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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932628/potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-that-feature-the-images-and-personal-details-of-real-people
#1
Emily Brennan, Erin Maloney, Yotam Ophir, Joseph N Cappella
INTRODUCTION: Pictorial warning labels (PWL) that use photographs and the personal details of real people whose health has been affected by smoking (testimonial PWL) provide factual information about the consequences of tobacco use. METHODS: 924 adult current smokers participated in an online experiment that tested responses to four types of warning labels: 1) non-testimonial text warning labels (TWL) (currently on packs in the United States); 2) non-testimonial PWL (previously proposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration); 3) image only testimonial PWL (created for this study); 4) image + personal details testimonial PWL (created for study)...
December 8, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932627/next-steps-toward-understanding-the-relationship-between-cigarette-smoking-and-depression-anxiety-disorders-a-lifecourse-perspective
#2
EDITORIAL
Renee D Goodwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928052/feasibility-of-implementing-a-hospital-based-opt-out-tobacco-cessation-service
#3
Georges J Nahhas, Dianne Wilson, Vince Talbot, Kathleen B Cartmell, Graham W Warren, Benjamin Toll, Matthew J Carpenter, K Michael Cummings
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and outcomes of implementing a hospital-based "opt-out" tobacco-cessation service. METHODS: In 2014, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) adopted a policy that all hospitalized patients who self-report using tobacco be referred to tobacco-cessation service. This is a descriptive study of a real-world effort to implement guidelines for a hospital-based cessation service consistent with Joint Commission's standards. Between February-2014 and May-2015, 42,061 adults were admitted to the MUSC Hospital...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928051/challenges-to-mediation-analysis-from-experimental-designs
#4
LETTER
Jon-Patrick Allem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928050/smokeless-tobacco-and-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-in-south-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Zohaib Khan, Sheraz Khan, Lara Christianson, Sara Rehman, Obinna Ekwunife, Florence Samkange-Zeeb
: Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMDs) are chronic lesions or conditions characterized by a potential for malignant transformation. While recent meta-analyses show that smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is a risk factor for oral cancer in South Asia, there is a lack of pooled evidence regarding SLT use and the development of OPMDs. We searched Medline via PubMed, the Science Citation Index (SCI) via Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Global Index Medicus and Google Scholar databases for relevant literature using a combination of keywords and MeSH terms...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928049/men-in-myanmar-submerged-in-tobacco-women-following
#6
LETTER
Dhirendra Narain Sinha, Deeksha Bhartiya, Amit Kumar, Harpreet Singh, Ravi Mehrotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928048/testing-and-refining-measures-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-smokers-and-non-smokers
#7
Melissa Chapman Haynes, Ann W St Claire, Raymond G Boyle, Anne Betzner
INTRODUCTION: Over the past few decades, tobacco control efforts have made great strides in making smoke-free air the norm; 30 states in the United States have implemented 100% smoke-free laws. Despite this progress, the evolution of the measurement of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure has lagged. METHODS: Cognitive testing was used to explore the functioning and limitations of current SHS surveillance items; many items are frequently used for statewide or national surveillance...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928047/validating-use-of-internet-submitted-carbon-monoxide-values-by-video-to-determine-quit-status
#8
Joshua L Karelitz, Valerie C Michael, Margaret Boldry, Kenneth A Perkins
INTRODUCTION: Daily visits to biochemically verify continuous smoking abstinence via expired-air carbon monoxide (CO) may deter participation in cessation trials. One way to reduce need for daily visits while continuing to monitor abstinence success may be use of a recent procedure to verify abstinence from daily CO values via the Internet. This method requires participants submit to study staff video recordings of themselves correctly using a CO monitor. However, it has not been clearly demonstrated that those classified quit via Internet-submitted videos of CO would be reliably classified quit when assessed in-lab...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864327/erratum
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852796/combination-varenicline-and-lorcaserin-for-tobacco-dependence-treatment-and-weight-gain-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-smokers-a-pilot-study
#10
Ryan T Hurt, Ivana T Croghan, Darrell R Schroeder, J Taylor Hays, Doo-Sup Choi, Jon O Ebbert
INTRODUCTION: Post-cessation weight gain (PCWG) is a major barrier to maintaining abstinence, especially in weight-concerned smokers. Varenicline is the most effective medication for smoking cessation but has minimal impact on PCWG. Lorcaserin is an FDA-approved medication for weight management in overweight or obese patients which also provides a noticeable benefit in treating drug dependence. We hypothesized that combining varenicline with lorcaserin may help prevent PCWG. We conducted an open-label, single arm, Phase II clinical pilot study to obtain preliminary data on the safety and effectiveness of combination varenicline and lorcaserin in preventing PCWG in overweight and obese smokers...
November 16, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838661/the-short-term-effects-of-aspira-a-web-based-multimedia-smoking-prevention-program-for-adolescents-in-romania-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Valentin Nădășan, Kristie L Foley, Melinda Pénzes, Edit Paulik, Ștefan Mihăicuță, Zoltán Ábrám, Jozsef Bálint, Monika Csibi, Robert Urbán
INTRODUCTION: Although web-based, multimedia smoking prevention programs have been tested in several high-income countries, their efficacy in Central and Eastern Europe is unknown. The aim of this trial was to assess the short-term effects of ASPIRA, among Romanian and Hungarian speaking ninth graders in Tirgu Mures, Romania. ASPIRA is the Romanian acronym for the translated and adapted version of ASPIRE, "A Smoking Prevention Interactive Experience", an evidence-based smoking prevention program originally developed to prevent tobacco use among high school students in the U...
November 12, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838660/quit-intentions-moderate-subjective-and-physiological-responses-to-acute-nicotine-replacement-therapy-administration-in-dependent-smokers
#12
Hera E Schlagintweit, Niamh K Campbell, Sean P Barrett
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the impact of expectancy and administration components of acute nicotine inhaler use on craving, heart rate and smoking behaviour in smokers with varying intentions to quit. METHODS: 47 dependent smokers that differed in self-reported intention to quit (no intention to quit during the next month N=26 vs. intention to initiate a quit attempt within two weeks N=21) were randomly administered a 4mg nicotine or nicotine free inhaler across two sessions...
November 12, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838659/effectiveness-of-text-messaging-as-an-adjuvant-to-health-advice-in-smoking-cessation-programmes-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Campos R Cobos, Fernández de Larrinoa A Apiñaniz, Moriñigo A Sáez de Lafuente, Diez N Parraza, Barandiaran F Aizpuru
INTRODUCTION: Smoking remains a major risk factor for chronic diseases. Health advice is considered one of the most cost-effective interventions; however, changes produced by counselling tend not to persist over time, it is necessary to implement enforcement mechanisms. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a combined program that includes health advice and text messaging to mobile phone (SMSalud®). Patients were randomized to one of two interventions: health advice (control group) or health advice and text messaging (intervention group)...
November 12, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836982/improving-adherence-to-smoking-cessation-treatment-intervention-effects-in-a-web-based-randomized-trial
#14
Amanda L Graham, George D Papandonatos, Sarah Cha, Bahar Erar, Michael S Amato, Nathan K Cobb, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams
BACKGROUND: Web-based smoking cessation interventions can deliver evidence-based treatments to a wide swath of the population, but effectiveness is often limited by insufficient adherence to proven treatment components. This study evaluated the impact of a social network (SN) intervention and free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) on adherence to evidence-based components of smoking cessation treatment in the context of a Web-based intervention. METHODS: A sample of adult U...
November 11, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815511/lorcaserin-for-smoking-cessation-and-associated-weight-gain-a-randomized-12-week-clinical-trial
#15
William R Shanahan, Jed E Rose, Alan Glicklich, Scott Stubbe, Matilde Sanchez-Kam
INTRODUCTION: Lorcaserin is a selective serotonin 2C receptor agonist approved by the FDA for chronic weight management. Preclinical data suggest that it may also be effective in smoking cessation through modulation of the dopaminergic reward system. METHODS: This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted in 30 centers in the United States. 603 adult smokers with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18.5-35 kg/m(2), averaging at least 10 cigarettes/day with no period of abstinence >3 months for the past year were randomized to lorcaserin 10 mg QD, 10 mg BID or placebo; all received standardized smoking cessation counseling weekly...
November 4, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811157/income-inequality-and-u-s-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-distinct-associations-by-race-ethnicity
#16
Edmond D Shenassa, Lauren M Rossen, Jonathan Cohen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Devon C Payne-Sturges
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have found considerable racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure. Although a number of individual-level determinants of this disparity have been identified, contextual determinants of racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure remain unexamined. The objective of this study was to examine disparities in serum cotinine in relation to area-level income inequality among 14,649 children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 3, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807126/secondhand-smoke-from-multiple-sources-thirdhand-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-hong-kong-adolescents
#17
Lok Tung Leung, Sai Yin Ho, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
INTRODUCTION: Reports on involuntary tobacco smoke exposure in children have focused mostly on secondhand smoke (SHS) from smoking inside the home. We studied the separate and combined prevalence of SHS exposure from multiple sources and thirdhand smoke (THS) and the associations with respiratory symptoms in Hong Kong adolescents. METHODS: In 2010-11, 61810 Secondary 1 (US Grade 7) to 7 students reported their smoking status, respiratory symptoms and exposure to 4 sources of tobacco smoke in the past 7 days...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807125/a-genetic-epidemiological-mega-analysis-of-smoking-initiation-in-adolescents
#18
Hermine H Maes, Elizabeth Prom-Wormley, Lindon J Eaves, Soo Hyun Rhee, John K Hewitt, Susan Young, Robin Corley, Matt McGue, William G Iacono, Lisa Legrand, Di Samek, E Lenn Murrelle, Judy L Silberg, Donna Miles, Richard M Schieken, Gaston P Beunen, Martine Thomis, Richard J Rose, Danielle M Dick, Dorret I Boomsma, Meike Bartels, Jacqueline M Vink, Paul Lichtenstein, Victoria White, Jaakko Kaprio, Michael C Neale
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies in adolescents were not adequately powered to accurately disentangle genetic and environmental influences on smoking initiation across adolescence. METHODS: Mega-analysis of pooled genetically informative data on smoking initiation was performed, with structural equation modeling, to test equality of prevalence and correlations across cultural backgrounds, and to estimate the significance and effect size of genetic and environmental effects according to the classical twin study, in adolescent male and female twins from same-sex and opposite-sex twin pairs (N=19 313 pairs) between age 10 and 19, with 76 358 longitudinal assessments between 1983 and 2007, from 11 population-based twin samples from the US, Europe and Australia RESULTS: Although prevalences differed between samples, twin correlations did not, suggesting similar etiology of smoking initiation across developed countries...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807124/declines-and-plateaux-in-smoking-prevalence-over-three-decades-in-fiji
#19
Christine Linhart, Isimeli Tukana, Sophia Lin, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell, Penina Vatucawaqa, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends from 1980-2011 in daily tobacco smoking by sex, ethnicity, age, and urban/rural in Fiji Melanesian (i-Taukei) and Indian adults aged 25-64 years. METHODS: Unit record data from five population-based surveys (n=14,528) allowed classification of participants as: (1) never smoker, ex-smoker or non-daily smoker; or (2) daily smoker, reporting smoking <20 or ≥20 tobacco products (cigarettes/cigars/pipes) a day. Trends were examined using spline analyses...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799355/characterizing-young-adults-susceptibility-to-waterpipe-tobacco-use-and-their-reactions-to-messages-about-product-harms-and-addictiveness
#20
Isaac M Lipkus, Darren Mays, Kenneth P Tercyak
INTRODUCTION: There is very little insight into the psychosocial characteristics of young adults susceptible to waterpipe tobacco use and their reactions to messages about harms of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS). We investigated how young adults who were or were not susceptible to WTS differed on various characteristics and their reactions to messages about WTS harms. METHODS: Young adults ages 18 to 30 who had never used waterpipe tobacco were recruited through an online crowdsourcing site...
October 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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