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Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194088/post-hoc-tests-in-analysis-of-variance
#1
Anjali Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194087/occupational-bronchiolitis-induced-by-cotton-dust-exposure-in-a-nonsmoker
#2
Richa Mittal, Pawan Gupta, Sunil K Chhabra
The most well-known disease caused by cotton dust is byssinosis though it is also associated with chronic obstructive airways disease, and very rarely, interstitial lung disease. Obliterative bronchiolitis has never been reported in this setting. We report a 63-year-old, nonsmoker male, who presented with complaints of cough and exertional dyspnoea for 10 years. He had worked in textile industry for 35 years and symptoms had persisted even after quitting. Examination revealed prolonged expiration with expiratory wheeze, and pulmonary function tests revealed severe airflow limitation with air trapping and impaired diffusion capacity...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194086/silicosis-in-the-form-of-progressive-massive-fibrosis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#3
Somnath Bhattacharya, Atin Dey, Amitava Pal, Saurav Kar, Sayantan Saha
Silicosis is a major occupational lung disease with a relatively fatal and irreversible outcome. Early diagnosis for shifting the potential candidates to safe modes of workplace as well as for prevention of further progression is the cornerstone of management. Here, we present a complicated case of silicosis in the form of progressive massive fibrosis, which was initially interpreted as tuberculosis; radiological images had resemblance with tuberculosis and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. Radiology-guided trucut biopsy was imperative to confirm the diagnosis...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194085/association-of-quality-of-life-and-job-stress-in-occupational-workforce-of-india-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-on-software-professionals
#4
Giridhara R Babu, Paulomi M Sudhir, Tanmay Mahapatra, Aritra Das, Mohanbabu Rathnaiah, Indiresh Anand, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: There is limited scientific evidence on the relationship of job stress with quality of life (QoL). PURPOSE: This study aims to explore different domains of job stress affecting IT/ITES professionals and estimate the levels of stress that these professionals endure to reach positive levels of QoL given that other determinants operating between these two variables are accounted for. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We estimated levels of stress that software professionals would have endured to reach positive levels of QoL considering that other factors operating between these two variables are accounted for...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194084/civil-construction-work-the-unseen-contributor-to-the-occupational-and-global-disease-burden
#5
R Sitalakshmi, P Saikumar, P Jeyachandran, Manoharan, Thangavel, Jayakar Thomas
BACKGROUND: Construction industry is the second largest employment giving industry in India with many semi-skilled or unskilled workers taking up the occupation for livelihood without any training and proper guidance. AIM: To evaluate the pathogenic association of cement exposure to occupational contact dermatoses as evidenced by immune markers and to correlate their pulmonary functions with years of exposure to cement. SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among randomly selected cement workers...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194083/asbestos-induced-lung-disease-in-small-scale-clutch-manufacturing-workers
#6
Dipti Gothi, Tanushree Gahlot, Ram B Sah, Mayank Saxena, U C Ojha, Anand K Verma, Sonam Spalgais
BACKGROUND: The crocidolite variety of asbestos is banned. However, chrysotile, which is not prohibited, is still used in developing countries in making products such as clutch plate. Fourteen workers from a small-scale clutch plate-manufacturing factory were analyzed for asbestos-induced lung disease as one of their colleagues had expired due to asbestosis. AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate the awareness of workers, the prevalence and type of asbestos-induced lung disease, and the sensitivity and specificity of diffusion test...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194082/internet-use-at-workplaces-and-its-effects-on-working-style-in-indian-context-an-exploration
#7
Apoorva Shrivastava, Manoj K Sharma, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Internet use has revolutionized the pattern of working style at the workplace. It led to an increased use for nonprofessional activities at the workplace. It has been shown to affect productivity at the workplace. There is a dearth of literature from the Indian context in this area. AIM: This study was conducted to explore the pattern of Internet use at the workplace and its dysfunctions. SETTING AND DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional prospective study...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194081/excessive-sleepiness-sleep-hygiene-and-coping-strategies-among-night-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Uma Maheswari Krishnaswamy, Mamta S Chhabria, Aditi Rao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disruption and excessive sleepiness are the known consequences of shift work. The recent spate of night-time road and air accidents, with some being directly attributed to driver sleepiness prompted us to undertake this study. AIMS: To screen for excessive sleepiness, coping practices, and post-shift sleep hygiene in night bus drivers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective study was carried out on night bus drivers of a public transport organization in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194080/estimation-of-work-capacity-and-work-ability-among-plantation-workers-in-south-india
#9
Suguna Anbazhagan, Naveen Ramesh, A Surekha, Farah N Fathima, Melina, Anjali
BACKGROUND: Work capacity is the ability to perform real physical work, and work ability is a result of interaction of worker to his or her work that is how good a worker is at present, in near future, and how able is he or she to do his or her work with respect to work demands and health and mental resources. OBJECTIVE: To assess the work capacity and work ability and to study the factors associated with work capacity and work ability of workers at a tea plantation in South India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194079/research-in-occupational-heat-stress-in-india-challenges-and-opportunities
#10
REVIEW
Krishnan Srinivasan, K N Maruthy, Vidhya Venugopal, Padmavathi Ramaswamy
Occupational heat stress is a major health burden with several potential negative health and well-being outcomes. It is only in the recent years medical research has addressed this risk factor. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of studies in the area of occupational heat stress and its health impacts. Research in occupational heat stress in developing countries like India is limited because of several challenges and constraints. Few challenges are permission from industries to publish the data, resistance for change from employers and workers, improper record of heat/any occupational disease by the employer or worker, study design, and paucity in number of studies...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194078/the-health-of-the-healthcare-workers
#11
EDITORIAL
Bobby Joseph, Merlyn Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390484/sustainable-sanitation-in-india-need-of-the-hour
#12
Manjari Manisha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390483/high-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-young-employees-of-information-technology-industry
#13
Tejas Y Limaye, Ravindra L Kulkarni, Manisha R Deokar, Kalyanaraman Kumaran
BACKGROUND: We assessed the burden of cardiometabolic risk factors in Information Technology (IT) employees as they are exposed to adverse lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, health records were obtained from two IT industries in Pune. Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors [hyperglycemia, high blood pressure (BP), hypertriglyceridemia, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and overweight/obesity] was determined using standard cutoffs...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390482/-bright-asteroids-in-the-polar-sky-clinic-radio-pathological-correlation-in-an-unusual-case-of-silicotuberculosis
#14
Santosh Rai, Vishak Acharya, Sanoj Vahab, Jessica Minal, Shrijeet Chakraborti
We present a case of acute silicosis presenting with severe breathlessness and respiratory failure. An unusual aspect in our case was the presence of acute silicosis with respiratory failure in backdrop of long-term silica exposure. The other striking aspect in this case was the demonstration of crystalline silica particles under polarizing light in bronchial lavage fluid sample and coexistence of tuberculosis with acute silicosis.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390481/quality-of-life-and-probable-psychological-distress-among-male-workers-at-a-construction-site-kolar-district-karnataka-india
#15
Geethu Mathew, Naveen Ramesh, Deepthi Shanbhag, Ramakrishna Goud, Sharan Subramanian, Carol Lobo, Alex Xavier, Prudhvi Dasari
INTRODUCTION: The construction industry, which mainly consists of migrant labouers is one of the largest employers in the unorganized sector in India. These workers work in poor conditions and are often vulnerable to exploitation. These workers also do not have health care benefits and often these factors lead to poor quality of life (QOL) and psychological distress. OBJECTIVES: To assess the QOL, probable psychological distress and associated factors among male construction workers...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390480/comparison-of-workers-perceptions-toward-work-climate-and-health-symptoms-between-ceramic-and-iron-foundry-workers
#16
Joydeep Majumder, Bhavani S Bagepally, Priyanka Shah, Sanjay Kotadiya, Suresh Yadav, Nibedita Naha
BACKGROUND: Workers exposed to heavy manual material handling (MMH) in a hot working environment succumb to severe physical stress and psychological stress. AIMS: (1) Recognize the heat load at workplaces of ceramic industry and iron industry, and (2) comparatively examine the characteristics of self-reported physiological responses and heat-health perception among these workers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Workplace microclimate in the ceramic industry and iron industry was monitored...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390479/staff-working-in-ancillary-departments-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bengaluru-karnataka-india-how-healthy-are-they
#17
Bhavya Balasubramanya, Catherin Nisha, Naveen Ramesh, Bobby Joseph
BACKGROUND: Ancillary health services are those supplemental services other than room, board, and medical/nursing services provided to hospital patients in the course of care. Ancillary department staff forms an integral part in the smooth functioning of a hospital. There is a need to focus on the health of these individuals to ensure their well-being and in turn, productivity at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: To study the morbidity profile of the staff working at ancillary departments of a tertiary care hospital in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390478/shift-work-disorder-and-related-health-problems-among-nurses-working-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-bangalore-south-india
#18
Surekha Anbazhagan, Naveen Ramesh, Catherine Nisha, Bobby Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Shift Work Disorder (SWD) is a sleep disorder characterized by sleepiness and insomnia, which can be attributed to the person's work schedule. Awareness of the mechanisms behind shift work related health problems could be essential to schedule the shift work, employment routines, clinical treatment, and selection of employees. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of SWD and to identify related health problems among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Bangalore...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390477/effectiveness-of-video-assisted-teaching-program-on-safety-measures-followed-by-the-employees-working-in-the-silica-based-industry-in-puducherry-india
#19
Thiruvengadam Nanthini, Karaline Karunagari
INTRODUCTION: Employees constitute a large and important sector of the world's population. The global labor force is about 2,600 million and 75% of this force is working in developing countries. Occupational health and safety (OHS) must be managed in every aspect of their work. Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as OHS or workplace health and safety (WHS) is an area concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people engaged in any employment. The goal of OSH is to foster a safe and healthy work environment...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390476/comparative-cross-sectional-study-for-understanding-the-burden-of-low-back-pain-among-public-bus-transport-drivers
#20
Abhijeet V Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Even though low back pain (LBP) is common, some occupations pose a higher risk. Identifying these occupations and specific factors will help to reduce the suffering and burden. This study aims to compare the prevalence of chronic LBP among bus drivers and to find its association with some occupational factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study to compare prevalence of LBP and factors associated with it, in two groups of drivers (n = 178) and nondrivers (n = 184)...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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