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Pharmaceutical Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322864/effects-of-danshen-tablets-on-pharmacokinetics-of-atorvastatin-calcium-in-rats-and-its-potential-mechanism
#1
Sen Sun, Rong Wang, Jie Fan, Guoqing Zhang, Hai Zhang
CONTEXT: Danshen tablets (DST), an effective traditional Chinese multi-herbal formula, are often combined with atorvastatin calcium (AC) for treating coronary heart disease in the clinic. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of DST on the pharmacokinetics of AC and the potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacokinetics of AC (1 mg/kg) with or without pretreatment of DST (100 mg/kg) were investigated using LC-MS/MS...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316840/protective-effect-of-motiliperm-in-varicocele-induced-oxidative-injury-in-rat-testis-by-activating-phosphorylated-inositol-requiring-kinase-1%C3%AE-p-ire1%C3%AE-and-phosphorylated-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-p-jnk-pathways
#2
Kiran Kumar Soni, Li Tao Zhang, Bo Ram Choi, Keshab Kumar Karna, Jae Hyung You, Yu Seob Shin, Sung Won Lee, Chul Young Kim, Chen Zhao, Han-Jung Chae, Hye Kyung Kim, Jong Kwan Park
CONTEXT: MOTILIPERM was prepared as a mixture of extracts of three medicinal herbs [roots of Morinda officinalis How (Rubiaceae), outer scales of Allium cepa L. (Liliaceae) and seeds of Cuscuta chinensis Lamark (Convolvulaceae)]. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-based endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in a rat model of varicocele and the therapeutic efficacy of MOTILIPERM in this model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male rats were divided into five experimental groups: a normal control group (CTR + vehicle), a control group administered MOTILIPERM 200 mg/kg (CTR + M 200), a varicocele-induced control group (VC + vehicle) and two varicocele-induced groups administered MOTILIPERM 100 (VC + M 100) or 200 (VC + M 200) mg/kg for 4 weeks...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298537/pharmacological-effects-of-chatuphalatika-in-hyperuricemia-of-gout
#3
Vilasinee Hirunpanich Sato, Bunleu Sungthong, Prasob-Orn Rinthong, Narawat Nuamnaichati, Supachoke Mangmool, Savita Chewchida, Hitoshi Sato
CONTEXT: Chatuphalatika (CTPT), is a Thai herbal formulation mixture of Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (Euphorbiaceae), Terminalia belerica Linn. (Combretaceae), T. chebula and the fruit of T. arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. CTPT is considered to exert anti-inflammatory and antihyperuricemic effects, but there have been no reports to demonstrate these pharmacological effects in a quantitative manner. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antihyperuricemic effects of CTPT...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298528/s-nitrosoglutathione-formation-at-gastric-ph-is-augmented-by-ascorbic-acid-and-by-the-antioxidant-vitamin-complex-resiston
#4
Vitali I Stsiapura, Ilya Bederman, Ivan I Stepuro, Tatiana S Morozkina, Stephen J Lewis, Laura Smith, Benjamin Gaston, Nadzeya Marozkina
CONTEXT: Exogenous nitrogen oxides must be made bioavailable to sustain normal physiology because nitric oxide synthase (NOS) deficient mice are viable. In the stomach, S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) is formed from ingested nitrite and high levels of airway glutathione (GSH) that are cleared and swallowed. However, gastric GSNO may be broken down by nutrients like ascorbic acid (AA) before it is absorbed. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of AA on GSNO formation and stability...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295657/comparing-coagulation-activity-of-selaginella-tamariscina-before-and-after-stir-frying-process-and-determining-the-possible-active-constituents-based-on-compositional-variation
#5
Qian Zhang, Ya-Li Wang, Die Gao, Liang Cai, Yi-Yao Yang, Yuan-Jia Hu, Feng-Qing Yang, Hua Chen, Zhi-Ning Xia
CONTEXT: Selaginella tamariscina (P. Beauv.) Spring (Selaginellaceae) (ST) has been widely used in China as a medicine for improving blood circulation. However, its processed product, S. tamariscina carbonisatus (STC), possesses opposite haemostatic activity. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively evaluate the activity of ST and STC on physiological coagulation system of rats, and seek potential active substances accounting for the activity transformation of ST during processing...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295655/-not-tonight-zebrafish-the-effects-of-ruta-graveolens-on-reproduction
#6
Mohammad Navid Forsatkar, Maryam HedayatiRad, Ana Carolina Luchiari
CONTEXT: There is growing interest in the pharmacological evaluation of Rue due to its potential to treat a variety of clinical diseases. The plant seems to present potent endocrine disrupting effects, and its excretion and disposal are not a concern. OBJECTIVE: The effects of Ruta graveolens L. (Rutaceae) ethanol extract (RE) on reproductive behaviour, fertility, and steroid and thyroid hormone levels in zebrafish were investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We exposed subjects to varying concentrations of RE, and one-tenth the LC50 concentration (2...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275696/potential-of-rare-actinomycetes-in-the-production-of-metabolites-against-multiple-oxidant-agents
#7
Fatemeh Mohammadipanah, Mana Momenilandi
CONTEXT: Actinobacteria are a precious source of novel bioactive metabolites with potential pharmaceutical applications. OBJECTIVES: Representatives of 11 genera of rare Actinobacteria were selected for the evaluation of antioxidant activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fermentation broths of the Actinobacteria were extracted and dosage of 10 to 2000 µg/mL were applied for in vitro antioxidant-related bioassays. Cytotoxicity was assessed at the concentration of 2...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260980/baohuoside-i-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-migration-by-up-regulating-mir-144-in-melanoma
#8
Ya-Guang Peng, Li Zhang
CONTEXT: Baohuoside-I was reported to induce apoptosis in non-small-cell lung cancer and inhibit the growth of multiple myeloma cells. The antitumour potential of baohuoside-I has not been demonstrated in melanoma yet. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential antitumour activity of baohuoside-I against melanoma and elucidate its underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was evaluated by MTT assay. The malignant invasion capacity was measured with trans-well assay...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235395/adjuvant-activity-of-ethanol-extract-of-hippophae-rhamnoides-leaves-with-inactivated-rabies-virus-antigen
#9
D Singh, B Jayashankar, K P Mishra, H Tanwar, S N Madhusudana, A Y Belludi, R Tulsawani, S B Singh, L Ganju
CONTEXT: Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Elaeagnaceae), commonly known as seabuckthorn (SBT), is known for its medicinal and nutritional properties. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of in vivo adjuvant activity of SBT leaf extract (SBTE) with inactivated rabies virus antigen (Rb). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Swiss albino mice were immunized with aqueous-alcoholic SBTE (100 mg/kg body weight) or algel (aluminium hydroxide gel) with or without Rb (5% v/v). After priming, booster was administered on day 14...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233045/the-%C3%AE-amylase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitory-activities-of-the-dichloromethane-extracts-and-constituents-of-ferulago-bracteata-roots
#10
Songül Karakaya, Sefa Gözcü, Zühal Güvenalp, Hilal Özbek, Hafize Yuca, Benan Dursunoğlu, Cavit Kazaz, Ceyda Sibel Kılıç
CONTEXT: Ferulago (Apiaceae) species have been used since ancient times for the treatment of intestinal worms, hemorrhoids, and as a tonic, digestive, aphrodisiac, or sedative, as well as in salads or as a spice due to their special odors. OBJECTIVES: This study reports the α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of dichloromethane extract and bioactive compounds isolated from Ferulago bracteata Boiss. & Hausskn. roots. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The isolated compounds obtained from dichloromethane extract of Ferulago bracteata roots through bioassay-guided fractionation and isolation process were evaluated for their in vitro α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities at 5000-400 µg/mL concentrations...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231061/the-effect-of-aqueous-extract-of-rosa-damascena-on-formaldehyde-induced-toxicity-in-mice-testes
#11
Majid Askaripour, Azam Hasanpour, Foruzan Hosseini, Mojgan Moshrefi, Gholamreza Moshtaghi, Mohammad Hasannejad, Soodeh Rajabi, Seyed Noureddin Nematollahi-Mahani
CONTEXT: Rosa damascena L. (Rosaceae) (RD) essential oil and extracts are commonly used as a flavour in herbal medicine which increase libido. Previous studies have shown inhalation of RD flower's oil increases libido and causes protective effects in formaldehyde (FA)-induced testicular damage. OBJECTIVE: The protective effects of aqueous extract of RD on the male reproductive system of mice were examined following FA-induced damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight adult NMRI male mice were randomly assigned to six groups (n = 8): control (normal saline, 10 mg/kg); RD40 (40 mg/kg, p...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221422/total-flavones-of-abelmoschus-manihot-improve-diabetic-nephropathy-by-inhibiting-the-irhom2-tace-signalling-pathway-activity-in-rats
#12
Su Liu, Lifang Ye, Jing Tao, Chao Ge, Liji Huang, Jiangyi Yu
CONTEXT: Total flavones extracted from Abelmoschus manihot L. (Malvaceae) medic (TFA) have been proven clinically effective at improving renal inflammation and glomerular injury in chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the function of TFA as an inhibitor of iRhom2/TACE (tumour necrosis factor-α converting enzyme) signalling and investigated its anti-DN (diabetic nephropathy) effects in a DN rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro, cells were treated with 200 μg/mL advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and then co-cultured with 20 μg/mL TFA for 24 h...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191075/flavonoids-cytotoxic-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activities-of-evax-pygmaea
#13
Assia Khalfallah, Djemaa Berrehal, Chawki Bensouici, Ahmed Kabouche, Zahia Semra, Laurence Voutquenne-Nazabadioko, Abdulmagid Alabdul Magid, Zahia Kabouche
CONTEXT: Phytochemical study and biological potential of Evax pygmaea (L.) Brot. (Asteraceae) are reported for the first time. OBJECTIVE: To identify the secondary metabolites of Evax pygmaea and to determine its antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dried aerial parts (1 kg) were macerated in 70% MeOH (5 L) during 72 h. The concentrated hydromethanolic extract was subjected to extractions with chloroform (3 × 300 mL), ethyl acetate (3 × 300 mL) and n-butanol (3 × 300 mL), successively...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185382/in-vitro-antileishmania-activity-of-sesquiterpene-rich-essential-oils-from-nectandra-species
#14
Lauriane Serpa Silva Bosquiroli, Ana Caroline Dos Santos Ferreira, Katyuce Souza Farias, Eduarda Carneiro da Costa, Maria de Fátima Cepa Matos, Mônica Cristina Toffoli Kadri, Yasmin Silva Rizk, Flávio Macedo Alves, Renata Trentin Perdomo, Carlos Alexandre Carollo, Carla Cardozo Pinto de Arruda
CONTEXT: New antileishmanias are needed because of toxicity, high cost and resistance problems associated with available drugs. Nectandra (Lauraceae) produces several classes of compounds but its essential oil has not previously been reported to have antileishmania activity. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the cytotoxicity and antileishmania activity of essential oils from Nectandra amazonum Nees, N. gardneri Meisn., N. hihua (Ruiz & Pav.) Rohwer and N. megapotamica (Spreng...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179615/phenolic-metabolites-biological-activities-and-isolated-compounds-of-terminalia-muelleri-extract
#15
Walaa A El-Kashak, Samir M Osman, Ahmed H Gaara, Sayed A El-Toumy, Tahia K Mohamed, Iñaki Brouard
CONTEXT: Terminalia muelleri Benth. (Combretaceae), is rich with phenolics that have antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. No screening studies were published before on T. muelleri. OBJECTIVE: The study focused on isolation and identification of secondary metabolites from aqueous methanol leaf extract of T. muelleri and evaluation of its biological activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The n-butanol extract was chromatographed on polyamide 6, and eluted with H2O/MeOH mixtures of decreasing polarity, then separated by different chromatographic tools that yielded 10 phenolic compounds...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172838/in-vitro-schistosomicidal-activity-of-the-lignan-6-6-dinitrohinokinin-dnhk-loaded-into-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanoparticles-against-schistosoma-mansoni
#16
Thaís C Lima, Rodrigo Lucarini, Priscilla P Luz, Emerson H de Faria, Liziane Marçal, Lizandra G Magalhães, Fernanda R Badoco, Viviane R Esperandim, Eduardo F Molina, Rosangela S Laurentz, Regiane G Lima, Wilson R Cunha, Jairo K Bastos, Marcio L Andrade Silva
CONTEXT: (-)-6,6'-Dinitrohinokinin (DNHK) display remarkable antiparasitic activity and was, therefore, incorporated into a nanoparticle formulation. OBJECTIVE: Incorporation of DNHK in poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles aiming to improve its biological activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Synthesis, characterization and incorporation of DNHK into glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles by nanoprecipitation method. The nanoparticles were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission electron microscopic scanning mansoni (FESEM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171356/antifatigue-properties-of-tanshinone-iia-in-mice-subjected-to-the-forced-swimming-test
#17
Chueh-Yu Lin, Yan-Shu Jhang, Shang-Chi Lai, En-Li Chen, I-Hsin Lin, Tung-Wu Chang, Yu-Wei Tseng, Vaishnavi Seenan, Jane Shiung, Ming-Hua Chen, Yun-Chen Chiang, Tsung-I Chen, Yin-Jeh Tzeng
CONTEXT: Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) is a constituent of Danshen Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae); however, its antifatigue activity remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To study the antifatigue properties of Tan IIA and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In program I, three mouse groups were separately subjected to three gavages with 0, 1 and 6 mg/kg Tan IIA and forced swimming test (FST) weekly for 8 weeks; in program II, one gavage with 0, 2 and 10 mg/kg Tan IIA was administered plus FST weekly for 4 weeks...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171326/the-antitumour-effects-of-eudesmin-on-lung-cancer-by-inducing-apoptosis-via-mitochondria-mediated-pathway-in-the-tumour-cells
#18
Li-Li Jiang, Bai-Rong Sun, Chao Zheng, Gui-Lun Yang
CONTEXT: Limonoids possess broad range of biological activities, including antitumour, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, etc. Eudesmin (EDN) is a type of limonoid which also possesses various activities. However, there is no report on the antitumour lung cancer (LC) activities of this compound. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates the antitumour effects of EDN and its potential molecular mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro antitumour effects of EDN on LC A549 cells were evaluated by using MTT assay...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169285/relaxant-effect-of-curcuma-longa-on-rat-tracheal-smooth-muscle-and-its-possible-mechanisms
#19
Bahman Emami, Farzaneh Shakeri, Vahideh Ghorani, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
CONTEXT: Turmeric is a spice obtained from the root of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) with anti-aging, anticancer, anti-Alzheimer's disease, antioxidant and other medicinal properties. OBJECTIVE: The relaxant effect of C. longa on rat tracheal smooth muscle and its possible mechanisms were investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relaxant effects of four cumulative concentrations of hydro-ethanol extract of C. longa (6.25, 12...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141487/immunomodulatory-activities-of-isolated-compounds-from-the-root-bark-of-cussonia-arborea
#20
Abdulkabir Oladele Oladimeji, Ibrahim Adebayo Oladosu, Almas Jabeen, Aisha Faheem, Mohammed Ahmed Mesaik, Muhammad Shaiq Ali
CONTEXT: Cussonia arborea Hochst. ex A. Rich (Araliaceae) is a folk medicine used to treat various diseases. However, there is no report of the root phytochemistry. OBJECTIVE: This study isolates and identifies the immunomodulatory compounds from root-bark of C. arborea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract (18 g) was subjected to repeated column chromatography resulting in isolation of five compounds (1-5). Structure determination was achieved by analysis of their 1 D and 2 D NMR, and mass spectroscopy...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
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