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Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178894/qualitative-impact-evaluation-of-a-social-marketing-campaign-for-conservation
#1
Gabrielle Salazar, Morena Mills, Diogo Veríssimo
Social marketing campaigns use marketing techniques to influence human behavior for the greater social good. In conservation, social marketing campaigns have been used to influence behavior for the benefit of biodiversity as well as society. However, there are few evaluations of their effectiveness. We used General Elimination Methodology, a theory-driven qualitative evaluation method, to assess the long-term impacts of a social marketing campaign on human behavior and biodiversity. We evaluated a 1998 Rare Pride Campaign on the island of Bonaire, designed to increase the population of the lora (Amazona barbadensis), a threatened parrot species...
September 4, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168872/long-term-demographic-and-genetic-effects-of-releasing-captive-born-individuals-into-the-wild
#2
Janna R Willoughby, Mark R Christie
Due to continued habitat destruction and species extirpations, the need to use captive breeding for conservation purposes has been steadily increasing. However, the long-term demographic and genetic effects associated with releasing captive-born individuals with varied life histories into the wild remain largely unknown. To address this question, we developed forward-time, agent-based models for four species with long-running captive-breeding and release programs: coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), western toad (Anaxyrus boreas), and whooping crane (Grus americana)...
August 31, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168202/conservation-impacts-of-commercial-cultivation-of-endangered-and-overharvested-plants
#3
REVIEW
Hong Liu, Stephan W Gale, Mang Lung Cheuk, Gunter A Fischer
Over-exploitation is among the two greatest threats to species survival. Farming once solely wild harvested species is one strategy used to meet growing demand, given that the international community upholds the right of local communities to use biological resources to support their livelihoods. However, studies investigating whether or not farming can alleviate poaching pressure have focused almost exclusively on animals. To address the shortfall in plant-focused studies, we compiled information on commercial cultivation of threatened plants to assess its conservation benefits...
August 31, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156332/remembering-dr-ben-collen-an-exemplary-conservation-biologist
#4
Georgina M Mace, E J Milner-Gulland, Emily Nicholson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152576/trade-and-conservation-implications-of-new-beak-and-feather-disease-virus-detection-in-native-and-introduced-parrots
#5
Deborah J Fogell, Rowan O Martin, Nancy Bunbury, Becki Lawson, James Sells, Alison M McKeand, Vikash Tatayah, Cao Tien Trung, Jim J Groombridge
Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD), caused by Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV), has spread rapidly around the world, raising concerns for threatened species conservation and biosecurity associated with the global pet bird trade. The virus has been reported in several wild parrot populations, but data are lacking for many taxa and geographical areas with high parrot endemism. We aimed to advance understanding of BFDV distribution in many data-deficient areas and determine phylogenetic and biogeographic associations of the virus in 5 parrot species across Africa, the Indian Ocean islands, Asia, and Europe and focused specifically on the highly traded and invasive Psittacula krameri...
August 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152551/the-psychological-appeal-of-owning-private-land-for-conservation
#6
Jennifer Gooden, Richard Grenyer
Continued threats to global biodiversity have stimulated interest in the private purchase of land for conservation. Though not a new phenomenon, private land conservation appears to be on the rise, and its ambiguous position between philanthropy and financial investment leads to questions about the nature of landowner motives. Based on grounded theory analysis of interviews with the owners of privately conserved areas (PCAs), we find that individual landowners' involvement in private land conservation is driven, in part, by a desire for meaningful personal engagement in a project...
August 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152178/differentiating-between-regulation-and-hunting-as-conservation-interventions
#7
Adrian Treves, Kyle A Artelle, Paul C Paquet
Protecting biodiversity requires that we correctly identify major threats and effective interventions to abate them. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 27, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151963/frog-occupancy-of-polluted-wetlands-in-urban-landscapes
#8
Michael Sievers, Robin Hale, Stephen E Swearer, Kirsten M Parris
Global urban sprawl and the rising popularity of water-sensitive urban design (WSUD) has led to a surge in the number of wetlands constructed to collect and treat stormwater run-off in cities around the world. However, contaminants such as heavy metals and pesticides present in stormwater adversely affect the survival, growth and reproduction of animals inhabiting these wetlands. A key question is whether wildlife can identify and avoid highly-polluted wetlands. We investigated this question using pond-breeding frogs across 67 urban wetlands in Melbourne, Australia, to determine if frogs are attempting to breed in wetlands that affect the fitness of their offspring...
August 27, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132990/design-trade-offs-in-rights-based-management-of-small-scale-fisheries
#9
Daniel F Viana, Stefan Gelcich, Erendira Aceves-Bueno, Becky Twohey, Steven D Gaines
Small-scale fisheries collectively have a large ecological footprint and are key sources of food security, especially in developing countries. Many of the data-intensive approaches to fishery management are infeasible in these fisheries, but one strategy that has rapidly emerged to overcome these challenges is the establishment of Territorial User Rights for Fisheries (TURFs). TURFs establish exclusive fishing zones for groups of stakeholders, which eliminates the race to fish with other groups. A key design challenge however is setting the size of TURFs-too large and the number of stakeholders sharing them impedes collective action; too small and the movement of target fish species in and out of the TURFs effectively removes the community's exclusive access...
August 21, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125996/incorporating-basic-needs-to-reconcile-poverty-and-ecosystem-services
#10
Tomas Chaigneau, Sarah Coulthard, Katrina Brown, Tim M Daw, Björn Schulte-Herbrüggen
Conservation managers frequently face the challenge of protecting and sustaining biodiversity without producing detrimental outcomes for (often poor) human populations that depend upon ecosystem services for their wellbeing. However, win-win solutions are often elusive and can mask trade-offs and negative outcomes for the wellbeing of particular groups of people. To deal with such trade-offs, approaches are needed to identify both ecological as well as social thresholds to determine the acceptable 'solution space' for conservation...
August 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113727/biodiversity-loss-along-a-gradient-of-deforestation-in-amazonian-agricultural-landscapes
#11
Thibaud Decaëns, Marlúcia B Martins, Alexander Feijoo, Johan Oszwald, Sylvain Dolédec, Jérôme Mathieu, Xavier Arnaud de Sartre, Diego Bonilla, George G Brown, Yeimmy Andrea Cuellar Criollo, Florence Dubs, Ivaneide S Furtado, Valérie Gond, Erika Gordillo, Solen Le Clec'h, Raphaël Marichal, Danielle Mitja, Izildinha Miranda de Souza, Catarina Praxedes, Rodolphe Rougerie, Darío H Ruiz, Joel Tupac Otero, Catalina Sanabria, Alex Velasquez, Luz Elena M Zararte, Patrick Lavelle
Assessing how much management of agricultural landscapes, in addition to protected areas, can offset biodiversity erosion in the tropics is a central issue for conservation that still requires cross-taxonomic and landscape-scale studies. We measured the effects of Amazonia deforestation and subsequent land-use intensification in 6 agricultural areas (landscape scale), where we sampled plants and 4 animal groups (birds, earthworms, fruit flies, and moths). We assessed land-use intensification with a synthetic index based on landscape metrics (total area and relative percentages of land uses, edge density, mean patch density and diversity, and fractal structures at 5 dates from 1990 to 2007)...
August 16, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113109/the-value-of-protected-areas-to-avian-persistence-across-20-years-of-climate-and-land-use-change
#12
Michelle A Peach, Jonathan B Cohen, Jacqueline L Frair, Benjamin Zuckerberg, Patrick Sullivan, William F Porter, Corey Lang
Establishing protected areas, where human activities and land cover changes are restricted, is one of the most widely used strategies for biodiversity conservation. This practice is based on the assumption that protected areas buffer species from processes that drive extinction. However, the ability of protected areas to maintain biodiversity in the face of climate change and subsequent shifts in distributions has been questioned. Our goal was to evaluate the degree to which protected areas influenced colonization and extinction patterns for 97 avian species over 20 years in the northeastern United States...
August 16, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091174/identifying-important-species-that-amplify-or-mitigate-the-interactive-effects-of-human-impacts-to-marine-food-webs
#13
Gary P Griffith, Peter G Strutton, Jayson M Semmens, Elizabeth A Fulton
Some species may be more important in transferring the complex effects of multiple human stressors through marine food-webs. Here we show a novel approach to help inform conservation management in identifying such species. Simulating changes in biomass between species from the interaction effects of ocean warming and ocean acidification, and fisheries to year 2050 on the south-eastern Australian marine system, we constructed annual interaction effect networks (IEN's). Each IEN was composed of the species linked by either an additive (sum of the individual stressor response), synergistic (lower biomass compared with additive effects) or antagonistic (greater biomass compared with additive effects) response...
August 9, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079610/assessing-effects-of-non-native-crayfish-on-mosquito-survival
#14
Gary M Bucciarelli, Daniel Suh, Avery Davis, Dave Roberts, Debrah Sharpton, H Bradley Shaffer, Robert N Fisher, Lee B Kats
The introductions of non-native predators often reduce biodiversity and affect natural predator-prey relationships. However, non-native predators may increase the abundance of potential disease vectors (e.g. mosquitoes) indirectly through competition or predation cascades. The Santa Monica Mountains, situated in a global biodiversity hotspot, is an area of conservation concern due to climate change, urbanization, and the introduction of non-native species. We examined the effect that non-native crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) have on an existing native predator, dragonfly nymphs (Aeshna sp...
August 6, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070731/no-net-loss-for-people-and-biodiversity
#15
Victoria F Griffiths, Joseph W Bull, Julia Baker, E J Milner-Gulland
Governments, businesses, and lenders worldwide are adopting an objective of no net loss (NNL) of biodiversity that is often partly achieved through biodiversity offsetting within a hierarchy of mitigation actions. Offsets aim to balance residual losses of biodiversity caused by development in one location with commensurate gains at another. Although ecological challenges to achieve NNL are debated, the associated gains and losses for local stakeholders have received less attention. International best practice calls for offsets to make people no worse off than before implementation of the project, but there is a lack of clarity concerning how to achieve this with regard to people's use and nonuse values for biodiversity, especially given the inevitable trade-offs when compensating biodiversity losses with gains elsewhere...
August 2, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067881/reevaluating-sighting-models-and-moving-beyond-them-to-test-and-contextualize-the-extinction-of-the-thylacine
#16
Colin J Carlson, Alexander L Bond, Kevin R Burgio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067879/deficiencies-in-estimating-the-extinction-date-of-the-thylacine-with-mixed-certainty-data
#17
Barry W Brook, Stephen R Sleightholme, Cameron R Campbell, Jessie C Buettel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055022/hunting-for-common-ground-between-wildlife-governance-and-commons-scholarship
#18
REVIEW
Hillary Smith, Sergio Marrocoli, Alejandro Garcia Lozano, Xavier Basurto
Wildlife hunting is essential to livelihoods and food security in many parts of the world, yet present rates of extraction may threaten both ecological and human communities. As a result, governing sustainable wildlife use is a major social dilemma and conservation challenge. Commons scholarship is well-positioned to contribute theoretical insights and analytic tools to better understand the interface of social and ecological dimensions of wildlife governance, yet at present, the intersection of wildlife studies and commons scholarship is not well studied...
July 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055016/identifying-conservation-priorities-for-threatened-eastern-himalayan-mammals
#19
Sangay Dorji, Rajanathan Rajaratnam, Lorena Falconi, Stephen E Williams, Priyakant Sinha, Karl Vernes
To augment mammal conservation in the Eastern Himalayan region, we assessed the resident 255 terrestrial mammal species and identified the 50 most threatened species based on conservation status, endemism, range size, and evolutionary distinctiveness. By using the spatial analysis package letsR and the complementarity core-area method in the conservation planning software Zonation, we assessed the current efficacy of their protection and identified priority conservation areas by comparing protected areas (PAs), land cover, and global ecoregion 2017 maps at a 100 × 100 m spatial scale...
July 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054953/ethical-birding-call-playback-and-conservation
#20
David M Watson, Elizabeth Znidersic, Michael D Craig
Until recently, bird-watching essentials comprised two items-comfortable footwear and binoculars. While field guides increased accessibility and popularity of birding, smart-phones have revolutionized this pastime via birding applications to facilitate identification and to play recorded calls to attract unseen birds into view.
July 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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