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Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390484/sustainable-sanitation-in-india-need-of-the-hour
#1
Manjari Manisha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390483/high-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-young-employees-of-information-technology-industry
#2
Tejas Y Limaye, Ravindra L Kulkarni, Manisha R Deokar, Kalyanaraman Kumaran
BACKGROUND: We assessed the burden of cardiometabolic risk factors in Information Technology (IT) employees as they are exposed to adverse lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, health records were obtained from two IT industries in Pune. Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors [hyperglycemia, high blood pressure (BP), hypertriglyceridemia, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and overweight/obesity] was determined using standard cutoffs...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390482/-bright-asteroids-in-the-polar-sky-clinic-radio-pathological-correlation-in-an-unusual-case-of-silicotuberculosis
#3
Santosh Rai, Vishak Acharya, Sanoj Vahab, Jessica Minal, Shrijeet Chakraborti
We present a case of acute silicosis presenting with severe breathlessness and respiratory failure. An unusual aspect in our case was the presence of acute silicosis with respiratory failure in backdrop of long-term silica exposure. The other striking aspect in this case was the demonstration of crystalline silica particles under polarizing light in bronchial lavage fluid sample and coexistence of tuberculosis with acute silicosis.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390481/quality-of-life-and-probable-psychological-distress-among-male-workers-at-a-construction-site-kolar-district-karnataka-india
#4
Geethu Mathew, Naveen Ramesh, Deepthi Shanbhag, Ramakrishna Goud, Sharan Subramanian, Carol Lobo, Alex Xavier, Prudhvi Dasari
INTRODUCTION: The construction industry, which mainly consists of migrant labouers is one of the largest employers in the unorganized sector in India. These workers work in poor conditions and are often vulnerable to exploitation. These workers also do not have health care benefits and often these factors lead to poor quality of life (QOL) and psychological distress. OBJECTIVES: To assess the QOL, probable psychological distress and associated factors among male construction workers...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390480/comparison-of-workers-perceptions-toward-work-climate-and-health-symptoms-between-ceramic-and-iron-foundry-workers
#5
Joydeep Majumder, Bhavani S Bagepally, Priyanka Shah, Sanjay Kotadiya, Suresh Yadav, Nibedita Naha
BACKGROUND: Workers exposed to heavy manual material handling (MMH) in a hot working environment succumb to severe physical stress and psychological stress. AIMS: (1) Recognize the heat load at workplaces of ceramic industry and iron industry, and (2) comparatively examine the characteristics of self-reported physiological responses and heat-health perception among these workers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Workplace microclimate in the ceramic industry and iron industry was monitored...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390479/staff-working-in-ancillary-departments-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bengaluru-karnataka-india-how-healthy-are-they
#6
Bhavya Balasubramanya, Catherin Nisha, Naveen Ramesh, Bobby Joseph
BACKGROUND: Ancillary health services are those supplemental services other than room, board, and medical/nursing services provided to hospital patients in the course of care. Ancillary department staff forms an integral part in the smooth functioning of a hospital. There is a need to focus on the health of these individuals to ensure their well-being and in turn, productivity at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: To study the morbidity profile of the staff working at ancillary departments of a tertiary care hospital in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390478/shift-work-disorder-and-related-health-problems-among-nurses-working-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-bangalore-south-india
#7
Surekha Anbazhagan, Naveen Ramesh, Catherine Nisha, Bobby Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Shift Work Disorder (SWD) is a sleep disorder characterized by sleepiness and insomnia, which can be attributed to the person's work schedule. Awareness of the mechanisms behind shift work related health problems could be essential to schedule the shift work, employment routines, clinical treatment, and selection of employees. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of SWD and to identify related health problems among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Bangalore...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390477/effectiveness-of-video-assisted-teaching-program-on-safety-measures-followed-by-the-employees-working-in-the-silica-based-industry-in-puducherry-india
#8
Thiruvengadam Nanthini, Karaline Karunagari
INTRODUCTION: Employees constitute a large and important sector of the world's population. The global labor force is about 2,600 million and 75% of this force is working in developing countries. Occupational health and safety (OHS) must be managed in every aspect of their work. Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as OHS or workplace health and safety (WHS) is an area concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people engaged in any employment. The goal of OSH is to foster a safe and healthy work environment...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390476/comparative-cross-sectional-study-for-understanding-the-burden-of-low-back-pain-among-public-bus-transport-drivers
#9
Abhijeet V Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Even though low back pain (LBP) is common, some occupations pose a higher risk. Identifying these occupations and specific factors will help to reduce the suffering and burden. This study aims to compare the prevalence of chronic LBP among bus drivers and to find its association with some occupational factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study to compare prevalence of LBP and factors associated with it, in two groups of drivers (n = 178) and nondrivers (n = 184)...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390475/assessment-of-occupational-radiation-exposure-among-medical-staff-in-health-care-facilities-in-the-eastern-province-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#10
Khaled Fikry Salama, Abdulrahman AlObireed, Mohammed AlBagawi, Yuosef AlSufayan, Mohammed AlSerheed
INTRODUCTION: Radiation exposure poses hazards for health-care providers as well as patients in health-care facilities (HCFs). Radiographic imaging is extremely valuable as a diagnostic tool in medicine, but ionizing radiation and computed tomography (CT) scan carry well-known potential risks. Personnel and radiation safety monitoring is an important safety precaution in the practice of radiography. AIM: The study aimed to assess the occupational radiation exposure and safety protection among medical staff in HCFs in the Eastern Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390474/chronic-disease-risk-factors-among-hotel-workers
#11
Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde, Prashika R Kurlikar
CONTEXT: Non-communicable diseases have emerged as a global health issue. Role of occupation in pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases has not been explored much especially in the hospitality industry. AIMS: Objectives of this study include finding risk factor prevalence among hotel workers and studying relationship between occupational group and chronic disease risk factors chiefly high body mass index. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-managerial employees from classified hotels in India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390473/impact-of-social-determinants-on-well-being-of-urban-construction-workers-of-hyderabad
#12
Sudha Bala, Sameer Valsangkar, Reshaboyina Lakshmi Narayana Lakshman Rao, Manem Lakshmi Surya Prabha
BACKGROUND: Hyderabad has witnessed one of the largest labor immigration in recent years and these construction workers are highly vulnerable in terms of health. Social determinants of health (SDH) arise from conditions in which they live and these factors interact with each other to produce direct impact on health. OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate the sociodemographic and job characteristics of the construction workers. (2) To assess the impact of social determinants on well-being...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390472/mobile-phone-use-and-possible-cancer-risk-current-perspectives-in-india
#13
REVIEW
Jitendra Kumar Meena, Anjana Verma, Charu Kohli, Gopal Krishna Ingle
Mobile communication is now essentially ruling our daily lives through better connectivity and intelligent smartphone services. There has been a tremendous growth in Indian communication industry along with growing concerns regarding health effects of mobile radiation exposure. Concerns posed are especially regarding carcinogenesis and other health-related effects of mobile radiation exposure. In the effort to establish or refute any such concerns, many studies have been undertaken in the past three decades, mostly case-control designs or cross-sectional surveys...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390471/the-revised-guidelines-of-the-medical-council-of-india-for-academic-promotions-need-for-a-rethink
#14
Rakesh Aggarwal, Nithya Gogtay, Rajeev Kumar, Peush Sahni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387856/occupational-health-training-in-india-need-for-a-competency-driven-approach
#15
Rajnarayan R Tiwari, Anjali Sharma, Sanjay P Zodpey
BACKGROUND: In order to cater to the changing business scenario, employment and education profiles of labor, newer occupations, and emerging occupational health challenges, it is time to improve the performance of occupational health professionals by adapting core professional competencies while drawing on global knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To delineate the competencies required for medical graduates, medical postgraduates, and Masters in Public Health (MPH) graduates practicing occupational health in India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957817/performing-cpr-on-a-commercial-diver-inside-the-diving-bell
#16
Sourabh Bhutani, Rohit Verma, Dipak Kumar Ghosh
CPR in a diving bell is difficult. It is taught by diving companies and training institutes but has not been subjected to the tenets of evidence based medicine. The diving bell lacks space as well as a flat hard surface to lay the patient on and therefore conventional methods of administering CPR are not possible. The diver is hung from a pulley tied to the diver's harness, and the bell flooded with water to reduce pooling of blood. Airway is established using a cervical collar to hyperextend the neck and inserting an appropriate oropharyngeal airway...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957816/prevalence-pattern-and-factors-associated-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-pluckers-in-a-tea-plantation-in-tamil-nadu-india
#17
Deepthi Vasanth, Naveen Ramesh, Farah Naaz Fathima, Ria Fernandez, Steffi Jennifer, Bobby Joseph
CONTEXT: Musculoskeletal pain is common among tea leaf pluckers and is attributed to the load they carry, long working hours, the terrain, and insufficient job rotations. As a result of this, their health and work capacity are affected. AIMS: To assess the prevalence, patterns, and factors associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) among pluckers in a tea plantation in Annamalai, Tamil Nadu, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study surveyed 195 pluckers selected by simple random sampling aged between 18 years and 60 years...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957815/nonoccupational-anthracofibrosis-anthracosilicosis-from-ladakh-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-case-series
#18
Sonam Spalgais, Dipti Gothi, Anand Jaiswal, Kumud Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nonoccupational anthracosis and silicosis has been reported from various parts of the world including Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India; however, anthracosilicosis has only been reported in industrial workers till date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cases from the Ladakh region in Jammu and Kashmir, India with similar clinico-radiological-pathological features, i.e., anthracosilicosis/anthracofibrosis have been analyzed. Of these, four were analyzed retrospectively and two prospectively...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957814/perceived-heat-stress-and-health-effects-on-construction-workers
#19
Priya Dutta, Ajit Rajiva, Dileep Andhare, Gulrez Shah Azhar, Abhiyant Tiwari, Perry Sheffield
INTRODUCTION: Increasing heat waves-particularly in urban areas where construction is most prevalent, highlight a need for heat exposure assessment of construction workers. This study aims to characterize the effects of heat on construction workers from a site in Gandhinagar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved a mixed methods approach consisting of a cross sectional survey with anthropometric measurements (n = 219) and four focus groups with construction workers, as well as environmental measurements of heat stress exposure at a construction site...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957813/an-epidemiological-study-on-the-predictors-of-health-status-of-food-handlers-in-food-establishments-of-teaching-hospitals-of-north-india
#20
Arun Singh, Rashmi Katyal, Varsha Chaudhary, Kusum Narula, Deepak Upadhayay, Shailendra Pratap Singh
INTRODUCTION: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USDHHS-CDC 1996) revealed that the outbreaks of food borne diseases include inadequate cooking, heating, or re-heating of foods consumption of food from unsafe sources, cooling food inappropriately and allowing too much of a time lapse. As we all know that the food handlers have been working in various types of community kitchen and their health status can affect the status of food hygiene which can lead to contamination of foods attributing to acute gastroenteritis and food poisoning in various subgroups of the population e...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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