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Nature Neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988070/author-correction-hippocampus-driven-feed-forward-inhibition-of-the-prefrontal-cortex-mediates-relapse-of-extinguished-fear
#1
Roger Marek, Jingji Jin, Travis D Goode, Thomas F Giustino, Qian Wang, Gillian M Acca, Roopashri Holehonnur, Jonathan E Ploski, Paul J Fitzgerald, Timothy Lynagh, Joseph W Lynch, Stephen Maren, Pankaj Sah
In the version of this article initially published, the traces in Fig. 1j and in Fig. 1k, right, were duplicated from the corresponding traces in Fig. 1c, bottom, and Fig. 1d, bottom right. The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
July 9, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988069/the-maternal-vaginal-microbiome-partially-mediates-the-effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-offspring-gut-and-hypothalamus
#2
Eldin Jašarević, Christopher D Howard, Kathleen Morrison, Ana Misic, Tiffany Weinkopff, Phillip Scott, Christopher Hunter, Daniel Beiting, Tracy L Bale
Early prenatal stress disrupts maternal-to-offspring microbiota transmission and has lasting effects on metabolism, physiology, cognition, and behavior in male mice. Here we show that transplantation of maternal vaginal microbiota from stressed dams into naive pups delivered by cesarean section had effects that partly resembled those seen in prenatally stressed males. However, transplantation of control maternal vaginal microbiota into prenatally stressed pups delivered by cesarean section did not rescue the prenatal-stress phenotype...
July 9, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976964/publisher-correction-learning-by-neural-reassociation
#3
Matthew D Golub, Patrick T Sadtler, Emily R Oby, Kristin M Quick, Stephen I Ryu, Elizabeth C Tyler-Kabara, Aaron P Batista, Steven M Chase, Byron M Yu
In the version of this article initially published, equation (10) contained cos Θ instead of sin Θ as the bottom element of the right-hand vector. The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
July 5, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29967466/author-correction-selective-synaptic-remodeling-of-amygdalocortical-connections-associated-with-fear-memory
#4
Yang Yang, Dan-Qian Liu, Wei Huang, Juan Deng, Yangang Sun, Yi Zuo, Mu-Ming Poo
In the version of this article initially published, Fig. 7f purported to show an example of a multi-synapse spine. However, the structure in question included a mitochondrion and microtubules, meaning that it was actually a segment of dendritic shaft. A new image showing an example of a bona fide spine has been substituted. The legend has been changed to state that the image shows two boutons rather than three. The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article. The original and corrected figures are shown in the accompanying Author Correction...
July 2, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950670/synaptic-n-6-methyladenosine-m-6-a-epitranscriptome-reveals-functional-partitioning-of-localized-transcripts
#5
Daria Merkurjev, Wan-Ting Hong, Kei Iida, Ikumi Oomoto, Belinda J Goldie, Hitoshi Yamaguti, Takayuki Ohara, Shin-Ya Kawaguchi, Tomoo Hirano, Kelsey C Martin, Matteo Pellegrini, Dan Ohtan Wang
A localized transcriptome at the synapse facilitates synapse-, stimulus- and transcript-specific local protein synthesis in response to neuronal activity. While enzyme-mediated mRNA modifications are known to regulate cellular mRNA turnover, the role of these modifications in regulating synaptic RNA has not been studied. We established low-input m6 A-sequencing of synaptosomal RNA to determine the chemically modified local transcriptome in healthy adult mouse forebrains and identified 4,469 selectively enriched m6 A sites in 2,921 genes as the synaptic m6 A epitranscriptome (SME)...
June 27, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950669/a-3d-human-triculture-system-modeling-neurodegeneration-and-neuroinflammation-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Joseph Park, Isaac Wetzel, Ian Marriott, Didier Dréau, Carla D'Avanzo, Doo Yeon Kim, Rudolph E Tanzi, Hansang Cho
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by beta-amyloid accumulation, phosphorylated tau formation, hyperactivation of glial cells, and neuronal loss. The mechanisms of AD pathogenesis, however, remain poorly understood, partially due to the lack of relevant models that can comprehensively recapitulate multistage intercellular interactions in human AD brains. Here we present a new three-dimensional (3D) human AD triculture model using neurons, astrocytes, and microglia in a 3D microfluidic platform. Our model provided key representative AD features: beta-amyloid aggregation, phosphorylated tau accumulation, and neuroinflammatory activity...
June 27, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950668/dorsal-tegmental-dopamine-neurons-gate-associative-learning-of-fear
#7
Florian Groessl, Thomas Munsch, Susanne Meis, Johannes Griessner, Joanna Kaczanowska, Pinelopi Pliota, Dominic Kargl, Sylvia Badurek, Klaus Kraitsy, Arash Rassoulpour, Johannes Zuber, Volkmar Lessmann, Wulf Haubensak
Functional neuroanatomy of Pavlovian fear has identified neuronal circuits and synapses associating conditioned stimuli with aversive events. Hebbian plasticity within these networks requires additional reinforcement to store particularly salient experiences into long-term memory. Here we have identified a circuit that reciprocally connects the ventral periaqueductal gray and dorsal raphe region with the central amygdala and that gates fear learning. We found that ventral periaqueductal gray and dorsal raphe dopaminergic (vPdRD) neurons encode a positive prediction error in response to unpredicted shocks and may reshape intra-amygdala connectivity via a dopamine-dependent form of long-term potentiation...
June 27, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950667/modeling-alzheimer-s-disease-brains-in-vitro
#8
Christopher M Henstridge, Tara L Spires-Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942040/author-correction-microglial-immune-checkpoint-mechanisms
#9
Aleksandra Deczkowska, Ido Amit, Michal Schwartz
In the version of this article initially published, the annotation accompanying ref. 47 ended with "though the modulation of microglia." The first word of this phrase should have been "through." The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
June 25, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942039/investigating-large-scale-brain-dynamics-using-field-potential-recordings-analysis-and-interpretation
#10
REVIEW
Bijan Pesaran, Martin Vinck, Gaute T Einevoll, Anton Sirota, Pascal Fries, Markus Siegel, Wilson Truccolo, Charles E Schroeder, Ramesh Srinivasan
New technologies to record electrical activity from the brain on a massive scale offer tremendous opportunities for discovery. Electrical measurements of large-scale brain dynamics, termed field potentials, are especially important to understanding and treating the human brain. Here, our goal is to provide best practices on how field potential recordings (electroencephalograms, magnetoencephalograms, electrocorticograms and local field potentials) can be analyzed to identify large-scale brain dynamics, and to highlight critical issues and limitations of interpretation in current work...
June 25, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942038/stressing-the-other-paraventricular-nucleus
#11
Kurt M Fraser, Patricia H Janak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942037/the-mysterious-origins-of-microglia
#12
Florent Ginhoux, Sonia Garel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915196/publisher-correction-inhibitory-circuit-gating-of-auditory-critical-period-plasticity
#13
Anne E Takesian, Luke J Bogart, Jeff W Lichtman, Takao K Hensch
In the version of this article initially published online, the wrong version of Fig. 5 was used. There were errors in the statistical comparison brackets in Fig. 5c and the left-hand error bar in Fig. 5f. The errors have been corrected in the print, PDF and HTML versions of this article. In the version of this article initially published online and in print, the wrong version of Fig. 3h was used. There was a slight error in the alignment of the traces in the top right panel. The error has been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of this article...
June 18, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915195/optimization-of-interneuron-function-by-direct-coupling-of-cell-migration-and-axonal-targeting
#14
Lynette Lim, Janelle M P Pakan, Martijn M Selten, André Marques-Smith, Alfredo Llorca, Sung Eun Bae, Nathalie L Rochefort, Oscar Marín
Neural circuit assembly relies on the precise synchronization of developmental processes, such as cell migration and axon targeting, but the cell-autonomous mechanisms coordinating these events remain largely unknown. Here we found that different classes of interneurons use distinct routes of migration to reach the embryonic cerebral cortex. Somatostatin-expressing interneurons that migrate through the marginal zone develop into Martinotti cells, one of the most distinctive classes of cortical interneurons...
June 18, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915194/a-novel-pyramidal-cell-type-promotes-sharp-wave-synchronization-in-the-hippocampus
#15
David L Hunt, Daniele Linaro, Bailu Si, Sandro Romani, Nelson Spruston
To support cognitive function, the CA3 region of the hippocampus performs computations involving attractor dynamics. Understanding how cellular and ensemble activities of CA3 neurons enable computation is critical for elucidating the neural correlates of cognition. Here we show that CA3 comprises not only classically described pyramid cells with thorny excrescences, but also includes previously unidentified 'athorny' pyramid cells that lack mossy-fiber input. Moreover, the two neuron types have distinct morphological and physiological phenotypes and are differentially modulated by acetylcholine...
June 18, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915192/the-locus-coeruleus-drives-disinhibition-in-the-midline-thalamus-via-a-dopaminergic-mechanism
#16
B Sofia Beas, Brandon J Wright, Miguel Skirzewski, Yan Leng, Jung Ho Hyun, Omar Koita, Nicholas Ringelberg, Hyung-Bae Kwon, Andres Buonanno, Mario A Penzo
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) is increasingly being recognized as a critical node linking stress detection to the emergence of adaptive behavioral responses to stress. However, despite growing evidence implicating the PVT in stress processing, the neural mechanisms by which stress impacts PVT neurocircuitry and promotes stressed states remain unknown. Here we show that stress exposure drives a rapid and persistent reduction of inhibitory transmission onto projection neurons of the posterior PVT (pPVT)...
June 18, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892048/thalamic-dual-control-of-sleep-and-wakefulness
#17
Thomas C Gent, Mojtaba Bandarabadi, Carolina Gutierrez Herrera, Antoine R Adamantidis
Slow waves (0.5-4 Hz) predominate in the cortical electroencephalogram during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in mammals. They reflect the synchronization of large neuronal ensembles alternating between active (UP) and quiescent (Down) states and propagating along the neocortex. The thalamic contribution to cortical UP states and sleep modulation remains unclear. Here we show that spontaneous firing of centromedial thalamus (CMT) neurons in mice is phase-advanced to global cortical UP states and NREM-wake transitions...
June 11, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880878/publisher-correction-n-6-methyladenosine-rna-modification-regulates-embryonic-neural-stem-cell-self-renewal-through-histone-modifications
#18
Yang Wang, Yue Li, Minghui Yue, Jun Wang, Sandeep Kumar, Robert J Wechsler-Reya, Zhaolei Zhang, Yuya Ogawa, Manolis Kellis, Gregg Duester, Jing Crystal Zhao
In the version of this article initially published online, there were errors in URLs for www.southernbiotech.com, appearing in Methods sections "m6A dot-blot" and "Western blot analysis." The first two URLs should be https://www.southernbiotech.com/?catno=4030-05&type=Polyclonal#&panel1-1 and the third should be https://www.southernbiotech.com/?catno=6170-05&type=Polyclonal. In addition, some Methods URLs for bioz.com, www.abcam.com and www.sysy.com were printed correctly but not properly linked...
June 7, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875394/publisher-correction-mutations-in-vps15-perturb-neuronal-migration-in-mice-and-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-disease-in-humans
#19
Thomas Gstrein, Andrew Edwards, Anna Přistoupilová, Ines Leca, Martin Breuss, Sandra Pilat-Carotta, Andi H Hansen, Ratna Tripathy, Anna K Traunbauer, Tobias Hochstoeger, Gavril Rosoklija, Marco Repic, Lukas Landler, Viktor Stránecký, Gerhard Dürnberger, Thomas M Keane, Johannes Zuber, David J Adams, Jonathan Flint, Tomas Honzik, Marta Gut, Sergi Beltran, Karl Mechtler, Elliott Sherr, Stanislav Kmoch, Ivo Gut, David A Keays
In the supplementary information PDF originally posted, there were discrepancies from the integrated supplementary information that appeared in the HTML; the former has been corrected as follows. In the legend to Supplementary Fig. 2c, "major organs of the mouse" has been changed to "major organs of the adult mouse." In the legend to Supplementary Fig. 6d,h, "At E14.5 Mbe/Mbe mutants have a smaller percentage of Brdu positive cells in bin 3" has been changed to "At E14.5 Mbe/Mbe mutants have a higher percentage of Brdu positive cells in bin 3...
June 6, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872124/publisher-correction-tdp-43-gains-function-due-to-perturbed-autoregulation-in-a-tardbp-knock-in-mouse-model-of-als-ftd
#20
Matthew A White, Eosu Kim, Amanda Duffy, Robert Adalbert, Benjamin U Phillips, Owen M Peters, Jodie Stephenson, Sujeong Yang, Francesca Massenzio, Ziqiang Lin, Simon Andrews, Anne Segonds-Pichon, Jake Metterville, Lisa M Saksida, Richard Mead, Richard R Ribchester, Youssef Barhomi, Thomas Serre, Michael P Coleman, Justin R Fallon, Timothy J Bussey, Robert H Brown, Jemeen Sreedharan
In the version of this article initially published, the footnote number 17 was missing from the author list for the two authors who contributed equally. Also, the authors have added a middle initial for author Justin R. Fallon and an acknowledgement to the Babraham Institute Imaging Facility and Sequencing Core Facility. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
June 5, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
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