journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545939/relationship-between-climatic-factors-and-air-quality-with-tuberculosis-in-the-federal-district-brazil-2003-2012
#1
Fernanda Monteiro de Castro Fernandes, Eder de Souza Martins, Daniella Melo Arnaud Sampaio Pedrosa, Maria do Socorro Nantua Evangelista
INTRODUCTION: Despite the high rate of tuberculosis (TB) indicators in Brazil, the Federal District (FD) shows a low prevalence of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between climatic factors and air quality with tuberculosis in the Brazilian Federal District. METHODOLOGY: This was an ecological and descriptive study comparing 3927 new cases of TB registered at the Federal District Tuberculosis Control Program with data from the National Institute of Meteorology, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Brazilian Agricultural Research Institute, Brasilia Environmental Institute, and the Federal District Planning Company...
May 22, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539254/prevalence-of-primary-resistance-among-acutely-recently-hiv-infected-patients-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#2
Ana Cristina G Ferreira, Lara E Coelho, Eduarda Grinsztejn, Carlos S de Jesus, Monick L Guimarães, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Sandra W Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: The widespread use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) increased the transmission of antiretroviral resistant HIV strains. ART initiation during acute/recent HIV infection limits HIV reservoirs and improves immune response in HIV infected individuals. Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) may jeopardize the early goals of early ART among acute/recent HIV infected patients. METHODS: Patients with acute/recent HIV infection who underwent resistance test before ART initiation were included in this analysis...
May 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535397/quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-who-present-poor-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-salvador-brazil
#3
Mónica Narváez Betancur, Liliane Lins, Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Carlos Brites
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy marked a major gain in efficacy of HIV/AIDS treatment and a reduction in morbidity and mortality of the infected patients. However, high levels of adherence are required to obtain virologic suppression. In Brazil, the policy of free and universal access to antiretroviral therapy has been in place since 1996, although there are reports of poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, demographic and psychological characteristics, and quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS who present poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535396/molecular-identification-of-viral-agents-associated-with-acute-conjunctivitis-a-prospective-controlled-study
#4
Emine Akçay, Ahmet Çarhan, Gözde Hondur, Zeliha Koçak Tufan, Necati Demir, Selçuk Kılıç, Ezgi Naz Ensari, Nagihan Uğurlu, Nurullah Çağıl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531380/are-traditional-body-fat-equations-and-anthropometry-valid-to-estimate-body-fat-in-children-and-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#5
Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de Lima, Priscila Custódio Martins, Carlos Alencar Souza Alves Junior, João Antônio Chula de Castro, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Edio Luiz Petroski
The aim of this study was to assess the validity of traditional anthropometric equations and to develop predictive equations of total body and trunk fat for children and adolescents living with HIV based on anthropometric measurements. Forty-eight children and adolescents of both sexes (24 boys) aged 7-17 years, living in Santa Catarina, Brazil, participated in the study. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used as the reference method to evaluate total body and trunk fat. Height, body weight, circumferences and triceps, subscapular, abdominal and calf skinfolds were measured...
May 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528844/prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhea-and-associated-factors-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-brazil-a-multicenter-study
#6
Angelica E Miranda, Mariangela F Silveira, Ana Gabriela Travassos, Teresinha Tenório, Isabel Cristina Chulvis do Val, Leonor de Lannoy Tavares, Hortensio Simões de Mattos Junior, Newton Sergio de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) cause infections in the female genital tract, increasing susceptibility to and infectiousness of HIV. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of CT and GC infection among HIV-infected women in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted from March to December 2015, including HIV-infected women attending referral centers in nine states of Brazil, aged 18-49 years, nonpregnant...
May 18, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500864/identification-of-human-bocavirus-type-4-in-a-child-asymptomatic-for-respiratory-tract-infection-and-acute-gastroenteritis-goi%C3%A3-nia-goi%C3%A3-s-brazil
#7
Teresinha Teixeira de Sousa, Tâmera Nunes Vieira Almeida, Fabíola Souza Fiaccadori, Menira Souza, Kareem Rady Badr, Divina das Dôres de Paula Cardoso
Human Bocavirus (HBoV) has been identified from feces and respiratory samples from cases of both acute gastroenteritis and respiratory illness as well as in asymptomatic individuals. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize HBoV from fecal samples collected from hospitalized children aged less than five years old with no symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) or acute gastroenteritis (AGE). The study involved 119 children and one fecal sample was collected from each participant between 2014 and 2015...
May 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482184/distribution-of-hbv-subgenotypes-in-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-southeastern-brazil-a-region-with-history-of-intense-italian-immigration
#8
Silvana Gama Florencio Chachá, Michele Soares Gomes-Gouvêa, Fernanda de Mello Malta, Sandro da Costa Ferreira, Márcia Guimarães Villanova, Fernanda Fernandes Souza, Andreza Correa Teixeira, Afonso Dinis da Costa Passos, João Renato Rebello Pinho, Ana de Lourdes Candolo Martinelli
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is distributed worldwide, with geographical variations regarding prevalence of the different genotypes. The aim of this study was to determine the HBV genotypes and subgenotypes circulating in Southeast Brazil and compare the genetic sequences found with HBV sequences previously described in the world. Sequences from 166 chronic HBV carriers were analyzed using the fragment constituted by 1306 base pairs comprising surface and polymerase regions of the HBV genome. The sequences obtained were submitted to phylogenetic analysis...
May 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482183/community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-carrying-sccmec-type-iv-and-v-isolated-from-healthy-children-attending-public-daycares-in-northeastern-brazil
#9
Suzi P de Carvalho, Jéssica B de Almeida, Yasmin M F S Andrade, Lucas S C da Silva, Arianne C de Oliveira, Flávia S Nascimento, Guilherme B Campos, Márcio V Oliveira, Jorge Timenetsky, Lucas M Marques
Nasal colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have increasingly been reported in healthy communities. This study aimed to assess the rate of S. aureus in general and MRSA in particular from nasal secretion of children in daycare centers in Vitória da Conquista, Brazil. The isolates were identified based on morphology, biochemical tests and by PCR. Detection of virulence genes, biofilm production, and susceptibility test by disk diffusion agar were performed. MRSA isolates were characterized by spa, SCCmec, and multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
May 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482182/role-of-mal-gene-polymorphism-rs8177374-in-modulation-of-malaria-severity-in-the-pakistani-population
#10
Asima Rani, Syed Kashif Nawaz, Shazia Irfan, Muhammad Arshad, Razia Bashir, Najma Shaheen
INTRODUCTION: The present study was designed to investigate the association between rs8177374 polymorphism and malaria symptoms due to exposure of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 454 samples were included in the study (228 malaria patients and 226 healthy individuals). Malaria patients, divided into P. vivax and P. falciparum groups on the basis of the causative species of Plasmodium, were categorized into mild and severe on the basis of clinical outcomes according to WHO criteria...
May 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472614/serotype-changes-and-antimicrobial-nonsusceptibility-rates-of-invasive-and-non-invasive-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolates-after-implementation-of-10-valent-pneumococcal-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-protein-d-conjugate-vaccine-phid-cv-in-bulgaria
#11
Lena Setchanova, Marianna Murdjeva, Iglika Stancheva, Alexandra Alexandrova, Maria Sredkova, Temenuga Stoicheva, Magda Yoneva, Anna Kurchatova, Ivan Mitov
The 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) has been included in Bulgarian Childhood Immunization Program since 2010. This study aimed to assess serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of 198 invasive and non-invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae strains that had been isolated in Bulgaria during 2011-2016 from patients with invasive (IPD) and non-invasive (NIPD) pneumococcal diseases. The most common invasive serotypes were 3 (10.1%), 19F (4.0%), and 7F (3.0%). A significant decrease in the proportion of invasive vaccine types (VTs) from 64...
May 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435012/il-10-down-regulates-the-expression-of-survival-associated-gene-hspx-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-murine-macrophage
#12
Babban Jee, Pawan Sharma, Kiran Katoch, Beenu Joshi, Sudhir Kumar Awasthi
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) adopts a special survival strategy to overcome the killing mechanism(s) of host immune system. Amongst the many known factors, small heat shock protein 16.3 (sHSP16.3) of MTB encoded by gene hspX has been reported to be critical for the survival of MTB. In the present study, the effect of recombinant murine interferon-gamma (rmIFN-γ) and recombinant murine interleukin-10 (rmIL-10) on the expression of gene hspX of MTB in murine macrophage RAW264.7 has been investigated. By real-time RT-PCR, it was observed that three increasing concentrations (5, 25 and 50ng/ml) of rmIFN-γ significantly up-regulated the expression of hspX whereas similar concentrations of rmIL-10 (5, 25 and 50ng/ml) significantly down-regulated the hspX expression...
April 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435011/the-in-vitro-activity-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-against-417-gram-negative-bacilli-collected-in-2014-and-2015-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#13
LETTER
Flávia Rossi, Ana P Cury, Maria R G Franco, Raymond Testa, Wright W Nichols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432878/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-to-vancomycin-daptomycin-linezolid-and-tedizolid
#14
Johanna Marcela Vanegas Múnera, Ana María Ocampo Ríos, Daniela Montoya Urrego, Judy Natalia Jiménez Quiceno
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-positive infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus remains as a clinical challenge due to emergence of new resistance mechanisms. Tedizolid is a next-generation oxazolidinone, recently approved for skin and soft tissues infections. We conducted a study to determine in vitro susceptibility to vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, and tedizolid in MRSA clinical isolates from adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methicillin-resistant S...
April 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399426/hpv-related-external-genital-lesions-among-men-residing-in-brazil
#15
Roberto J C Silva, Staci L Sudenga, Laura Sichero, Maria Luiza Baggio, Lenice Galan, Ricardo Cintra, B Nelson Torres, Mark Stoler, Anna R Giuliano, Luisa L Villa
The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of external genital lesions (EGLs), specifically histologically confirmed condyloma (genital warts) and Penile Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PeIN), and genital HPV infection progression to EGLs among healthy men aged 18-73 residing in Brazil. Subjects included 1118 men enrolled in the HPV Infection in Men (HIM) study between July 2005 and June 2009. At each visit, EGLs were biopsied and subjected to pathological evaluation. HPV status in genital swabs and biopsies was determined by Linear Array and INNO-LiPA, respectively...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399425/direct-identification-from-positive-blood-broth-culture-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms
#16
Maria Goreth Barberino, Marcio de Oliveira Silva, Ana Carolina Palmeiras Arraes, Luís Cláudio Correia, Ana Verena Mendes
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are among the most concerning bacterial infections. They are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, and occur in 30-70% of critical care patients. The prompt identification of the causative microorganism can help choosing the appropriate antimicrobial therapy that will lead to better clinical outcomes. Blood culture is one of the most relevant tests for microbiological diagnosis of bacterial infections. The introduction of the MALDI-TOF microbiological diagnosis significantly decreased the time of identifying microorganisms...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399424/resistance-among-gram-negative-eskape-pathogens-isolated-from-hospitalized-patients-with-intra-abdominal-and-urinary-tract-infections-in-latin-american-countries-smart-2013-2015
#17
James A Karlowsky, Daryl J Hoban, Meredith A Hackel, Sibylle H Lob, Daniel F Sahm
Gram-negative ESKAPE pathogens (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species) are important etiologic agents of nosocomial infection that are frequently resistant to broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents. Gram-negative ESKAPE pathogens were collected from hospitalized patients in 11 Latin American countries from 2013 to 2015 as part of the Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART) global surveillance program. In total, 2113 isolates from intra-abdominal infections (IAI) and 970 isolates from urinary tract infections (UTI) were tested against antimicrobial agents using standardized CLSI broth microdilution methodology...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399423/bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-d-concentration-the-challenges-in-taking-care-of-children-and-adolescents-infected-with-hiv
#18
Fabiana Bononi Carmo, Maria Teresa Terreri, Regina Célia de Menezes Succi, Suenia Vasconcelos Beltrão, Aida de Fátima Tomé Barbosa Gouvea, Erica Regina Cruz Paulino, Daisy Maria Machado
BACKGROUND: The increase in life expectancy for patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has resulted in health complications related to a chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of bone mineral density (BMD) alterations and vitamin D concentrations in HIV-infected children and adolescents and to verify the variations in those parameters during a 12-month interval. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a dual period of evaluation was conducted in 57 patients perinatally HIV-infected and one patient with sexual abuse in early infancy...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363087/geolocalization-of-hiv-1-subtypes-and-resistance-mutations-of-patients-failing-antiretroviral-therapy-in-salvador-brazil
#19
Antonio Walter de Oliveira Filho, Carlos Brites
BACKGROUND: Geographical distribution of HIV variants is an important way to understand the circulation and spread of such viral strains. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the spatial distribution of HIV-1 variants in patients failing antiretroviral therapy, in Salvador, Brazil. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation of HIV resistance test reports of patients who underwent genotyping tests in a referral center in Salvador, Brazil, for the years 2008-2014...
April 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376315/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-novel-drug-elores-ceftriaxone-sulbactam-disodium-edetate-in-the-management-of-multi-drug-resistant-bacterial-infections-in-tertiary-care-centers-a-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#20
Manu Chaudhary, Mohd Amin Mir, Shiekh Gazalla Ayub
OBJECTIVE: In India, elores (CSE-1034: ceftriaxone+sulbactam+disodium edetate) was approved as a broad spectrum antibiotic in year 2011 and is used for management of ESBL/MBL infections in tertiary care centers. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of this drug in patients with ESBL/MBL infections and identify the incidence of adverse events in real clinical settings. METHODS: This PMS study was conducted at 17 centers across India and included 2500 patients of all age groups suffering from various bacterial infections and treated with CSE-1034...
April 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
journal
journal
33062
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"