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Veterinary Clinical Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346702/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-time-temperature-and-specimen-storage-on-in-vitro-lactate-concentrations-in-healthy-dogs
#1
Colin F Reich, Jonathan F Bach, Julie M Walker
BACKGROUND: Lactate concentrations increase significantly under certain storage conditions, except for when glycolysis-arresting agents are used. Evaluation of time and storage conditions on heparinized whole blood lactate concentrations without glycolysis-arresting agents have not been evaluated in dogs. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of preanalytic storage conditions on the in vitro concentration of lactate in heparinized canine venous blood specimens...
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346682/age-related-variation-in-the-cellular-composition-of-equine-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid
#2
Shannon J Hostetter, Sandra K Clark, Jessica M Gilbertie, Sarah A Wiechert, Doug E Jones, Brett A Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Previous reports reveal variation in the cellular composition of equine bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the profiles of BALF from horses to assess age-related differences. Serial BALF samples were collected from the same individuals over a one-year period to identify changes in individual animals as they aged. METHODS: Collection of BALF was performed on horses aged one week and one, 2, 6, and 12 months...
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295452/presumed-lupus-erythematosus-cells-identified-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-from-a-mexican-hairless-dog
#3
Laura J Black, Ashley C Hechler, Maura E Duffy, Sarah S K Beatty
A neutered male Mexican Hairless dog was presented for generalized weight loss and weakness. Initial laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging revealed thrombocytopenia and an interstitial to miliary lung pattern affecting all lung fields. Mild joint effusion was found on physical examination affecting the stifle, tarsal, carpal, and elbow joints. Examination of synovial fluid demonstrated an inflammatory polyarthropathy in 3 joints. Cytocentrifuged and direct preparations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sample were made and cells consistent with lupus erythematosus (LE) cells and ragocytes were found...
March 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272815/clinically-healthy-overweight-and-obese-dogs-differ-from-lean-controls-in-select-cbc-and-serum-biochemistry-values
#4
Lauren B Radakovich, Matthew P Truelove, Stephen C Pannone, Christine S Olver, Kelly S Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global disease, affecting nearly half a billion people. Unfortunately, this trend is mirrored in our canine population. OBJECTIVES: As obesity is a complex inflammatory disease, there is a need to determine whether routine medical screening tests may indicate, or be influenced by, its presence. The objective of the current study was to determine if significant differences exist between CBC and biochemical profile values from control vs overweight/obese, client-owned dogs considered clinically healthy...
March 8, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263407/bartonella-henselae-in-canine-cavitary-effusions-prevalence-identification-and-clinical-associations
#5
Amy L Weeden, Natalie A Cherry, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Avery G Cheves, Heather L Wamsley
BACKGROUND: Previous reports suggest an association between Bartonella infection and effusions in dogs and human beings. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of Bartonella infection in canine effusions and to investigate historic and clinical parameters predictive of Bartonella in dogs with effusions. METHODS: Canine cavitary effusions submitted for analysis and, if available, paired EDTA blood, were screened for Bartonella infection using the Bartonella α-proteobacteria growth medium enrichment culture/PCR diagnostic platform (Bartonella enrichment PCR or ePCR) at Galaxy Diagnostics, Inc...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263401/what-is-your-diagnosis-joint-and-associated-tissue-aspirates-from-a-bearded-dragon-pogona-vitticeps
#6
Kate E Pennick, Rachael A Holicky, Melinda J Wilkerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249100/cytologic-features-of-cutaneous-follicular-tumors-and-cysts-in-dogs
#7
Adeyemi O Adedeji, Verena K Affolter, Mary M Christopher
BACKGROUND: Follicular tumors and cysts are common skin lesions in dogs. Both are distinguished based on their cellular origin (matrical, isthmus, or infundibular cells) and the type of keratin they produce. Typically, differentiation requires histopathology, as all these lesions often have similar cytologic features. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this retrospective study was to identify unique cytologic features that may assist differentiation of canine benign follicular tumors and cysts at cytology, using histopathology as gold standard...
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249099/what-is-your-diagnosis-nasal-lesion-in-a-horse
#8
Mary K Leissinger, Charles McCauley, Natalie Fowlkes, Britton J Grasperge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240785/the-effect-of-urea-on-refractometric-total-protein-measurement-in-dogs-and-cats-with-azotemia
#9
Kelsey P Legendre, Mary Leissinger, Viviana Le Donne, Britton J Grasperge, Stephen D Gaunt
BACKGROUND: While protein is the predominant solute measured in plasma or serum by a refractometer, nonprotein substances also contribute to the angle of refraction. There is debate in the current literature regarding which nonprotein substances cause factitiously high refractometric total protein measurements, as compared to the biuret assay. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine if the blood of azotemic animals, specifically with increased blood urea concentration, will have significantly higher refractometric total protein concentrations compared to the total protein concentrations measured by biuret assay...
February 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195654/what-is-your-diagnosis-blood-film-from-a-green-turtle-chelonia-mydas
#10
Nicole I Stacy, Melissa Ranly, Craig Pelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195650/cell-tube-block-a-new-technique-to-produce-cell-blocks-from-fluid-cytology-samples
#11
Ricardo Marcos, Marta Santos, Carla Marrinhas, Mario Caniatti
BACKGROUND: Cell blocks are widely used in human cytopathology. Several techniques have been proposed to convert fluid specimens into solid material, which after embedding in paraffin can be used for histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, or molecular testing. In contrast, only in the last few years, have cell blocks begun to be used in the veterinary field. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to present the production and features of cell tube blocks (CTB) with veterinary liquid samples...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195641/clinical-pathology-of-amphibians-a-review
#12
REVIEW
María J Forzán, Jill Heatley, Karen E Russell, Barbara Horney
Amphibian declines and extinctions have worsened in the last 2 decades. Partly because one of the main causes of the declines is infectious disease, veterinary professionals have increasingly become involved in amphibian research, captive husbandry, and management. Health evaluation of amphibians, free-living or captive, can benefit from employing the tools of clinical pathology, something that is commonly used in veterinary medicine of other vertebrates. The present review compiles what is known of amphibian clinical pathology emphasizing knowledge that may assist with the interpretation of laboratory results, provides diagnostic recommendations for common amphibian diseases, and includes RIs for a few amphibian species estimated based on peer-reviewed studies...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186653/progression-of-cutaneous-plasmacytoma-to-plasma-cell-leukemia-in-a-dog
#13
Emily D Rout, Alba Maria M Shank, Angharad H K Waite, Andrea Siegel, Anne C Avery, Paul R Avery
A 5-year-old male neutered Bernese Mountain Dog was presented for cutaneous plasmacytoma, which was treated by surgical excision. Four months later, the dog developed multiple skin masses, hyphema, pericardial and mild bicavitary effusions, myocardial masses, and marked plasmacytosis in the peripheral blood. Circulating plasma cells expressed CD34 and MHC class II by flow cytometry. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that these cells were strongly positive for multiple myeloma oncogene 1/interferon regulatory factor 4 (MUM-1) and weakly to moderately positive for Pax5...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186651/rapid-immunocytochemistry-for-the-detection-of-cytokeratin-and-vimentin-assessment-of-its-diagnostic-value-in-neoplastic-diseases-of-dogs
#14
Mariko Sawa, Mayuko Inoue, Akira Yabuki, Moeko Kohyama, Noriaki Miyoshi, Asuka Setoguchi, Osamu Yamato
BACKGROUND: Immunocytochemistry (ICC) is an advanced diagnostic technique used in the field of veterinary cytology. We recently developed a rapid ICC method for the detection of cytokeratin and vimentin in dogs, which helps to determine whether tumor cells are of epithelial or nonepithelial origin. However, the diagnostic value of this rapid ICC method in neoplastic diseases of dogs has not been assessed yet. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of rapid ICC compared to standard immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186645/occult-gastrointestinal-bleeding-is-a-common-finding-in-dogs-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Leandro Z Crivellenti, Sofia Borin-Crivellenti, Kristi L Fertal, Catarina M Contin, Caroline M J Miranda, Aureo E Santana
BACKGROUND: The risk of occult gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) is known to be increased among human dialysis patients suffering from end-stage renal disease. However, there are no studies to date that investigate the incidence of OGIB in either dogs or people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of dialysis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine whether the incidence of OGIB is greater in dogs with CKD as compared to a control population, and if this pathology is associated with changes in serum variables related to iron metabolism...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165632/comparison-of-3-options-for-choosing-control-limits-in-biochemistry-testing
#16
Simone Manzocchi, Erika Furman, Kathleen Freeman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of statistical quality control (QC) is to provide peace of mind with regard to the production of results that are suitable for analytically sound clinical interpretation and making reliable decisions about patient diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared 3 options for choosing control limits for biochemistry testing. They focus on the probability of error detection (Ped) and probability of false rejection (Pfr) achievable for a veterinary biochemical analyzer using the following 3 combinations: the quality control material (QCM) manufacturer's acceptable ranges; a standard 12s rule customized for the instrument's observed performance; and candidate rules selected for the instrument's observed performance using a computerized program (EZrules)...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165630/what-is-your-diagnosis-vertebral-mass-in-a-cat
#17
Antonio Meléndez-Lazo, Carlos Ros, Cristian de la Fuente, Sonia Añor, Francisco Fernández-Flores, Josep Pastor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165629/renal-biochemistry-variables-and-ultrasonographic-imaging-in-healthy-squirrel-monkeys-saimiri-collinsi
#18
Fernanda Luiza de Miranda Lins E Lins, Pedro Mayor, Ednaldo Silva Filho, Aline Amaral Imbeloni, Wellington Bandeira da Silva, Maria Vivina Barros Monteiro, Diana Célia Sousa Nunes-Pinheiro, Frederico Ozanan Barros Monteiro
BACKGROUND: The combined use of renal biochemistry and ultrasonographic imaging may improve the correct management of renal disease. Although renal disease is frequently observed in nonhuman primates, renal function markers have not yet been studied in Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri collinsi). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish normal renal biochemistry variables and ultrasonographic features in Squirrel monkeys. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Renal biochemistry variables and ultrasonographic images were documented in 29 healthy Squirrel monkeys (15 males and 14 females)...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165627/studies-of-instrument-method-comparison-as-part-of-validation-for-use-in-veterinary-species
#19
EDITORIAL
Kathleen P Freeman, Bente Flatland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165625/what-is-your-diagnosis-mass-on-the-foot-of-a-duck
#20
Julie Piccione, Laura K Bryan, Sharman Hoppes, Gwendolyn J Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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