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Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB

Wangting Cai, Yaling Yang, Weiwei Wang, Guangyan Guo, Wei Liu, Caili Bi
The basic leucine zipper (bZIP) proteins play important roles against abiotic stress in plants, including cold stress. However, most bZIPs involved in plant freezing tolerance are positive regulators. Only a few bZIPs function negatively in cold stress response. In this study, TabZIP6, a Group C bZIP transcription factor gene from common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), was cloned and characterized. The transcript of TabZIP6 was strongly induced by cold treatment (4 °C). TabZIP6 is a nuclear-localized protein with transcriptional activation activity...
January 11, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Zhaolai Guo, Yuanlin Liang, Jinping Yan, En Yang, Kunzhi Li, Huini Xu
Soil secondary salinization caused by excess nitrate addition is one of the major obstacles in greenhouse vegetable production. Excess nitrate inhibited the growth of tomato plants, while application of 100 μM H2S donor NaHS efficiently increased the plant height, fresh and dry weight of shoot and root, root length, endogenous H2S contents and L-cysteine desulfhydrases activities. NaHS altered the oxidative status of nitrate-stressed plants as inferred by changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and lipid peroxidation accompanied by regulation of the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX)...
January 11, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Wenjie Gao, Miao He, Jie Liu, Xin Ma, Yu Zhang, Silan Dai, Yunwei Zhou
This paper reports the first study on plant CBF transcription factors (TF) in salt and drought stress responses in Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium. A CBF homolog gene, named as ClCBF1, from C. lavandulifolium was isolated using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The deduced peptide is comprised of 210 amino acids (AA) containing an AP2 structural domain characteristic of the AP2 gene family. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that ClCBF1 gene exhibit differential expression patterns across root, leaf and stem tissues, and it was strongly induced under salt and drought treatments of C...
January 8, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Zhen-Ye Jiang, Yu Zhong, Jian Zheng, Maratab Ali, Guo-Dong Liu, Xiao-Lin Zheng
Kiwifruit (Actinidia eriantha Benth.) 'White', a novel cultivar with higher L-ascorbic acid (AsA) level, is registered in China. Changes in AsA, related metabolites, enzymatic activity, and gene expression associated with AsA biosynthesis and recycling process were investigated in this paper. The results indicated that AsA biosynthesis through L-galactose pathway supplemented by D-galacturonic acid pathway and AsA recycling collectively contributed to accumulating and remaining higher AsA level in kiwifruit cv...
January 6, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Satyendra Nath Sharma, Ankita Maheshwari, Chitra Sharma, Nidhi Shukla
We are proposing mechanisms to account for the loss of viability (seed deterioration/ageing) and enhancement in seed quality (post-storage priming treatment). In order to understand the regulatory mechanism of these traits, we conducted controlled deterioration (CD) test for up to 8 d using primed mung bean seeds and examined how CD effects the expression of many genes, regulating the seed metabolism in relation to CD and priming. Germination declined progressively with increased duration of CD, and the priming treatment completely/partially reversed the inhibition depending on the duration of CD...
January 5, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Xiaocui Ma, Chong Chen, Minmin Yang, Xinchun Dong, Wei Lv, Qingwei Meng
Chilling stress severely affects the growth, development and productivity of crops. Chloroplast, a photosynthesis site, is extremely sensitive to chilling stress. In this study, the functions of a gene encoding a cold-regulated protein (SlCOR413IM1) under chilling stress were investigated using sense and antisense transgenic tomatoes. Under chilling stress, SlCOR413IM1 expression was rapidly induced and the sense lines exhibited better growth state of seedlings and grown tomato plants. Overexpression of SlCOR413IM1 alleviated chilling-induced damage to the chloroplast membrane and structure, whereas suppression of SlCOR413IM1 aggravated the damage to chloroplast...
January 5, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Yashavanth L Vishweshwaraiah, Balaji Prakash, Lalitha R Gowda
The temporal expression of the field bean (Dolichos lablab) galactose specific lectin, DLL-II, during germination, post-germination and seed development was evaluated using Native-PAGE followed by activity staining, immunodetection and quantitative Real Time PCR (qPCR). A rapid and steep decline in the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and hemagglutinating activity during the initial stages of germination, which did not correlate with the slow decline in total protein was observed. During post germination period, PPO and hemagglutination activities were negligible, whereas a rapid resorption of the protein was evident...
January 4, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Krishnapriya Vengavasi, Renu Pandey
Low phosphorus (P) availability elicits efflux of organic substances viz. carboxylic acids, phenolics, proteins, amino acids, sugars and other low molecular weight compounds in many leguminous crops including soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). The potential for root exudation varies widely among soybean genotypes, as synthesis and secretion of root exudates place additional burden on the carbon demand of the plant. Hence, efficient photosynthetic machinery may attribute to the differential root exudation potential of soybean genotypes in response to low soil P availability...
January 4, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Mahmood Chahardoli, Arash Fazeli, Mehdi Ghabooli
LFchimera is a chimerical peptide containing Lactoferricin and Lactoferrampin antimicrobial peptides of bovine lactoferrin, and it has stronger bactericidal activity. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) like LFchimera have great potential as an alternative candidate for conventional antibiotics. Plant hairy roots provide suitable platform for fast, easy and cost-effective production of various recombinant proteins. The aim of this study was to express recombinant LFchimera in Nicotiana tabacum hairy roots and investigate its antimicrobial activity...
December 30, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Jiao Wang, Honglei Chen, Juan Gao, Jixun Guo, Xuesong Zhao, Yifa Zhou
To investigate the role that ginsenosides (and some of their metabolites) play in interactions between plants and phytopathogenic fungi (e.g. Cylindrocarpon destructans (Zinss) Scholten), we systematically determined the anti-fungal activities of six major ginsenosides (Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re and Rg1), along with the metabolites of ginsenoside Rb1 (Gypenoside XVII (G-XVII) and F2), against the ginseng root pathogen C. destructans (Zinss) Scholten and non-ginseng pathogens Fusarium graminearum Schw., Exserohilum turcicum (Pass...
December 29, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Gustavo Gabriel Martos, Alicia Mamaní, María Paula Filippone, Atilio Pedro Castagnaro, Juan Carlos Díaz Ricci
HeT (1-0-galloyl-2,3; 4,6-bis-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-β-D-glucopyranose) is a penta-esterified ellagitannin obtained from strawberry leaves. Previous studies have shown that foliar application of HeT prior to inoculation with a virulent pathogen increases the resistance toward Colletotrichum acutatum in strawberry plants and to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri in lemon plants. In this work we report that HeT induces an immediate leak of electrolytes, the hyperpolarization of the cellular membrane, a rapid Ca2+ influx to the cytoplasm during the first few seconds, which in turn modulates the accumulation of nitric oxide 5 min after treatment...
December 27, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Xiaolin Li, Wen Liu, Bing Li, Guoyin Liu, Yunxie Wei, Chaozu He, Haitao Shi
Gibberellin (GA) is an essential plant hormone in plant growth and development as well as various stress responses. DELLA proteins are important repressors of GA signal pathway. GA and DELLA have been extensively investigated in several model plants. However, the in vivo roles of GA and DELLA in cassava, one of the most important crops and energy crops in the tropical area, are unknown. In this study, systematic genome-wide analysis identified 4 MeDELLAs in cassava, as evidenced by the evolutionary tree, gene structures and motifs analyses...
December 26, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Yameng Gao, Huanlong Liu, Yujiao Wang, Fei Li, Yan Xiang
Plant homeodomain (PHD)-finger proteins are a class of important zinc-finger transcription factors responsible for regulating transcription and the chromatin state and responsive to various stresses. The family genes have been reported in many plants, but there is little information about PHD-finger genes in moso bamboo. In this study, 60 PHD-finger genes (PePHD1-60) were identified in moso bamboo and classified into 11 subfamilies (A-K) based on phylogenetic analysis. Gene structure and conserved motif analysis showed that these genes contained different numbers of introns but had similar motif organizations within each subfamily...
December 26, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Cheng Seng Tan, Maizom Hassan, Zeti Azura Mohamed Hussein, Ismanizan Ismail, Kok Lian Ho, Chyan Leong Ng, Zamri Zainal
Geraniol degradation pathway has long been elucidated in microorganisms through bioconversion studies, yet weakly characterised in plants; enzyme with specific nerol-oxidising activity has not been reported. A novel cDNA encodes nerol dehydrogenase (PmNeDH) was isolated from Persicaria minor. The recombinant PmNeDH (rPmNeDH) is a homodimeric enzyme that belongs to MDR (medium-chain dehydrogenases/reductases) superfamily that catalyses the first oxidative step of geraniol degradation pathway in citral biosynthesis...
December 26, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Qiufang Shen, Jiahua Yu, Liangbo Fu, Liyuan Wu, Fei Dai, Lixi Jiang, Dezhi Wu, Guoping Zhang
In our previous study, Tibetan wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum L.) has been found to be rich in the elite accessions with strong abiotic stress tolerance, including salt stress tolerance. However, the molecular mechanism of salt tolerance underlying the wild barley remains to be elucidated. In this study, two Tibetan wild barley accessions, XZ26 (salt-tolerant) and XZ169 (salt-sensitive), were used to investigate ionomic, metabolomic and proteomic responses in roots when exposed to 0, 200 (moderate) and 400 mM (high) salinity...
December 24, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
José M Alvarez, Natalia Bueno, Rafael A Cañas, Concepción Avila, Francisco M Cánovas, Ricardo J Ordás
WUSCHEL-RELATED HOMEOBOX (WOX) genes are key players controlling stem cells in plants and can be divided into three clades according to the time of their appearance during plant evolution. Our knowledge of stem cell function in vascular plants other than angiosperms is limited, they separated from gymnosperms ca 300 million years ago and their patterning during embryogenesis differs significantly. For this reason, we have used the model gymnosperm Pinus pinaster to identify WOX genes and perform a thorough analysis of their gene expression patterns...
December 21, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Ashish Marathe, Veda Krishnan, T Vinutha, Anil Dahuja, Monica Jolly, Archana Sachdev
Phytic acid (PA) is implicative in a spectrum of biochemical and physiological processes involved in plant stress response. Inositol 1,3,4, Tris phosphate 5/6 kinase (ITPK), a polyphosphate kinase that converts Inositol 1,3,4 trisphosphate to Inositol 1,3,4,5/6 tetra phosphate, averting the inositol phosphate pool towards PA biosynthesis, is a key regulator that exists in four different isoforms in soybean. In the present study, in-silico analysis of the promoter region of ITPKs was done and among the four isoforms, promoter region of GmITPK2 showed the presence of two MYB binding elements for drought inducibility and one for ABA response...
December 19, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Filipe C Pikart, Mauro A Marabesi, Paulo T Mioto, Ana Z Gonçalves, Alejandra Matiz, Frederico R R Alves, Helenice Mercier, Marcos P M Aidar
The Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) can be a transitory strategy for saving water during unfavourable conditions, like a dry season. In some cases, CAM can also contribute to the maintenance of photosynthetic integrity, even if carbon gain and growth are impaired. CAM occurs in different intensities, being stronger or weaker depending on the degree of nocturnal malic acid accumulation. For example, Guzmania monostachia is an epiphytic tank bromeliad that shows an increase in its nocturnal organic acid accumulation and a variable CAM behaviour when exposed to water deficit...
December 19, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Christoph L Käsbauer, Indira Priyadarshini Pathuri, Götz Hensel, Jochen Kumlehn, Ralph Hückelhoven, Reinhard K Proels
The plant primary energy metabolism is profoundly reorganized under biotic stress conditions and there is increasing evidence for a role of the fermentative pathway in biotic interactions. Previously we showed via transient gene silencing or overexpression a function of barley alcohol dehydrogenase 1 (HvADH-1) in the interaction of barley with the parasitic fungus Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei (Bgh). Here we extend our studies on stable transgenic barley events over- or under-expressing HvADH-1 to analyse ADH-1 functions at the level of whole plants...
December 18, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Ratan Singh, Dheeraj Rathore
Oxidative stress is complex physiological phenomenon that accompanies virtually in all stresses including either the deficiency or the surplus of micronutrients in the soil. In response to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, plants use a range of mechanisms to minimize the toxicity and protect cell membranes from damage. There are known reports indicating that effluents from the textile industry can serve as a micronutrient supplier under otherwise limited conditions. However, the addition of these effluents may cause toxicity to plants due to the presence of some non-essential heavy metals and persistent compounds if supplied in excess...
December 16, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
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