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Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837407/erratum-to-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-primary-health-care-usual-points-of-access-and-temporal-trends-in-a-major-us-urban-area
#1
Mustafa Hussein, Ana V Diez Roux, Robert I Field
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807700/angry-scared-and-unsure-mental-health-consequences-of-contaminated-water-in-flint-michigan
#2
Courtney A Cuthbertson, Cathy Newkirk, Joan Ilardo, Scott Loveridge, Mark Skidmore
Natural and manmade crises impact community-level behavioral health, including mental health and substance use. This article shares findings from a larger project about community behavioral health, relevant to the ongoing water crisis in Flint, Michigan, using data from a larger study, involving monthly surveys of a panel of key informants from Genesee County. The data come from open-response questions and are analyzed as qualitative data using grounded theory techniques. Although respondents were not asked about the water issues in Flint, participants commented that the water situation was increasing stress, anxiety, and depression among the city's population...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798762/is-there-a-relationship-between-perceived-neighborhood-contentedness-and-physical-activity-in-young-men-and-women
#3
Michael C Bazaco, Mark A Pereira, Stephen R Wisniewski, Janice C Zgibor, Thomas J Songer, Jeffrey D Burke, Anthony Fabio
The relationship between perceived neighborhood contentedness and physical activity was evaluated in the Add Health study population. Wave I includes 20,745 respondents (collected between 1994 and 1995) and wave II includes 14,738 (71 %) of these same students (collected in 1996). Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate this relationship in both wave I and wave II of the sample. Higher levels of Perceived Neighborhood Contentedness were associated with higher reports of physical activity in both males and females and in both waves...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798761/preventable-hospitalization-rates-and-neighborhood-poverty-among-new-york-city-residents-2008-2013
#4
Angelica Bocour, Maryellen Tria
Knowing which demographic groups have higher rates of preventable hospitalizations can help identify geographic areas where improvements in primary care access and quality can be made. This study assessed whether preventable hospitalization rates by neighborhood poverty decreased from 2008 to 2013 and whether the gap between very high and low poverty neighborhoods changed. We examined trends in age-adjusted preventable hospitalization rates and rate ratios by neighborhood poverty overall and by sex using JoinPoint regression...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761683/the-association-of-minority-self-rated-health-with-black-versus-white-gentrification
#5
Joseph Gibbons, Michael S Barton
There exists controversy as to the impact gentrification of cities has on the well-being of minorities. Some accuse gentrification of causing health disparities for disadvantaged minority populations residing in neighborhoods that are changing as a result of these socioeconomic shifts. Past scholarship has suggested that fears of displacement and social isolation associated with gentrification lead to poorer minority health. However, there is a lack of research that directly links gentrification to minority health outcomes...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752825/harnessing-technology-and-citizen-science-to-support-neighborhoods-that-promote-active-living-in-mexico
#6
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726051/community-schools-a-public-health-opportunity-to-reverse-urban-cycles-of-disadvantage
#7
Catherine Diamond, Nicholas Freudenberg
Community schools link students, families, and communities to educate children and strengthen neighborhoods. They have become a popular model for education in many US cities in part because they build on community assets and address multiple determinants of educational disadvantage. Since community schools seek to have an impact on populations, not just the children enrolled, they provide an opportunity to improve community health. Community schools influence the health and education of neighborhood residents though three pathways: building trust, establishing norms, and linking people to networks and services...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718048/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-primary-health-care-usual-points-of-access-and-temporal-trends-in-a-major-us-urban-area
#8
Mustafa Hussein, Ana V Diez Roux, Robert I Field
Neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES), an overall marker of neighborhood conditions, may determine residents' access to health care, independently of their own individual characteristics. It remains unclear, however, how the distinct settings where individuals seek care vary by neighborhood SES, particularly in US urban areas. With existing literature being relatively old, revealing how these associations might have changed in recent years is also timely in this US health care reform era. Using data on the Philadelphia region from 2002 to 2012, we performed multilevel analysis to examine the associations of neighborhood SES (measured as census tract median household income) with access to usual sources of primary care (physician offices, community health centers, and hospital outpatient clinics)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714491/early-sex-work-initiation-and-violence-against-female-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#9
Angela M Parcesepe, Kelly L L'Engle, Sandra L Martin, Sherri Green, Chirayath Suchindran, Peter Mwarogo
Between 20 and 40 % of female sex workers (FSWs) began sex work before age 18. Little is known concerning whether early initiation of sex work impacts later experiences in adulthood, including violence victimization. This paper examines the relationship between early initiation of sex work and violence victimization during adulthood. The sample included 816 FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya, recruited from HIV prevention drop-in centers who were 18 years or older and moderate-risk drinkers. Early initiation was defined as beginning sex work at 17 or younger...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704384/neighborhood-context-and-preterm-delivery-among-african-american-women-the-mediating-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#10
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Carmen Giurgescu, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra Caldwell, Dawn Misra
Preterm delivery (PTD), or birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is a serious public health issue, and racial disparities persist. In a recently published study, perceptions of the residential environment (or neighborhood context) were associated with PTD rates among urban African American women with low educational attainment (≤12 years); however, the mechanisms of these associations are unknown. Given this gap in the literature, we used data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study of postpartum African American women from Metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (2009-2011; n = 399), to examine whether psychosocial factors (depressive symptomology, psychological distress, and perceived stress) mediate associations between perceptions of the neighborhood context and PTD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699581/mental-and-physical-health-among-homeless-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-a-major-urban-us-city
#11
Annesa Flentje, Armando Leon, Adam Carrico, Debbie Zheng, James Dilley
Sexual and gender minorities have been shown to have greater rates of mental health, substance use disorders, and specific types of health problems compared to heterosexuals. Among the homeless population in several US urban areas, sexual and gender minorities are overrepresented but few studies have examined the mental and physical health status of homeless sexual and gender minorities, with studies on homeless gender minorities being particularly hard to find. Using survey data obtained from the city and county of San Francisco (2015 Homeless Survey), this study examined differences in causes of homelessness, physical and mental health problems, and domestic violence among homeless sexual and gender minorities and their heterosexual and cisgender (i...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670280/assessing-spatial-relationships-between-rates-of-crime-and-rates-of-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-chicago-2012
#12
Phillip Marotta
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain serious public health problems particularly in urban environments in the USA. Despite accumulating research into the role of aggregate rates of crime in shaping rates of STIs, few studies account for spatial dependence in the structure of geographical data. Using multiple spatial analysis methodologies, the following study investigated spatial patterns in community area rates of violent, drug, and property crimes and rates of infection of gonorrhea and chlamydia in 77 community areas in Chicago...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646852/congruence-of-home-social-and-sex-neighborhoods-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nycm2m-study
#13
Beryl A Koblin, James E Egan, Vijay Nandi, Jordan M Sang, Magdalena Cerdá, Hong-Van Tieu, Danielle C Ompad, Donald R Hoover, Victoria Frye
Substantial literature demonstrates the influence of the neighborhood environment on health behaviors and outcomes. But limited research examines on how gay and bisexual men experience and exist in various geographic and virtual spaces and how this relates to their sexual behavior. New York City Men 2 Men (NYCM2M) was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics within the urban environment that influence sexual risk behaviors, substance use, and depression among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in NYC...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653385/physical-and-or-cognitive-impairment-out-of-pocket-spending-and-medicaid-entry-among-older-adults
#14
Amber Willink, Karen Davis, Cathy Schoen, Jennifer Wolff
While Medicare provides health insurance coverage for those over 65 years of age, many still are underinsured, experiencing substantial out-of-pocket costs for covered and non-covered services as a proportion of their income. Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), this study found that being underinsured is a significant predictor of entering into Medicaid coverage over a 16-year period. The rate of entering Medicaid was almost twice as high for those who were underinsured and with physical and/or cognitive impairment than those who were not, while supplemental health insurance reduced the rate of entering Medicaid by 30 %...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653384/accelerated-health-declines-among-african-americans-in-the-usa
#15
Roland J Thorpe, Ruth G Fesahazion, Lauren Parker, Tanganiyka Wilder, Ronica N Rooks, Janice V Bowie, Caryn N Bell, Sarah L Szanton, Thomas A LaVeist
The weathering hypothesis, an explanation for race disparities in the USA, asserts that the health of African Americans begin to deteriorate prematurely compared to whites as a consequence of long-term exposure to social and environmental risk factors. Using data from 2000-2009 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS), we sought to describe differences in age-related health outcomes in 619,130 African Americans and whites. Outcome measures included hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and cardiovascular disease...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653383/recent-internet-use-and-associations-with-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-entering-addiction-treatment-involved-in-a-web-delivered-psychosocial-intervention-study
#16
B Tofighi, A N C Campbell, M Pavlicova, M C Hu, J D Lee, E V Nunes
The acceptability and clinical impact of a web-based intervention among patients entering addiction treatment who lack recent internet access are unclear. This secondary analysis of a national multisite treatment study (NIDA Clinical Trials Network-0044) assessed for acceptability and clinical impact of a web-based psychosocial intervention among participants enrolling in community-based, outpatient addiction treatment programs. Participants were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of a web-based therapeutic education system (TES) based on the community reinforcement approach plus contingency management versus treatment as usual (TAU)...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613180/police-recorded-crime-and-perceived-stress-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetes-study-of-northern-california-distance
#17
Aracely Tamayo, Mahasin S Mujahid, Barbara Laraia, E Margaret Warton, Samuel D Blanchard, Maggi Kelly, Howard H Moffet, Nancy Adler, Dean Schillinger, Andrew J Karter
While stress has been linked to poor health outcomes, little is known about the impact of objective measures of neighborhood crime on stress in patients with chronic disease. Using the Kaiser Permanente Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE), we examined associations between police-recorded crime (2005-2007) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale-4) in four large Northern California cities (Oakland, Sacramento, San Francisco, and San Jose). We performed stratified analysis by gender and race/ethnicity using generalized linear regression models...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604615/perceived-and-objectively-measured-neighborhood-violence-and-adolescent-psychological-distress
#18
Sidra Goldman-Mellor, Claire Margerison-Zilko, Kristina Allen, Magdalena Cerda
Prior research examining links between neighborhood violence and mental health has not been able to establish whether it is perceived levels of neighborhood violence, or actual levels of violent crime, that matter most for adolescents' psychological well-being. In this study, we ascertained both perceived neighborhood safety and objectively-measured neighborhood-level violent crime (using a novel geospatial index of police-reported crime incidents) for 4464 adolescent respondents from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011-2014)...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604614/temporal-trends-and-racial-ethnic-inequalities-for-legal-intervention-injuries-treated-in-emergency-departments-us-men-and-women-age-15-34-2001-2014
#19
Justin M Feldman, Jarvis T Chen, Pamela D Waterman, Nancy Krieger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562878/third-places-for-health-promotion-with-older-adults-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-enhance-program-implementation-and-evaluation
#20
Mary E Northridge, Susan S Kum, Bibhas Chakraborty, Ariel Port Greenblatt, Stephen E Marshall, Hua Wang, Carol Kunzel, Sara S Metcalf
This study extends the concept of third places to include community sites where older adults gather, often for meals or companionship. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research guided program implementation and evaluation. Depending upon health promotion program needs, the physical infrastructure of a site is important, but a supportive director (champion) can often overcome identified deficits. Senior centers may be locally classified into four types based upon eligibility requirements of residents in affiliated housing and services offered...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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