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Journal of Fish Diseases

D Kušar, U Zajc, V Jenčič, M Ocepek, J Higgins, M Žolnir-Dovč, M Pate
Fish are commonly infected with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), which should be regarded as potential pathogens when handling aquarium fish and equipment. This study examined 107 aquarium fish from pet shops. Cultivation of the fish samples using different selective media was conducted for identification of NTM. Isolates were identified using the GenoType Mycobacterium common mycobacteria and additional species assays, sequencing of the 16S rRNA and rpoB genes, and real-time PCR assay for identification of Mycobacterium (M...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
J Zhang, Y Wang, H Guo, Z Mao, C Ge
Pseudomonas plecoglossicida NB2011, the causative agent of visceral granulomas disease in farmed Larimichthys crocea in China, encodes a predicted type three effector PP_ExoU, a homolog of the cytotoxin ExoU of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In this study, secretion of PP_ExoU was tested in various broth, the protein was expressed with the pET30a prokaryotic system, the phospholipase A (PLA) activity of the recombinant protein was determined with fluorogenic phospholipid substrates, fusion expression with green fluorescent protein in transfected HeLa cells was investigated, and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level was measured...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
J A Kuhn, R Knudsen, R Kristoffersen, P-A Amundsen
Some fish parasites constitute severe management problems as they may cause mortality of their fish host or are important zoonoses of humans. Parasite assessments are therefore critical to keep track of infections. If conventional sampling techniques can be simplified, parasite assessments might be easier to obtain, less time-consuming and more extensive. In this study, we compare the assessed number of Diphyllobothrium spp. cysts (CYST) with the counted number of Diphyllobothrium spp. plerocercoid larvae recovered using a conventional digestive technique (LARV)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
S M Boylan, A Camus, J Gaskins, J Oliverio, M Parks, A Davis, J Cassel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
K J McHugh, O L F Weyl, N J Smit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
A S Dalum, K H Kristthorsdottir, D J Griffiths, K Bjørklund, T T Poppe
Spontaneous mortality of seemingly healthy, farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L) is an increasing problem in Norwegian aquaculture. In this study, we present a morphological study of the previously undescribed syndrome of arteriosclerosis of the ventral aorta and epicarditis of the adjacent bulbus arteriosus found in farmed Atlantic salmon, with wild-captured fish as a control group. Both the ventral aorta and epicardium are vital for correct arterial compliance and vascular resistance in the respiratory capillaries of the gills...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
S R Krupesha Sharma, M A Pradeep, N Sadu, Praveen N Dube, K K Vijayan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
J A Dill, S M Williams, J H Leary, T F F Ng, A C Camus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
E Kaczorek, J Szarek, M Mikiewicz, E Terech-Majewska, P Schulz, J Małaczewska, R Wójcik, A K Siwicki
Kynurenic acid (KYNA) is an endogenous substance produced on the kynurenine pathway which is primarily known for its neuroactive properties. Recently, it has been proven that KYNA is a selective ligand for G protein-coupled receptor (GPR 35), presented on immunocompetent cells such as T lymphocytes. This opens up new possibilities of its application as an immunostimulating substance in aquaculture. Thus far, no histopathological investigations in fish have been completed to evaluate influence of KYNA supplementation in feed...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
T-H Chung, S-W Yi, G-W Shin
This study evaluated antibiotic resistance and the related genes in total 47 Aeromonas veronii isolates from pet fish, eel (Anguilla japonica) and koi (Cyprinus carpio) in Korea. In comparison with the antibiotic susceptibilities of isolates from eel and koi, those of pet fish were more resistant to ceftiofur, aminoglycosides, tetracycline and nitrofurantoin. And isolates from pet fish showed high prevalences of class 1 integron, quinolones and tetracycline resistance determinants than those from eel and koi...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
M Guevara Soto, B Vidondo, L Vaughan, J-F Rubin, H Segner, S Samartin, H Schmidt-Posthaus
Epitheliocystis in Swiss brown trout (Salmo trutta) is a chlamydial infection, mainly caused by Candidatus Piscichlamydia salmonis and Candidatus Clavichlamydia salmonicola. To gain a better understanding of the temporal development of infections in wild brown trout, we investigated epitheliocystis infections during the course of the summer and autumn months of a single year (2015), and compared this to sampling points over the span of the years 2012-2014. The survey focused on tributaries (Venoge and Boiron) of the Rhone flowing in to Lake Geneva...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
G B N Assis, T F de Oliveira, I A Gardner, H C P Figueiredo, C A G Leal
Despite the worldwide occurrence of Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (Fno) infection in farmed tilapia, sensitivity and specificity estimates of commonly used diagnostic tests have not been reported. This study aimed to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of bacteriological culture and qPCR to detect Fno infection. We tested 559 fish, sampled from four farms with different epidemiological scenarios: (i) healthy fish in a hatchery free of Fno; (ii) targeted sampling of diseased fish with suggestive external clinical signs of francisellosis during an outbreak; (iii) convenience sampling of diseased and clinically healthy fish during an outbreak; and (iv) sampling of healthy fish in a cage farm without a history of outbreaks, but with francisellosis reported in other farms in the same reservoir...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
E C Mateo, T Castro, V Sierralta, D R Mateo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
C M Gieseker, T C Crosby, L C Woods
The gliding aquatic bacterium Flavobacterium columnare causes columnaris disease, a common problem for wild and farmed freshwater fish worldwide. Recently, a broth microdilution method was standardized to test the susceptibility of F. columnare against antimicrobials commonly used in aquaculture. We used this new method to measure the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ten antimicrobials against 120 F. columnare isolates. The resulting MIC frequency distributions for each antimicrobial (1 MIC/isolate) were used to estimate epidemiological cut-off values (ECVs) which separate isolates with typical wild-type (WT) susceptibility from isolates with decreased non-wild-type (NWT) susceptibility...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
F Scholz, E Fringuelli, M Bolton-Warberg, M Marcos-López, S Mitchell, P Prodhol, D Moffet, P Savage, S Murphy O'Sullivan, I O Connor, E McCarthy, H D Rodger
A microsporidian species with 98.3-98.4% nucleotide identity to Tetramicra brevifilum (Journal of Fish Diseases, 3, 1980, 495) was diagnosed in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus, L.) broodstock held at a breeding and rearing facility in western Ireland. The fish were wild-caught from the west coast of Ireland, and the first case was diagnosed one year after capture. Clinical signs included severe bloating, lethargy, exophthalmos, anorexia, white patches on the cornea and externally visible parasitic cysts on skin and fins...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
J Cabon, L Louboutin, J Castric, S Bergmann, G Bovo, M Matras, O Haenen, N J Olesen, T Morin
Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3) is the aetiological agent of a serious infective, notifiable disease affecting common carp and varieties. In survivors, infection is generally characterized by a subclinical latency phase with restricted viral replication. The CyHV-3 genome is difficult to detect in such carrier fish that represent a potential source of dissemination if viral reactivation occurs. In this study, the analytical and diagnostic performance of an alternative serum neutralization (SN) method based on the detection of CyHV-3-specific antibodies was assessed using 151 serum or plasma samples from healthy and naturally or experimentally CyHV-3-infected carp...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
Q K Doan, M Vandeputte, B Chatain, T Morin, F Allal
Viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER), otherwise known as viral nervous necrosis (VNN), is a major devastating threat for aquatic animals. Betanodaviruses have been isolated in at least 70 aquatic animal species in marine and in freshwater environments throughout the world, with the notable exception of South America. In this review, the main features of betanodavirus, including its diversity, its distribution and its transmission modes in fish, are firstly presented. Then, the existing diagnosis and detection methods, as well as the different control procedures of this disease, are reviewed...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
M S Ugelvik, A Skorping, A Mennerat
Aggregation is common amongst parasites, where a small number of hosts carry a large proportion of parasites. This could result in density-dependent effects on parasite fitness. In a laboratory study, we explored whether parasite load affected parasite fecundity and survival, using ectoparasitic salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer, 1837) infecting Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) hosts. We found a significant reduction in fecundity with higher parasite load, but no significant effect on survival. Together with previous findings, this suggests that stronger competition amongst female lice under high parasite load is a more likely explanation than increased host immune response...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
A Hellebø, A Stene, V Aspehaug
Amoebic gill disease (AGD) caused by the amoeba Paramoeba perurans is an increasing problem in Atlantic salmon aquaculture. In the present PCR survey, the focus was to identify reservoir species or environmental samples where P. perurans could be present throughout the year, regardless of the infection status in farmed Atlantic salmon. A total of 1200 samples were collected at or in the proximity to farming sites with AGD, or with history of AGD, and analysed for the presence of P. perurans. No results supported biofouling organisms, salmon lice, biofilm or sediment to maintain P...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
V Boonyawiwat, T Patanasatienkul, J Kasornchandra, C Poolkhet, S Yaemkasem, L Hammell, J Davidson
Asian shrimp farming industry has experienced massive production losses due to a disease caused by toxins of Vibrio bacteria, known as early mortality syndrome/acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (EMS/AHPND) for the last 5 years. The disease can cause up to 100% cumulative pond mortality within a week. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with AHPND occurrence on shrimp farms. A case-control study was carried out on shrimp farms in four provinces of Thailand. Factors related to farm characteristics, farm management, pond and water preparation, feed management, post-larvae (PL) shrimp and stock management were evaluated...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
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