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Veterinary Clinical Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817168/infection-with-a-novel-derogenid-trematode-in-a-flap-necked-chameleon-chamaeleo-dilepis
#1
Nancy B Collicutt, Nicole I Stacy, Heather Stockdale Walden, April Childress, Jennifer Dill, Marita Anderson, James F X Wellehan
A 2-year-old female Flap-necked chameleon (Chamaeleo dilepis) was presented with a history of anorexia. On physical examination, three 11×4×2 mm, light tan-pink, raised, gelatinous, freely movable, poorly demarcated, raised nodules were identified within the oral cavity. An impression smear contained multiple, light blue to green structures exhibiting an 18×35 μm, elliptical-shaped anterior portion and a single 1×150 μm filament with a tapered end. Initial differential etiologies included trematode ova, flagellate protozoa, fungal sporangia, plant material, and sperm...
August 17, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815747/what-is-your-diagnosis-erythrocyte-morphology-in-a-cow
#2
Déborah Culang, Carolyn Gara-Boivin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815678/cutaneous-iridophoroma-in-a-green-iguana-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-iguana-iguana-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#3
Estelle Rousselet, Carlos H De Mello Souza, James F X Wellehan, Ember D Epperson, Michael J Dark, Heather L Wamsley
An 11-year-old intact male Green iguana (Iguana iguana) was referred for treatment of a probable iridophoroma based on previous cytopathology. A periocular mass was present near the right medial canthus. Computed tomography did not show any sign of metastasis. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included lymphopenia and hyperproteinemia. Cytologic and histologic evaluations of the mass were consistent with iridophoroma. Complete surgical excision of the mass was not possible without removal of the orbit due to local tissue involvement...
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800150/heterozygosity-for-p2y12-receptor-gene-mutation-associated-with-postoperative-hemorrhage-in-a-greater-swiss-mountain-dog
#4
Rebecca S Flores, Mary K Boudreaux, Barbara Vasquez, Poppy Bristow, Lillian R Aronson, Kari Santoro-Beer, Mary Beth Callan
A 3-year-old, female Greater Swiss Mountain dog developed a hemoperitoneum following an exploratory laparotomy and ovariohysterectomy. Platelet count, PT, APTT, and plasma von Willebrand factor antigen concentration were within RIs. A buccal mucosal bleeding time (BMBT) was prolonged. Given the probability of a hereditary thrombopathia, the dog was administered desmopressin, fresh platelet transfusions, and aminocaproic acid to control hemorrhage. Subsequently, DNA testing for the P2Y12 receptor gene mutation identified the dog as being a heterozygote (carrier)...
August 11, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783866/hematologic-and-plasma-chemistry-ris-for-cultured-striped-catfish-pangasius-hypophthalmus-in-recirculating-aquaculture-systems
#5
Oscar A Galagarza, David D Kuhn, Stephen A Smith, Terry C Hrubec
BACKGROUND: Striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) is a valuable aquaculture fish species produced primarily in Southeast Asia. In the United States, it is bred as an ornamental species. Striped catfish has high productivity and great demand in numerous countries around the world, yet little is known about its normal physiology. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to establish hematologic and blood chemistry RIs for healthy juvenile Striped catfish. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 70 Striped catfish raised in recirculating aquaculture systems...
August 7, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750148/analytic-variability-in-the-enumeration-of-neutrophil-subpopulations-in-canine-blood
#6
Saverio Paltrinieri, Elisa Talon
BACKGROUND: Conventional differential leukocyte counts do not enumerate hyposegmented neutrophils (Hypo-PMN), ie, immature neutrophils that already lost the band morphology but are not yet completely segmented. They may be early indicators of acute inflammation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the analytic variability of counts of segmented neutrophils (Seg-PMN), band neutrophils (Band), hyposegmented neutrophils (Hypo-PMN), non-Bands (Hypo-PMN + Seg-PMN), and Young-PMN (Bands + Hypo-PMN) assess if Hypo- or Young-PMN identify inflammation better than Bands...
July 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750142/feline-leukocyte-adhesion-cd18-deficiency-caused-by-a-deletion-in-the-integrin-%C3%AE-2-itgb2-gene
#7
Thomas R Bauer, Suzanne M Pratt, Christina M Palena, Karthik Raj, Urs Giger
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) or CD18 deficiency is an autosomal recessive immunodeficiency which has been described in people, cattle, dogs, and knockout mice. OBJECTIVES: The study goals were to characterize the clinicopathologic, immunologic, and molecular genetic features of feline LAD (FLAD) in a neutered male adult Domestic Longhair cat with severe leukocytosis and recurrent infections. METHODS: Flow cytometry evaluated surface expression of CD18 on neutrophils...
July 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745834/what-is-your-diagnosis-blood-film-from-a-black-bear-ursus-americanus
#8
Angela D Gwynn, Leslie Sharkey, Rick Gerhold, Anthony Holland, Edmund J Isaac, Shelly Michalski, Laura Teigen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745826/comparison-of-biuret-and-refractometry-methods-for-the-serum-total-proteins-measurement-in-ruminants
#9
Panagiotis D Katsoulos, Labrini V Athanasiou, Maria A Karatzia, Nektarios Giadinis, Harilaos Karatzias, Constantin Boscos, Zoe S Polizopoulou
BACKGROUND: Determination of serum total protein concentration is commonly performed by the biuret method. Refractometric measurement is a faster and less expensive alternative but its accuracy has not been determined in ruminants. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the serum total protein concentrations in cattle, sheep, and goats measured by the biuret method with those obtained by refractometry. METHODS: Serum total protein concentration was determined in 120 cattle, 67 sheep, and 58 goat blood samples refractometrically and with the biuret method...
July 26, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741308/what-is-your-diagnosis-lymph-node-aspirates-from-a-dog-with-prominent-lymphadenomegaly
#10
Charalampos Attipa, Fiona Brooks, Alison Wilson, Ragnhild Skulberg, Kate English
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741302/estimates-of-biologic-variation-in-specific-feline-pancreatic-lipase-concentrations-in-cats-without-clinical-or-ultrasonographic-evidence-of-pancreatitis
#11
Margaret Cohn-Urbach, Craig G Ruaux, Sarah Nemanic
BACKGROUND: Serum concentrations of feline-specific pancreatic lipase are commonly used for diagnosis and monitoring of pancreatitis in cats, but little is known regarding biologic variation of this analyte. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine biologic variation, index of individuality, and reference change values (RCV) for specific feline pancreatic lipase concentrations (Spec fPL) in apparently healthy cats. METHODS: Four blood samples were collected prospectively from 12 apparently healthy cats at 2-week intervals...
July 24, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712138/hematologic-reference-intervals-and-age-effect-in-european-strigiformes
#12
Susana Agusti Montolio, Rafael Molina López, Carolyn Cray, Santiago Lavín González, Olga Nicolás Francisco, Ignasi Marco Sánchez, Encarna Casas-Díaz, Rafaela Cuenca Valera
BACKGROUND: The clinical importance of hematologic testing in avian veterinary medicine is reflected in the increasing number of studies for the establishment of hematologic RIs of Strigiformes and other species. Age is an important physiologic factor in birds and the effect on hematology variable should be understood. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine baseline data of hematologic variables in 5 species of Iberian Strigiformes in different age classes...
July 16, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703917/the-beauty-of-bile
#13
Jelena Palić, Vera Geisen, Stefan Unterer, Roswitha Dorsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692171/what-is-your-diagnosis-aspirate-from-a-digit-of-a-dog
#14
Winsome W Eu, Roy Pool, Nancy Kelso, Jennifer L Scruggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692132/plasma-protein-electrophoresis-as-a-prognostic-indicator-in-aspergillus-species-infected-gentoo-penguins-pygoscelis-papua-papua
#15
Adam D Naylor, Simon J Girling, Donna Brown, Claire G Crompton, Romain Pizzi
BACKGROUND: Avian aspergillosis presents a significant threat to captive penguin populations. Currently, a lack of objective prognostic factors limits disease staging, objective reassessment throughout treatment, comparative evaluation of treatment regimes, and appropriate timing of euthanasia. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to investigate absolute and relative plasma protein fractions by agarose gel electrophoresis (EPH) as predictors of survival in Gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua papua) under treatment for aspergillosis...
July 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636207/specificity-of-and-influence-of-hemolysis-lipemia-and-icterus-on-serum-lipase-activity-as-measured-by-the-v-lip-p-slide
#16
Joerg M Steiner, Robynne Gomez, Jan S Suchodolski, Jonathan A Lidbury
BACKGROUND: Measurement of pancreatic lipase in serum is being used for the diagnosis of pancreatitis. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to measure serum lipase activity by the v-LIP-P slide and serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) concentration by Spec cPL in dogs with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) and in serum samples that were hemolyzed, lipemic, or icteric. METHODS: Serum samples from 50 dogs with EPI, 8 samples spiked with canine hemoglobin, Intralipid, or ditaurobilirubin, and 8 samples from dogs with severe hypertriglyceridemia were evaluated using v-LIP-P and Spec cPL assays...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605132/what-is-your-diagnosis-digit-aspirate-from-a-dog
#17
Melinda S Camus, Annabelle Burnum, Elizabeth W Howerth, Christopher J Brouwer, Ajay Sharma, Chien-Tsun Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605129/what-is-your-diagnosis-purple-granules-within-neutrophils-of-a-dog
#18
Francisco O Conrado, Rose E Raskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605123/in-vitro-effects-of-dalteparin-on-thrombin-generation-in-canine-plasma
#19
Carolyn Gara-Boivin, Jérôme R E Del Castillo, Marilyn E Dunn, Christian Bédard
BACKGROUND: The calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) is a functional thrombin generation (TG) assay that may provide a new approach for monitoring anticoagulant therapy in dogs. The effects of dalteparin on TG variables in dogs are unknown. OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to establish normal TG variable ranges in dogs and measure the in vitro TG variables in canine pooled platelet-poor plasma (PPP) spiked with different dalteparin concentrations. METHODS: In the first experiment, plasma samples from 25 adult healthy Beagle dogs and 11 client-owned healthy dogs of multiple breeds was measured individually for obtaining normal TG values...
June 12, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605122/a-comparison-of-hematology-plasma-chemistry-and-injuries-in-hickory-shad-alosa-mediocris-captured-by-electrofishing-or-angling-during-a-spawning-run
#20
Mark A Matsche, Kevin Rosemary, Charles P Stence
BACKGROUND: Declines in Hickory shad (Alosa mediocris) populations in Chesapeake Bay have prompted efforts at captive propagation of wild broodfish for stock enhancement and research. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate injuries sustained, and immediate and delayed (24 hours) effects on blood variables related to 2 fish capturing methods (electrofishing [EF] and angling). METHODS: Blood specimens were collected from fish immediately following capture by EF and angling (n = 40 per sex and capture method) from the Susquehanna River (MD, USA)...
June 12, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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