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Health Care Management Science

Honora Smith, Christine Currie, Pornpimol Chaiwuttisak, Andreas Kyprianou
As an aid to predicting future hospital admissions, we compare use of the Multinomial Logit and the Utility Maximising Nested Logit models to describe how patients choose their hospitals. The models are fitted to real data from Derbyshire, United Kingdom, which lists the postcodes of more than 200,000 admissions to six different local hospitals. Both elective and emergency admissions are analysed for this mixed urban/rural area. For characteristics that may affect a patient's choice of hospital, we consider the distance of the patient from the hospital, the number of beds at the hospital and the number of car parking spaces available at the hospital, as well as several statistics publicly available on National Health Service (NHS) websites: an average waiting time, the patient survey score for ward cleanliness, the patient safety score and the inpatient survey score for overall care...
April 11, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Sebastian Rachuba, Andrew Salmon, Zhivko Zhelev, Martin Pitt
Patients presenting with chest pain at an emergency department in the United Kingdom receive troponin tests to assess the likelihood of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Until recently, serial testing with two blood samples separated by at least six hours was necessary in order to analyse the change in troponin levels over time. New high-sensitivity troponin tests, however, allow the inter-test time to be shortened from six to three hours. Recent evidence also suggests that the new generation of troponin tests can be used to rule out AMI on the basis of a single test if patients at low risk of AMI present with very low cardiac troponin levels more than three hours after onset of worst pain...
March 30, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Adam Diamant, Joseph Milner, Fayez Quereshy, Bo Xu
We investigate the inventory management practices for reusable surgical instruments that must be sterilized between uses. We study a hospital that outsources their sterilization services and model the inventory process as a discrete-time Markov chain. We present two base-stock inventory models, one that considers stockout-based substitution and one that does not. We derive the optimal base-stock level for the number of reusable instruments to hold in inventory, the expected service level, and investigate the implied cost of a stockout...
March 8, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Lukas Kwietniewski, Jonas Schreyögg
This is the first study to use stochastic frontier analysis to simultaneously estimate the technical, cost and profit efficiency of physician practices for different physician specialist groups. We base our analysis on a unique panel data set of 4964 physician practices in Germany for the years 2008 to 2010. The data contains information on practice costs and revenues, services provided, as well as physician characteristics and practice characteristics. Additionally we consider a wide range additional variables not previously analyzed in this context (e...
February 28, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Rajendra Dulal
This study investigates associations between five-star quality ratings and technical efficiency of nursing homes. The sample consists of a balanced panel of 338 nursing homes in California from 2009 through 2013 and uses two-stage data envelopment (DEA) analysis. The first-stage applies an input oriented variable returns to scale DEA analysis. The second-stage uses a left censored random-effect Tobit regression model. The five-star quality ratings i.e., health inspections, quality measures, staffing available on the Nursing Home Compare website are divided into two categories: outcome and structure form of quality...
February 28, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Daniel M Walker
The federal government allocated nearly $30 billion to spur the development of information technology infrastructure capable of supporting the exchange of interoperable clinical data, leading to growth in hospital participation in health information exchange (HIE) networks. HIEs have the potential to improve care coordination across healthcare providers, leading ultimately to increased productivity of health services for hospitals. However, the impact of HIE participation on hospital efficiency remains unclear...
February 24, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Yauheniya Varabyova, Carl Rudolf Blankart, Jonas Schreyögg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Necmi Kemal Avkiran
Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) has become more popular across many disciplines including health care. However, articles in health care often fail to discuss the choice of PLS-SEM and robustness testing is not undertaken. This article presents the steps to be followed in a thorough PLS-SEM analysis, and includes a conceptual comparison of PLS-SEM with the more traditional covariance-based structural equation modeling (CB-SEM) to enable health care researchers and policy makers make appropriate choices...
February 8, 2017: Health Care Management Science
Yasar A Ozcan, Elena Tànfani, Angela Testi
This paper aims to improve the performance of clinical processes using clinical pathways (CPs). The specific goal of this research is to develop a decision support tool, based on a simulation-optimization approach, which identify the proper adjustment and alignment of resources to achieve better performance for both the patients and the health-care facility. When multiple perspectives are present in a decision problem, critical issues arise and often require the balancing of goals. In our approach, meeting patients' clinical needs in a timely manner, and to avoid worsening of clinical conditions, we assess the level of appropriate resources...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Kayse Lee Maass, Boying Liu, Mark S Daskin, Mary Duck, Zhehui Wang, Rama Mwenesi, Hannah Schapiro
Increased nurse-to-patient ratios are associated negatively with increased costs and positively with improved patient care and reduced nurse burnout rates. Thus, it is critical from a cost, patient safety, and nurse satisfaction perspective that nurses be utilized efficiently and effectively. To address this, we propose a stochastic programming formulation for nurse staffing that accounts for variability in the patient census and nurse absenteeism, day-to-day correlations among the patient census levels, and costs associated with three different classes of nursing personnel: unit, pool, and temporary nurses...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Javier Fiallos, Jonathan Patrick, Wojtek Michalowski, Ken Farion
In attempting to measure the performance of providers in a service industry such as health care, it is crucial that the measurement tool recognize both the efficiency and quality of service provided. We develop a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model to help assess the performance of emergency department (ED) physicians at a partner hospital. The model incorporates efficiency measures as inputs and quality measures as outputs. We demonstrate the importance of a nuanced approach that recognizes the heterogeneity of patients that an ED physician encounters and the important role s/he plays as a mentor for physicians in training...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Andreas Fügener, Sebastian Schiffels, Rainer Kolisch
The planning of surgery durations is crucial for efficient usage of operating theaters. Both planning too long and too short durations for surgeries lead to undesirable consequences, e.g. idle time, overtime, or rescheduling of surgeries. We define these consequences as operating room inefficiency. The overall objective of planning surgery durations is to minimize expected operating room inefficiency, since surgery durations are stochastic. While most health care studies assume economically rational behavior of decision makers, experimental studies have shown that decision makers often do not act according to economic incentives...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Seokcheon Lee
Response time in emergency medical services (EMS) is defined as the interval for an ambulance to arrive the scene after receipt of a 911 call. When several ambulances are available upon the receipt of a new call, a decision of selecting an ambulance has to be made in an effort to reduce response time. Dispatching the closest unit available is commonly used in practice; however, recently the Preparedness policy was designed that is in a simplistic form yet being capable of securing a long-term efficiency. This research aims to improve the Preparedness policy, resolving several critical issues inherent in the current form of the policy...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Thomas T H Wan, Judith Ortiz, Alice Du, Adam G Golden
The enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been expected to improve the coverage of health insurance, particularly as related to the coordination of seamless care and the continuity of elder care among Medicare beneficiaries. The analysis of longitudinal data (2007 through 2013) in rural areas offers a unique opportunity to examine trends and patterns of rural disparities in hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge among Medicare beneficiaries served by rural health clinics (RHCs) in the eight southeastern states of the Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS) Region 4...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Jessica L Heier Stamm, Nicoleta Serban, Julie Swann, Pascale Wortley
Accessibility and equity across populations are important measures in public health. This paper is specifically concerned with potential spatial accessibility, or the opportunity to receive care as moderated by geographic factors, and with horizontal equity, or fairness across populations regardless of need. Both accessibility and equity were goals of the 2009 vaccination campaign for the novel H1N1a influenza virus, including during the period when demand for vaccine exceeded supply. Distribution system design can influence equity and accessibility at the local level...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Yen-Yi Feng, I-Chin Wu, Tzu-Li Chen
The number of emergency cases or emergency room visits rapidly increases annually, thus leading to an imbalance in supply and demand and to the long-term overcrowding of hospital emergency departments (EDs). However, current solutions to increase medical resources and improve the handling of patient needs are either impractical or infeasible in the Taiwanese environment. Therefore, EDs must optimize resource allocation given limited medical resources to minimize the average length of stay of patients and medical resource waste costs...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Shan Liu, Margaret L Brandeau, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert
How long should a patient with a treatable chronic disease wait for more effective treatments before accepting the best available treatment? We develop a framework to guide optimal treatment decisions for a deteriorating chronic disease when treatment technologies are improving over time. We formulate an optimal stopping problem using a discrete-time, finite-horizon Markov decision process. The goal is to maximize a patient's quality-adjusted life expectancy. We derive structural properties of the model and analytically solve a three-period treatment decision problem...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Xiangyong Li, N Rafaliya, M Fazle Baki, Ben A Chaouch
Scheduling of surgeries in the operating rooms under limited competing resources such as surgical and nursing staff, anesthesiologist, medical equipment, and recovery beds in surgical wards is a complicated process. A well-designed schedule should be concerned with the welfare of the entire system by allocating the available resources in an efficient and effective manner. In this paper, we develop an integer linear programming model in a manner useful for multiple goals for optimally scheduling elective surgeries based on the availability of surgeons and operating rooms over a time horizon...
March 2017: Health Care Management Science
Diogo Ferreira, Rui Cunha Marques
Healthcare systems are facing a resources scarcity so they must be efficiently managed. On the other hand, it is commonly accepted that the higher the consumed resources, the higher the hospital production, although this is not true in practice. Congestion on inputs is an economic concept dealing with such situation and it is defined as the decreasing of outputs due to some resources overuse. This scenario gets worse when inpatients' high severity requires a strict and effective resources management, as happens in Intensive Care Units (ICU)...
December 28, 2016: Health Care Management Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Care Management Science
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