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Journal of ECT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796013/electroconvulsive-therapy-for-depression-comorbid-with-myasthenia-gravis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Mark B Warren, Scott Elder, Norman P Litchfield
OBJECTIVES: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare but well-described autoimmune disease, which is sometimes comorbid with psychiatric illness. There have been several case reports describing the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for the treatment of core psychopathology in the context of MG. We sought to review the available published data on ECT in MG and add another case example to the literature. METHODS: We performed a PubMed search for relevant articles or case reports in English describing ECT in MG and summarized findings...
August 9, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796012/successful-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-a-patient-with-mcardle-disease
#2
Francois-Xavier Robert, Pauline Modica, Guillaume Lagrange, David Delahaye, François Prima, Philippe Vilcoq, Jacques Albanese, Christophe Lançon, Raphaëlle Richieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787312/a-time-out-before-every-electroconvulsive-therapy-treatment-response-to-letter
#3
Bradley Vincent Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767531/catatonia-misdiagnosed-as-dementia
#4
Cuneyt Tegin, George Kalayil, Steven Lippmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767530/the-use-of-ultrabrief-left-unilateral-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-patient-with-cerebral-aneurysms-and-right-sided-encephalomalacia-and-stroke-a-case-report
#5
Ahmed Z Elmaadawi, Shady S Mashaly, Suhayl Nasr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767529/bifrontal-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-patient-with-subcallosal-cingulate-deep-brain-stimulation-for-depression
#6
Joseph Chun Wearn Tham, Andrew Howard, Magdalena Ilcewicz-Klimek, Trevor A Hurwitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767528/should-benzodiazepines-and-anticonvulsants-be-used-during-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#7
Victor M Tang, Akash N Pasricha, Daniel M Blumberger, Daphne Voineskos, Suvercha Pasricha, Benoit H Mulsant, Zafiris J Daskalakis
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical effects of benzodiazepines or anticonvulsant use during a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHOD: A case report study of a patient who received ECT with and without concomitant flurazepam and pregabalin is presented. The literature on the use of benzodiazepines and anticonvulsants during ECT is reviewed. RESULTS: A woman with treatment resistant depression received a course of ECT while taking flurazepam and pregabalin, but seizures were of short duration and symptomatic improvement was minimal...
August 1, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704239/dexmedetomidine-and-post-electroconvulsive-therapy-agitation-scores
#8
Chittaranjan Andrade, David L Streiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658012/use-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-dementia-related-agitation-a-case-series
#9
M Caroline Burton, Sandra L Koeller, Frank M Brekke, Adonye T Afonya, Bruce Sutor, Maria I Lapid
OBJECTIVES: This naturalistic prospective observation study examines the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in treating dementia-related agitation. METHODS: Patients with dementia-related agitation who received ECT were compared with patients with the same condition who did not receive ECT using Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI)-nursing home version, and Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI). Outcomes were compared between ECT-treated and non-ECT-treated patients...
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658011/the-clinical-alliance-and-research-in-electroconvulsive-therapy-network-an-australian-initiative-for-improving-service-delivery-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#10
Donel M Martin, Verònica Gálvez, Shani Lauf, Vanessa Dong, Stephen A Baily, Narcís Cardoner, Herng N Chan, Don Davidson, Johnson Fam, Nick De Felice, Erika Martinez-Amoros, Titus Mohan, Jothi Ramalingam, Shanthi I Sarma, Phern C Tor, Susan Waite, Colleen K Loo
OBJECTIVE: There is currently substantial heterogeneity in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment methods between clinical settings. Understanding how this variation in clinical practice is related to treatment outcomes is essential for optimizing service delivery. The Clinical Alliance and Research in ECT Network is a clinical and research framework with the aims of improving clinical practice, enabling auditing and benchmarking, and facilitating the collection of naturalistic clinical data...
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658010/refractory-catatonia-due-to-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-responsive-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-the-clinical-use-of-the-clock-drawing-test
#11
Michel Medina, Joseph J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658009/is-maintenance-electroconvulsive-therapy-always-an-elective-procedure-weighing-medical-versus-psychiatric-risk
#12
Isobel A Rosenthal, Charles H Kellner
Because of the severe nature of psychiatric illness, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is not always an "elective procedure." The pre-ECT medical evaluation, although important, should not be an impediment to timely ECT. We argue that an arbitrary regulation requiring new assessments every 30 days may be unduly burdensome and unnecessary. The small medical risk of treatment should be weighed against the potential psychiatric risk (including suicide) of delayed treatment.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658008/intravenous-midazolam-as-a-diagnostic-test-for-catatonia
#13
Feras Ali Mustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658013/hippocampal-gray-volumes-increase-in-treatment-resistant-depression-responding-to-vagus-nerve-stimulation
#14
Giulia Ida Perini, Tommaso Toffanin, Giorgio Pigato, Giovanni Ferri, Halima Follador, Filippo Zonta, Carlo Pastorelli, Giulia Piazzon, Luca Denaro, Giuseppe Rolma, Mario Ermani, Domenico DʼAvella
BACKGROUND: Changes in hippocampal gray matter volumes are proposed to be involved in pathogenesis, course, and treatment response of major depressive disorder. Converging evidence suggests that reduced neurogenesis may occur in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a well-defined, long-term brain stimulation treatment for TRD. However, its in vivo positive effect on hippocampal modulation as mechanism of action has never been investigated before in clinical studies...
June 27, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640169/the-use-of-lorazepam-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-catatonia-treatment-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-60-patients
#15
Ahmet Unal, Abdurrahman Altindag, Bahadir Demir, Ihsan Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: Lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are effective treatments for catatonia. However, systematic data on these treatments in catatonia are limited. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and treatment-related characteristics of patients with catatonia who underwent lorazepam and/or ECT. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2016, we received 60 patients with catatonia hospitalized in the Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine Clinic of Psychiatry...
June 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640168/degree-of-postictal-suppression-depends-on-seizure-induction-time-in-magnetic-seizure-therapy-and-electroconvulsive-therapy
#16
Sarah Kayser, Bettina H Bewernick, Martin Soehle, Christina Switala, Sabrina M Gippert, Nadine Dreimueller, Thomas E Schlaepfer
OBJECTIVES: Anesthesia is required for both magnetic seizure therapy (MST) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), although it has anticonvulsant properties. In this case, bispectral index (BIS) monitoring, a specific electroencephalogram-derived monitoring, can be used to find the optimal seizure induction time during anesthesia to elicit adequate seizures. A measurement of seizure adequacy in electroencephalogram is the postictal suppression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of seizure induction time on the degree of postictal suppression by comparing BIS versus no-BIS monitoring in MST and ECT...
June 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640171/changes-in-electroconvulsive-therapy-practice-in-the-last-12-years-in-hungary
#17
Márton Asztalos, Gabor S Ungvari, Gábor Gazdag
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was rarely used in Hungary in 2002, and the majority of patients receiving ECT were diagnosed with schizophrenia. This study aimed to explore the use of ECT in Hungary in 2014. METHODS: Two semi-structured questionnaires were sent to all acute adult psychiatric units in Hungary. The first questionnaire contained items concerning ECT use, and the second explored the reasons for not using ECT. RESULTS: Fifty-eight acute psychiatric inpatient units were identified, and 54 replied...
June 15, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640170/effectiveness-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-associated-cognitive-change-in-schizophrenia-a-naturalistic-comparative-study-of-treating-schizophrenia-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#18
Phern-Chern Tor, Jiangbo Ying, New Fei Ho, Mingyuan Wang, Donel Martin, Chai Pin Ang, Chunzhen Tan, Lee Shen Yap, Vincent John Magat Lu, Brett Simpson, Yee Ming Mok, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVE: There is limited evidence regarding the relative treatment effectiveness and cognitive effects of different types of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. In this study, we sought to determine the overall effectiveness and compare the symptomatic and cognitive outcomes of patients with schizophrenia who received different modalities of ECT treatment. METHODS: Patients received 1 of 4 of the following ECT modalities: bitemporal ECT with age-based dosing, right unilateral ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing, bitemporal ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing, and bifrontal ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing ECT...
June 15, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617691/the-pride-study-and-the-conduct-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-questions-answered-and-unanswered
#19
Keith G Rasmussen
The recently published PRIDE study (prolonging remission in the depressed elderly) constitutes an important contribution to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) technique, from the standpoint of both the index course to treat depressive symptoms and the post-remission continuation period to prevent relapse. This study was probably the last large, National Institute of Mental Health-funded, multisite ECT technical study for some time to come, so extracting clinically relevant recommendations is worthwhile. In this commentary, the author discusses evidence from this trial relevant to several important clinical index and continuation ECT technical issues and elaborates several unanswered questions deserving further consideration...
June 14, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617690/short-and-long-term-cognitive-outcomes-in-patients-with-major-depression-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#20
Megha M Vasavada, Amber M Leaver, Stephanie Njau, Shantanu H Joshi, Linda Ercoli, Gerhard Hellemann, Katherine L Narr, Randall Espinoza
OBJECTIVES: The risk of cognitive impairment is a concern for patients with major depressive disorder receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Here, we evaluate the acute, short-term and long-term effects of ECT on tests of processing speed, executive function, memory, and attention. METHODS: Forty-four patients with major depressive disorder receiving ECT (61% right unilateral, 39% mixed right unilateral-bitemporal, left unilateral, and/or bitemporal lead placement) underwent a cognitive battery prior to ECT (T1), after 2 sessions (T2), and at the end of the index (T3)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of ECT
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