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Archives of Women's Mental Health

Gabi Aisenberg Romano, Inbar Fried Zaig, Anat Halevy, Foad Azem, Ami Amit, Miki Bloch
To explore the mood protective effect of prophylactic SSRI treatment on women undergoing IVF suffering from moderate affective and anxiety symptoms. In a randomized double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design study, 41 women diagnosed with an Adjustment Disorder, who were undergoing IVF treatments, were randomized into two groups; a study group (n = 22) administered escitalopram 10 mg/day, and a control group (n = 19) administered placebo for a total of 8 weeks before and during the IVF treatment cycle...
September 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Helena Kames Kjeldgaard, Åse Vikanes, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Carolin Junge, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Malin Eberhard-Gran
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy condition characterised by severe nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy. The experience of HG is for many women a traumatic event. Few studies have investigated a possible association between HG and birth-related posttraumatic stress. The objective of the current study was to assess whether HG increases the risk of birth-related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). This was a population-based pregnancy cohort study using data from the Akershus Birth Cohort Study (ABC study)...
September 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Amanda L Shamblaw, Robyn E Cardy, Eric Prost, Kate L Harkness
Depression is the most common mental disorder in pregnancy. An important risk factor in the development of prenatal depression is lifetime history of abuse. The current review quantitatively synthesized research on the association between history of abuse and prenatal depressive symptoms using a meta-analytic technique. A total of 3322 articles were identified through electronic searches of the following databases: PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, and EMBASE Cochrane Collaboration databases between the years of 1980 and 2016...
September 8, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez, Elinor M Fujimoto, Cort A Pedersen
Perinatal depression has been associated with lower oxytocin (OT) levels. However, few studies have explored this topic in relation to Latinas who are at high risk of perinatal depression. The objective of this study was to explore these associations in Latinas. A total of 108 Latinas in the third trimester of pregnancy participated in the study. Depression and urinary OT levels were assessed in pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum. Nonparametric tests were implemented to test the proposed associations. Results revealed that 28% of the participants had probable depression in pregnancy, and 23% at 6 weeks postpartum...
September 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Kiki E M van Broekhoven, Annemiek Karreman, Esther E Hartman, Paul Lodder, Joyce J Endendijk, Veerle Bergink, Victor J M Pop
For women with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) trait symptoms, coping with childbearing and parenting could be associated with postpartum depressive symptoms. Therefore, the possible relationship between OCPD trait symptoms and trajectories of postpartum depressive symptoms was examined. A cohort of 1427 women was followed from late pregnancy until 12 months' postpartum. Trajectories of postpartum depressive symptoms were determined using growth mixture modeling with five repeated assessments...
August 31, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Avina Sarna, Roopal J Singh, Mona Duggal, Prabha Chandra, Nancy Reynolds
To assess the prevalence and correlates of perinatal depression, 200 HIV-positive pregnant/post-partum women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) were interviewed at eight government ART centers in four states across India. 52.5% (105) participants had depressive symptomology (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score > 13) while 23% of the participants reported thoughts of self-harm; there was no difference between pregnant and postpartum participants. Poor illness perception was associated with depression (AOR, 1...
August 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Daniel M Campagne
We specify and summarize significant data from recent large studies in a tool with which to aim at consensus on the question of whether and how serotonin-reuptake antidepressants should be used in pregnancy, on the basis that concern for the mental health of the mother should not vie for primacy with concern for the short-, medium-, and long-term health of the child, but must be best served together. Side effects are small but significant over the majority of 11 categories, perinatal and into adolescence. In clinical practice, alternatives for serotonin-reuptake medication in pregnancy should be more actively pursued...
August 20, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Fateme Ranjbar, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Alireza Pishgahi, Ozra Nobari, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Sara Farhang, Ladan Adlnasab, Shahla Dareshiri
Female sex workers are a deprived part of Islamic communities. It is necessary for public health policy makers to have knowledge about their mental health status. This study aims to have an evaluation of mental health among female sex workers in Tabriz for the first time in northwest of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 48 female sex workers who had accepted to be evaluated were included. Sociodemographic and general mental health statuses, using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), were recorded. Those with GHQ-28 score more than 23/24 in the first session were thoroughly interviewed in a second session in order to find out their specific mental disorder, using Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis 1 and 2 Disorders (SCID 1 and 2)...
August 20, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Johanna T Pietikäinen, Päivi Polo-Kantola, Pirjo Pölkki, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, E Juulia Paavonen
In the general population, sleeping problems can precede an episode of depression. We hypothesized that sleeping problems during pregnancy, including insomnia symptoms, shortened sleep, and daytime tiredness, are related to maternal postnatal depressiveness. We conducted a prospective study evaluating sleep and depressive symptoms, both prenatally (around gestational week 32) and postnatally (around 3 months after delivery) in the longitudinal CHILD-SLEEP birth cohort in Finland. Prenatally, 1667 women returned the questionnaire, of which 1398 women participated also at the postnatal follow-up...
August 18, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Kai-Ming Duan, Sai-Ying Wang, Ji-Ye Yin, Xi Li, Jia-Hui Ma, Zhen-Dong Huang, Ying-Yong Zhou, He-Ya Yu, Mi Yang, Hong-Hao Zhou, Zhao-Qian Liu
Postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS) are not an uncommon mood disorder in postpartum women. Our previous research indicated a role for increased tryptophan (TRP) metabolism along the kynurenine pathway (KP) in the pathogenesis of PDS. Accordingly, this study was going to investigate the association of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO, a key enzyme of KP) genetic polymorphisms with PDS. Seven hundred twenty-five women receiving cesarean section were enrolled in this study. PDS was determined by an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥ 13...
August 18, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Bussara Sangsawang, Chintana Wacharasin, Nucharee Sangsawang
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major public health problem affecting 10-57% of adolescent mothers which can affect not only adolescent mothers but also their infants. Thus, there is a need for interventions to prevent PPD in adolescent mothers. However, recent systematic reviews have been focused on effective interventions to prevent PPD in adult mothers. These interventions may not necessarily be applicable for adolescent mothers. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to examine the effectiveness of the existing interventions to prevent PPD in adolescent mothers...
August 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Georgios Schoretsanitis, Marc Augustin, Helena Saßmannshausen, Cordula Franz, Gerhard Gründer, Michael Paulzen
Despite increasing prescription rates of antidepressants in pregnant and breastfeeding women over the past decades, evidence of drug exposure for neonates through lactation is very sparse. Concentrations of three antidepressants citalopram, sertraline, and venlafaxine were measured in maternal blood and breast milk in 17 women receiving antidepressant therapy during breastfeeding period. We also computed concentration-by-dose-ratios (C/D) and milk to serum (plasma) penetration ratios (M/P). Non-parametric tests were applied...
August 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Bruna Portes, Joana Bisol Balardin, Shirley Lacerda, Fernanda Pires, Patricia Tobo, Carla Barrichello, Jeffrey Peterson, Livia Rentas Sanches, Liana Sanches-Rocha, Edson Amaro, Elisa Harumi Kozasa
The aims of the current study were to examine differences in brain responses to cognitive control in stressed and non-stressed women managers. Stress complaints are highly prevalent among active workers and play an important role in women managers mental health and cognitive functioning. Psychosocial stress has been associated with differential executive functions in this population, but little is known about the neural correlates underlying such differences. We examined brain responses of a particular group of workers that has been proposed to have a different response to stress as a function of their status (i...
August 15, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Manuel Delgado-Alvarado, Diana Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Manuel Canal, Victor Ortiz-García de la Foz, Javier Labad, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro
Patients with schizophrenia frequently present hyperprolactinemia as a consequence of antipsychotic treatment. However, an increase in circulating prolactin levels has also been shown in patients without previous treatment. Our objective was to compare prolactin levels between antipsychotic-naive first-episode psychosis (AN-FEP) patients and healthy controls (HC). As part of an FEP program (Programa Asistencial Fases Iniciales de Psicosis [PAFIP]), 270 AN-FEP patients and 153 HC were eligible for this study...
August 10, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Cristina Domenech, Corrado Bernasconi, Maria Victoria Moneta, Anna-Lena Nordstroem, Paula Cristobal-Narvaez, Ellen Vorstenbosch, Jesus Cobo, Susana Ochoa, Josep Maria Haro
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with schizophrenia is related to the severity of psychiatric symptoms. The objective of this study is to analyze whether the symptoms that influence HRQoL are similar in women and men. Data were part of the Pattern study, an international observational investigation which collected data from 1379 outpatients with schizophrenia. Patients were evaluated with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory, the Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia, and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and reported their quality of life using the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), the Short Form-36 (SF-36), and the EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D)...
August 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Caron Zlotnick, Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Christina A Raker
Intimate partner victimization (IPV) during the perinatal period is associated with adverse outcomes for the woman, her developing fetus, and any children in her care. Maternal mental health concerns, including depression and anxiety, are prevalent during the perinatal period particularly among women experiencing IPV. Screening and interventions for IPV targeting women seeking mental health treatment are lacking. In the current study, we examine the feasibility, acceptability, and the preliminary efficacy of a brief, motivational computer-based intervention, SURE (Strength for U in Relationship Empowerment), for perinatal women with IPV seeking mental health treatment...
August 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Stefanie M Klampfl, Oliver J Bosch
Becoming a mother is an intense experience that not only changes a woman's life but is also paralleled by multiple central adaptations. These changes evolve before parturition and continue to persist into lactation, thereby ensuring the full commitment of the mother to care for the newborns. Most of our knowledge on these adaptations that drive the peripartum brain come from rodent animal models. On one side, it is known that maternal behavior is initiated and maternal mood is stabilized by an upregulation of the pro-maternal neuropeptide systems' activity of oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin...
August 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Sandrine Lamy, Estelle Houivet, Stéphane Marret, Benjamin Hennart, Heloise Delavenne, Jacques Benichou, Delphine Allorge, Florence Thibaut
Tobacco and/or alcohol use during pregnancy is a major public health concern. The aim of our study was to identify risk factors associated to maternal alcohol and tobacco use assessed by maternal self-reports combined with biological measurements in meconium samples of cotinine and ethylglucuronide which reflect fetal exposure to tobacco and alcohol, respectively, during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. We conducted a prospective study in three maternity hospitals in a large urban area during consecutive weeks (2010 and 2011)...
August 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Chaitra Jairaj, Clara Mai Fitzsimons, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Niamh O'Leary, Niamh Joyce, Anthony McCarthy, Eugene Cassidy, Jennifer Donnelly, Elizabeth Tully, Mendinaro Imcha, Jackie Austin, Kelly Doolin, Chloe Farrell, Veronica O'Keane
Ireland has the second-highest birth rate in Europe and poorly developed perinatal psychiatry services. There are no screening services for antenatal depression and no data available on prevalence rates of depression among women attending the Irish obstetric services. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence rates of depression during pregnancy in a population sample in Ireland using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) as a screening tool. Pregnant women during all stages of pregnancy were recruited from five maternity hospitals throughout the Republic of Ireland...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Linda Bara Lydsdottir, Louise M Howard, Halldora Olafsdottir, Hjalti Einarsson, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson
Risk factors for antenatal common mental problems include a history of depression, lack of social support and a history of both childhood and adulthood sexual and physical abuse. However, it is less clear whether pregnancy is a time of particular susceptibility to mental disorders due to prior childhood experiences. The aim of the paper was to investigate the potential pathways to antenatal mental health problems. A total of 521 women attending prenatal care attended a clinical interview and answered psychological questionnaires...
July 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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