journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349820/an-experimental-test-of-alternative-population-augmentation-scenarios
#1
J A Kronenberger, J C Gerberich, S W Fitzpatrick, E D Broder, L M Angeloni, W C Funk
Human land use is fragmenting habitats worldwide and inhibiting dispersal among previously connected populations of organisms, often leading to inbreeding depression and reduced evolutionary potential in the face of rapid environmental change. One management practice used to combat this is the augmentation of isolated populations with immigrants as a means of demographic and genetic rescue. Augmentation with immigrants that are genetically and adaptively similar to the target population is highly effective at increasing population fitness, but if immigrants are very genetically or adaptively divergent, augmentation can lead to outbreeding depression...
January 19, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337378/resemblance-of-a-model-species-and-its-mimic-response-to-bury-and-cicho%C3%A5
#2
Janne K Valkonen, Johanna Mappes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333706/estimating-the-footprint-of-pollution-on-coral-reefs-with-models-of-species-turnover
#3
Christopher J Brown, Richard Hamilton
Ecological communities typically change along gradients of human impact, though it is difficult to estimate the footprint of impacts for diffuse threats like pollution. Here we develop a joint model of benthic habitats on lagoonal coral reefs and use it to infer change in benthic composition along a gradient of distance from logging operations. The model estimates both changes in abundances of benthic groups and their compositional turn-over, a type of beta-diversity. We detect compositional turnover across the gradient and use the model to predict the footprint of turbidity impacts from logging...
January 15, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297934/assessment-of-the-conservation-measures-partnership-s-effort-to-improve-conservation-outcomes-through-adaptive-management
#4
Kent H Redford, Kristin B Hulvey, Matthew Williamson, Mark W Schwartz
Conservation practice has demonstrated an increasing desire for accountability of actions, particularly with respect to effectiveness, efficiency, and impact to specified objectives. This has been accompanied by increased attention to achieving adaptive management. In 2003 practitioners representing several prominent conservation non-governmental organizations (NGO's) launched a community of practice called the Conservation Measures Partnership (CMP). This organization has worked to establish standards of conservation practice to improve accountability of conservation actions through adaptive management...
January 3, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270998/revealing-life-history-traits-by-contrasting-genetic-estimations-with-predictions-of-effective-population-size
#5
Gili Greenbaum, Sharon Renan, Alan R Templeton, Amos Bouskila, David Saltz, Daniel I Rubenstein, Shirli Bar-David
Effective population size, a central concept in conservation biology, is now routinely estimated from genetic surveys, and can also be theoretically-predicted from demographic, life-history and mating-system hypotheses. However, by evaluating the consistency of theoretical predictions with empirically-estimated effective size, insights can be gained regarding life-history characteristics, as well as the relative impact of different life-history traits on genetic drift. These insights can be used to design and inform management strategies aimed at increasing effective population size...
December 22, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266390/quantifying-progress-toward-a-conservation-assessment-for-all-plants
#6
Steven P Bachman, Eimear M Nic Lughadha, Malin C Rivers
The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) set an ambitious target to achieve a conservation assessment for all known plant species by 2020. We consolidated digitally available plant conservation assessments and reconciled their scientific names and assessment status to predefined standards to provide a quantitative measure of progress toward this target. The 241,919 plant conservation assessments generated represent 111,824 accepted land plant species (vascular plants and bryophytes, not algae). At least 73,081 and up to 90,321 species have been assessed at the global scale, representing 21-26% of known plant species...
December 21, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243328/why-conservation-scientists-should-re-embrace-their-ecocentric-roots
#7
John J Piccolo, Haydn Washington, Helen Kopnina, Bron Taylor
In this Diversity article we take a closer look at the explicit ecocentric roots of conservation biology, and we note that a growing number of conservationists have recently voiced support for ecocentric natural value. We argue that although ecosystem services arguments may play an important role in stemming our biodiversity crisis, a true transformation of our relationship with nature ought to be based in part on ecocentric valuation; conservation biologists ought to continue to play a role in leading such a transformation...
December 15, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243302/a-sideways-look-at-conservation-and-consistency-in-tourism-policy
#8
Amy Dickman, Craig Packer, Paul J Johnson, David W Macdonald
Consistency is widely believed to be a virtue. Some of the hottest fires of hell, according to Dante's Inferno, are reserved for those who transgress: the hypocrites. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 15, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218741/a-test-of-the-substitution-habitat-hypothesis-in-amphibians
#9
Alejandro Martínez-Abraín, Pedro Galán
Most examples that support the substitution-habitat hypothesis (human-made habitats act as substitutes of original habitat) deal with birds and mammals. We tested this hypothesis in 14 amphibians by using percentage occupancy as a proxy of habitat quality (i.e., higher occupancy percentages indicate higher quality). We classified water body types as original habitat (no or little human influence) depending on anatomical, behavioral, or physiological adaptations of each amphibian species. Ten species had relatively high probabilities (0...
December 8, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210104/threshold-responses-of-amazonian-stream-fishes-to-timing-and-extent-of-deforestation
#10
Gabriel L Brejão, David J Hoeinghaus, María Angélica Pérez-Mayorga, Silvio F B Ferraz, Lilian Casatti
Deforestation is a primary driver of biodiversity change through habitat loss and fragmentation. Stream biodiversity may not respond to deforestation in a simple linear relationship. Rather, threshold responses to extent and timing of deforestation may occur. Identification of critical deforestation thresholds is needed for effective conservation and management. We tested for threshold responses of fish species and functional groups to degree of watershed and riparian zone deforestation and time since impact in 75 streams in the western Brazilian Amazon...
December 6, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205490/national-conservation-science-conferences-as-a-means-of-bridging-conservation-science-and-practice
#11
Uri Roll, Takuya Iwamura, Oded Berger-Tal
Scientific meetings are instrumental in driving most scientific fields forward, but are especially important for multidisciplinary fields such as conservation science where the different participants come from a highly diverse array of fields and organizations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 5, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193292/a-multispecies-test-of-source-sink-indicators-to-prioritize-habitat-for-declining-populations
#12
Julie A Heinrichs, Joshua J Lawler, Nathan H Schumaker, Chad B Wilsey, Kira Newcomb, Cameron L Aldridge
For species at risk of decline or extinction in source-sink systems, sources are an obvious target for habitat protection actions. However, the way in which source habitats are identified and prioritized can reduce the effectiveness of conservation actions. Although sources and sinks are conceptually defined using both demographic and movement criteria, simplifications are often required in systems with limited data. To assess the conservation outcomes of alternative source metrics and resulting prioritizations, we simulated population dynamics and extinction risk for three endangered species...
November 29, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168227/alternatives-to-biodiversity-offsets-for-mitigating-the-effects-of-urbanization-on-stream-ecosystems
#13
Myles E Coker, Nick R Bond, Yung En Chee, Christopher J Walsh
Globally, offset schemes have emerged in many statutory frameworks relating to development activities, with the aim of balancing biodiversity conservation and development. While the theory and use of biodiversity offsets in terrestrial environments is broadly documented, little attention has been paid to offsets in stream ecosystems. Here we examine the application of offset schemes to stream ecosystems and explore whether they suffer similar shortcomings to those of offset schemes focused on terrestrial biodiversity...
November 23, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168224/dynamics-in-the-global-protected-area-estate-since-2004
#14
Edward Lewis, Brian MacSharry, Diego Juffe-Bignoli, Nyeema Harris, Georgina Burrows, Naomi Kingston, Neil D Burgess
Nations of the world have committed to a number of goals and targets to address the global environmental challenges humanity faces. Protected areas have for centuries been a key strategy in conservation and play a major role in addressing current challenges. The most important tool used to track progress on protected area commitments is the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Periodic assessments of the world's protected area estate show steady growth over the last two decades. However, the current method, which uses the latest version of the WDPA, does not show the true dynamic nature of protected areas over time, nor does it provide information on sites removed from the WDPA...
November 23, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139572/exposing-ecological-and-economic-costs-of-the-research-implementation-gap-and-compromises-in-decision-making
#15
Santtu Kareksela, Atte Moilanen, Olli Ristaniemi, Reima Välivaara, Janne S Kotiaho
The frequently discussed gap between conservation science and practice is manifest in the gap between spatial conservation prioritization plans and their implementation. We analyzed the research-implementation gap of 1 zoning case by comparing results of a spatial prioritization analysis aimed at avoiding ecological impact of peat mining in a regional zoning process with the final zoning plan. We examined the relatively complex planning process to determine the gaps among research, zoning, and decision making...
November 15, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124788/need-for-multiscale-planning-for-conservation-of-urban-bats
#16
Travis Gallo, Elizabeth W Lehrer, Mason Fidino, R Julia Kilgour, Patrick J Wolff, Seth Magle
For over a century there have been continual efforts to incorporate nature into urban planning. These efforts - known as urban reconciliation- aim to manage and create habitats that support biodiversity within cities. Given that species select habitat at different spatial scales, understanding the scale at which urban species respond to their environment is critical to the success of urban reconciliation efforts. We assessed species-habitat relationships for common bat species at local (50-m), medium (500-m), and broad (1-km) spatial scales in the Chicago metropolitan area and predicted bat activity across the greater Chicago region...
November 10, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114934/illegal-fishing-and-territorial-user-rights-in-chile
#17
Rodrigo Oyanedel, Andres Keim, Juan Carlos Castilla, Stefan Gelcich
Illegal fishing poses a major threat for the conservation of marine resources worldwide. However, there is still limited empirical research that quantifies illegal catch levels. This study uses the Randomized Response Technique to estimate the proportion of divers, and the quantities extracted of illegal "loco" (Concholepas concholepas), a gastropod managed for the past 17 years through a Territorial User Rights for Fisheries system (TURFs) in Chile. Results show that illegal fishing is widespread along the TURFs system, with official reported landings accounting for only 14- 30% of the total loco extraction...
November 7, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094402/black-swans-cognition-and-the-power-of-learning-from-failure
#18
Allison S Catalano, Kent Redford, Richard Margoluis, Andrew T Knight
Failure carries undeniable stigma and is difficult to confront for individuals, teams, and organizations. Disciplines such as commercial and military aviation, medicine, and business have long histories of grappling with it, beginning with the recognition that failure is inevitable in every human endeavor. While conservation may arguably be more complex, conservation professionals can draw upon the research and experience of these other disciplines to institutionalize activities and attitudes that foster learning from failures, whether they are minor setbacks or major disasters...
November 1, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086438/using-machine-learning-to-disentangle-homonyms-in-large-text-corpora
#19
Uri Roll, Ricardo A Correia, Oded Berger-Tal
Systematic reviews are an increasingly popular decision-making tool which provides an unbiased summary of evidence to support conservation action. These reviews bridge the gap between researchers and managers by presenting a comprehensive overview of all studies relating to a particular topic and identify specifically where and under which conditions an effect is present. However, several technical challenges can severely hinder the feasibility and applicability of systematic reviews. One such challenge is the presence of homonyms - terms that share spelling but differ in meaning...
October 31, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080297/a-role-for-selective-contraception-of-individuals-in-conservation-management-programs
#20
REVIEW
Holly R Cope, Carolyn J Hogg, Peter J White, Catherine A Herbert
Contraception has an established role to play in managing overabundant populations and preventing undesirable breeding in zoos. We propose that it can also be used strategically and selectively in conservation management programs to increase the genetic and behavioural quality of the animals. In captive breeding programs, it is becoming increasingly important to maximise the retention of genetic diversity by managing the reproductive contribution of each individual, and preventing genetically suboptimal breeding, through the use of selective contraception...
October 28, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
journal
journal
33876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"