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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343819/meropenem-induced-low-valproate-levels-in-a-cerebral-palsy-child
#1
LETTER
Lucas Miyake Okumura, Cinara Andreolio, Carla Di Giorgio, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho, Jefferson Pedro Piva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343818/comparative-performances-of-serologic-and-molecular-assays-for-detecting-htlv-1-and-htlv-2-in-patients-infected-with-hiv-1
#2
Karoline Rodrigues Campos, Maria Gisele Gonçalves, Nadia Aparecida Costa, Adele Caterino-de-Araujo
The present study evaluated several techniques currently available (commercial kits and in-house assays) for diagnosing human T lymphotropic viruses types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/-2) in two groups of patients enrolled at HIV/AIDS specialized care services in São Paulo: Group 1 (G1), n=1608, 1237 male/371 female, median age 44.3 years old, majority using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); G2, n=1383, 930 male/453 female, median age of 35.6 years old, majority HAART naïve. Enzyme immunoassays [(EIA) Murex and Gold ELISA] were employed for HTLV-1/-2 screening; Western blotting (WB), INNO-LIA (LIA), real-time PCR pol (qPCR), and nested-PCR-RFLP (tax) were used to confirm infection...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286017/tungiasis-in-a-colombian-patient
#3
Claudia J Díaz, Kevin Escandón-Vargas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286016/fluconazole-prophylaxis-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Juliana Ferreira da Silva Rios, Paulo Augusto Moreira Camargos, Luísa Petri Corrêa, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to review the use of antifungal prophylaxis with intravenous fluconazole in premature newborns and the occurrence of Invasive Candidiasis. METHODS: This is a systematic review with search at databases: PubMed, Capes Portal, Virtual Health Library (BVS - Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde)/Lilacs, Scopus and Cochrane. The keywords used were: "Antifungal", "Candida" "Fluconazole prophylaxis" and "Preterm infants". RESULTS: Invasive Candidiasis was evaluated in all the twelve items...
March 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284657/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-chinese-ethnic-women-in-southern-of-yunnan-china
#5
Zulqarnain Baloch, Nafeesa Yasmeen, Li Yuanyue, Ke Ma, Xiaomei Wu, Yang Shihua, Xia Xueshan
BACKGROUND: Dai is a major Chinese ethnic minority group residing in rural areas of the southern part of Yunnan. However, no data exist on the HPV prevalence and genotype distribution among Dai women. METHOD: A total of 793 participants (Dai=324, Han=251, other ethnic=218) were included in this study. PCR was performed to detect the HPV-positive samples, and genotyping was performed with an HPV Geno-Array. RESULT: The overall HPV prevalence was very low among Dai women compared to the others...
March 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284656/metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-middle-aged-women-on-antiretroviral-therapy-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#6
Lívia D Akl, Ana L R Valadares, Monica Jacques de Moraes, Aarão M Pinto-Neto, Bianca Lagrutta, Lúcia Costa-Paiva
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated factors in a group of HIV-infected middle-aged women. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 273 HIV-infected climacteric women of 40-60 years of age under care in two HIV outpatient reference centers in Brazil. Metabolic syndrome diagnosis was based on 2006 International Diabetes Federation criteria. Sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral factors were evaluated as well as HIV infection-related parameters...
March 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282509/effects-of-statins-on-the-development-of-sepsis-and-organ-dysfunction-in-hospitalized-older-patients-in-china
#7
Qifeng Gui, Yunmei Yang, Jiajia Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the protective role of statins on the development of sepsis and infection-related organ dysfunction and mortality in a hospitalized older Chinese population with bacterial infections. In this retrospective cohort study, 257 older patients with bacterial infection were divided into two groups: a statin group, those who had received statin therapy for ≥1 month before admission and continued receiving statin during hospitalization; and a non-statin group, those who had never received statin or used statin for <1 month prior to admission...
March 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282508/cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-patients-with-myelopathy-associated-with-htlv-1
#8
Fabio Luís Silva do Prado, Renata Prado de Fuccio Oliveira, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia
HAM/TSP (HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis) is a slowly progressive disease, characterized by a chronic spastic paraparesis. It is not known if the disease carries an independent risk for cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk profile related to HAM/TSP and compare it with the general population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, with a control group. HAM/TSP patients were evaluated using cardiovascular risk scores (ASCVD RISK, SCORE and Framingham) and inflammatory markers (ultrasensitive CRP and IL-6), and compared with a control group of healthy individuals...
March 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282507/heterogeneous-distribution-of-hcv-genotypes-and-growing-menace-of-mixed-hcv-infection-in-blood-recipients-in-khyber-pakhtunkhwa
#9
LETTER
Sobia Attaullah, Sanaullah Khan, Muhammad Zahid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274807/virulence-genes-and-genetic-relationship-of-l-monocytogenes-isolated-from-human-and-food-sources-in-brazil
#10
Rosana Macedo de Almeida, André Victor Barbosa, Rodrigo de Castro Lisbôa, André Felipe das Mercês Santos, Ernesto Hofer, Deyse Christina Vallim, Cristina Barroso Hofer
The herein presented assay provided a bacteriological and molecular characterization of 100 samples of L. monocytogenes isolated from human (43) and food (57) sources, from several regions of Brazil, and collected between 1975 and 2013. Antigenic characterization defined 49% of serotype 4b samples, followed by 28% of serotype 1/2b, 14% of serotype 1/2c, 8% of serotype 1/2a, and 1% of serotype 3b. Both type of samples from human and food origin express the same serotype distribution. Multiplex PCR analysis showed 13 strains of type 4b with the amplification profile 4b-VI (Variant I)...
March 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263711/asymptomatic-and-symptomatic-embolic-events-in-infective-endocarditis-associated-factors-and-clinical-impact
#11
Thaíssa S Monteiro, Marcelo G Correia, Wilma F Golebiovski, Giovanna Ianini F Barbosa, Clara Weksler, Cristiane C Lamas
BACKGROUND: Embolic complications of infective endocarditis (IE) are common. The impact of asymptomatic embolism is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of emboli due to IE and to identify events associated with embolism. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of an endocarditis database, prospectively implemented, with a post hoc study driven by analysis of data on embolic events. Data was obtained from the International Collaboration Endocarditis (ICE) case report forms and additional information on embolic events and imaging reports were obtained from the medical records...
March 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253476/virological-suppression-in-children-and-adolescents-is-not-influenced-by-genotyping-but-depends-on-optimal-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Juliana Costa de Abreu, Sara Nunes Vaz, Eduardo Martins Netto, Carlos Brites
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the virological outcomes in children and adolescents infected with HIV-1 in Salvador, Bahia according to genotyping results. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the rates of virological suppression of children and adolescents submitted to HIV-1 genotyping test from January/2008 to December/2012. The participants were followed in the two referral centers for pediatric AIDS care, in Salvador, Brazil. Resistance mutations, drug sensitivity profiles, and viral subtypes were analyzed using the Stanford HIV-1 Drug Resistance Database...
February 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249707/bartonella-species-pathogenic-for-humans-infect-pets-free-ranging-wild-mammals-and-their-ectoparasites-in-the-caatinga-biome-northeastern-brazil-a-serological-and-molecular-study
#13
Mariana Campos Fontalvo, Alexsandra Rodrigues de Mendonça Favacho, Andreina de Carvalho Araujo, Naylla Mayana Dos Santos, Glauber Meneses Barboza de Oliveira, Daniel Moura Aguiar, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos, Mauricio Claudio Horta
This study verified the occurrence of Bartonella spp. in dogs, cats, wild mammals and their ectoparasites in Petrolina and Lagoa Grande Counties, Pernambuco, located in a semi-arid region in Northeastern Brazil. Anti-Bartonella spp. antibodies were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) in 24.8% of dogs (27/109) and in 15% of cats (6/40). Bartonella sp. DNA was identified by PCR performed on DNA extracted from blood and ectoparasites using primers targeting Bartonella sp. gltA and ribC genes in 100% (9/9) of Pulex irritans from Cerdocyon thous, 57...
February 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238628/serological-survey-of-chikungunya-virus-in-ilorin-metropolis-nigeria
#14
LETTER
Olatunji Matthew Kolawole, Kizito Eneye Bello, Adetola Adebimpe Seriki, Ahmad Adebayo Irekeola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238627/a-systematic-review-of-east-african-indian-family-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-brazil
#15
Tonya Azevedo Duarte, Joilda Silva Nery, Neio Boechat, Susan Martins Pereira, Vera Simonsen, Martha Oliveira, Maria Gabriela Miranda Gomes, Carlos Penha-Gonçalves, Mauricio Lima Barreto, Theolis Barbosa
INTRODUCTION: The Mycobacterium tuberculosis East African-Indian (EAI) spoligotyping family (belonging to lineage 1, Indo-Oceanic, defined by the region of deletion RD239) is distributed worldwide, but is more prevalent in Southeast Asia, India, and East Africa. Studies in Latin America have rarely identified EAI. In this study, we describe the occurrence of the EAI family in Brazil. METHODS: EAI was identified in a systematic literature review of genetic diversity studies pertaining to M...
February 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238626/epidemiological-characteristics-of-seven-respiratory-viruses-among-pediatric-patients-with-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-from-2011-to-2015-in-dongguan-southern-china
#16
LETTER
Mingyu Xie, Qiang Ma, Xiuying Chen, Xiaomei Lu, Baimao Zhong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238625/aneurysm-and-dissection-in-a-patient-with-syphilitic-aortitis
#17
Fernando Pivatto Júnior, Bruno Schaaf Finkler, Felipe Soares Torres, Pedro Guilherme Schaefer, Eduardo Sprinz
In the antibiotic era, aortic aneurysm is a rare complication of syphilis, what makes the diagnostic assumption even more difficult. Nonetheless, this condition should be suspected in patients with aortic aneurysm. Reports of aortic dissection complicating syphilitic aortitis have been distinctly rare in the literature, and their cause-effect relationship has not been definitely established. In this case report, we present a 62-year-old woman with aortic aneurysm and dissection associated with an unexpected diagnosis of syphilitic aortitis...
February 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212988/first-case-of-infection-by-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-mato-grosso-do-sul-brazil
#18
LETTER
Kalinca Miranda Ferreira, Ana Claudia de Souza Rodrigues, Ana Carolina Watanabe, Yanara Miranda Ferreira, Marilene Rodrigues Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199824/protective-effect-of-metformin-against-tuberculosis-infections-in-diabetic-patients-an-observational-study-of-south-indian-tertiary-healthcare-facility
#19
Marupuru Srujitha, Senapati Padmanav, P Swathi, M Sonal Sekhar, M K Unnikrishnan, K Manu Mohan
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization estimated that people with diabetes (DM) are at 2-3 times the higher risk for tuberculosis (TB). Studies have shown that DM not only increases the risk of active TB but, also puts co-affected person at increased risk of poor outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To determine the protective effect of metformin against TB in DM patients and also, to investigate the relationship between poor glycemic control and TB. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted over 8 months, where cases and controls were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study...
February 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193455/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-prevention-bundle-that-contains-endotracheal-tube-with-subglottic-drainage-and-cuff-pressure-monitorization
#20
Ozlem Akdogan, Yasemin Ersoy, Ciğdem Kuzucu, Ender Gedik, Turkan Togal, Funda Yetkin
The effectiveness of prevention bundles on the occurrence and mortality of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) was evaluated in many studies. However, the effectiveness of endotracheal tube with subglottic secretion drainage (ETT-SD) and cuff pressure monitorization in VAP bundles have not been adequately assessed. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of VAP bundle containing ETT-SD and cuff pressure monitorization. This was a prospective, controlled study that was carried out between March 2011 and April 2012 including intubated patients...
February 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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