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Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280925/dietary-changes-albertan-women-make-during-pregnancy-thematic-analysis-of-self-reported-changes-and-reasons
#1
Sarah Frank Nichols, Suzanne Galesloot, Dolly Bondarianzadeh, Susan Buhler
PURPOSE: To explore dietary changes Albertan women make during pregnancy, reasons they make changes, and alignment with prenatal nutrition recommendations. METHODS: Women up to 6 months postpartum were recruited in public health centres and Primary Care Networks. Qualitative data were collected through a self-administered survey including 2 open-ended questions that asked about changes made to food/beverage intake during pregnancy and why these changes were made...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280922/survey-of-nutrition-practice-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-among-canadian-registered-dietitians
#2
Trisha Baydock, Savita Bector, Lorian M Taylor, Gregory Hansen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions and reported nutrition practices of Canadian Registered Dietitians (RDs) with regard to feeding patients with severe sepsis. METHODS: In 2017, surveys were sent to 112 eligible Canadian RDs in 10 provinces who were practicing in an intensive care environment. The survey included embedded branching logic questions developed to address major facets of sepsis, critical illness, and nutrition. The survey instrument assimilated all data in an anonymous manner, so respondents could not be linked to their answers...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280920/describing-food-availability-in-schools-using-different-healthy-eating-guidelines-moving-forward-with-simpler-nutrition-recommendations
#3
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Nicole Ata, Sara F L Kirk
PURPOSE: Internationally, there is debate on whether a nutrient or a food-based approach to policy is more effective. This study describes the food/beverage availability in schools in Nova Scotia through a comparison of a traditional nutrient classification ("Maximum/Moderate/Minimum"), currently used in the provincial school policy and a simplified food-based system ("Core/Extra"). METHODS: School food environment audits were conducted in schools (n = 25) to record the food and beverages available...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280918/grocery-shopping-dinner-preparation-and-dietary-habits-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-canada
#4
Lana Vanderlee, Erin P Hobin, Christine M White, David Hammond
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to characterize grocery shopping and dinner preparation behaviours among young people in Canada and to examine associations with eating habits. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 2008 participants aged 16-24 from across Canada. The survey measured self-reported grocery shopping and dinner preparation behaviours, frequency of eating breakfast and eating meals prepared away from home, frequency of vegetable and fruit intake, and socio-demographic characteristics...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280917/exploring-social-justice-advocacy-in-dietetic-education-a-content-analysis
#5
Kathryn Fraser, Jennifer Brady
PURPOSE: To explore the extent to which knowledge- and skill-based learning regarding social justice and/or social justice advocacy is included in the course descriptions of required courses of accredited, English-speaking dietitian training programs in Canada. METHODS: This study is a mixed-methods content analysis of required course descriptions sampled from university academic calendars for accredited, English-speaking dietitian training programs across Canada...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280913/determining-student-food-insecurity-at-memorial-university-of-newfoundland
#6
Lisa Blundell, Maria Mathews, Claire Bowley, Barbara Roebothan
PURPOSE: Our study compared the prevalence of food insecurity among 3 student groups attending Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN): International (INT), Canadian out-of-province (OOP), and Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). Factors associated with food insecurity were also investigated. METHODS: Data were collected via an online survey distributed to an estimated 10 400 returning MUN students registered at a campus in St. John's, NL. Respondents were recruited through e-mails, posters, and social media...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280912/food-service-workers-reliable-assessors-of-food-intake-in-hospitalized-patients
#7
Heather Tulloch, Stephanie Cook, Roseann Nasser, Gina Guo, Adam Clay
Early detection of malnutrition in hospitalized patients is of paramount importance. As poor food intake is a marker of malnutrition risk, a simple and accurate method to monitor intake is valuable. This quality assurance project aimed to determine if food service workers (FSW) were able to provide accurate estimates of patient intakes through visually assessing meal trays at an acute care hospital. FSW conducted visual estimates of patient trays after meals using the meal plate pictorial rating scale adapted from the My Meal Intake Tool and translated their estimates into one of 5 consumption levels (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, or 100%)...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106627/reducing-weight-stigma
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106625/listen%C3%A2-and-speak-a-discussion-of-weight-bias-its-intersections-with-homophobia-racism-and-misogyny-and-their-impacts-on-health
#9
Gerry Kasten
This article is a version of the Ryley-Jeffs Memorial Lecture, delivered on 8 June 2018. It discusses weight bias and the intersections with homophobia, racism, and misogyny, and how these impact health. While the dominant discourse attests that people can lose weight and keep it off, evidence informs us that maintenance of weight loss is unlikely. Using a flawed epistemological framework, obesity has been declared a disease, and weight bias been perpetuated. Weight bias is pervasive, both in the general public and amongst health professionals, often using inappropriate tools to assess the impact of weight on health...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893145/parental-reports-of-lunch-packing-behaviours-lack-accuracy-reported-barriers-and-facilitators-to-packing-school-lunches
#10
Dana L Hawthorne, Lisa J Neilson, Lesley A Macaskill, Jonathan M H Luk, Erica J Horner, Colleen A Parks, Marina I Salvadori, Jamie A Seabrook, Paula D N Dworatzek
PURPOSE: Parents influence the foods their children consume and often provide proxy reports of this intake. One way parents exert this influence is by providing home-packed lunches. This study compared parental reports of foods packed in children's lunches with what was actually packed and identified parental barriers and facilitators to packing lunches. METHODS: Grade 3 and 4 student-parent dyads (n = 321) in 19 elementary schools in Ontario participated. Parental reports and actual packed lunch contents were collected via self-administered surveys and direct observation, respectively...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893141/ontario-menu-calorie-labelling-legislation-consumer-calorie-knowledge-six-months-post-implementation
#11
Julie Kellershohn, Keith Walley, Frank Vriesekoop
PURPOSE: In the province of Ontario, a new law requires restaurants and food service providers, with more than 20 locations in Ontario, to prominently list the calorie content of their food items on the menu. This study examined if the new calorie information shifted the Ontario consumer's ability to more accurately estimate calories. METHODS: Using an online survey, consumers (n = 665 non-Ontario control and n = 694 Ontario) were asked to estimate the calories of a popular menu item (a cheeseburger) prior to this new legislation and 3 months and 6 months after the introduction of the mandated calorie labels on menus...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893138/point-of-purchase-labels-and-reward-cards-improve-sales-of-healthy-foods-in-university-dining-halls
#12
Catherine R Biden, June I Matthews, Natalie A Laframboise, Anne Zok, Paula D N Dworatzek, Jamie A Seabrook
PURPOSE: To compare sales of Food Resources and Education for Student Health (FRESH) Approved versus non-FRESH Approved menu cycle items pre- and postimplementation of the FRESH program. METHODS: Sales data from 2011-2015 of FRESH Approved versus non-FRESH Approved menu items were analyzed. Fruit and milk items sold, net sales, and the cost of free fruit and milk redeemed through the FRESH Reward Card (FRC) program, were also analyzed. RESULTS: FRESH Approved items sold more often than non-FRESH Approved items in the latter 2 years (P = 0...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893137/dietary-intake-and-micronutrient-supplementation-in-youth-with-celiac-disease-with-and-without-type-1-diabetes
#13
Amanda Liu, Margaret Marcon, Esther Assor, Farid H Mahmud, Justine Turner, Diana Mager
The study purpose was to describe dietary intake and the factors influencing micronutrient supplements (MS) use in Celiac Disease (CD) ± Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Three-day food records collected from parents of youth (3-18 years) with CD (n = 14) ± T1D (n = 10) were assessed for macro and micronutrient intake, diet quality (DQ), glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and food group intake. Focus group methodology and thematic concept analysis were conducted to determine factors influencing adolescent MS use...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893135/ingredients-for-success-strategies-to-support-local-food-use-in-health-care-institutions
#14
Emily Linton, Heather Keller, Lisa Duizer
There is growing interest in use of local food within health care institutions such as hospitals and long-term care homes. This study explored stakeholder perspectives on (i) influences on local food use and (ii) strategies that support success and sustainability of use in health care institutions. Fifteen participants who were institutional leaders with experience in implementing or supporting local food use in health care institutions in Ontario were recruited through purposeful and snowball sampling. A semi-structured interview was conducted by telephone and audio-recorded...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546765/awareness-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-possible-health-effects-among-young-adults
#15
Kaitlin Roke, Jodi Rattner, Paula Brauer, David M Mutch
PURPOSE: To assess awareness of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) and their possible health effects among young adults. METHODS: An online survey was deployed to young adults. Questionnaire development involved identification of topic areas by content experts and adaptation of questions from previous consumer surveys. Focus groups and cognitive interviews ensured face validity, feasibility, and clarity of survey questions. Degrees of awareness and self-reported consumption were assessed by descriptive statistics and associations by Cochran's Q tests, Pearson's χ2 tests, Z-tests, and logistic regression...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543519/prevalence-and-correlates-of-food-insecurity-among-students-attending-a-small-rural-canadian-university
#16
Erica Reynolds, Christine Johnson, Jennifer A Jamieson, Hannah Mawhinney
PURPOSE: University students may be at risk for food insecurity (FI) due to low income coupled with rising tuition, housing, and food costs. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of FI and potential correlates among students at a small, rural Canadian university. METHODS: Health Canada's 10-item household food security survey module (HFSSM) was adapted to assess food security status within the postsecondary student population. An additional 11 items measured food access and demographics...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014723/size-matters-package-size-influences-recognition-of-serving-size-information
#17
Victoria M Baxter, Justin W Andrushko, Ulrich Teucher
PURPOSE: To identify the impact of package size on an individual's use of serving size information. The hypothesis was that participants would make more serving size assumption errors on a nutrition facts table (NFT) interpretation task when assessing packages that appear as a single serving but contain multiple servings, compared with products that appear as a multi-serving and contain multiple servings. METHODS: Sixty participants were randomized into 1 of 3 conditions (n = 20 each); products that appeared as a single serving and contain a single serving (SSSS), products that appeared as a single serving and contain multiple servings (SSMS), and products that both appear as a multi-serving and contain multiple servings (MSMS)...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014722/changes-in-energy-metabolism-from-prepregnancy-to-postpartum-a-case-report
#18
Leticia C R Pereira, Sarah A Elliott, Linda J McCargar, Rhonda C Bell, Carla M Prado
PURPOSE: Energy metabolism is at the core of maintaining healthy body weights. Likewise, the assessment of energy needs is essential for providing adequate dietary advice. We explored differences in energy metabolism of a primigravid woman (age: 30 years) at 1 month prepregnancy ("baseline"), during pregnancy (33 weeks), and at 3 and 9 months postpartum. Measured versus estimated energy expenditure were compared using equations commonly used in clinical practice. METHODS: Energy metabolism was measured using a state-of-the-art whole body calorimetry unit (WBCU)...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014721/dietetic-staffing-and-workforce-capacity-planning-in-primary-health-care
#19
Michele MacDonald Werstuck, Jennifer Buccino
The addition of Registered Dietitians (RD) to primary health care (PHC) teams has been shown to be effective in improving health and economic outcomes with reported savings of $5 to $99 New Zealand dollars for every $1 spent on nutrition interventions. Despite proven benefits, very few Canadians have access to dietitians in PHC. This paper summarizes the literature on dietetic staffing ratios in PHC in Canada and other countries with similar PHC systems. Examples are shared to demonstrate how dietitians and others can utilize published staffing ratios to review dietitian services within their settings, identify gaps, and advocate for additional positions to meet population needs...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014717/moving-from-policy-to-practice-a-report-of-school-nutrition-policy-adherence-in-nova-scotia
#20
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Julia C H Kontak, Sara F L Kirk
PURPOSE: School food and nutrition policies have the potential to encourage healthier eating among children and youth to address rising concerns of poor diet quality. Despite their widespread implementation, there is little reported monitoring of policy adherence. This short report describes adherence to the provincial school food and nutrition policy in Nova Scotia (NS) that was implemented in 2006. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to NS public schools in 2014-2015 to assess adherence to the directives and guidelines of the policy...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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