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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673031/samoan-smokers-talk-about-smoking-and-quitting-a-focus-group-study
#1
Helen Tanielu, Judith McCool, Elaine Umali, Robyn Whittaker
Introduction: Samoa, like other Pacific Island countries, faces a persistent challenge to reduce smoking use with relatively limited resources. As a signatory to the WHO FCTC, Samoa is obligated to introduce measures to reduce tobacco use and is currently trialling a text message smoking cessation programme (mCessation) to achieve this outcome. Cigarettes remain relatively cheap and are widely available, but little is known about how smoking is initiated or why and how people quit smoking in the Samoa...
June 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666353/flavors-and-risk-perceptions-of-flavors-in-little-cigars-and-cigarillos-among-u-s-adults-2015
#2
Amy L Nyman, Kymberle L Sterling, Ban A Majeed, Dina M Jones, Michael P Eriksen
Introduction: Flavored little cigars, cigarillos, and filtered cigars (LCCs) are popular and pose unique health risks. This study explored risk perceptions of flavors in LCCs and the relationship between perceptions and use among U.S. adults. Methods: Data were from the 2015 Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Survey of a national probability sample of 6,051 adults, conducted online, August-September, 2015. The analytic sample consisted of 5,105 adults aware of LCCs and 2,174 who had ever used any type of LCCs...
June 28, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658941/comparing-smoking-topography-and-subjective-measures-of-usual-brand-cigarettes-between-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-smokers
#3
Cecilia L Bergeria, Sarah H Heil, Janice Y Bunn, Stacey C Sigmon, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Most pregnant smokers report abruptly reducing their cigarettes per day (CPD) by ~50% after learning of pregnancy and making further smaller reductions over the remainder of their pregnancy. Laboratory and naturalistic studies with non-pregnant smokers have found that these types of reductions often lead to changes in smoking topography (i.e., changes in smoking intensity to maintain a desired blood-nicotine level). If pregnant women smoke more intensely, they may expose themselves and their offspring to similar levels of toxicants despite reporting reductions in CPD...
June 27, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655173/feasibility-efficacy-and-cost-analysis-of-promoting-smoking-cessation-at-outdoor-smoking-hotspots-a-pre-post-study
#4
Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Tai Hing Lam, William Ho Cheung Li, Man Ping Wang, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
Introduction: To motivate smokers to quit, there is a need for enhanced smoking cessation (SC) recruitment and for innovative and proactive approaches to SC. This study evaluated the feasibility, efficacy and cost of promoting SC in public outdoor areas where smokers gather to smoke (smoking hotspots). Methods: We selected 14 smoking hotspots in Hong Kong for SC promotion in 2015. University students were trained as SC ambassadors to deliver brief SC intervention, and to recruit smokers for telephone follow-up...
June 24, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655172/learning-from-our-failures-in-smoking-cessation-research
#5
Raymond Niaura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651376/comparison-of-sampling-strategies-for-tobacco-retailer-inspections-to-maximize-coverage-in-vulnerable-areas-and-minimize-cost
#6
Joseph G L Lee, Bonnie E Shook-Sa, J Michael Bowling, Kurt M Ribisl
Introduction: In the United States, tens of thousands of inspections of tobacco retailers are conducted each year. Various sampling choices can reduce travel costs, emphasize enforcement in areas with greater non-compliance, and allow for comparability between states and over time. We sought to develop a model sampling strategy for state tobacco retailer inspections. Methods: Using a 2014 list of 10,161 North Carolina tobacco retailers, we compared results from simple random sampling; stratified, clustered at the ZIP code sampling; and, stratified, clustered at the census tract sampling...
June 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651369/reduced-thalamus-volume-may-reflect-nicotine-severity-in-young-male-smokers
#7
Dahua Yu, Kai Yuan, Jiadong Cheng, Yanyan Guan, Yangding Li, Yanzhi Bi, Jinquan Zhai, Lin Luo, Bo Liu, Ting Xue, Xiaoqi Lu
Introduction: Nicotine acts as an agonist at presynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and to facilitate synaptic release of several neurotransmitters including dopamine and glutamate. The thalamus has the highest density of nAChRs in the brain, which may make this area be more vulnerable to the addictive effects of nicotine. However, the volume of thalamus abnormalities and the association with smoking behaviors in young smokers remains unknown. Methods: Thirty-six young male smokers and 36 age-, gender- and education-matched nonsmokers participated in current study...
June 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911039/methodological-approaches-to-assessing-tobacco-health-warnings
#8
Olivia M Maynard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444309/frequency-of-youth-e-cigarette-tobacco-and-poly-use-in-the-united-states-2015-update-to-villanti-et-al-frequency-of-youth-e-cigarette-and-tobacco-use-patterns-in-the-united-states-measurement-precision-is-critical-to-inform-public-health
#9
Lauren K Collins, Andrea C Villanti, Jennifer L Pearson, Allison M Glasser, Amanda L Johnson, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431080/systematic-review-of-measures-used-in-pictorial-cigarette-pack-warning-experiments
#10
Diane B Francis, Marissa G Hall, Seth M Noar, Kurt M Ribisl, Noel T Brewer
Background: We sought to describe characteristics and psychometric properties of measures used in pictorial cigarette pack warning experiments and provide recommendations for future studies. Methods: Our systematic review identified 68 pictorial cigarette pack warning experiments conducted between 2000 and 2016 in 22 countries. Two independent coders coded all studies on study features, including sample characteristics, theoretical framework, and constructs assessed...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387825/misplaced-trust-racial-differences-in-use-of-tobacco-products-and-trust-in-sources-of-tobacco-health-information
#11
Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Z Sharif, Brittany N Morey
Introduction: Recently, the rates of utilization of alternative tobacco products have increased. Providing health information about tobacco products from trustworthy sources may help decrease the popularity of these products. Using a nationally representative study of adults, we fill the current gap in research on racial and ethnic disparities in utilization of alternative tobacco products as well as in trust of sources of health information about tobacco products. Aims and Methods: Data came from the Health Information National Trends Survey (N = 3738), which was collected in 2015...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379568/are-cigarette-smokers-e-cigarette-users-and-dual-users-health-risk-beliefs-and-responses-to-advertising-influenced-by-addiction-warnings-and-product-type
#12
Christopher Berry, Scot Burton, Elizabeth Howlett
Introduction: This research examines cigarette smokers' and e-cigarette users' product-related health-risk beliefs across tobacco products and considers the effects of addiction warnings on consumers' responses to persuasion attempts. Aims and Methods: Study 1 used a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 195 adult cigarette smokers, e-cigarette users, and dual users to examine health-risk beliefs associated with combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes (cancer, lung disease, stroke, heart disease, harm to an unborn baby, and addiction)...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339596/health-warning-labels-for-smokeless-tobacco-the-impact-of-graphic-images-on-attention-recall-and-craving
#13
Elizabeth G Klein, Amanda J Quisenberry, Abigail B Shoben, Sarah Cooper, Amy K Ferketich, Micah Berman, Ellen Peters, Mary Ellen Wewers
Introduction: Little research has examined the impacts of graphic health warnings on the users of smokeless tobacco products. Methods: A convenience sample of past-month, male smokeless tobacco users (n = 142; 100% male) was randomly assigned to view a smokeless tobacco advertisement with a graphic health warning (GHW) or a text-only warning. Eye-tracking equipment measured viewing time, or dwell time, in milliseconds. Following the advertisement exposure, participants self-reported smokeless tobacco craving and recalled any content in the health warning message (unaided recall)...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077449/waterpipe-promotion-and-use-on-instagram-hookah
#14
Jon-Patrick Allem, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
Introduction: Waterpipe (hookah) use is becoming more prevalent in the United States and abroad with potential implications for public health. As waterpipe use rapidly grows in popularity, novel data streams are needed that can help capture and document the social and environmental context in which individuals use, and are marketed, this emerging tobacco product. This study characterized waterpipe-related posts on Instagram in order to inform regulatory and policy activities in the United States...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069870/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#15
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
Introduction: The high prevalence of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (39%) contributes substantially to health inequalities. This study assesses the impact of warning labels on quitting and related thoughts and behaviors for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. Methods: Participants were recruited from communities served by 34 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and communities in the Torres Strait, Australia, using quota sampling...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031378/cigarette-graphic-warning-labels-are-not-created-equal-they-can-increase-or-decrease-smokers-quit-intentions-relative-to-text-only-warnings
#16
Abigail T Evans, Ellen Peters, Abigail B Shoben, Louise R Meilleur, Elizabeth G Klein, Mary Kate Tompkins, Daniel Romer, Martin Tusler
Introduction: Cigarette graphic-warning labels elicit negative emotion. Research suggests negative emotion drives greater risk perceptions and quit intentions through multiple processes. The present research compares text-only warning effectiveness to that of graphic warnings eliciting more or less negative emotion. Methods: Nationally representative online panels of 736 adult smokers and 469 teen smokers/vulnerable smokers were randomly assigned to view one of three warning types (text-only, text with low-emotion images, or text with high-emotion images) four times over 2 weeks...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003507/low-nicotine-content-descriptors-reduce-perceived-health-risks-and-positive-cigarette-ratings-in-participants-using-very-low-nicotine-content-cigarettes
#17
Rachel L Denlinger-Apte, Danielle L Joel, Andrew A Strasser, Eric C Donny
Introduction: Understanding how smokers perceive reduced nicotine content cigarettes will be important if the FDA and global regulatory agencies implement reduced nicotine product standards for cigarettes. Prior research has shown that some smokers incorrectly believe "light" cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes. Similar misunderstandings of health risk could also apply to reduced nicotine cigarettes. To date, most studies of reduced nicotine cigarettes have blinded subjects to the nicotine content...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994002/effects-of-framing-proximal-benefits-of-quitting-and-motivation-to-quit-as-a-query-on-communications-about-tobacco-constituents
#18
Sarah Kowitt, Paschal Sheeran, Kristen Jarman, Leah M Ranney, Allison M Schmidt, Li-Ling Huang, Adam O Goldstein
Introduction: Little is known on how to communicate messages on tobacco constituents to tobacco users. This study manipulated three elements of a message in the context of a theory-based communication campaign about tobacco constituents: (1) latency of response efficacy (how soon expected health benefits would accrue), (2) self-efficacy (confidence about quitting), and (3) interrogative cue ("Ready to be tobacco-free?"). Methods: Smokers (N = 1669, 55.4% women) were recruited via an online platform, and were randomized to a 3 (Latency of response efficacy) × 2 (Self-efficacy) × 2 (Interrogative cue) factorial design...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932628/potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-that-feature-the-images-and-personal-details-of-real-people
#19
Emily Brennan, Erin K Maloney, Yotam Ophir, Joseph N Cappella
Introduction: Pictorial warning labels (PWL) that use photographs and the personal details of real people whose health has been affected by smoking (testimonial PWL) provide factual information about the consequences of tobacco use. Methods: Nine hundred and twenty-four adult current smokers participated in an online experiment that tested responses to four types of warning labels: (1) non-testimonial text warning labels (currently on packs in the United States); (2) non-testimonial PWL (previously proposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration); (3) image only testimonial PWL (created for study); (4) image + personal details testimonial PWL (created for study)...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799355/characterizing-young-adults-susceptibility-to-waterpipe-tobacco-use-and-their-reactions-to-messages-about-product-harms-and-addictiveness
#20
Isaac M Lipkus, Darren Mays, Kenneth P Tercyak
Introduction: There is very little insight into the psychosocial characteristics of young adults susceptible to waterpipe tobacco use and their reactions to messages about harms of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS). We investigated how young adults who were or were not susceptible to WTS differed on various characteristics and their reactions to messages about WTS harms. Methods: Young adults ages 18 to 30 who had never used waterpipe tobacco were recruited through an online crowdsourcing site...
October 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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