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Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014723/size-matters-package-size-influences-recognition-of-serving-size-information
#1
Victoria M Baxter, Justin W Andrushko, Ulrich Teucher
PURPOSE: To identify the impact of package size on an individual's use of serving size information. The hypothesis was that participants would make more serving size assumption errors on a nutrition facts table (NFT) interpretation task when assessing packages that appear as a single serving but contain multiple servings, compared with products that appear as a multi-serving and contain multiple servings. METHODS: Sixty participants were randomized into 1 of 3 conditions (n = 20 each); products that appeared as a single serving and contain a single serving (SSSS), products that appeared as a single serving and contain multiple servings (SSMS), and products that both appear as a multi-serving and contain multiple servings (MSMS)...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014722/changes-in-energy-metabolism-from-prepregnancy-to-postpartum-a-case-report
#2
Leticia C R Pereira, Sarah A Elliott, Linda J McCargar, Rhonda C Bell, Carla M Prado
PURPOSE: Energy metabolism is at the core of maintaining healthy body weights. Likewise, the assessment of energy needs is essential for providing adequate dietary advice. We explored differences in energy metabolism of a primigravid woman (age: 30 years) at 1 month prepregnancy ("baseline"), during pregnancy (33 weeks), and at 3 and 9 months postpartum. Measured versus estimated energy expenditure were compared using equations commonly used in clinical practice. METHODS: Energy metabolism was measured using a state-of-the-art whole body calorimetry unit (WBCU)...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014721/dietetic-staffing-and-workforce-capacity-planning-in-primary-health-care
#3
Michele MacDonald Werstuck, Jennifer Buccino
The addition of Registered Dietitians (RD) to primary health care (PHC) teams has been shown to be effective in improving health and economic outcomes with reported savings of $5 to $99 New Zealand dollars for every $1 spent on nutrition interventions. Despite proven benefits, very few Canadians have access to dietitians in PHC. This paper summarizes the literature on dietetic staffing ratios in PHC in Canada and other countries with similar PHC systems. Examples are shared to demonstrate how dietitians and others can utilize published staffing ratios to review dietitian services within their settings, identify gaps, and advocate for additional positions to meet population needs...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014717/moving-from-policy-to-practice-a-report-of-school-nutrition-policy-adherence-in-nova-scotia
#4
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Julia C H Kontak, Sara F L Kirk
PURPOSE: School food and nutrition policies have the potential to encourage healthier eating among children and youth to address rising concerns of poor diet quality. Despite their widespread implementation, there is little reported monitoring of policy adherence. This short report describes adherence to the provincial school food and nutrition policy in Nova Scotia (NS) that was implemented in 2006. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to NS public schools in 2014-2015 to assess adherence to the directives and guidelines of the policy...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014715/improving-documentation-of-pediatric-height-weight-and-body-mass-index-by-primary-care-providers
#5
Coraine V Wray, Paula M Brauer, Roschelle A Heuberger, John V Logomarsino
The regular documentation of anthropometric data in an electronic medical record (EMR) is one tracking method used by primary care providers to follow the growth trajectory and development of children in their health care practices. EMR reminders have been proposed as a method to increase recording of pediatric height and weight by primary care providers, leading to potentially better detection and management of children classified as overweight or obese. The aim of this pre-post study was to improve a Family Health Team's physician documentation of pediatric height and weight through the implementation of an EMR reminder alert tool...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014708/accuracy-of-two-generic-prediction-equations-and-one-population-specific-equation-for-resting-energy-expenditure-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Ross E Andersen, Shane N Sweet, Ryan E R Reid, Florence Sydney, Hugues Plourde
PURPOSE: The primary aim was to assess the accuracy of common prediction equations, the Harris-Benedict (HB) and the Mifflin St. Jeor (MSJ) equations, for estimating resting energy expenditure (REE) among people with spinal cord injury (SCI) against actual REE measurements. The secondary aim was to cross-validate the Buchholz et al. energy prediction equation created for people with SCI. METHODS: A metabolic cart with canopy was used to measure the actual REE. The HB, MSJ, and the Buchholz et al...
July 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106627/reducing-weight-stigma
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106626/dietetic-research-event-june-7-and-8-2018
#8
(no author information available yet)
Vancouver, British Columbia was the host city of the 2018 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada (DC) and Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR), the 2018 Research Showcase was an informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts. The submissions for this year's CFDR event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The 2018 Research Showcase highlighted the Early Bird abstracts in 2 formats; some as 10 minutes oral sessions and others as ePosters with a short oral component...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106625/listen%C3%A2-and-speak-a-discussion-of-weight-bias-its-intersections-with-homophobia-racism-and-misogyny-and-their-impacts-on-health
#9
Gerry Kasten
This article is a version of the Ryley-Jeffs Memorial Lecture, delivered on 8 June 2018. It discusses weight bias and the intersections with homophobia, racism, and misogyny, and how these impact health. While the dominant discourse attests that people can lose weight and keep it off, evidence informs us that maintenance of weight loss is unlikely. Using a flawed epistemological framework, obesity has been declared a disease, and weight bias been perpetuated. Weight bias is pervasive, both in the general public and amongst health professionals, often using inappropriate tools to assess the impact of weight on health...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893145/parental-reports-of-lunch-packing-behaviours-lack-accuracy-reported-barriers-and-facilitators-to-packing-school-lunches
#10
Dana L Hawthorne, Lisa J Neilson, Lesley A Macaskill, Jonathan M H Luk, Erica J Horner, Colleen A Parks, Marina I Salvadori, Jamie A Seabrook, Paula D N Dworatzek
PURPOSE: Parents influence the foods their children consume and often provide proxy reports of this intake. One way parents exert this influence is by providing home-packed lunches. This study compared parental reports of foods packed in children's lunches with what was actually packed and identified parental barriers and facilitators to packing lunches. METHODS: Grade 3 and 4 student-parent dyads (n = 321) in 19 elementary schools in Ontario participated. Parental reports and actual packed lunch contents were collected via self-administered surveys and direct observation, respectively...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893141/ontario-menu-calorie-labelling-legislation-consumer-calorie-knowledge-six-months-post-implementation
#11
Julie Kellershohn, Keith Walley, Frank Vriesekoop
PURPOSE: In the province of Ontario, a new law requires restaurants and food service providers, with more than 20 locations in Ontario, to prominently list the calorie content of their food items on the menu. This study examined if the new calorie information shifted the Ontario consumer's ability to more accurately estimate calories. METHODS: Using an online survey, consumers (n = 665 non-Ontario control and n = 694 Ontario) were asked to estimate the calories of a popular menu item (a cheeseburger) prior to this new legislation and 3 months and 6 months after the introduction of the mandated calorie labels on menus...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893138/point-of-purchase-labels-and-reward-cards-improve-sales-of-healthy-foods-in-university-dining-halls
#12
Catherine R Biden, June I Matthews, Natalie A Laframboise, Anne Zok, Paula D N Dworatzek, Jamie A Seabrook
PURPOSE: To compare sales of Food Resources and Education for Student Health (FRESH) Approved versus non-FRESH Approved menu cycle items pre- and postimplementation of the FRESH program. METHODS: Sales data from 2011-2015 of FRESH Approved versus non-FRESH Approved menu items were analyzed. Fruit and milk items sold, net sales, and the cost of free fruit and milk redeemed through the FRESH Reward Card (FRC) program, were also analyzed. RESULTS: FRESH Approved items sold more often than non-FRESH Approved items in the latter 2 years (P = 0...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893137/dietary-intake-and-micronutrient-supplementation-in-youth-with-celiac-disease-with-and-without-type-1-diabetes
#13
Amanda Liu, Margaret Marcon, Esther Assor, Farid H Mahmud, Justine Turner, Diana Mager
The study purpose was to describe dietary intake and the factors influencing micronutrient supplements (MS) use in Celiac Disease (CD) ± Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Three-day food records collected from parents of youth (3-18 years) with CD (n = 14) ± T1D (n = 10) were assessed for macro and micronutrient intake, diet quality (DQ), glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and food group intake. Focus group methodology and thematic concept analysis were conducted to determine factors influencing adolescent MS use...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893135/ingredients-for-success-strategies-to-support-local-food-use-in-health-care-institutions
#14
Emily Linton, Heather Keller, Lisa Duizer
There is growing interest in use of local food within health care institutions such as hospitals and long-term care homes. This study explored stakeholder perspectives on (i) influences on local food use and (ii) strategies that support success and sustainability of use in health care institutions. Fifteen participants who were institutional leaders with experience in implementing or supporting local food use in health care institutions in Ontario were recruited through purposeful and snowball sampling. A semi-structured interview was conducted by telephone and audio-recorded...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546765/awareness-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-possible-health-effects-among-young-adults
#15
Kaitlin Roke, Jodi Rattner, Paula Brauer, David M Mutch
PURPOSE: To assess awareness of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) and their possible health effects among young adults. METHODS: An online survey was deployed to young adults. Questionnaire development involved identification of topic areas by content experts and adaptation of questions from previous consumer surveys. Focus groups and cognitive interviews ensured face validity, feasibility, and clarity of survey questions. Degrees of awareness and self-reported consumption were assessed by descriptive statistics and associations by Cochran's Q tests, Pearson's χ2 tests, Z-tests, and logistic regression...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543519/prevalence-and-correlates-of-food-insecurity-among-students-attending-a-small-rural-canadian-university
#16
Erica Reynolds, Christine Johnson, Jennifer A Jamieson, Hannah Mawhinney
PURPOSE: University students may be at risk for food insecurity (FI) due to low income coupled with rising tuition, housing, and food costs. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of FI and potential correlates among students at a small, rural Canadian university. METHODS: Health Canada's 10-item household food security survey module (HFSSM) was adapted to assess food security status within the postsecondary student population. An additional 11 items measured food access and demographics...
September 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893143/a-canadian-university-understanding-foods-course-improves-confidence-in-food-skills-and-food-safety-knowledge
#17
Jessica Bertrand, Alison Crerar, Janis Randall Simpson
The impact of a hands-on foods course on undergraduate students' food skills was examined at the University of Guelph. For a convenience sample, first- and second-year students (n = 47, 87% female) registered in the "Understanding Foods" course were recruited to participate in a survey administered on Qualtrics at the beginning of the semester and again at the end of the semester. Participants were asked questions related to demographics and food habits; additional questions on food skills, in Likert-scale format, included confidence in food preparation, food safety knowledge, and grocery shopping habits...
June 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893136/opportunities-and-challenges-for-practical-training-in-public-health-insights-from-practicum-coordinators-in-ontario
#18
Jessica Wegener, Marilyne Petitclerc
Dietetic educators and practicum coordinators (PC) play critical roles in preparing students for practice. Dietitians have made significant progress in the development of educational curricula, competencies, and other resources to support knowledge and skill attainment in public health. There are identified gaps in the literature concerning practical training in sustainable food systems and public health, creating barriers in knowledge exchange and improvements in practicum programs in Canada. This paper discusses the potential opportunities and challenges associated with the number of placements for practical training in public health based on interviews with PCs in Ontario...
June 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766743/inclusive-dietetic-practice
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546766/current-practices-and-priority-issues-regarding-nutritional-assessment-and-patient-satisfaction-with-hospital-menus
#20
Susan Greig, Sharareh Hekmat, Alicia C Garcia
PURPOSE: Patient satisfaction with hospital food enhances consumption and adequate intake of nutrients required for recovery from illness/injury and maintenance of health; accordingly, the nutrient content of the menu must balance patient preferences. This study of Ontario hospital foodservice departments collected data on current practices of analyzing the nutritional adequacy and assessing patient satisfaction with menus, and it explored perceptions of priority issues. METHODS: Foodservice managers/directors from 57 of 140 (41%) hospitals responded to cross-sectional in-depth telephone interviews...
June 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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