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Surgical Infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915094/surgical-site-infections-after-tissue-flaps-performed-in-low-and-middle-human-development-index-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Lawrence Z Cai, James Chang, Thomas G Weiser, Joseph D Forrester
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) affect the safety of surgical care and are particularly problematic and prevalent in low and middle Human Development Index Countries (LMHDICs). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on SSIs after tissue flap procedures in LMHDICs through the PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science databases. Of the 405 abstracts identified, 79 were selected for full text review, and 30 studies met inclusion criteria for analysis...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885898/antibiotic-prescribing-practices-for-prevention-of-surgical-site-infections-in-australia-increased-uptake-of-national-guidelines-after-surveillance-and-reporting-and-impact-on-infection-rates
#2
Ann L Bull, Leon J Worth, Tim Spelman, Michael J Richards
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial prophylaxis is the single most effective intervention to reduce risk of surgical site infections (SSIs); however, prescribing practices should be aligned with accepted and recommended surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) regimens to be effective. As part of a comprehensive surveillance network, SAP data are collated and analyzed for compliance with recommendations. Results are reported to hospitals for quality improvement purposes. In this study, statewide results were analyzed to ascertain changes over time and whether improved compliance was associated with a reduction in risk for SSI...
September 8, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885895/meta-analysis-of-comparative-trials-evaluating-a-prophylactic-single-use-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-system-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-complications
#3
Vicki Strugala, Robin Martin
BACKGROUND: We report the first meta-analysis on the impact of prophylactic use of a specific design of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) device on surgical site complications. METHODS: Articles were identified in which the specific single-use NPWT device (PICO(⋄), Smith & Nephew) was compared with standard care for surgical site infection (SSI), dehiscence, or length of stay (LOS). Risk ratio (RR) ±95% confidence interval (CI) (SSI; dehiscence) or mean difference in LOS ±95% CI was calculated using RevMan v5...
September 8, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880805/a-prospective-one-year-microbiologic-survey-of-combined-pneumonia-and-respiratory-failure
#4
Kristen Fisher, Tracy Trupka, Scott T Micek, Paul Juang, Marin H Kollef
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and respiratory failure are common problems in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting, often occurring together. The relative prevalence of pneumonia types (community acquired, hospital acquired, ventilator associated) and causative pathogens is not well described in patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study conducted in the medical ICU (34 beds) of Barnes-Jewish Hospital, an academic referral center of 1,300 beds from January 2016-December 2016...
September 7, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880724/prevalence-of-recent-antimicrobial-exposure-among-elective-surgical-patients
#5
Christopher A Guidry, Robert G Sawyer
BACKGROUND: The annual prevalence of antimicrobial exposure is high in the outpatient setting and should be a common exposure for surgical patients. Antimicrobials have negative side effects and may be associated with poor outcomes. Logically, one would expect surgical patients to be particularly susceptible to any negative effects of recent antimicrobial exposure. Despite these observations, however, the prevalence of recent antimicrobial exposure among surgical patients remains undefined...
September 7, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850314/identifying-the-infection-control-areas-requiring-modifications-in-thoracic-surgery-units-results-of-a-two-year-surveillance-of-surgical-site-infections-in-hospitals-in-southern-poland
#6
Grzegorz Dubiel, Paweł Rogoziński, Elżbieta Żaloudik, Krzysztof Bruliński, Anna Różańska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is considered to be a priority in infection control. The objective of this study is the analysis of results of active targeted surveillance conducted over a two-year period in the Department of Thoracic Surgery at the Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery Center in Bystra, in southern Poland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis was carried out on the basis of results of active monitoring of SSI in the 45-bed Department of Thoracic Surgery at the Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery Center in Bystra between April 1, 2014 and April 30, 2016...
August 29, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850295/fungal-infections-increase-the-mortality-rate-three-fold-in-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections
#7
Christopher B Horn, Brendan M Wesp, Nicholas B Fiore, Rohit K Rasane, Marlon Torres, Isaiah R Turnbull, Obeid N Ilahi, Laurie J Punch, Grant V Bochicchio
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) result in significant morbidity and mortality rates, with as many as 76% of patients dying during their index admission. Published data suggest NSTIs rarely involve fungal infections in immunocompetent patients. However, because of the recent recognition of fungal infections in our population, we hypothesized that such infections frequently complicate NSTIs and are associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: A prospectively maintained Acute and Critical Care Surgery (ACCS) database spanning 2008-2015 and including more than 7,000 patients was queried for patients with NSTIs...
August 29, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846501/rapid-source-control-laparotomy-is-there-a-mortality-benefit
#8
James Vogler, Laura Bagwell, Leslie Hart, Sharon Holmes, Jason Sciaretta, John Mihran Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence rapid source-control laparotomy (RSCL) has on the mortality rate in non-trauma patients with intra-abdominal infection. The hypothesis was that RSCL reduces deaths and hospital lengths of stay (LOS) in patients compared with definitive repair and primary fascial closure (PFC). METHODS: The International Classification of Diseases-10 codes for sepsis, gastric and duodenal ulcer perforation or hemorrhage, incisional or ventral hernia with obstruction, intestinal volvulus, ileus with obstruction, diverticulitis with perforation or abscess, vascular disorder of intestine, non-traumatic intestinal perforation, peritoneal abscess, and unspecified peritonitis were used to query the 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for all patients treated with either RSCL or PFC...
August 28, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832246/decreasing-surgical-site-infections-after-ventral-hernia-repair-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#9
Deepa V Cherla, Julie L Holihan, Juan R Flores-Gonzalez, Debbie F Lew, Richard J Escamilla, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) remain prevalent after ventral hernia repair (VHR). In 2013-2014, a safety-net academic hospital initiated a two-pronged quality-improvement (QI) project: (1) Development and implementation of evidence-based guidelines; and (2) creation of a specialized hernia clinic to manage challenging patients and complex ventral hernias. Our objective was to decrease SSI rates after elective VHR. METHODS: The primary outcome was SSI 30 days post-operatively, which was assessed in aggregate and with a stratified analysis based on case complexity using the χ(2) test...
August 23, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792850/literature-review-of-criteria-for-defining-recipient-site-infection-after-oral-oncologic-surgery-with-simultaneous-reconstruction
#10
Masaya Akashi, Junya Kusumoto, Akiko Sakakibara, Kazunobu Hashikawa, Shungo Furudoi, Takahide Komori
BACKGROUND: The lack of uniformity of criteria for defining recipient-site infection after oral oncologic surgery with simultaneous reconstruction is problematic despite numerous studies on this issue. This study aimed to investigate the difference in the criteria for defining recipient-site infection after oral oncologic surgery with reconstruction. METHODS: A Medline search was performed via PUBMED using the following combinations of key terms that were tagged in the title, abstract, or both: "surgical site infection-head neck," "surgical site infection-oral cancer," "antibiotic prophylaxis-head neck," and "surgical site infection-oral carcinoma...
August 9, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771110/temporary-intra-operative-portocaval-shunts-post-operative-infections-and-mid-term-survival-after-cava-sparing-liver-transplantation
#11
Maximilian Weniger, Joachim Andrassy, Thomas Weig, Beatrice Grabein, Alexander Crispin, Markus Rentsch, Christian Siebers, Alexandr Bazhin, Jan G D'Haese, Werner Hartwig, Jens Werner, Markus Guba, Eugen Faist, Sebastian Pratschke, Martin K Angele
BACKGROUND: Temporary intra-operative portocaval shunts (TPCS) are believed to improve outcomes after cava-sparing liver transplantation. We hypothesize that decompression of the portal venous system via a TPCS reduces gut congestion, thereby decreasing bacterial translocation. Thus, we sought to clarify whether transplantation with a TPCS alters rates of post-operative infections and survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing liver transplantation (n = 189) were stratified by usage of a TPCS and the type of intra-operative antibiotic prophylaxis...
August 3, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731836/mortality-rate-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-complicated-diverticulitis-report-of-272-consecutive-patients-worldwide-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Federico Coccolini, Mattia Trevisan, Giulia Montori, Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, Marco Ceresoli, Antonio Costanzo, Arianna Heyer, Luca Ansaloni
BACKGROUND: Complicated diverticulitis (CD) is a common problem for surgeons. In treating it, as a general principle, every verified source of infection should be controlled. Supplementary antimicrobial management involves a delicate balance of optimizing empirical therapy while reducing unnecessary antibiotic use. The necessity to know the most frequent infecting pathogens and their spectra of resistance is becoming pivotal. The aim of this study was to determine the microbiologic profile of complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) secondary to CD, to analyze the role of empirical antimicrobial therapy, and to describe the clinical aspects of CD worldwide...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832272/response-to-arenal-et-al-commentary-on-surgical-site-infection-research-opportunities
#13
Kamal M F Itani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832271/prolonged-operative-duration-increases-risk-of-surgical-site-infections-a-systematic-review
#14
Hang Cheng, Brian Po-Han Chen, Ireena M Soleas, Nicole C Ferko, Chris G Cameron, Piet Hinoul
BACKGROUND: The incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) across surgical procedures, specialties, and conditions is reported to vary from 0.1% to 50%. Operative duration is often cited as an independent and potentially modifiable risk factor for SSI. The objective of this systematic review was to provide an in-depth understanding of the relation between operating time and SSI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This review included 81 prospective and retrospective studies...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832270/evaluation-of-a-short-course-of-antimicrobial-therapy-for-complicated-intra-abdominal-infections-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients
#15
Susan E Smith, Kelli A Rumbaugh, Addison K May
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antimicrobial therapy for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) in critically ill surgical patients is unknown. Recent evidence suggests that a short (four-day) course of therapy may be effective, however data in severely critically ill patients are limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center, retrospective, cohort study was conducted at a tertiary academic medical center. Adult patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) with cIAI between December 2011 and July 2015 were enrolled...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832269/commentary-on-surgical-site-infection-research-opportunities
#16
Juan J Arenal, John H Herrera, Claudia Tinoco, José M Eiros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759335/tubercular-abdominal-cocoon-systematic-review-of-an-uncommon-form-of-tuberculosis
#17
Vishal Sharma, Harjeet Singh, Harshal S Mandavdhare
BACKGROUND: Abdominal cocoon formation is an uncommon manifestation of abdominal tuberculosis that is characterized by the formation of a fibrous membrane-like sac around the small intestinal loops. Appropriate treatment and outcomes are uncertain Objectives: To review the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes for tubercular abdominal cocoon (TAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included studies published in the English language and listed in EMBASE or PubMed...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759327/factors-of-pelvic-infection-and-death-in-patients-with-open-pelvic-fractures-and-rectal-injuries
#18
Wenhao Song, Dongsheng Zhou, Weicheng Xu, Guoming Zhang, Chunhui Wang, Daodi Qiu, Jinlei Dong
BACKGROUND: Open pelvic fractures associated with rectal injuries are uncommon. They often cause serious pelvic infection, even death. This combination of injuries has been reviewed infrequently. Herein, we report factors associated with pelvic infection and death in a group of patients with open pelvic fractures and concurrent rectal injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with open pelvic fractures and rectal injuries who were treated at our institution from January 2010-April 2014...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686144/synovial-fluid-%C3%AE-defensin-as-a-biomarker-for-peri-prosthetic-joint-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Bin Li, Fei Chen, Yi Liu, Guokang Xu
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been one of the most beneficial interventions for treating patients suffering from joint disorders. However, peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication that often accompanies TJA and the diagnosis of PJI is remains difficult. Questions remain regarding whether certain biomarkers can be valuable in the diagnosis of PJI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted our systematic review by searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and Science Direct with the key words "periprosthetic joint infection," "synovial fluid," and "α-defensin...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654355/a-prognostic-scoring-tool-for-cesarean-organ-space-surgical-site-infections-derivation-and-internal-validation
#20
Srisuda Assawapalanggool, Nongyao Kasatpibal, Supatra Sirichotiyakul, Rajin Arora, Watcharin Suntornlimsiri
BACKGROUND: Organ/space surgical site infections (SSIs) are serious complications after cesarean delivery. However, no scoring tool to predict these complications has yet been developed. This study sought to develop and validate a prognostic scoring tool for cesarean organ/space SSIs. METHODS: Data for case and non-case of cesarean organ/space SSI between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2012 from a tertiary care hospital in Thailand were analyzed. Stepwise multivariable logistic regression was used to select the best predictor combination and their coefficients were transformed to a risk scoring tool...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
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