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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219867/longitudinal-and-reciprocal-relationships-between-psychological-well-being-and-smoking
#1
Sara Lappan, Christopher B Thorne, Dustin Long, Peter S Hendricks
Introduction: Smoking cessation treatments currently succeed at a rate of approximately 20-30%, underscoring the importance of exploring factors that might increase intervention effectiveness. While negative affect has been studied extensively in relation to smoking cessation, psychological well-being (PWB; e.g., life satisfaction, optimism, positive affect, purpose in life) has received little attention. This study tested longitudinal and reciprocal relationships between PWB and smoking status in older adults...
September 14, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215785/extended-nicotine-patch-treatment-among-smokers-with-and-without-comorbid-psychopathology
#2
Allison J Carroll, Amanda R Mathew, Frank T Leone, E Paul Wileyto, Andrew Miele, Robert A Schnoll, Brian Hitsman
Introduction: Individuals with psychiatric conditions smoke at higher rates than the general population and may need more intensive treatment to quit. We examined whether or not extended treatment with nicotine patch, combined with behavior counseling, would disproportionally benefit smokers with versus without a lifetime psychiatric condition. Methods: We conducted secondary data analysis of data from an effectiveness trial of treatment with 12 counseling sessions (48 weeks) and 21-mg nicotine patch (8, 24, or 52 weeks) among 525 adult daily smokers (Schnoll et al 2015 JAMA Intern Med)...
September 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215774/the-application-of-commercially-available-mobile-cigarette-topography-devices-for-e-cigarette-vaping-behavior-measurements
#3
Vladimir B Mikheev, Stephanie S Buehler, Marielle C Brinkman, Courtney A Granville, Timothy E Lane, Alexander Ivanov, Kandice M Cross, Pamela I Clark
Introduction: The ability to reliably measure real-world vaping behavior is critical to understand exposures to potential toxins. Commercially available mobile topography devices were originally designed to measure cigarette puffing behavior. Information regarding how applicable these devices are to the measurement of e-cigarette vaping topography is needed. Methods: CReSS (Pocket) and SPA-M mobile topography devices were tested against the calibrated laboratory-based SPA-D device combined with an analytical smoking machine that generates programmable puffs with high precision...
September 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30202883/biomarkers-of-tobacco-exposure-decrease-after-smokers-switch-to-an-e-cigarette-or-nicotine-gum
#4
Elaine K Round, Peter Chen, Anthony K Taylor, Eckhardt Schmidt
Introduction: The aerosol composition of electronic cigarettes (ECs) suggests that exposure to toxicants during use is greatly reduced compared to exposure from combustible cigarettes (CCs). Methods: This randomized, parallel-group, clinical study enrolled smokers to switch to Vuse Solo (VS) Digital Vapor Cigarettes (Original or Menthol) or Nicorette 4 mg nicotine gum (NG) in a controlled setting. Subjects who smoked CCs ad libitum for 2 days during a baseline period were then randomized to ad libitum use of either VS or NG for 5 days...
September 10, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203054/therapeutic-applications-of-nicotinic-stimulation-successes-failures-and-future-prospects
#5
Paul A Newhouse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30202916/smoking-reduces-plasma-bilirubin-observational-and-genetic-analyses-in-the-copenhagen-general-population-study
#6
Jakob B Kodal, Yunus Çolak, Camilla J Kobylecki, Signe Vedel-Krogh, Børge G Nordestgaard, Shoaib Afzal
Introduction: Observational studies have found lower concentrations of plasma bilirubin in current smokers compared to former and never smokers. However, whether there is a causal relationship between smoking and bilirubin is unknown. In a Mendelian randomisation analysis, we tested the hypothesis that higher tobacco consumption is causally associated with lower concentrations of plasma bilirubin. Methods: We genotyped 103 557 individuals aged 20-100 years from the Copenhagen General Population Study for the CHRNA3 rs1051730 genotype, known to be associated with higher tobacco consumption...
September 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203076/biomarkers-of-exposure-among-dual-users-of-tobacco-cigarettes-and-electronic-cigarettes-in-canada
#7
Christine D Czoli, Geoffrey T Fong, Maciej L Goniewicz, David Hammond
Introduction: "Dual use" refers to the concurrent use of tobacco cigarettes (smoking) and e-cigarettes (vaping). Although dual use is common among e-cigarette users, there is little evidence regarding biomarkers of exposure among dual users and how these change under different conditions of product use. Methods: A non-blinded within-subjects cross-over experiment was conducted with adult daily dual users (n=48) in Ontario, Canada. Participants completed three consecutive seven-day periods in which the use of tobacco cigarettes and e-cigarettes was experimentally manipulated, resulting in four study conditions: dual use, exclusive smoking, exclusive vaping, and no product use...
September 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30202853/the-response-of-retailers-in-scotland-to-the-standardised-packaging-of-tobacco-products-regulations-and-tobacco-products-directive
#8
Richard I Purves, Crawford Moodie, Douglas Eadie, Martine Stead
Introduction: With most marketing channels prohibited, the retail environment has assumed greater importance for tobacco companies, even in markets with a ban on the open display of tobacco products. Research has yet to qualitatively explore how retailers respond to standardized packaging in a country where this has been introduced. Methods: As part of the DISPLAY study, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 24 small retailers in Scotland between May 23 and June 26, 2017; the interviews were conducted after The Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Products Regulations and the Tobacco Products Directive were fully implemented...
September 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192964/tobacco-harm-reduction-making-sure-no-one-gets-left-behind
#9
Tessa Langley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184216/association-between-adolescent-body-mass-index-and-adulthood-smoking
#10
Michael Fang
Introduction: Studies increasingly find a prospective association between adolescent weight status and adverse physical health outcomes. However, less is known about the long-term consequences of adolescent body weight on the adoption of health risk behaviors. This study sought to determine whether adolescent body mass index (BMI) was associated with cigarette smoking in adulthood. Methods: 6,683 non-smoking adolescents were interviewed at baseline (1996, age 11-20) and at follow-up (2008, age 24-32) as part of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health...
September 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169797/evaluation-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-the-effectiveness-of-a-culturally-targeted-and-non-targeted-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-smokers
#11
Alicia K Matthews, Alana Steffen, Lisa Kuhns, Raymond Ruiz, Natalie Ross, Larisa Burke, Chien Ching Li, Andrea C King
Purpose: To examine the benefits of a culturally targeted compared to a non-targeted smoking cessation intervention on smoking cessation outcomes among LGBT smokers. Methods: A prospective randomized design was used to evaluate the added benefits of an LGBT culturally targeted Courage to Quit (CTQ-CT) smoking cessation treatment (N = 172) compared to the standard intervention (CTQ) (N=173). The smoking cessation program consisted of six treatment sessions combined with 8 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy...
August 31, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169740/coach2quit-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-personal-carbon-monoxide-monitor-for-smoking-cessation
#12
Nandita Krishnan, Jessica L Elf, Sandy Chon, Jonathan E Golub
Introduction: Mobile phone messaging support and biomarker feedback independently show evidence of increasing an individual's likelihood of quitting smoking. However, the combination of these two strategies to facilitate smoking cessation has not been adequately explored. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in Baltimore, Maryland to assess the efficacy of COach2Quit, a smartphone application that provides exhaled carbon monoxide readings with message support...
August 29, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165705/efficacy-of-pharmacotherapy-for-smoking-cessation-in-adolescent-smokers-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Seung-Kwon Myung, Joo-Young Park
Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation among adolescent smokers by using a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched from the inception to January 20, 2018. We included RCTs of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation among adolescent smokers aged less than 20 years. Data were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis. The primary outcome measures were a smoking abstinence rate and its relative risk (RR) at the longest follow-up period in each study validated by biochemical markers...
August 28, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165494/reduced-risk-warnings-versus-the-u-s-fda-mandated-addiction-warning-the-effects-of-e-cigarette-warning-variations-on-health-risk-perceptions
#14
Christopher Berry, Scot Burton
Introduction: Research on e-cigarette warnings has primarily focused on addiction warnings, such as the one soon to be required by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. However, reduced-risk warnings, similar to the warnings recently proposed for smokeless tobacco products, remain a future possibility for e-cigarettes. Thus, this brief report compares e-cigarette health risk perceptions based on reduced-risk warnings and the FDA addiction risk warning and considers whether these warnings differ in believability, ease of comprehension, and perceptions about the clarity of risk communication...
August 28, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165688/smoking-and-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-25-country-analysis-of-the-demographic-health-surveys
#15
John D Murphy, Benmei Liu, Mark Parascandola
Introduction: Having HIV/AIDS has been associated with a higher prevalence of smoking. Moreover, evidence suggests that people with HIV/AIDS who smoke have poorer treatment and survival outcomes. The HIV-smoking relationship is understudied in sub-Saharan Africa, where tobacco use patterns and HIV prevalence differ greatly from other world regions. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Demographic Health Surveys and AIDS Indicator Surveys, representing 25 sub-Saharan African countries, were pooled for analysis (n=286,850)...
August 27, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165417/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-youth-cigarette-use-in-2013-and-2016-emerging-disparities-in-the-context-of-declining-smoking-rates
#16
Michael J Parks, Laurel Davis, John H Kingsbury, Rebecca J Shlafer
Introduction: Cigarette use has dropped dramatically among youth since 2013, but smoking-related disparities persist. We examine who still smokes in the context of declining smoking rates. Using the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), we examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cigarette use in 2013 and 2016. We assess how use rates changed, how ACEs relate to cigarette use, and the degree to which youth with ACEs comprise the current smoking population. Methods: Data came from 2013 and 2016 MSS...
August 27, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165686/use-of-cigarettes-with-flavour-changing-capsules-among-smokers-in-the-united-kingdom-an-online-survey
#17
Crawford Moodie, Anne Marie MacKintosh, James F Thrasher, Ann McNeill, Sara Hitchman
Introduction: Cigarettes with flavour-changing capsules in the filter have experienced phenomenal global growth in the last decade. We explore socio-demographic and smoking-related factors associated with using capsule cigarettes, how frequently users burst the capsule, and reasons for using them. Methods: An online survey was conducted in the United Kingdom between April-May 2016 with 6234 factory-made and/or hand-rolled cigarette smokers. This analysis focuses on 3620 factory-made cigarette smokers, aged 18 years and over, who had smoked in the past month...
August 24, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165458/pregnancy-induced-increases-in-the-nicotine-metabolite-ratio-examining-changes-during-antepartum-and-postpartum
#18
Christopher A Arger, Taraneh Taghavi, Sarah H Heil, Joan Skelly, Rachel F Tyndale, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Pregnancy-induced increases in nicotine metabolism may contribute to difficulties in quitting smoking during pregnancy. However, the time-course of changes in nicotine metabolism during early and late pregnancy are unclear. The present study investigated how pregnancy alters the nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR), a common biomarker of nicotine metabolism among non-pregnant smokers. Methods: Urinary NMR (3-hydroxycotinine (3HC)/cotinine (COT)) was assessed using total (free + glucuronide) and free compounds among women (N=47) from a randomized controlled trial for smoking cessation who self-reported smoking and provided a urine sample during early pregnancy (M ± SD = 12...
August 24, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137618/alpha7-nicotinic-receptors-as-therapeutic-targets-in-schizophrenia
#19
Jason R Tregellas, Korey P Wylie
By examining alpha7 nicotinic receptor biology and recent efforts to target the receptor in clinical trials, it is hoped that investigators will be motivated to explore novel, promising directions focusing on the receptor as a strategy to treat cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia.
August 23, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137529/an-experimental-feasibility-study-of-a-hybrid-telephone-counseling-text-messaging-intervention-for-post-discharge-cessation-support-among-hospitalized-smokers-in-brazil
#20
Erica Cruvinel, Kimber P Richter, Fernando Colugnati, Telmo Mota Ronzani
Objective: Text messaging interventions are effective. Despite high utilization of smart phones, few studies evaluate text messaging for cessation in middle/lower income countries. Initiating tobacco treatment in hospitals is an effective but underutilized approach for reaching smokers. We evaluated a hybrid phone counseling/text messaging intervention for supporting cessation among hospitalized smokers in Brazil. Methods: We used an experimental design to assess the feasibility and potential effect size of the intervention...
August 23, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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