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Archives of Women's Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786116/is-childbirth-induced-ptsd-associated-with-low-maternal-attachment
#1
Sharon Dekel, Freya Thiel, Gabriella Dishy, Alyssa L Ashenfarb
Few studies examined maternal attachment in childbirth-related postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PP-PTSD). We studied 685 postpartum women, assessing for PP-PTSD, non-childbirth PTSD, maternal attachment, pre-birth, birth, and post-birth factors. Attachment was lower in PP-PTSD than in non-childbirth PTSD and no PP-PTSD. Hierarchical regression showed that PP-PTSD predicted less maternal attachment above and beyond pre-birth psychiatric conditions, acute distress in birth, and lack of breastfeeding...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779061/is-a-psychological-approach-required-to-combat-breast-cancer-mortality-in-pakistan
#2
LETTER
Muhammad Shariq Usman, Rabia Maryam Mustafa, Fahad Hassan Shaikh, Tariq Jamal Siddiqi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766281/sex-and-gender-differences-in-schizophrenic-psychoses-a-critical-review
#3
Anita Riecher-Rössler, Surina Butler, Jayashri Kulkarni
Many sex and gender differences in schizophrenic psychoses have been reported, but few have been soundly replicated. A stable finding is the later age of onset in women compared to men. Gender differences in symptomatology, comorbidity, and neurocognition seem to reflect findings in the general population. There is increasing evidence for estrogens being psychoprotective in women and for hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal dysfunction in both sexes.More methodologically sound, longitudinal, multi-domain, interdisciplinary research investigating both sex (biological) and gender (psychosocial) factors is required to better understand the different pathogenesis and etiologies of schizophrenic psychoses in women and men, thereby leading to better tailored treatments and improved outcomes...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728866/pregnancy-in-women-with-psychotic-disorders-risk-factors-associated-with-mother-baby-separation
#4
Agathe Cès, Bruno Falissard, Nine M C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Florence Gressier
Pregnancy in women suffering from psychotic disorders is becoming more common. However, this psychiatric disorder is linked to the highest risk of early mother and child separation. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors associated with these separations. In an observational, naturalist, and multicentric study, 320 women suffering from a psychotic disorder and jointly hospitalized with their child in one of the sixteen mother-baby units (MBUs) in France and Belgium between 2001 and 2010 were assessed for risk factors associated with mother-child separation...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721624/human-and-economic-resources-for-empowerment-and-pregnancy-related-mental-health-in-the-arab-middle-east-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Laurie James-Hawkins, Eman Shaltout, Aasli Abdi Nur, Catherine Nasrallah, Yara Qutteina, Hanan F Abdul Rahim, Monique Hennink, Kathryn M Yount
This systematic review synthesizes research on the influence of human and economic resources for women's empowerment on their pre- and postnatal mental health, understudied in the Arab world. We include articles using quantitative methods from PubMed and Web of Science. Two researchers reviewed databases and selected articles, double reviewing 5% of articles designated for inclusion. Twenty-four articles met inclusion criteria. All 24 articles measured depression as an outcome, and three included additional mental health outcomes...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687161/obstetric-patients-perspectives-on-functional-magnetic-neuroimaging-research-in-pregnant-women
#6
Rebecca L Newmark, Michelle L Zaydlin, Amy Yang, Kelcie Kuchenrither, Katherine L Wisner, Suena H Massey
Magnetic resonance neuroimaging (MRI) studies of healthy pregnant women could identify key mechanisms of spontaneous health behavior changes observed in expectant mothers as novel intervention targets, but are currently unprecedented. As balancing potential benefits of research with unknown risks, including participant perceptions of risk, is foundational to ethical conduct, we surveyed a convenience obstetric sample to understand pregnant women's perspectives on this issue. Respondents were 76 pregnant women (modal age of 30-39 years; 64% multiparous) presenting for obstetric care from April to June 2016 at privately and publicly funded clinics at an urban academic medical center in the Midwestern USA...
April 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654413/latent-trajectory-groups-of-perinatal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-from-pregnancy-to-early-postpartum-and-their-antenatal-risk-factors
#7
Asma Ahmed, Cindy Feng, Angela Bowen, Nazeem Muhajarine
The aim of this study is to identify subgroups of women who exhibit distinct trajectory patterns of depressive and anxiety disorders from pregnancy to early postpartum and the risk factors associated with the latent trajectory group memberships. Women (n = 615) from the Feelings in Pregnancy and Motherhood (FIP) longitudinal study were followed from early pregnancy to early postpartum for a 7-month period in 2006-2007. The semi-parametric group-based trajectory modeling approach was used to identify the latent trajectory groups...
April 13, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654412/the-association-of-serum-c-reactive-protein-with-the-occurrence-and-course-of-postpartum-depression
#8
Emily S Miller, Denada Hoxha, Emily Pinheiro, William A Grobman, Katherine L Wisner
CRP has been positively correlated with depressive symptomatology but this has received less study in postpartum depression (PPD). In this secondary analysis of a trial of PPD treatment, depressive symptoms (Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-Atypical Depression Symptoms (SIGH-ADS29 )) and serum CRP levels were assessed and associations between CRP and SIGH-ADS29 scores evaluated. The associations between baseline log CRP and depression response and remission were also assessed...
April 13, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644439/comparative-effects-of-antidepressant-medications-and-untreated-major-depression-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jentina Mitchell, Janice Goodman
Psychopharmacological treatment of pregnant women is an area of continued controversy; extensive observational research on the use of antidepressant medications in pregnancy has found these medications to be associated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, and low birth weight. However, depression itself has also been associated with increased risk of those same outcomes, and only recently have researchers begun trying to compare treated with untreated depression. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to integrate those comparative studies and compare risks and benefits...
April 11, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637404/long-acting-olanzapine-injection-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding-a-case-report
#10
Irina Manouilenko, Inger Öhman, Jeanette Georgieva
We present one case of a woman treated with the intramuscular depot formulation of the atypical antipsychotic, olanzapine pamoate (ZypAdhera®), during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Data on olanzapine distribution in breast milk as well as on plasma concentration in the nursed infant are provided. The present case report demonstrates that olanzapine was excreted in the breast milk, but the breast-fed infant had very low olanzapine concentrations, which did not result in any adverse effects.
April 10, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623465/does-medical-students-personality-have-an-impact-on-their-intention-to-show-empathic-behavior
#11
Tamara Seitz, Angelika S Längle, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between specific personal traits and empathy. However, it is not clear if persons with certain personality traits lack the intent to show empathic behavior or if other factors independent of their intent are affecting their empathic behavior. To answer this question, we asked 132 medical students to fill out questionnaires evaluating the General Intention to Show Empathic Behavior (GISEB) and the five personality traits measured by NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619605/both-melatonin-and-meloxicam-improved-sleep-and-pain-in-females-with-primary-dysmenorrhea-results-from-a-double-blind-cross-over-intervention-pilot-study
#12
Farahnaz Keshavarzi, Fariba Mahmoudzadeh, Serge Brand, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Fariba Akbari, Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
Up to 25% of ovulating women suffer from primary dysmenorrhea, a condition associated with pain and transient-reduced quality of life, along with greater irritability and impaired sleep. In the present study, we asked whether and if so to what extent melatonin and meloxicam can improve subjective and objective sleep and reduce pain among women with primary dysmenorrhea (PD). To this end, we conducted a double-blind cross-over clinical trial lasting for three menstrual cycles. A total of 14 women (mean age M = 27...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616334/effectiveness-of-self-help-psychological-interventions-for-treating-and-preventing-postpartum-depression-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ping-Zhen Lin, Jiao-Mei Xue, Bei Yang, Meng Li, Feng-Lin Cao
Previous studies have reported different effect sizes for self-help interventions designed to reduce postpartum depression symptoms; therefore, a comprehensive quantitative review of the research was required. A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effectiveness of self-help interventions designed to treat and prevent postpartum depression, and identified nine relevant randomized controlled trials. Differences in depressive symptoms between self-help interventions and control conditions, changes in depressive symptoms following self-help interventions, and differences in postintervention recovery and improvement rates between self-help interventions and control conditions were assessed in separate analyses...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603018/expression-of-inflammatory-markers-in-women-with-perinatal-depressive-symptoms
#14
R Buglione-Corbett, K M Deligiannidis, K Leung, N Zhang, M Lee, M C Rosal, T A Moore Simas
Perinatal depression affects 10-20% of women and is associated with poor outcomes for mother and child. Inflammation is associated with depression in non-pregnant adults. Perinatal depression and inflammation in pregnancy are independently associated with morbidities including obesity, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and preterm birth. The role of inflammation in perinatal depression has received little attention. We hypothesized an association between self-reported perinatal depressive symptoms and serum inflammatory biomarkers TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and CRP...
March 30, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603017/an-open-label-pilot-study-of-a-home-wearable-light-therapy-device-for-postpartum-depression
#15
Leslie M Swanson, Helen J Burgess, Jennifer Zollars, J Todd Arnedt
We sought to establish the feasibility and preliminary effects of home-wearable light therapy for postpartum depression, and its effects on circadian measures. Eight women within 6 months postpartum were prescribed 60 min of daily morning light therapy for 5 weeks. The device was well tolerated. Significant improvements were observed in self-report and clinician-rated depression symptoms, with little change in objective circadian measures. Home-wearable light therapy is feasible for postpartum women and may be a promising treatment for postpartum depression...
March 30, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594384/femicide-trends-in-brazil-relationship-between-public-interest-and-mortality-rates
#16
Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho, Mário Luis Tavares Mendes, Daniele Machado Reinheimer, Edmundo Marques do Nascimento-Júnior, Andréia Centenaro Vaez, Victor Santana Santos, Hudson P Santos
In this information epidemiology (infodemiology) study, we describe the online public interest about the issue of femicide in Brazil and analyze the relationship between search queries and femicide trends from 2004 to 2015. We showed that information-seeking behavior for femicide in the Brazilian states has been strongly influenced by female homicide rates. Educational and policy-related interventions are needed to improve the population's knowledge and attitude toward femicide.
March 29, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594370/gender-difference-in-the-point-prevalence-symptoms-comorbidity-and-correlates-of-depression-findings-from-the-lagos-state-mental-health-survey-lsmhs-nigeria
#17
Abiodun O Adewuya, Olurotimi A Coker, Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle A Ola, Mathew P Zachariah, Tomilola Adewumi, Olufemi Olugbile, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
It is still unclear whether the gender difference in the rate of depression cuts across cultures or is specific to some depressive symptoms. This study evaluated the gender difference in current prevalence, symptoms, comorbidity, and correlates of depression in Lagos, Nigeria. A total of 11,246 adult participants (6525 females and 4712 males) in a face-to-face household survey were assessed for symptoms of depression. They were also assessed for symptoms of anxiety, somatic symptoms, alcohol and substance use disorders, and disability...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594369/maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-antepartum-risks-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#18
Nicole Racine, Sheri Madigan, Andre Plamondon, Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough
The aims of the current study were to examine the association between maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and antepartum health risks, and to investigate whether social support moderated this association. It was hypothesized that ACEs would be associated with antepartum health risks; however, social support in the prenatal period would buffer mothers from the deleterious consequences of ACEs. Data from 1994 women (mean age = 31 years) and their infants were collected from a longitudinal cohort recruited in health care offices in Alberta, Canada...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569043/paliperidone-and-pregnancy-an-evaluation-of-the-german-embryotox-database
#19
Marlies Onken, Inge Mick, Christof Schaefer
Schizophrenic or schizoaffective disorders often occur in early adulthood and thus affect women of childbearing age. For paliperidone information about reproductive safety is wanting. Therefore, we evaluated data from the German Embryotox pharmacovigilance institute regarding paliperidone therapy during pregnancy. The German Embryotox pharmacovigilance institute offers risk assessment on drug use in pregnancy and documents the outcome of more than 3500 drug-exposed pregnancies per year. In our study, we analyze the outcome of all pregnancies with paliperidone exposure, which have been assessed by our institute between January 2007 and June 2016...
March 22, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569042/-nobody-came-to-help-interviews-with-women-convicted-of-filicide-in-malaysia
#20
Salmi Razali, Jane Fisher, Maggie Kirkman
Although filicide is of serious concern, it is poorly understood in Malaysia. Our interviews with health and policy professionals revealed that they attribute responsibility for filicide to women's failure to comply with social norms and religious teachings. This research sought to understand the meaning of and background to filicide from the perspectives of women who have been convicted of filicide in Malaysia. In-depth interviews were conducted in person with all eligible and consenting women convicted of filicide and incarcerated in prisons or forensic psychiatric institutions...
March 22, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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