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International Journal of Molecular Medicine

Ying Lin, Hongbin Gao, Chuan Chen, Yi Zhu, Tao Li, Bingqian Liu, Chenghong Ma, Hongye Jiang, Yonghao Li, Ying Huang, Qingxiu Wu, Haichun Li, Xiaoling Liang, Chenjin Jin, Jianhua Ye, Xinhua Huang, Lin Lu
Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a rare hereditary retinal disorder characterized by the premature arrest of vascularization in the peripheral retina. The aim of the present study was to characterize the clinical presentations of a Chinese family affected by bilateral severe FEVR, and to identify the underlying genetic variations. One family that presented with bilateral FEVR was recruited for this study. Comprehensive ophthalmic examinations, including best‑corrected visual acuity, slit‑lamp examination, fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography imaging and electroretinogram were performed...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Hyung-Wook Choi, Pyung-Gyun Shin, Ji-Hyun Lee, Woo-Suk Choi, Min-Jae Kang, Won-Sik Kong, Min-Ji Oh, Yong-Bae Seo, Gun-Do Kim
Lovastatin is a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitor that is clinically used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Although it has been reported that lovastatin has anti-inflammatory properties in several studies, how lovastatin regulates the inflammation is still unclear. To evaluate the effect of lovastatin on nitric oxide production (NO) in RAW264.7 macrophages, NO production assay was performed. Also, cell viability was measured to confirm cytotoxicity. Level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) transcription was measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from total RNA in RAW264...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Ying-Ming Tsai, Kuo-Hwa Chiang, Jen-Yu Hung, Wei-An Chang, Hui-Ping Lin, Jiunn-Min Shieh, Inn-Wen Chong, Ya-Ling Hsu
Damage to the bronchial epithelium leads to persistent inflammation and airway remodelling in various respiratory diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To date, the mechanisms underlying bronchial epithelial cell damage and death by common allergens remain largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate Der f1, an allergen of Dermatophagoides farinae, which may result in the death of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs). Der f1 induces BECs to undergo the inflammatory cell death referred to as pyroptosis, induced by increasing lactate dehydrogenase release and propidium iodide penetration...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Rui Dong, Min Zhang, Qunying Hu, Shan Zheng, Andrew Soh, Yijie Zheng, Hui Yuan
Galectin-3 is a member of the galectin family, which are β‑galactoside‑binding lectins with ≥1 evolutionary conserved carbohydrate‑recognition domain. It binds proteins in a carbohydrate‑dependent and ‑independent manner. Galectin‑3 is predominantly located in the cytoplasm; however, it shuttles into the nucleus and is secreted onto the cell surface and into biological fluids including serum and urine. It serves important functions in numerous biological activities including cell growth, apoptosis, pre‑mRNA splicing, differentiation, transformation, angiogenesis, inflammation, fibrosis and host defense...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yongmei Shen, Yu Gao, Hui Yuan, Jiasong Cao, Bona Jia, Mingming Li, Yanfei Peng, Xiaoling Du, Ju Zhang, Jiandang Shi
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of cancer‑associated mortality in men; however, the factors that contribute to disease development have yet to be fully elucidated. Previous studies have suggested that prohibitin-2 (PHB2), which is a multifunctional protein that contributes to various cellular processes, is positively correlated with malignant progression of PCa; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of PHB2 on the enhancement of cell migration have not been identified. The present study induced overexpression and knockdown of PHB2 in PCa cell lines (PC3 and DU145) with the aim of examining the effects of PHB2 on PCa cell migration via wound healing assays...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yaqiong Yang, Rong Hu, Jia Yan, Zhifeng Chen, Yi Lu, Jue Jiang, Hong Jiang
Sevoflurane, an inhalational anesthetic, is extensively used during oral cancer surgery. However, the effect of sevoflurane on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of sevoflurane on the proliferation, apoptosis and invasion in HNSCC cell lines and the underlying molecular mechanism. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to evaluate cell proliferation. Apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. Cell invasion was evaluated using the Transwell invasion assay...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yanliang Li, Huihui Wu, Naijia Liu, Xinyi Cao, Zhen Yang, Bin Lu, Renming Hu, Xuanchun Wang, Jie Wen
The pineal hormone melatonin influences the secretion of insulin by pancreatic islets via the G‑protein‑coupled melatonin receptors 1 and 2 that are expressed in pancreatic β‑cells. Genome‑wide association studies indicate that melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) single nucleotide polymorphisms are tightly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Raf‑1 serves a critical role in the mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in β‑cell survival and proliferation and, therefore, may be involved in the mechanism by which melatonin impacts on T2DM through MTNR1B...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jingcang Lin, Huang Huang, Guorong Lv, Xiangyang Xu, Wendong Lin, Xianyan Xu, Jing Cheng, Ming Zheng
Chronic prenatal hypoxia is a damaging to fetal development and may have various consequences, including hearing loss. Connexin 26 (Cx26) is one of the major protein subunits required for gap junction formation, and has an important role in maintaining homeostasis in the cochlea and normal hearing. Cx26 mutation and expression abnormality are closely associated with inherited nonsyndromic deafness, but the association between Cx26 and prenatal hypoxia is less established. The present study aimed to examine Cx26 expression and aberrant methylation the Cx26 promoter region in the cochlea from rats exposed to chronic prenatal hypoxia...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jike Song, Dadong Guo, Hongsheng Bi
Oxidative stress has an important role in the degradation, oxidation, cross‑linking and aggregation of lens proteins, and can trigger lens epithelial cell apoptosis. To investigate the protective effect of chlorogenic acid (CGA) against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced oxidative stress, human lens epithelial cells (hLECs) were exposed to various concentrations of H2O2 in the presence and absence of CGA. Using MTT assay, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) and ELISA techniques, cell viability, and protein/mRNA levels of BCL2 apoptosis regulator (Bcl‑2) and BCL2 associated X apoptosis regulator (Bax) were investigated...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yanjie Guo, Xiya Ma, Weini Wu, Mingyan Shi, Junlong Ma, Yaping Zhang, Erkang Zhao, Xueyi Yang
Skin epidermal stem cells (SESCs), which share a single origin with corneal epithelial cells (CECs), are considered to be one of the most ideal seed cells for the construction of tissue engineered corneas. However, the mechanism underlying the transdifferentiation of SESCs to CECs has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, to identify critical microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) and genes that regulate the transdifferentiation of SESCs to CECs, SESCs and CECs were collected from sheep and used for small RNA sequencing and mRNA microarray analyses...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jianqiao Yin, Yichao Liang, Dalu Wang, Zhaopeng Yan, Hongzhuan Yin, Di Wu, Qi Su
Constipation is a common affliction which causes discomfort and affects the quality of life of affected individuals. Naringenin (NAR), a natural flavonoid widely found in citrus fruits and tomatoes, has been reported to exhibit various pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-mutagenic, hepatoprotective and anticancer effects. Increasing evidence has indicated that NAR has potential for use in the treatment of constipation. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the laxative effects of NAR in mice with loperamide-induced (Lop-induced) constipation...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Chengkai Lin, Chang Liu, Liangming Zhang, Zhi Huang, Peipei Zhao, Ruiqiang Chen, Mao Pang, Zhenxiang Chen, Liumin He, Chunxiao Luo, Limin Rong, Bin Liu
Tissue engineering is a rapidly growing technological area for the regeneration and reconstruction of damage to the central nervous system. By combining seed cells with appropriate biomaterial scaffolds, tissue engineering has the ability to improve nerve regeneration and functional recovery. In the present study, mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were generated from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) with the non-integrating episomal vectors pCEP4-EO2S-ET2K and pCEP4-miR-302-367 cluster, and differentiated into neural stem cells (NSCs) as transplanting cells...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Xiaotong Meng, Yue Zhu, Lin Tao, Sichao Zhao, Shui Qiu
The present study aimed to investigate the role of periostin (POSTN) and high melatonin concentrations in the apoptosis of hFOB 1.19 human normal fetal osteoblastic cells. hFOB 1.19 human osteoblastic cells were stably cultured and treated in different concentrations of melatonin for different durations of action. Apoptosis was assessed quantitatively using flow cytometric analysis. The results of western blot analysis demonstrated that the treatment of cells with different concentrations of melatonin for different durations of action revealed a positive association between melatonin and the expression levels of glucose‑regulated protein (GRP)78, GRP94, phosphorylated (p‑) eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), activating transcription factor (ATF)4, CCAAT/enhanced binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), cleaved caspase‑3, p‑c‑Jun N‑terminal kinase (JNK) and POSTN...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jung-Hwa Oh, Cho-Rok Jung, Mi-Ok Lee, Janghwan Kim, Mi-Young Son
Alternative cell models of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) have been developed and used for investigations ranging from in vitro experiments to in vivo clinical studies. However, a cell model capable of mimicking the 'normal' state of hNSCs is mandatory in order to extrapolate the results of these studies to humans. In the present study, to select a more suitable hNSC model for developing human‑based experimental platforms, two representative hNSC types were compared, namely human embryonic stem cell (hESC)‑derived hNSCs and ReNcell CX cells, which are well‑characterized immortalized hNSC lines...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jiajun Li, Cheng Yang, Shu Zhang, Shu Liu, Luole Zhao, Huan Luo, Yatang Chen, Wenxiang Huang
Ginsenoside Rg1 (G‑Rg1) is an active ingredient of Panax ginseng, which has previously been reported to attenuate alcohol‑induced hepatic damage; however, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of G‑Rg1 on alcohol‑induced cell injury in vitro and on a rat model of alcoholic hepatitis in vivo. For the in vitro model, L‑O2 cells were incubated with ethanol in the presence or absence of G‑Rg1. For the in vivo model, rats were administered ethanol by intragastric injection and were treated with G‑Rg1, or dexamethasone as a control...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Hae Nim Lee, Seong Ah Shin, Gang Sik Choo, Hyeong Jin Kim, Young Seok Park, Byeong Soo Kim, Sang Ki Kim, Sung Dae Cho, Jeong Seok Nam, Chang Sun Choi, Jeong Hwan Che, Byung Kwon Park, Ji Youn Jung
Flavonols are compounds that have been shown to possess potent anti‑inflammatory effects in cellular and animal models of inflammation. In the present study, the anti‑inflammatory effects and mechanisms of two natural flavonols, quercetin and galangin, in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages were investigated. It was identified that quercetin and galangin markedly reduced the production of nitric oxide (NO), inducible NO synthase and interleukin‑6, and the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB)...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Silu Cheng, Shufang Liang, Qun Liu, Zhengting Deng, Yuanhui Zhang, Juan Du, Ya'ni Zhang, Shu Li, Binbin Cheng, Changquan Ling
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major public health concern worldwide. The aim of the present study was to observe the effect of diosgenin on NAFLD and investigate the underlying mechanisms. Diosgenin treatment increased the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) in HepG2 cells. Diosgenin significantly inhibited high glucose (HG)-induced triglyceride (TG) accumulation and sterol regulatory element‑binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) mRNA increase in HepG2 cells, which were partially abolished by the AMPK inhibitor compound C...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Liying Wang, Fan Wu, Yang Song, Yinzhong Duan, Zoulin Jin
Erythropoietin (Epo), a hematopoietic hormone, has multiple biological functions. Recently, the positively osteogenic effects of Epo on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted broad interest. However, the effects of Epo on the osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament tissue‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPDLSCs) and periodontitis mesenchymal stem cells (pPDLSCs) from patients with periodontitis remain unknown. In the present study, osteogenic effects of Epo on hPDLSCs and pPDLSCs were investigated, and the results suggested that the effects were mediated by promoting the expression of runt related transcription factor 2, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Kun Li, Jieqiong Song, Qian Zhao, Bo Wang, Yunli Zhang, Xuezhe Wang, Tiantian Tang, Shizheng Li
Our previous study indicated that Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) induced human placenta‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPDMSCs) to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, however, the effective component of SM in promoting cardiomyogenic differentiation remained to be elucidated. In the present study, the most commonly examined components of SM, including danshensu, salvianolic acid B, protocatechuic aldehyde, tanshinone I (TS I), TS IIA and cryptotanshinone, were used to determine the effective components of SM in promoting cardiomyogenic differentiation...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Nan Yang, Han Zhang, Xuxu Cai, Yunxiao Shang
Asthma is a chronic disease associated with hyperresponsiveness, obstruction and remodeling of the airways. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has an important role in these alterations and may account for the accumulation of subepithelial mesenchymal cells, thus contributing to airway hyperresponsiveness and remodeling. Epigallo-catechin‑3‑gallate (EGCG), which is a type of polyphenol, is the most potent ingredient in green tea, and exhibits antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidative, anticancer and chemopreventive activities...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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