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Journal of ECT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704239/dexmedetomidine-and-post-electroconvulsive-therapy-agitation-scores
#1
Chittaranjan Andrade, David L Streiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658012/use-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-dementia-related-agitation-a-case-series
#2
M Caroline Burton, Sandra L Koeller, Frank M Brekke, Adonye T Afonya, Bruce Sutor, Maria I Lapid
OBJECTIVES: This naturalistic prospective observation study examines the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in treating dementia-related agitation. METHODS: Patients with dementia-related agitation who received ECT were compared with patients with the same condition who did not receive ECT using Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI)-nursing home version, and Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI). Outcomes were compared between ECT-treated and non-ECT-treated patients...
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658011/the-clinical-alliance-and-research-in-electroconvulsive-therapy-network-an-australian-initiative-for-improving-service-delivery-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#3
Donel M Martin, Verònica Gálvez, Shani Lauf, Vanessa Dong, Stephen A Baily, Narcís Cardoner, Herng N Chan, Don Davidson, Johnson Fam, Nick De Felice, Erika Martinez-Amoros, Titus Mohan, Jothi Ramalingam, Shanthi I Sarma, Phern C Tor, Susan Waite, Colleen K Loo
OBJECTIVE: There is currently substantial heterogeneity in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment methods between clinical settings. Understanding how this variation in clinical practice is related to treatment outcomes is essential for optimizing service delivery. The Clinical Alliance and Research in ECT Network is a clinical and research framework with the aims of improving clinical practice, enabling auditing and benchmarking, and facilitating the collection of naturalistic clinical data...
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658010/refractory-catatonia-due-to-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-responsive-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-the-clinical-use-of-the-clock-drawing-test
#4
Michel Medina, Joseph J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658009/is-maintenance-electroconvulsive-therapy-always-an-elective-procedure-weighing-medical-versus-psychiatric-risk
#5
Isobel A Rosenthal, Charles H Kellner
Because of the severe nature of psychiatric illness, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is not always an "elective procedure." The pre-ECT medical evaluation, although important, should not be an impediment to timely ECT. We argue that an arbitrary regulation requiring new assessments every 30 days may be unduly burdensome and unnecessary. The small medical risk of treatment should be weighed against the potential psychiatric risk (including suicide) of delayed treatment.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658008/intravenous-midazolam-as-a-diagnostic-test-for-catatonia
#6
Feras Ali Mustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658013/hippocampal-gray-volumes-increase-in-treatment-resistant-depression-responding-to-vagus-nerve-stimulation
#7
Giulia Ida Perini, Tommaso Toffanin, Giorgio Pigato, Giovanni Ferri, Halima Follador, Filippo Zonta, Carlo Pastorelli, Giulia Piazzon, Luca Denaro, Giuseppe Rolma, Mario Ermani, Domenico DʼAvella
BACKGROUND: Changes in hippocampal gray matter volumes are proposed to be involved in pathogenesis, course, and treatment response of major depressive disorder. Converging evidence suggests that reduced neurogenesis may occur in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a well-defined, long-term brain stimulation treatment for TRD. However, its in vivo positive effect on hippocampal modulation as mechanism of action has never been investigated before in clinical studies...
June 27, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640169/the-use-of-lorazepam-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-catatonia-treatment-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-60-patients
#8
Ahmet Unal, Abdurrahman Altindag, Bahadir Demir, Ihsan Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: Lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are effective treatments for catatonia. However, systematic data on these treatments in catatonia are limited. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and treatment-related characteristics of patients with catatonia who underwent lorazepam and/or ECT. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2016, we received 60 patients with catatonia hospitalized in the Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine Clinic of Psychiatry...
June 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640168/degree-of-postictal-suppression-depends-on-seizure-induction-time-in-magnetic-seizure-therapy-and-electroconvulsive-therapy
#9
Sarah Kayser, Bettina H Bewernick, Martin Soehle, Christina Switala, Sabrina M Gippert, Nadine Dreimueller, Thomas E Schlaepfer
OBJECTIVES: Anesthesia is required for both magnetic seizure therapy (MST) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), although it has anticonvulsant properties. In this case, bispectral index (BIS) monitoring, a specific electroencephalogram-derived monitoring, can be used to find the optimal seizure induction time during anesthesia to elicit adequate seizures. A measurement of seizure adequacy in electroencephalogram is the postictal suppression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of seizure induction time on the degree of postictal suppression by comparing BIS versus no-BIS monitoring in MST and ECT...
June 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640171/changes-in-electroconvulsive-therapy-practice-in-the-last-12-years-in-hungary
#10
Márton Asztalos, Gabor S Ungvari, Gábor Gazdag
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was rarely used in Hungary in 2002, and the majority of patients receiving ECT were diagnosed with schizophrenia. This study aimed to explore the use of ECT in Hungary in 2014. METHODS: Two semi-structured questionnaires were sent to all acute adult psychiatric units in Hungary. The first questionnaire contained items concerning ECT use, and the second explored the reasons for not using ECT. RESULTS: Fifty-eight acute psychiatric inpatient units were identified, and 54 replied...
June 15, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640170/effectiveness-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-associated-cognitive-change-in-schizophrenia-a-naturalistic-comparative-study-of-treating-schizophrenia-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#11
Phern-Chern Tor, Jiangbo Ying, New Fei Ho, Mingyuan Wang, Donel Martin, Chai Pin Ang, Chunzhen Tan, Lee Shen Yap, Vincent John Magat Lu, Brett Simpson, Yee Ming Mok, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVE: There is limited evidence regarding the relative treatment effectiveness and cognitive effects of different types of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. In this study, we sought to determine the overall effectiveness and compare the symptomatic and cognitive outcomes of patients with schizophrenia who received different modalities of ECT treatment. METHODS: Patients received 1 of 4 of the following ECT modalities: bitemporal ECT with age-based dosing, right unilateral ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing, bitemporal ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing, and bifrontal ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing ECT...
June 15, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617691/the-pride-study-and-the-conduct-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-questions-answered-and-unanswered
#12
Keith G Rasmussen
The recently published PRIDE study (prolonging remission in the depressed elderly) constitutes an important contribution to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) technique, from the standpoint of both the index course to treat depressive symptoms and the post-remission continuation period to prevent relapse. This study was probably the last large, National Institute of Mental Health-funded, multisite ECT technical study for some time to come, so extracting clinically relevant recommendations is worthwhile. In this commentary, the author discusses evidence from this trial relevant to several important clinical index and continuation ECT technical issues and elaborates several unanswered questions deserving further consideration...
June 14, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617690/short-and-long-term-cognitive-outcomes-in-patients-with-major-depression-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#13
Megha M Vasavada, Amber M Leaver, Stephanie Njau, Shantanu H Joshi, Linda Ercoli, Gerhard Hellemann, Katherine L Narr, Randall Espinoza
OBJECTIVES: The risk of cognitive impairment is a concern for patients with major depressive disorder receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Here, we evaluate the acute, short-term and long-term effects of ECT on tests of processing speed, executive function, memory, and attention. METHODS: Forty-four patients with major depressive disorder receiving ECT (61% right unilateral, 39% mixed right unilateral-bitemporal, left unilateral, and/or bitemporal lead placement) underwent a cognitive battery prior to ECT (T1), after 2 sessions (T2), and at the end of the index (T3)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594737/safe-treatment-of-a-patient-with-an-ommaya-reservoir-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#14
Mesut Toprak, Rachel B Katz, Robert Ostroff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570500/concurrent-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-bupropion-treatment
#15
Christopher R Takala, Jonathan G Leung, Lauren L Murphy, Jennifer R Geske, Brian A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Bupropion is associated with a dose-dependent increased risk of seizures. Use of concomitant bupropion and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains controversial because of an increased risk of prolonged seizures. This is the first systematic evaluation of the effect of bupropion on ECT. METHODS: A case group (n = 119), patients treated with concomitant ECT and bupropion, was compared with an age and gender frequency-matched control group (n = 261), treated with only ECT...
May 31, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570499/stable-remission-of-multiple-chemical-sensitivity-syndrome-and-major-depression-with-citalopram-and-1-month-deep-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-a-case-report
#16
Antonio Del Casale, Chiara Rapinesi, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Serena Sorice, Alessio Padovano, Giovanna Gentile, Gloria Angeletti, Stefano Ferracuti, Gabriele Sani, Maurizio Pompili, Maurizio Simmaco, Paolo Girardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570498/factors-associated-with-global-variability-in-electroconvulsive-therapy-utilization
#17
Uros Rakita, Kathleen Bingham, Kenneth Fung, Peter Giacobbe
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the social and economic factors that contribute to global variability in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) utilization and to contrast these to the factors associated with antidepressant medication rates. METHODS: Rates of ECT and antidepressant utilization across nations and data on health, social, and economic indices were obtained from multiple international organizations including the World Health Organization and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, as well as from the published literature...
May 31, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570497/a-time-out-before-every-ect-procedure
#18
Alan Michael Weiss, Shane Hansen, Michael Bull, Pequita Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520578/robust-antidepressant-effect-following-alternating-intravenous-racemic-ketamine-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-case-report
#19
Lucie Bartova, Ana Weidenauer, Markus Dold, Angela Naderi-Heiden, Siegfried Kasper, Matthaeus Willeit, Nicole Praschak-Rieder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520577/the-effects-of-remifentanil-on-hemodynamic-response-attenuation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-under-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#20
Feray Erdil, Ulku Ozgul, Mukadder Şanli, Gülay Kayhan, Cemil Çolak, Mahmut Durmuş
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of a single loading dose of remifentanil (1 μg/kg) administered as an adjunct to sevoflurane, on the duration of seizure activity, recovery times, and hemodynamic profiles, during electroconvulsive therapy. METHODS: The patients were randomly allocated to receive sevoflurane-saline (Group SS) or sevoflurane-remifentanil (Group SR). Sevoflurane (8%) was initiated for anesthesia induction in both groups until loss of consciousness was achieved...
May 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
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