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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462596/onabotulinumtoxin-type-a-improves-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-associated-overactive-bladder
#1
Jose Abraão Carneiro Neto, Silvane Braga Santos, Gloria Orge Orge, Davi Tanajura, Lucia Passos, Cassius José Oliveira, Rosana Andrade, Cláudio Galeno de Melo, Ubirajara Barroso, Edgar M Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of the onabotulinum toxin type A in the treatment of HTLV-1 associated overactive bladder and its impact on QoL. METHODS: Case series with 10 patients with overactive bladder refractory to conservative treatment with anticholinergic or physical therapy. They received 200Ui of onabotulinumtoxin type A intravesically and were evaluated by overactive bladder symptoms score (OABSS) and King's Health Questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean (SD) of the age was 52+14...
February 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432711/seroprevalence-of-human-cysticercosis-in-jata%C3%A3-goi%C3%A3-s-state-brazil
#2
Kaliny Xavier da Guarda, Julia Maria Costa Cruz, Ivanildes Solange da Costa Barcelos
The Taenia solium cysticercosis affects millions of people worldwide and is considered a public health problem, especially in developing countries. The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is complex and involves the analysis of epidemiological, clinical, neuroimaging, and immunological host data. NCC is endemic in Brazil, and is related to the cause of death mainly in the Southeast, South, and Central-West regions. The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of cysticercosis in inhabitants of the city of Jataí, Goiás, in the Central-West region of Brazil from April to August 2012...
February 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409692/bacteremia-due-to-moraxella-osloensis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Yuta Maruyama, Tomonari Shigemura, Koki Aoyama, Noriyuki Nagano, Yozo Nakazawa
Herein we report the case of a 10-year-old boy with an autosomal mosaic mutation who developed bacteremia. The causative agent was identified as Moraxella osloensis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. In the pediatric population, there have been 13 case reports of infection attributed to M. osloensis and this is the fifth reported case of pediatric bacteremia due to M. osloensis. After Moraxella species infection was confirmed, the patient recovered with appropriate antimicrobial therapy...
February 2, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362134/first-case-of-furuncular-myiasis-due-to-cordylobia-anthropophaga-in-a-latin-american-resident-returning-from-central-african-republic
#4
Jóse A Suárez, Argentina Ying, Luis A Orillac, Israel Cedeño, Néstor Sosa
Myiasis is a temporary infection of the skin or other organs with fly larvae.1 The larvae develop into boil-like lesions. Creeping sensations and pain are usually described by patients. Following the maturation of the larvae, spontaneous exiting and healing is experienced. Herein we present a case of a traveler returning from Central African Republic. She does not recall insect bites. She never took off her clothing for recreational bathing, nor did she visit any rural areas. The lesions appeared on unexposed skin...
January 20, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360429/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-clinical-characteristics-associated-with-corynebacterium-species-bacteremia
#5
Mitsuru Yanai, Maiko Ogasawasa, Yuta Hayashi, Kiyozumi Suzuki, Hiromichi Takahashi, Atsushi Satomura
OBJECTIVES: Corynebacterium spp. are becoming recognized as pathogens that potentially cause various infections. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics associated with Corynebacterium spp. bacteremia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adult patients who had positive blood cultures for Corynebacterium spp. in a single university hospital between January 2014 and December 2016. Patients were divided into a bacteremia group and a contamination group based on microbiological test results and clinical characteristics...
January 19, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353669/transmission-of-dengue-virus-from-deceased-donors-to-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Fernando Rosso, Juan C Pineda, Ana M Sanz, Jorge A Cedano, Luis A Caicedo
Dengue fever is a vector-transmitted viral infection. Non-vectorial forms of transmission can occur through organ transplantation. We reviewed medical records of donors and recipients with suspected dengue in the first post-transplant week. We used serologic and molecular analysis to confirm the infection. Herein, we describe four cases of dengue virus transmission through solid organ transplantation. The recipients had positive serology and RT-PCR. Infection in donors was detected through serology. All cases presented with fever within the first week after transplantation...
January 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352897/cost-utility-of-quadrivalent-versus-trivalent-influenza-vaccine-in-brazil-comparison-of-outcomes-from-different-static-model-types
#7
Laure-Anne Van Bellinghen, Alen Marijam, Gabriela Tannus Araujo, Jorge Gomez, Ilse Van Vlaenderen
BACKGROUND: Influenza burden in Brazil is considerable with 4.2-6.4 million cases in 2008 and influenza-like-illness responsible for 16.9% of hospitalizations. Cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination may be assessed by different types of models, with limitations due to data availability, assumptions, and modelling approach. OBJECTIVE: To understand the impact of model complexity, the cost-utility of quadrivalent versus trivalent influenza vaccines (QIV versus TIV) in Brazil was estimated using three distinct models: a 1-year decision tree population model with three age groups (FLOU); a more detailed 1-year population model with five age groups (FLORA); and a more complex lifetime multi-cohort Markov model with nine age groups (FLORENCE)...
January 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306654/humoral-immune-response-to-measles-and-varicella-vaccination-in-former-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#8
Carolina Schlindwein Mariano Ferreira, Maria Cristina Abrão Aued Perin, Maria Isabel de Moraes-Pinto, Raquel Maria Simão-Gurge, Ana Lucia Goulart, Lily Yin Weckx, Amélia Miyashiro Nunes Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Immune response to vaccination in infants born prematurely may be lower than in infants born at full-term. Some clinical factors might be associated with humoral immune response. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare the immune response to measles and varicella vaccination in infants born prematurely with those born at full-term and to analyze factors associated with measles and varicella antibody levels. METHODS: Prospective study including two groups of infants aged 12 months...
January 4, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305828/zoonotic-spillover-and-emerging-viral-diseases-time-to-intensify-zoonoses-surveillance-in-brazil
#9
LETTER
Joel Henrique Ellwanger, José Artur Bogo Chies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207280/hybrid-capture-as-a-tool-for-cervical-lesions-screening-in-hiv-infected-women-insights-from-a-brazilian-cohort
#10
Emilia Moreira Jalil, Paula M Luz, Marcel Quintana, Ruth Khalili Friedman, Rosa M Domingues S Madeira, Angela Cristina Andrade, Janice Chicarino, Ronaldo Ismerio Moreira, Monica Derrico, José Eduardo Levi, Fabio Russomano, Valdilea Gonçalves Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer remains an important burden for HIV-infected women in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy. Recommendations for cervical screening in these women diverge and may include high-risk HPV (HRHPV) testing. We aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of a single HRHPV testing for cervical screening of HIV-infected women. METHODS: 723 HIV-infected women from a Brazilian prospective cohort were included between 1996 and 2012. Inclusion criteria were: normal cervical cytology at baseline and having a HRHPV-test at baseline...
December 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182906/effect-of-polymyxin-b-containing-regimens-on-renal-function-for-the-treatment-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriacea-mediastinitis
#11
Cely Saad Abboud, Gauri G Rao, Ercilia E Sousa, Alexandre P Zavascki, Carlos Kiffer
A retrospective cohort study, were evaluated: polymyxin B plus aminoglycosides or polymyxin B plus other antibiotics. Any degree of acute kidney injury occurred in 26 (86.6%) patients. The median time to acute kidney injury was 6.0 (95% CI 3-14) days in the polymyxin-aminoglycoside containing regimen group, against 27.0 (95% CI 6-42) days in the polymyxin with other antimicrobial combinations group (p=0.03). Polymyxin B with aminoglycosides group progressed faster to any degree of renal dysfunction.
November 25, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172033/in-vitro-antifungal-susceptibility-of-clinical-and-environmental-isolates-of-aspergillus-fumigatus-and-aspergillus-flavus-in-brazil
#12
Laura Bedin Denardi, Bianca Hoch Dalla-Lana, Francielli Pantella Kunz de Jesus, Cecília Bittencourt Severo, Janio Morais Santurio, Régis Adriel Zanette, Sydney Hartz Alves
The in vitro susceptibility of 105 clinical and environmental strains of Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus to antifungal drugs, such as amphotericin B, azoles, and echinocandins was evaluated by the broth microdilution method proposed by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST). Following the EUCAST-proposed breakpoints, 20% and 25% of the clinical and environmental isolates of A. fumigatus, respectively, were found to be resistant to itraconazole (Minimal Inhibitory Concentration, MIC>2...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172032/galactomannan-use-in-clinical-practice-providing-free-testing-is-not-the-answer
#13
Jeniffer S Dos Santos, Djuli M Hermes, Alessandro C Pasqualotto
INTRODUCTION: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a condition associated with a high mortality rate due to difficulties in performing an early diagnosis. In recent years, galactomannan (GM) detection has markedly improved the diagnosis of IA, but very little is known on how physicians deal with this test in clinical practice. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the indications for the use of serum GM in a large Brazilian hospital, between 2015 and 2016...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169012/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-an-intensive-care-unit-in-minas-gerais-brazil-over-a-six-year-period
#14
Thiago C Nascimento, Cláudio G Diniz, Vânia L Silva, Alessandra B Ferreira-Machado, Marina O Fajardo, Tamara Lopes R de Oliveira, Dennis de C Ferreira, Fernanda S Cavalcante, Kátia R Netto Dos Santos
To characterize methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from an intensive care unit of a tertiary-care teaching hospital, between 2005 and 2010. A total of 45 MRSA isolates were recovered from patients admitted to the ICU in the study period. Resistance rates higher than 80% were found for clindamycin (100%), erythromycin (100%), levofloxacin (100%), azithromycin (97.7%), rifampin (88.8%), and gentamycin (86.6%). The SCCmec typing revealed that the isolates harbored the types III (66.7%), II (17...
November 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144958/isolation-of-blandm-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-public-hospital-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#15
Maria Goreth Barberino, Silvia de Araujo Cruvinel, Célio Faria, Marco Aurélio Salvino, Márcio Oliveira
Carbapenemases have great importance in the global epidemiological scenario since infections with carbapenemase-producing bacteria are associated with high mortality, especially in hospitalized patients in intensive care units. This study describes two microorganisms producers of the New Delhi Metallo-b-lactamase (NDM), Klebsiella pneumoniae and Citrobacter freundii, from two patients admitted to a public hospital in Salvador, Bahia. These are the first clinical cases of NDM described in microorganisms in the north and northeast Brazil...
November 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144957/fluconazole-levels-in-serum-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-according-to-daily-dosage-in-patients-with-cryptococcosis-and-other-fungal-infections
#16
Letícia Aparecida Schiave, Erika Nascimento, Fernando Crivelenti Vilar, Tissiana Marques de Haes, Osvaldo Massaiti Takayanagui, Cristiane Masetto de Gaitani, Roberto Martinez
Fluconazole is extensively used for the treatment of candidiasis and cryptococcosis. Among other factors, successful treatment is related to appropriate fluconazole levels in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In the present study, fluconazole levels were determined in 15 patients, 14 of whom had AIDS and 13 had neurocryptococcosis. The only selection criterion was treatment with fluconazole, which was performed with a generic or similar form of the drug. Fluconazole level was determined by high performance liquid chromatography and the susceptibility profile of Cryptococcus spp...
November 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121486/is-it-time-for-brazil-to-prioritize-tb-preventive-therapy-for-all-people-living-with-hiv
#17
LETTER
Ethel L Maciel, Thiago N do Prado, Kleydson Bonfim Andrade, Jonathan E Golub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035701/does-sofa-predict-outcomes-better-than-sirs-in-brazilian-icu-patients-with-suspected-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Regis Goulart Rosa, Rafael Barberena Moraes, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Daniel Pretto Schunemann, Cassiano Teixeira
We compared the discriminatory capacity of the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) versus the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for predicting ICU mortality, need for and length of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay, and hospitalization in patients with suspected infection admitted to a mixed Brazilian ICU. We performed a retrospective analysis of a longitudinal ICU database from a tertiary hospital in Southern Brazil. Patients were categorized according to whether they met the criteria for sepsis according to SOFA (variation ≥2 points over the baseline clinical condition) and SIRS (SIRS score ≥2 points)...
November 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711455/recommendations-for-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-in-brazil
#19
REVIEW
Priscila R Oliveira, Vladimir C Carvalho, Sergio Cimerman, Ana Lucia Munhoz Lima
A panel of national experts was convened by the Brazilian Infectious Diseases Society in order to determine the recommendations for outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) in Brazil. The following aspects are covered in the document: organization of OPAT programs; patient evaluation and eligibility criteria, including clinical and sociocultural factors; diagnosis of eligibility; venous access and antimicrobial infusion devices; protocols for antimicrobial use and monitoring and cost-effectiveness...
November 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031042/humoral-and-cellular-immune-response-of-mice-challenged-with-yersinia-pestis-antigenic-preparations
#20
Elida A Leal, Josimar D Moreira, Fernanda F Nunes, Larissa R Souza, Janaina M Martins, Vicente P C Toledo, Alzira M P Almeida, Tania M P Guimarães
OBJECTIVES: The plague, which is an infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis, still threatens many populations in several countries. The worldwide increase in human plague cases and the potential use of the bacteria as a biological weapon reinforce the need to study the immunity that is induced by potential vaccine candidates. To determine the immunogenicity of antigenic preparations based on the F1 protein and the total extract from Y. pestis, we assessed the role of these antigens in inducing an immune response...
October 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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