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Archives of Women's Mental Health

Alexandre Faisal-Cury, Paulo Rossi Menezes
Although many women experience depressive symptoms during the first year after childbirth, the relationship between type of delivery and maternal depression is not clear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate relationship between type of delivery and maternal depression, between 6 to 16 months after childbirth. We performed a prospective cohort study of 558 low-socioeconomic status pregnant women without depression. All participants were recruited from primary care clinics of the public sector in three administrative districts in the Western area of the city of São Paulo, Brazil...
November 9, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, J Wood, E M Fujimoto
Latinas in the USA and Spanish-speaking countries experience elevated rates of perinatal depression (PND) because of high psychosocial stressors. Latinas are heterogeneous and have varying cultural practices. It is unclear whether specific cultural orientations have differential risks for PND. This systematic review aimed to determine whether degree of acculturation, Marianismo, and religiosity are risks or protective factors for PND in Latina women living in the USA, Latin America, and other countries. The review included PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Academic Search Ultimate (EBSCO), and Social Services Abstracts, and used Boolean combined keywords...
October 25, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Paula Fernandez Arias, Keiko Yoshida, Ian F Brockington, Jennifer Kernreiter, Claudia M Klier
Pregnancy and motherhood are often presented as natural and unproblematic for women. The fact that there are some women who engage in violent behaviour towards their unborn child suggests that motherhood is not as unproblematic as we are led to believe. This paper presents six previously unpublished cases of foetal abuse that is physical assaults on the foetus by the mothers themselves, and examines how the prevailing myth of the good mother might be further endangering mothers and their unborn children. So far, the research suggests there are some common, possibly co-occurring, features that might be an antecedent to foetal abuse: unplanned pregnancies, prior mental health issues in the mother, trauma, pregnancy denial up to 20 weeks or until birth, and ideation of harm correlated to in utero movements...
October 24, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
A F Bell, L H Rubin, J M Davis, J Golding, O A Adejumo, C S Carter
Optimal maternal caregiving is critical for children's healthy development, yet quality of maternal caregiving may be influenced by a negative birth experience. We examined whether the birth experience was associated with maternal caregiving attitudes and behavior throughout the first year. We conducted secondary analysis of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children birth cohort on perinatal data. The birth experience was assessed using self-report data on level of support in labor. Maternal caregiving variables were self-report maternal attitudes at one and eight postnatal months, and observed maternal behavior at 12 postnatal months...
October 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Elena Ierardi, Valentino Ferro, Annamaria Trovato, Renata Tambelli, Cristina Riva Crugnola
While there have been studies on the effects of maternal depression and anxiety on mother-infant styles of interaction in infancy, there have been no studies on the effects of paternal depression and anxiety or on the joint effects of maternal and paternal depression and anxiety on mother-infant styles of interaction. The aims of the study were to examine the associations between maternal depression and anxiety and paternal depression and anxiety and to examine the relationship between maternal and paternal depression and anxiety and mother-infant styles of interaction at infant 3 months...
October 19, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Suzan L Carmichael, Marcelo L Urquia, Can Liu, Anders Hjern
We examined whether women experiencing severe maternal morbidity (SMM) are more likely to be treated for a psychiatric illness or be prescribed psychotropic medications in the postpartum year than mothers who did not experience SMM. We also examine the relationship between SMM and specific mental health-related outcomes, and the relationship between specific SMM diagnoses/procedures and postpartum mental-health-related outcomes. The national registers in Sweden were used to create a population-based matched cohort...
October 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sandra Simó, Laura Zúñiga, María Teresa Izquierdo, Maria F Rodrigo
Ultrasound is a common medical care procedure during pregnancy which has psychological implications. Research has found that it reduces the mother's level of anxiety, but there is not enough literature on the effects of the ultrasound in relation to the trimester it is done (first, second, and third) and the effects on the psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the ultrasound in the first, second, and third trimester on anxiety and variables related to psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy...
October 15, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Lea Takács, Jitka Mlíková Seidlerová, Zuzana Štěrbová, Pavel Čepický, Jan Havlíček
Postpartum depression (PPD) affects up to 19% of all mothers, with detrimental effects on both mother and child. The antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of plasma oxytocin are well-documented, but it is still disputable whether synthetic oxytocin (synOT) may protect women against postpartum mood alterations. The current study examined the association between synOT intrapartum and maternal mood postpartum using a prospective design. Two hundred sixty women were screened for depressive symptoms in the last trimester of pregnancy and then again 6 weeks and 9 months postpartum using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
October 10, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sun Jae Jung, Andrea L Roberts, Patricia Chocano-Bedoya, Brian W Whitcomb, Stacey A Missmer, JoAnn E Manson, Susan E Hankinson, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson, Karestan C Koenen
We examined the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (+PTSD) symptoms and incident premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in a longitudinal study with 14 years follow-up of 2924 women aged 27-44. Compared to women with no trauma exposure, women with trauma/PTSD were at significantly increased risk of PMS (p-trend < .001): 1) trauma/no PTSD odds ratio (OR) = 1.31 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.63], 2) 1-3 PTSD symptoms OR = 1.71 [95% CI = 1.33-2.20], 3) 4-5 PTSD symptoms OR = 2...
October 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Reda Boukakiou, Nine M C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Bruno Falissard, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Florence Gressier
Pregnancy in women with mental disorders is increasingly common. The aim of this study was to determine, in women with severe mental illnesses, whether a prenatal episode was related to neonatal complications and if a specific disorder was associated with a higher risk. A population of infants and their mothers (n = 1439) jointly admitted to psychiatric Mother-Baby Units in France and Belgium (2001-2010) was assessed respectively for prematurity, low birth weight (LBW), hospitalization in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), and maternal mental health during pregnancy...
October 5, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Rena A Menke, Leslie Swanson, Nora L Erickson, Greta Reglan, Stephanie Thompson, Katherine Harris Bullard, Katherine Rosenblum, Juan P Lopez, Maria Muzik
This study leverages psychiatric intake data from treatment-seeking perinatal women aiming to explore the understudied associations between childhood adversity, sleep quality, and severity of perinatal mental illness in this population. The sample is 578 perinatal women presenting for initial evaluation to a university-based perinatal psychiatry clinic. At intake, we collected demographics, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), sleep quality, and diagnosis and symptom severity of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Catherine Chojenta, Jananie William, Michael A Martin, Julie Byles, Deborah Loxton
The perinatal period is a critical time for mental health and is also associated with high health care expenditure. Our previous work has identified a history of poor mental health as the strongest predictor of poor perinatal mental health. This study aims to examine the impact of a history of poor mental health on health care costs during the perinatal period. Data from the 1973-1978 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) were linked with a number of administrative datasets including the NSW Admitted Patient Data Collection and Perinatal Data Collection, the Medicare Benefits Scheme and the Pharmaceuticals Benefits Scheme between 2002 and 2011...
September 25, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Gabi Aisenberg Romano, Inbar Fried Zaig, Anat Halevy, Foad Azem, Ami Amit, Miki Bloch
To explore the mood protective effect of prophylactic SSRI treatment on women undergoing IVF suffering from moderate affective and anxiety symptoms. In a randomized double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design study, 41 women diagnosed with an Adjustment Disorder, who were undergoing IVF treatments, were randomized into two groups; a study group (n = 22) administered escitalopram 10 mg/day, and a control group (n = 19) administered placebo for a total of 8 weeks before and during the IVF treatment cycle...
September 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Helena Kames Kjeldgaard, Åse Vikanes, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Carolin Junge, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Malin Eberhard-Gran
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy condition characterised by severe nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy. The experience of HG is for many women a traumatic event. Few studies have investigated a possible association between HG and birth-related posttraumatic stress. The objective of the current study was to assess whether HG increases the risk of birth-related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). This was a population-based pregnancy cohort study using data from the Akershus Birth Cohort Study (ABC study)...
September 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Amanda L Shamblaw, Robyn E Cardy, Eric Prost, Kate L Harkness
Depression is the most common mental disorder in pregnancy. An important risk factor in the development of prenatal depression is lifetime history of abuse. The current review quantitatively synthesized research on the association between history of abuse and prenatal depressive symptoms using a meta-analytic technique. A total of 3322 articles were identified through electronic searches of the following databases: PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, and EMBASE Cochrane Collaboration databases between the years of 1980 and 2016...
September 8, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez, Elinor M Fujimoto, Cort A Pedersen
Perinatal depression has been associated with lower oxytocin (OT) levels. However, few studies have explored this topic in relation to Latinas who are at high risk of perinatal depression. The objective of this study was to explore these associations in Latinas. A total of 108 Latinas in the third trimester of pregnancy participated in the study. Depression and urinary OT levels were assessed in pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum. Nonparametric tests were implemented to test the proposed associations. Results revealed that 28% of the participants had probable depression in pregnancy, and 23% at 6 weeks postpartum...
September 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Kiki E M van Broekhoven, Annemiek Karreman, Esther E Hartman, Paul Lodder, Joyce J Endendijk, Veerle Bergink, Victor J M Pop
For women with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) trait symptoms, coping with childbearing and parenting could be associated with postpartum depressive symptoms. Therefore, the possible relationship between OCPD trait symptoms and trajectories of postpartum depressive symptoms was examined. A cohort of 1427 women was followed from late pregnancy until 12 months' postpartum. Trajectories of postpartum depressive symptoms were determined using growth mixture modeling with five repeated assessments...
August 31, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Avina Sarna, Roopal J Singh, Mona Duggal, Prabha Chandra, Nancy Reynolds
To assess the prevalence and correlates of perinatal depression, 200 HIV-positive pregnant/post-partum women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) were interviewed at eight government ART centers in four states across India. 52.5% (105) participants had depressive symptomology (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score > 13) while 23% of the participants reported thoughts of self-harm; there was no difference between pregnant and postpartum participants. Poor illness perception was associated with depression (AOR, 1...
August 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Daniel M Campagne
We specify and summarize significant data from recent large studies in a tool with which to aim at consensus on the question of whether and how serotonin-reuptake antidepressants should be used in pregnancy, on the basis that concern for the mental health of the mother should not vie for primacy with concern for the short-, medium-, and long-term health of the child, but must be best served together. Side effects are small but significant over the majority of 11 categories, perinatal and into adolescence. In clinical practice, alternatives for serotonin-reuptake medication in pregnancy should be more actively pursued...
August 20, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Fateme Ranjbar, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Alireza Pishgahi, Ozra Nobari, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Sara Farhang, Ladan Adlnasab, Shahla Dareshiri
Female sex workers are a deprived part of Islamic communities. It is necessary for public health policy makers to have knowledge about their mental health status. This study aims to have an evaluation of mental health among female sex workers in Tabriz for the first time in northwest of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 48 female sex workers who had accepted to be evaluated were included. Sociodemographic and general mental health statuses, using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), were recorded. Those with GHQ-28 score more than 23/24 in the first session were thoroughly interviewed in a second session in order to find out their specific mental disorder, using Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis 1 and 2 Disorders (SCID 1 and 2)...
August 20, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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