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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431153/trends-in-absolute-and-relative-educational-inequalities-in-adult-smoking-since-the-early-2000s-the-case-of-germany
#1
Jens Hoebel, Benjamin Kuntz, Lars E Kroll, Jonas D Finger, Johannes Zeiher, Cornelia Lange, Thomas Lampert
Introduction: Since the early 2000s, several tobacco control policies have been implemented in Germany. Current research is inconsistent about how strengthening tobacco control can affect social inequalities in smoking. This study examines whether educational inequalities in adult smoking have widened in Germany since 2003. Methods: Data were used from four cross-sectional national health surveys conducted between 2003-2012 (n=54,197; age=25-69 years). Participants who smoked daily or occasionally were classified as smokers...
April 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431080/systematic-review-of-measures-used-in-pictorial-cigarette-pack-warning-experiments
#2
Diane B Francis, Marissa G Hall, Seth M Noar, Kurt M Ribisl, Noel T Brewer
Background.: We sought to describe characteristics and psychometric properties of measures used in pictorial cigarette pack warning experiments, and provide recommendations for future studies. Methods.: Our systematic review identified 68 pictorial cigarette pack warning experiments conducted between 2000 and 2016 in 22 countries. Two independent coders coded all studies on study features, including sample characteristics, theoretical framework, and constructs assessed...
April 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402519/response-to-the-commentary-on-maes-et-al-a-genetic-epidemiological-mega-analysis-of-smoking-initiation-in-adolescents
#3
Hermine H Maes, Michael C Neale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402456/smoking-cessation-and-the-reduction-of-disability-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-cohort-study
#4
Radu Tanasescu, Cris S Constantinescu, Christopher R Tench, Ali Manouchehrinia
Background: Smoking is associated with a more severe disease course in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The magnitude of effect of smoking cessation on MS progression is unknown. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of smoking cessation on reaching MS disability milestones. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with retrospective reports. A comprehensive smoking questionnaire was sent to 1270 patients with MS registered between 1994 and 2013 in the Nottingham University Hospital MS Clinics database...
April 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398492/a-proactive-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-smokers-the-role-of-smoking-related-stigma
#5
Patrick Hammett, Steven S Fu, David Nelson, Barbara Clothier, Jessie E Saul, Rachel Widome, Elisheva R Danan, Diana J Burgess
Introduction: Smoking de-normalization has been paralleled by reduced smoking prevalence, but smoking rates among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations remain high. The social unacceptability of smoking has also led to increased perceptions of smoking-related stigma. By examining how smoking stigma influences cessation intervention effectiveness, we can better tailor interventions to socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers. Methods: Data are from a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of a proactive cessation intervention on abstinence...
April 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387864/psychometric-properties-of-fagerstr%C3%A3-m-test-for-nicotine-dependence-for-smokeless-tobacco-users-ftnd-st
#6
Nasir Mushtaq, Laura Beebe
Introduction: Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) is the most commonly used measure of dependence among tobacco users. Psychometric properties of FTND have been validated among cigarette smokers, but the reliability and validity of its variant for smokeless tobacco (ST) users (FTND-ST) is not well documented. The objective of the present study is to evaluate reliability, construct validity, and structure model of FTND-ST. Methods: Data from 95 exclusive ST users living in Oklahoma were used for this study...
April 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387852/a-daily-diary-study-of-joint-quit-attempts-by-dual-smoker-couples-the-role-of-received-and-provided-social-support
#7
Janina Lüscher, Gertraud Stadler, Urte Scholz
Introduction: Smoking individuals often have a romantic partner who also smokes. Social support from a partner is assumed to be beneficial for successful smoking cessation. To date, no study has examined daily support and smoking in dual-smoker couples jointly attempting to quit. The aim was to test the hypothesis that smokers cut down more on days with higher received and provided emotional and instrumental support. Men are expected to benefit more from support provision of their female partners than vice versa...
April 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387850/nicotine-metabolite-ratio-nmr-prospectively-predicts-smoking-relapse-longitudinal-findings-from-itc-surveys-in-five-countries
#8
Brian V Fix, Richard J O'Connor, Neal Benowitz, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, James F Thrasher
Introduction: The ratio of trans 3'-hydroxycotinine (3HC) to cotinine (nicotine metabolite ratio, NMR) is a biomarker of the rate of nicotine metabolism, with higher NMR indicating faster metabolism. Higher NMR has been found to be associated with higher daily cigarette consumption and less success stopping smoking in cessation trials. This study examines differences in NMR among population-based samples of smokers in the 5 countries and explores the relationship between NMR and smoking abstinence...
April 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387844/improving-the-efficiency-of-grant-and-journal-peer-review-registered-reports-funding
#9
Marcus Munafò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387825/misplaced-trust-racial-differences-in-use-of-tobacco-products-and-trust-in-sources-of-tobacco-health-information
#10
Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Z Sharif, Brittany N Morey
Introduction: Recently, the rates of utilization of alternative tobacco products have increased. Providing health information about tobacco products from trustworthy sources may help decrease the popularity of these products. Using a nationally representative study of adults, we fill the current gap in research on racial and ethnic disparities in utilization of alternative tobacco products as well as in trust of sources of health information about tobacco products. Methods: Data came from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) (N=3,738), which was collected in 2015...
April 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379568/are-cigarette-smokers-e-cigarette-users-and-dual-users-health-risk-beliefs-and-responses-to-advertising-influenced-by-addiction-warnings-and-product-type
#11
Christopher Berry, Scot Burton, Elizabeth Howlett
Introduction: This research examines cigarette smokers' and e-cigarette users' product-related health risk beliefs across tobacco products and considers the effects of addiction warnings on consumers' responses to persuasion attempts. Methods: Study 1 used a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 195 adult cigarette smokers, e-cigarette users, and dual-users to examine health risk beliefs associated with combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes (cancer, lung disease, stroke, heart disease, harm to an unborn baby, and addiction)...
April 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379511/animal-research-on-nicotine-reduction-current-evidence-and-research-gaps
#12
Tracy T Smith, Laura E Rupprecht, Rachel L Denlinger-Apte, Jillian J Weeks, Rachel S Panas, Eric C Donny, Alan F Sved
This review will provide policy makers and clinical researchers interested in nicotine reduction with an overview of the preclinical animal research conducted on nicotine reduction and the regulatory implications of that research. The review also highlights the utility of preclinical research for research questions related to nicotine reduction.
April 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379467/can-smokefree-policies-reduce-tobacco-use-disparities-of-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-missouri
#13
Jenna Wintemberg, Jane McElroy, Bin Ge, Kevin Everett
Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the associations between smokefree policies, current and former smoking status, personal smoking restrictions, and intention to quit among SGM and non-SGM individuals in Missouri. Methods: The current analysis derives from the Out, Proud and Healthy project. Chi-squares examined differences between SGM (N=2210) and non-SGM (N=586) respondents and former (N=836) and current (N=1960) smokers on smoking-related variables...
April 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371888/tobacco-nicotine-education-and-training-for-health-care-professional-students-and-practitioners-a-systematic-review
#14
Lisa Ye, Catherine Goldie, Tanvi Sharma, Sheila John, Megan Bamford, Patricia M Smith, Peter Selby, Annette Sh Schultz
Introduction: The objective of this systematic review was to investigate what education and training characteristics prepares and supports health-care professionals (HCPs) in the delivery of competent and effective care to clients who use tobacco-nicotine. Methods: A search of eight bibliographic databases for English-language peer-reviewed publications from January 2006 to March 2015. Studies were included if they met the a priori inclusion criteria, which consisted of: 1) quantitative study design, and 2) focus on tobacco-nicotine education or training for HCP students and practitioners...
March 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371840/discontinuous-patterns-of-cigarette-smoking-from-age-18-to-50-in-the-u-s-a-repeated-measures-latent-class-analysis
#15
Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston
Introduction: Effective cigarette smoking prevention and intervention programming is enhanced by accurate understanding of developmental smoking pathways across the lifespan. This study investigated within-person patterns of cigarette smoking from age 18-50 among a U.S. national sample of high school graduates, focusing on identifying ages of particular importance for smoking involvement change. Methods: Using data from approximately 15,000 individuals participating in the longitudinal Monitoring the Future study, trichotomous measures of past 30-day smoking obtained at 11 time points were modeled using repeated-measures latent class analyses...
March 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371856/population-modeling-of-modified-risk-tobacco-products-accounting-for-smoking-reduction-and-gradual-transitions-of-relative-risk
#16
Bill Poland, Florian Teischinger
Introduction: As suggested by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Modified Risk Tobacco Product (MRTP) Applications Draft Guidance, we developed a statistical model based on public data to explore the effect on population mortality of an MRTP resulting in reduced conventional cigarette smoking. Many cigarette smokers who try an MRTP persist as dual users while smoking fewer conventional cigarettes per day (CPD). Lower-CPD smokers have lower mortality risk based on large cohort studies...
March 27, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371807/nicotine-withdrawal-induces-neural-deficits-in-reward-processing
#17
Jason A Oliver, David E Evans, Merideth A Addicott, Geoffrey F Potts, Thomas H Brandon, David J Drobes
Introduction: Nicotine withdrawal reduces neurobiological responses to non-smoking rewards. Insight into these reward deficits could inform the development of targeted interventions. This study examined the effect of withdrawal on neural and behavioral responses during a reward prediction task. Methods: Smokers (N = 48) attended two laboratory sessions following overnight abstinence. Withdrawal was manipulated by having participants smoke three regular nicotine (0...
March 27, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371843/availability-price-and-packaging-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-e-liquids-in-guatemala-city-retailers
#18
Violeta Chacon, Astrid Arriaza, Patricia Cavazos, Joaquin Barnoya
Introduction: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have the potential to normalize smoking and undermine tobacco control efforts. However, if well regulated, they also have a potential as smoking cessation aids. This study sought to determine the availability and types of e-cigarettes and e-liquids in Guatemala. We also assessed packaging characteristics and price. Methods: We surveyed a convenient sample of 39 Guatemala City retailers and purchased all e-cigarettes and e-liquids available...
March 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371900/cigarette-nicotine-content-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-negative-affect-and-smoking
#19
Jason D Robinson, George Kypriotakis, Maher Karam-Hage, Charles E Green, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Paul M Cinciripini, Eric C Donny
Introduction: Research suggests a strong association between negative affect and smoking. However, little is known about the association between negative affect and smoking among individuals who switch to reduced-nicotine cigarettes. The goal of this study was to examine the extent to which cigarette nicotine content moderates the relationship between negative affect and smoking over time. Methods: 717 participants, 237 in the normal nicotine content (NNC; 15.8 mg/g and usual brand) cigarette group and 480 in the very low nicotine content (VLNC; 2...
March 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371890/type-of-e-cigarette-device-used-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-findings-from-a-pooled-analysis-of-8-studies-of-2-166-vapers
#20
Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Laura A Gibson, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Melissa B Harrell, Grace Kong, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Adam M Leventhal, Alexandra Loukas, Rob McConnell, Scott R Weaver
Background: A recent study of adult smokers who vape found that disposable/cigalike electronic (e-) cigarette devices were more commonly used than later generation devices. However, whether these trends reflect patterns among adolescents and young adults, many of whom have limited or no history of combustible cigarette use, has not been studied. Methods: Participants were drawn from 8 locally, regionally, and U.S. nationally representative studies. Surveys took place between Fall 2014 and Spring 2016; participants were residents of California (3 studies), Texas (2 studies), Connecticut (1 study), or randomly selected from the United States population (2 studies)...
March 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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