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Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679220/tackling-health-inequalities-using-urban-heart-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-era
#1
EDITORIAL
Amit Prasad, Carme Borrell, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Somnath Chatterji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675608/gun-theft-and-crime
#2
Philip J Cook
Some law enforcement officials and other observers have asserted that theft is the primary source of guns to crime. In fact, the role of theft in supplying the guns used in robbery, assault, and murder is unknown, and current evidence provides little guidance about whether an effective program to reduce gun theft would reduce gun violence. The current article analyzes publicly available national data on gun theft together with a unique data set for Chicago. The results tend to support a conclusion that stolen guns play only a minor role in crime...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671188/state-firearm-laws-and-interstate-transfer-of-guns-in-the-usa-2006-2016
#3
Tessa Collins, Rachael Greenberg, Michael Siegel, Ziming Xuan, Emily F Rothman, Shea W Cronin, David Hemenway
In a cross-sectional, panel study, we examined the relationship between state firearm laws and the extent of interstate transfer of guns, as measured by the percentage of crime guns recovered in a state and traced to an in-state source (as opposed to guns recovered in a state and traced to an out-of-state source). We used 2006-2016 data on state firearm laws obtained from a search of selected state statutes and 2006-2016 crime gun trace data from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. We examined the relationship between state firearm laws and interstate transfer of guns using annual data from all 50 states during the period 2006-2016 and employing a two-way fixed effects model...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671187/suicide-and-additional-homicides-associated-with-intimate-partner-homicide-north-carolina-2004-2013
#4
Sierra Smucker, Rose E Kerber, Philip J Cook
Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a critical public health and safety issue in the USA. In this study, we determine the prevalence and correlates of perpetrator suicide and additional homicides following intimate partner homicide (IPH) in a large, diverse state with high quality data. We extract IPHs from the North Carolina Violent Death Reporting System for 2004-2013 and identify suicides and other homicides that were part of the same incidents. We analyze the likelihood (in odds ration form) of perpetrator suicide and additional homicides using logistic regression analysis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663118/urban-health-indicator-tools-of-the-physical-environment-a-systematic-review
#5
Helen Pineo, Ketevan Glonti, Harry Rutter, Nici Zimmermann, Paul Wilkinson, Michael Davies
Urban health indicator (UHI) tools provide evidence about the health impacts of the physical urban environment which can be used in built environment policy and decision-making. Where UHI tools provide data at the neighborhood (and lower) scale they can provide valuable information about health inequalities and environmental deprivation. This review performs a census of UHI tools and explores their nature and characteristics (including how they represent, simplify or address complex systems) to increase understanding of their potential use by municipal built environment policy and decision-makers...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654397/self-reported-interest-to-participate-in-a-health-survey-if-different-amounts-of-cash-or-non-monetary-incentive-types-were-offered
#6
Guili Zheng, Sona Oksuzyan, Shelly Hsu, Jennifer Cloud, Mirna Ponce Jewell, Nirvi Shah, Lisa V Smith, Douglas Frye, Tony Kuo
The objective of this study was to assess monetary and non-monetary factors that can influence the decision to participate in a future health survey. A questionnaire was administered to eligible, low-income participants (n = 1502) of the 2012 Los Angeles County Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (LAHANES-II). Multivariable regression analyses were performed to describe factors potentially associated with future intent to participate in similar survey designs. The results of the survey suggest that, overall, female participants had a greater interest in participating under a variety of incentive scenarios...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651759/investigating-the-support-networks-for-mothers-of-a-high-density-public-housing-community-and-the-effects-of-housing-closures-on-these-support-systems
#7
Jennifer Smith, Soyang Kwon, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
Over the past few decades, public housing initiatives have focused on the decentralization of poverty by replacing high-density public housing (HDPH) models with lower-density, mixed-income models. This action has resulted in the displacement of families who had lived in these developments for generations. In past studies, public housing residents have been shown to have stronger social ties than those living in other types of assisted housing. Research on the dismemberment of US public housing has demonstrated a "root shock" or disruption in the support infrastructure in these resource-limited communities...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644535/a-secondary-spatial-analysis-of-gun-violence-near-boston-schools-a-public-health-approach
#8
Gia Barboza
School neighborhood violence continues to be a major public health problem among urban students. A large body of research addresses violence at school; however, fewer studies have explored concentrations of violence in areas proximal to schools. This study aimed to quantify the concentration of shootings near schools to elucidate the place-based dynamics that may be focal points for violence prevention. Geocoded databases of shooting and school locations were used to examine locational patterns of firearm shootings and elementary, middle, and high schools in Boston, Massachusetts...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644534/co-designing-urban-living-solutions-to-improve-older-people-s-mobility-and-well-being
#9
Steve Cinderby, Howard Cambridge, Katia Attuyer, Mark Bevan, Karen Croucher, Rose Gilroy, David Swallow
Mobility is a key aspect of active ageing enabling participation and autonomy into later life. Remaining active brings multiple physical but also social benefits leading to higher levels of well-being. With globally increasing levels of urbanisation alongside demographic shifts meaning in many parts of the world this urban population will be older people, the challenge is how cities should evolve to enable so-called active ageing. This paper reports on a co-design study with 117 participants investigating the interaction of existing urban spaces and infrastructure on mobility and well-being for older residents (aged 55 + years) in three cities...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637433/socio-economic-status-and-prevalence-of-self-reported-osteoporosis-in-tehran-results-from-a-large-population-based-cross-sectional-study-urban-heart-2
#10
M Asadi-Lari, Y Salimi, M R Vaez-Mahdavi, S Faghihzadeh, A A Haeri Mehrizi, Z Jorjoran Shushtari, Bahman Cheraghian
Osteoporosis is a widespread disease among older peoples. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of self-reported osteoporosis and assessing its association with socio-economic status. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2011. Participants were 45,990 individuals aged above 20 years from 22 urban districts. Osteoporosis was measured by self-administrative questionnaire. Wealth index was constructed using principal component analysis based on household assets...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633227/the-association-between-incarceration-and-transactional-sex-among-hiv-infected-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#11
Morgan M Philbin, Elizabeth N Kinnard, Amanda E Tanner, Samuella Ware, Brittany D Chambers, Alice Ma, J Dennis Fortenberry
Criminal justice practices in the USA disproportionately affect sexual and racial/ethnic minority men, who are at higher risk of incarceration. Previous research demonstrates associations between incarceration and sexual risk behaviors for men who have sex with men (MSM). However, little of this work focuses on young MSM (YMSM), particularly HIV-infected YMSM, despite nearly one-third reporting engagement in sexual risk behaviors, such as transactional sex. We therefore explored the association between incarceration and transactional sex among HIV-infected YMSM...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633226/bringing-healthy-retail-to-urban-food-swamps-a-case-study-of-cbpr-informed-policy-and-neighborhood-change-in-san-francisco
#12
Meredith Minkler, Jessica Estrada, Ryan Thayer, Lisa Juachon, Patricia Wakimoto, Jennifer Falbe
In urban "food swamps" like San Francisco's Tenderloin, the absence of full-service grocery stores and plethora of corner stores saturated with tobacco, alcohol, and processed food contribute to high rates of chronic disease. We explore the genesis of the Tenderloin Healthy Corner Store Coalition, its relationship with health department and academic partners, and its contributions to the passage and implementation of a healthy retail ordinance through community-based participatory research (CBPR), capacity building, and advocacy...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633225/health-inequalities-social-justice-and-the-limits-of-liberalism-understanding-health-inequalities-and-justice-new-conversations-across-the-disciplines-edited-by-mara-buchbinder-michele-rivkin-fish-rebecca-l-walker-chapel-hill-university-of-north-carolina-press
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623656/access-to-health-care-services-among-young-people-exchanging-sex-in-detroit
#14
Andrea K Knittel, Louis F Graham, Jerry Peterson, William Lopez, Rachel C Snow
Within the related epidemics of sex exchange, drug use, and poverty, access to health care is shaped by intersecting identities, policy, and infrastructure. This study uses a unique survey sample of young adults in Detroit, who are exchanging sex on the street, in strip clubs, and at after-hours parties and other social clubs. Factors predicting access to free or affordable health care services, such as venue, patterns of sexual exchange influence, drug use and access to transportation, were examined using multivariable logistic regression and qualitative comparative analysis...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623655/transitions-between-housing-states-among-urban-homeless-adults-a-bayesian-markov-model
#15
Ben Alexander-Eitzman, Carol S North, David E Pollio
The purpose of this study is to explore how marginalization, substance abuse, and service utilization influence the transitions between streets, shelters, and housed states over the course of 2 years in a population of urban homeless adults. Survey responses from three yearly interviews of 400 homeless adults were matched with administrative services data collected from regional health, mental health, and housing service providers. To estimate the rates of transition between housed, street, and shelter status, a multi-state Markov model was developed within a Bayesian framework...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616451/assessing-the-impact-of-language-access-regulations-on-the-provision-of-pharmacy-services
#16
Linda Weiss, Maya Scherer, Tongtan Chantarat, Theo Oshiro, Patrick Padgen, Jose Pagan, Peri Rosenfeld, H Shonna Yin
Approximately 25 million people in the United States are limited English proficient (LEP). Appropriate language services can improve care for LEP individuals, and health care facilities receiving federal funds are required to provide such services. Recognizing the risk of inadequate comprehension of prescription medication instructions, between 2008 and 2012, New York City and State passed a series of regulations that require chain pharmacies to provide translated prescription labels and other language services to LEP patients...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616450/implementation-of-urban-health-equity-assessment-and-response-tool-a-case-of-matsapha-swaziland
#17
Kevin Makadzange, Zamahlubi Radebe, Nokuthula Maseko, Voyivoyi Lukhele, Sabelo Masuku, Gciniwe Fakudze, Tigest Ketsela Mengestu, Amit Prasad
Equity in health implies that ideally everyone could attain their full health potential and that no one should be disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of their social position or other socially determined circumstances. Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable contributes towards ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages in dignity, equality and in a healthy environment. This paper illustrates a case of applying the Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (Urban HEART) in a small town in Africa...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616449/correlates-of-sexual-coercion-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-los-angeles-and-san-francisco-ca
#18
Jeffery E Williams, Derek T Dangerfield, Alex H Kral, Lynn D Wenger, Ricky N Bluthenthal
Experiences of coerced or forced sex have been associated with risk for HIV infection for all adults and may be more common for gays, lesbians, bisexuals (GLB) and people who inject drugs (PWID). In this study, we explored factors associated with prior 12-month experiences of forced or coerced sex among a sample of PWID, with a focus on sexual orientation and gender. PWID (N = 772) from Los Angeles and San Francisco were recruited using targeted sampling methods in 2011-2013 and surveyed on a range of items related to demographics, drug use, HIV risk, and violence, including experiences of forced or coerced sex in the prior 12 months...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616448/reliability-and-one-year-stability-of-the-pin3-neighborhood-environmental-audit-in-urban-and-rural-neighborhoods
#19
Anna K Porter, Fang Wen, Amy H Herring, Daniel A Rodríguez, Lynne C Messer, Barbara A Laraia, Kelly R Evenson
Reliable and stable environmental audit instruments are needed to successfully identify the physical and social attributes that may influence physical activity. This study described the reliability and stability of the PIN3 environmental audit instrument in both urban and rural neighborhoods. Four randomly sampled road segments in and around a one-quarter mile buffer of participants' residences from the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition (PIN3) study were rated twice, approximately 2 weeks apart. One year later, 253 of the year 1 sampled roads were re-audited...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616447/reviewer-names-for-2017
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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