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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418634/is-smoking-cessation-in-young-adults-associated-with-tobacco-retailer-availability-in-their-activity-space
#1
Martine Shareck, Geetanjali D Datta, Julie Vallée, Yan Kestens, Katherine L Frohlich
Introduction: The presence of tobacco retailers in residential neighbourhoods has been inversely associated with residents' likelihood of quitting smoking. Few studies have yet explored whether this association holds when accounting for tobacco retailers found in the multiple environments where people conduct their daily activities, i.e., their activity space. Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 921 young adults (18-25 years-old) participating in the Interdisciplinary Study of Inequalities in Smoking (Montreal, Canada)...
November 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407588/youth-access-to-tobacco-products-in-the-united-states-findings-from-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#2
Susanne Tanski, Jennifer Emond, Cassandra Stanton, Thomas Kirchner, Kelvin Choi, Ling Yang, Chase Ryant, Joelle Robinson, Andrew Hyland, Jennifer Emond, Cassandra Stanton, Thomas Kirchner, Kelvin Choi, Ling Yang, Chase Ryant, Joelle Robinson, Andrew Hyland
Objectives: Tobacco products in the US market are growing in diversity. Little is known about how youth access tobacco products given this current landscape. Methods: Data were drawn from 15-17 year olds from the Wave 1 youth sample of the US nationally-representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Past 30-day tobacco users were asked about usual sources of access to 12 different tobacco products, and if they had been refused sale due to their age...
November 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395344/querying-about-the-use-of-specific-e-cigarette-devices-may-enhance-accurate-measurement-of-e-cigarette-prevalence-rates-among-high-school-students
#3
Meghan E Morean, Deepa R Camenga, Krysten W Bold, Grace Kong, Asti Jackson, Patricia Simon, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
Introduction: Prevalence estimates of e-cigarette use may underestimate actual use in youth. Confusion resulting from the fact that a multitude of devices (e.g., vape-pens, JUULs) fall under the umbrella term "e-cigarettes," the use of different names to refer to e-cigarettes (e.g., vapes, electronic vaping devices), and the use of different terminology to refer to e-cigarette use (e.g., "vaping," "JUULing") may lead some young e-cigarette users to incorrectly indicate non-use...
November 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30388273/a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial-testing-the-effectiveness-of-the-addressing-tobacco-through-organizational-change-attoc-model-for-improving-the-treatment-of-tobacco-use-in-community-mental-healthcare-preliminary-study-feasibility-and-baseline-findings
#4
Alex Flitter, Su Fen Lubitz, Douglas Ziedonis, Nathaniel Stevens, Frank Leone, David Mandell, John Kimberly, Oscar Lopez, Rinad S Beidas, Robert A Schnoll
Introduction: People with mental illness are more likely to smoke and less likely to receive tobacco treatment than the general population. The Addressing Tobacco Through Organizational Change (ATTOC) approach supports organizational change to increase tobacco treatment in this population. We describe preliminary study feasibility and baseline behaviors and attitudes among clients and staff regarding tobacco treatment, and assesses correlates of treatment of smoking. Methods: Preliminary accrual, engagement, and baseline data are reported from a cluster-randomized trial comparing ATTOC to usual care...
November 2, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371838/use-of-juul-e-cigarettes-among-youth-in-the-united-states
#5
David Hammond, Olivia A Wackowski, Jessica L Reid, Richard J O'Connor
Introduction: JUUL has emerged as the leading brand in a rapidly evolving e-cigarette market. JUUL is distinctive for its novel nicotine delivery method that results in high nicotine concentrations, as well as its sleek, discreet design. The current study examined national estimates of JUUL among youth in the United States (US), including whether JUUL users report different patterns of use compared to users of other e-cigarettes. Methods: Data was analyzed from the US arm of the ITC Youth Tobacco and E-cigarette Survey, an online survey conducted in July/August 2017 with youth aged 16 through 19 recruited from consumer panels (n=4086)...
October 27, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371887/sex-differences-in-subjective-and-behavioral-responses-to-stressful-and-smoking-cues-presented-in-the-natural-environment-of-smokers
#6
Rachel L Tomko, Michael E Saladin, Nathaniel L Baker, Erin A McClure, Matthew J Carpenter, Viswanathan R Ramakrishnan, Bryan W Heckman, Jennifer M Wray, Katherine T Foster, Stephen T Tiffany, Christopher L Metts, Kevin M Gray
Introduction: Some evidence suggests that female smokers may show more context-dependent smoking and that males may show more stereotyped smoking (regardless of stress or cue exposure). The goal of this study was to characterize sex differences in response to stressful and smoking cues ecologically presented in daily life and variability in day-to-day smoking behavior. Methods: Adult smokers (N=177) provided ratings of mood and cigarette craving before and after stress and smoking cues were presented 4 times daily for 14 days via a mobile device...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371826/latent-structure-of-the-cpt-among-treatment-seeking-smokers-with-depression-and-its-predictive-validity-on-smoking-abstinence
#7
Alba González-Roz, Roberto Secades-Villa, Sara Weidberg, Ángel García-Pérez, Derek D Reed
Introduction: Research has recently shown that nicotine reinforcement is better characterized by a bi-factorial latent structure: Persistence (insensitivity to cigarette pricing) and Amplitude (consumption at inexpensive prices). No study to date has examined its value as a predictor of abstinence. This study aimed to provide new evidence on the CPT´s latent structure in smokers with depressive symptoms, and to examine whether the latent structure performs better as a predictor of continuous abstinence than do the individual indices...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365035/home-health-and-community-care-workers-occupational-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-a-rapid-literature-review
#8
K Angus, S Semple
Introduction: While many workers are protected from exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS), home health and community care workers enter domestic settings where SHS is commonly present. Little is known about the extent of SHS exposure among this occupational group. Methods: A rapid review to examine the literature on home health and community care workers' exposure to SHS at work and identify research gaps. Systematic searches combining terms for SHS exposure (e...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365024/measurement-of-electronic-cigarette-frequency-of-use-among-smokers-participating-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jessica Yingst, Jonathan Foulds, Susan Veldheer, Caroline O Cobb, Miao-Shan Yen, Shari Hrabovsky, Sophia I Allen, Chris Bullen, Thomas Eissenberg
Background: The US FDA has prioritized understanding the dependence potential of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs). Dependence is often estimated in part by examining frequency of use, however measures of e-cig use are not well developed due to varying product types. This study used an e-cig automatic puff counter to evaluate the value of self-reported e-cig use measures in predicting actual use (puffs). Methods: Data was collected from a two-site randomized placebo-controlled trial evaluating the effects of e-cigs on toxicant exposure in smokers attempting to reduce their cigarette consumption...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365022/evidence-for-genetic-correlations-and-bidirectional-causal-effects-between-smoking-and-sleep-behaviours
#10
Mark Gibson, Marcus R Munafò, Amy E Taylor, Jorien L Treur
Introduction: Cigarette smokers are at increased risk of poor sleep behaviours. However, it is largely unknown whether these associations are due to shared (genetic) risk factors and/or causal effects (which may be bi-directional). Methods: We obtained summary-level data of genome-wide association studies of smoking (smoking initiation (n=74,035), cigarettes per day (n=38,181) and smoking cessation (n=41,278)) and sleep behaviours (sleep duration and chronotype, or 'morningness') (n=128,266) and insomnia (n=113,006))...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365016/a-validation-and-calibration-process-for-self-reported-tobacco-use-with-participants-cotinine-levels-an-example-from-the-building-blocks-trial
#11
Chao Huang, Zoe Roberts, Rebecca Cannings-John, Julia Sanders, Kate Pickett, Alan Montgomery, Michael Robling
Introduction: Reducing smoking in pregnancy was a primary outcome in our Building Blocks trial of the Family Nurse Partnership[1]. We calibrated maternal reports of smoking using cotinine values derived from urine samples to assess tobacco use [2]. This involves identifying the extent to which an individual accurately reports smoking and requires complete and synchronized data collection over time. However, some urine samples may be missed or collected at a different time from self-report (non-synchronised)...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365010/dual-users-compared-to-smokers-demographics-dependence-and-biomarkers
#12
Megan E Piper, Timothy B Baker, Neal L Benowitz, Kate Kobinsky, Douglas E Jorenby
Introduction: The availability of e-cigarettes has profoundly changed the tobacco product landscape. In the US, almost 6 million adults use both combustible and electronic cigarettes (i.e., dual users). The goal of this study is to understand how smokers and dual users differ in terms of demographics, cigarette dependence, and exposure to carcinogens. Methods: An observational cohort (smokers, n=166, ≥5 cigarettes/day for 6 months and no e-cigarette use in 3 months; dual users, n=256, smoked daily for 3 months and used e-cigarettes at least once/week for the past 3 months) completed baseline assessments of demographics, tobacco use, and dependence...
October 26, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357377/current-and-former-smokers-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-for-quitting-smoking-an-exploratory-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Deepa R Camenga, Grace Kong, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357368/a-brief-history-of-innovation-based-in-science-the-society-for-research-on-nicotine-and-tobacco-and-its-journal-nicotine-tobacco-research
#14
Gary E Swan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351429/cigarette-smoking-quit-rates-among-persons-with-serious-psychological-distress-in-the-united-states-from-2008-2016-are-mental-health-disparities-in-cigarette-use-increasing
#15
Joanna M Streck, Andrea H Weinberger, Lauren R Pacek, Misato Gbedemah, Renee D Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: Prior work suggests that the prevalence of cigarette smoking is persistently higher among people with mental health problems, relative to those without. Lower quit rates are one factor that could contribute to higher prevalence of smoking in this group. The current study estimated trends in the cigarette quit rates among people with and without past-month serious psychological distress (SPD) from 2008-2016 in the United States. METHODS: Data were drawn from 91,739 adult participants in the 2008-2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a repeated, cross-sectional, national survey...
October 23, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380134/study-characteristics-influence-the-efficacy-of-substance-abuse-treatments-a-meta-analysis-of-medications-for-smoking-cessation
#16
Elias M Klemperer, John R Hughes, Shelly Naud
Background: Understanding study characteristics' influence on treatment efficacy could improve interpretation of trials' outcomes. We examined study characteristics as predictors of outcomes in clinical trials of medications for tobacco use. Methods: We obtained and analyzed data on 44 trials of nicotine gum, 37 trials of nicotine patch, 27 trials of varenicline, and 43 trials of bupropion from Cochrane reviews. We extracted and analyzed data for 15 study characteristics, odds ratios (OR), and percent abstinent in control and medication conditions...
October 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346615/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-depressive-symptoms-in-children-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Robert J Wellman, Karen M Wilson, Erin K O'Loughlin, Erika N Dugas, Annie Montreuil, Jennifer O'Loughlin
Introduction: We investigated whether secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of children. Methods: Never-smoking students from 29 French-language elementary schools in greater Montréal, Canada) were followed from 5th-11th grade (2005-11) in 5 waves: (1 (5th grade), 2 (spring 6th grade), 3 (7th grade), 4 (9th grade) and 5 (11th grade)). Associations between depressive symptoms and SHS exposure at home and in cars were examined in cross-sectional and longitudinal gamma generalized regression models adjusted for sex, maternal education and neighborhood socioeconomic status...
October 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346585/quitting-behaviors-among-dual-cigarette-e-cigarette-users-and-cigarette-smokers-enrolled-in-the-tobacco-user-adult-cohort-tuac
#18
Laura Sweet, Theodore M Brasky, Sarah Cooper, Nathan Doogan, Alice Hinton, Elizabeth G Klein, Haikady Nagaraja, Amanda Quisenberry, Wenna Xi, Mary Ellen Wewers
Purpose: We examined quitting behaviors among a cohort of dual users (cigarettes and e-cigarettes) and exclusive cigarette smokers for: 1) cigarette smoking reduction; 2) quit attempts; 3) abstinence from cigarettes; and 4) abstinence from all tobacco products. Methods: Participants enrolled in the Tobacco User Adult Cohort (TUAC) and categorized as 'daily' user of cigarettes and 'daily' or 'some days per week' use of e-cigarettes (i.e. dual users) (n=88) or 'daily' user of cigarettes only (i...
October 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346584/free-radical-carbonyl-and-nicotine-levels-produced-by-juul-electronic-cigarettes
#19
Samantha M Reilly, Zachary T Bitzer, Reema Goel, Neil Trushin, John P Richie
Introduction: Free radicals and carbonyls produced by electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) have the potential to inflict oxidative stress. Recently, Juul e-cigs have risen drastically in popularity; however, there is no data on nicotine and oxidant yields from this new e-cig design. Methods: Aerosol generated from four different Juul flavors was analyzed for carbonyls, nicotine, and free radicals. The e-liquids were analyzed for propylene glycol (PG) and glycerol (GLY) concentrations...
October 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339211/vapes-e-cigs-and-mods-what-do-young-adults-call-e-cigarettes
#20
Jennifer L Pearson, Domonique M Reed, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: A diverse class of products, "e-cigarettes" present surveillance and regulatory challenges due to nonstandard terminology used to describe subtypes, especially among young adults, where occasional e-cig use is most prevalent. Methods: Young adults (n=3,364) in Wave 9 (Spring 2016) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort were randomized to see two of five photos of common e-cig products (three varieties of first-generation e-cigs and one variety each of second- and third-generation e-cigs)...
October 19, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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