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Archives of Women's Mental Health

Mahsa Sadat Mousavi, Mohsen Shahriari, Mehrdad Salehi, Shahnaz Kohan
Gender identity is one of the basic forms of identity which has a key role in the mental health during adolescence. The present study was conducted to determine the process of gender identity development among Iranian female adolescents. In this grounded theory study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 55 purposefully and theoretical selected participants including 30 female adolescents and 25 key informants who lived in urban society of Isfahan, Iran, in 2016-2018. Data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin's mode of analysis (2008), through constant comparative method, applying levels of open, axial, and selective coding with MAXQDA software...
July 12, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sarika Paul, Josie Austin, Rebecca Elliott, Ian Ellison-Wright, Ming Wai Wan, Richard Drake, Darragh Downey, Alya Elmadih, Ipshita Mukherjee, Lisa Heaney, Steve Williams, Kathryn M Abel
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has increasingly been employed to establish whether there is a specific brain neural network dedicated to maternal responsiveness. We undertook systematic review and meta-analysis of all studies in which healthy new mothers were exposed to visual stimuli of own versus other infants to determine the quality of evidence for a dedicated maternal neural network. Systematic literature review revealed a pattern of specific neural responses commonly induced by visual infant paradigms...
July 9, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Federica Bastiani, Patrizia Romito, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles
Only a few studies have analyzed the association between sexual harassment (SH) and mental health controlling for other types of violence. The aim of this study was to describe SH among male and female university students and analyze the association between harassment and mental distress controlling for sexual violence. An observational survey was conducted at Trieste University (Italy). Students answered an anonymous questionnaire about harassment that included three domains-sexual harassment, gender harassment, cyber harassment-and three psychological health indicators...
July 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Ting-Yu Mu, Yu-Hong Li, Hai-Feng Pan, Liu Zhang, Da-Hui Zha, Cheng-Lu Zhang, Ri-Xiang Xu
Postpartum depression is a common complication of childbearing and up to 12 months postpartum. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of postpartum depressive mood (PDM) in China by performing a meta-analysis of published studies. Studies that reported the prevalence of PDM in China were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and CQVIP databases. Three thousand, one hundred, and two articles were obtained, and after careful evaluation, 26 studies were finally included in the meta-analysis...
July 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Laila Farhood, Souha Fares, Carmen Hamady
AbstractThe female-male ratio in the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is approximately 2:1. Gender differences in experienced trauma types, PTSD symptom clusters, and PTSD risk factors are unclear. We aimed to address this gap using a cross-sectional design. A sample of 991 civilians (522 women, 469 men) from South Lebanon was randomly selected in 2007, after the 2006 war. Trauma types were grouped into disaster and accident, loss, chronic disease, non-malignant disease, and violence. PTSD symptom clusters involved re-experiencing, avoidance, negative cognitions and mood, and arousal...
July 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Despina Pampaka, Stefania I Papatheodorou, Mohammad AlSeaidan, Rihab Al Wotayan, Rosalind J Wright, Julie E Buring, Douglas W Dockery, Costas A Christophi
Evidence exists that the risk factors for depression in the antenatal and postnatal period may differ, but only a handful of studies looked at depression longitudinally. The aims of this study were (1) to estimate the prevalence of postnatal depressive symptoms in Kuwait where data about postnatal depression are scarce and identify its determinants and (2) to compare these risk factors between women who had experienced antenatal depressive symptoms and those that did not. Data collected in the TRansgenerational Assessment of Children's Environmental Risk (TRACER) Study in Kuwait were used in this analysis...
July 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Elizabeth J Levey, Marta B Rondon, Sixto Sanchez, Qiu-Yue Zhong, Michelle A Williams, Bizu Gelaye
The goals of this research were to characterize suicidal behavior among a cohort of pregnant Peruvian women and identify risk factors for transitions between behaviors. The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview suicide questionnaire was employed to assess suicidal behavior. Discrete-time survival analysis was used to study the cumulative age-of-onset distribution. The hazard function was calculated to assess the risk of onset of each suicidal behavior. Among 2062 participants, suicidal behaviors were endorsed by 22...
July 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Clare S Burke, Leah C Susser, Alison D Hermann
It is well established that a subgroup of women are particularly vulnerable to affective dysregulation during times of hormonal fluctuation. One underrecognized reproductive transition may be late-onset postpartum depression (PPD) in the context of weaning from breastfeeding and the resumption of menstruation. The goal of this review is to propose a biologically plausible mechanism for affective dysregulation during these transitions. The relationship between affective symptoms and neurohormonal changes associated with weaning will be investigated through a hypothesis-driven review of relevant literature...
July 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Narkis Hermon, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Agneta Golan, Asnat Walfisch
Scarce data exists regarding the prevalence of antenatal depression in hospitalized pregnant women, and its effect on perinatal outcome. We aimed to estimate the risk of maternal depression among women hospitalized in a high-risk pregnancy department, and to evaluate its potential association with adverse perinatal outcome. A depression screening self-questionnaire-based prospective study was performed, in which hospitalized pregnant women who screened positive for depression were compared to those who screened negative...
July 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Christine Pao, Jerry Guintivano, Hudson Santos, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
Lack of social support is an important risk factor for postpartum depression (PPD), whereas the presence of social support can buffer against PPD. However, the relationship between social support and PPD in racial/ethnic minority women is still largely unknown. Our purpose was to examine the role of social support in a large, diverse population of PPD cases and controls. Participants (N = 1517) were recruited at the routine 6-week postpartum visit (± 1-2 weeks) from four different outpatient clinics in North Carolina...
July 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Molly M Long, Robert J Cramer, Jennika Jenkins, Linda Bennington, James F Paulson
Postpartum depression affects approximately 11% of women. However, screening for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMAD) is rare and inconsistent among healthcare professionals. When healthcare professionals screen, they often rely on clinical judgment, rather than validated screening tools. The objective of the current study is to review the types and effectiveness of interventions for healthcare professionals that have been used to increase the number of women screened and referred for PMAD. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses was utilized to guide search and reporting strategies...
July 2, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
C J Pope, Verinder Sharma, C Sommerdyk, D Mazmanian
To examine postpartum recurrence rates of depression comparing women receiving antidepressant treatment to women not being treated with psychotropic medication. This was a prospective study of 130 women with major depressive disorder (MDD) who attended a tertiary care perinatal clinic during and after pregnancy. Depression recurrence was defined as a score of 13 or more on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or a score of greater than 13 on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). Over half of women (56...
June 26, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Margaret Spinelli
Maternal infanticide, or the murder of a child in the first year of life by its mother, is a subject both compelling and repulsive. The victim is innocent, but the perpetrator may be a victim too. In the USA, mentally ill women who commit infanticide may receive long prison sentences or even the death penalty. England, Canada, Australia, and more than 20 European countries have "infanticide laws," which provide more humane treatment and psychiatric care for mentally ill mothers who kill. One of the reasons for the sentences in the USA lies in our archaic insanity defense...
June 25, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Heather Burrell Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
The name of Heather Burrell Ward was incorrectly captured.
June 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Paige L Kirby, Kristin A Reynolds, John R Walker, Patricia Furer, Teaghan A M Pryor
The Internet is an easily accessible source of information for women experiencing anxiety in pregnancy and/or postpartum to use when seeking health information. However, the Internet has several drawbacks, including inaccurate content that may be perceived as being accurate, non-biased, and evidence-based. Prior research indicates that anxiety and postpartum mental health websites have poor quality in terms of describing treatment options. There is a lack of research and knowledge in the area of perinatal anxiety, and an absence of research evaluating perinatal anxiety websites...
June 22, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Taeryoon Kim, Ga Eun Nam, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Junghun Kim, Do Hyun Eum, Sang Woo Lee, Soon Hong Min, Woohyun Lee, Kyungdo Han, Yong Gyu Park
This study aimed to examine whether the characteristics of mental health and sleep duration, alone or in combination, are associated with menstrual cycle irregularity. This population-based, cross-sectional study analyzed the data from 4445 women aged 19-49 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. A structured questionnaire was used to assess mental health characteristics, sleep duration, and menstrual cycle irregularity. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed...
June 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Touran Shafiei, Laura J Biggs, Rhonda Small, Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster
The PANDA Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia National Helpline provides support for people affected by perinatal mental health issues. To describe the characteristics of women contacting the Helpline, specifically callers' health, past history and assessed risk factors. Analysis of routinely collected de-identified data of women making initial calls between July 2010 and October 2013. Five thousand eight hundred eighteen women made an initial call to the Helpline. Most were between 25 and 40 years old (79%) and married/partnered (94%); 52% were having or had their first child; and 23% were pregnant...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Tim Carter, Anastasios Bastounis, Boliang Guo, C Jane Morrell
Postpartum depression can have detrimental effects on both a mother's physical and mental health and on her child's growth and emotional development. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of exercise/physical activity-based interventions in preventing and treating postpartum depressive symptoms in primiparous and multiparous women to the end of the postnatal period at 52 weeks postpartum. Electronic databases were searched for published and unpublished randomised controlled trials of exercise/physical activity-based interventions in preventing and treating depressive symptoms and increasing health-related quality of life in women from 4 to 52 weeks postpartum...
June 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Marilyn N Ahun, Sylvana M Côté
Despite the abundance of research investigating the associations between maternal depressive symptoms (MDS) and children's cognitive development, little is known about the putative mechanisms through which depressive symptoms are associated with children's cognitive development. The aim of this review was to summarize the literature on family mediators (i.e., maternal parenting behaviors, mother-child interactions, and family stress) involved in this association in early childhood. The review includes seven studies, five longitudinal and two cross-sectional, which tested putative mediators of the association between MDS and children's cognitive development...
June 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Tamar Mendelson, Ciara McAfee, April Joy Damian, Amitoj Brar, Pamela Donohue, Erica Sibinga
Mothers with an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at risk for depression, anxiety, and trauma symptoms, with negative implications for maternal-infant bonding, maternal well-being, and infant development. Few interventions to promote NICU mothers' mental health, however, have been developed or tested. This pre-post pilot study assessed feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of a mindfulness intervention for NICU mothers. Twenty-seven mothers were recruited from a university NICU and offered a mindfulness intervention via introductory video and audio-recorded practices...
June 5, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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