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Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research

Jacynthe Lafrenière, Denis Prud'homme, Martin Brochu, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Jean-Marc Lavoie, Éric Doucet
PURPOSE: The association between the energy density (ED) of foods and adiposity has been reported previously. However, whether the contribution of ED to adiposity remains significant when controlled for energy intake (EI) and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) remains to be clearly established. We aimed to investigate the independent contribution of ED to variations in body composition in women during the menopausal transition. METHODS: Sixty-seven women from the MONET cohort study were analyzed...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Hayford M Avedzi, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Stephanie Bearman, Kate Storey, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
We examined self-care dietary practices and usual intakes among adults with Type 2 diabetes in Alberta, Canada, using data from the Healthy Eating and Active Living for Diabetes study. Participants completed a modified Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener and answered questions about the number of days per week they followed specific diabetes self-care dietary recommendations. Capillary blood samples were collected to assess glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). ANOVA was used to examine differences in dietary self-care, intakes, and glycemic control across categories of days/week of practicing recommended dietary behaviour...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
John J M Dwyer, Andrea Starr, Christine Mills, Jess Haines
PURPOSE: This qualitative study, guided by a phenomenological approach, explored senior-level undergraduate, nutrition students' perceptions of how obesity and weight bias were addressed in the undergraduate curricula and how the curricula influenced their attitudes toward individuals with obesity. METHODS: Twenty senior-level undergraduate, nutrition students from the University of Guelph participated in interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Baukje Miedema, Andrea Bowes, Ryan Hamilton, Stacey Reading
PURPOSE: This study reports on the effect of a group-based nutrition and physical activity intervention program on nutrition knowledge and eating habits in a cohort of people with obesity. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-test measures. The intervention consisted of physical activity led by certified exercise physiologists and a nutritional education component led by registered dietitians over a 6-month period followed by 6 months of self-management...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Bria Dexter, Sarah Frank, Louise Seguin
PURPOSE: To understand how and where parents of infants and young children (children ≤5 years old) prefer to receive nutrition information. METHODS: A 1-page survey was developed and pilot tested at 2 community agencies. The final survey was distributed at 18 community health centres (CHCs) in Calgary and surrounding rural areas. Any parent attending a well-child visit (child ≤5 years old) was able to participate. RESULTS: Five hundred and twenty-nine surveys were completed...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Grace Hubert, Theresa Tam Chung, Connie Prosser, Dale Lien, Justin Weinkauf, Neil Brown, Marianne Goodvin, Kathy Jackson, Joan Tabak, Josette Salgado, Abeer Salman Alzaben, Diana R Mager
PURPOSE: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) often experience low bone mineral density (BMD) pre- and post-lung transplantation (LTX). The study purpose was to describe BMD and micronutrient status in adults with CF pre- and post-LTX. METHODS: Twelve patients with CF (29 ± 8 years) were recruited from the CF clinic at the University of Alberta Lung Transplant Program. BMD and vitamins A, D, E, K status, and parathyroid hormone were measured pre- and post-LTX. RESULTS: No significant differences pre- and post-LTX were observed at the different bone sites measured (lumber-spine, femoral-neck (FN), hip, and femoral-trochlea) (P > 0...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Ryan E R Reid, Ekaterina Oparina, Hugues Plourde, Ross E Andersen
We explored differences in dietary behaviours, energy, and macronutrient intake among individuals who had regained or maintained weight loss 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study assessed 27 adults who underwent RYGB an average of 12.1 ± 3.7 years before this study was conducted. Dietary assessment was performed using 3-day food records. Daily energy intake (kcal), protein (g), carbohydrate (g), fat (g), and alcohol intake (g) were computed using the ESHA's Food Processor(®). Participants were classified by percent weight loss, maintainers (≥38 %), and regainers (≤30 %)...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Adriana N Mudryj, Harold M Aukema, Paul Fieldhouse, B Nancy Yu
Poor eating habits among children are associated with negative health outcomes. The objective of this study was to use pulse/soy consumption as an indicator to evaluate the eating profile of young Manitobans. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 were used for analysis and restricted to Manitoba residents aged 2 to 18 years (n = 1840). Consumers were identified as individuals who reported eating at least 1 pulse/soy product during their recall. On any given day, 8.2% of Manitobans reported consumption of pulses/soy...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Samantha Erin Goodman, Judy Sheeshka
PURPOSE: To explore strategies for disseminating online information about vitamin D to young adults. METHODS: Participants were 50 males and females aged 18-25 years, living in Ontario, Canada. Eight focus groups (4 male; 4 female) were conducted; participants also completed a socio-demographic questionnaire. Audio files were transcribed verbatim; thematic analysis was used to identify key themes. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed that an effective educational intervention geared towards this population should be simple, brief, interesting, personally relevant, credible, and include incentives...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Paula D N Dworatzek, Joanne Stier
PURPOSE: Peer education (PE) has been used effectively in nutrition; however, research examining dietitians' attitudes regarding PE is lacking. METHODS: An online survey was sent to a random sample of 1198 Dietitians of Canada members to assess attitudes regarding PE by practice area. RESULTS: A representative sample of dietitians by practice area and location was obtained (n = 229; 19%). Their total attitude score (TAS) was 226 ± 26 (mean ± SD) out of 295 (maximum)...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
(no author information available yet)
Winnipeg, Manitoba was the host city of the 2016 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2016 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts include Community Based Nutritional Care, Wellness & Public Health, Determinants of Food Choice, Dietary Intake, Nutrition Health & Education, Dietetic Practice & Education, Clinical Research & Patient Service, and Nutrition Social Media & the Web...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
(no author information available yet)
POSITION STATEMENT It is the position of Dietitians of Canada that household food insecurity is a serious public health issue with profound effects on physical and mental health and social well-being. All households in Canada must have sufficient income for secure access to nutritious food after paying for other basic necessities. Given the alarming prevalence, severity and impact of household food insecurity in Canada, Dietitians of Canada calls for a pan-Canadian, government-led strategy to specifically reduce food insecurity at the household level, including policies that address the unique challenges of household food insecurity among Indigenous Peoples...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Vesanto Melina
What can make your work as a dietitian so meaningful that you begin each day with enthusiasm, and if you so choose, retain that joy in your work for 5 decades or more? Three themes are: (i) doing work that profoundly makes sense to you, (ii) inspiring others (and yourself) to make healthful choices, and (iii) moving through challenges to success. Initially it can be challenging to make a living through work that is most deeply meaningful or closest to your heart. Yet it is well worth finding the balance between practicality and movement in the desired direction...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Lorian M Taylor, Stephanie Moriartey, Janet Stadnyk, Carlota Basualdo-Hammond
PURPOSE: This study describes registered dietitians' (RDs) perceptions and use of a nutrition counselling approach (NCA) as defined by the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Nutrition Care Process terminology (NCPT). METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was administered to approximately 500 RDs in Alberta, Canada. Items included demographics, job characteristics, perceived knowledge, competence, use of an NCA, training experience, and theory of planned behaviour salient beliefs...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Teya A Stephens, Jennifer L Black, Gwen E Chapman, Cayley E Velazquez, Alejandro Rojas
This study examined student-reported participation in school food and nutrition activities in Vancouver, British Columbia (BC), and whether engagement differed by gender and between elementary and secondary school students. A cross-sectional survey of grade 6-8 public school students (n = 937) from 20 elementary and 6 secondary schools assessed student-reported participation in a range of food and nutrition activities. Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic regression to examine associations between participation with gender and school type...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Maude Perreault, Victoria Y Y Xu, Suzanne Hamilton, Deslyn Wright, Warren Foster, Stephanie A Atkinson
PURPOSE: The aim was to validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against a 3-day food record (3DFR) for pregnant women with a focus on nutrients important for bone health from food and supplements. METHODS: The FFQ and 3DFR were administered to pregnant women (n = 42) aged 18-45 years in their third trimester of pregnancy in Hamilton, Ontario. Nutrient analysis of intakes was conducted using an FFQ calculator and Nutritionist-Pro software. The average daily serving consumption of Milk and alternatives group and Vegetable subgroup from Canada's Food Guide were also compared...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Alexandra Bédard, Louise Corneau, Sylvie Dodin, Simone Lemieux
PURPOSE: To determine whether an intervention based mainly on exposure to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), along with recommendations and tools for encouraging healthy eating, lead to different effects on dietary adherence and body weight management six months post-intervention in Canadian men and women. METHODS: Thirty-eight males and 32 premenopausal females (all aged 24-53 years) were exposed to the same 4-week experimental MedDiet during which all foods were provided to participants...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Liesel Carlsson, Patricia L Williams, Jessica S Hayes-Conroy, Daphne Lordly, Edith Callaghan
PURPOSE: A small but growing body of peer-reviewed research suggests that school gardens can play a role in building community food security (CFS); however, to date little research exploring the role of school gardens in supporting CFS is available. This paper begins to address this gap in the literature. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory, single-case study design was used. The focus of this case study was the school food garden at an elementary school in the River Valley, Nova Scotia, school community...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Joyce Slater, Adriana N Mudryj
PURPOSE: Food knowledge and skills appear to have declined in the general population over recent decades and may be contributing to negative outcomes and poor nutritional health. It is pertinent to observe the food skills and habits of Canadians, particularly Canadian youth. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2013 Rapid Response on Food Skills (n = 10 098) were used to examine the involvement of children in food preparation processes by identifying and describing the role of children in meal preparation as well as the practice of family meals...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
(no author information available yet)
Dietitians of Canada recommends that an excise tax of at least 10-20% be applied to sugar-sweetened beverages sold in Canada given the negative impact of these products on the health of the population and the viability of taxation as a means to reduce consumption. For the greatest impact, taxation measures should be combined with other policy interventions such as increasing access to healthy foods while decreasing access to unhealthy foods in schools, daycares, and recreation facilities; restrictions on the marketing of foods and beverages to children; and effective, long-term educational initiatives...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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