journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Medicinal Food

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445075/dried-plum-ingestion-increases-the-osteoblastogenic-capacity-of-human-serum
#1
Paulina Delgado Cuenca, Lama Almaiman, Simon Schenk, Mark Kern, Shirin Hooshmand
In cell culture studies, dried plum (Prunus domestica L.) polyphenols increased osteoblast alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralized nodule formation, and the expression of the bone marker genes runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and osterix. The purpose of this study was to determine whether human serum collected 1 and 2 h after dried plum ingestion influenced osteoblast cell activity and gene expression. Five healthy women ingested 100 g of dried plum, and serum samples were collected at baseline (before dried plum ingestion) and 1 and 2 h postingestion of dried plum...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422543/newer-insights-into-the-antidiarrheal-effects-of-acacia-catechu-willd-extract-in-guinea-pig
#2
Matteo Micucci, Roberto Gotti, Ivan Corazza, Gabriella Tocci, Alberto Chiarini, Marta De Giorgio, Luca Camarda, Maria Frosini, Carla Marzetti, Monica Cevenini, Roberta Budriesi
Acacia catechu Willd. is a plant diffused in India and other Asian countries, where it is used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of several ailments including diarrhea, one of the most common pathologies worldwide. In this study, we determined the chemical composition of Acacia catechu Willd. extract (AC) and evaluated its effect on spontaneous and induced contractility in isolated guinea pig ileum and proximal colon. Preliminary data about its antimicrobial effect against some pathogen agents versus some microbiota intestinal strain have been also reported...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414560/aloe-arborescens-polysaccharides-in-vitro-immunomodulation-and-potential-cytotoxic-activity
#3
Jilan A Nazeam, Haidy A Gad, Ahmed Esmat, Hala M El-Hefnawy, Abdel-Naser B Singab
Different polysaccharides were isolated from the leaves of Aloe arborescens using the gradient power of hydrogen followed by antitumor and immunomodulatory assay. The total polysaccharide content of different fractions, water-soluble polysaccharide (WAP), acid-soluble polysaccharide (ACP), and alkaline-soluble polysaccharide (ALP), was estimated using a phenol-sulfuric acid spectrophotometric method. WAP possessed a higher content of mannose and glucose than either ACP or ALP. In vitro antitumor activity was investigated in three different cancer cell lines, and in vitro immunomodulatory potential was assessed through phagocytosis and lymphocyte transformation assay...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410455/diallyl-polysulfides-from-allium-sativum-as-immunomodulators-hepatoprotectors-and-antimycobacterial-agents
#4
Carel Oosthuizen, Miriam Arbach, Debra Meyer, Chris Hamilton, Namrita Lall
Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains one of the world's deadliest killers, with an annual death rate of ∼1.5 million. The medicinal effects of garlic have been well documented, and natural products have been shown to have antimycobacterial activity. The current study evaluated the efficacy of six Allium sativum L. polysulfide mixtures as antimycobacterial agents together with their cytotoxic, immunomodulatory, and hepatoprotective activities. The microtitre PrestoBlue assay was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387617/oral-administration-of-%C3%AE-glucosylceramide-for-the-treatment-of-insulin-resistance-and-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-results-of-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Gadi Lalazar, Ehud Zigmond, Sarah Weksler-Zangen, Ami Ben Ya'acov, Miriam Sklair Levy, Nilla Hemed, Itamar Raz, Yaron Ilan
β-glucosylceramide (GC) is a naturally occurring glycosphingolipid that was shown to improve hepatic steatosis, steatohepatitis, and insulin resistance in animal models of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of oral administration of GC in subjects with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Twenty-three patients with biopsy proven NASH were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients were orally administered daily with 7.5 mg of GC. Patients were followed for safety, liver enzymes, HbA1c, insulin sensitivity, lipid profile, hepatic fat content as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and NASH score on liver biopsy...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387565/the-therapeutic-potential-of-piceatannol-a-natural-stilbene-in-metabolic-diseases-a-review
#6
Jonathan Kershaw, Kee-Hong Kim
Metabolic disease comprises a set of risk factors highly associated with obesity and insulin resistance and is a consequence of central adiposity, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of the development of metabolic disease due to ectopic fat deposition, low-grade inflammation, and systemic energy disorders caused by dysregulated adipose tissue function. Piceatannol is a naturally occurring polyphenolic stilbene found in various fruits and vegetables and has been reported to exhibit anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387563/curcumin-upregulates-antioxidant-defense-lon-protease-and-heat-shock-protein-70-under-hyperglycemic-conditions-in-human-hepatoma-cells
#7
Shivona Gounden, Anil Chuturgoon
Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) regulates mitochondrial antioxidant (AO) defense and improves mitochondrial disorders. Curcumin protects mitochondria; however, the mechanisms need investigation. We postulated that curcumin increases AO defense under hyperglycemic conditions in HepG2 cells through SIRT3-mediated mechanisms. Cell viability was determined in HepG2 cells cultured with 5 mM glucose, 19.9 mM mannitol, vehicle control, 10 mM glucose, and 30 mM glucose in the absence or presence of curcumin for 24 h. SIRT3, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70), and Lon protein expressions were determined using western blot...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384036/impact-of-diet-containing-grape-pomace-on-growth-performance-and-blood-lipid-profile-of-young-rats
#8
Ivy Smith, Jianmei Yu, Steven L Hurley, Tracy Hanner
Grape pomace (GP), the residue of grapes after wine making, is rich in dietary polyphenols and fiber, and it has potential to serve as a functional food ingredient to improve health. However, high polyphenol diets have also been reported to inhibit the growth of young animals and cause liver necrosis. This study investigated the effect of diets containing different amounts of GP on the growth performance and blood lipid profile by using a young rat model. Twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats of age 7 weeks were randomly divided into four groups that were fed AIN-93G diets that were modified by substituting 0%, 10%, 20%, and 30% of carbohydrate with GP for 10 weeks (the diets, thus, obtained contained 0%, 6...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384008/high-dietary-alpha-tocopherol-or-mixed-tocotrienols-have-no-effect-on-bone-mass-density-or-turnover-in-male-rats-during-skeletal-maturation
#9
Katherine G Tennant, Scott W Leonard, Carmen P Wong, Urszula T Iwaniec, Russell T Turner, Maret G Traber
High levels of alpha-tocopherol, the usual vitamin E supplement, are reported to decrease bone mass in rodents; however, the effects of other vitamin E forms on the skeleton are unknown. To test the hypothesis that high intakes of various vitamin E forms or the vitamin E metabolite, carboxyethyl hydroxy chromanol, were detrimental to bone status, Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 6 per group, 11-week males) for 18 weeks consumed semipurified diets that contained adequate alpha-tocopherol, high alpha-tocopherol (500 mg/kg diet), or 50% Tocomin (250 mg mixed tocopherols and tocotrienols/kg diet)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375765/safety-assessment-and-botanical-standardization-of-an-edible-species-from-south-america
#10
Giseli Karenina Traesel, Camila Dias Machado, Cleide Adriane Signor Tirloni, Jacqueline Vergutz Menetrier, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero, Emerson Luiz Botelho Lourenço, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich, Jane Manfron Budel, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
Tropaeolum majus L. (Tropaeolaceae), commonly known as nasturtium, is an important edible plant native to the Andean States and widely disseminated throughout South America. Despite the use of this species is quite widespread, there are no minimum quality control standards or data on its genotoxicity. So, the aim of this study was to present a detailed anatomical and histochemical study for Tropaeolum majus and provide genotoxicity parameters of a preparation routinely used in South American countries. First, three different Tropaeolum majus aqueous extracts (TMAEs) at concentrations of 1...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362543/a-botanical-composition-mitigates-cartilage-degradations-and-pain-sensitivity-in-osteoarthritis-disease-model
#11
Mesfin Yimam, Young-Chul Lee, Laura Wright, Ping Jiao, Teresa Horm, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Qi Jia
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by a progressive articular cartilage degradation manifested with significant functional impairment in consort with signs and symptoms of inflammation, stiffness, and loss of mobility. Current OA management is inadequate due to the lack of nominal therapies proven to be effective in hampering disease progression where symptomatic therapy focused intervention masks the primary etiology leading to irreversible structural damage. In this study, we describe the effect of UP1306, a composition containing a proprietary blend of two standardized extracts from the heartwood of Acacia catechu and the root bark of Morus alba, in maintaining joint structural integrity and alleviating OA associated symptoms in monosodium-iodoacetate (MIA)-induced rat OA disease model...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332903/evaluation-of-white-sesame-seed-oil-on-glucose-control-and-biomarkers-of-hepatic-cardiac-and-renal-functions-in-male-sprague-dawley-rats-with-chemically-induced-diabetes
#12
Farhan Aslam, Sanaullah Iqbal, Muhammad Nasir, Aftab Ahmad Anjum, Pamela Swan, Karen Sweazea
White sesame seed oil (WSSO) has been used in cooking and food preparations for centuries. It has many purported health benefits and may be a promising nutraceutical. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effects of WSSO on fasting blood glucose (GLU) and insulin (INS) in male Sprague-Dawley rats with chemically induced diabetes. A secondary aim was to explore other hematological biomarkers of hepatic, cardiac, and renal function. Sixty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into standard diet groups, normal control (NCON) (n = 21) and diabetic control (DCON) (n = 21), and a diabetic sesame oil (DSO) (n = 21) group, which were fed a diet containing 12% WSSO...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294699/chia-oil-enriched-restructured-pork-effects-on-oxidative-and-inflammatory-status-of-aged-rats-fed-high-cholesterol-high-fat-diets
#13
Jorge Arturo Santos-López, Alba Garcimartín, María Elvira López-Oliva, Mirandeli Bautista-Ávila, María José González-Muñoz, Sara Bastida, Juana Benedí, Francisco José Sánchez-Muniz
Chia oil has the highest recognized α-linolenic acid (ALA) content. ALA is associated with beneficial changes in plasma lipids and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Present article aims to analyze the effect of Chia oil-enriched restructured pork (RP) on aged rats in a nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model. Groups of six male Wistar rats (1-year old) were fed the experimental diets: control RP diet (C) noncholesterol high saturated; cholesterol-enriched high-saturated fat/high-cholesterol control RP diet (HC) with added cholesterol and cholic acid; and Chia oil- or Hydroxytyrosol RP cholesterol-enriched high-saturated fat/high cholesterol (CHIA and HxT)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406734/effects-of-trang-phuc-linh-plus-food-supplement-on-irritable-bowel-syndrome-induced-by-mustard-oil
#14
Thong T Nguyen, Duong T Dau, Dung C Nguyen, Huong T T G Nguyen, Phuong T B Ngo, Thai Q Nguyen, Bo Han, Ba X Hoang
Trang phuc linh plus (TPLP) is a food supplement product derived from dried extracts of herbal agents Atractylodes macrocephala, Poria cocos, Paeonia lactiflora, Phellodendron amurense, and added lactobacillus fermentum lysate (ImmuneGamma(®)) and 5-hydroxytryptophan. TPLP is a functional food used as adjunctive treatment for treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However the biological effect and its mechanism of action in IBS have not been elucidated. In this study, we aimed to determine the pharmacological activities and mode of action of TPLP on IBS animal models...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406733/cerebrosides-from-sea-cucumber-protect-against-oxidative-stress-in-samp8-mice-and-pc12-cells
#15
Hongxia Che, Lei Du, Peixu Cong, Suyuan Tao, Ning Ding, Fengjuan Wu, Changhu Xue, Jie Xu, Yuming Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder. Emerging evidence implicates β-amyloid (Aβ) plays a critical role in the progression of AD. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of cerebrosides obtained from sea cucumber against senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) mice in vivo. We also studied the effect of cerebrosides on Aβ-induced cytotoxicity on the rat pheochromocytoma cell (PC12) and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Cerebrosides ameliorated learning and memory deficits and the Aβ accumulation in demented mice, decreased the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-G), and nitric oxide (NO), and enhanced the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity significantly...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406732/black-adzuki-bean-vigna-angularis-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-colon-inflammation-in-mice
#16
Jin-Seon Yook, Kyung-Ah Kim, Mina Kim, Youn-Soo Cha
Adzuki beans (Vigna angularis), one of the most important legume crops in East Asia, have been shown to possess potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in mice. Here, we investigated the effects of black adzuki bean (BAB) on colon inflammation triggered by high-fat diet (HD)-induced obesity in mice. We also isolated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peritoneal macrophages and assessed inflammation-related parameters. We found that BAB decreased the concentrations of LPS and various circulating proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 in mice with HD-induced obesity...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406731/protein-expression-level-of-skin-wrinkle-related-factors-in-hairless-mice-fed-hyaluronic-acid
#17
Min-Kyu Yun, Sung-Jin Lee, Hye-Jin Song, Heui-Jong Yu, Chan Su Rha, Dae-Ok Kim, Soo-Young Choe, Johann Sohn
The aim of this study was to evaluate the wrinkle improving effect of hyaluronic acid intakes. Wrinkles were induced by exposing the skin of hairless mice to ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation for 14 weeks. Hyaluronic acid was administered to the mice for 14 weeks including 4 weeks before experiments. Skin tissue was assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to determine protein expression of wrinkle-related markers. The group supplemented with high concentrations of hyaluronic acid appeared significantly better than control group for collagen, matrix metalloproteinase 1, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 assay...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355092/acute-toxicity-and-cytotoxicity-of-pereskia-aculeata-a-highly-nutritious-cactaceae-plant
#18
Debora O Silva, Mauricio Seifert, Fabiana R Nora, Vera L Bobrowski, Rogerio A Freitag, Heidi R Kucera, Leonardo Nora, Nilesh W Gaikwad
Pereskia aculeata is a Cactaceae plant with valuable nutritional properties, including terrific amounts of protein, minerals, vitamins, and fiber. However, P. aculeata is reported to contain antinutrients and alkaloids in its leaves. In addition, in a study on growth and development, Wistar rats fed with P. aculeata and casein as protein source grew less than the control group (fed with casein only). Therefore, in this study, we evaluated, for the first time, the oral acute toxicity of P. aculeata in rats and also the cytotoxicity behavior of the plant on lettuce seeds...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346848/cardiovascular-protective-effects-and-clinical-applications-of-resveratrol
#19
Sanghyun Cho, Kyung Namkoong, Minji Shin, Jueun Park, Eunyeong Yang, Jinsoo Ihm, Vu Thi Thu, Hyoung Kyu Kim, Jin Han
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phenol that is generated by plant species following injury or attack by bacterial and fungal pathogens. This compound was first described as the French Paradox in 1992. Later in 2003, resveratrol was reported to activate sirtuins in yeast cells. Recent experimental studies have found that resveratrol offers a variety of benefits that include both anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory effects in addition to the ability to reverse obesity, attenuate hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, protect heart and endothelial function, and increase the life span...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338397/clove-and-its-active-compound-attenuate-free-fatty-acid-mediated-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle-cells-and-in-mice
#20
Safina Ghaffar, Shabbir Khan Afridi, Meha Fatima Aftab, Munazza Murtaza, Rahman M Hafizur, Sara Sara, Sabira Begum, Rizwana Sanaullah Waraich
Several reports indicate anti-hyperglycemic effects of Syzygium aromaticum. In the present study, we report for the first time that clove extract (SAM) and its compound nigricin (NGC) decreases free fatty acid-mediated insulin resistance in mouse myoblasts. In addition, NGC was able to diminish insulin resistance in a diabetic mouse model. We observed that SAM and its compound NGC exhibited significant antioxidant activity in murine skeletal muscle cells. They also modulated stress signaling by reducing p38 MAP kinase phosphorylation...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
journal
journal
33053
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"