Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

Reza Badalzadeh, Ako Azimi, Alireza Alihemmati, Bahman Yousefi
It has been shown that diabetes modifies the myocardial responses to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and to cardioprotective agents. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of combined treatment with ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) and cyclosporine A (CsA) on inflammation and apoptosis of the diabetic myocardium injured by I/R. Eight weeks after induction of diabetes in Wistar rats, hearts were mounted on a Langendorff apparatus and were subsequently subjected to a 30-min regional ischemia followed by 45-min reperfusion...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Christian Carpéné, Francisco Les, Mounia Hasnaoui, Simon Biron, Picard Marceau, Denis Richard, Jean Galitzky, Denis R Joanisse, Pascale Mauriège
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO), identical to primary amine oxidase or vascular adhesion protein-1, is a membrane enzyme that generates hydrogen peroxide. SSAO is highly expressed at the adipocyte surface, and its plasma levels increase with type 2 diabetes. Since visceral adipose tissue (AT) is more tightly associated with obesity complications than subcutaneous (SC) abdominal fat, we compared SSAO activity in plasma and 4 distinct AT locations in 48 severely obese women (body mass index (BMI), averaging 54 ± 11 kg/m(2)), with or without a dysmetabolic profile...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Antonio Martínez-Amat, Cristina Casals, Jerónimo Aragón-Vela, Silvia Rosillo, Silvana N Gomes, Ana Rivas-García, Rafael Guisado, Jesús R Huertas
The effect of exercise-induced oxidative stress on health and aging is not clearly explained. This study examined the effects of habitual sport practice, age, and submaximal exercise on the blood markers of oxidative stress, muscle damage, and antioxidant response. Seventy-two healthy men were grouped by their habitual sport practice: inactive (<1.5 h/week), recreational (3-8 h/week), and trained athletes (>8 h/week), and further divided by age: young (18-25 years), adult (40-55 years), and senior (>55 years)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Azalina Zainuddin, Kien-Hui Chua, Jen-Kit Tan, Faizul Jaafar, Suzana Makpol
Human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) proliferation in culture has been used as a model of aging at the cellular level. Growth arrest is one of the most important mechanisms responsible for replicative senescence. Recent researches have been focusing on the function of vitamin E in modulating cellular signaling and gene expression. Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of palm γ-tocotrienol (vitamin E) in modulating cellular aging through p16(INK4a) pathway in HDF cells. Primary culture of senescent HDFs was incubated with 70 μM of palm γ-tocotrienol for 24 hours...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Francisco Eduardo Martin-Cano, Mercedes Caso-Agundez, Cristina Camello-Almaraz, Francisco Juan Santos, María Teresa Espin, Juan Antonio Madrid, Adolfo Diez-Perez, Pedro Javier Camello, Maria Jose Pozo
Urinary bladder function consists in the storage and controlled voiding of urine. Translational studies require animal models that match human characteristics, such as Octodon degus, a diurnal rodent. This study aims to characterize the contractility of the detrusor muscle and the morphology and code of the vesical plexus from O. degus. Body temperature was measured by an intra-abdominal sensor, the contractility of detrusor strips was evaluated by isometric tension recording, and the vesical plexus was studied by electrical field stimulation (EFS) and immunofluorescence...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Mar Ruperto, Guillermina Barril, Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz
Abdominal fat has been recognized as the most hormonally active tissue secreting a variety of adipocytokines and, therefore, potentially contributing to inflammation. The conicity index (Cindex) has been considered a valuable indicator of central obesity. This study aims to relate plasma concentrations of leptin, adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) with Cindex values in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Cross-sectional study in 45 HD patients (55.6 % men; DM 20 %; mean age, 68...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
A M Obregón, K Oyarce, J L Santos, M Valladares, G Goldfield
Studies conducted in monozygotic and dizygotic twins have established a strong genetic component in eating behavior. Rare mutations and common variants of the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene have been linked to obesity and eating behavior scores. However, few studies have assessed common variants in MC4R gene with the rewarding value of food in children. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between the MC4R rs17782313 polymorphism with homeostatic and non-homeostatic eating behavior patterns in Chileans children...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Janaina A Simplicio, Gabriel T do Vale, Natália A Gonzaga, Letícia N Leite, Ulisses V Hipólito, Camila A Pereira, Rita C Tostes, Carlos R Tirapelli
Chronic ethanol consumption is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We studied whether NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in ethanol-induced hypertension, vascular dysfunction, and protein expression in resistance arteries. Male Wistar rats were treated with ethanol (20 % v/v) for 6 weeks. Ethanol treatment increased blood pressure and decreased acetylcholine-induced relaxation in the rat mesenteric arterial bed (MAB). These responses were attenuated by apocynin (30 mg/kg/day; p...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Jeong-Seok Kim, Young-Hee Lee, Yong-Uoo Chang, Ho-Keun Yi
Excessive exercise induces an inflammatory response caused by oxidative stress, which delays recovery of damaged muscle fibers. The reduction of inflammatory response is important for skeletal muscle homeostasis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is an anti-inflammatory molecule, but the role of PPARγ in skeletal muscle as anti-inflammatory activity is not clear. Thus, this study examined the anti-inflammatory role of PPARγ against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in skeletal muscle. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were exercised on a treadmill to induce oxidative stress...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Koryun Mirzoyan, Anna Baïotto, Aude Dupuy, Dimitri Marsal, Colette Denis, Claire Vinel, Pierre Sicard, Justine Bertrand-Michel, Jean-Loup Bascands, Joost P Schanstra, Julie Klein, Jean-Sébastien Saulnier-Blache
Increased incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with consecutive progression to end-stage renal disease represents a significant burden to healthcare systems. Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is a classical hallmark of CKD and is well correlated with the loss of renal function. The bioactive lysophospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), acting through specific G-protein-coupled receptors, was previously shown to be involved in TIF development in a mouse model of unilateral ureteral obstruction. Here, we study the role of LPA in a mouse subjected to subtotal nephrectomy (SNx), a more chronic and progressive model of CKD...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Amjad A Mahasneh, Yali Zhang, Hua Zhao, Christine B Ambrosone, Chi-Chen Hong
The aim of this study was to identify demographic and modifiable lifestyle factors that may be related to endogenous oxidant and antioxidant activity measured in blood specimens from putatively healthy women recruited at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute (Buffalo, NY, USA). Total glutathione (TGSH), catalase (CAT), CuZn-superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured in 124 healthy women, and associations with epidemiological factors were tested using general linear models...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim, Md Shahidul Islam
The present study investigated the effects of myo-inositol on muscle glucose uptake and intestinal glucose absorption ex vivo as well as in normal and type 2 diabetes model of rats. In ex vivo study, both intestinal glucose absorption and muscle glucose uptake were studied in isolated rat jejunum and psoas muscle respectively in the presence of increasing concentrations (2.5 % to 20 %) of myo-inositol. In the in vivo study, the effect of a single bolus dose (1 g/kg bw) of oral myo-inositol on intestinal glucose absorption, blood glucose, gastric emptying and digesta transit was investigated in normal and type 2 diabetic rats after 1 h of co-administration with 2 g/kg bw glucose, when phenol red was used as a recovery marker...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Jamie I Baum, Tyrone A Washington, Stephanie A Shouse, Walter Bottje, Sami Dridi, Gina Davis, Dameon Smith
Obesity is a major public health concern and it is essential to identify effective treatments and preventative strategies to stop continued increases in obesity rates. The potential functional roles of the branched chain amino acid leucine make this amino acid an attractive candidate for the treatment and/or prevention of obesity. The objective of this study was to determine if long-term leucine supplementation could prevent the development of obesity and reduce the risk factors for chronic disease in rats fed a high-fat (60 % fat) diet...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Hongmei Xu, Jihong Zhu, Cong Hu, Hua Song, Yiyang Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, small RNAs, which play a critical role in regulating varieties of the biological and pathologic processes. miR-181a has been reported to participate in tumorigenic progression. However, the roles of miR-181a in cervical cancer (CC) are still unknown. The aim of this research was to explore the effects and molecular mechanism of miR-181a in CC cells. In this paper, the levels of miR-181a in CC cell lines were determined by real-time PCR. We found that the levels of miR-181a were evidently enhanced in CC cell lines compared with normal cervical epithelium cells...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Zoran Miloradović, Milan Ivanov, Đurđica Jovović, Danijela Karanović, Una Jovana Vajić, Jasmina Marković-Lipkovski, Nevena Mihailović-Stanojević, Jelica Grujić Milanović
Many studies demonstrated that angiotensin 2 type 1 receptor (AT1R) blockade accelerates renal recovery in post-ischaemic kidney but there are many controversies related to its net effect on kidney structure and function. During the past years, our research group was trying to define the pathophysiological significance of the renin-angiotensin system on post-ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) development in normotensive Wistar as well as hypertensive rats (SHR). This review mostly summarizes our experience in that field...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Sarita Nehra, Varun Bhardwaj, Anju Bansal, Deepika Saraswat
Decline in oxygen availability experienced under hypobaric hypoxia (HH) mediates imbalance in lung fluid clearance and is a causative agent of acute lung injury. Here, we investigate the pathological events behind acute HH mediated lung injury and assess the therapeutic efficacy of nanocurcumin in its amelioration. We assess the protective efficacy of nanotized curcumin (nanocurcumin) in ameliorating HH induced lung injury and compare to curcumin. Rats exposed to acute HH (6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h) were subjected to histopathology, blood-gas analysis and clinical biochemistry, cytokine response and redox damage...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Hang Song, Yao Zhang, Na Liu, Dongdong Zhang, Chao Wan, Sheng Zhao, Yan Kong, Liudi Yuan
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common and lethal primary brain tumor in adults characterized by high proliferative ability and mortality rate, contains a small subpopulation of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs), which is responsible for GBM progression and therapeutic resistance. Numerous microRNAs are strongly implicated in the malignancy of glioma. However, their specific functions and roles have yet to be fully demonstrated. In the present study, we revealed that the upregulation of Let-7b, a member of the Let-7 microRNA family, inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion in glioma cell lines...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Moni Nader, Nathalie Chahine, Charelle Salem, Ramez Chahine
Restoration of blood flow to the ischemic myocardium is imperative to avoid demise of cardiomyocytes, but is paradoxically associated with irreversible damage to cardiac tissues due to the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We have previously reported that saffron, a natural antioxidant, attenuated ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injuries in vitro; however, its role in a meaningful cardiac recovery remains unknown. Here, we show that saffron supplement (oral administration for 6 weeks) reduced myocardial damage and restored cardiac function in an IR model of rabbit hearts...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
M F Graciano, M Leonelli, R Curi, A R Carpinelli
Omega-3 fatty acids have multiple effects in peripheral tissues and pancreatic beta cell function. Dietary depletion of omega-3 fatty acids is associated with pancreatic islet dysfunction and insulin resistance in rats. Herein, the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on pancreatic beta cell redox state and function were investigated. INS-1E insulin-secreting cells were incubated with EPA and DHA in combination with palmitic acid, and productions of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and insulin were measured...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"