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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082323/second-generation-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-vape-pen-exposure-generalizes-as-a-smoking-cue
#1
Andrea C King, Lia J Smith, Patrick J McNamara, Dingcai Cao
INTRODUCTION: Second generation electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; also known as e-cigarettes, vaporizers or vape pens) are designed for a customized nicotine delivery experience and have less resemblance to regular cigarettes than first generation "cigalikes." The present study examined whether they generalize as a conditioned cue and evoke smoking urges or behavior in persons exposed to their use. METHODS: Data were analyzed in N = 108 young adult smokers (≥5 cigarettes per week) randomized to either a traditional combustible cigarette smoking cue or a second generation ENDS vaping cue in a controlled laboratory setting...
January 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077449/waterpipe-promotion-and-use-on-instagram-hookah
#2
Jon-Patrick Allem, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe (hookah) use is becoming more prevalent in the United States and abroad with potential implications for public health. As waterpipe use rapidly grows in popularity, novel data streams are needed that can help capture and document the social and environmental context in which individuals use, and are marketed, this emerging tobacco product. This study characterized waterpipe-related posts on Instagram in order to inform regulatory and policy activities in the United States...
January 11, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069870/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#3
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (39%) contributes substantially to health inequalities. This study assesses the impact of warning labels on quitting and related thoughts and behaviours for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities served by 34 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and communities in the Torres Strait, Australia, using quota sampling...
January 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064202/trends-in-and-characteristics-of-marijuana-and-menthol-cigarette-use-among-current-cigarette-smokers-2005-2014
#4
Gillian L Schauer, Erica N Peters, Zachary Rosenberry, Hyoshin Kim
BACKGROUND: Given increasing co-marijuana and tobacco use in the U.S., this study aimed to explore the overlap between menthol cigarette use (MCU) and marijuana. METHODS: Data came from past month U.S. cigarette smokers 12 years and older responding to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2005 and 2014 (N= 51,500). Prevalence, demographics and substance use characteristics from 2013-14 were assessed across four groups, based on past month marijuana and tobacco use: cigarette smokers with marijuana and MCU, with marijuana but no MCU, with no marijuana but MCU, and with use of neither...
January 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064201/a-method-for-classifying-user-reported-electronic-cigarette-liquid-flavors
#5
Jessica M Yingst, Susan Veldheer, Erin Hammett, Shari Hrabovsky, Jonathan Foulds
BACKGROUND: Along with the growth in popularity of electronic cigarette devices (e-cigs), the variety of e-cig liquids (e-liquid) available to users has also grown. Although some studies have published data about the use of flavored e-liquid, there is no standardized way to group flavors making it difficult to interpret the data and replicate results across studies. The current study describes a method to classify user-reported e-liquid flavors and presents the resulting proportion of users in each flavor group in a large online survey of e-cig users...
January 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035000/e-cigarette-susceptibility-as-a-predictor-of-youth-initiation-of-e-cigarettes
#6
Krysten W Bold, Grace Kong, Dana A Cavallo, Deepa R Camenga, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034999/perceptions-of-snus-among-us-adult-smokers-given-free-product
#7
Ellen Meier, Jessica L Burris, Amy Wahlquist, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Kevin M Gray, Anthony J Alberg, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: Snus uptake is nominal among US smokers. This longitudinal study examines a) perceptions of snus among US smokers given free snus for six weeks and b) a method for assessment of an alternative tobacco product at the population level. METHODS: Adult smokers (n=543; 69.2% female; Mage=49.3 years), uninterested in quitting, received free snus for ad libitum use. Based on their snus use during a 6-week sampling period, participants included: 1) never users (18...
December 29, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034998/the-methodological-quality-and-effectiveness-of-technology-based-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-disadvantaged-groups-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Veronica C Boland, Emily A Stockings, Richard P Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Jamie Brown, Ryan J Courtney
AIMS: To assess the methodological quality and effectiveness of technology-based smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged groups. METHOD: Four databases (EMBASE, Cochrane, Medline, and PsycInfo) were searched for studies conducted from 1980- May 2016. Randomised controlled trials that compared a behavioural smoking cessation intervention delivered primarily through a technology-based platform (e.g. mobile phone) with a no-intervention comparison group among disadvantaged smokers were included...
December 29, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031378/cigarette-graphic-warning-labels-are-not-created-equal-they-can-increase-or-decrease-smokers-quit-intentions-relative-to-text-only-warnings
#9
Abigail T Evans, Ellen Peters, Abigail Shoben, Louise Meilleur, Elizabeth G Klein, Mary Kate Tompkins, Daniel Romer, Martin Tusler
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette graphic-warning labels elicit negative emotion. Research suggests negative emotion drives greater risk perceptions and quit intentions through multiple processes. The present research compares text-only warning effectiveness to that of graphic warnings eliciting more or less negative emotion. METHODS: Nationally representative online panels of 736 adult smokers and 469 teen smokers/vulnerable smokers were randomly assigned to view one of three warning types (text-only, text with low-emotion images, or text with high-emotion images) four times over two weeks...
December 28, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031377/urine-cotinine-screening-detect-nearly-ubiquitous-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-urban-adolescents
#10
Neal L Benowitz, Shonul Jain, Delia A Dempsey, Natalie Nardone, Gideon St Helen, Peyton Jacob
INTRODUCTION: Routine biochemical assessment of tobacco smoke exposure could lead to more effective interventions to reduce or prevent secondhand smoke (SHS)-related disease in adolescents. Our aim was to determine using urine cotinine (major nicotine metabolite) measurement the prevalence of tobacco smoke exposure among adolescents receiving outpatient care at an urban public hospital. METHODS: Surplus urine was collected in 466 adolescents attending pediatric or urgent care clinics at San Francisco General Hospital, serving families with lower levels of income and education, in 2013-14...
December 28, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028128/association-between-school-level-prevalence-of-electronic-cigarette-use-and-student-level-use-behaviors-pre-use-intentions-and-risk-perceptions-evidence-from-the-2014-u-s-national-youth-tobacco-survey
#11
Adam M Lippert
BACKGROUND: Adolescent electronic cigarette ("e-cigarette") use tripled in recent years, yet little is known about the school-level correlates of teenage e-cigarette use, harm and risk perceptions, or pre-use intentions to use. METHODS: Multilevel regression and 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey data were used to assess school-level e-cigarette prevalence and person-level e-cigarette use as well as age at initiation and frequency of use (among initiates), expectations for future use (among abstainers); and perceived e-cigarette addictivity and harm...
December 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013272/trauma-focused-smoking-cessation-for-smokers-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Adam Gonzalez, Fred Friedberg, Xiaotong Li, Michael J Zvolensky, Evelyn J Bromet, Brittain L Mahaffey, Anka A Vujanovic, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
INTRODUCTION: The main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of an 8-session, group-based comprehensive smoking cessation and trauma management (CSC-T) treatment among daily smokers (≥ 5 cigarettes/day) exposed to the WTC disaster with elevated WTC-related PTSD symptoms. METHODS: Participants (N=90) were randomly assigned to CSC-T (N=44; 63.6% White; 27.3% female; mean age = 51.32±7.87) or comprehensive smoking cessation (CSC) alone (N=46; 71.7% White; 28.3% female; mean age=48...
December 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013271/frequency-of-youth-e-cigarette-and-tobacco-use-patterns-in-the-u-s-measurement-precision-is-critical-to-inform-public-health
#13
Andrea C Villanti, Jennifer L Pearson, Allison M Glasser, Amanda L Johnson, Lauren K Collins, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams
INTRODUCTION: E-cigarette use occurs with tobacco product use in youth. METHODS: Using the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), we examined past 30-day frequency of cigarette, cigar, smokeless, and e-cigarette use in the context of past 30-day and ever tobacco product use in U.S. middle and high school students (N=22,007). Frequency of product-specific use was examined by exclusive versus concurrent use with another product in the past 30 days (poly-use). RESULTS: In 2014, the majority (83%) of U...
December 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013270/impact-of-the-2015-cms-inpatient-psychiatric-facility-quality-reporting-ipfqr-rule-on-tobacco-treatment
#14
Shane Carrillo, Niaman Nazir, Eric Howser, Lisa Shenkman, Melinda Laxson, Taenisha S Scheuermann, Kimber P Richter
INTRODUCTION: In its fiscal year (FY) 2015 final rule, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid (CMS) required reporting of tobacco treatment quality measures as part of the Inpatient Psychiatric Facilities Prospective Payment System (IPF PPS). This pre-intervention, post-intervention policy analysis evaluates the impact of that policy at a large academic medical center that opted to improve performance as it implemented reporting measures. METHODS: Electronic medical record data were collected retrospectively for all adult (≥18 years) inpatient psychiatric admissions from January 1(st) 2014 to December 31(st) 2015...
December 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013269/modelling-the-population-health-effects-of-e-cigarettes-use-current-data-can-help-guide-future-policy-decisions
#15
EDITORIAL
Hayden McRobbie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011791/maternal-smoking-and-newborn-cytokine-and-immunoglobulin-levels
#16
Nikhita Chahal, Alexander C McLain, Akhgar Ghassabian, Kara A Michels, Erin M Bell, David A Lawrence, Edwina H Yeung
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal smoking exposure may lead to permanent changes in neonatal inflammation and immune response that have lifelong implications, including increased risks for atopy and respiratory disorders. METHODS: The effect of maternal smoking on neonatal biomarkers of inflammation and immune response was assessed among 3459 singletons and twins in the Upstate KIDS Study. The following inflammatory biomarkers were measured using newborn dried blood spots (DBSs): interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-6, IL-8, C-reactive protein, and tumor necrosis factor alpha...
December 23, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003513/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-offspring-s-musculoskeletal-pain-in-adolescence-structural-equation-modeling
#17
Anni-Julia Määttä, Markus Paananen, Riikka Marttila, Juha Auvinen, Jouko Miettunen, Jaro Karppinen
INTRODUCTION: Smoking and behavioral problems are related to musculoskeletal (MS) pain in adolescence. Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is associated with offspring's behavioral problems but its relation to MS pain in adolescence is unknown. Our purpose was to investigate whether there is an association between MSDP, the number of pain sites in adolescence, and the factors that potentially mediate this relationship. METHODS: We evaluated the association of MSDP with offspring's MS pain at 16 years among participants of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (n=6436, 3360 girls, 68% of all births) using Chi-square test and independent samples t-test...
December 21, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003512/characteristics-of-american-snus-and-swedish-snus-products-for-sale-in-massachusetts-usa
#18
Andrew B Seidenberg, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, Vaughan W Rees
INTRODUCTION: Snus may present lower health risks than cigarettes, but its harm reduction potential may be undermined if used dually with cigarettes. The likelihood of exclusive snus use compared with dual use may depend in part on the capacity of snus to deliver nicotine in doses that are satisfactory to smokers. We examined characteristics of "American snus" products, including nicotine levels, and compared to snus products that are more typical of Sweden. METHODS: Tobacco industry reports for snus products submitted to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health for the year 2014 were used to assess moisture (%), pH, total nicotine, and un-ionized (free) nicotine (both mg/g and percent of total)...
December 21, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003511/tobacco-consumption-and-toxicant-exposure-of-cigarette-smokers-using-electronic-cigarettes
#19
Kim Pulvers, Ashley S Emami, Nicole L Nollen, Devan R Romero, David R Strong, Neal L Benowitz, Jasjit S Ahluwalia
BACKGROUND: There is considerable debate about the benefits and risks of electronic cigarettes (ECs). To better understand the risk-benefit ratio of ECs, more information is needed about net nicotine consumption and toxicant exposure of cigarette smokers switching to ECs. METHODS: Forty cigarette smokers (>1 year of smoking) interested in switching to ECs but not necessarily quitting smoking were enrolled in a four-week observational study and provided an e-Go C non-variable battery and refillable atomizers and choice of 8 flavors in 12 or 24 mg nicotine dosage...
December 21, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003510/racial-ethnic-differences-in-duration-of-smoking-among-former-smokers-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-nhanes
#20
Miranda R Jones, Corinne E Joshu, Ana Navas-Acien, Elizabeth A Platz
INTRODUCTION: The burden of tobacco-related disease is not uniformly distributed across racial/ethnic groups. Differences in smoking duration by race/ethnicity may contribute to this disparity. Previous studies have examined racial/ethnic differences in smoking duration among ever smokers (former and current smokers combined). It is unknown if racial/ethnic differences in smoking duration are evident among quitters. This study examined racial/ethnic differences in duration of smoking among former smokers in the U...
December 21, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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