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Journal of Plant Physiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527337/improved-stress-tolerance-and-productivity-in-transgenic-rice-plants-constitutively-expressing-the-oryza-sativa-glutathione-synthetase-osgs-under-paddy-field-conditions
#1
Seong-Im Park, Young-Saeng Kim, Jin-Ju Kim, Ji-Eun Mok, Yul-Ho Kim, Hyang-Mi Park, Il-Sup Kim, Ho-Sung Yoon
Reactive oxygen species, which increase under various environmental stresses, have deleterious effects on plants. An important antioxidant, glutathione, is used to detoxify reactive oxygen species in plant cells and is mainly produced by two enzymes: gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-ECS) and glutathione synthetase (GS). To evaluate the functional roles of the glutathione synthetase gene (OsGS) in rice, we generated four independent transgenic rice plants (TG1-TG4) that overexpressed OsGS under the control of the constitutively expressed OsCc1 promoter...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527975/the-reaumuria-trigyna-transcription-factor-rtwrky1-confers-tolerance-to-salt-stress-in-transgenic-arabidopsis
#2
Chao Du, Pingping Zhao, Huirong Zhang, Ningning Li, Linlin Zheng, Yingchun Wang
Reaumuria trigyna (R. trigyna) is an endangered small shrub endemic to the Eastern Alxa-Western Ordos area in Inner Mongolia, China. Based on R. trigyna transcriptome data, the Group I WRKY transcription factor gene RtWRKY1 was cloned from R. trigyna. The full-length RtWRKY1 gene was 2100bp, including a 1261-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 573 amino acids. RtWRKY1 was mainly expressed in the stem and was induced by salt, cold stress, and ABA treatment. Overexpression of RtWRKY1 in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced the chlorophyll content, root length, and fresh weight of the transgenic lines under salt stress...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527336/title-potassium-application-regulates-nitrogen-metabolism-and-osmotic-adjustment-in-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-l-functional-leaf-under-drought-stress
#3
Rizwan Zahoor, Wenqing Zhao, Muhammad Abid, Haoran Dong, Zhiguo Zhou
To evaluate the role of potassium (K) in maintaining nitrogen metabolism and osmotic adjustment development of cotton functional leaves to sustain growth under soil drought and rewatering conditions, the plants of two cotton cultivars Siza 3 (low-K sensitive) and Simian 3 (low-K tolerant), were grown under three different K rates (K0, K1, and K2; 0, 150, and 300kgK2Oha(-1), respectively) and exposed to drought stress with 40±5% soil relative water content (SRWC). The drought stress was applied at flowering stage by withholding water for eight days followed by rewatering to a well-watered level (75±5% SRWC)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527334/photo-protective-mechanisms-in-reed-canary-grass-to-alleviate-photo-inhibition-of-psii-on-the-qinghai-tibet-plateau
#4
Chao Zhang, Da-Wei Zhang, Yan-Ni Sun, Muhammad Arfan, Da-Xu Li, Jia-Jun Yan, Ming-Hong You, Shi-Qie Bai, Hong-Hui Lin
Due to its characteristic of high biomass yield potential, there is considerable interest in cultivating Phalaris arundinacea L. cv. 'chuancaoyin No.3' (reed canary grass) on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau where there is an abundance of alpine steppe meadow and a potential large market for animal husbandry. In this study, we 1) investigate whether reed canary grass exhibits superior productive capacity to Elymus nutans 'Aba' (E. nutans), ordinary common pasture, during the long warm days of summer at high-altitude; and 2) compare the cold tolerance between reed canary grass and E...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527333/transcriptome-wide-analysis-of-jasmonate-treated-by-2-cells-reveals-new-transcriptional-regulators-associated-with-alkaloid-formation-in-tobacco
#5
Yuping Yang, Pengcheng Yan, Che Yi, Wenzheng Li, Yuhui Chai, Lingling Fei, Ping Gao, Heping Zhao, Yingdian Wang, Michael P Timko, Bingwu Wang, Shengcheng Han
Jasmonates (JAs) are well-known regulators of stress, defence, and secondary metabolism in plants, with JA perception triggering extensive transcriptional reprogramming, including both activation and/or repression of entire metabolic pathways. We performed RNA sequencing based transcriptomic profiling of tobacco BY-2 cells before and after treatment with methyl jasmonate (MeJA) to identify novel transcriptional regulators associated with alkaloid formation. A total of 107,140 unigenes were obtained through de novo assembly, and at least 33,213 transcripts (31%) encode proteins, in which 3419 transcription factors (TFs) were identified, representing 72 gene families, as well as 840 transcriptional regulators (TRs) distributed among 19 gene families...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521208/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-two-%C3%AE-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein-synthase-i-genes-from-jatropha-curcas-l
#6
Wangdan Xiong, Qian Wei, Pingzhi Wu, Sheng Zhang, Jun Li, Yaping Chen, Meiru Li, Huawu Jiang, Guojiang Wu
The β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I (KASI) is involved in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis in many organisms. Two putative KASI genes, JcKASI-1 and JcKASI-2, were isolated from Jatropha curcas. The deduced amino acid sequences of JcKASI-1 and JcKASI-2 exhibit around 83.8% and 72.5% sequence identities with AtKASI, respectively, and both contain conserved Cys-His-Lys-His-Phe catalytic active sites. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that JcKASI-2 belongs to a clade with several KASI proteins from dicotyledonous plants...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527335/dissection-of-cis-regulatory-element-architecture-of-the-rice-oleosin-gene-promoters-to-assess-abscisic-acid-responsiveness-in-suspension-cultured-rice-cells
#7
Sol Kim, Soo-Bin Lee, Chae-Seong Han, Mi-Na Lim, Sung-Eun Lee, In Sun Yoon, Yong-Sic Hwang
Oleosins are the most abundant proteins in the monolipid layer surrounding neutral storage lipids that form oil bodies in plants. Several lines of evidence indicate that they are physiologically important for the maintenance of oil body structure and for mobilization of the lipids stored inside. Rice has six oleosin genes in its genome, the expression of all of which was found to be responsive to abscisic acid (ABA) in our examination of mature embryo and aleurone tissues. The 5'-flanking region of OsOle5 was initially characterized for its responsiveness to ABA through a transient expression assay system using the protoplasts from suspension-cultured rice cells...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482334/the-interaction-between-foliar-ga3-application-and-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-inoculation-improves-growth-in-salinized-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-l-plants-by-modifying-the-hormonal-balance
#8
Mouna Khalloufi, Cristina Martínez-Andújar, Mokhtar Lachaâl, Najoua Karray-Bouraoui, Francisco Pérez-Alfocea, Alfonso Albacete
The agriculture industry is frequently affected by various abiotic stresses limiting plant productivity. To decrease the negative effect of salinity and improve growth performance, some strategies have been used, such as exogenous application of plant growth regulators (i.e. gibberellic acid, GA3), or arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation. To gain insights about the cross-talk effect of exogenous GA3 application and AMF inoculation on growth under salinity conditions, tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum, cv...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478318/tetraploid-carrizo-citrange-rootstock-citrus-sinensis-osb-%C3%A3-poncirus-trifoliata-l-raf-enhances-natural-chilling-stress-tolerance-of-common-clementine-citrus-clementina-hort-ex-tan
#9
Julie Oustric, Raphaël Morillon, François Luro, Stéphane Herbette, Radia Lourkisti, Jean Giannettini, Liliane Berti, Jérémie Santini
Low temperatures can disturb the development, growth and geographic distribution of plants, particularly cold-sensitive plants in the Mediterranean area, where temperatures can reach seasonally low levels. In citrus crops, scion/rootstock combinations are used to improve fruit production and quality, and increase tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses. In the last decade, several studies have shown that tetraploid citrus seedlings or rootstocks are more tolerant to abiotic stress than their respective diploid...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456397/erratum-to-increased-stm-expression-is-associated-with-drought-tolerance-in-arabidopsis-j-plant-physiol-201-2016-79-84
#10
Hong Gil Lee, Yee-Ram Choi, Pil Joon Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482333/ethephon-improved-drought-tolerance-in-maize-seedlings-by-modulating-cuticular-wax-biosynthesis-and-membrane-stability
#11
Haiyue Yu, Yushi Zhang, Yan Xie, Yubin Wang, Liusheng Duan, Mingcai Zhang, Zhaohu Li
Cuticular wax is the outermost thin hydrophobic layer covering the surface of aerial plant parts, which provides a primary waterproof barrier and protection against different environmental stresses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of ethephon, as an ethylene-releasing compound, in counteracting drought stress by modulating cuticular wax biosynthesis, water balance, and antioxidant regulation in maize seedlings. Our results showed that ethephon significantly increased the ethylene evolution rate, regulate the expression of cuticular wax synthesis regulatory gene ZmERE and the wax biosynthetic genes ZmGL1, ZmGL15, ZmFDH1, and ZmFAE1, and promote cuticular wax accumulation in maize seedlings under normal or drought stress conditions...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482332/a-gibberellin-stimulated-transcript-osgasr1-controls-seedling-growth-and-%C3%AE-amylase-expression-in-rice
#12
Sang-Choon Lee, Soo-Jin Kim, Soon-Ki Han, Gynheung An, Seong-Ryong Kim
From a T-DNA-tagging population in rice, we identified OsGASR1 (LOC_Os03g55290), a member of the GAST (gibberellin (GA)-Stimulated Transcript) family that is induced by salt stress and ABA treatment. This gene was highly expressed in the regions of cell proliferation and panicle development, as revealed by a GUS assay of the mutant line. In the osgasr1 mutants, the second leaf blades were much longer than those of the segregating wild type due to an increase in cell length. In addition, five α-amylase genes were up-regulated in the mutants, implying that OsGASR1 is a negative regulator of those genes...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460278/biochemical-characterization-of-a-key-step-involved-in-2h4mb-production-in-decalepis-hamiltonii
#13
Kiran Kamireddy, Pradeep Matam, Priyanka P S, Giridhar Parvatam
Decalepis hamiltonii is widely known for its flavour molecule 2-Hydroxy-4-Methoxy Benzaldehyde (2H4MB), a structural isomer of vanillin. As the biosynthetic pathway of 2H4MB is not known, we hypothesised 2H4MB origins could be from phenylpropanoid pathway (PPP). Accordingly, a study was conducted using PPP inhibitors (viz. piperonylic acid, MDCA and propanil) against in vitro root cultures of D. hamiltonii to find the branch of PPP which catalyses the 2H4MB formation. HPLC analysis was carried out to quantify 2H4MB levels in control and respective inhibitor treated root cultures in vitro...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460279/overexpression-of-a-tartary-buckwheat-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-gene-ftmyb9-enhances-tolerance-to-drought-and-salt-stresses-in-transgenic-arabidopsis
#14
Fei Gao, Jing Zhou, Ren-Yu Deng, Hai-Xia Zhao, Cheng-Lei Li, Hui Chen, Tatsuro Suzuki, Sang-Un Park, Qi Wu
Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is a traditional coarse cereal that exhibits strong plasticity in its adaptation to harsh and complicated environmental stresses. In an attempt to study the strong tolerance of tartary buckwheat, the FtMYB9 gene, which encodes an R2R3-MYB transcription factor protein, was functionally investigated. FtMYB9 expression was rapidly and strongly induced by ABA, cold, salt, and drought treatments in the seedling stage. A yeast one-hybrid system assay indicated that FtMYB9 is an activator of transcriptional activity, consistent with its roles as a transcription factor...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482335/nitric-oxide-mediates-brassinosteroid-induced-flavonoid-biosynthesis-in-camellia-sinensis-l
#15
Xin Li, Lan Zhang, Golam Jalal Ahammed, Zhi-Xin Li, Ji-Peng Wei, Chen Shen, Peng Yan, Li-Ping Zhang, Wen-Yan Han
Flavonoids are one of the key secondary metabolites determining the quality of tea. Although exogenous brassinosteroid (BR), a steroidal plant hormone, can stimulate polyphenol biosynthesis in tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.), the relevance of endogenous BR in flavonoid accumulation and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we show that BR enhances flavonoid concentration in tea leaves by inducing an increase in the endogenous concentration of nitric oxide (NO). Notably, exogenous BR increased levels of flavonoids as well as NO in a concentration dependent manner, while suppression of BR levels by an inhibitor of BR biosynthesis, brassinazole (BRz), decreased the concentrations of both flavonoids and NO in tea leaves...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448840/a-cocktail-of-volatile-compounds-emitted-from-alcaligenes-faecalis-jbcs1294-induces-salt-tolerance-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-by-modulating-hormonal-pathways-and-ion-transporters
#16
Dipto Bhattacharyya, Yong Hoon Lee
In our previous study we showed that volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from Alcaligenes faecalis JBCS1294 (JBCS1294) induced tolerance to salt stress in Arabidopsis thaliana by influencing the auxin and gibberellin pathways and upregulating the expression of key ion transporters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of each VOC and blends of the VOCs on the induction of salt tolerance and signaling pathways. The key VOCs emitted from JBCS1294 were dissolved in lanolin and applied to one side of bipartite I-plates that contained Arabidopsis seeds on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media supplemented with NaCl on the other side...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478319/ectopic-expression-of-a-tomato-dreb-gene-affects-several-aba-processes-and-influences-plant-growth-and-root-architecture-in-an-age-dependent-manner
#17
Rakesh Kumar Upadhyay, Asmita Gupta, Devendra Soni, Rashmi Garg, Uday V Pathre, Pravendra Nath, Aniruddha P Sane
Regulation of whole plant growth and adaptive responses by abscisic acid is complex, requires multiple regulators and largely unknown in plants other than Arabidopsis. We show that over-expression of the tomato SlDREB3/SlERF.H12 (DEHYDRATION RESPONSE ELEMENT BINDING PROTEIN3/ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR. H12) gene can negatively affect many ABA-governed processes across tissues. Its expression leads to early germination in presence of ABA and in response to mannitol, NaCl and glucose. Its expression delays ABA-mediated leaf senescence and natural senescence leading to an increase in plant life by about 20days...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441523/carbohydrates-and-gibberellins-relationship-in-potato-tuberization
#18
Hana Ševčíková, Petra Mašková, Danuše Tarkowská, Tomáš Mašek, Helena Lipavská
Potato represents the third most important crop worldwide and therefore to understand regulations of tuber onset is crucial from both theoretical and practical points of view. Photosynthesis and related carbohydrate status along with phytohormone balance belong to the essential factors in regulation of plant development including storage organ formation. In our work we used potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Lada and its spontaneously tuberizing mutant (ST plants) grown in vitro under low carbohydrate availability (non-inductive conditions)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437677/localization-of-enhancer-of-try-and-cpc1-protein-in-arabidopsis-root-epidermis
#19
Rumi Tominaga-Wada, Tetsuya Kurata, Takuji Wada
CAPRICE (CPC) is a R3-type MYB transcription factor, which induces root-hair cell differentiation in Arabidopsis thaliana. The CPC homologous gene ENHANCER TRY AND CPC1 (ETC1) has a similar function to CPC, and acts in concert with CPC. The CPC protein moves between root epidermal cells, from hairless cells to the neighboring cells, and promotes root-hair differentiation. Therefore, ETC1 is predicted to have movement ability similar to that of CPC. In this study, we generated ETC1:ETC1:GFP and CPC:ETC1:GFP transgenic plants to clarify whether ETC1 exhibits cell-to-cell movement...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431276/enzymatic-activity-gene-expression-and-posttranslational-modifications-of-photosynthetic-and-non-photosynthetic-phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxylase-in-ammonium-stressed-sorghum-plants
#20
Cirenia Arias-Baldrich, Clara de la Osa, Nadja Bosch, Isabel Ruiz-Ballesta, José A Monreal, Sofía García-Mauriño
Sorghum plants grown with 5mM (NH4)2SO4 showed symptoms of stress, such as reduced growth and photosynthesis, leaf chlorosis, and reddish roots. Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) activity, by supplying carbon skeletons for ammonium assimilation, plays a pivotal role in tolerance to ammonium stress. This work investigated the effect of ammonium nutrition on PPC and PPCK gene expression, on PEPC activity, and on post-translational modifications (PTMs) of PEPC in leaves and roots of sorghum plants. Ammonium increased PEPC kinase (PEPCk) activity and the phosphorylation state of PEPC in leaves, both in light and in the dark, due to increased PPCK1 expression in leaves...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
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