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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342310/temporal-trends-of-sources-of-cigarettes-among-u-s-high-school-students-2001-2015
#1
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
Introduction: Restricting the supply of cigarettes to youth plays an important role in reducing youth smoking. Methods: The study included data from 8 years of the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2001 to 2015 with 99,572 high school students less than 18 years old. Data were weighted to provide national estimates of the temporal trends of cigarette sources. Each cigarette source was analyzed by a separate multivariable logistic regression model and the linear trend odds ratio (aOR) was adjusted by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and smoking frequency...
January 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342304/introduction-of-standardised-tobacco-packaging-during-a-12-month-transition-period-findings-from-small-retailers-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Nathan Critchlow, Martine Stead, Crawford Moodie, Douglas Eadie, Anne Marie MacKintosh
Introduction: Factory-made cigarettes (FMC) and roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco have had to be produced in standardised packaging since 20th May 2016 in the United Kingdom, with a minimum pack size of 20 sticks for FMC and 30 grams for RYO. Manufacturers and retailers were given a 12-month transition period. Methods: An observational study was conducted using monthly Electronic Point of Sale data from 500 small retailers in England, Scotland, and Wales, between May 2016 and May 2017...
January 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342303/biomarkers-for-tobacco-exposures-toxicology-regulation-and-cessation
#3
Andrew W Bergen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325111/risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-smokeless-tobacco-users-results-of-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-global-data
#4
Ruchika Gupta, Sanjay Gupta, Shashi Sharma, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: Use of smokeless tobacco (SLT) products has been linked to multiple adverse effects, especially precancer and cancer of oral cavity. However, the association of SLT use with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is shrouded with controversy due to conflicting results in the literature. The present meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the risk of CHD among adult ever-users of SLT products along with subgroup analysis. Methods: The analysis included studies retrieved from a systematic literature search for published articles assessing risk of CHD with SLT use...
January 9, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319815/chemical-analysis-and-simulated-pyrolysis-of-tobacco-heating-system-2-2-compared-to-conventional-cigarettes
#5
Xiangyu Li, Yanbo Luo, Xingyi Jiang, Hongfei Zhang, Fengpeng Zhu, Shaodong Hu, Hongwei Hou, Qingyuan Hu, Yongqiang Pang
Introduction: Tobacco Heating System 2.2 (THS 2.2, marketed as iQOS), is a heat-not-burn (HNB) tobacco product that has been successfully introduced to global markets. Despite its expanding market, few independent and systematic researches into THS 2.2 have been carried out to date. Methods: We tested a comprehensive list of total particulate matter (TPM), water, tar, nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerin, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, aromatic amines, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia, N-nitrosamines, phenol, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon under both ISO and HCI regimes...
January 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#6
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301008/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-nicotine-dependence-item-bank-for-use-with-electronic-cigarettes
#7
Meghan Morean, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Steve Sussman, Jonathan Foulds, Howard Fishbein, Rachel Grana, Stephanie S O'Malley
Introduction: Psychometrically sound measures of e-cigarette dependence are lacking. Methods: We modified the PROMIS Nicotine Dependence Item Banks for use with e-cigarettes and evaluated the psychometrics of the 22-, 8- and 4-item adapted versions. 1009 adults who reported using e-cigarettes at least weekly completed an anonymous survey in Summer 2016 (50.2% male, 77.1% White, mean age 35.81 [10.71], 66.4% daily e-cigarette users, 72.6% current cigarette smokers)...
January 2, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301003/lest-we-forget-harm-reduction-research-is-important-and-increasing-but-other-facets-of-tobacco-control-research-remain-a-high-priority
#8
Richard Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300994/sexual-orientation-discrimination-and-tobacco-use-disparities-in-the-united-states
#9
Sean Esteban McCabe, Tonda L Hughes, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Brady T West, Carol J Boyd, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren
Introduction: Differences in tobacco/nicotine use by sexual orientation are well documented. Development of interventions requires attention to the etiology of these differences. This study examined associations among sexual orientation discrimination, cigarette smoking, any tobacco/nicotine use, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder (TUD) in the U.S. Methods: We used data from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions based on in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized U...
December 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301029/primary-care-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-promoting-the-reduction-of-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-a-mixed-methods-review-and-synthesis
#10
Jaidev Kaur, Amanda Farley, Kate Jolly, Laura L Jones
Introduction: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) leads to increased mortality and morbidity. Primary care healthcare professionals (HCPs) are well-placed to support patients to reduce SHSe. This paper explores HCPs': (i) knowledge around SHSe; (ii) current practices to promote SHSe reduction; (iii) beliefs and experiences regarding delivering interventions to reduce SHSe; and (iv) identified factors that influence the delivery of SHSe-related interventions. Methods: Six electronic databases were searched for relevant literature published January 1980 - February 2016...
December 28, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300946/surgeon-general-s-reports-on-tobacco-a-continued-legacy-of-unbiased-and-rigorous-synthesis-of-the-scientific-evidence
#11
Brian A King, MeLisa R Creamer, Melissa Harrell, Steven Kelder, Leslie Norman, Cheryl L Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294113/naswar-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-the-risk-of-oral-cancer-in-pakistan-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
Zohaib Khan, Rizwan Abdulkader Suliankatchi, Thomas L Heise, Steffen Dreger
Introduction: With an annual increase of 16,000 new cases each year, oral cancer is the second most common cancer in Pakistan. There is conflicting evidence regarding the carcinogenicity of different forms of smokeless tobacco (SLT) from different countries. This difference in evidence may be attributed to the varied composition of SLT products used around the world, necessitating the establishment of individual risks related to each SLT product. Methods: An electronic search in relevant databases yielded 119 publications, out of which 6 were included in this review...
December 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309684/impact-of-u-s-smoke-free-air-laws-on-restaurant-and-bar-employment-1990-2015
#13
Paul Shafer
Introduction: Secondhand smoke exposure is responsible for an estimated 50,000 deaths per year among nonsmokers in the U.S. Smoke-free air laws reduce secondhand smoke exposure but often encounter opposition over concerns about their economic impact. Expansion of these laws has stagnated and efforts to weaken existing laws may exacerbate existing disparities in exposure. Studies at the state and local levels have found that smoke-free air laws do not generally have an adverse effect, but there are no recent estimates of the impact of these laws nationally...
December 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294122/adolescents-use-of-basic-intermediate-and-advanced-device-types-for-vaping
#14
Jessica K Pepper, Anna J MacMonegle, James M Nonnemaker
Introduction: Advanced models of electronic vaping products (EVPs) likely pose a greater risk to adolescent health than basic or intermediate models because advanced models deliver nicotine more effectively and heat e-liquid to higher temperatures, producing more harmful chemical emissions. However, little is known about adolescents' risk factors for using different device types. Methods: We used social media to recruit an online sample of 1,508 U.S. adolescents aged 15-17 who reported past 30-day use of e-cigarettes...
December 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294121/comparative-effectiveness-of-varenicline-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-smoking-cessation-in-older-and-younger-smokers-a-prospective-cohort-in-taiwan
#15
Po-Yin Chang, Ming-Neng Shiu, Yu-Ting Yuan, Hui-Chin Chang, Pei-Yu Su, Tsuo-Hung Lan
Introduction: The effectiveness of varenicline compared to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in achieving smoking cessation in older smokers has not been investigated. This study prospectively compared the effectiveness of varenicline relative to NRT in smokers age 25-54 and separately in smokers 55 years or older. Methods: Among 13,397 smokers participating in the Smoking Cessation Program in Taiwan, 2012-2015, 6,336 (19.2% age ≥55) received varenicline and 7,061 received NRT patch or gum (23...
December 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309692/the-poorest-of-poor-suffer-the-greatest-burden-from-smokeless-tobacco-use-a-study-from-140-countries
#16
Dhirendra N Sinha, Prakash C Gupta, Amit Kumar, Deeksha Bhartiya, Naveen Agarwal, Shashi Sharma, Harpreet Singh, Mark Parascandola, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: The full extent of global smokeless tobacco (SLT) use and its association with key demographic factors such as gender, place of residence, and household or country income status is not yet known. Methods: The global burden of SLT use among adults was estimated using nationally representative data of 140 countries by gender and country income group. Countries were grouped in Group 1 (low and low middle income countries combined) and Group 2 (upper middle and high income countries combined)...
December 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281083/smokeless-tobacco-use-is-replacing-the-smoking-epidemic-in-the-south-east-asia-region
#17
Rizwan Abdulkader Suliankatchi, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ramashankar Rath, Krishna K Aryal, Mostafa M Zaman, Prakash C Gupta, Khem Bahadur Karki, Deneshkumar Venugopal
Background: The sustained anti-tobacco campaign initiated in response to the mounting evidence against tobacco smoking has driven tobacco companies and smokers to look for alternative choices, such as smokeless tobacco (SLT) products. If this strategy advances it could undermine several gains made by the campaign over the years. Our objective was to examine the trends in the prevalence of different tobacco types in three countries (Bangladesh, India and Nepal) of South-East Asia. Methods: Data from national surveys was used to estimate the trends of weighted and age standardized prevalence (along with 95% CI) of different tobacco products...
December 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272446/predicting-short-term-uptake-of-electronic-cigarettes-effects-of-nicotine-subjective-effects-and-simulated-demand
#18
Megan R Tucker, Murray Laugesen, Chris Bullen, Randolph C Grace
Introduction: E-cigarettes have potential to support tobacco cessation or reduction, but how nicotine content affects smokers' subjective perceptions and use of e-cigarettes, rather than tobacco, is unclear. Method: Thirty-five adult daily smokers who had not previously tried e-cigarettes were recruited from two cities in New Zealand in 2016-17. Smokers were given four e-cigarette cartridges (0, 6, 12 and 18mg nicotine) in a randomised, blinded order over four 2-week periods...
December 20, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253226/sales-trends-in-price-discounted-cigarettes-large-cigars-little-cigars-and-cigarillos-united-states-2011-2016
#19
Teresa W Wang, Kyle Falvey, Doris G Gammon, Brett R Loomis, Nicole M Kuiper, Todd Rogers, Brian A King
Introduction: Tobacco manufacturers continue to implement a range of pricing strategies to increase the affordability and consumption of tobacco products. To demonstrate the extent of retail- and brand-level price discounts at the point of sale, this study assessed national sales trends in price-discounted cigarettes, large cigars, little cigars, and cigarillos. Methods: Retail scanner data for tobacco product sales were obtained for convenience stores (C-store) and all-other-outlets-combined (AOC) from September 25, 2011, to January 9, 2016...
December 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253215/perceptions-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation-a-survey-of-smokers-in-a-country-with-an-endgame-goal
#20
Lindsay Robertson, Philip Gendall, Janet Hoek, Louise Marsh, Rob McGee
Introduction: Financial incentives can support smoking cessation, yet low acceptability may limit the wider implementation of such schemes. Few studies have examined how smokers view financial-incentive interventions aimed at reducing smoking prevalence. Methods: We recruited a sample of 623 smokers from an internet panel to a survey assessing support for, and perceived effectiveness of, financial incentives for smoking cessation. We used descriptive statistics, plus logistic regression, to test associations between demographics and smoking, and support...
December 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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