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Veterinary Clinical Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195654/what-is-your-diagnosis-blood-film-from-a-green-turtle-chelonia-mydas
#1
Nicole I Stacy, Melissa Ranly, Craig Pelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195650/cell-tube-block-a-new-technique-to-produce-cell-blocks-from-fluid-cytology-samples
#2
Ricardo Marcos, Marta Santos, Carla Marrinhas, Mario Caniatti
BACKGROUND: Cell blocks are widely used in human cytopathology. Several techniques have been proposed to convert fluid specimens into solid material, which after embedding in paraffin can be used for histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, or molecular testing. In contrast, only in the last few years, have cell blocks begun to be used in the veterinary field. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to present the production and features of cell tube blocks (CTB) with veterinary liquid samples...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195648/hematology-and-biochemistry-of-aging-evidence-of-anemia-of-the-elderly-in-old-dogs
#3
Lauren B Radakovich, Stephen C Pannone, Matthew P Truelove, Christine S Olver, Kelly S Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Effects of aging on hematologic and biochemical variables are well described in people. Anemia of the elderly is attributed to iron deficiency, anemia of chronic disease, chronic kidney disease, myelodysplasia, or idiopathic causes. Limited studies have examined these variables in aging dogs, but they have typically examined single breeds in research settings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify differences in CBC and biochemistry values between adult and aged dogs of many breeds...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195641/clinical-pathology-of-amphibians-a-review
#4
REVIEW
María J Forzán, Jill Heatley, Karen E Russell, Barbara Horney
Amphibian declines and extinctions have worsened in the last 2 decades. Partly because one of the main causes of the declines is infectious disease, veterinary professionals have increasingly become involved in amphibian research, captive husbandry, and management. Health evaluation of amphibians, free-living or captive, can benefit from employing the tools of clinical pathology, something that is commonly used in veterinary medicine of other vertebrates. The present review compiles what is known of amphibian clinical pathology emphasizing knowledge that may assist with the interpretation of laboratory results, provides diagnostic recommendations for common amphibian diseases, and includes RIs for a few amphibian species estimated based on peer-reviewed studies...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186653/progression-of-cutaneous-plasmacytoma-to-plasma-cell-leukemia-in-a-dog
#5
Emily D Rout, Alba Maria M Shank, Angharad H K Waite, Andrea Siegel, Anne C Avery, Paul R Avery
A 5-year-old male neutered Bernese Mountain Dog was presented for cutaneous plasmacytoma, which was treated by surgical excision. Four months later, the dog developed multiple skin masses, hyphema, pericardial and mild bicavitary effusions, myocardial masses, and marked plasmacytosis in the peripheral blood. Circulating plasma cells expressed CD34 and MHC class II by flow cytometry. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that these cells were strongly positive for multiple myeloma oncogene 1/interferon regulatory factor 4 (MUM-1) and weakly to moderately positive for Pax5...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186651/rapid-immunocytochemistry-for-the-detection-of-cytokeratin-and-vimentin-assessment-of-its-diagnostic-value-in-neoplastic-diseases-of-dogs
#6
Mariko Sawa, Mayuko Inoue, Akira Yabuki, Moeko Kohyama, Noriaki Miyoshi, Asuka Setoguchi, Osamu Yamato
BACKGROUND: Immunocytochemistry (ICC) is an advanced diagnostic technique used in the field of veterinary cytology. We recently developed a rapid ICC method for the detection of cytokeratin and vimentin in dogs, which helps to determine whether tumor cells are of epithelial or nonepithelial origin. However, the diagnostic value of this rapid ICC method in neoplastic diseases of dogs has not been assessed yet. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of rapid ICC compared to standard immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186645/occult-gastrointestinal-bleeding-is-a-common-finding-in-dogs-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Leandro Z Crivellenti, Sofia Borin-Crivellenti, Kristi L Fertal, Catarina M Contin, Caroline M J Miranda, Aureo E Santana
BACKGROUND: The risk of occult gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) is known to be increased among human dialysis patients suffering from end-stage renal disease. However, there are no studies to date that investigate the incidence of OGIB in either dogs or people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of dialysis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine whether the incidence of OGIB is greater in dogs with CKD as compared to a control population, and if this pathology is associated with changes in serum variables related to iron metabolism...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165632/comparison-of-3-options-for-choosing-control-limits-in-biochemistry-testing
#8
Simone Manzocchi, Erika Furman, Kathleen Freeman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of statistical quality control (QC) is to provide peace of mind with regard to the production of results that are suitable for analytically sound clinical interpretation and making reliable decisions about patient diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared 3 options for choosing control limits for biochemistry testing. They focus on the probability of error detection (Ped) and probability of false rejection (Pfr) achievable for a veterinary biochemical analyzer using the following 3 combinations: the quality control material (QCM) manufacturer's acceptable ranges; a standard 12s rule customized for the instrument's observed performance; and candidate rules selected for the instrument's observed performance using a computerized program (EZrules)...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165630/what-is-your-diagnosis-vertebral-mass-in-a-cat
#9
Antonio Meléndez-Lazo, Carlos Ros, Cristian de la Fuente, Sonia Añor, Francisco Fernández-Flores, Josep Pastor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165629/renal-biochemistry-variables-and-ultrasonographic-imaging-in-healthy-squirrel-monkeys-saimiri-collinsi
#10
Fernanda Luiza de Miranda Lins E Lins, Pedro Mayor, Ednaldo Silva Filho, Aline Amaral Imbeloni, Wellington Bandeira da Silva, Maria Vivina Barros Monteiro, Diana Célia Sousa Nunes-Pinheiro, Frederico Ozanan Barros Monteiro
BACKGROUND: The combined use of renal biochemistry and ultrasonographic imaging may improve the correct management of renal disease. Although renal disease is frequently observed in nonhuman primates, renal function markers have not yet been studied in Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri collinsi). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish normal renal biochemistry variables and ultrasonographic features in Squirrel monkeys. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Renal biochemistry variables and ultrasonographic images were documented in 29 healthy Squirrel monkeys (15 males and 14 females)...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165627/studies-of-instrument-method-comparison-as-part-of-validation-for-use-in-veterinary-species
#11
EDITORIAL
Kathleen P Freeman, Bente Flatland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165625/what-is-your-diagnosis-mass-on-the-foot-of-a-duck
#12
Julie Piccione, Laura K Bryan, Sharman Hoppes, Gwendolyn J Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160310/acute-phase-proteins-response-in-cats-naturally-infected-with-hepatozoon-felis-and-babesia-vogeli
#13
Hugo Vilhena, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, José J Cerón, Lisete Vieira, Josep Pastor, Ana C Silvestre-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The measurement of acute phase proteins (APP) is being increasingly used in human and veterinary medicine in diagnosis, prognosis, treatment monitoring, and in general health screening. However, information about the APP response in cats infected with agents of vector-borne diseases is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the concentrations of serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin (Hp), and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) in cats naturally infected with Hepatozoon felis and Babesia vogeli...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152184/analytic-and-quality-control-validation-and-assessment-of-field-performance-of-a-point-of-care-chemistry-analyzer-for-use-in-the-white-rhinoceros
#14
Emma H Hooijberg, Gerhard Steenkamp, Jacques P du Preez, Amelia Goddard
BACKGROUND: A chemistry point-of-care analyzer would be useful for evaluating injured wildlife, particularly White rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) that survive poaching attempts. The IDEXX VetTest could be suitable, but species-specific validation, development of a statistical quality control (QC) strategy, and evaluation under field conditions are necessary. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) validate the VetTest for the White rhinoceros, (2) perform QC validation on the VetTest and generate a statistical QC strategy, and (3) apply this QC strategy to monitor performance under typical field conditions...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125171/prevalence-of-increased-canine-pancreas-specific-lipase-concentrations-in-young-dogs-with-parvovirus-enteritis
#15
Irida V Kalli, Katerina K Adamama-Moraitou, Michael N Patsika, Dimitra Pardali, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski, George Menexes, Georgia D Brellou, Timoleon S Rallis
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic abnormalities during canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis have not been studied prospectively. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic significance of canine serum pancreas-specific lipase (Spec cPL) concentration in dogs with CPV enteritis for the presence of acute pancreatitis (AP). Puppies with naturally occurring CPV enteritis were recruited and prospectively allocated into 2 groups according to normal or increased serum Spec cPL concentration...
January 26, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117903/cytology-of-the-healthy-canine-and-feline-ocular-surface-comparison-between-cytobrush-and-impression-technique
#16
Anna Perazzi, Federico Bonsembiante, Maria Elena Gelain, Marco Patruno, Enzo Di Iorio, Angelo Migliorati, Ilaria Iacopetti
BACKGROUND: Impression cytology (IC) is a noninvasive technique in which filters are used to sample superficial layers of ocular epithelium. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare cytology specimens obtained by IC and cytobrush from healthy canine and feline eyes. METHODS: Dogs and cats were prospectively sampled using polytetrafluorethylene filters on the right eye, and cytobrush on the left eye. Wright-Giemsa-stained specimens were evaluated by 2 observers...
January 24, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112826/analysis-of-synovial-fluid-of-the-capybara-s-stifle-joints
#17
Giovanna C Brombini, Sheila C Rahal, Bruno C S Bergamini, Raimundo S Lopes, Ivan F C Santos, Bruno C Schimming
BACKGROUND: Although normal synovial fluid has been well characterized in domestic animals such as dogs, cats, horses, and cows, the available information on larger rodents is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to analyze the physical, chemical, and cytologic characteristics of the synovial fluid in stifle joints of Capybaras. METHODS: Five free-ranging adult female Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris), weighing from 37 to 56 kg were used...
January 23, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112809/what-is-your-diagnosis-bicavitary-effusion-in-a-horse
#18
Jill T Schappa, Christina A Foutz, Erik J Olson, Anibal G Armien, Christie Ward, Leslie C Sharkey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094852/the-fluorescent-foible-of-heinz-bodies
#19
Melinda S Camus, Bridget C Garner, Corry K Yeuroukis, Alvin C Camus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085207/serum-creatine-kinase-isoenzymes-and-macroenzymes-in-dogs-with-different-neurologic-diseases
#20
Saverio Paltrinieri, Laura Pintore, Federica Balducci, Alessia Giordano, Annaluce Costabile, Marco Bernardini
BACKGROUND: Increased serum activity of CK isoenzymes and macroenzymes, and in particular of the brain isoenzyme (CK-BB) has been reported in dogs with central nervous system (CNS) disorders. However, no studies on the possible differences in serum activities of CK iso- or macroenzymes (Macro-CK1 and Macro-CK2) in different neurologic diseases are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the electrophoretic distribution of CK iso- and macroenzymes in dogs with CNS disorders in order to assess whether this distribution depends on a specific neurologic disease...
January 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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