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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986117/systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-smokeless-tobacco-products-should-include-shammah
#1
A Thirumal Raj, Shankargouda Patil, Sachin C Sarode, Gargi S Sarode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986109/socio-economic-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-e-cigarette-uptake-among-cigarette-smokers-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#2
Alyssa Harlow, Andrew Stokes, Daniel Brooks
Introduction: Socio-demographic differences in electronic cigarette use among cigarette smokers have not been previously characterized in the US adult population. Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from Waves 1 and 2 of the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study. Differences by income (based on federal poverty level (FPL)) and race/ethnicity in e-cigarette uptake at Wave 2 among cigarette smokers who were e-cigarette non-users at Wave 1 were assessed using binomial and multinomial logistic regression...
July 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986105/level-of-alcohol-consumption-and-successful-smoking-cessation
#3
Krystal L Lynch, Jenny E Twesten, Alexandra Stern, Erik M Augustson
Introduction: The negative association between heavy alcohol use and likelihood of successful smoking cessation is well established. However, evidence on the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on smoking cessation is sparse. This analysis evaluated the association between alcohol use and smoking and the interaction of alcohol use and use of pharmacotherapy interventions in relation to smoking cessation. Methods: Data from adults (n=923) recruited through a smoking cessation website between November 2011 and March 2012 were analyzed...
July 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986089/impact-of-public-smoking-bans-on-social-inequalities-in-children-s-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-at-home-an-equity-focused-systematic-review
#4
Sarah Nanninga, Gesa Lehne, Tiara Ratz, Gabriele Bolte
Introduction: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the impact of public smoking bans on social inequalities in children's secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home. Methods: Five databases were electronically searched for articles on children's SHS exposure at home related to public smoking bans. Additionally, grey literature and German public health journals were considered. Search was restricted to English and German publications. Of 3037 records screened, 25 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria by either measuring SHS exposure before and after public smoking ban introduction or by comparing exposure between regions with and without smoke-free legislation...
July 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986070/prevalence-and-correlates-of-snuff-use-and-its-association-with-tuberculosis-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#5
Jessica L Elf, Ebrahim Variava, Sandy Chon, Limakatso Lebina, Katlego Motlhaoleng, Nikhil Gupte, Raymond Niaura, David Abrams, Neil Martinson, Jonathan E Golub
Introduction: A higher proportion of people living with HIV (PLWH) smoke compared to the general population, but little information exists about the prevalence and correlates of smokeless tobacco use among PLWH. In South Africa, dry powdered tobacco is inhaled nasally as snuff. Methods: A cross-sectional survey among PLWH attending three HIV clinics was conducted. Snuff use was assessed via self-report and urine cotinine. Results: Given the low (3%) prevalence of snuff use among men, analysis was restricted to n = 606 nonsmoking women living with HIV...
July 6, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982728/flavored-versus-non-flavored-waterpipe-tobacco-a-comparison-of-toxicant-exposure-puff-topography-subjective-experiences-and-harm-perceptions
#6
Ziyad Ben Taleb, Alison Breland, Raed Bahelah, Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Mayra Vargas-Rivera, Rana Jaber, Thomas Eissenberg, Wasim Maziak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982710/characteristics-of-adult-cigarette-smokers-who-relight-and-the-effects-of-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-constituents
#7
Sophia I Allen, Emily Wasserman, Susan Veldheer, Jessica Yingst, Shari Hrabovsky, Jason Liao, Nicolle M Krebs, Kimberly Horn, Lisa Reinhart, Jennifer Modesto, Kayla Putt, A Eden Evins, Joshua E Muscat, John P Richie, Jonathan Foulds
Introduction: About half of smokers relight their cigarette, a habit that is a risk factor for chronic bronchitis and possibly lung cancer. Little is known about the characteristics of smokers who relight and their dependence on nicotine. It is unknown whether relighting affects exposure to tobacco smoke constituents. This study examined the characteristics of relighters of usual brand cigarettes and whether relighting affects exposure to selected tobacco smoke constituents. Methods: We explored relighting status and frequency, using baseline data from 248 adult smokers participating in studies of reduced nicotine cigarettes in relation to demographic and cigarette characteristics, smoking behaviors, nicotine dependence, biomarkers of exposure (exhaled carbon monoxide, blood cotinine), and biomarkers of oxidative stress (ratio of oxidized/reduced glutathione)...
July 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982681/smoking-decisions-altered-reinforcement-learning-signals-induced-by-nicotine-state
#8
Travis E Baker, Yashar Zeighami, Alain Dagher, Clay B Holroyd
Introduction: Alterations in dopamine signaling play a key role in reinforcement learning and nicotine addiction, but the relationship between these two processes have not been well characterized. We investigated this relationship in young adult smokers using a combination of behavioral and computational measures of reinforcement learning. Methods: We asked moderately dependent smokers to engage in a reinforcement learning task three times: smoking as usual, smoking abstinence, and cigarette consumption...
June 30, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961895/hookah-use-among-u-s-youth-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-from-2009-2017
#9
Maria Cooper, Lauren R Pacek, Mignonne C Guy, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Patricia Simon, Cassandra Stanton, Grace Kong
Introduction: Given the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s authority to regulate hookah, more research is needed to inform regulations intended to prevent youth from using hookah. This systematic review summarizes and assesses the literature related to hookah use among adolescents (11 to ≤18 years of age) in the U.S. from 2009 to 2017. Methods: Database searches yielded 867 peer-reviewed articles. After duplicates were removed, authors reviewed 461 articles for inclusion...
June 28, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961828/orthodox-and-unorthodox-uses-of-electronic-cigarettes-a-surveillance-of-youtube-video-content
#10
Mignonne C Guy, Jacob Helt, Sherilyn Palafox, Kellie Green, Eric K Soule, Sarah F Maloney, Thomas Eissenberg, Pebbles Fagan
Introduction: Open electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) systems are customizable by consumers and often allow for potential "unorthodox" use of the product; that is, use not as intended by the manufacturer. Little is known about the types and prevalence of unorthodox uses and how these practices are transmitted via popular social media. Methods: Monthly searches of YouTube were conducted from June through November 2016 using the search terms: "e-cigarettes", "vaping", and "e-juice"...
June 28, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955828/predictors-of-varenicline-adherence-among-cancer-patients-treated-for-tobacco-dependence-and-its-association-with-smoking-cessation
#11
Grace Crawford, Jessica Weisbrot, Joseph Bastian, Alex Flitter, Nancy C Jao, Allison Carroll, Ravi Kalhan, Frank Leone, Brian Hitsman, Robert Schnoll
Introduction: The degree to which smokers adhere to pharmacotherapy predicts treatment success. The development of interventions to increase adherence requires identification of predictors of treatment adherence, particularly among specific clinical populations. Methods: Using data from a 12-week open-label phase of a clinical trial of varenicline for tobacco dependence among cancer patients (N=207), we examined: 1) the relationship between self-reported varenicline adherence and verified smoking cessation; and 2) demographic and disease-related variables, and early changes in cognition, affect, withdrawal, the reinforcing effects of smoking, and medication side effects, as correlates of varenicline adherence...
June 28, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939330/evaluation-of-a-train-the-trainer-program-to-build-capacity-for-training-tobacco-treatment-specialists
#12
Denise Jolicoeur, Caroline L Cranos, Christine Frisard, Lori Pbert
Introduction: Tobacco treatment specialists (TTSs) and high quality TTS training programs are needed to improve access to evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment. To meet this demand, the University of Massachusetts (UMass) Medical School developed the Train the Trainer in Tobacco Treatment (T4) program to build a cadre of trainers to deliver the accredited UMass TTS training programs. This paper reports on the feasibility and quality of TTS trainings led by Certified UMass TTS Trainers (Trainer-led) compared with trainings led by UMass staff (On-site)...
June 25, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931374/prevalence-and-determinants-of-susceptibility-to-tobacco-smoking-among-students-in-the-gambia
#13
Isatou K Jallow, John Britton, Tessa Langley
Introduction: Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death, and kills about 7 million people annually. As smoking prevalence is falling in developed countries, tobacco businesses are turning to low and middle-income countries (LMICs) to generate new tobacco markets. To prevent young people from initiating smoking and becoming regular smokers it is important to understand the causes of susceptibility to smoking. In this study we report a nationwide survey of the prevalence and risk factors of smoking susceptibility among students aged 12-20 in The Gambia...
June 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931176/a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-multiple-tobacco-product-use-and-the-impact-of-regulatory-action
#14
Lauren R Pacek, Jenny L Wiley, F Joseph McClernon
Introduction: Over 35% of the adult tobacco-using population regularly use more than one tobacco product. While rates of tobacco use in the U.S. have declined over the last decade, rates of multiple tobacco product (MTP) have either remained stable (among adults) or increased (among youth). Methods: In this paper we review the literature and propose a framework for understanding both MTP use and how regulatory actions on any single tobacco product (STP) may influence the use of other tobacco products...
June 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931122/are-e-cigarettes-tobacco-products
#15
Marcus Munafò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924352/characterisation-of-the-spatial-and-temporal-dispersion-differences-between-exhaled-e-cigarette-mist-and-cigarette-smoke
#16
Dainius Martuzevicius, Tadas Prasauskas, Ari Setyan, Grant O'Connell, Xavier Cahours, Rémi Julien, Stéphane Colard
Introduction: There are fundamental differences between e-cigarettes and conventional cigarette product categories with regards to potential environmental exposures, notably that e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco or generate side-stream emissions. Here we assess the spatial and temporal patterns of exhaled e-cigarette aerosol at a bystander's position, and compare it with conventional cigarette smoke emissions. Methods: Smokers were asked to use e-cigarettes or smoke conventional cigarettes in a room-simulating chamber...
June 19, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917096/craving-to-quit-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-smartphone-app-based-mindfulness-training-for-smoking-cessation
#17
Kathleen A Garrison, Prasanta Pal, Stephanie S O'Malley, Brian P Pittman, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Rahil Rojiani, Dustin Scheinost, Jesse Dallery, Judson A Brewer
Introduction: Mindfulness training may reduce smoking rates and lessen the association between craving and smoking. This trial tested the efficacy of mindfulness training via smartphone app to reduce smoking. Experience sampling was used to measure real time craving, smoking and mindfulness. Methods: A researcher-blind, parallel randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of mobile mindfulness training with experience sampling (MMT-ES; Craving to Quit) vs...
June 18, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917126/genetic-susceptibility-to-thirdhand-smoke-induced-lung-cancer-development
#18
Bo Hang, Jian-Hua Mao, Antoine M Snijders
THS, the residual tobacco smoke remaining in the environment after tobacco has been smoked, represents an underestimated public health hazard. Evidence supports its widespread presence in indoor environments. Vulnerable populations are believed to include infants and children living in a smoking household exposed to THS and/or SHS and exposure has been identified as a risk factor for lung cancer later in life. These and future studies will provide novel and important evidence of how early-life exposure to THS affects cancer development and other diseases, which should be useful for framing and enforcing new policies against passive smoking in the the world...
June 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917125/temporal-effects-of-message-congruency-on-attention-to-and-recall-of-pictorial-health-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packages
#19
Kirsten Lochbuehler, E Paul Wileyto, Melissa Mercincavage, Valentina Souprountchouk, Jordan Z Burdge, Kathy Z Tang, Joseph N Cappella, Andrew A Strasser
Objectives: Recent research has shown that message congruency is beneficial to recall of pictorial health warning label (PWL) content after initial exposure. Despite less attention to the text warning, smokers exposed to congruent PWLs were more likely to recall the text and the message. This study aimed to replicate these findings and to examine whether congruency also affects recall after multiple exposures over time. Methods: 320 daily smokers (39.7% female; cigarettes/day: M = 15...
June 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917124/socioeconomic-disparities-in-electronic-cigarette-use-and-transitions-from-smoking
#20
Abigail S Friedman, Samantha J L Horn
Introduction: Socioeconomic disparities have been established for conventional cigarette use, but not for electronic cigarettes. This study estimates socioeconomic gradients in exclusive use of conventional cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, and dual use (i.e., use of both products) among adults in the United States. Methods: Analyses consider nationally representative data on 25 to 54 year old respondents to the 2014-2016 National Health Interview Surveys (N=50,306)...
June 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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