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Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145768/benchmarks-and-blinders-how-canadian-women-utilize-the-nutrition-facts-table
#1
Steven Dukeshire, Emily Nicks
PURPOSE: To better understand how consumers use the Nutrition Facts Table (NFT) in their everyday shopping decisions and food consumption habits. METHODS: Thirteen Canadian females were interviewed about how they use the NFT in their food choices. RESULTS: Different elements of the front of the package served different purposes. Health claims and health checks drew attention to the product, but were not highly trusted. Ingredient lists were used to find "real food...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145767/examining-guidelines-for-school-based-breakfast-programs-in-canada-a-systematic-review-of-the-grey-literature
#2
Katelyn M Godin, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Rhona M Hanning, Jackie Stapleton, Scott T Leatherdale
School breakfast programs are widespread and serve varying objectives regarding youth health promotion. Evidence-based guidelines for breakfast programs may be important in maximizing their effectiveness related to student outcomes, yet it is unclear what is available in Canada. A systematic review was conducted to identify and compare Canadian guidelines related to breakfast programs. Data sources included grey literature databases, customized search engines, targeted websites, and content expert consultations...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145750/evaluation-of-dietitian-counselling-access-revealed-reduced-pediatrician-reported-hospital-admissions-and-increased-parental-knowledge-and-confidence
#3
Katherine Kay Watson-Jarvis, Lorna Driedger, Tanis R Fenton
Based on a 1999 needs assessment a pediatric community-based outpatient dietitian counselling service was created. By 2010 annual referrals had grown to almost 1500 (62% from physicians; 38% from public health nurses). An evaluation was undertaken to gather perspectives of practitioners and parents about access, satisfaction, referral practices, and changes in knowledge, attitudes, behaviour, and child well-being. Health professionals surveyed via email were 62 pediatricians (response rate 71%), 25 family physicians (21%), 87 public health nurses (31%), and 7 dietitian providers (100%)...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145748/pr%C3%A3-venir-la-d%C3%A3-nutrition-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-dysphagiques-institutionnalis%C3%A3-es-avec-une-alimentation-%C3%A3-textures-adapt%C3%A3-es-essai-clinique-randomis%C3%A3
#4
Claudia Côté, Hélène Payette, Cynthia Gagnon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145745/dietary-intake-of-dha-and-epa-in-a-group-of-pregnant-women-in-the-moncton-area
#5
Nicole Arsenault Bishop, Caroline P Leblanc
PURPOSE: To compare docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and fish intake of pregnant women at 30 weeks of gestation to current recommendations and to determine the factors associated with omega-3 (ω-3) intake. METHODS: A food frequency questionnaire was completed by 54 women (54/131 = 41%) at 30 ± 0.8 weeks gestation. Supplement intake, sociodemographic characteristics, and ω-3 food habits were evaluated. RESULTS: Among this high socioeconomic status (SES) group, 66...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145738/influence-of-a-school-based-cooking-course-on-students-food-preferences-cooking-skills-and-confidence
#6
Rola Zahr, Lindiwe Sibeko
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to evaluate the influence of Project CHEF, a hands-on cooking and tasting program offered in Vancouver public schools, on students' food preferences, cooking skills, and confidence. Grade 4 and 5 students in an intervention group (n = 68) and a comparison group (n = 32) completed a survey at baseline and 2 to 3 weeks later. Students who participated in Project CHEF reported an increased familiarity and preference for the foods introduced through the program. This was statistically significant (P ≤ 0...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145732/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-as-a-significant-predictor-of-total-gestational-weight-gain-and-birth-weight
#7
Anne-Sophie Morisset, Lise Dubois, Cynthia K Colapinto, Zong-Chen Luo, William D Fraser
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe adherence to gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations and identify determinants of excessive GWG in a sample of women from Quebec, Canada. METHODS: Data were collected from the multi-centre 3D (Design, Develop, Discover) pregnancy cohort study, which included women who delivered between May 2010 and August 2012 at 9 obstetrical hospitals in Quebec, Canada. GWG was calculated for 1145 women and compared to the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145730/the-voice-of-experience-diet-and-weight-change-in-women-with-breast-cancer-associate-with-psychosocial-and-treatment-related-challenges
#8
Vivienne Vance, Sharon Campbell, Linda Mccargar, Marina Mourtzakis, Rhona Hanning
PURPOSE: This study investigated relationships between psychosocial and treatment-related factors, diet, and weight change in women treated with chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Comprehensive qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 women who were within 12 months of completing chemotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Changes in food intake and eating patterns were universal over the course of chemotherapy, with broad variability in treatment effects and associated dietary responses linked to weight change...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744732/undergraduate-female-nutrition-students-perceptions-of-curricular-influence-on-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-obesity
#9
John J M Dwyer, Andrea Starr, Christine Mills, Jess Haines
PURPOSE: This qualitative study, guided by a phenomenological approach, explored senior-level undergraduate, nutrition students' perceptions of how obesity and weight bias were addressed in the undergraduate curricula and how the curricula influenced their attitudes toward individuals with obesity. METHODS: Twenty senior-level undergraduate, nutrition students from the University of Guelph participated in interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779899/energy-density-is-not-a-consistent-correlate-of-adiposity-in-women-during-the-menopausal-transition
#10
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Denis Prud'homme, Martin Brochu, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Jean-Marc Lavoie, Éric Doucet
PURPOSE: The association between the energy density (ED) of foods and adiposity has been reported previously. However, whether the contribution of ED to adiposity remains significant when controlled for energy intake (EI) and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) remains to be clearly established. We aimed to investigate the independent contribution of ED to variations in body composition in women during the menopausal transition. METHODS: Sixty-seven women from the MONET cohort study were analyzed...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779892/examining-diet-related-care-practices-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-focus-on-glycemic-index-choices
#11
Hayford M Avedzi, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Stephanie Bearman, Kate Storey, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
We examined self-care dietary practices and usual intakes among adults with Type 2 diabetes in Alberta, Canada, using data from the Healthy Eating and Active Living for Diabetes study. Participants completed a modified Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener and answered questions about the number of days per week they followed specific diabetes self-care dietary recommendations. Capillary blood samples were collected to assess glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). ANOVA was used to examine differences in dietary self-care, intakes, and glycemic control across categories of days/week of practicing recommended dietary behaviour...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763784/assessing-the-efficacy-of-a-group-mediated-nutritional-knowledge-intervention-for-individuals-with-obesity
#12
Baukje Miedema, Andrea Bowes, Ryan Hamilton, Stacey Reading
PURPOSE: This study reports on the effect of a group-based nutrition and physical activity intervention program on nutrition knowledge and eating habits in a cohort of people with obesity. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-test measures. The intervention consisted of physical activity led by certified exercise physiologists and a nutritional education component led by registered dietitians over a 6-month period followed by 6 months of self-management...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763768/how-and-where-parents-of-infants-and-young-children-want-to-receive-nutrition-information
#13
Bria Dexter, Sarah Frank, Louise Seguin
PURPOSE: To understand how and where parents of infants and young children (children ≤5 years old) prefer to receive nutrition information. METHODS: A 1-page survey was developed and pilot tested at 2 community agencies. The final survey was distributed at 18 community health centres (CHCs) in Calgary and surrounding rural areas. Any parent attending a well-child visit (child ≤5 years old) was able to participate. RESULTS: Five hundred and twenty-nine surveys were completed...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744736/bone-mineral-density-and-fat-soluble-vitamin-status-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-undergoing-lung-transplantation-a-pilot-study
#14
Grace Hubert, Theresa Tam Chung, Connie Prosser, Dale Lien, Justin Weinkauf, Neil Brown, Marianne Goodvin, Kathy Jackson, Joan Tabak, Josette Salgado, Abeer Salman Alzaben, Diana R Mager
PURPOSE: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) often experience low bone mineral density (BMD) pre- and post-lung transplantation (LTX). The study purpose was to describe BMD and micronutrient status in adults with CF pre- and post-LTX. METHODS: Twelve patients with CF (29 ± 8 years) were recruited from the CF clinic at the University of Alberta Lung Transplant Program. BMD and vitamins A, D, E, K status, and parathyroid hormone were measured pre- and post-LTX. RESULTS: No significant differences pre- and post-LTX were observed at the different bone sites measured (lumber-spine, femoral-neck (FN), hip, and femoral-trochlea) (P > 0...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744735/energy-intake-and-food-habits-between-weight-maintainers-and-regainers-five-years-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#15
Ryan E R Reid, Ekaterina Oparina, Hugues Plourde, Ross E Andersen
We explored differences in dietary behaviours, energy, and macronutrient intake among individuals who had regained or maintained weight loss 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study assessed 27 adults who underwent RYGB an average of 12.1 ± 3.7 years before this study was conducted. Dietary assessment was performed using 3-day food records. Daily energy intake (kcal), protein (g), carbohydrate (g), fat (g), and alcohol intake (g) were computed using the ESHA's Food Processor(®). Participants were classified by percent weight loss, maintainers (≥38 %), and regainers (≤30 %)...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744734/nutrient-and-food-group-intakes-of-manitoba-children-and-youth-a-population-based-analysis-by-pulse-and-soy-consumption-status
#16
Adriana N Mudryj, Harold M Aukema, Paul Fieldhouse, B Nancy Yu
Poor eating habits among children are associated with negative health outcomes. The objective of this study was to use pulse/soy consumption as an indicator to evaluate the eating profile of young Manitobans. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 were used for analysis and restricted to Manitoba residents aged 2 to 18 years (n = 1840). Consumers were identified as individuals who reported eating at least 1 pulse/soy product during their recall. On any given day, 8.2% of Manitobans reported consumption of pulses/soy...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744733/preferences-of-young-adults-regarding-dissemination-of-online-vitamin-d-information
#17
Samantha Erin Goodman, Judy Sheeshka
PURPOSE: To explore strategies for disseminating online information about vitamin D to young adults. METHODS: Participants were 50 males and females aged 18-25 years, living in Ontario, Canada. Eight focus groups (4 male; 4 female) were conducted; participants also completed a socio-demographic questionnaire. Audio files were transcribed verbatim; thematic analysis was used to identify key themes. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed that an effective educational intervention geared towards this population should be simple, brief, interesting, personally relevant, credible, and include incentives...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744731/dietitians-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-peer-education-in-nutrition
#18
Paula D N Dworatzek, Joanne Stier
PURPOSE: Peer education (PE) has been used effectively in nutrition; however, research examining dietitians' attitudes regarding PE is lacking. METHODS: An online survey was sent to a random sample of 1198 Dietitians of Canada members to assess attitudes regarding PE by practice area. RESULTS: A representative sample of dietitians by practice area and location was obtained (n = 229; 19%). Their total attitude score (TAS) was 226 ± 26 (mean ± SD) out of 295 (maximum)...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524632/abstracts-from-dietetic-research-event-june-09-11-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
Winnipeg, Manitoba was the host city of the 2016 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2016 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts include Community Based Nutritional Care, Wellness & Public Health, Determinants of Food Choice, Dietary Intake, Nutrition Health & Education, Dietetic Practice & Education, Clinical Research & Patient Service, and Nutrition Social Media & the Web...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524631/addressing-household-food-insecurity-in-canada-position-statement-and-recommendations-dietitians-of-canada
#20
(no author information available yet)
POSITION STATEMENT It is the position of Dietitians of Canada that household food insecurity is a serious public health issue with profound effects on physical and mental health and social well-being. All households in Canada must have sufficient income for secure access to nutritious food after paying for other basic necessities. Given the alarming prevalence, severity and impact of household food insecurity in Canada, Dietitians of Canada calls for a pan-Canadian, government-led strategy to specifically reduce food insecurity at the household level, including policies that address the unique challenges of household food insecurity among Indigenous Peoples...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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