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Journal of Plant Physiology

Xin Li, Jing Du, Jinju Guo, Hongyun Wang, Si Ma, Jianguo Lü, Xiaolei Sui, Zhenxian Zhang
Sucrose phosphate synthases (SPSs) are rate-limiting sucrose synthesis enzymes present in photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic tissues. The cucumber genome contains three SPSs that can be grouped into families A, B, and C. CsSPS1 and CsSPS2 are highly expressed in flowers and mature leaves, while the expression level of CsSPS4 increased gradually after leaf unfolding in our study and reached its peak after 20 days. In CsSPS4-overexpression tobacco plants, sucrose content and sucrose/starch ratio were increased significantly and resulted in improved leaf yield...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
María J Rubio-Cabetas, Clara Pons, Beatriz Bielsa, María L Amador, Cristina Marti, Antonio Granell
Analysis of the transcriptomic changes produced in response to hypoxia in root tissues from two rootstock Prunus genotypes differing in their sensitivity to waterlogging: resistant Myrobalan 'P.2175' (P. cerasifera Erhr.), and sensitive 'Felinem' hybrid [P. amygdalus Batsch × P. persica (L.) Batsch] revealed alterations in both metabolism and regulatory processes. Early hypoxia response in both genotypes is characterized by a molecular program aimed to adapt the cell metabolism to the new conditions. Upon hypoxia conditions, tolerant Myrobalan represses first secondary metabolism gene expression as a strategy to prevent the waste of resources/energy, and by the up-regulation of protein degradation genes probably leading to structural adaptations to long-term response to hypoxia...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Yu Xiu, Guodong Wu, Wensi Tang, Zhengfeng Peng, Xiangpan Bu, Longjun Chao, Xue Yin, Jiannan Xiong, Haiwu Zhang, Xiaoqing Zhao, Jing Ding, Lvyi Ma, Huafang Wang, Johannes van Staden
Paeonia ostii var. lishizhenii, a well-known medicinal and horticultural plant, is indigenous to China. Recent studies have shown that its seed has a high oil content, and it was approved as a novel resource of edible oil with a high level of α-linolenic acid by the Chinese Government. This study measured the seed oil contents and fatty acid components of P. ostii var. lishizhenii and six other peonies, P. suffruticosa, P. ludlowii, P. decomposita, P. rockii, and P. lactiflora Pall. 'Heze' and 'Gansu'. The results show that P...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Renyan Huang, Yueyue Li, Guilin Tang, Shugang Hui, Zeyu Yang, Junwei Zhao, Hongbo Liu, Jianbo Cao, Meng Yuan
Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) is the causal agent of rice black-streaked dwarf disease, a serious constraint to rice production. A great deal of effort has been made to elucidate the transcriptome and proteome changes of rice upon virus inoculation. However, the relationship between RBSDV invasion and rice endogenous phytohormone profiling is largely unclear. Here, we surveyed the dynamic content profiling of endogenous phytohormones, which were severely disturbed by RBSDV invasion. The levels of abscisic acid (ABA) and cytokinins (CTKs) increased, while indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellins (GAs), jasmonic acid (JA), and salicylic acid (SA) decreased, accompanied by changes in the transcripts of genes participating in phytohormone metabolism and signalling pathways...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Yanpeng Zhao, Yumei Wang, Yi Huang, Yupeng Cui, Jinping Hua
Cottonseed oil accumulated dramatically from 20 days post-anthesis (DPA) to 30 DPA in Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). To reveal the gene network of oil accumulation and fatty acid composition in developing embryos, embryos at 10, 20 and 30 DPA in cottonseed were sampled and used for transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq). In total, 8629, 7891, and 12,555 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the comparison sets of '20 DPA vs 10 DPA', '30 DPA vs 20 DPA', and '30 DPA vs 10 DPA', respectively...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Ninghai Kou, Zhixin Xiang, Weiti Cui, Longna Li, Wenbiao Shen
Previous results have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), mainly catalyzed by l-cysteine desulfhydrase (DES) in plants, triggers adventitious rooting. The objective of this study was to test whether H2 S is involved in methane (CH4 )-induced adventitious root development in cucumber explants. First, we observed that the activities of DES, endogenous H2 S production, and thereafter adventitious root development were induced by CH4 and NaHS (an H2 S donor). Some responses were sensitive to hypotaurine (HT; a scavenger of H2 S), showing that endogenous H2 S production and adventitious rooting were obviously blocked...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Yuyi Zhou, Yingru Liu, Chuanxi Peng, Xiangwen Li, Mingcai Zhang, Xiaoli Tian, Jianmin Li, Zhaohu Li, Liusheng Duan
Coronatine (COR) is a phytotoxin produced by Pseudomonas syringae. Its structure is similar to those of jasmonates (JAs), which play diverse roles in multiple plant biotic and abiotic defenses. However, the biological activity of COR is 1000 times greater than the activity of JA. In addition to being involved in the JA pathway, COR affects plant photosynthetic efficiency. In this study, we examined wheat blade pretreatment with COR. Blades treated with COR remained green longer than those of control plants under drought stress conditions, resulting in less yield loss with COR treatment...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Rania Djemal, Isabelle Mila, Mondher Bouzayen, Julien Pirrello, Habib Khoudi
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth major cereal crop and shows high adaptive capabilities to diverse environments. Thus, it might represent a potential reservoir of novel genes to improve abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, a novel AP2/ERF transcription factor gene designated as HvSHN1 was isolated from barley. Protein sequence analysis showed that the HvSHN1 protein contained a nuclear localization signal and the conserved AP2/ERF domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that HvSHN1 belongs to the group Va protein in the ERF subfamily which contains the Arabidopsis genes (SHN1, 2 and 3) and the wheat gene TdSHN1 with which it has 94...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Masumi Yamagishi, Hirohide Uchiyama, Takashi Handa
Flower color patterns are the result of spatially and temporally restricted pigment deposition, and clarifying the mechanisms responsible for restricted pigment deposition is a topic of broad interest for both theoretical and practical reasons. The Oriental hybrid lily cultivar 'Dizzy' develops red stripes along the tepal midribs; in order to clarify the genetic basis of these stripes, we isolated most of the genes related to anthocyanin accumulation from 'Dizzy' tepals and compared their expression levels between the red stripe region and the white marginal region of the tepals...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Liliana Lalaleo, Pilar Testillano, Maria-Carmen Risueño, Rosa M Cusidó, Javier Palazon, Ruben Alcazar, Mercedes Bonfill
The anticancer compound podophyllotoxin and other related lignans can be produced in Linum album in vitro cultures, although their biosynthesis varies according to the degree of differentiation of the plant material. In general, L. album cell cultures do not form the same lignans as roots or other culture systems. Our aim was to explore how the lignan-producing capacity of organogenic cell masses is affected by the conditions that promote their formation and growth. Thus, L. album biomass obtained from plantlets was cultured in darkness or light, with or without the addition of plant growth regulators, and the levels of podophyllotoxin, methoxypodophyllotoxin and other related lignans were determined in each of these conditions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Susan P John, Karl H Hasenstein
The epiphytic fern Pleopeltis polypodioides can tolerate repeated drying and rehydration events without conspicuous damage. To understand the biochemical principles of drought-tolerance, we analyzed the effect of dehydration and rehydration at 25 °C on hydroperoxide and lipid hydroperoxide, the activities of antioxidative (catalase and glutathione-oxidizing) enzymes and evaluated changes in fatty acid composition and saturation levels. Dehydration increased peroxide concentration and the activity of glutathione oxidases, but reduced catalase activity...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Longfei Xin, Huifang Zheng, Zongju Yang, Jiameng Guo, Tianxue Liu, Lei Sun, Yang Xiao, Jianping Yang, Qinghua Yang, Lin Guo
Low water availability is a major abiotic factor limiting photosynthesis and the growth and yield of crops. Maize (Zea mays) is among the most drought-sensitive cereal crops. Herein, the physiological and proteomic changes of maize seedlings caused by polyethylene-glycol-induced water deficit were analyzed. The results showed that malondialdehyde and proline contents increased continuously in the treated seedlings. Soluble sugar content and superoxide dismutase activity were upregulated initially but became downregulated under prolonged water deficit...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Yanwei Hao, Binbin Huang, Dongyu Jia, Taylor Mann, Xinyi Jiang, Yuxing Qiu, Masaru Niitsu, Thomas Berberich, Tomonobu Kusano, Taibo Liu
Polyamines (PAs) are implicated in developmental processes and stress responses of plants. Polyamine oxidases (PAOs), flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent enzymes that function in PA catabolism, play a critical role. Even though PAO gene families of Arabidopsis and rice have been intensely characterized and their expression in response to developmental and environmental changes has been investigated, little is known about PAOs in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). We found seven PAO genes in S. lycopersicum and named them SlPAO1∼7...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Patricio Mateluna, Ariel Salvatierra, Simón Solis, Gabriel Nuñez, Paula Pimentel
Prunus species have been classified as moderately sensitive to root hypoxia, but with a certain intrageneric tolerance degree to oxygen deficiency. Previously, RNA-seq analysis described the transcriptomic reconfiguration of two Prunus rootstocks contrasting to root hypoxia, which included the shift from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism. Here, we studied the relationship between lactate accumulation and the functionality of an aquaporin differentially expressed in 'Mariana 2624', a plum-based (Prunus cerasifera x Prunus munsoniana) rootstock tolerant to root hypoxia stress, and 'Mazzard F12/1', a cherry-based (Prunus avium) rootstock sensitive to root hypoxia stress...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Xiangfeng Tan, Hao Xu, Shanjida Khan, Maria A Equiza, Seong H Lee, Maryamsadat Vaziriyeganeh, Janusz J Zwiazek
Oxygen deprivation commonly affects plants exposed to flooding and soil compaction. The resulting root hypoxia has an immediate effect on plant water relations and upsets water balance. Hypoxia inhibits root water transport and triggers stomatal closure. The processes contributing to the inhibition of root hydraulic conductivity and conductance (hydraulic conductivity of the whole root system) are complex and involve changes in root morphology and the functions of aquaporins. Aquaporins (AQPs) comprise a group of membrane intrinsic proteins that are responsible for the transport of water, as well as some small neutral solutes and ions...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Dinakar Challabathula, Qingwei Zhang, Dorothea Bartels
Inhibition of photosynthesis is a central, primary response that is observed in both desiccation-tolerant and desiccation-sensitive plants affected by drought stress. Decreased photosynthesis during drought stress can either be due to the limitation of carbon dioxide entry through the stomata and the mesophyll cells, due to increased oxidative stress or due to decreased activity of photosynthetic enzymes. Although the photosynthetic rates decrease in both desiccation-tolerant and sensitive plants during drought, the remarkable difference lies in the complete recovery of photosynthesis after rehydration in desiccation-tolerant plants...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Sanaz Shokrollahi, Faezeh Ghanati, Reza H Sajedi, Mohsen Sharifi
Iron is a component of many proteins that have crucial roles in plant growth and development, such as ferritin and catalase. Iron also, as a ferromagnetic element, is assumed to be influenced by a static magnetic field (SMF). In the present study, we examined the relationship between ferrous content and gene expression and activity of ferritin and catalase in soybean plants under the influence of 0, 20, and 30 mT SMF for 5 day, 5 h each. Exposure to 20 mT decreased gene expression of Fe transporter, ferrous and H2 O2 contents and gene expression, content and activity of ferritin and catalase...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Xia Ye, Mengmeng Fu, Yu Liu, Dongliang An, Xianbo Zheng, Bin Tan, Jidong Li, Jun Cheng, Wei Wang, Jiancan Feng
Ethylene plays an important role in the grape rachis, where its production can be 10 times higher than in the berry. VvACS1 is the only rachis-specific ACC synthase (ACS) gene, and its expression is coincident with ethylene production in the rachis of Vitis vinifera 'Thompson seedless'. VvACS1 was cloned and ectopically expressed in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum 'Moneymaker'). Lateral buds were increased in two- or four-week-old 35s∷VvACS1 transgenic tomato plants after transplanting. Compared with wild-type (WT) plants, the transgenic tomato plants showed higher expression of the VvACS1 gene in the flowers, leaves, rachis, and fruits...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Seyyedeh-Sanam Kazemi-Shahandashti, Reza Maali-Amiri
Cold stress (CS) as one of the unfavorable abiotic tensions proceeds different aspects of plant responses. These responses are generated through CS effects on crucial processes such as photosynthesis, energy metabolism, ROS homeostasis, membrane fluidity and cell wall architecture. As a tolerance response, plants apply proteins in various strategies such as transferring the message of cold entrance named as signaling, producing defensive and protective molecules against the stress and degrading some unfavorable or unnecessary proteins to produce other required ones...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Sergi Munné-Bosch, Bárbara Simancas, Maren Müller
Ethylene signaling plays a major role in the regulation of plant growth, but its cross-talk with other phytohormones is still poorly understood. Here, we investigated whether or not a defect in ethylene signaling, particularly in the ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) transcription factor, alters plant growth and influences the contents of other phytohormones. With this aim, a hormonal profiling approach using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was used to unravel organ-specific responses (in roots, leaves and fruits) in the ein3-1 mutant and wild-type A...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
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