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Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30653251/clarifying-compassionate-conservation-with-hypotheticals-response-to-wallach-et-al-2018
#1
Yasha Rohwer, Emma Marris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30653250/applying-habitat-and-population-density-models-to-land-cover-time-series-to-inform-iucn-red-list-assessments
#2
Luca Santini, Stuart H M Butchart, Carlo Rondinini, Ana Benítez-López, Jelle P Hilbers, Aafke Schipper, Mirza Cengic, Joseph A Tobias, Mark A J Huijbregts
The IUCN Red List categories and criteria are the most widely used framework for assessing the relative extinction risk of species. The criteria are based on quantitative thresholds relating to the size, trends and structure of species' distributions and populations. However, data on these parameters are sparse and uncertain for many species and unavailable for others, potentially leading to their misclassification, or classification as Data Deficient. Here we propose an approach combining data on land-cover change and species-specific habitat preferences, population abundance and dispersal distance to estimate key parameters (extent of occurrence, maximum area of occupancy, population size and trend, and degree of fragmentation) and hence IUCN Red List categories...
January 17, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30645009/priority-areas-for-conservation-of-old-world-vultures
#3
Andrea Santangeli, Marco Girardello, Evan Buechley, Andre Botha, Enrico Di Minin, Atte Moilanen
The prosperity and wellbeing of human societies relies on healthy ecosystems and the services they provide. However, the biodiversity crisis is undermining ecosystems services and functions. Vultures are among the most imperiled taxonomic groups on Earth, yet they have a fundamental ecosystem function. These obligate scavengers rapidly consume large amounts of carrion and human waste, a service that may aid in both disease prevention and control of mammalian scavengers, including feral dogs, which in turn threaten humans (e...
January 15, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30629767/science-denialism-and-compassionate-conservation-response-to-wallach-et-al-2018
#4
Don A Driscoll, Maggie J Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30624797/on-allegations-of-invasive-species-denialism
#5
David Munro, Jamie Steer, Wayne Linklater
Science denialism retards evidenced-based policy and practice and should be challenged. It has been a particular concern for mitigating global environmental issues, like anthropogenic climate change. But allegations of science denialism must also be well founded and evidential or they risk eroding public-trust in science and scientists. Recently, 67 scholars, scientists and science writers were accused of 'invasive species denialism' (ISD) - the rejection of well-supported facts about invasive species, particularly the global scientific consensus about their negative impacts...
January 9, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30623981/compliance-with-ivory-trade-regulations-in-the-united-kingdom-among-traders
#6
Lindsey Harris, Meredith Gore, Morena Mills
Global demand for elephant ivory is contributing to illegal poaching and significant decline of African elephant (Loxondonta africana) populations. To help mitigate decline, countries with legal domestic ivory markets were recommended by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to close domestic markets for commercial trade. However, implementing stricter regulations on wildlife trade does not necessarily mean compliance with rules will follow. Using an online questionnaire, we examined the relationship between compliance with ivory trade regulations among 115 ivory traders in the United Kingdom and four dimensions hypothesised to influence compliance with conservation regulations from the field of socio-psychology, theories of deterrence, behaviour and legitimacy...
January 9, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30615823/simultaneous-count-models-to-estimate-abundance-from-counts-of-unmarked-individuals-with-imperfect-detection
#7
Gerard Edward Ryan, Emily Nicholson, Jonathan C Eames, Thomas N E Gray, Robin Loveridge, Simon P Mahood, Phearun Sum, Michael A McCarthy
We developed a method to estimate population abundance from simultaneous counts of unmarked individuals over multiple sites. We considered that at each sampling occasion, individuals in a population could be detected at 1 of the survey sites or remain undetected and used either multinomial or binomial simultaneous-count models to estimate abundance, the latter being equivalent to an N-mixture model with one site. We tested model performance with simulations over a range of detection probabilities, population sizes, growth rates, number of years, sampling occasions, and sites...
January 7, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30614054/effects-of-human-demand-on-conservation-planning-for-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-services
#8
Keri Watson, Gillian Galford, Laura Sonter, Insu Koh, Taylor H Ricketts
Safeguarding ecosystem services and biodiversity is critical to achieving sustainable development. To date, ecosystem services quantification has focused on the biophysical supply of services with less emphasis on human beneficiaries ("demand"). Only when both occur do ecosystems benefit people, but demand may shift ecosystem service priorities towards human-dominated landscapes that support less biodiversity. Here, we quantify how accounting for demand impacts the efficiency of conservation in capturing both human benefits and biodiversity...
January 6, 2019: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30593718/planting-gardens-to-support-insect-pollinators
#9
REVIEW
Ania Majewska, Sonia Altizer
Global insect pollinator declines have prompted habitat restoration efforts, including pollinator-friendly gardening. Gardens can provide nectar and pollen for adult insects, and offer reproductive resources such as nesting sites and caterpillar host plants. Here we conduct a review and meta-analysis to examine how decisions made by gardeners on plant selection and garden maintenance influence pollinator survival, abundance, and diversity. We also discuss characteristics of surrounding landscapes and the impacts of pollinator natural enemies...
December 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30592091/audience-segmentation-to-improve-the-targeting-of-hunters-by-conservation-interventions-around-gola-forest-liberia
#10
Sorrel Jones, Aidan Keane, Freya St John, Juliet Vickery, Sarah Papworth
Audience segmentation could help improve effectiveness of conservation interventions. Marketers use audience segmentation to define the target audience of a campaign. The technique involves subdividing a general population into groups that share similar profiles, such as sociodemographic or behavioral characteristics. Interventions are then designed to target the group or groups of interest. We explored the potential of audience segmentation for use in defining conservation target groups with a case study of hunters in Liberia...
December 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30578637/understanding-and-bridging-the-conservation-genetics-gap-in-marine-conservation
#11
Annica Sandström, Carina Lundmark, Klas Andersson, Kerstin Johannesson, Linda Laikre
Article impact statement: Upgrading policy on, resources for, and knowledge and communication of genetic diversity closes the conservation-genetics gap. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 22, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30570177/climate-readiness-of-recovery-plans-for-threatened-australian-species
#12
Johanne Malin Hoeppner, Lesley Hughes
The rapidly changing climate is posing growing threats for all species, but particularly for those already considered threatened. We reviewed 100 recovery plans for Australian terrestrial threatened species (50 fauna and 50 flora plans) written from 1997 to 2017. We recorded the number of plans that acknowledged climate change as a threat and of these how many proposed specific actions to ameliorate the threat. We classified these actions along a continuum from passive or incremental to active or interventionist...
December 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30569477/sharing-conservation-burdens-fairly
#13
Chris Armstrong
We examined how, from the point of view of justice, the burdens of paying for conservation should be shared. I resisted simple answers to the question of who should pay for conservation that lean on a single moral principle. I identified 3 relevant principles that relate to who causes conservation challenges, who has greater capacity to carry burdens, and who stands to benefit from conservation. I argue for a distinctive pluralist framework for allocating conservation burdens that grants a proper role to all 3 principles...
December 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30569451/a-rule-of-thumb-for-widths-of-conservation-corridors
#14
Paul Beier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30561170/effects-of-anthropogenic-disturbance-on-primate-density-at-the-landscape-scale
#15
Nathalie Cavada, Simone Tenan, Claudia Barelli, Francesco Rovero
With biodiversity facing global unparalleled loss, accurate estimations of the abundance of threatened animal populations are required to assess status and vulnerability, and provide conservation recommendations. However, density estimation is usually difficult and resource demanding, hence studies are often performed at the scale of local sites or habitat patches. Yet, anthropogenic pressures most often impact at the landscape level, for example through habitat loss and fragmentation. Here, we applied hierarchical distance sampling (HDS) to transect count data to determine the effect of habitat and anthropogenic factors on the density of three arboreal primate species inhabiting five distinct tropical forests across a landscape of 19,000 km2 in the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania...
December 18, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549308/underaddressed-animal-welfare-issues-in-conservation
#16
Jordan O Hampton, Timothy H Hyndman
Much progress has been made improving animal welfare in conservation over the past two decades. However, several glaring knowledge gaps remain where animal welfare concerns exist but animal welfare studies have not been performed in politically sensitive contexts. We use examples from Australia to identify four such issues lacking meaningful analysis; the absence of animal welfare oversight for operations designated as "management" (as opposed to research), the lack of consideration for the animal welfare impacts of biological agents that are used to control invasive animals, the paucity of studies to examine the welfare of animals that are hunted recreationally, and the scarcity of studies to examine the animal welfare impacts associated with Indigenous wildlife use...
December 14, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548338/opportunities-for-better-use-of-collective-action-theory-in-research-and-governance-for-invasive-species-management
#17
REVIEW
Sonia Graham, Alexander L Metcalf, Nicholas Gill, Rebecca Niemiec, Carlo Moreno, Thomas Bach, Victoria Ikutegbe, Lars Hallstrom, Zhao Ma, Alice Lubeck
Controlling invasive species presents a public-good dilemma. Although environmental, social, and economic benefits of control accrue to society, costs are borne by only a few individuals and organizations. For decades, policy makers have used incentives and sanctions to encourage or coerce individual actors to contribute to the public good, with limited success. Diverse, subnational efforts to collectively manage invasive plants, insects, and animals provide effective alternatives to traditional command-and-control approaches...
December 11, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537084/need-to-address-gaps-in-global-fisheries-observation
#18
Leslie A Roberson, Jeremy J Kiszka, James E M Watson
Article impact statement: Urgent gaps in global fisheries monitoring can be addressed with more strategic use of government funds and regional assistance programs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 11, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30520153/the-dilemma-of-pest-suppression-in-the-conservation-of-endangered-species
#19
Peter H Adler, Jeb Barzen, Elmer Gray, Anne Lacy, Richard P Urbanek, Sarah J Converse
In the conservation of endangered species, active suppression of a population of one native species to benefit another native species poses challenges. Examples include predator control and nest parasite reduction. Less obvious is the control of blood-feeding arthropods. We present a case study on the effect of blood-feeding black flies (Simulium spp.) on reintroduced Whooping Cranes (Grus americana). Our intent is to provide a transferrable, science-driven approach for determining the effects of blood-feeding arthropods on endangered vertebrates, and demonstrate an approach for guiding management actions for managers faced with competing objectives...
December 5, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485533/conservation-needs-exposed-by-variability-in-common-pool-governance-principles
#20
T R McClanahan, C A Abunge
Common-pool governance principles are becoming increasingly important tools for natural resource management with communities and co-management arrangements. Principle's effectiveness will depend on variability in agreements, trust, and adherence to institutional norms. We evaluated heterogeneity in governance principles by asking 449 people in 30 fishing communities in four East African countries to rate their effectiveness. The influences of individuals, membership, leadership, community, and country were tested...
November 28, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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