from surface layers to depth that varied by microhabitat, with vertical stratification of rhizome depths between species...
December 14, 2017: New Phytologist
Florence Jacob, Barbara Kracher, Akira Mine, Carolin Seyfferth, Servane Blanvillain-Baufumé, Jane E Parker, Kenichi Tsuda, Paul Schulze-Lefert, Takaki Maekawa
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-containing proteins (NLRs) initiate pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI), respectively, each associated with the activation of an overlapping set of defence genes. The regulatory mechanism behind this convergence of PTI- and ETI-mediated defence gene induction remains elusive. We generated transgenic Arabidopsis plants that enable conditional NLR activation without pathogen infection to dissect NLR- and PRR-mediated transcriptional signals...
December 11, 2017: New Phytologist
Nicholas W West, Edward M Golenberg
While unisexual flowers have evolved repeatedly throughout angiosperm families, the actual identification of sex-determining genes has been elusive, and their regulation within populations remains largely undefined. Here, we tested the mechanism of the feminization pathway in cultivated spinach (Spinacia oleracea), and investigated how this pathway may regulate alternative sexual development. We tested the effect of gibberellic acid (GA) on sex determination through exogenous applications of GA and inhibitors of GA synthesis and proteasome activity...
December 11, 2017: New Phytologist
Ross E McMurtrie, Torgny Näsholm
The classic model of nitrogen (N) flux into roots is as a Michaelis-Menten (MM) function of soil-N concentration at root surfaces. Furthermore, soil-N transport processes that determine soil-N concentration at root surfaces are seen as a bottleneck for plant nutrition. Yet, neither the MM relationship nor soil-N transport mechanisms are represented in current terrestrial biosphere models. Processes governing N supply to roots - diffusion, mass flow, N immobilization by soil microbes - are incorporated in a model of root-N uptake...
December 11, 2017: New Phytologist
Allison R Kolbe, Asaph B Cousins
Mesophyll conductance (gm ) describes the movement of CO2 from the intercellular air spaces below the stomata to the site of initial carboxylation in the mesophyll. In contrast with C3 -gm , little is currently known about the intraspecific variation in C4 -gm or its responsiveness to environmental stimuli. To address these questions, gm was measured on five maize (Zea mays) lines in response to CO2 , employing three different estimates of gm . Each of the methods indicated a significant response of gm to CO2 ...
December 8, 2017: New Phytologist
Franck Anicet Ditengou, Dulceneia Gomes, Hugues Nziengui, Philip Kochersperger, Hanna Lasok, Violante Medeiros, Ivan A Paponov, Szilvia Krisztina Nagy, Tímea Virág Nádai, Tamás Mészáros, Beáta Barnabás, Beata Izabela Ditengou, Katja Rapp, Linlin Qi, Xugang Li, Claude Becker, Chuanyou Li, Róbert Dóczi, Klaus Palme
Auxin gradients are sustained by series of influx and efflux carriers whose subcellular localization is sensitive to both exogenous and endogenous factors. Recently the localization of the Arabidopsis thaliana auxin efflux carrier PIN-FORMED (PIN) 6 was reported to be tissue-specific and regulated through unknown mechanisms. Here, we used genetic, molecular and pharmacological approaches to characterize the molecular mechanism(s) controlling the subcellular localization of PIN6. PIN6 localizes to endomembrane domains in tissues with low PIN6 expression levels such as roots, but localizes at the plasma membrane (PM) in tissues with increased PIN6 expression such as the inflorescence stem and nectary glands...
December 8, 2017: New Phytologist
Wuqiang Ma, Chengjie Chen, Yuanlong Liu, Ming Zeng, Blake C Meyers, Jianguo Li, Rui Xia
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and phased small interfering RNAs (phasiRNAs) play vital regulatory roles in plant growth and development. Little is known about these small RNAs in litchi (Litchi chinensis), an economically important fruit crop widely cultivated in Southeast Asia. We profiled the litchi small RNA population with various deep-sequencing techniques and in-depth bioinformatic analyses. The genome-wide identification of miRNAs, their target genes, and phasiRNA-generating (PHAS) genes/loci showed that the function of miR482/2118 has expanded, relative to its canonical function...
December 8, 2017: New Phytologist
Gioia Lenzoni, Junli Liu, Marc R Knight
Calcium plays a key role in determining the specificity of a vast array of signalling pathways in plants. Cellular calcium elevations with different characteristics (calcium signatures) carry information on the identity of the primary stimulus, ensuring appropriate downstream responses. However, the mechanism for decoding calcium signatures is unknown. To determine this, decoding of the salicylic acid (SA)-mediated plant immunity signalling network controlling gene expression was examined. A dynamic mathematical model of the SA-mediated plant immunity network was developed...
December 8, 2017: New Phytologist
Noemi Tocci, Mariam Gaid, Filip Kaftan, Asma K Belkheir, Ines Belhadj, Benye Liu, Aleš Svatoš, Robert Hänsch, Gabriella Pasqua, Ludger Beerhues
Xanthones are specialized metabolites with antimicrobial properties, which accumulate in roots of Hypericum perforatum. This medicinal plant provides widely taken remedies for depressive episodes and skin disorders. Owing to the array of pharmacological activities, xanthone derivatives attract attention for drug design. Little is known about the sites of biosynthesis and accumulation of xanthones in roots. Xanthone biosynthesis is localized at the transcript, protein, and product levels using in situ mRNA hybridization, indirect immunofluorescence detection, and high lateral and mass resolution mass spectrometry imaging (AP-SMALDI-FT-Orbitrap MSI), respectively...
December 6, 2017: New Phytologist
Wei-Yi Lin, Yen-Yu Lin, Su-Fen Chiang, Cueihuan Syu, Li-Ching Hsieh, Tzyy-Jen Chiou
Unlike most ancient microRNAs, which conservatively target homologous genes across species, microRNA827 (miR827) targets two different types of SPX (SYG1/PHO81/XPR1)-domain-containing genes, NITROGEN LIMITATION ADAPTATION (NLA) and PHOSPHATE TRANSPORTER 5 (PHT5), in Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa to regulate phosphate (Pi) transport and storage, respectively. However, how miR827 shifted its target preference and its evolutionary history are unknown. Based on target prediction analysis, we found that in most angiosperms, miR827 conservatively targets PHT5 homologs, but in Brassicaceae and Cleomaceae it preferentially targets NLA homologs, and we provide evidence for the transition of target preference during Brassicales evolution...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
Lucille T S Chrétien, Anja David, Eirini Daikou, Wilhelm Boland, Jonathan Gershenzon, David Giron, Marcel Dicke, Dani Lucas-Barbosa
In nature, herbivorous insects and plant pathogens are generally abundant when plants are flowering. Thus, plants face a diversity of attackers during their reproductive phase. Plant responses to one attacker can interfere with responses to a second attacker, and phytohormones that orchestrate plant reproduction are also involved in resistance to insect and pathogen attack. We quantified phytohormonal responses of flowering plants exposed to single or dual attack and studied resistance mechanisms of plants in the flowering stage...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
Lizhi Long, Daniel P Persson, Fengying Duan, Kirsten Jørgensen, Lixing Yuan, Jan K Schjoerring, Pai R Pedas
Transporters involved in manganese (Mn) uptake and intracellular Mn homeostasis in Arabidopsis and rice are well characterized, while much less is known for barley, which is particularly prone to Mn deficiency. In this study we have investigated the role of the iron-regulated transporter 1 (IRT1) for Mn uptake and translocation in barley plants. We employed an RNAi approach to reduce HvIRT1 expression to 5% of the wild-type level. This enabled characterization of the functional role of HvIRT1 by use of advanced imaging and phenotyping techniques applied to plants growing in hydroponics or soils with different Mn availability...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
Rubén Sancho, Carlos P Cantalapiedra, Diana López-Alvarez, Sean P Gordon, John P Vogel, Pilar Catalán, Bruno Contreras-Moreira
Few pan-genomic studies have been conducted in plants, and none of them have focused on the intraspecific diversity and evolution of their plastid genomes. We address this issue in Brachypodium distachyon and its close relatives B. stacei and B. hybridum, for which a large genomic data set has been compiled. We analyze inter- and intraspecific plastid comparative genomics and phylogenomic relationships within a family-wide framework. Major indel differences were detected between Brachypodium plastomes. Within B...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
Richard A Lankau, Daniel P Keymer
Plant populations are often adapted to their local conditions, but the specific selective forces creating this adaptation are often unclear. All plants interact with diverse microbial communities, but we know little about how these microbial communities as a whole shape the evolutionary trajectory of plant populations. We tested whether tree populations were adapted or maladapted to their local rhizosphere microbial communities by growing seedlings sourced from multiple locations with soil microbial communities from all locations in a fully reciprocal design, using seedling growth as a proxy for fitness...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
Kate Storer, Aisha Coggan, Phil Ineson, Angela Hodge
Nitrous oxide (N2 O) is a potent, globally important, greenhouse gas, predominantly released from agricultural soils during nitrogen (N) cycling. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) form a mutualistic symbiosis with two-thirds of land plants, providing phosphorus and/or N in exchange for carbon. As AMF acquire N, it was hypothesized that AMF hyphae may reduce N2 O production. AMF hyphae were either allowed (AMF) or prevented (nonAMF) access to a compartment containing an organic matter and soil patch in two independent microcosm experiments...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
Daijun Liu, Josep Peñuelas, Romà Ogaya, Marc Estiarte, Katja Tielbörger, Fabian Slowik, Xiaohong Yang, Mark C Bilton
Global warming and reduced precipitation may trigger large-scale species losses and vegetation shifts in ecosystems around the world. However, currently lacking are practical ways to quantify the sensitivity of species and community composition to these often-confounded climatic forces. Here we conducted long-term (16 yr) nocturnal-warming (+0.6°C) and reduced precipitation (-20% soil moisture) experiments in a Mediterranean shrubland. Climatic niche groups (CNGs) - species ranked or classified by similar temperature or precipitation distributions - informatively described community responses under experimental manipulations...
December 4, 2017: New Phytologist
Sambasivam Periyannan
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. References SUMMARY: Genetically encoded resistance is a major component of crop disease management. Historically, gene loci conferring resistance to pathogens have been identified through classical genetic methods. In recent years, accelerated gene cloning strategies have become available through advances in sequencing, gene capture and strategies for reducing genome complexity. Here, I describe these approaches with key emphasis on the isolation of resistance genes to the cereal crop diseases that are an ongoing threat to global food security...
December 4, 2017: New Phytologist
Yongqing Yang, Yan Guo
Contents Summary I. II. III. IV. V. References SUMMARY: Excess soluble salts in soil (saline soils) are harmful to most plants. Salt imposes osmotic, ionic, and secondary stresses on plants. Over the past two decades, many determinants of salt tolerance and their regulatory mechanisms have been identified and characterized using molecular genetics and genomics approaches. This review describes recent progress in deciphering the mechanisms controlling ion homeostasis, cell activity responses, and epigenetic regulation in plants under salt stress...
December 4, 2017: New Phytologist
Bjoern Oest Hansen, Etienne H Meyer, Camilla Ferrari, Neha Vaid, Sara Movahedi, Klaas Vandepoele, Zoran Nikoloski, Marek Mutwil
Recent advances in gene function prediction rely on ensemble approaches that integrate results from multiple inference methods to produce superior predictions. Yet, these developments remain largely unexplored in plants. We have explored and compared two methods to integrate 10 gene co-function networks for Arabidopsis thaliana and demonstrate how the integration of these networks produces more accurate gene function predictions for a larger fraction of genes with unknown function. These predictions were used to identify genes involved in mitochondrial complex I formation, and for five of them, we confirmed the predictions experimentally...
December 4, 2017: New Phytologist
Fangfang Huang, Richard Lankau, Shaolin Peng
Coevolution can promote long-term coexistence of two competing species if selection acts to reduce the fitness inequality between competitors and/or strengthen negative frequency dependence within each population. However, clear coevolution between plant competitors has been rarely documented. Plant invasions offer opportunities to capture the process of coevolution. Here we investigated how the developing relationship between an invasive forb, Alliaria petiolata, and a native competitor, Pilea pumila, may affect their long-term coexistence, by testing the competitive effects of populations of varying lengths of co-occurrence on each other across a chronosequence of invasion history...
December 4, 2017: New Phytologist
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"