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Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446842/choosing-controls-in-a-case-control-study
#1
Sunil Kumar Raina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446841/occupation-related-chromium-toxicity-a-rare-cause-of-renal-failure-and-rhabdomyolysis
#2
Manjeera Jagannati, I Ramya, Sowmya Sathyendra
A 21-year-old gentleman, a worker in a mobile phone shop, was admitted with rhabdomyolysis, renal failure, and pulmonary edema requiring mechanical ventilation and hemodialysis. After extensive workup and ruling out other causes, heavy metal poisoning was considered. Investigations during the course of the hospital stay revealed chromium poisoning. With repeated hemodialysis, his parameters normalized and he was discharged home in a stable condition. Diagnosis of chromium toxicity needs high index of suspicion...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446840/musculoskeletal-morbidity-among-construction-workers-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#3
Gopireddy M M Reddy, B Nisha, Thangaraj G Prabhushankar, V Vishwambhar
BACKGROUND: Construction industry is one of the stable growing industries in India. People working in construction industries are at a risk of various occupational diseases. Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) is the single largest cause of work-related illness, accounting for over 33% of all newly reported occupational illnesses in the general population and approximately 77% in construction workers. In spite of the high prevalence and wide range of adverse consequences, the studies highlighting the burden and impact of musculoskeletal morbidities are very scarce in India...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446839/awareness-of-blood-borne-infections-and-burden-of-occupational-exposures-to-blood-and-body-fluids-among-health-care-personnel-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#4
Swetharani, K V Vinod, Abdoul Hamide, Tarun K Dutta, K T Harichandrakumar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Occupational exposures (OEs) to blood and body fluids (BBFs) pose significant risk of transmission of blood-borne infections (BBIs) to health care personnel (HCP) and are grossly underreported. We aimed to study the awareness of BBIs and their prevention, burden of OEs, assess factors contributing to them and their poor reporting and assess the practices for their prevention among HCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital located in south India used a self-administered questionnaire to assess the awareness of BBIs, attitude and practice of HCP for prevention of OEs, and to quantify the burden of exposures...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446838/visual-functions-of-workers-exposed-to-organic-solvents-in-petrochemical-industries
#5
R Indhushree, R Monica, K Coral, Narayanasamy Angayarkanni, R Punitham, B M Subburathinam, R Krishnakumar, P P Santanam
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual functions of workers exposed to organic solvents in petrochemical industries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty workers from the petroleum refinery and 30 age-matched controls (mean age) were recruited. Visual functions and occupational exposure levels were assessed among both the groups. Visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, color vision, and visual fields were evaluated at the workplace. The biological samples, namely blood and urine, were collected at the workplace and transported to the laboratory for analysis...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446837/level-of-stress-and-its-determinants-among-intensive-care-unit-staff
#6
Arunesh Kumar, Prasad Pore, Sachin Gupta, Aziz O Wani
CONTEXT: Stress is a usual and normal part of our daily lives. It is a normal physical reaction to an internal or external pressure that is placed on a person's system. Extended periods of stress can cause destructive changes in the body. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the prevalence of stress and its level among intensive care unit (ICU) staff (doctors and nurses) of various hospitals and (2) to correlate the level of stress with certain variables. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the ICU of various hospital of Pune for a period of 1 month...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446836/physical-activity-levels-and-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-thai-call-center-operators
#7
Chaikumarn Montakarn, Nakphet Nuttika
BACKGROUND: Call-center operators are exposed to working conditions that indicate an increased risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. Nevertheless, there are few studies regarding health and working condition in call-center operators. Thus, this study was designed to investigate the physical activity levels and prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in Thai call-center operators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was distributed to 150 operators at a call center to identify the physical activity levels, prevalence of LBP, personal characteristics, and associated work factors...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446835/fitness-and-return-to-work-challenges-for-occupational-health-physician
#8
EDITORIAL
Ganesh K Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194088/post-hoc-tests-in-analysis-of-variance
#9
Anjali Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194087/occupational-bronchiolitis-induced-by-cotton-dust-exposure-in-a-nonsmoker
#10
Richa Mittal, Pawan Gupta, Sunil K Chhabra
The most well-known disease caused by cotton dust is byssinosis though it is also associated with chronic obstructive airways disease, and very rarely, interstitial lung disease. Obliterative bronchiolitis has never been reported in this setting. We report a 63-year-old, nonsmoker male, who presented with complaints of cough and exertional dyspnoea for 10 years. He had worked in textile industry for 35 years and symptoms had persisted even after quitting. Examination revealed prolonged expiration with expiratory wheeze, and pulmonary function tests revealed severe airflow limitation with air trapping and impaired diffusion capacity...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194086/silicosis-in-the-form-of-progressive-massive-fibrosis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#11
Somnath Bhattacharya, Atin Dey, Amitava Pal, Saurav Kar, Sayantan Saha
Silicosis is a major occupational lung disease with a relatively fatal and irreversible outcome. Early diagnosis for shifting the potential candidates to safe modes of workplace as well as for prevention of further progression is the cornerstone of management. Here, we present a complicated case of silicosis in the form of progressive massive fibrosis, which was initially interpreted as tuberculosis; radiological images had resemblance with tuberculosis and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. Radiology-guided trucut biopsy was imperative to confirm the diagnosis...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194085/association-of-quality-of-life-and-job-stress-in-occupational-workforce-of-india-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-on-software-professionals
#12
Giridhara R Babu, Paulomi M Sudhir, Tanmay Mahapatra, Aritra Das, Mohanbabu Rathnaiah, Indiresh Anand, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: There is limited scientific evidence on the relationship of job stress with quality of life (QoL). PURPOSE: This study aims to explore different domains of job stress affecting IT/ITES professionals and estimate the levels of stress that these professionals endure to reach positive levels of QoL given that other determinants operating between these two variables are accounted for. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We estimated levels of stress that software professionals would have endured to reach positive levels of QoL considering that other factors operating between these two variables are accounted for...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194084/civil-construction-work-the-unseen-contributor-to-the-occupational-and-global-disease-burden
#13
R Sitalakshmi, P Saikumar, P Jeyachandran, Manoharan, Thangavel, Jayakar Thomas
BACKGROUND: Construction industry is the second largest employment giving industry in India with many semi-skilled or unskilled workers taking up the occupation for livelihood without any training and proper guidance. AIM: To evaluate the pathogenic association of cement exposure to occupational contact dermatoses as evidenced by immune markers and to correlate their pulmonary functions with years of exposure to cement. SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among randomly selected cement workers...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194083/asbestos-induced-lung-disease-in-small-scale-clutch-manufacturing-workers
#14
Dipti Gothi, Tanushree Gahlot, Ram B Sah, Mayank Saxena, U C Ojha, Anand K Verma, Sonam Spalgais
BACKGROUND: The crocidolite variety of asbestos is banned. However, chrysotile, which is not prohibited, is still used in developing countries in making products such as clutch plate. Fourteen workers from a small-scale clutch plate-manufacturing factory were analyzed for asbestos-induced lung disease as one of their colleagues had expired due to asbestosis. AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate the awareness of workers, the prevalence and type of asbestos-induced lung disease, and the sensitivity and specificity of diffusion test...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194082/internet-use-at-workplaces-and-its-effects-on-working-style-in-indian-context-an-exploration
#15
Apoorva Shrivastava, Manoj K Sharma, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Internet use has revolutionized the pattern of working style at the workplace. It led to an increased use for nonprofessional activities at the workplace. It has been shown to affect productivity at the workplace. There is a dearth of literature from the Indian context in this area. AIM: This study was conducted to explore the pattern of Internet use at the workplace and its dysfunctions. SETTING AND DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional prospective study...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194081/excessive-sleepiness-sleep-hygiene-and-coping-strategies-among-night-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Uma Maheswari Krishnaswamy, Mamta S Chhabria, Aditi Rao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disruption and excessive sleepiness are the known consequences of shift work. The recent spate of night-time road and air accidents, with some being directly attributed to driver sleepiness prompted us to undertake this study. AIMS: To screen for excessive sleepiness, coping practices, and post-shift sleep hygiene in night bus drivers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective study was carried out on night bus drivers of a public transport organization in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194080/estimation-of-work-capacity-and-work-ability-among-plantation-workers-in-south-india
#17
Suguna Anbazhagan, Naveen Ramesh, A Surekha, Farah N Fathima, Melina, Anjali
BACKGROUND: Work capacity is the ability to perform real physical work, and work ability is a result of interaction of worker to his or her work that is how good a worker is at present, in near future, and how able is he or she to do his or her work with respect to work demands and health and mental resources. OBJECTIVE: To assess the work capacity and work ability and to study the factors associated with work capacity and work ability of workers at a tea plantation in South India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194079/research-in-occupational-heat-stress-in-india-challenges-and-opportunities
#18
REVIEW
Krishnan Srinivasan, K N Maruthy, Vidhya Venugopal, Padmavathi Ramaswamy
Occupational heat stress is a major health burden with several potential negative health and well-being outcomes. It is only in the recent years medical research has addressed this risk factor. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of studies in the area of occupational heat stress and its health impacts. Research in occupational heat stress in developing countries like India is limited because of several challenges and constraints. Few challenges are permission from industries to publish the data, resistance for change from employers and workers, improper record of heat/any occupational disease by the employer or worker, study design, and paucity in number of studies...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194078/the-health-of-the-healthcare-workers
#19
EDITORIAL
Bobby Joseph, Merlyn Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390484/sustainable-sanitation-in-india-need-of-the-hour
#20
Manjari Manisha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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