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Pharmaceutical Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317465/anti-cryptococcal-activity-of-ethanol-crude-extract-and-hexane-fraction-from-ocimum-basilicum-var-maria-bonita-mechanisms-of-action-and-synergism-with-amphotericin-b-and-ocimum-basilicum-essential-oil
#1
Nathalia N R Cardoso, Celuta S Alviano, Arie F Blank, Maria de Fátima Arrigoni-Blank, Maria Teresa V Romanos, Marcel M L Cunha, Antonio Jorge R da Silva, Daniela S Alviano
CONTEXT: Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) has been used in folk medicine to treat headaches, kidney disorders, and intestinal worms. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the anti-cryptococcal activity of ethanol crude extract and hexane fraction obtained from O. basilicum var. Maria Bonita leaves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MIC values for Cryptococcus sp. were obtained according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute in a range of 0.3-2500 μg/mL...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317417/hepatoprotective-effect-of-stachys-pilifera-ethanol-extract-in-carbon-tetrachloride-induce-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#2
Esmaeel Panahi Kokhdan, Kyomarth Ahmadi, Heibatollah Sadeghi, Hossein Sadeghi, Fahemeh Dadgary, Nazanin Danaei, Mahmoud Reza Aghamaali
CONTEXT: Stachys pilifera Benth (Lamiaceae) has long been used to treat infectious diseases, respiratory and rheumatoid disorders in Iranian folk medicine. Antitumor and antioxidant activity of the plant have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to assess the hepatoprotective activity of ethanol extract of Stachys pilifera in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were randomly divided into six equal groups (n = 7)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317412/bioactivity-guided-isolation-of-cytotoxic-terpenoids-and-steroids-from-premna-serratifolia
#3
Mahesh Biradi, Kirankumar Hullatti
CONTEXT: Despite several phytochemical studies of Premna serratifolia Linn. (Verbenaceae), the isolation of active constituents of this plant remains to be explored. OBJECTIVE: The study isolates cytotoxic terpenoids and steroids from the leaves of Premna serratifolia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Unsaponifiable matter of hexane soluble fraction obtained from methanol extract was subjected to isolation by column chromatography and preparative TLC...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303736/the-protective-effect-of-the-vacha-rhizome-extract-on-chronic-stress-induced-immunodeficiency-in-rat
#4
H N Sarjan, S Divyashree, H N Yajurvedi
CONTEXT: Chronic stress is an inevitable factor in the modern day society which affects cell mediated as well as humoral immunity. There is a need to prevent stress effects with traditionally used herbs. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to investigate the immunoprotective effect of Vacha (Acorus calamus L. Acoraceae) rhizome under stressful condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Soxlet extraction of Vacha rhizome was performed with increasing polarity of solvents, i...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301985/a-review-on-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-properties-of-litsea-coreana
#5
Xuejing Jia, Peng Li, Jianbo Wan, Chengwei He
CONTEXT: Litsea coreana H. Lév. (Lauraceae) is used as an ethnic herb or beverage in China. Substantial studies indicate that it contains a variety of compounds and shows diverse bioactivities with no toxicity. OBJECTIVE: This review analyzes and summarizes the ethnopharmacological applications, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities and molecular mechanisms of L. coreana. METHODS: Related literature (from 1998 to 2016) was obtained and compiled via searching databases including Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, CNKI and PubMed...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301958/unlocking-the-in-vitro-anti-inflammatory-and-antidiabetic-potential-of-polygonum-maritimum
#6
Maria João Rodrigues, Luísa Custódio, Andreia Lopes, Marta Oliveira, Nuno R Neng, José M F Nogueira, Alice Martins, Amélia P Rauter, João Varela, Luísa Barreira
CONTEXT: Several Polygonum species (Polygonaceae) are used in traditional medicine in Asia, Europe and Africa to treat inflammation and diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic potential of methanol and dichloromethane extracts of leaves and roots of the halophyte Polygonum maritimum L. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Antioxidant activity was determined (up to 1 mg/mL) as radical-scavenging activity (RSA) of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), copper (CCA) and iron (ICA) chelating activities and iron reducing power (FRAP)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298169/intensification-of-marrubiin-concentration-by-optimization-of-microwave-assisted-low-co2-yielding-extraction-process-for-marrubium-vulgare-using-central-composite-design-and-antioxidant-evaluation
#7
Vineet Mittal, Arun Nanda
CONTEXT: Marrubium vulgare Linn (Lamiaceae) was generally extracted by conventional methods with low yield of marrubiin; these processes were not considered environment friendly. OBJECTIVE: This study extracts the whole plant of M. vulgare by microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and optimizes the effect of various extraction parameters on the marrubiin yield by using Central Composite Design (CCD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The selected medicinal plant was extracted using ethanol: water (1:1) as solvent by MAE...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290212/spirodela-polyrhiza-extract-modulates-the-activation-of-atopic-dermatitis-related-ion-channels-orai1-and-trpv3-and-inhibits-mast-cell-degranulation
#8
Joo Hyun Nam, Hyo Won Jung, Young-Won Chin, Won-Mo Yang, Hyo Sang Bae, Woo Kyung Kim
CONTEXT: Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid. (Lemnaceae), Spirodelae Herba (SH), has been known to relieve inflammation, urticaria and skin symptoms including pruritus, eczema and rash. OBJECTIVE: The effects of SH extract on two calcium ion channels, Orai1 and TRPV3, and their potential as novel therapeutics for atopic dermatitis (AD) were investigated. The regulatory role of Orai1 on mast cell degranulation was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dried leaves of SH were extracted by 70% methanol...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283004/quantitative-analysis-of-rutin-quercetin-naringenin-and-gallic-acid-by-validated-rp-and-np-hptlc-methods-for-quality-control-of-anti-hbv-active-extract-of-guiera-senegalensis
#9
Perwez Alam, Mohammad K Parvez, Ahmed H Arbab, Mohammed S Al-Dosari
CONTEXT: Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel (Combretaceae) is a folk medicinal plant used in various metabolic and infectious diseases. In addition to its antiviral activities against herpes and fowlpox, the anti-HBV efficacy is very recently reported. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate simple, sensitive RP-/NP-HPTLC methods for quantitative determination of biomarkers rutin, quercetin, naringenin, and gallic acid in the anti-HBV active G. senegalensis leaves ethanol-extract...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279126/further-insight-into-the-bioactivity-of-the-freshwater-sponge-ochridaspongia-rotunda
#10
Aleksandra Talevska, Boris Pejin, Tanja Beric, Slavisa Stankovic
CONTEXT: Bioprospection has become a dynamic scientific field that explores novel possibilities for the implementation of natural products in medicine and pharmacy. Compared to marine species from all kingdoms, freshwater species have been highly neglected. OBJECTIVE: This work focuses on the screening of acetylcholinesterase inhibitory (AChE) and mutagenic activities of the acetone extract (obtained by maceration) of the freshwater sponge Ochridaspongia rotunda Arndt (Malawispongiidae) in vitro...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274189/intracerebroventricular-administration-of-the-1%C3%A2-6-%C3%AE-d-glucan-lasiodiplodan-in-male-rats-prevents-d-penicillamine-induced-behavioral-alterations-and-lipoperoxidation-in-the-cortex
#11
Carlos Ricardo Maneck Malfatti, Fabio Seidel Dos Santos, Jéssica Wouk, Luiz Augusto da Silva, Renan Garcia Michel, André Luiz Snak, Tiago Czervinski, Mário A Alves da Cunha, Aneli M Barbosa, Robert F H Dekker
CONTEXT: Lasiodiplodan, an exocellular (1→6)-β-d-glucan of molecular weight >1.4 × 10(6) Da produced by MMPI strain of Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Griffon & Maubl. (Brotyosphaeriaceae) is known to exhibit anti-proliferative activity on breast cancer cells (MCF-7), anticoagulant activity when sulfonylated, and reduction in transaminase activity when administered in rats. OBJECTIVE: The effect of intracerebroventricular (I.C.V) injection of lasiodiplodan on neurotoxicity and behavioural changes induced by d-penicillamine was investigated...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274170/protective-effects-of-cassia-tora-leaves-in-experimental-cataract-by-modulating-intracellular-communication-membrane-co-transporters-energy-metabolism-and-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathway
#12
V Sreelakshmi, Annie Abraham
CONTEXT: Cataract is the clouding of eye lens which causes impairment in vision and accounts for the leading factor of global blindness. Functional food-based prevention of cataract finds application in vision research because of its availability and easy access to all classes of the society. Cassia tora Linn. (Caesalpinaceae) is an edible plant mentioned in the traditional systems of medicine for whole body health, especially to the eyes. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluates the potential of ethyl acetate fraction of Cassia tora leaves (ECT) on experimental cataract...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274161/antioxidant-capacity-of-typha-angustifolia-extracts-and-two-active-flavonoids
#13
Peidong Chen, Yudan Cao, Beihua Bao, Li Zhang, Anwei Ding
CONTEXT: The pollen of Typha angustifolia L. (Typhaceae) has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for improving the microcirculation and promoting wound healing. Flavonoids are the main constituent in the plant, but little is known about the antioxidant activity of the principal constituent of the pollen in detail. OBJECTIVES: To assess the antioxidant activities of ethanol and water extracts and two constituents of the pollen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plant material (1 g) was extracted by 95% ethanol and water (10 mL × 2, 1 h each), respectively...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274159/effect-of-spirulina-platensis-ingestion-on-the-abnormal-biochemical-and-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-the-pancreas-and-liver-of-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#14
Ourida Aissaoui, Malek Amiali, Nora Bouzid, Khaled Belkacemi, Arezki Bitam
CONTEXT: Previous studies have shown that Spirulina platensis Gomont (Phormidiaceae) (SP) extract has beneficial effects on many disease conditions. The putative protective effects of SP were investigated in diabetic rats. OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates the antioxidant effects of SP in diabetic Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/kg body weight) was intraperitoneally administrated to induce diabetes...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274156/folic-acid-ameliorates-celecoxib-cardiotoxicity-in-a-doxorubicin-heart-failure-rat-model
#15
Shafique Ahmad, Bibhu Prasad Panda, Kanchan Kohli, Mohammad Fahim, Kiran Dubey
CONTEXT: The cardiotoxic effect of selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors is well known. While rofecoxib and valdecoxib have been withdrawn, celecoxib remains on the market. Folic acid, a naturally occurring vitamin, has been shown to reduce myocardial ischemia and post-reperfusion injury in rats. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the cardiac effects of celecoxib and folic acid on doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiomyopathy was induced in male Wistar rats with six intraperitoneal injections of 2...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264607/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-curcumin-are-associated-with-down-regulating-microrna-155-in-lps-treated-macrophages-and-mice
#16
Feiya Ma, Fei Liu, Liang Ding, Ming You, Huimin Yue, Yujie Zhou, Yayi Hou
CONTEXT: The natural polyphenolic compound curcumin has been proved to modulate innate immune responses and possess anti-inflammatory properties. Nevertheless, the mechanism remains poorly understood, particularly regarding curcumin-regulated miRNAs under inflammatory response. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the role of miRNA-155 in the effects of curcumin on inflammatory response in cell and a mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin (5, 10 and 15 μM, 2 h) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 200 ng/mL)-induced cells were measured by quantitative PCR...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262033/fatty-acid-composition-and-anticancer-activity-in-colon-carcinoma-cell-lines-of-prunus-dulcis-seed-oil
#17
Filiz Mericli, Eda Becer, Hilal Kabadayı, Azmi Hanoglu, Duygu Yigit Hanoglu, Dudu Ozkum Yavuz, Temel Ozek, Seda Vatansever
CONTEXT: Almond oil is used in traditional and complementary therapies for its numerous health benefits due to high unsaturated fatty acids content. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the composition and in vitro anticancer activity of almond oil from Northern Cyprus and compared with almond oil from Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Almond oil from Northern Cyprus was obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and analyzed by GC-MS. Almond oil of Turkey was provided from Turkish pharmacies...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262031/antifungal-and-antioxidant-activities-of-coleonema-album-and-c-pulchellum-against-skin-diseases
#18
Olufunke O Fajinmi, Jiří Grúz, Petr Tarkowski, Manoj G Kulkarni, Jeffrey F Finnie, Johannes Van Staden
CONTEXT: Coleonema album (Thunb) Bart. & H. L. Wendl (Rutaceae) has been used in the formulation of skincare products, and the Khoisan people rub it on their skin to add luster. Coleonema pulchellum I. Williams has received less attention in the South African traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the antifungal and antioxidant activities of C. album and C. pulchellum essential oil (EO) and leaf extracts; and analyzes the chemical components of their EOs...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260400/evaluation-of-genotoxic-effects-of-3-methyl-5-4-carboxycyclohexylmethyl-tetrahydro-2h-1-3-5-thiadiazine-2-thione-on-human-peripheral-lymphocytes
#19
Ece Avuloğlu-Yılmaz, Deniz Yüzbaşıoğlu, Azime Berna Özçelik, Seyhan Ersan, Fatma Ünal
CONTEXT: Tranexamic acid is commonly used for curing abnormal bleeding in a variety of diseases. In a previous study, 12 different tetrahydro-2H-1,3,5-thiadiazine derivatives were synthesized from the amine group of tranexamic acid. Their antifibrinolytic and antimicrobial activities were compared with tranexamic acid. 3-Methyl-5-(4-carboxycyclohexylmethyl)-tetrahydro-2H-1,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione (3-MTTT) was the most remarkable one, which may be used as a drug. OBJECTIVES: In vitro genotoxicity of 3-MTTT was investigated using chromosome aberrations (CAs), sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), micronucleus (MN) and comet assays...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260397/comparative-pharmacokinetics-of-chlorogenic-acid-in-beagles-after-oral-administrations-of-single-compound-the-extracts-of-lonicera-japanica-and-the-mixture-of-chlorogenic-acid-baicalin-and-forsythia-suspense
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rong Liu, Ke Lai, Yu Xiao, Jing Ren
CONTEXT: Chlorogenic acid (ChA) is the major compound in Shuang-Huang-Lian (SHL), which is mainly composed of ChA, baicalin, and Forsythia suspense Thunb Vahl. OBJECTIVE: The effects of co-existing compounds in SHL and Lonicera japanica Thunb on the absorption of ChA was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to 3 × 3 Latin-square test, ChA alone, the extracts of Lonicera japanica, or the mixture of ChA, baicalin and Forsythia suspense (ChA effective doses is 60 mg/kg) was separately given to six beagles for seven days...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
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