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Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531302/effects-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation-on-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-pregnant-and-newly-postpartum-women
#1
Ivori Zvorsky, Joan M Skelly, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Financial incentives for smoking cessation increase smoking abstinence and decrease Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores among depression-prone pregnant and postpartum women. The present study is a secondary analysis using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) to examine whether this treatment impacts a broader array of mood and anxiety symptoms. Methods: Participants (N = 253) were pregnant cigarette smokers who participated in four controlled clinical trials examining the efficacy of financial incentives for smoking cessation...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525609/e-cigarettes-and-weight-loss-product-design-innovation-insights-from-industry-patents
#2
Harkirat Singh, Ryan David Kennedy, Lisa Lagasse, Lauren M Czaplicki, Joanna E Cohen
Objective: There is emerging evidence that e-cigarettes are being used by some to mitigate weight gain after quitting smoking, and being used to help control weight. This study sought to identify and describe patents related to innovations for e-cigarette devices associated and weight loss. Methods: Relevant patents were identified using Google Patents with the core search terms: "electronic cigarette" OR "e-cigarette" OR "vaporizer" OR "vapourizer" AND "nicotine" AND "weight loss" OR "weight control" OR "obesity" OR "hunger"...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525594/availability-and-use-of-cheap-tobacco-in-the-uk-2002-2014-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project
#3
Timea R Partos, Anna B Gilmore, Sara C Hitchman, Rosemary Hiscock, J Robert Branston, Ann McNeill
Introduction: Raising tobacco prices is the most effective population-level intervention for reducing smoking, but this is undermined by the availability of cheap tobacco. This study monitors trends in cheap tobacco use among adult smokers in the UK between 2002-2014 via changes in product type, purchase source, and prices paid. Methods: Weighted data from 10 waves of the International Tobacco Control policy evaluation study were used. This is a longitudinal cohort study of adult smokers with replenishment; 6169 participants provided 15812 responses...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521035/beyond-quitting-any-additional-impact-of-mailing-free-nicotine-patches-to-current-smokers
#4
John A Cunningham, Vladyslav Kushnir, Peter Selby, Rachel F Tyndale, Laurie Zawertailo, Scott T Leatherdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520985/warning-statements-and-safety-practices-among-manufacturers-and-distributors-of-electronic-cigarette-liquids-in-the-united-states
#5
Pebbles Fagan, Pallav Pokhrel, Thaddeus A Herzog, Mignonne C Guy, Kari-Lyn K Sakuma, Dennis R Trinidad, Kevin Cassel, Dorothy Jorgensen, Tania Lynch, Jamie Q Felicitas-Perkins, Sherilyn Palafox, Faith Hamamura, Sarah Maloney, Kaylah Degree, Kymberle Sterling, Eric Moolchan, Mark S Clanton, Thomas Eissenberg
Introduction.: Prior to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) regulation of electronic cigarettes and warning statements related to nicotine addiction, there was no critical examination of manufacturer/distributor voluntary practices that could potentially inform FDA actions aimed to protect consumers. This study examined the content of warning statements and safety characteristics of electronic cigarette liquid bottles using a national sample. Methods.: Research staff randomly selected four electronic cigarette liquid manufacturers/distributors from four U...
May 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521063/effective-message-elements-for-disclosures-about-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke
#6
Dannielle E Kelley, Marcella H Boynton, Seth M Noar, Jennifer C Morgan, Jennifer R Mendel, Kurt M Ribisl, Irina Stepanov, Leena A Nylander-French, Noel T Brewer
Introduction: Cigarette smoke contains at least 93 chemicals or "constituents" that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has identified as harmful or potentially harmful to human health. Our study sought to identify which constituent disclosure message elements are most effective in discouraging people from smoking. Methods: Three hundred eighty-eight current smokers ages 18 and older completed an online survey in February 2015. We randomized participants to respond to one of two sets of 13 toxic products that contain cigarette constituents and 25 health effects associated with cigarette constituents...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521015/changes-in-alcohol-consumption-during-a-stop-smoking-attempt-and-differences-between-smokers-using-nicotine-replacement-and-smokers-using-varenicline
#7
Dunja Przulj, Peter Hajek, Sarah Snuggs, Hayden McRobbie
Introduction: Little is known about effects of smoking cessation on alcohol consumption. Varenicline reduces enjoyment of smoking and cigarette consumption and may also reduce enjoyment and consumption of alcohol. We conducted the first prospective examination of the effects of stopping smoking on alcohol enjoyment and consumption, and compared clients using varenicline and clients using nicotine replacement treatment (NRT). Methods: Audit of records from clients undergoing routine smoking cessation treatment inthree stop-smoking services in London, UK...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520988/geographical-inequality-in-tobacco-control-in-china-multilevel-evidence-from-98-058-participants
#8
Thomas Astell-Burt, Mei Zhang, Xiaoqi Feng, Limin Wang, Yichong Li, Andrew Page, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
Background: We investigated the spatial patterning and correlates of tobacco smoking, exposure to second-hand smoke, smoking in public places, workplace smoking prohibition, pro- and counter-tobacco advertisements in mainland China. Methods: Choropleth maps and multilevel models were used to assess geographical variation and correlates of the aforementioned outcome variables for 98,058 participants across 31 provinces of China in 2010. Results: Current tobacco smoking prevalence was higher in the central provinces for men and in the north eastern provinces and Tibet for women...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520984/genome-wide-association-study-of-heavy-smoking-and-daily-nondaily-smoking-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#9
Nancy L Saccone, Leslie S Emery, Tamar Sofer, Stephanie M Gogarten, Diane M Becker, Erwin P Bottinger, Li-Shiun Chen, Robert C Culverhouse, Weimin Duan, Dana B Hancock, H Dean Hosgood, Eric O Johnson, Ruth J F Loos, Tin Louie, George Papanicolaou, Krista M Perreira, Erik J Rodriquez, Claudia Schurmann, Adrienne M Stilp, Adam A Szpiro, Gregory A Talavera, Kent D Taylor, James F Thrasher, Lisa R Yanek, Cathy C Laurie, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Laura J Bierut, Robert C Kaplan
Introduction: Genetic variants associated with nicotine dependence have previously been identified, primarily in European-ancestry populations. No genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been reported for smoking behaviors in Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S. and Latin America, who are of mixed ancestry with European, African, and American Indigenous components. Methods: We examined genetic associations with smoking behaviors in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) [N=12,741 with smoking data, 5,119 ever smokers], using ~2...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505303/acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-affect-and-smoking-craving-in-the-weeks-before-and-after-a-cessation-attempt
#10
Ana M Abrantes, Samantha G Farris, Haruka Minami, David R Strong, Deborah Riebe, Richard A Brown
Introduction: Aerobic exercise may improve smoking abstinence via reductions in craving and negative affect, and increases in positive moods. Acute changes in craving and affect before and after structured exercise sessions have not been examined during the weeks prior to and following quit attempts, nor has smoking status been examined in relation to these effects. Given that regular cigarette smoking can be perceived as affect-enhancing and craving-reducing, it is not known whether exercise could contribute additional affective benefit beyond these effects...
May 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498934/leveraging-genomic-data-in-smoking-cessation-trials-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine-why-and-how
#11
Li-Shiun Chen, Laurie Zawertailo, Thomas M Piasecki, Jaakko Kaprio, Marilyn Foreman, Hannah R Elliott, Sean P David, Andrew W Bergen, James W Baurley, Rachel F Tyndale, Timothy B Baker, Laura J Bierut, Nancy L Saccone
This paper outlines a framework for the consistent integration of biological data/samples into smoking cessation pharmacotherapy trials, aligned with the objectives of the recently unveiled Precision Medicine Initiative. Our goal is to encourage and provide support for treatment researchers to consider biosample collection and genotyping their existing samples, as well as integrating genetic analyses into their study design in order to realize precision medicine in treatment of nicotine dependence.
May 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482108/psychological-distress-among-smokers-in-the-united-states-2008-to-2014
#12
Michael J Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Melanie M Wall, Misato Gbedemah, Deborah Hasin, Stewart A Shankman, Matthew Gallagher, Jafar Bakhshaie, Renee D Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: Decline in smoking in the United States (U.S.) has slowed over the past 25 years. Mental health problems are common among smokers, and may be an impediment to quitting and remaining abstinent. The study investigated the relationship between serious (past-30-day) psychological distress (SPD) and smoking, estimated trends in the prevalence of SPD among current, former and never smokers in the U.S. from 2008 to 2014, and investigated whether heterogeneity in these trends varied by sociodemographic characteristics...
May 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482017/evaluation-of-nicotine-pharmacokinetics-and-subjective-effects-following-use-of-a-novel-nicotine-delivery-system
#13
Axel Teichert, Patrick Brossard, Loyse Felber Medlin, Larissa Sandalic, Mikael Franzon, Chris Wynne, Murray Laugesen, Frank Lüdicke
Introduction: Novel nicotine delivery systems represent an evolving part of the tobacco harm reduction strategy. The pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of nicotine delivered by P3L, a pulmonary nicotine delivery system, and its effects on smoking urges and craving relief in relation to Nicorette® inhalator were evaluated. Methods: This open-label, ascending nicotine levels study was conducted in 16 healthy smokers. Three different nicotine delivery levels, 50, 80, and 150 µg/puff delivered by the P3L system were evaluated consecutively on different days, after the use of the Nicorette® inhalator...
May 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475812/awareness-about-anti-smoking-related-laws-and-legislation-among-general-population-in-slums-of-delhi-india
#14
Nandini Sharma, Tanu Anand, Shekhar Grover, Arun Kumar, M M Singh, G K Ingle
Introduction: Almost 40% of Delhi's population lives in slums and is vulnerable to tobacco use. It is therefore important to assess their opinion and ensure compliance to anti-smoking legislation. The present study was undertaken to assess the awareness of the general public residing in slums in Delhi regarding the smoke free initiative of 2009, 3 years after intensive implementation. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted amongst participants selected by cluster sampling from the slums in 6 districts of Delhi using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire...
May 5, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472521/the-value-of-biosamples-in-smoking-cessation-trials-a-review-of-genetic-metabolomic-and-epigenetic-findings
#15
Nancy L Saccone, James W Baurley, Andrew W Bergen, Sean P David, Hannah R Elliott, Marilyn G Foreman, Jaakko Kaprio, Thomas M Piasecki, Caroline L Relton, Laurie Zawertailo, Laura J Bierut, Rachel F Tyndale, Li-Shiun Chen
Evidence is emerging that certain genotypes and biomarkers are associated with smoking cessation success and efficacy of smoking cessation treatments. We review key findings that open potential avenues for personalizing smoking cessation treatment according to an individual's genetic or metabolic profile. These results provide important incentive for smoking cessation researchers to collect biosamples and perform genotyping in research studies and clinical trials.
May 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472427/construct-and-predictive-validity-of-three-measures-of-intention-to-quit-smoking-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-itc-netherlands-survey
#16
Karin Hummel, Math J J M Candel, Gera E Nagelhout, Jamie Brown, Bas van den Putte, Daniel Kotz, Marc C Willemsen, Geoffrey T Fong, Robert West, Hein de Vries
Introduction: The aim of the study was to compare the construct validity and the predictive validity of three instruments to measure intention to quit smoking: a Stages of Change measure, the Motivation To Stop Scale (MTSS) and a Likert scale. We used the Theory of Planned Behaviour as theoretical framework. Methods: We used data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey. We included smokers who participated in three consecutive survey waves (n=980)...
May 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472423/smoking-pain-intensity-and-opioid-consumption-one-to-three-months-after-major-surgery-a-retrospective-study-in-a-hospital-based-transitional-pain-service
#17
Janice J Montbriand, Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Salima S J Ladak, B R Shah, Jiao Jiang, Karen McRae, Diana Tamir, Sheldon Lyn, Rita Katznelson, Hance A Clarke, Joel Katz
Introduction: The present study investigated the associations between smoking, pain, and opioid consumption in the three months after major surgery in patients seen by the Transitional Pain Service. Current smoking status and lifetime pack years were expected to be related to higher pain intensity, more opioid use, and poorer opioid weaning after surgery. Methods: 239 patients reported smoking status in their pre-surgical assessment (62 smokers, 92 past smokers, and 85 never smokers)...
May 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472411/sexual-and-gender-minority-college-students-and-tobacco-use-in-texas
#18
Josephine T Hinds, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction.: Most research regarding sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations is limited to examination of cigarette or general tobacco use, or does not examine heterogeneity across SGM groups other than lesbian or gay and bisexual individuals. This study examined differences in the odds of current use and age of initiation of five tobacco/nicotine products among three groups of SGM young adults who self-identified as: 1) gay or lesbian, 2) bisexual, and 3) queer, transgender, "other," compared to their heterosexual peers...
May 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472370/providing-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-focus-groups
#19
Ellen E Jones, Kristen L Jarman, Adam O Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460123/use-of-electronic-cigarettes-leads-to-significant-beta2-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-occupancy-evidence-from-a-pet-imaging-study
#20
Stephen R Baldassarri, Ansel T Hillmer, Jon Mikael Anderson, Peter Jatlow, Nabeel Nabulsi, David Labaree, Kelly P Cosgrove, Stephanie S O'Malley, Thomas Eissenberg, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Irina Esterlis
Background: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) can influence nicotine addiction by delivering aerosolized nicotine. We investigated if nicotine from ECs is delivered to the brain β2*-nicotinic-acetylcholine receptors (β2*-nAChR) and how this relates to the behavioral effects and nicotine delivery from cigarettes. Methods: Seven nicotine users participated in positron emission tomography (PET) studies with (-)-[18F]Flubatine before and after nicotine challenge with 0, 8 mg/ml, and 36 mg/ml nicotine in a 3...
April 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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