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Veterinary Clinical Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880026/the-cryptic-cryptococcus
#1
Ricardo Marcos, Fernanda Malhão, Joana Santos, Sara Marques, Gertrude Thompson, Marta Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874969/idiopathic-myelofibrosis-accompanied-by-peritoneal-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-presenting-as-refractory-ascites-in-a-dog
#2
Yolandi Rautenbach, Amelia Goddard, Sarah J Clift
A 2.5-year-old spayed female American Pit Bull Terrier dog presented with a primary complaint of chronic refractory ascites. The dog's CBC displayed a moderate to severe macrocytic, hypochromic, nonregenerative anemia, and a moderate leukopenia as result of a moderate neutropenia and monocytopenia. Microscopic examination of the blood smear showed marked anisocytosis, mild polychromasia, mild acanthocytosis and ovalocytosis, moderate schistocytosis and poikilocytosis, and 4 metarubricytes/100 WBC. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a homogenous, mild to moderately hyperechoic appearing liver as well as marked amounts of speckled anechoic to slightly hypoechoic peritoneal fluid...
November 22, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870110/the-hematology-of-captive-bobtail-lizards-tiliqua-rugosa-blood-counts-light-microscopy-cytochemistry-and-ultrastructure
#3
Cheryl A Moller, Tibor Gaál, Jennifer N Mills
INTRODUCTION: Bobtail lizards (Tiliqua rugosa) are native to Australia. The only previous study on the hematology of this species documented just 6 animals. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to characterize the light microscopy, ultrastructure and cytochemistry of blood cells, and evaluate CBCs of captive Bobtail lizards. METHODS: Over 2 consecutive summers, heparinized venous blood was collected from the ventral coccygeal vein of 46 clinically healthy, captive indoor- or outdoor-housed adult Bobtails...
November 21, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870071/eosinophilic-meningomyelitis-associated-with-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-cat
#4
Kathryn Y Bray, Karen R Muñana, Kristina Meichner, Laura A White, Gabriela Seiler
A 12-year-old cat was presented for evaluation of progressive tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine demonstrated T2-hyperintensity, and contrast enhancement within the C4-C7 spinal cord, with marked meningeal contrast enhancement and segmental nerve root thickening. Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid contained 407 total nucleated cells/μL, with 99% eosinophils. The cat transiently improved with prednisolone, clindamycin, and ivermectin therapy, but subsequently worsened and was euthanized...
November 21, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870070/what-is-your-diagnosis-skin-scraping-from-a-hellbender
#5
Allison Dusick, Bente Flatland, Linden Craig, Sylvia Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870069/suspected-myelodysplastic-myeloproliferative-neoplasm-in-a-feline-leukemia-virus-negative-cat
#6
Amy L Weeden, Kyle R Taylor, Scott P Terrell, Alexander E Gallagher, Heather L Wamsley
A 10-year-old castrated Domestic Short-Haired cat was presented to a primary care veterinarian for a wellness examination and laboratory examination for monitoring of diabetes mellitus. The CBC revealed marked thrombocytosis, leukopenia and macrocytic, normochromic anemia. The cat tested negative for FeLV and feline immunodeficiency virus, but was positive for Mycoplasma haemominutum by PCR. Hematologic abnormalities were not responsive to therapy, so a repeat CBC and a bone marrow aspiration for cytology were performed...
November 21, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859449/cytocentrifuge-preparation-in-veterinary-cytology-a-quick-simple-and-affordable-manual-method-to-concentrate-low-cellularity-fluids
#7
Ricardo Marcos, Marta Santos, Carla Marrinhas, Carla Correia-Gomes, Mario Caniatti
BACKGROUND: Smears prepared by cytocentrifugation, the so-called cytospins, are widely used in human and veterinary cytology. However, the high cost has hampered the availability of commercial cytospin centrifuges in some veterinary clinics and laboratories. Nevertheless, cytospins are important for evaluating fluids with very low cellularity such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to devise and test the use of a low-cost, in-house manual cytocentrifuge to obtain cytospin preparations...
November 9, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805734/what-is-your-diagnosis-pulmonary-mass-in-a-dog
#8
Nicole L Young, Ruth A Houseright, Cecilia S Robat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805727/reference-intervals-for-biochemical-blood-variables-packed-cell-volume-and-body-temperature-in-pet-rats-rattus-norvegicus-using-point-of-care-testing
#9
Anneleen Houtmeyers, Luc Duchateau, Bettina Grünewald, Katleen Hermans
BACKGROUND: Rats (Rattus norvegicus) are increasingly kept as pets, thus more and more requiring veterinary care. Important differences exist between pet and laboratory rats, but little information is available on pet rats. Diagnosis and treatment of pet rat diseases would benefit from RIs specific for this animal population. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish RIs for biochemical blood variables, PCV, and body temperature in pet rats. Additionally, influences of sex and feed rationing method (ad libitum, restricted) on these variables were determined...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805725/laboratory-tests-for-diagnosing-and-monitoring-canine-leishmaniasis
#10
REVIEW
Saverio Paltrinieri, Luigi Gradoni, Xavier Roura, Andrea Zatelli, Eric Zini
Although several reviews on canine leishmaniasis have been published, none thoroughly described clinicopathologic abnormalities and their clinical usefulness. The aim of this review was to provide information concerning current diagnostic tests relevant for clinical pathologists and from a practical perspective. Specifically, in canine leishmaniasis, nonregenerative normocytic normochromic anemia, thrombocytopenia, or leukogram changes may be present. Clinical chemistry and urinalysis may indicate renal dysfunction (azotemia, decreased urine specific gravity, proteinuria) and an inflammatory/immune response (increased acute phase proteins [APP] or α2 - and/or γ-globulins)...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787912/intranuclear-inclusions-in-a-dog-with-b-cell-leukemia
#11
Daiki Kato, Masashi Takahashi, Tomoyuki Harada, Masaya Tsuboi, Kazuyuki Uchida, Kenjiro Fukushima, Hideyuki Kanemoto, Yasuhito Fujino, Koichi Ohno, Hiroyuki Nakayama, Hajime Tsujimoto
A 7-year-old Shetland Sheepdog was presented with anorexia. A CBC indicated thrombocytopenia and neutropenia. Bone marrow cytology revealed that 67.7% of all nucleated cells (ANC) were anaplastic large mononuclear cells. These cells were confirmed to be of B-cell origin based on IgH rearrangement, immunohistochemical, and flow cytometric analysis. Microscopic examination revealed that the neoplastic cells had intranuclear inclusions resembling Dutcher bodies. Immunohistochemistry confirmed that the intranuclear inclusions were immunopositive for IgG antibodies...
October 27, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787899/what-is-your-diagnosis-liver-from-a-cow
#12
Mauren P Emanuelli, Alfredo Q Antoniazzi, Marcelo S Cecim, Rafael A Fighera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774632/what-is-your-diagnosis-peritoneal-effusion-in-a-10-year-old-horse
#13
Philippa Jane McLaren, Natasha A Jocelyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774622/what-is-your-diagnosis-squash-preparation-from-the-lung-of-a-hedgehog
#14
Simone Manzocchi, Luigi Venco, Angela Di Cesare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764534/what-is-your-diagnosis-nasal-cavity-imprint-from-a-dog
#15
Simone Manzocchi, Eleonora Spiranelli, Walter Bertazzolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755776/marked-subcutaneous-mast-cell-and-eosinophilic-infiltration-associated-with-the-presence-of-multiple-dirofilaria-repens-microfilariae-in-4-dogs
#16
Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Michal Reich, Adva Karnieli, Sharon Kuzi, Itamar Aroch
Dirofilaria repens is a parasitic nematode in the subcutaneous tissue of carnivores, including dogs and cats, transmitted by mosquitoes. Human beings may be accidental hosts. Infection of a dog with D repens was first reported in Palestine in 1934, and 2 additional cases were reported in dogs in Israel to date. This report describes D repens infection in 4 dogs in Israel that presented with subcutaneous masses, which were cytologically characterized by marked mast cell and eosinophil infiltration. In 3 cases, multiple microfilariae were present in the lesions; rare microfilariae were present in the 4(th) case...
October 18, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755775/spurious-reticulocyte-profiles-in-a-dog-with-babesiosis
#17
Laetitia Piane, Marie-Laure Théron, Marcel Aumann, Catherine Trumel
A 9-year-old, female Maltese dog was referred to the Veterinary School of Toulouse with a 2-day history of anorexia and weakness. On clinical examination, the dog had hyperthermia (39.7°C), abdominal discomfort, and polypnea. Significant laboratory findings included pigmenturia, hyperbilirubinemia, hypercreatininemia, hyperfibrinogenemia, abnormal Snap canine pancreas-specific lipase, and pancytopenia with a nonregenerative anemia. A peripheral blood smear revealed numerous intraerythrocytic large Babesia but no polychromasia...
October 18, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755675/nodular-granulomatous-glossitis-as-the-sole-clinical-sign-in-canine-leishmaniosis
#18
Melpomeni K Tangalidi, Ioannis L Oikonomidis, Dimitra Psalla, Serafim Papadimitriou, Maria Kritsepi-Konstantinou, Mathios E Mylonakis
A 5.5-year-old, intact male Rottweiler dog was admitted with a history of multifocal nodular tongue lesions which progressively deteriorated during the previous year. Physical examination revealed several reddish nodules with central depression on the surface of the tongue in an otherwise healthy dog. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included eosinophilia and hyperproteinemia. Lingual nodule cytopathology, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry revealed Leishmania spp. amastigotes and a severe granulomatous glossitis...
October 18, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755651/stability-of-osmolality-in-previously-frozen-canine-serum-and-urine-samples
#19
Jennifer M Reinhart, Brad J White, Lisa M Pohlman, Thomas Schermerhorn
BACKGROUND: The measurement of osmolality is of interest in several clinical conditions and has been investigated in multiple veterinary studies. However, the stability of osmolality over time in frozen canine serum and urine has not been established. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the stability of osmolality in canine serum and urine stored frozen at -20°C and -80°C up to 90 days, and to assess the effect of storage temperature on osmolality measurement...
October 18, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748965/acute-phase-proteins-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-the-giant-kidney-worm-dioctophyme-renale
#20
Elizabeth M S Schmidt, Mads Kjelgaard-Hansen, Funmilola Thomas, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, José J Cerón, P David Eckersall
BACKGROUND: Dioctophyme renale is a nematode parasite of dogs, usually found in the right kidney, causing severe damage to the renal parenchyma. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the acute phase response in dogs naturally infected with this Giant Kidney Worm and the possible effects of nephrectomy on circulating concentrations of select acute phase proteins (APP) such as serum amyloid A (SAA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and haptoglobin (HP). METHODS: Nephrectomy was performed in infected dogs and the worms were collected for identification...
October 17, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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