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Journal of ECT

Stevan Nikolin, Olav DʼSouza, Vedran Vulovic, Angelo Alonzo, Nicholas Chand, Vanessa Dong, Donel Martin, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVES: The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is a commonly targeted site using noninvasive brain stimulation techniques. Methods used to localize this site commonly rely on the International 10-20 electroencephalography (EEG) system, including elastic EEG caps, which stretch to accommodate varying head sizes, as well as the Beam F3 algorithm, which uses scalp measurements to calculate the location of the DLPFC. Both methods have been validated against magnetic resonance imaging-based DLPFC localization and are regularly used in research centers and clinics, but an in vivo comparison of reliability has not yet been conducted...
August 14, 2018: Journal of ECT
Charles H Kellner, Sara M Romanella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2018: Journal of ECT
Tsubasa Omi, Hidenori Matsunaga, Koji Kanai, Naoyuki Shiraishi, Yusuke Miyazato, Hiroyuki Sumikura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2018: Journal of ECT
Sara M Romanella, Charles H Kellner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2018: Journal of ECT
James H Lee, Simon Kung, Keith G Rasmussen, Brian A Palmer
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-the criterion standard for the treatment of severe depression-is not as effective when the patient has comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). The ECT outcomes of patients with and without BPD were compared in a retrospective chart review to test this claim. METHODS: We enrolled 137 patients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder who completed the McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder...
August 14, 2018: Journal of ECT
Michael Pellegrini, Maryam Zoghi, Shapour Jaberzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2018: Journal of ECT
Raphaela S Fontana, Frank A Clark, Benjamin Griffeth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Journal of ECT
Joseph J Cooper, Amanda Wachtel, Miriam Redleaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Journal of ECT
Swarndeep Singh, Saurabh Kumar, Ankit Gupta, Rohit Verma, Nand Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment targeting either supplementary motor area (SMA) or orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) among patients with OCD in real-world clinical practice settings. Also, the present study explored for potential predictors of response to rTMS treatment. METHODS: Retrospective review and analysis of records of 79 patients with medication-refractory OCD, all of whom had received 20 sessions of 1-Hz rTMS as part of routine clinical care...
August 7, 2018: Journal of ECT
Samuel H Bailine, Sohag N Sanghani, Georgios Petrides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2018: Journal of ECT
Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Venkataram Shivakumar, Selvaraj Sowmya, Anushree Bose, Hema Nawani, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), a noninvasive brain stimulation technique that uses low-intensity alternating current, has been postulated to be a potential therapeutic option in treating the cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Transcranial alternating current stimulation synchronizes the neural oscillations to the applied stimulation frequency in the stimulated cortical regions. In this report, we have reviewed the literature pertinent to the clinical application of tACS in psychiatric disorders; in addition, we have described the clinical use of online theta tACS in a schizophrenia patient with cognitive deficits...
July 17, 2018: Journal of ECT
Lucia Angela Smith-Martinez, Lauren Nicole Chatham, Purushothaman Muthukanagaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: Journal of ECT
Jian Wang, Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Wei Jiang, Yian-Ping Ren, Chang-Ming Wang, Xin Ma
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder is a prevalent and debilitating condition that afflicts millions of people worldwide. Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) is a promising convulsive neurostimulation treatment for depression with fewer cognitive adverse effects than electroconvulsive therapy. METHODS: A small case series of patients recruited as part of an open-label clinical trial is presented. Patients with depression underwent an accelerated MST protocol (aMST) consisting of 1 treatment per day for 6 consecutive weekdays...
July 3, 2018: Journal of ECT
Marian E Berryhill, Donel Martin
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulatory approach that is affordable, safe, and well tolerated. This review article summarizes the research and clinically relevant findings from meta-analyses and studies investigating the cognitive effects of tDCS in healthy and clinical populations. We recapitulate findings from recent studies where cognitive performance paired with tDCS was compared with performance under placebo (sham stimulation) in single sessions and longitudinal designs where cognitive effects were evaluated following repeated sessions...
September 2018: Journal of ECT
Giordano DʼUrso, Antonio Mantovani, Sara Patti, Elena Toscano, Andrea de Bartolomeis
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety disorders share the basic clinical feature of anxiety, which probably explains their common response to similar pharmacological and psychological interventions. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulation technique that has proved effective in reducing the symptoms of a number of neuropsychiatric disorders. It was also used in healthy subjects to modulate neuropsychological processes that are involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety...
September 2018: Journal of ECT
Maria Concetta Pellicciari, Carlo Miniussi
Cortical excitability modulation and neuroplasticity are considered essential mechanisms for improving clinical and cognitive abilities in neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs). In such context, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) shows great promise for facilitating remodeling of neurosynaptic organization. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of how tDCS is currently used as a neurorehabilitation strategy in some NDDs. We describe results from studies in which tDCS was applied in mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and primary progressive aphasia...
September 2018: Journal of ECT
Colleen K Loo, Donel M Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of ECT
Olivia M Lapenta, Lucas M Marques, Gabriel G Rego, William E Comfort, Paulo S Boggio
The study of addiction and impulsion control disorders has shown that behaviors of seeking and consumption of addictive substances are subserved by neurobiological alterations specifically related to brain networks for reward, stress, and executive control, representing the brain's adaptation to the continued use of an addictive substance. In parallel, studies using neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have demonstrated promising effects in modulating cognitive and motor functions...
September 2018: Journal of ECT
Dennis Q Truong, Marom Bikson
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) devices apply direct current through electrodes on the scalp with the intention to modulate brain function for experimental or clinical purposes. All tDCS devices include a current controlled stimulator, electrodes that include a disposable electrolyte, and headgear to position the electrodes on the scalp. Transcranial direct current stimulation dose can be defined by the size and position of electrodes and the duration and intensity of current applied across electrodes...
September 2018: Journal of ECT
Marine Mondino, Florence Sauvanaud, Jérôme Brunelin
Some 25% to 30% of patients with schizophrenia report auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) that fail to respond adequately to antipsychotic treatments. In such cases, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as a therapeutic option. Here, we aim to provide an exhaustive review of the literature examining the clinical effects of tDCS on AVH in patients with schizophrenia. A systematic search in the PubMed and Web of Science databases yielded 14 results, 7 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 7 open-label studies...
September 2018: Journal of ECT
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