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Plant Cell Reports

Anca Macovei, Andrea Pagano, Paola Leonetti, Daniela Carbonera, Alma Balestrazzi, Susana S Araújo
The pre-germinative metabolism is among the most fascinating aspects of seed biology. The early seed germination phase, or pre-germination, is characterized by rapid water uptake (imbibition), which directs a series of dynamic biochemical events. Among those are enzyme activation, DNA damage and repair, and use of reserve storage compounds, such as lipids, carbohydrates and proteins. Industrial seedling production and intensive agricultural production systems require seed stocks with high rate of synchronized germination and low dormancy...
October 11, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Mariko Takayama, Chiaki Matsukura, Tohru Ariizumi, Hiroshi Ezura
The C-terminal extension region of SlGAD3 is likely involved in autoinhibition, and removing this domain increases GABA levels in tomato fruits. γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a ubiquitous non-protein amino acid with several health-promoting benefits. In many plants including tomato, GABA is synthesized via decarboxylation of glutamate in a reaction catalyzed by glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), which generally contains a C-terminal autoinhibitory domain. We previously generated transgenic tomato plants in which tomato GAD3 (SlGAD3) was expressed using the 35S promoter/NOS terminator expression cassette (35S-SlGAD3-NOS), yielding a four- to fivefold increase in GABA levels in red-ripe fruits compared to the control...
October 4, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Mariette Andersson, Helle Turesson, Alessandro Nicolia, Ann-Sofie Fält, Mathias Samuelsson, Per Hofvander
Altered starch quality with full knockout of GBSS gene function in potato was achieved using CRISPR-Cas9 technology, through transient transfection and regeneration from isolated protoplasts. Site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) has shown great progress in introducing precisely targeted mutations. Engineered CRISPR-Cas9 has received increased focus compared to other SDM techniques, since the method is easily adapted to different targets. Here, we demonstrate that transient application of CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome editing in protoplasts of tetraploid potato (Solanum tuberosum) yielded mutations in all four alleles in a single transfection, in up to 2 % of regenerated lines...
October 3, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Magdolna Gombos, Zoltán Zombori, Mária Szécsényi, Györgyi Sándor, Hajnalka Kovács, János Györgyey
An unambiguous nomenclature is proposed for the twenty-eight-member LOB domain transcription factor family in Brachypodium . Expression analysis provides unique transcript patterns that are characteristic of a wide range of organs and plant parts. LOB (lateral organ boundaries)-domain proteins define a family of plant-specific transcription factors involved in developmental processes from embryogenesis to seed production. They play a crucial role in shaping the plant architecture through coordinating cell fate at meristem to organ boundaries...
September 29, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Congcong Wang, Peitao Lü, Silin Zhong, Houbin Chen, Biyan Zhou
LcMCII - 1 is a type II metacaspase. Over-expression of LcMCII- 1 in Arabidopsis promoted ROS-dependent and natural senescence. Virus-induced LcMCII- 1 silencing delayed the ROS-dependent senescence of the rudimentary leaves of Litchi chinensis . Litchi is an evergreen woody fruit tree that is widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical regions. Its floral buds are mixed with axillary or apical panicle primordia, leaf primordia and rudimentary leaves. A low spring temperature is vital for litchi production as it promotes the abscission of the rudimentary leaves, which could otherwise prevent panicle development...
September 28, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Bee Lynn Chew, Ian D Fisk, Rupert Fray, Gregory A Tucker, Zsuzsanna Bodi, Alison Ferguson, Wei Xia, Graham B Seymour
This study highlights the changes in umami-related nucleotide and glutamate levels when the AMP deaminase gene was elevated in transgenic tomato. Taste is perceived as one of a combination of five sensations, sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami. The umami taste is best known as a savoury sensation and plays a central role in food flavour, palatability, and eating satisfaction. Umami flavour can be imparted by the presence of glutamate and is greatly enhanced by the addition of ribonucleotides, such as inosine monophosphate (IMP) and guanosine monophosphate (GMP)...
September 23, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Katsunori Murota, Hanako Shimura, Minoru Takeshita, Chikara Masuta
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) can induce a specific necrosis on Arabidopsis through the interaction between the CMV 2b protein and host catalase, in which the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway may be involved. We previously reported that the CMV 2b protein, the viral RNA silencing suppressor, interacted with the H2O2 scavenger catalase (CAT3), leading to necrosis on CMV-inoculated Arabidopsis leaves. We here confirmed that CMV could more abundantly accumulate in the CAT3-knockout mutant (cat3), and that CAT3 makes host plants a little more tolerant to CMV...
September 22, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Tomasz Pniewski, Marcin Czyż, Katarzyna Wyrwa, Piotr Bociąg, Paweł Krajewski, Józef Kapusta
Micropropagation protocol of transgenic lettuce bearing S-, M- and L-HBsAg was developed for increased production of uniformised material for oral vaccine preparation. Effective manufacturing of plant-based biopharmaceuticals, including oral vaccines, depends on sufficient content of a protein of interest in the initial material and its efficient conversion into an administrable formulation. However, stable production of plants with a uniformised antigen content is equally important for reproducible processing...
September 21, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Kyeong-Ryeol Lee, Yongjik Lee, Eun-Ha Kim, Seul-Bee Lee, Kyung Hee Roh, Jong-Bum Kim, Han-Chul Kang, Hyun Uk Kim
We described identification, expression, subcellular localization, and functions of genes that encode fatty acid desaturase enzymes in Perilla frutescens var. frutescens. Perilla (Perilla frutescens var. frutescens) seeds contain approximately 40 % of oil, of which α-linolenic acid (18:3) comprise more than 60 % in seed oil and 56 % of total fatty acids (FAs) in leaf, respectively. In perilla, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized and chloroplast-localized ω-3 FA desaturase genes (PfrFAD3 and PfrFAD7, respectively) have already been reported, however, microsomal oleate 12-desaturase gene (PfrFAD2) has not yet...
September 16, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Riko Tanaka, Makoto Amijima, Yuji Iwata, Nozomu Koizumi, Kei-Ichiro Mishiba
Enhancement of endoreduplication in dark-grown hypocotyl is a common feature in dicotyledonous polysomatic plants, and TIBA-mediated inhibition of the endoreduplication is partially due to abnormal actin organization. Many higher plant species use endoreduplication during cell differentiation. However, the mechanisms underlying this process have remained elusive. In this study, we examined endoreduplication in hypocotyls and cotyledons in response to light in some dicotyledonous plant species. Enhancement of endoreduplication was found in the dark-grown hypocotyls of all the polysomatic species analyzed across five different families, indicating that this process is a common feature in dicotyledonous plants having polysomatic tissues...
September 16, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Xiangyu Luo, Jingsheng Zheng, Rongyu Huang, Yumin Huang, Houcong Wang, Liangrong Jiang, Xuanjun Fang
Leaf angle is an important agronomic trait in rice (Oryza sativa L.). It affects both the efficiency of sunlight capture and nitrogen reservoirs. The erect leaf phenotype is suited for high-density planting and thus increasing crop yields. Many genes regulate leaf angle by affecting leaf structure, such as the lamina joint, mechanical tissues, and the midrib. Signaling of brassinosteroids (BR), auxin (IAA), and gibberellins (GA) plays important roles in the regulation of lamina joint bending in rice. In addition, the biosynthesis and signaling of BR are known to have dominant effects on leaf angle development...
September 13, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Liangliang Yu, Yan Liu, Yumin Liu, Qiong Li, Guirong Tang, Li Luo
Over-production of functional PSK-α in Arabidopsis caused increases in both plant cell growth and biomass and induced male sterility by regulating cell wall development. Phytosulfokine-α (PSK-α) is a novel disulfated pentapeptide hormone that is involved in promoting plant cell growth. Although a role for PSK-α in stimulating protoplast expansion has been suggested, how PSK-α regulates cell growth in planta remains poorly understood. In this study, we found that overexpression of the normal PSK-α precursor gene AtPSK4, which resulted in high levels of PSK-α, caused longer roots and larger leaves with enlarged cells...
September 12, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Ningning Zhang, Maureen Dolan, Di Wu, Gregory C Phillips, Jianfeng Xu
Cell growth medium composition has profound impacts on the O -glycosylation of a "designer" arabinogalactan protein-based module; full glycosylation is essential in directing efficient extracellular secretion of the tagged recombinant protein. Expression of recombinant proteins in plant cells as fusion with a de novo designed hydroxyproline (Hyp)-O-glycosylated peptide (HypGP) tag, termed HypGP engineering technology, resulted in dramatically increased secreted protein yields. This is due to the function of the HypGP tag as a molecular carrier in promoting efficient transport of conjoined proteins into culture media...
September 8, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Fátima Duarte-Aké, Eduardo Castillo-Castro, Felipe Barredo Pool, Francisco Espadas, Jorge M Santamaría, Manuel L Robert, Clelia De-la-Peña
Global DNA methylation changes caused by in vitro conditions are associated with the subculturing and phenotypic variation in Agave angustifolia Haw. While the relationship between the development of albinism and in vitro culture is well documented, the role of epigenetic processes in this development leaves some important questions unanswered. During the micropropagation of Agave angustifolia Haw., we found three different phenotypes, green (G), variegated (V) and albino (A). To understand the physiological and epigenetic differences among the somaclones, we analyzed several morphophysiological parameters and changes in the DNA methylation patterns in the three phenotypes during their in vitro development...
September 2, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Naoya Ueno, Saori Nihei, Naoto Miyakawa, Tadashi Hirasawa, Motoki Kanekatsu, Wataru Marubashi, Wouter G van Doorn, Tetsuya Yamada
PCD with features of vacuolar cell death including autophagy-related features were detected in hybrid tobacco cells, and detailed time course of features of vacuolar cell death were established. A type of interspecific Nicotiana hybrid, Nicotiana suaveolens × N. tabacum exhibits temperature-sensitive lethality. This lethality results from programmed cell death (PCD) in hybrid seedlings, but this PCD occurs only in seedlings and suspension-cultured cells grown at 28 °C, not those grown at 36 °C. Plant PCD can be classified as vacuolar cell death or necrotic cell death...
September 1, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Zhehao Jin, Jin-Hee Kim, Sang Un Park, Soo-Un Kim
Two cDNAs for indole-3-glycerol phosphate lyase homolog were cloned from Polygonum tinctorium. One encoded cytosolic indole synthase possibly in indigoid synthesis, whereas the other encoded a putative tryptophan synthase α-subunit. Indigo is an old natural blue dye produced by plants such as Polygonum tinctorium. Key step in plant indigoid biosynthesis is production of indole by indole-3-glycerol phosphate lyase (IGL). Two tryptophan synthase α-subunit (TSA) homologs, PtIGL-short and -long, were isolated by RACE PCR from P...
September 1, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Fumio Takaiwa, Lijun Yang, Nobuyuki Maruyama, Yuhya Wakasa, Kenjiro Ozawa
Mouse TGF-β highly accumulated by expressing as a secretory homodimeric protein in transgenic rice endosperm. It was tightly deposited in ER-derived PBs by interaction with cysteine-rich prolamins. TGF-β is one of the key players involved in the induction and maintenance of mucosal immune tolerance to dietary proteins through the induction of regulatory T cells. In order to utilize rice-based TGF-β as a tool to promote oral immune tolerance induction, high production of TGF-β is essentially required. When the codon-optimized mTGF-β was expressed as a secretory protein by ligating an N-terminal signal peptide and C-terminal KDEL ER retention signal under the control of the endosperm-specific rice storage protein glutelin GluB-1 promoter, accumulation level was low in stable transgenic rice seeds...
August 31, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Marilane O F Amaro, Mariana F Xisto, Ana Carolina F Dias, Alice F Versiani, Silvia A Cardoso, Wagner C Otoni, Cynthia C da Silva, Sérgio O De Paula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Anica Bjelica, Meghan L Haggitt, Kathlyn N Woolfson, Daniel P N Lee, Abdullah B Makhzoum, Mark A Bernards
Potato StCYP86A33 complements the Arabidopsis AtCYP86A1 mutant, horst - 1. Suberin is a cell-wall polymer that comprises both phenolic and aliphatic components found in specialized plant cells. Aliphatic suberin is characterized by bi-functional fatty acids, typically ω-hydroxy fatty acids and α,ω-dioic acids, which are linked via glycerol to form a three-dimensional polymer network. In potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), over 65 % of aliphatics are either ω-hydroxy fatty acids or α,ω-dioic acids. Since the biosynthesis of α,ω-dioic acids proceeds sequentially through ω-hydroxy fatty acids, the formation of ω-hydroxy fatty acids represents a significant metabolic commitment during suberin deposition...
August 26, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Sen Yin, Jian-Qiang Kong
The present study first identified the involvement of OcUAXS2 and OcUXS1-3 in anticancer polysaccharides biosynthesis in O. caudatum. UDP-xylose synthase (UXS) and UDP-D-apiose/UDP-D-xylose synthase (UAXS), both capable of converting UDP-D-glucuronic acid to UDP-D-xylose, are believed to transfer xylosyl residue to anticancer polysaccharides biosynthesis in Ornithogalum caudatum Ait. However, the cDNA isolation and functional characterization of genes encoding the two enzymes from O. caudatum has never been documented...
November 2016: Plant Cell Reports
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