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Archives of Women's Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251369/hpa-axis-reactivity-to-pharmacologic-and-psychological-stressors-in-euthymic-women-with-histories-of-postpartum-versus-major-depression
#1
Elizabeth H Ferguson, Arianna Di Florio, Brenda Pearson, Karen T Putnam, Susan Girdler, David R Rubinow, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
It is unclear whether women with a history of postpartum depression (PPD) have residual, abnormal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity, as has been reported in major depression (MDD). Further unclear is whether the abnormalities in HPA axis reactivity associated with MDD represent a stable, underlying predisposition or a state-dependent phenomenon. This study sought the following: (1) to determine if euthymic postpartum women with a history of depression have an abnormal HPA axis reactivity to pharmacologic and psychological challenges and (2) to compare HPA reactivity in women with histories of PPD versus MDD...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175993/phq-8-minor-depression-among-pregnant-women-association-with-somatic-symptoms-of-depression
#2
Adrienne B McMahon, Clarissa J Arms-Chavez, Bridgette D Harper, Steven G LoBello
It was recently reported that pregnant women were more likely to have minor depression as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 depression scale (PHQ-8), (as reported by Kroenke and Spitzer (Psychiatr Ann 32(9):1-7, 2002), and Kroenke et al. (J Affect 114(1-3):163-173, 2009)) compared to women who were not pregnant (as reported by Ashley et al. (Arch Womens Ment Health 19(2):395-400, 2015)). The present study is designed to investigate if somatic symptoms (energy level, appetite, sleep) associated with both pregnancy and depression were responsible for this increased prevalence of minor depression...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160115/letter-from-the-editor-in-chief
#3
EDITORIAL
Anita Riecher-Rössler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078472/using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-women-and-men-some-cautionary-thoughts
#4
Stephen Matthey, Francesca Agostini
The objective of the study was to critically consider some of the possible limitations in the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS), given that great emphasis is put on the results of this measure within both clinical and research fields. Using findings and discussion points from other studies, as well as from a critical analysis of issues by the authors based upon their clinical and research experience, possible limitations with the scale in nine areas are discussed. Possible limitations include the following: (1) ambiguous items, (2) exclusion of certain types of distress, (3) scoring difficulties, (4) low positive predictive value, (5) frequent use of incorrect cut-off scores, (6) a vast array of validated cut-off scores, (7) validation against a questionable gold-standard, (8) limited anxiety detection and of depressive symptoms in men, and (9) many screen positive women only have transient distress...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070660/treatment-options-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#5
REVIEW
Amy Abramowitz, Emily S Miller, Katherine L Wisner
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a severe and prolonged form of nausea and/or vomiting during pregnancy. HG affects 0.3-2% of pregnancies and is defined by dehydration, ketonuria, and more than 5% body weight loss. Initial pharmacologic treatment for HG includes a combination of doxylamine and pyridoxine. Additional interventions include ondansetron or dopamine antagonists such as metoclopramide or promethazine. The options are limited for women who are not adequately treated with these medications. We suggest that mirtazapine is a useful drug in this context and its efficacy has been described in case studies...
January 9, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064341/history-of-depression-and-risk-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Helena Kames Kjeldgaard, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Hedvig Nordeng, Åse Vigdis Vikanes
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy condition characterised by debilitating nausea and vomiting. HG has been associated with depression during pregnancy but the direction of the association remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess whether previous depression is associated with HG. This is a population-based pregnancy cohort study using data from The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. The study reviewed 731 pregnancies with HG and 81,055 pregnancies without. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association between a lifetime history of depression and hyperemesis gravidarum...
January 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064340/impact-of-prenatal-exposure-to-diethylstilbestrol-des-on-psychological-outcome-a-national-survey-of-des-daughters-and-unexposed-controls
#7
Helene Verdoux, Emmanuel Devouche, Michel Tournaire, Anne Levadou
To explore whether prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) is associated with increased risk of poor psychological outcome independently of the occurrence of major somatic complications related to DES exposure. Data on health outcome were collected in women prenatally exposed to DES (n = 2566) and unexposed women (n = 2967) recruited in a French national survey. Women prenatally exposed to DES were 1.7 times more likely to have consulted a mental health specialist compared to unexposed women (adjusted odds ratio = 1...
January 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058505/a-randomized-controlled-trial-effects-of-a-prenatal-depression-intervention-on-perinatal-outcomes-among-chinese-high-risk-pregnant-women-with-medically-defined-complications
#8
Ying Zhao, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Shenxun Shi, Jing Wang, Jianfeng Luo
Prenatal psychosocial health has been linked with health behaviors, maternal health, and birth outcomes. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effects of a prenatal depression intervention on birth outcomes and maternal physical and psychological status at 42 days postpartum. Three hundred fifty-two high-risk pregnant women exposed to obstetric complications with an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) ≥ 9 or a Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS) ≥ 60 were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 176) and control group (n = 176)...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054214/the-association-between-historical-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-later-parenting-stress-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Melanie Hugill, Katherine Berry, Ian Fletcher
An individual's own experiences of childhood and being parented are likely to be key determinants of their later parenting experiences. Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is arguably the most toxic experience to occur in childhood and therefore may be particularly likely to impact on parenting stress in the context of parenting one's own children. This paper aims to review studies investigating associations between earlier CSA and later parenting to determine the size and consistency of the effects, identify any mediators and moderators of the relationship, and assess the quality of the evidence base...
April 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050649/a-closer-look-at-the-preventative-effect-of-antidepressants-in-postpartum-depression
#10
Verinder Sharma
Antidepressants are commonly recommended for prevention of postpartum depression; however, there is a lack of clarity about their role in the reduction of postpartum recurrences. Surprisingly, there are only two randomized controlled trials, one open trial, and one prospective cohort study on the subject. Evidence in support of the use of antidepressants is limited to a study of only 22 women. Due to the paucity of extant literature, no firm conclusions can be drawn about the prophylactic efficacy of antidepressants...
January 3, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#11
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
April 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032213/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-perinatal-anxiety-disorders-among-women-experiencing-a-medically-complicated-pregnancy
#12
Nichole Fairbrother, Allan H Young, Areiyu Zhang, Patricia Janssen, Martin M Antony
Over 20% of pregnancies involve medical difficulties that pose some threat to the health and well-being of the mother, her developing infant, or both. We report on the first comparison of the prevalence and incidence of maternal anxiety disorders (AD) in pregnancy and the postpartum, across levels of medical risk in pregnancy. Pregnant women (N = 310) completed postnatal screening measures for anxiety. Women who scored at or above cutoff on one or more of the screening measures were administered a diagnostic interview (n = 115) for AD...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032212/childhood-sexual-abuse-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-childbirth-a-path-analysis
#13
Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Claudia Leite Moraes, Louise Michele Howard, Gustavo Lobato
The aim of the study was to explore the pathways by which childhood sexual abuse (CSA), psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, and other covariates relate to each other and to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the postpartum period. The sample comprised 456 women who gave birth at a maternity service for high-risk pregnancies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, interviewed at 6-8 weeks after birth. A path analysis was carried out to explore the postulated pathways between exposures and outcome...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025705/prevalence-and-predictors-of-positive-screening-for-postpartum-depression-in-minority-parturients-in-the-south-bronx
#14
Samfee Doe, Stephen LoBue, Abraham Hamaoui, Shadi Rezai, Cassandra E Henderson, Ray Mercado
It is reported that the rates of perinatal depressive disorders are high in ethnic minority groups from non-English speaking countries. However, very few studies have compared the prevalence of positive screening for postpartum depression (PPD) in minority communities living in an inner city. The goal of this study is to determine the prevalence and the predictors of positive screening for postpartum depression in minority parturients in the South Bronx. The study is a chart review of 314 minority parturients, Black or Hispanic, screened for postpartum depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) tool...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013409/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-and-their-association-with-low-birth-weight-in-chinese-women-a-nested-case-control-study
#15
Shaoping Yang, Rong Yang, Shengwen Liang, Jing Wang, Nancy L Weaver, Ke Hu, Ronghua Hu, Edwin Trevathan, Zhen Huang, Yiming Zhang, Ting Yin, Jen Jen Chang, Jinzhu Zhao, Longjiao Shen, Guanghui Dong, Tongzhang Zheng, Shunqing Xu, Zhengmin Qian, Bin Zhang
This study is a nested case control study from a population-based cohort study conducted in Wuhan, China. The aim is to estimate the association between symptoms of depression during pregnancy (DDP), anxiety during pregnancy(ADP), and depression with anxiety during pregnancy (DADP) and low birth weight (LBW) and to examine the extent to which preterm birth (PTB) moderates these associations. Logistic regression analyses were used to model associations between DDP, ADP, and DADP and LBW. Models were stratified by the presence or absence of PTB to examine moderating effects...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013408/the-worldwide-incidence-of-neonaticide-a-systematic-review
#16
Cintia T Tanaka, William Berger, Alexandre M Valença, Evandro S F Coutinho, Girardin Jean-Louis, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Mauro V Mendlowicz
Neonaticide is the killing of a neonate on the day of its birth by his/her own mother. Neonaticidal women were reported to be predominantly young, unmarried, and primiparous. The motive for murdering the newborn relates to the shame, the fear of rejection, and abandonment by significant others, and the social stigmas associated with an illegitimate birth. The goal of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature and identify population-based studies reporting the incidence of neonaticide in different countries...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957597/financial-strain-and-birth-weight-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-distress
#17
Amanda M Mitchell, Lisa M Christian
The effects of financial strain during pregnancy have received limited attention. In addition, data examining the pathways by which SES indicators contribute to birth weight are lacking. The objective of the current study was to examine the potential pathway of psychological distress in the relationship between financial strain and birth weight. Participants consisted of 138 pregnant women who completed measures assessing financial strain, depressive symptoms, pregnancy-specific distress, perceived stress, and general anxiety during pregnancy (mean gestational age = 18...
February 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878386/associated-symptoms-of-depression-patterns-of-change-during-pregnancy
#18
Rita T Amiel Castro, Claudia Pinard Anderman, Vivette Glover, Thomas G O'Connor, Ulrike Ehlert, Martin Kammerer
Little is known about the natural course of depressive symptoms and associated features throughout pregnancy. We examined the course of some psychological and somatic symptoms in each month of pregnancy in a normative sample. A consecutive, unselected sample of women (N = 374) were interviewed retrospectively at 6 weeks postpartum with the Structured Clinical Interview (DSM-IV). Women were asked whether they had experienced each symptom at any time during pregnancy and the occurrence of the symptom for each month of pregnancy...
February 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826750/an-international-position-paper-on-mother-infant-perinatal-mental-health-with-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#19
Ian Brockington, Ruth Butterworth, Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal
The purpose of this paper is to set out informal, provisional and comprehensive but concise guidelines for mother-infant (perinatal) mental health (psychiatry), as an area of specialisation. It is informal in the sense that the authors are clinicians and researchers from many different nations, who share a common goal and vision, speaking on their own behalf and not with the backing of any authority or society. It is provisional in the expectation that it can be improved by criticism and new research findings...
February 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796597/heterogeneity-in-perinatal-depression-how-far-have-we-come-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Hudson Santos, Xianming Tan, Rebecca Salomon
Despite perinatal depression (PND) being a common mental disorder affecting pregnant women and new mothers, limited attention has been paid to the heterogeneous nature of this disorder. We examined heterogeneity in PND symptom profiles and symptom trajectories. Literature searches revealed 247 studies, 23 of which were included in the final review. The most common statistical approaches used to explore symptom and trajectory heterogeneity were latent class model and growth mixture model. All but one study examined PND symptom trajectories and provided collective evidence of at least three heterogeneous patterns: low, medium, or chronic-high symptom levels...
February 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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