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Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890295/exotic-animal-oncology
#1
EDITORIAL
David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890294/oncology-of-reptiles-diseases-diagnosis-and-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Jane Christman, Michael Devau, Heather Wilson-Robles, Sharman Hoppes, Raquel Rech, Karen E Russell, J Jill Heatley
Based on necropsy review, neoplasia in reptiles has a comparable frequency to that of mammals and birds. Reptile neoplasia is now more frequently diagnosed in clinical practice based on increased use of advanced diagnostic techniques and improvements in reptilian husbandry allowing greater longevity of these species. This article reviews the current literature on neoplasia in reptiles, and focuses on advanced diagnostics and therapeutic options for reptilian patientssuffering neoplastic disease. Although most applied clinical reptile oncology is translated from dog and cat oncology, considerations specific to reptilian patients commonly encountered in clinical practice (turtles, tortoises, snakes, and lizards) are presented...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890293/avian-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#3
REVIEW
Cecilia S Robat, Melanie Ammersbach, Christoph Mans
Companion birds are increasingly living longer due to improved husbandry, nutrition, and veterinary care. As a consequence, a growing number of geriatric disease conditions are diagnosed and managed by veterinarians. Awareness of bird owners of diagnostic and treatment options for neoplastic diseases in humans and domestic animals has led to increasing demand to provide advanced diagnostic and treatment modalities for companion birds diagnosed with neoplasia. Treatment remains challenging in many companion birds due to the lack of information regarding prognosis and efficacy of antineoplastic treatments in these species...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890292/principles-and-applications-of-radiation-therapy-in-exotic-animals
#4
REVIEW
Michael S Kent
Radiation therapy is a treatment modality for cancer that is widely used in veterinary medicine, although its use in exotic animal practice has remained limited. However, there are case reports and case series of treating birds, small mammals, and reptiles for a variety of cancers with radiotherapy with varied outcomes. In this article the basic principles of radiation therapy are reviewed and the literature regarding its use in exotic animal practice is summarized. Side effects of radiotherapy are also discussed...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890291/principles-and-applications-of-surgical-oncology-in-exotic-animals
#5
REVIEW
Michele A Steffey
The diagnosis and treatment of cancer in exotic species is a rapidly evolving area of veterinary medicine. In general, surgical excision remains pivotal in cancer treatment, although optimal outcomes are achieved when a coherent and thorough diagnostic and therapeutic plan is created prior to surgery. While surgical cure is not always achieveable, multimodal treatment plans can offer a variety of options, and palliative procedures may be used to improve quality of life. Treatment goals, whether curative intent or palliative intent, should be identified before surgery, and practitioners should endeavor to adhere to surgical principles in order to attain the best outcomes...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890290/fish-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#6
REVIEW
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Marie-Eve Nadeau, Joseph M Groff
The scientific literature contains a wealth of information concerning spontaneous fish neoplasms, although ornamental fish oncology is still in its infancy. The occurrence of fish neoplasms has often been associated with oncogenic viruses and environmental insults, making them useful markers for environmental contaminants. The use of fish, including zebrafish, as models of human carcinogenesis has been developed and knowledge gained from these models may also be applied to ornamental fish, although more studies are required...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890289/principles-and-applications-of-medical-oncology-in-exotic-animals
#7
REVIEW
Tara Myers Harrison, Barbara E Kitchell
Diagnoses of neoplasia in exotic animals have historically been made at death or just before euthanasia. Routine physical examinations are enabling early diagnosis while accessibility and affordability of advanced diagnostics are improving. With increasing expectations for care, treatment options are more frequently explored. Numerous oncologic medications have been adopted from human and small animal medicine and successfully used in exotic animals. Although there is a need for extended research, this article evaluates which medications have been used thus far for treatment protocols in zoologic and exotic animal species...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890288/ferret-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#8
REVIEW
Nico J Schoemaker
Neoplastic disease is common in ferrets. Approximately half of all tumors diagnosed in ferrets are located in the endocrine or hemolymphatic system. Many factors may influence the choice of treatment. Medical management of adrenal tumors has a greater disease-free period compared to adrenalectomy. In ferrets with an insulinoma, no difference is seen in the mean survival time of medically and surgically treated patients. Aside from medical and surgical treatment modalities, chemotherapy and radiation therapy have also been described in ferrets in other types of tumors...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890287/rabbit-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#9
REVIEW
Yvonne van Zeeland
Neoplasia has long been reported as a rare finding in rabbits, but over the past decades the number of reports on neoplastic disease in rabbits has risen considerably. Similar to other animals, neoplastic changes may occur in any organ system, but the rate in which the organ systems are affected differs considerably. In rabbits, tumors have predominantly been found in the urogenital, hemolymphatic, and integumentary systems. This article discusses current insights on the etiopathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, and treatment of the commonest neoplastic diseases in rabbits and offer guidelines for the correct diagnosis and treatment of the rabbit oncologic patient...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890286/rodent-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#10
REVIEW
Samuel E Hocker, David Eshar, Raelene M Wouda
Cancer incidence in rodent species varies dramatically from a common occurrence in mice and rats to just a limited number of documented cases in chinchillas and degus. This article summarizes common tumors, both benign and malignant, that have been reported to occur in rodents. Outlined are clinical signs, diagnostics, and treatments that have been described for rodents presenting with specific neoplasms.
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890285/invertebrate-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Alisa L Newton, Gregory A Lewbart
Neoplasia is a documented occurrence across invertebrate taxa, but challenges remain with regard to tumor diagnosis and treatment. Literature reports of neoplasia are frequent in mollusks and insects, infrequent in Cnidaria and crustaceans, and are yet to be documented in Porifera and echinoderms. A significant contribution could be made by veterinary practitioners documenting and treating neoplasms in invertebrates. Traditional methods of veterinary diagnosis are encouraged, but the anatomy and tissue biology of each invertebrate species need to be considered...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497213/new-perspectives-on-dentistry-and-oral-disorders-of-exotic-companion-animals
#12
EDITORIAL
Vittorio Capello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497212/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-miscellaneous-exotic-companion-mammals
#13
REVIEW
Angela M Lennox, Yasutsugu Miwa
Unusual mammalian species such as the hedgehog, sugar glider, and miniature pig are encountered with increasing frequency in exotic companion medicine. Disease of the oral cavity can occur in any species; although occasionally encountered in exotic mammalian species, it is rarely described in the literature. Anatomy and dentition vary significantly; diagnosis and treatment are often extrapolated from that known in other species. The best-documented disease of the oral cavity in this group of species is oral neoplasia in the hedgehog...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497211/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-ferrets-and-other-exotic-companion-carnivores
#14
REVIEW
Cathy A Johnson-Delaney
Exotic companion carnivores such as ferrets, skunks, fennec foxes, coatimundis, raccoons, and kinkajous presented in clinical practice share similar dental anatomy, function, and diseases. The domestic ferret serves as the representative species for this group with its anatomy, diseases, and conditions described in detail. Dog and cat guidelines for veterinary and home care seem to be relevant and applicable, including dental endodontic procedures. Annual or biannual dental examinations and prophylaxis are recommended...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497210/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-rat-like-and-squirrel-like-rodents
#15
REVIEW
Elisabetta Mancinelli, Vittorio Capello
The order Rodentia comprises more than 2000 species divided into 3 groups based on anatomic and functional differences of the masseter muscle. Myomorph and sciuromorph species have elodont incisors and anelodont cheek teeth, unlike hystrichomorph species which have full anelodont dentition. Diseases of incisors and cheek teeth of rat-like and squirrel-like rodents result in a wide variety of symptoms and clinical signs. Appropriate diagnostic testing and imaging techniques are required to obtain a definitive diagnosis, formulate a prognosis, and develop a treatment plan...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497209/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-chinchillas-and-degus
#16
REVIEW
Christoph Mans, Vladimir Jekl
Dental disease is among the most common causes for chinchillas and degus to present to veterinarians. Most animals with dental disease present with weight loss, reduced food intake/anorexia, and drooling. Degus commonly present with dyspnea. Dental disease has been primarily referred to as elongation and malocclusion of the cheek teeth. Periodontal disease, caries, and tooth resorption are common diseases in chinchillas, but are missed frequently during routine intraoral examination, even performed under general anesthesia...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497208/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-guinea-pigs
#17
REVIEW
Loic Legendre
Acquired dental disease represents the most common oral disorder of guinea pigs. Most patients are presented with nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms, such as weight loss, reduced food intake, difficulty chewing and/or swallowing. The physical examination must be followed by standard radiography and/or computed tomography, and thorough inspection under general anesthesia. Several complications may follow, including periodontal disease, subluxation of the temporomandibular joint, periapical infection, and abscessation...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497207/surgical-treatment-of-facial-abscesses-and-facial-surgery-in-pet-rabbits
#18
REVIEW
Vittorio Capello
Odontogenic facial abscesses associated with periapical infections and osteomyelitis of the jaw represent an important part of the acquired and progressive dental disease syndrome in pet rabbits. Complications such as retromasseteric and retrobulbar abscesses, extensive osteomyelitis of the mandible, and empyemas of the skull are possible sequelae. Standard and advanced diagnostic imaging should be pursued to make a detailed and proper diagnosis, and plan the most effective surgical treatment. This article reviews the surgical anatomy, the pathophysiology, and the classification of abscesses and empyemas of the mandible, the maxilla, and the skull...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497206/intraoral-treatment-of-dental-disease-in-pet-rabbits
#19
REVIEW
Vittorio Capello
The intraoral treatment of dental disease in pet rabbits follows a complete clinical examination, intraoral inspection under general anesthesia, and diagnostic imaging. It also implies thorough knowledge of dental disease in this species. The most common intraoral procedures are extraction of incisor teeth, coronal reduction, and extraction of cheek teeth. These dental procedures require specific instruments and equipment. They should be performed in conjunction with supportive and medical treatment followed by appropriate nutrition...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497205/diagnostic-imaging-of-dental-disease-in-pet-rabbits-and-rodents
#20
REVIEW
Vittorio Capello
Diagnostic imaging techniques are of paramount importance for dentistry and oral disorders of rabbits, rodents, and other exotic companion mammals. Aside from standard radiography, stomatoscopy is a complementary tool allowing a thorough and detailed inspection of the oral cavity. Computed tomography (CT) generates multiple 2-dimensional views and 3-dimensional reconstructions providing superior diagnostic accuracy also useful for prognosis and treatment of advanced dental disease and its related complications...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
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