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Growth Hormone & IGF Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217318/ghrh-plus-arginine-and-arginine-administration-evokes-the-same-ratio-of-gh-isoforms-levels-in-young-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#1
Antonello E Rigamonti, Antonino Crinò, Sarah Bocchini, Alessio Convertino, Martin Bidlingmaier, Michael Haenelt, Sofia Tamini, Silvano G Cella, Graziano Grugni, Alessandro Sartorio
Human GH is present in pituitary and circulation as several isoforms, the prevalent being 22kDa- and 20kDa-GH. Recently, we have demonstrated the preservation of a normal balance in GH isoforms after GH releasing hormone (GHRH) plus arginine (ARG) administration in adult patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), one of the most common causes of syndromic obesity, often associated with GH deficiency (GHD). Aim of the present study was to measure circulating levels of 22kDa- and 20kDa-GH in young PWS patients (n=24; F/M: 10/14; genotype UPD/DEL/met+: 11/11/2; age: 10...
November 27, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208357/differential-expression-of-igfbps-in-laron-syndrome-derived-lymphoblastoid-cell-lines-potential-correlation-with-reduced-cancer-incidence
#2
Lina Somri, Rive Sarfstein, Lena Lapkina-Gendler, Karthik Nagaraj, Zvi Laron, Leon A Bach, Haim Werner
Laron syndrome (LS), or primary growth hormone (GH) insensitivity, is a growth disorder that results from mutation of the GH-receptor (GHR) gene leading to congenital insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) deficiency. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that LS patients are protected from cancer development. Genome-wide profiling identified genes and signaling pathways that are differentially represented in LS patients, and that may contribute to cancer protection. The present study was aimed at evaluating the hypothesis that IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) are differentially expressed in LS, most probably as a result of low circulating levels of IGF-1...
November 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198419/disruption-of-the-gh-receptor-gene-in-adult-mice-and-in-insulin-sensitive-tissues
#3
Silvana Duran-Ortiz, Vanessa Noboa, John J Kopchick
To elucidate whether a specific tissue is responsible for the beneficial health and longevity phenotype seen in growth hormone (GH) receptor (R) knockout (GHRKO) mice, the GHR gene was disrupted specifically in insulin sensitive tissues; namely, liver, adipose, and muscle. Furthermore, to investigate if the health- and life-span effects seen in the germline GHRKO mice were replicated when GH action was ablated after puberty; young, adult onset GHRKO mice were produced and characterized. In this review, we summarized the main findings derived from these mouse lines...
November 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157920/new-genetic-tools-in-the-diagnosis-of-growth-defects
#4
Andrew Dauber
Growth is a complex biological process governed by thousands of genes. Genetic defects in a wide array of genes can cause severe growth disorders. Genomic technologies including chromosomal microarrays and whole exome sequencing have revolutionized our ability to diagnose growth disorders. In this brief review, we will discuss each of these technologies and how they have been applied in the field of growth disorders.
November 13, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150385/igf-1r-mrna-expression-is-increased-in-obese-children
#5
Rafaela Cristina Ricco, Rubens Garcia Ricco, Mariangela Carletti Queluz, Mariana Teresa Sarti de Paula, Patricia Volpon Atique, Rodrigo José Custódio, Hugo Tourinho Filho, Raphael Del Roio Liberatori, Carlos Eduardo Martinelli
OBJECTIVES: Obese children are often taller than age-matched subjects. Reports on GH and IGF-I levels in obese individuals are controversial, with normal and reduced GH-IGF-I levels having been reported in this group of patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor (IGF-IR) mRNA expression in obese children. METHODS: Forty-seven pre-pubertal children were included in this study: 29 were obese and taller than their target height, and 18 were normal eutrophic controls...
November 11, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121520/effects-of-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-gene-targeted-ablation-on-ghrelin-induced-feeding
#6
Lucia Recinella, Sheila Leone, Claudio Ferrante, Annalisa Chiavaroli, Rugia Shohreh, Chiara Di Nisio, Michele Vacca, Giustino Orlando, Roberto Salvatori, Luigi Brunetti
Impairment of growth hormone (GH) signaling has been associated with increased feeding and adiposity. The gastric hormone ghrelin, in addition to its GH-secretagogue effects, stimulates food intake after both central and peripheral administration. In the present study we further investigated the feeding regulatory role of the ghrelin-GH axis in a mouse model of isolated GH deficiency due to targeted ablation of the GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) gene [GHRH knockout (GHRHKO)]. We evaluated the effects of intracerebroventricular ghrelin administration on feeding behavior, related hypothalamic neuropeptides and neurotransmitters, and serum ghrelin levels in mice homozygous for GHRHKO allele (-/-) and heterozygous (+/-) control animals...
November 6, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111497/effects-of-growth-hormone-on-uncoupling-protein-1-in-white-adipose-tissues-in-obese-mice
#7
Misa Hayashi, Kumi Futawaka, Rie Koyama, Yue Fan, Midori Matsushita, Asuka Hirao, Yuki Fukuda, Ayako Nushida, Syoko Nezu, Tetsuya Tagami, Kenji Moriyama
OBJECTIVE: The transition of white adipocytes to beige cells (a phenomenon referred to as browning or beigeing) during obesity has been previously reported. Our study aimed to examine the mechanisms through which obesity induced by a high fat diet (HFD) affects uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression via signal transduction and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5s). DESIGN: Seven-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were fed a normal or HFD for 11weeks. Body weight, white adipose tissue weight, and blood lipid and glucose levels were measured...
October 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107171/progression-from-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency-to-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency
#8
REVIEW
Manuela Cerbone, Mehul T Dattani
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) can present at any time of life from the neonatal period to adulthood, as a result of congenital or acquired insults. It can present as an isolated problem (IGHD) or in combination with other pituitary hormone deficiencies (CPHD). Pituitary deficits can evolve at any time from GHD diagnosis. The number, severity and timing of occurrence of additional endocrinopathies are highly variable. The risk of progression from IGHD to CPHD in children varies depending on the etiology (idiopathic vs organic)...
October 19, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073481/human-placental-growth-hormone-in-ectopic-pregnancy-detection-in-maternal-blood-immunohistochemistry-and-potential-clinical-implication
#9
Christoph Hübener, Martin Bidlingmaier, Zida Wu, Joachim Diebold, Christian J Strasburger, Sven Mahner, Uwe Hasbargen, Maria Delius
OBJECTIVE: To investigate human placental growth hormone (hGH-V) in ectopic pregnancy (EP): detection in maternal blood, correlation with immunohistochemistry and possible role as a marker for the course of EP. DESIGN: Women presenting in the outpatient or emergency department of a tertiary care university hospital with a positive pregnancy test and strong suspicion of EP by ultrasound and/or symptoms were eligible for the study (n=70). Tissue specimens from the surgically treated patients (n=50) were examined by histopathology as well as by a hGH-V specific immohistochemistry set-up...
October 14, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031906/suckling-induced-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf-1-release-in-mother-rats
#10
András H Lékó, Melinda Cservenák, Árpád Dobolyi
OBJECTIVE: Lactation involves significant neuroendocrine changes. The elevated prolactin (PRL) release from the pituitary, induced markedly by suckling, is the most relevant example. Suckling also causes a significant and rapid elevation in growth hormone (GH) levels. GH is necessary for milk synthesis as milk yield is stopped completely in the absence of PRL and GH, while the absence of PRL alone causes only a 50% reduction. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays an important role in the GH axis...
October 10, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031905/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-decreases-after-liver-fat-reduction-via-growth-hormone-augmentation
#11
Laurie R Braun, Meghan N Feldpausch, Natalia Czerwonka, Martin Torriani, Steven K Grinspoon, Takara L Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) ameliorates steatohepatitis but is increased in humans with fatty liver, potentially due to compensatory mechanisms and/or FGF21 resistance. Further, animal models suggest that GH increases serum FGF21. Tesamorelin, a growth hormone releasing hormone agonist, reduces liver fat in HIV-infected individuals. The objectives of this study were to investigate changes in FGF21 during tesamorelin treatment, to elucide the interplay between FGF21, GH augmentation, and liver fat reduction in humans...
October 7, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961552/two-types-of-rat-pituitary-somatotrophs-secrete-growth-hormone-with-different-biological-and-immunological-profiles
#12
Richard E Grindeland, William J Kraemer, Wesley C Hymer
OBJECTIVE: Two stable subpopulations of somatotrophs reside in the rat pituitary gland. We tested the hypothesis that one produced growth hormone (GH) with greater activity when tested in the tibial line bioassay (BGH) than the other, while differences in the activities between the two groups would be less dramatic when measured by immunoassay (IGH). DESIGN: A series of studies using hypophysectomized rats, hollow fibers, treatments and culture models were used to differentiate differences in Type I and Type II anterior pituitary somatotrophs in both function and production of immunoactive and bioactive growth hormone...
September 19, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107196/high-prevalence-of-the-igf2-rs680-gg-polymorphism-among-top-level-sprinters-and-jumpers
#13
Sigal Ben-Zaken, Yoav Meckel, Dan Nemet, Alon Eliakim
Previous studies have shown that the IGF1 polymorphism is associated with greater muscle mass and improved power athletic ability, but very little is known about the IGF2 polymorphism and athletic performance. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency distribution of the IGF2 rs680 polymorphism among Israeli athletes. METHODS: 185 short- (n=72) and long-distance (n=113) runners, 94 short- (n=44) and long-distance (n=50) swimmers, 54 weight lifters and 111 controls participated in the study...
December 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846862/the-impact-of-adjustments-to-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-biochemical-remission-in-surgically-treated-patients-with-acromegaly
#14
Konstantina Kousoula, Katerina Farmaki, Thomas Skoglund, Daniel S Olsson, Gudmundur Johannsson, Penelope Trimpou, Oskar Ragnarsson
BACKGROUND: The suggested criteria for biochemical remission in patients treated for acromegaly were recently modified. The aim of this project was to study to what extent this modification influences remission rates. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 55 consecutive patients [29 men; median age 47years (interquartile range 38-68)] diagnosed with acromegaly between 2003 and 2014. After treatment serum IGF-I and/or GH was measured according to a standardized protocol...
October 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961553/vitamin-d-increases-igf-i-and-insulin-levels-in-experimental-diabetic-rats
#15
H Derakhshanian, M H Javanbakht, M Zarei, E Djalali, M Djalali
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found that IGF-I may play an important role in glucose metabolism. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of vitamin D intake on the serum levels of glucose, insulin, and IGF-I in experimental diabetic rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 24 male Sprague-Dawley rats aged six to seven months, with an average weight of 300±30g, were randomly divided into three groups (eight rats per group). The first group served as control and the other two groups received an intraperitoneal injection of 45mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) to develop diabetes...
September 13, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915386/the-role-of-growth-hormone-receptor-in-%C3%AE-cell-function
#16
REVIEW
Shuang Wang, Jin Wu, Ning Wang, Li Zeng, Yingjie Wu
Growth hormone (GH) exerts numerous effects on tissues through binding to its receptor, GHR, which resides on cell membranes in many different organs and tissues. Endocrine pancreatic β cells are the only source of insulin secretion in response to metabolic demand, thereby regulating blood glucose and maintaining metabolic homeostasis. β cell dysfunction is the main composition of diabetes mellitus. Numerous studies have provided strong evidence that GHR signaling plays an independent role in β cell function...
September 8, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910730/pathogenic-and-likely-pathogenic-genetic-alterations-and-polymorphisms-in-growth-hormone-gene-gh1-and-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-receptor-gene-ghrhr-in-a-cohort-of-isolated-growth-hormone-deficient-ighd-children-in-sri-lanka
#17
Tharmini Sundralingam, Kamani Hemamala Tennekoon, Shamya de Silva, Sumadee De Silva, Asanka Sudeshini Hewage
OBJECTIVE: Genetic alterations in GH1 and GHRHR genes are known to cause isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD). Of these, GHRHR codon 72 mutation has been reported to be highly prevalent in the Indian subcontinent, but among Sri Lankans its prevalence was low compared to reports from neighboring countries. The present study was therefore carried out to identify genetic alterations in the GH1 gene and rest of the GHRHR gene in a cohort of Sri Lankan IGHD patients who tested negative for GHRHR codon 72 mutation...
September 5, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923784/assessment-of-quality-of-life-on-4-year-growth-hormone-therapy-in-japanese-patients-with-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-a-post-marketing-multicenter-observational-study
#18
Hitoshi Ishii, Akira Shimatsu, Hiromi Nishinaga, Osamu Murai, Kazuo Chihara
OBJECTIVE: Improvement of quality of life (QOL) by growth hormone (GH) therapy was not demonstrated in Japanese adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) patients by either the QOL Assessment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Adults or the Questions on Life Satisfaction-Hypopituitarism, which are widely used to evaluate QOL in Western AGHD patients. We therefore evaluated QOL in Japanese AGHD patients receiving recombinant GH, Norditropin® (Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark), using the newly developed Adult Hypopituitarism Questionnaire (AHQ)...
September 1, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934640/continuous-longitudinal-infusion-of-rhigf-1-rhigfbp-3-in-extremely-preterm-infants-evaluation-of-feasibility-in-a-phase-ii-study
#19
Ingrid Hansen-Pupp, Ann Hellström, Mohamed Hamdani, Adina Tocoian, Nerissa C Kreher, David Ley, Boubou Hallberg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of continuous longitudinal intravenous infusion of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1/recombinant human insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (rhIGF-1/rhIGFBP-3) for prevention of retinopathy of prematurity and other complications in extremely preterm infants (<28weeks' gestational age), based on initial sections of a phase II randomized controlled trial. DESIGN: The phase II trial was designed in four sections (A-D); we report pharmacokinetic and adverse events (AEs) data pooled for Sections B and C...
August 31, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822957/two-year-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-rhgh-treatment-is-more-effective-in-pre-pubertal-compared-to-pubertal-short-children-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemic-rickets-xlhr
#20
Anya Rothenbuhler, Laure Esterle, Iva Gueorguieva, Jean-Pierre Salles, Brigitte Mignot, Michel Colle, Agnes Linglart
CONTEXT: Twenty-five to 40% of patients with well-controlled X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLHR) have a final height under -2 SDS. Previous studies have shown that recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment improves linear growth in short children with XLHR. OBJECTIVE: We studied the effectiveness of rhGH treatment in children with XLHR in a larger cohort. DESIGN: Monocentric, prospective, non-randomized trial. SETTING: University hospital in France...
August 15, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
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