journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770916/the-independence-of-medical-ethics
#1
Johan Brännmark
This paper discusses the relation between medical ethics and general moral theory, the argument being that medical ethics is best seen as independent from general moral theory. According to this independence thesis, here explicated in terms of what is called a disunitarian stance, the very idea of applied ethics, which is often seen as underlying medical ethics (as well as many other more specific fields of ethics), is misguided. We should instead think of medical ethics as a domain-specific ethical inquiry among other domain-specific ethical inquiries...
May 16, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744659/trust-in-healthcare-and-science
#2
EDITORIAL
Henk Ten Have, Bert Gordijn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740744/engagement-and-practical-wisdom-in-clinical-practice-a-phenomenological-study
#3
Michael Saraga, Donald Boudreau, Abraham Fuks
In order to understand the lived experiences of physicians in clinical practice, we interviewed eleven expert, respected clinicians using a phenomenological interpretative methodology. We identified the essence of clinical practice as engagement. Engagement accounts for the daily routine of clinical work, as well as the necessity for the clinician to sometimes trespass common boundaries or limits. Personally engaged in the clinical situation, the clinician is able to create a space/time bubble within which the clinical encounter can unfold...
May 8, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705970/-i-would-rather-have-it-done-by-a-doctor-laypeople-s-perceptions-of-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-dtc-gt-and-its-ethical-implications
#4
Manuel Schaper, Sabine Wöhlke, Silke Schicktanz
Direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DTC GT) has been available for several years now, with varying degrees of regulation across different countries. Despite a restrictive legal framework it is possible for consumers to order genetic tests from companies located in other countries. However, German laypeople's awareness and perceptions of DTC GT services is still unexplored. We conducted seven focus groups (participants n = 43) with German laypeople to explore their perceptions of and attitudes towards commercial genetic testing and its ethical implications...
April 28, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667122/the-gene-editing-of-super-ego
#5
Bjørn Hofmann
New emerging biotechnologies, such as gene editing, vastly extend our ability to alter the human being. This comes together with strong aspirations to improve humans not only physically, but also mentally, morally, and socially. These conjoined ambitions aggregate to what can be labelled "the gene editing of super-ego." This article investigates a general way used to argue for new biotechnologies, such as gene-editing: if it is safe and efficacious to implement technology X for the purpose of a common good Y, why should we not do so? This is a rhetorical question with a conditional, and may be dismissed as such...
April 17, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605885/what-it-means-to-care-for-a-person-with-a-chronic-disease-integrating-the-patient-s-experience-into-the-medical-viewpoint
#6
EDITORIAL
Marie Gaille
In this contribution, we intend to shed light on the challenges involved in the requirement for greater medical attention to the meaning of chronic illness for the person affected by it. Two philosophical approaches dating from the twentieth century, hermeneutics and phenomenology, are especially pertinent to this questioning about the meaning of chronic illness for the patient. After making a clear distinction between merely listening to the patient in order to improve diagnosis and treatment and applying interest to the actual meaning of the disease for the person who has it (I), our contribution presents the ideas of H...
March 31, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594889/lost-in-culturation-medical-informed-consent-in-china-from-a-western-perspective
#7
Vera Lúcia Raposo
Although Chinese law imposes informed consent for medical treatments, the Chinese understanding of this requirement is very different from the European one, mostly due to the influence of Confucianism. Chinese doctors and relatives are primarily interested in protecting the patient, even from the truth; thus, patients are commonly uninformed of their medical conditions, often at the family's request. The family plays an important role in health care decisions, even substituting their decisions for the patient's...
March 28, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569136/how-to-clarify-the-aims-of-empathy-in-medicine
#8
Riana J Betzler
This paper argues that enthusiasm for empathy has grown to the point at which empathy has taken on the status of an "ideal" in modern medicine. We need to pause and scrutinize this ideal before moving forward with empathy training programs for medical students. Taking empathy as an ideal obscures the distinction between the multiple aims that calls for empathy seek to achieve. While these aims may work together, they also come apart and yield different recommendations about the sort of behavior physicians should cultivate in a given situation...
March 22, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560603/consumer-driven-and-commercialised-practice-in-dentistry-an-ethical-and-professional-problem
#9
A C L Holden
The rise and persistence of a commercial model of healthcare and the potential shift towards the commodification of dental services, provided to consumers, should provoke thought about the nature and purpose of dentistry and whether this paradigm is cause for concern. Within this article, whether dentistry is a commodity and the legitimacy of dentistry as a business is explored and assessed. Dentistry is perceived to be a commodity, dependent upon the context of how services are to be provided and the interpretation of the patient-professional relationship...
March 20, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560602/science-fiction-and-human-enhancement-radical-life-extension-in-the-movie-in-time-2011
#10
Johann A R Roduit, Tobias Eichinger, Walter Glannon
The ethics of human enhancement has been a hotly debated topic in the last 15 years. In this debate, some advocate examining science fiction stories to elucidate the ethical issues regarding the current phenomenon of human enhancement. Stories from science fiction seem well suited to analyze biomedical advances, providing some possible case studies. Of particular interest is the work of screenwriter Andrew Niccol (Gattaca, S1m0ne, In Time, and Good Kill), which often focuses on ethical questions raised by the use of new technologies...
March 20, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497890/experience-adjusted-life-years-and-critical-medical-allocations-within-the-british-context-which-patient-should-live
#11
REVIEW
Michal Pruski
Medical resource allocation is a controversial topic, because in the end it prioritises some peoples' medical problems over those of others. This is less controversial when there is a clear clinical reason for such a prioritisation, but when such a reason is not available people might perceive it as deeming certain individuals more important than others. This article looks at the role of social utility in medical resource allocation, in a situation where the clinical outcome would be identical if either person received the treatment...
March 1, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468371/prenatal-parental-designing-of-children-and-the-problem-of-acceptance
#12
David A Jensen
Seemingly ever improving medical technology and techniques portend the possibility of prenatally enhancing otherwise healthy, normal children-seamlessly enhancing or adding to a child's natural abilities and characteristics. Though parents normally engage in enhancing children, i.e., child rearing, these technologies present radically new possibilities. This sort of enhancement, I argue, is morally problematic for the parent: the expectations of the enhancing parent necessarily conflict with attitudes of acceptance that moral parenting requires...
February 21, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264707/the-trilemma-of-designing-international-bioethics-curricula
#13
EDITORIAL
Bert Gordijn, Henk Ten Have
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127644/erasmus-mundus-master-of-bioethics-a-case-for-an-effective-model-for-international-bioethics-education
#14
Jan Piasecki, Kevin Dirksen, Hamilton Inbadas
Designing bioethics curriculum for international postgraduate students is a challenging task. There are at least two main questions, which have to be resolved in advance: (1) what is a purpose of a particular teaching program and (2) how to respectfully arrange a classroom for students coming from different cultural and professional backgrounds. In our paper we analyze the case of the Erasmus Mundus Master of Bioethics program and provide recommendations for international bioethics education. In our opinion teaching bioethics to postgraduate international students goes beyond curriculum...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755143/relational-autonomy-in-informed-consent-raic-as-an-ethics-of-care-approach-to-the-concept-of-informed-consent
#15
Peter I Osuji
The perspectives of the dominant Western ethical theories, have dominated the concepts of autonomy and informed consent for many years. Recently this dominant understanding has been challenged by ethics of care which, although, also emanates from the West presents a more nuanced concept: relational autonomy, which is more faithful to our human experience. By paying particular attention to relational autonomy, particularity and Process approach to ethical deliberations in ethics of care, this paper seeks to construct a concept of informed consent from the perspective of ethics of care which is here called relational autonomy-in-informed consent (RAIC)...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752416/the-particularity-of-dignity-relational-engagement-in-care-at-the-end-of-life
#16
Jeannette Pols, Bernike Pasveer, Dick Willems
This paper articulates dignity as relational engagement in concrete care situations. Dignity is often understood as an abstract principle that represents inherent worth of all human beings. In actual care practices, this principle has to be substantiated in order to gain meaning and inform care activities. We describe three exemplary substantiations of the principle of dignity in care: as a state or characteristic of a situation; as a way to differentiate between socio-cultural positions; or as personal meaning...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710655/about-the-right-to-be-ill
#17
Jacek Halasz
The article raises the issue of 'the right to be ill', formulated by Tadeusz Kielanowski, a Polish physician and humanist. According to him, the right to health should be supplemented by the principle which would serve the protection of people with diseases or disabilities. One-sided interpretation of 'the right to health' may result in various forms of intolerance and discrimination. This paper presents what dangers Kielanowski recognized and explains why his approach was considered to be a novelty; what the idea of 'the right to be ill' is, how the need for it is substantiated...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674939/the-care-dialog-the-ethics-of-care-approach-and-its-importance-for-clinical-ethics-consultation
#18
Patrick Schuchter, Andreas Heller
Ethics consultation in institutions of the healthcare system has been given a standard form based on three pillars: education, the development of guidelines and concrete ethics consultation in case conferences. The spread of ethics committees, which perform these tasks on an organizational level, is a remarkable historic achievement. At the same time it cannot be denied that modern ethics consultation neglects relevant aspects of care ethics approaches. In our essay we present an "ethics of care" approach as well as an empirical pilot project-"Ethics from the bottom up"-which organizes ethics consultation based on this focus...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669129/assumptions-and-moral-understanding-of-the-wish-to-hasten-death-a-philosophical-review-of-qualitative-studies
#19
Andrea Rodríguez-Prat, Evert van Leeuwen
It is not uncommon for patients with advanced disease to express a wish to hasten death (WTHD). Qualitative studies of the WTHD have found that such a wish may have different meanings, none of which can be understood outside of the patient's personal and sociocultural background, or which necessarily imply taking concrete steps to ending one's life. The starting point for the present study was a previous systematic review of qualitative studies of the WTHD in advanced patients. Here we analyse in greater detail the statements made by patients included in that review in order to examine their moral understandings and representations of illness, the dying process and death...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669128/phenomenology-of-pregnancy-and-the-ethics-of-abortion
#20
Fredrik Svenaeus
In this article I investigate the ways in which phenomenology could guide our views on the rights and/or wrongs of abortion. To my knowledge very few phenomenologists have directed their attention toward this issue, although quite a few have strived to better understand and articulate the strongly related themes of pregnancy and birth, most often in the context of feminist philosophy. After introducing the ethical and political contemporary debate concerning abortion, I introduce phenomenology in the context of medicine and the way phenomenologists have understood the human body to be lived and experienced by its owner...
March 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
journal
journal
33141
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"