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Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394738/kinetic-and-isotherm-studies-of-bisphenol-a-adsorption-onto-orange-albedo-citrus-sinensis-sorption-mechanisms-based-on-the-main-albedo-components-vitamin-c-flavones-glycosides-and-carotenoids
#1
Theophile Kamgaing, Giscard Doungmo, Francis Merlin Melataguia Tchieno, Jimmy Julio Gouoko Kouonang, Ketcha Joseph Mbadcam
Orange albedo and its adsorption capacity towards bisphenol A (BPA) were studied. Adsorption experiments were conducted in batch mode at 25-55°C. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to characterise the biosorbent. The effects of various parameters including adsorption time, equilibrium pH, adsorbent dosage and initial adsorbate concentration were investigated...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394702/removal-of-phenanthrene-in-aqueous-solution-containing-photon-competitors-by-tio2-c-ag-film-supported-on-fiberglass
#2
Denisse Fabiola González-Ramírez, Pedro Ávila-Pérez, Luis G Torres-Bustillos, Ricardo Aguilar-López, María C Montes-Horcasitas, Fernando J Esparza-García, Refugio Rodríguez-Vázquez
Surface interactions with pollutants and photons are key factors that affect the applications of TiO2 in environmental remediation. In this study, the solubilizing agents dimethylsulfoxide and polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, which act as photon competitors, had no effect on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2-C-Ag film in phenanthrene (PHE) removal. Fiberglass with TiO2-C-Ag coating removed 91.1 ± 5.2 and 99.7 ± 0.4% of PHE in treatments using UVA (365-465 nm) and UVC (254 nm) irradiation, respectively...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394701/nitrogen-removal-and-its-relationship-with-the-nitrogen-cycle-genes-and-microorganisms-in-the-horizontal-subsurface-flow-constructed-wetlands-with-different-design-parameters
#3
Jun Chen, Guang-Guo Ying, You-Sheng Liu, Xiao-Dong Wei, Shuang-Shuang Liu, Liang-Ying He, Yong-Qiang Yang, Fan-Rong Chen
This study aims to investigate nitrogen removal and its relationship with the nitrogen-cycle genes and microorganisms in the horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands (CWs) with different design parameters. Twelve mesocosm-scale CWs with four substrates and three hydraulic loading rates were set up in the outdoor. The result showed the CWs with zeolite as substrate and HLR of 20 cm/d were selected as the best choice for the TN and NH3-N removal. It was found that the single-stage mesocosm-scale CWs were incapable to achieve high removals of TN and NH3-N due to inefficient nitrification process in the systems...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394695/variations-in-the-composition-of-house-dust-by-particle-size
#4
Christof Lanzerstorfer
In this study, the distribution of heavy metals and other components in the various size fractions of house dust is investigated. A house dust sample collected from a vacuum cleaner was separated into size fractions by sieving and air classification. The analysis of the size fractions showed that the heavy metals and other components are not uniformly distributed in the various size fractions. The highest total carbon concentrations were found in the size fractions with a mass median diameter of 18-95 µm, while in the coarser size fractions and in the finest size fraction, the total carbon concentration was lower...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368778/monitoring-the-fate-and-behavior-of-tio2-nanoparticles-simulated-in-a-wwtp-with-industrial-dye-stuff-effluent-according-to-oecd-303a
#5
Lwazi C Mahlalela, Jane C Ngila, Langelihle N Dlamini
The use of nanoparticles (NPs) in several consumer products has led to them finding their way into wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Some of these NPs have photocatalytic properties, thus providing a possible solution to textile industries to photodegrade dyes from their wastewater. Thus, the interaction of NPs with industrial dye effluents is inevitable. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and development (OECD) guideline for testing of chemical 303A was employed to study the fate and behaviour of TiO2 NPs in industrial dye-stuff effluent...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368692/the-ability-of-consortium-wastewater-protozoan-and-bacterial-species-to-remove-cod-in-the-presence-of-nanomaterials-under-varying-ph-conditions
#6
Anza-Vhudziki Mboyi, Ilunga Kamika, Maggy Momba
The aim of this study was to ascertain the survival limit and capability of commonly found wastewater protozoan (Aspidisca sp, Trachelophyllum sp and Peranema sp) and bacterial (Bacillus licheniformis, Brevibacillus laterosporus and Pseudomonas putida) species to remove COD while exposed to commercial nanomaterials under varying pH conditions. The experimental study was carried out in modified mixed liquor media adjusted to various pH levels (pH 2, 7 and 10) and a comparative study was performed to determine the difference between the cytotoxicity effects of commercial zinc oxide (nZnO) and silver (nAg) nanomaterials (NMs) on the target wastewater microbial communities using standard methods...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368691/enhanced-photo-catalytic-activity-of-ordered-mesoporous-indium-oxide-nanocrystals-in-the-conversion-of-co2-into-methanol
#7
M A Gondal, M A Dastageer, L E Oloore, U Baig, S G Rashid
Ordered mesoporous indium oxide nanocrystal (m-In2O3) was synthesized by nanocasting technique, in which highly ordered mesoporous silca (SBA-15) was used as structural matrix. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Barrett-Joyner-Halanda (BJH) studies were carried out on m-In2O3 and the results revealed that this material has a highly ordered mesoporous surface with reduced grain size, increased surface area and surface volume compared to the non porous indium oxide...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368688/organochlorine-pesticides-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-sewage-sludge-from-egypt
#8
Assem O Barakat, Mohammed A Khairy, Mahmoud R Mahmoud
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels, distribution and toxicological potential of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sewage sludge samples from several WWTPs in the Alexandria area, Egypt. The POPs of interest were 26 PCBs and 16 OCPs. Analyses were performed by gas chromatography with electron impact mass spectrometric detection in the selected ion monitoring mode (GC-MS-SIM) using deuterated organochlorines as internal standards. Total concentrations of OCPs and Σ7 PCBs (ICES) in sludge ranged from 44...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368686/co-metabolic-degradation-of-steroid-estrogens-by-heterotrophic-bacteria-and-nitrifying-bacteria-in-mbrs
#9
Hai L Song, Xiao L Yang, Ming Q Xia, Ming Chen
Three membrane bioreactors (MBRs) with different carbon/nitrogen ratios were operated in parallel to investigate the effects of heterotrophic bacteria and nitrifying bacteria on the co-metabolic degradation of the steroid estrogens (SEs) estrone (E1) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2). The functional community structures of the MBRs were analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization, and correlations between the functional community structures and SE removal efficiencies were established. The results showed that α-Proteobacteria, β-Proteobacteria, and γ-proteobacteria were responsible for the removal of E1, whereas ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, Nitrosomonas sp...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358299/feeding-schemes-and-c-n-ratio-of-a-laboratory-scale-step-fed-sequencing-batch-reactor-for-liquid-swine-manure-treatment
#10
Sarah Xiao Wu, Jun Zhu, Lide Chen
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of two split feeding schemes (600 mL/200 mL and 400 mL/400 mL, designated as FS1 and FS2, respectively) on the performance of a step-fed sequencing batch reactor (SBR) in treating liquid swine manure for nutrient removal. The SBR was run on an 8-h cycle with a repeated pattern of anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic phases in each cycle and the two feedings always occurred at the beginning of each anaerobic phase. A low-level aeration was used (1.0 L/m(3).sec) for the anoxic/aerobic phase to facilitate nitrification and phosphorus uptake while reducing the energy consumption...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358290/adsorption-of-selected-emerging-contaminants-onto-pac-and-gac-equilibrium-isotherms-kinetics-and-effect-of-the-water-matrix
#11
Francisco J Real, F Javier Benitez, Juan L Acero, Francisco Casas
The removal of three emerging contaminants (ECs) (amitriptyline hydrochloride (AH), methyl salicylate (MS) and 2-phenoxyethanol (PE)) dissolved in several water matrices by means of their adsorption onto powdered activated carbon (PAC) and granular activated carbon (GAC) has been investigated. When dissolved in ultrapure water, adsorption of the ECs followed the trend of AH > MS > PE, with a positive effect of the adsorbent dose. According to the analysis of the adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetics, PAC showed strongly higher adsorption efficiency in both capacity and velocity of the adsorption, in agreement with its higher mesoporosity...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358283/characterization-of-a-thermo-alkali-stable-laccase-from-bacillus-subtilis-cjp3-and-its-application-in-dyes-decolorization
#12
Weichuan Qiao, Jingping Chu, Shaojun Ding, Xin Song, Lei Yu
In this work, a novel bacterial strain exhibiting laccase activity was isolated from black liquor and identified as Bacillus subtilis cjp3. The CotA-laccase gene was cloned from strain cjp3 and expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified recombinant laccase has a maximum activity of 7320 U/L, maintaining high stabilities under a wide pH range and high temperature conditions. Nearly no loss of laccase activity was observed even at pH 9.0 after 10 h of incubation. Reactive blue 19, reactive black 5 and indigo carmine could be efficiently decolorized by the purified laccase in the presence of a mediator ABTS...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340326/effects-of-coupling-a-uf-membrane-with-a-mesh-screen-and-elevating-temperature-in-the-methanogenic-digester-of-a-two-phased-anaerobic-system
#13
Min Ho Kim, Chul-Hwi Park, Gee-Bong Han
This study was conducted to investigate coupling of UF with a mesh screen under thermophilic temperatures and compare the effectiveness of membrane filtration and temperature change in the methanogenic digester. A two-phased anaerobic digester coupled with an ultrafiltration (UF) membrane system was used for anaerobic sludge digestion. The overall average chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency achieved in the two-phased anaerobic digester coupled with the UF membrane system was 97.9 ± 0.8%. In the methanogenic digester, 10...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332950/spatiotemporal-trend-analysis-of-metal-concentrations-in-sediments-of-a-residential-california-stream-with-toxicity-and-regulatory-implications
#14
Lenwood W Hall, Ronald D Anderson, William D Killen
The objective of this study was to determine if concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel and zinc measured in the sediments of a residential stream in California (Pleasant Grove Creek) have changed temporally or spatially from 2006 to 2016. Threshold Effect Levels (TELs), conservative ecological effects benchmarks, and exceedances for the seven metals were also evaluated over the 11-year time period to provide insight into potential metal toxicity to resident benthic communities. In addition, the bioavailability of metals in sediments was also determined by calculating Simultaneous Extracted Metal/Acid Volatle Sulfide (SEM/AVS) ratios to allow an additional assessment of toxicity...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332915/effects-of-sampling-interval-on-the-passive-air-sampling-of-atmospheric-pcbs-levels
#15
Ahmet Egemen Sakin, Fatma Esen, Yucel Tasdemir
In this study, we collected Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) using passive air samplers (PASs), between February 4, 2013 and February 2, 2014, with the sampling periods ranging from 10 to 60 days. The samples were collected with PASs that contained polyurethane foam (PUF). With these samples, 87 PCB congeners were analyzed. Sampling coefficient (R) values for the four seasons were calculated using both the high volume air sampler (HVAS) and PAS samples collected with the same time interval. The average of the annual concentrations of 87 PCB congeners, calculated using the R values specific to this study, was 234 ± 175 pg/m(3)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328295/electrochemical-treatment-of-tannery-wastewater-raw-coagulated-and-pretreated-by-aops
#16
Jeremi H Naumczyk, Małgorzata A Kucharska
This study on tannery wastewater treatment showed that indirect electrooxidation by chlorine generated at a Ti/SnO2/PdO2/RuO2 (SPR) anode led to full ammonia removal, and a decrease in chemical oxygen demand (COD) of up to 77.0%. A combined process of coagulation + H2O2/UV + electrooxidation allowed us to achieve a decrease in COD of up to 97.5%. Equations describing the kinetics of the decrease in COD, the relationship between the decrease in COD and current, and the relationship between the current efficiency of COD reduction and the initial concentrations of the reagents were established...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328279/characterization-of-residual-organic-compounds-of-aerobic-degradation-of-landfill-leachate
#17
Míriam C S Amaral, Wagner G Moravia, Liséte C Lange
The purpose of this article is to characterize and compare the residual COD of raw landfill leachate and its low and high molecular weight fractions before and after aerobic degradation process. The low and high molecular weight fractions (<10 kDa and >10 kDa, respectively) were obtained by the use of an ultrafiltration cell. Samples of the fractions with molecular weights 10 kDa, as well as the raw leachate, were characterized in terms of COD, protein, carbohydrate and lipid concentration and by biodegradability test...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301301/tetrabromobisphenol-a-induces-cellular-damages-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-in-vitro
#18
Kwang Sik Suh, Eun Mi Choi, Sang Youl Rhee, Seungjoon Oh, Sung Woon Kim, Youngmi Kim Pak, Wonchae Choe, Joohun Ha, Suk Chon
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a well-known organobrominated flame retardant. TBBPA has been detected in the environment. The roles played by environmental pollutants in increasing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome are attracting increasing concern. In the present work, we investigated the effects of TBBPA on rat pancreatic β-cells (the RIN-m5F cell line). RIN-m5F cells were incubated with different concentrations of TBBPA for 48 h, and cell viability and the extent of apoptosis were determined. We also measured the levels of inflammatory cytokines, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and cardiolipin, as well as the extent of cytochrome c release from mitochondria...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301290/production-of-a-halotolerant-biofilm-from-green-coffee-beans-immobilized-on-loofah-fiber-luffa-cylindrica-and-its-effect-on-phenanthrene-degradation-in-seawater
#19
Sonia Acosta-Rubí, Araceli Tomasini Campocosio, María Del Carmen Montes-Horcasitas, Liliana Quintanar-Vera, Fernando Esparza-García, Refugio Rodríguez-Vázquez
A biofilm developed from low quality green coffee beans was tested for its capacity to degrade the polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), phenanthrene (Phe), in seawater. Microorganisms were immobilized on two types of Luffa cylindrica (with three and four placental cavities), and the effects of moisture content (20, 30 and 40% of water holding capacity) and particle size (<0.42 mm, 0.42-0.86 mm and 0.86-2.0 mm) of green coffee beans on microbial activity were considered. Biofilm growth determined by respirometry showed a highest microbial activity at a moisture content of 40% and particle size of 0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301286/chlorine-dioxide-oxidation-of-escherichia-coli-in-water-a-study-of-the-disinfection-kinetics-and-mechanism
#20
Isaac Ofori, Suresh Maddila, Johnson Lin, Sreekantha B Jonnalagadda
This study investigated the kinetics and mechanism of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) inactivation of a Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (ATCC 35218) in oxidant demand free (ODF) water in detail as a function of disinfectant concentration (0.5-5.0 mg/L), water pH (6.5-8.5), temperature variations (4-37°C) and bacterial density (10(5)-10(7) cfu/mL). The effects of ClO2 on bacterial cell morphology, outer membrane permeability, cytoplasmic membrane disruption and intracellular enzymatic activity were also studied to elucidate the mechanism of action on the cells...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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