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Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743788/summer-heat-making-a-consistent-health-impact
#1
Anil K Agarwal, Shatkratu Dwivedi, Ahirwar Ghanshyam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743787/acute-lung-injury-after-exposure-to-fumes-of-pickling-paste-in-a-fabrication-worker
#2
S Bavikar Purva, K Dattarai More
Pickling paste is used for cleaning stainless steel weld seam heat marks. It is a mixture of hydrofluoric acid (HF) and nitric acid (HNO3 ) with surfactants and inhibitors. The substance is corrosive, toxic, and irritant. Air respirator and half mask air filter covering nose and mouth are mandatory before handling the pickling paste. This is a case report of a 28-year-old male complaining of sudden onset dyspnea at rest after accidental inhalation of pickling paste fumes. The patient developed acute lung injury and subsequently acute respiratory distress syndrome and was treated with noninvasive ventilation, steroids, and other supportive treatment...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743786/awareness-of-occupational-hazards-and-associated-factors-among-automobile-repair-artisans-in-kathmandu-metropolitan-city-nepal
#3
Sujan B Marahatta, Sanju Gautam, Grish Paudel, Uday N Yadav
Background: An occupational hazard contributes to severe health problems among workers due to unhygienic conditions and lack of safety at the workplace. Economic growth and productivity can be well achieved by promoting health, safety, and improved quality workplace. Aims: To assess the knowledge of occupational hazards, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and the factors associated with awareness on occupational hazards among automobile repair artisans in Kathmandu, Nepal...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743785/effect-of-organic-dust-exposure-on-pulmonary-functions-in-workers-of-vegetable-market-with-special-reference-to-its-microbial-content
#4
Arun Goel, Balram Ji Omar, Rajesh Kathrotia, Prashant M Patil, Sunita Mittal
Context: Wholesale vegetable market is a rich source of generation of organic dust as loads of fruits and vegetables are loaded and unloaded here daily. Thus, regular workers are exposed to this organic dust for a considerable period of time depending on their work schedule. This study was planned to determine the microbial status of organic dust and to explore its association with pulmonary functions in the workers of wholesale vegetable market in Rishikesh. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional exploratory/observational study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743784/high-prevalence-of-chronic-respiratory-symptoms-among-autorickshaw-drivers-of-urban-puducherry-south-india
#5
Peter Stephen, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Rajaram Manju, Karthik B Laksham, Sudalai Subramani, Kanhu Panda, Sonali Sarkar
Context: Auto-rickshaw (three wheelers open cabin type of vehicle) drivers are exposed to traffic air pollution. Studies have demonstrated reduced pulmonary function among drivers. However, limited studies have determined the prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among drivers. Aims: Among auto-rickshaw drivers of urban Puducherry to determine prevalence of (i) chronic respiratory symptoms by using Indian Study on Epidemiology of Asthma, Respiratory Symptoms, and Chronic Bronchitis (INSEARCH) questionnaire and (ii) COPD by measuring peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743783/dental-technicians-pneumoconiosis-illness-behind-a-healthy-smile-case-series-of-a-reference-center-in-turkey
#6
Nur Şafak Alici, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demıral, Arif Çimrin
Background: Dental laboratories include many hazards and risks. Dental technicians working in an unfavorable work environment in Turkey and other parts of the world may develop pneumoconiosis as a result of exposure to dust, depending on exposure time. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and laboratory findings of dental technicians. Materials and Methods: The study consists of a case series. Between 2013 and 2016, a total of 70 who were working as a dental technician and referred to our clinic with suspicion of occupational disease were evaluated...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743782/effect-of-shift-work-on-sleep-health-and-quality-of-life-of-health-care-workers
#7
Evangelia Nena, Maria Katsaouni, Paschalis Steiropoulos, Evangelos Theodorou, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Grigorios Tripsianis
Background: Shift work is associated with sleep disruption, impaired quality of life, and is a risk factor for several health conditions. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of shift work on sleep and quality of life of health-care workers (HCW). Settings: Tertiary University hospital in Greece. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Included were HCW, working either in an irregular shift system or exclusively in morning shifts...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743781/catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-effects-of-out-of-pocket-expenses-a-comparative-study-of-tannery-and-non-tannery-workers-of-kanpur-india
#8
Gyan C Kashyap, Shri K Singh, Santosh K Sharma
Purpose: Treatment-seeking behaviors and economic burden because of health expenditure are widely discussed issues in India, and more so in recent times. The aim of this study is to identify health problems of tannery workers and their treatment-seeking behavior and their health expenditure. Data and Methods: The primary data used in this article were collected through a cross-sectional household survey of 284 male tannery workers in the Jajmau area of Kanpur city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, during January-June 2015...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743780/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-three-ergonomic-risk-assessment-methods-rula-luba-and-nerpa-to-predict-the-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders
#9
Saeid Yazdanirad, Amir Hossein Khoshakhlagh, Ehsanollah Habibi, Asma Zare, Mohammad Zeinodini, Fatemeh Dehghani
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders are a major problem in all jobs. Several methods are available for assessing the exposure to risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders. This study is aimed at comparing three different ergonomic risk assessment methods-rapid upper limb assessment (RULA), loading on the upper body assessment (LUBA), and new ergonomic posture assessment (NERPA) method-to predict upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 210 workers from three different industries including pharmaceutical, automotive, and assembly in the Isfahan province...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743779/hearing-threshold-status-and-risk-estimate-of-hearing-impairment-among-administrative-workforce
#10
Joydeep Majumder, Ramanlal C Patel, Sanjay Kotadiya, Priyanka Shah
Background: Administrative workers working in quieter environment workplace are considered unaffected by noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Aim: To create a baseline data of the administrative workers so as to monitor them with prospective years of exposure with the hypothesis that workers working in the administrative jobs may not be affected by NIHL. Settings and Design: The study was conducted among men and women administrative workers working in an office in Ahmedabad city, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743778/respiratory-morbidity-among-rice-mill-workers-in-an-urban-area-of-burdwan-district-west-bengal-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Madhab Ch Rana, Somnath Naskar, Ramaprasad Roy, Dilip Kr Das, Soumya Das
Background: Rice mill workers constitute a special group from the perspective of occupational health. Unprotected dust exposure among them adversely affects their respiratory health, which needs to be evaluated. Adequate evidence is still lacking in many parts of India including West Bengal. Burdwan is one of the main rice-producing districts in the state with abundant rice mills. Aim: The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence and pattern of respiratory morbidity and associated background characteristics of rice mill workers...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743776/mini-occupational-health-services-for-un-organized-labor-markets-in-india
#13
EDITORIAL
Ganesh K Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618917/improving-workplace-ergonomics-in-corporate-offices-a-comment-on-madhwani-et-al
#14
Saurav Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618916/sewage-pollution-in-water-supply-in-indore
#15
Alifiya Tahir, Aayush Visaria
More than 20% of sewage waste is dumped untreated into Indore's water supply, while 80% of it's sewers are under-utilized or blocked. Such conditions may increase exposure to microbial pathogens and compromise water potability. This article reports an environmental risk assessment of Indore's Khan River based on existing literature, including hazard identification, dose-response and exposure assessment, identification of susceptible populations, risk characterization, and potential community-oriented management and communication approaches...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618915/exploring-the-awareness-regarding-e-waste-and-its-health-hazards-among-the-informal-handlers-in-musheerabad-area-of-hyderabad
#16
Sapna Mishra, B R Shamanna, Srinivasan Kannan
Introduction: Occupational Health hazards of handling and management of electronic waste is a nascent subject. Improper and unscientific handling of e-waste can invite significant human and environmental health risks. Objective: To study the level of awareness about electronic waste and its health hazards amongst informal handlers in Musheerabad, Hyderabad. Methodology: Ethical approval and informed consents were obtained from Institutional Ethical Committee, University of Hyderabad and from the participants respectively before the commencement of study...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618914/in-depth-analysis-of-pattern-of-occupational-injuries-and-utilization-of-safety-measures-among-workers-of-railway-wagon-repair-workshop-in-jhansi-u-p
#17
Shubhanshu Gupta, Anil K Malhotra, Santosh K Verma, Rashmi Yadav
Context: Occupational injuries constitute a global health challenge, yet they receive comparatively modest scientific attention. Pattern of occupational injuries and its safety precautions among wagon repair workers is an important health issue, especially in developing countries like India. Aims: To assess the pattern of occupational injuries and utilization of safety measures among railway wagon repair workshop workers in Jhansi (U.P.). Settings and Design: Railway wagon repair workshop urban area, Jhansi (U...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618913/evaluation-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-postural-stress-of-female-jari-workers
#18
Amitava Pal, Prakash C Dhara
Aims: The present investigation was aimed to assess the postural stress and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the "Jari" (golden thread) workers. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 156 female workers in different areas of the Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, and Howrah districts of West Bengal, India. Materials and Methods: The MSDs of the workers were evaluated by modified Nordic questionnaire method...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618912/effort-reward-imbalance-and-its-association-with-health-among-pluckers-in-a-tea-plantation-in-south-india
#19
Chitra Tomy, Naveen Ramesh, Farah N Fathima, Rodney L D'cunha, Kote A Chakravathi
Context: Work-related stress is associated with cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, psychological ailments, and work-related injuries. Imbalance between high effort and low reward at work can lead to work stress among plantation workers. Aims: To assess the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) among pluckers in tea plantations in South India and its association on chronic health problems, substance abuses, and workplace injuries. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 346 tea pluckers from May to June 2015 in six selected tea plantations in Anamalai, South India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618911/risk-assessment-of-workers-exposure-to-volatile-organic-compounds-in-the-air-of-a-petrochemical-complex-in-iran
#20
Farshid Ghorbani Shanh, Samira Rahimnejad, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Maryam Farhadian
Context: Long-term exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) affects the occupancies health in petrochemical complex. Objectives: The aim of this study is to apply the lifetime cancer risk (LCR) and hazard quotient (HQ) in occupational exposure to estimate the risk of VOCs in petrochemical complexes. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the petrochemical complex of Iran for a period of 1 year. Materials and Methods: Sorbent tubes were used to obtain air samples from 169 workers at different petrochemical complexes in southern Iran...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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