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Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids

Shixin Zhou, Yijun Xia, Yinan Liu, Qihua He, Bo Song
Understanding the enrichment and intracellular trafficking of substances is centrally important to the biological systems. Here, employing an amphiphilic molecule (denoted by TPE-11) bearing tetraphenylethene moiety, known for aggregation induced emission property, we demonstrated its localization shifting in Hela cells after prolonged incubation. Through a set of delicately designed experiments, we found that one type of cytoskeleton, i.e. microtubule, is responsible for the intracellular transportation regardless of the sources of fluorogens, via endocytosis pathways or not...
May 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Kosuke Sugawa, Natsumi Tsunenari, Hideyuki Takeda, Saki Fujiwara, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Jotaro Honda, Shuto Igari, Kyo Tokuda, Naoto Takeshima, Yasuhiro Watanuki, Satoshi Tsukahara, Kouichi Takase, Tetsuo Umegaki, Yoshiyuki Kojima, Nobuyuki Nishimiya, Nobuko Fukuda, Yasuyuki Kusaka, Hirobumi Ushijima, Joe Otsuki
We describe efficient visible- and near-infrared (Vis/NIR) light-driven photocatalytic properties of hybrids of Cu2O and plasmonic Cu arrays. The Cu2O/Cu arrays were prepared simply by allowing to stand a Cu half-shell array in oxygen atmosphere for 3 h, which were prepared by depositing Cu on two-dimensional colloidal crystals with diameters of 543 or 224 nm. The localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) of the arrays were strongly excited at 866 and 626 nm, respectively at which the imaginary part of the dielectric function of Cu is small...
May 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Christopher McCallum, Sumita Pennathur, Dirk Gillespie
This work presents a systematic study of the lateral (parallel to the wall) and normal (perpendicular to the wall) nano-structure of the electric double layer at a heterogeneous interface between two regions of different surface charge, often found in nanoscale electrochemical devices. Specifically, classical Density Functional Theory (DFT) is used to probe a cation concentration range of 10 mM to 1 M, for valences of +1, +2, and +3, and a diameter range of 0.15 to 0.9 nm over widely varying surface charges (between ±0...
May 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Zehuan Wang, Feng Tang, Hailong Fan, Le Wang, Zhaoxia Jin
Polydopamine generally demonstrates as efficient free-radical scavenger. However, its free radical chemistry under illumination is unclear, which becomes important in view of growing studies of polydopamine applications in photoprotector and photothermal therapy. In this study, for the first time, we reported an experimental investigation of the generation of hydroxyl free-radicals from UV-illuminated polydopamine in aqueous environment. By using terephthalic acid as fluorescent probe, we have measured hydroxyl radicals generated from UV-illuminated polydopamine with different shapes and sizes...
May 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Edward W Elliott, Aurora L Ginzburg, Zachary C Kennedy, Zhenshuo Feng, James E Hutchison
Nanoparticles possessing functional groups that can be readily conjugated (e.g. through click chemistry) are important precursors for the preparation of customized nanohybrid products. Such nanoparticles, if they are stable against agglomeration, are easily dispersible and have well-defined surface chemistry and size. As click-ready reagents, they can be stored until their time of use and then simply dispersed and reacted with an appropriate substrate. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are excellent candidates for this purpose and some clickable gold nanoparticles have been developed; however, AuNPs for use in aqueous systems are often prepared through difficult multistep processes and/or can be poorly dispersible in water...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Katri S Kontturi, Karolina W Biegaj, Andreas Mautner, Robert T Woodward, Benjamin Paul Wilson, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Koon-Yang Lee, Jerry Y Y Heng, Alexander Bismarck, Eero Kontturi
Basic adsorption of hydrophobic polymers from aprotic solvents was introduced as a platform technology to modify exclusively the surfaces of cellulose nanopapers. Dynamic vapor sorption demonstrated that the water vapor uptake ability of the nanopapers remained unperturbed, despite strong repellency to liquid water caused by the adsorbed hy-drophobic polymer on the surface. This was enabled by the fact that the aprotic solvents used for adsorption did not swell the nanopaper unlike water that is generally applied as the adsorption medium in such systems...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Antonio Raudino, Domenica Raciti, Mario Corti
We investigate, both theoretically and by a differential interferometric technique, the behavior of large-wavelength capillary waves (of order of 10^-4 m) selectively excited at the surface of drops and bubbles with typical eigenfrequencies of order of 10^2 Hz. The resonance peaks of gas bubbles or hydrocarbon drops in water (radius less than 1 mm) highlight anomalously small dissipation in the region of ultra-low (sub-nanometric) oscillation amplitudes, reaching a plateau at higher amplitudes. This is in sharp contrast to the usual oscillating systems, where an anomalous behavior holds at large amplitudes alone...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Alberto Striolo, Brian Patrick Grady
Surfactant adsorption at solid-liquid interfaces is critical for a number of applications of vast industrial interest, and can also be used to seed surface-modification processes. Many of the surfaces of interest are nano-structured, as they might present surface roughness at the molecular scale, chemical heterogeneity, as well as a combination of both surface roughness and chemical heterogeneity. These effects provide 'lateral' confinement on the surfactant aggregates. It is of interest to quantify how much surfactant adsorbs on such nano-structured surfaces, and how the surfactant aggregates vary as the degree of lateral confinement changes...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ziyou Zhou, Gregory J Bedwell, Rui Li, Soubantika Palchoudhury, Peter E Prevelige, Arunava Gupta
Proteins are widely utilized as templates in biomimetic synthesis of gold nanocrystals. However, the role of proteins in mediating the pathways for gold nucleation and growth is not well understood, in part because of the lack of spatial resolution in probing the complicated biomimetic mineralization process. Self-assembled protein cages, with larger size and symmetry, can facilitate in the visualization of both biological and inorganic components. We have utilized bacteriophage P22 protein cages of ~ 60 nm diameter for investigating the nucleation and growth of gold nanocrystals...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Shrikrishnan Sankaran, Emanuela Cavatorta, Jurriaan Huskens, Pascal Jonkheijm
Cell adhesion is studied on multivalent knottins, displaying RGD ligands with high affinity for integrin receptors, that are assembled on CB[8]-methylviologen-modified surfaces. The multivalency in the knottins stems from the number of tryptophan amino acid moieties, between 0 and 4, that can form a heteroternary complex with cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]) and surface-tethered methylviologen (MV2+). The binding affinity of the knottins with CB[8] and MV2+ surfaces was evaluated using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Li Chen, Deborah Leman, Caitlin R Williams, Karson Brooks, Duncan C Krause, Jason Locklin
In this work, we report a convenient and versatile strategy for surface-grafted glycopolymer constructs with the goal of surface modification that controls the chemical presentation and grafting density of carbohydrate side chains. This approach employs a difunctional hydrazine linker, chemically modified to an active ester containing poly(pentafluorophenyl acrylate) grafted scaffold, to conjugate a variety of saccharides through the reducing end. The successive conjugation steps are carried out under mild conditions and yield high surface densities of sugars, as high as 4...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xavier Lepró, Paul Ehrmann, Joseph Menapace, Johann Lotscher, Swanee Shin, Richard Meissner, Salmaan Baxamusa
Although closely related to polystyrene, poly(divinylbenzene) (PDVB) has found limited utility due to the difficulties associated with its synthesis. As a highly cross-linked polymer, PDVB is infusible and insoluble and thus nearly impossible to shape into films by either melt or solvent-based processes. Here, we report the initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) of nearly stress-free, highly transparent, free-standing films of PDVB up to 25 μm thick. Films initially grow under tensile intrinsic stress but become more compressive with thickness and eventually converge to zero-stress values once they reach ≥10 μm in thickness...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Oscar I Bernal, Bhuvnesh Bharti, Michael C Flickinger, Orlin D Velev
We report how dielectrophoresis (DEP) can be used as a tool for the fabrication of biocomposite coatings of photoreactive cyanobacteria (Synechococcus PCC7002) on flexible polyester sheets (PEs). The PE substrates were precoated by a layer-by-layer assembled film of charged polyelectrolytes. In excellent agreement between experimental data and numerical simulations, the directed assembly process driven by external electric field results in the formation of 1D chains and 2D sheets by the cells. The preassembled cyanobacteria chains and arrays became deposited on the substrate and remained in place after the electric field was turned off due to the electrostatic attraction between the negatively charged cell surfaces and the positively charged polyelectrolyte-coated PE...
May 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Arghajit Pyne, Jagannath Kuchlyan, Chiranjit Maiti, Dibakar Dhara, Nilmoni Sarkar
In this article, we have reported the synthesis and physicochemical characterization of a novel L-glycine amino acid derived cholesterol based surface active ionic liquid (SAIL). This SAIL has been explored for the preparation of ionic liquid (IL)-in-oil microemulsions and vesicles. The formation of IL-in-oil microemulsion is characterized by construction of a ternary phase diagram, dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurement, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) study, fluorescence measurement using coumarin 480 (C-480) as a molecular probe and also by recording the diffusion behavior of the molecular probe rhodamine 6G (R6G) in microemulsion droplets through Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) technique...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Lea Fink, Jehuda Feitelson, Roy Noff, Tom Dvir, Carmen Tamburu, Uri Raviv
The interaction between multivalent ions and lipid membranes with saturated tails and dipolar (net neutral) headgroups can lead to adsorption of the ions onto the membrane. The ions charge the membranes and contribute to electrostatic repulsion between them, in a similar manner to membranes containing charged lipids. Using solution X-ray scattering and the osmotic stress method, we measured and modeled the pressure-distance curves between partially charged membranes containing mixtures of charged (DLPS) and dipolar (DLPC) lipids over a wide range of membrane charged densities...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Chia-Chen Li, Dzu-How Yu, Shinn-Jen Chang, Jia-Wei Chen
Robust poly(urea-formaldehyde) (PUF) microcapsules with composite shells comprising zirconia (ZrO2) nanopowder incorporated in PUF were fabricated via a novel and facile one-pot synthesis. ZrO2 nanopowder was chosen because it owns one of the highest mechanical strength among ceramics. The nanopowder was pre-dispersed in the core material to combine encapsulation and fortification into a single process. In the core, the well-dispersed nanopowder migrated to the interface, where PUF polymerization took place...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xing Zhu, Bin He, Changwen Zhao, Yuhong Ma, Wantai Yang
The use of the mixed catalytic system with several enzymes can provide multiple benefits in terms of the costs, simplification of a multi-steps reaction, and the effectiveness of the complex chemical reactions. Although study of different enzymes co-immobilization system has attracted increasing attention in recent years, separately immobilizing enzymes which can not coexist on one support is still one of the great challenges. In this paper, a simple and effective strategy was introduced to separately encapsulate incompatible trypsin and transglutaminase (TGase) into different poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) network layer grafted on low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film via visible light induced living photografting polymerization...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jingjing Gong, Ning Wu
Non-close packed colloidal arrays have many potential applications ranging from plasmonic sensors, light trapping for photovoltaics, to transparent electrodes. However, scalable fabrication of those structures remains a challenge. In this paper, we investigate the robustness of an electric-field assisted approach systematically. A monolayer of non-close packed crystalline array is first created under a low-frequency alternating-current electric field in solution. We then apply a sequence of direct current pulses to fix the particle array onto the substrate so that it remains intact even after both field removal and solvent evaporation...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yandong Han, Ziyang Lu, Zhaogang Teng, Jinglun Liang, Zilong Guo, Dayang Wang, Ming-Yong Han, Wensheng Yang
In this work, we investigated the kinetic balance between ammonia-catalyzed hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and subsequent condensation over the growth of silica particles in the Stöber method. Our results reveal that at the initial stage, the reaction is dictated by TEOS hydrolysis to form silanol monomers, which is denoted as Pathway I and responsible for nucleation and growth of small silica particles via condensation of neighboring silanol monomers and siloxane network clusters derived thereafter...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Dan Zhang, Thomas Thundat, Ravin Narain
Temperature-responsive copolymer with cationic charge was prepared with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and 2-aminoethyl methacrylamide hydrochloride (AEMA) by conventional free-radical polymerization. The flocculation performance of the copolymer, poly(AEMA-st-NIPAM), was compared to five different mixture ratios of polyNIPAM and cationic poly(acrylamide-st-diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (poly(AAm-st-DADMAC)). The effects of polymer mixture ratios, polymer dosages, and temperature on solid-liquid separation as a function of initial settling rates (ISR), supernatant turbidity, sediment solids content and water recovery were investigated...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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