journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097615/trends-in-injection-risk-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs-and-the-impact-of-harm-reduction-programs-in-ukraine-2007-2013
#1
Iuliia Makarenko, D C Ompad, Y Sazonova, T Saliuk, J DeHovitz, L Gensburg
The study examined trends in injection risk behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) and assessed the impact of harm reduction programs in Ukraine during 2007-2013. We performed a secondary analysis of the data collected in serial cross-sectional bio-behavioral surveillance surveys administered with PWIDs in Ukraine in 2007, 2008, 2011, and 2013. Using data from 14 Ukrainian cities, we assessed short-term trends in injection risk behaviors with the Cochran-Armitage test for trend and multivariable logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, region, marital status, education level, occupation, age at injection drug use initiation, experience of overdose, and self-reported HIV status...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#2
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083726/developmental-patterns-of-adolescent-marijuana-and-alcohol-use-and-their-joint-association-with-sexual-risk-behavior-and-outcomes-in-young-adulthood
#3
Kerry M Green, Rashelle J Musci, Pamela A Matson, Renee M Johnson, Beth A Reboussin, Nicholas S Ialongo
Urban populations disproportionately experience poor sexual outcomes, including high rates of teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. However, the contribution of substance use across adolescence to poor sexual outcomes in young adulthood has not been investigated in depth, despite offering opportunities for more targeted prevention. This study aimed to estimate joint trajectories of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use to determine if they relate differently to four sexual outcomes: multiple sexual partners, sex without a condom, teenage pregnancy, and contraction of a sexually transmitted infection in young adulthood (by age 25)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074429/longitudinal-associations-between-change-in-neighborhood-social-disorder-and-change-in-food-swamps-in-an-urban-setting
#4
Yeeli Mui, Joel Gittelsohn, Jessica C Jones-Smith
Few studies have examined how neighborhood contextual features may influence the food outlet mix. We evaluated the relationship between changes in neighborhood crime and changes in the food environment, namely the relative density of unhealthy (or intermediate) food outlets out of total food outlets, or food swamp score, in Baltimore City from 2000 to 2012, using neighborhood fixed-effects linear regression models. Comparing neighborhoods to themselves over time, each unit increase in crime rate was associated with an increase in the food swamp score (b = 0...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070822/-our-doors-are-open-to-everybody-public-libraries-as-common-ground-for-public-health
#5
EDITORIAL
Anna Uma Morgan, Roxanne Dupuis, Eliza Davenport Whiteman, Bernadette D'Alonzo, Carolyn C Cannuscio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032240/impact-of-the-china-healthy-cities-initiative-on-urban-environment
#6
Dahai Yue, Shiman Ruan, Jin Xu, Weiming Zhu, Luyu Zhang, Gang Cheng, Qingyue Meng
The China Healthy Cities initiative, a nationwide public health campaign, has been implemented for 25 years. As "Healthy China 2030" becomes the key national strategy for improving population health, this initiative is an important component. However, the effects of the initiative have not been well studied. This paper aims to explore its impact on urban environment using a multiple time series design. We adopted a stratified and systematic sampling method to choose 15 China healthy cities across the country...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028678/the-effect-of-advance-directive-completion-on-hospital-care-among-chronically-homeless-persons-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Alexander K Leung, Matthew J To, Linh Luong, Zahra Syavash Vahabi, Victor L Gonçalves, John Song, Stephen W Hwang
Advance care planning is relevant for homeless individuals because they experience high rates of morbidity and mortality. The impact of advance directive interventions on hospital care of homeless individuals has not been studied. The objective of this study was to determine if homeless individuals who complete an advance directive through a shelter-based intervention are more likely to have information from their advance directive documented and used during subsequent hospitalizations. The advance directive included preferences for life-sustaining treatments, resuscitation, and substitute decision maker(s)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028677/psychosocial-influences-on-disaster-preparedness-in-san-francisco-recipients-of-home-care
#8
Robyn R Gershon, Elena Portacolone, Ezinne M Nwankwo, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Victoria H Raveis
Disasters disproportionately impact certain segments of the population, including children, pregnant women, people living with disabilities and chronic conditions and those who are underserved and under-resourced. One of the most vulnerable groups includes the community-dwelling elderly. Post-disaster analyses indicate that these individuals have higher risk of disaster-related morbidity and mortality. They also have suboptimal levels of disaster preparedness in terms of their ability to shelter-in-place or evacuate to a shelter...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837407/erratum-to-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-primary-health-care-usual-points-of-access-and-temporal-trends-in-a-major-us-urban-area
#9
Mustafa Hussein, Ana V Diez Roux, Robert I Field
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807700/angry-scared-and-unsure-mental-health-consequences-of-contaminated-water-in-flint-michigan
#10
Courtney A Cuthbertson, Cathy Newkirk, Joan Ilardo, Scott Loveridge, Mark Skidmore
Natural and manmade crises impact community-level behavioral health, including mental health and substance use. This article shares findings from a larger project about community behavioral health, relevant to the ongoing water crisis in Flint, Michigan, using data from a larger study, involving monthly surveys of a panel of key informants from Genesee County. The data come from open-response questions and are analyzed as qualitative data using grounded theory techniques. Although respondents were not asked about the water issues in Flint, participants commented that the water situation was increasing stress, anxiety, and depression among the city's population...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798762/is-there-a-relationship-between-perceived-neighborhood-contentedness-and-physical-activity-in-young-men-and-women
#11
Michael C Bazaco, Mark A Pereira, Stephen R Wisniewski, Janice C Zgibor, Thomas J Songer, Jeffrey D Burke, Anthony Fabio
The relationship between perceived neighborhood contentedness and physical activity was evaluated in the Add Health study population. Wave I includes 20,745 respondents (collected between 1994 and 1995) and wave II includes 14,738 (71 %) of these same students (collected in 1996). Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate this relationship in both wave I and wave II of the sample. Higher levels of Perceived Neighborhood Contentedness were associated with higher reports of physical activity in both males and females and in both waves...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798761/preventable-hospitalization-rates-and-neighborhood-poverty-among-new-york-city-residents-2008-2013
#12
Angelica Bocour, Maryellen Tria
Knowing which demographic groups have higher rates of preventable hospitalizations can help identify geographic areas where improvements in primary care access and quality can be made. This study assessed whether preventable hospitalization rates by neighborhood poverty decreased from 2008 to 2013 and whether the gap between very high and low poverty neighborhoods changed. We examined trends in age-adjusted preventable hospitalization rates and rate ratios by neighborhood poverty overall and by sex using JoinPoint regression...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761683/the-association-of-minority-self-rated-health-with-black-versus-white-gentrification
#13
Joseph Gibbons, Michael S Barton
There exists controversy as to the impact gentrification of cities has on the well-being of minorities. Some accuse gentrification of causing health disparities for disadvantaged minority populations residing in neighborhoods that are changing as a result of these socioeconomic shifts. Past scholarship has suggested that fears of displacement and social isolation associated with gentrification lead to poorer minority health. However, there is a lack of research that directly links gentrification to minority health outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752825/harnessing-technology-and-citizen-science-to-support-neighborhoods-that-promote-active-living-in-mexico
#14
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726051/community-schools-a-public-health-opportunity-to-reverse-urban-cycles-of-disadvantage
#15
Catherine Diamond, Nicholas Freudenberg
Community schools link students, families, and communities to educate children and strengthen neighborhoods. They have become a popular model for education in many US cities in part because they build on community assets and address multiple determinants of educational disadvantage. Since community schools seek to have an impact on populations, not just the children enrolled, they provide an opportunity to improve community health. Community schools influence the health and education of neighborhood residents though three pathways: building trust, establishing norms, and linking people to networks and services...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718048/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-primary-health-care-usual-points-of-access-and-temporal-trends-in-a-major-us-urban-area
#16
Mustafa Hussein, Ana V Diez Roux, Robert I Field
Neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES), an overall marker of neighborhood conditions, may determine residents' access to health care, independently of their own individual characteristics. It remains unclear, however, how the distinct settings where individuals seek care vary by neighborhood SES, particularly in US urban areas. With existing literature being relatively old, revealing how these associations might have changed in recent years is also timely in this US health care reform era. Using data on the Philadelphia region from 2002 to 2012, we performed multilevel analysis to examine the associations of neighborhood SES (measured as census tract median household income) with access to usual sources of primary care (physician offices, community health centers, and hospital outpatient clinics)...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714491/early-sex-work-initiation-and-violence-against-female-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#17
Angela M Parcesepe, Kelly L L'Engle, Sandra L Martin, Sherri Green, Chirayath Suchindran, Peter Mwarogo
Between 20 and 40 % of female sex workers (FSWs) began sex work before age 18. Little is known concerning whether early initiation of sex work impacts later experiences in adulthood, including violence victimization. This paper examines the relationship between early initiation of sex work and violence victimization during adulthood. The sample included 816 FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya, recruited from HIV prevention drop-in centers who were 18 years or older and moderate-risk drinkers. Early initiation was defined as beginning sex work at 17 or younger...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704384/neighborhood-context-and-preterm-delivery-among-african-american-women-the-mediating-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#18
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Carmen Giurgescu, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra Caldwell, Dawn Misra
Preterm delivery (PTD), or birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is a serious public health issue, and racial disparities persist. In a recently published study, perceptions of the residential environment (or neighborhood context) were associated with PTD rates among urban African American women with low educational attainment (≤12 years); however, the mechanisms of these associations are unknown. Given this gap in the literature, we used data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study of postpartum African American women from Metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (2009-2011; n = 399), to examine whether psychosocial factors (depressive symptomology, psychological distress, and perceived stress) mediate associations between perceptions of the neighborhood context and PTD...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699581/mental-and-physical-health-among-homeless-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-a-major-urban-us-city
#19
Annesa Flentje, Armando Leon, Adam Carrico, Debbie Zheng, James Dilley
Sexual and gender minorities have been shown to have greater rates of mental health, substance use disorders, and specific types of health problems compared to heterosexuals. Among the homeless population in several US urban areas, sexual and gender minorities are overrepresented but few studies have examined the mental and physical health status of homeless sexual and gender minorities, with studies on homeless gender minorities being particularly hard to find. Using survey data obtained from the city and county of San Francisco (2015 Homeless Survey), this study examined differences in causes of homelessness, physical and mental health problems, and domestic violence among homeless sexual and gender minorities and their heterosexual and cisgender (i...
December 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653385/physical-and-or-cognitive-impairment-out-of-pocket-spending-and-medicaid-entry-among-older-adults
#20
Amber Willink, Karen Davis, Cathy Schoen, Jennifer Wolff
While Medicare provides health insurance coverage for those over 65 years of age, many still are underinsured, experiencing substantial out-of-pocket costs for covered and non-covered services as a proportion of their income. Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), this study found that being underinsured is a significant predictor of entering into Medicaid coverage over a 16-year period. The rate of entering Medicaid was almost twice as high for those who were underinsured and with physical and/or cognitive impairment than those who were not, while supplemental health insurance reduced the rate of entering Medicaid by 30 %...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
journal
journal
33027
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"