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Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439769/perceived-neighborhood-safety-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-health-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-paris-france
#1
Dustin T Duncan, Su Hyun Park, William C Goedel, Noah T Kreski, Jace G Morganstein, H Rhodes Hambrick, Girardin Jean-Louis, Basile Chaix
Recent studies have examined sleep health among men who have sex with men (MSM), but no studies have examined associations of neighborhood characteristics and sleep health among this population. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighborhood safety and sleep health among a sample of MSM in Paris, France. We placed broadcast advertisements on a popular smartphone application for MSM in October 2016 to recruit users in the Paris (France) metropolitan area (n = 580). Users were directed to complete a web-based survey, including previously used items measuring perceptions of neighborhood safety, validated measures of sleep health, and socio-demographics...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417293/improvement-of-geographic-disparities-amelioration-or-displacement
#2
Dajun Dai, Richard Rothenberg, Ruiyan Luo, Scott R Weaver, Christine E Stauber
Progression of geographic disparities in social determinants of health is a global concern. Using an Urban Health Index (UHI) approach, we proposed a framework of examining the change of geographic disparities in social determinants in small areas. Using the City of Atlanta in Georgia (USA) as a case study, we standardized six census-based social determinant indicators in 2000 and in 2010, respectively, and calculated their geometric mean to assign each census tract a UHI value for 2000 and for 2010. We then evaluated the temporal change of the UHIs in relation to the demographic changes using spatial and statistical methods...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409360/voices-from-flint-community-perceptions-of-the-flint-water-crisis
#3
Nia Jeneé Heard-Garris, Jessica Roche, Patrick Carter, Mahshid Abir, Maureen Walton, Marc Zimmerman, Rebecca Cunningham
We describe the self-reported socioeconomic and health impacts, as well as the coping mechanisms employed by a drug-using cohort of adults during the Flint water crisis (FWC) in Flint, Michigan. Participants from an ongoing longitudinal Emergency Department study were contacted between April 2016 and July 2016 and completed a survey focusing on exposure, consequences, and coping strategies. One hundred thirty-three participants (mean age = 26, 65% African-American, 61% public assistance) completed the survey (37...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409359/on-the-battlefield-the-black-church-public-health-and-the-fight-against-hiv-among-african-american-gay-and-bisexual-men
#4
William L Jeffries Iv, Madeline Y Sutton, Agatha N Eke
HIV affects African American gay and bisexual men (AAGBM) more disproportionately than any other group in the USA. The Black Church, which has been a historic mainstay for African American empowerment and well-being, has the potential to be a public health partner for HIV prevention with AAGBM. Public health partnerships with the Black Church can strengthen HIV prevention efforts with AAGBM by [1] adapting church-based prevention strategies developed for other African American subgroups [2], providing prevention and referral services [3], considering how scripture supports prevention efforts, and [4] emphasizing the tenets of liberation theology...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401435/erratum-to-anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#5
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389784/findings-from-the-initial-use-of-the-healthy-homes-rating-system-hhrs-in-three-american-cities
#6
Katelyn Burkart, Jonatan Martinez, Alicia Streater, Lyke Thompson
HUD's Healthy Homes Rating System (HHRS) is a modification of the English version, using scoring values developed in England. The goal of the HUD Three-City Healthy Homes Rating System (HHRS) study was to create a baseline of the prevalence and severity of 29 home health hazards in three cities-Detroit, MI; Greensboro, NC; and Alameda County, CA-and to compare the results to the prevalence and severity found in England. We analyzed 978 housing assessments over 3 years. Hygrothermal hazards (e.g., excess cold) were the most prevalent across the sites...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353209/reviewer-names-for-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337575/a-novel-modeling-approach-for-estimating-patterns-of-migration-into-and-out-of-san-francisco-by-hiv-status-and-race-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Alison J Hughes, Yea-Hung Chen, Susan Scheer, H Fisher Raymond
In the early 1980s, men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco were one of the first populations to be affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, and they continue to bear a heavy HIV burden. Once a rapidly fatal disease, survival with HIV improved drastically following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy in 1996. As a result, the ability of HIV-positive persons to move into and out of San Francisco has increased due to lengthened survival. Although there is a high level of migration among the general US population and among HIV-positive persons in San Francisco, in- and out-migration patterns of MSM in San Francisco have, to our knowledge, never been described...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321794/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-health-and-wellness-outcomes-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
K A Ports, R D Lee, J Raiford, P Spikes, C Manago, D P Wheeler
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are a population at the intersection of two minority statuses-racial minority and sexual minority. Membership in either group, compared to white or heterosexual group membership, may increase one's risk of negative childhood and adult experiences. Baseline data from an HIV intervention efficacy trial (the Black Men Evolving Study) were used to explore the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among 536 BMSM and associations between ACEs and adult mental and physical health outcomes...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321793/psychological-distress-in-parents-and-school-functioning-of-adolescents-results-from-the-world-trade-center-registry
#10
Lisa M Gargano, Tenzin Dechen, James E Cone, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
Poor school-functioning can be indicative of parent and adolescent mental health and adolescent behavior problems. This study examined 472 adolescents enrolled in the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Registry, with a two-step path analysis, using regression-based models, to unravel the relationships between parent and adolescent mental health, adolescent behavior problems, and adolescent unmet healthcare need (UHCN) on the outcome school-functioning. WTC exposure was associated with UHCN and parental mental health was a significant mediator...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303533/urban-health-in-tanzania-questioning-the-urban-advantage
#11
Francis Levira, Gemma Todd
How are health inequalities articulated across urban and rural spaces in Tanzania? This research paper explores the variations, differences, and inequalities, in Tanzania's health outcomes-to question both the idea of an urban advantage in health and the extent of urban-rural inequalities in health. The three research objectives aim to understand: what are the health differences (morbidity and mortality) between Tanzania's urban and rural areas; how are health inequalities articulated within Tanzania's urban and rural areas; and how are health inequalities articulated across age groups for rural-urban Tanzania? By analyzing four national datasets of Tanzania (National Census, Household Budget Survey, Demographic Health Survey, and Health Demographic Surveillance System), this paper reflects on the outcomes of key health indicators across these spaces...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290007/impact-of-urban-neighborhood-disadvantage-on-late-stage-breast-cancer-diagnosis-in-virginia
#12
Pam Baker DeGuzman, Wendy F Cohn, Fabian Camacho, Brandy L Edwards, Vanessa N Sturz, Anneke T Schroen
Research suggests that residents of inner-city urban neighborhoods have higher rates of late stage cancer diagnosis. Identifying urban neighborhoods with high rates of both concentrated disadvantage and late stage cancer diagnosis may assist health care providers to target screening interventions to reduce disparities. The purposes of this study were to (1) create an index to evaluate concentrated disadvantage (CD) using non-racial measures of poverty, (2) determine the impact of neighborhood CD on late stage breast cancer diagnosis in US cities, and (3) to understand the role of obesity on this relationship...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#13
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryan
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281161/history-of-solitary-confinement-is-associated-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-individuals-recently-released-from-prison
#14
Brian O Hagan, Emily A Wang, Jenerius A Aminawung, Carmen E Albizu-Garcia, Nickolas Zaller, Sylviah Nyamu, Shira Shavit, Joseph Deluca, Aaron D Fox
This study assessed the relationship between solitary confinement and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a cohort of recently released former prisoners. The cross-sectional design utilized baseline data from the Transitions Clinic Network, a multi-site prospective longitudinal cohort study of post-incarceration medical care. Our main independent variable was self-reported solitary confinement during the participants' most recent incarceration; the dependent variable was the presence of PTSD symptoms determined by primary care (PC)-PTSD screening when participants initiated primary care in the community...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271237/unhealthful-food-and-beverage-advertising-in-subway-stations-targeted-marketing-vulnerable-groups-dietary-intake-and-poor-health
#15
Sean C Lucan, Andrew R Maroko, Omar C Sanon, Clyde B Schechter
Unhealthful food-and-beverage advertising often targets vulnerable groups. The extent of such advertising in subway stations has not been reported and it is not clear how ad placement may relate to subway ridership or community demographics, or what the implications might be for diets and diet-related health in surrounding communities. Riding all subway lines (n = 7) in the Bronx, NY, USA, investigators systematically assessed all print ads (n = 1586) in all stations (n = 68) in 2012. Data about subway ridership came from the Metropolitan Transportation Authority...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271236/the-impact-of-single-container-malt-liquor-sales-restrictions-on-urban-crime
#16
Patricia McKee, Darin J Erickson, Traci Toomey, Toben Nelson, Elyse Levine Less, Spruha Joshi, Rhonda Jones-Webb
Many US cities have adopted legal restrictions on high-alcohol malt liquor sales in response to reports of crime and nuisance behaviors around retail alcohol outlets. We assessed whether these policies are effective in reducing crime in urban areas. We used a rigorous interrupted time-series design with comparison groups to examine monthly crime rates in areas surrounding alcohol outlets in the 3 years before and after adoption of malt liquor sales restrictions in two US cities. Crime rates in matched comparison areas not subject to restrictions served as covariates...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265806/the-role-of-social-influences-on-pro-environment-behaviors-in-the-san-diego-region
#17
Mica Estrada, P Wesley Schultz, Nilmini Silva-Send, Michel A Boudrias
From a social psychological perspective, addressing the threats of climate change involves not only education, which imparts objective facts upon a passive individual, but also a socializing process. The Tripartite Integration Model of Social Influence (TIMSI) provides a theoretical framework that connects acquiring climate change knowledge with integration into a community, which results in greater engagement in climate friendly behaviors. Survey data were collected from 1000 residents in San Diego County...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258531/correlates-of-sexual-risk-among-recent-gay-and-bisexual-immigrants-from-western-and-eastern-africa-to-the-usa
#18
Theo Sandfort, C Anyamele, C Dolezal
We examined correlates of sexual risk among gay and bisexual men, who recently migrated from western and eastern African countries to the USA and lived in New York City and who are HIV negative or of unknown status. These men migrate from countries where same-sex sexuality is socially rejected and mostly illegal contributing to the motivation to migrate. Their background might predispose these men to engagement in sexual risk practices, while they are not specifically addressed in HIV prevention programming...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247054/feast-empowering-community-residents-to-use-technology-to-assess-and-advocate-for-healthy-food-environments
#19
Jylana L Sheats, Sandra J Winter, Priscilla Padilla Romero, Abby C King
Creating environments that support healthy eating is important for successful aging, particularly in light of the growing population of older adults in the United States. There is an urgent need to identify innovative upstream solutions to barriers experienced by older adults in accessing and buying healthy food. FEAST (Food Environment Assessment STudy) is an effort that is part of the global Our Voice initiative, which utilizes a combination of technology and community-engaged methods to empower citizen scientists (i...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243868/sexual-identity-stigma-and-depression-the-role-of-the-anti-gay-propaganda-law-in-mental-health-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-moscow-russia
#20
Emily Hylton, Andrea L Wirtz, Carla E Zelaya, Carl Latkin, Alena Peryshkina, Vladmir Mogilnyi, Petr Dzhigun, Irina Kostetskaya, Noya Galai, Chris Beyrer
Depression is a major public health problem in the Russian Federation and is particularly of concern for men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM living in Moscow City were recruited via respondent-driven sampling and participated in a cross-sectional survey from October 2010 to April 2013. Multiple logistic regression models compared the relationship between sexual identity, recent stigma, and probable depression, defined as a score of ≥23 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. We investigated the interactive effect of stigma and participation in the study after the passage of multiple "anti-gay propaganda laws" in Russian provinces, municipalities, and in neighboring Ukraine on depression among MSM...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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