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Journal of Oral Science

Stefano Mummolo, Alessandro Nota, Maria Elena De Felice, Domenico Marcattili, Simona Tecco, Giuseppe Marzo
This study investigated differences in periodontal health variables between buccally impacted maxillary canines (BIMC) and palatally impacted maxillary canines (PIMC) after surgical-orthodontic treatment with open technique. Nineteen patients were enrolled: 10 with unilateral BIMC (5 men, 5 women; mean age 18.50 ± 1.96 years) and 9 with unilateral PIMC (4 men, 5 women; mean age 19.44 ± 2.40 years). Probing depth and keratinized tissue were recorded 12 months after surgical-orthodontic treatment, and the differences between the 2 sides were analyzed as primary outcomes...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Hironori Mori, Kazunori Hamamura, Shoyoku Yo, Kosuke Hamajima, Kenji Ootani, Masaki Honda, Kyoko Ishizuka, Hisataka Kondo, Kenjiro Tanaka, Daisuke Kodama, Takao Hirai, Ken Miyazawa, Shigemi Goto, Akifumi Togari
Dental pulp is known to play crucial roles in homeostasis of teeth and periodontal tissue. Although resorption of bone around the roots of nonvital teeth is occasionally observed in clinical practice, little is known about the role of dental pulp in osteoclastogenesis. Here we evaluated the effects of conditioned medium (CM) from rat dental pulp on osteoclastogenesis. It was found that the CM reduced the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinucleated osteoclasts, but did not alter the mRNA levels of nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 and TRAP...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Ryosuke Murayama, Yuko Nagura, Kabun Yamauchi, Nobuyuki Moritake, Masayoshi Iino, Ryo Ishii, Hiroyasu Kurokawa, Masashi Miyazaki, Yumiko Hosoya
We used optical coherence tomography to examine the effect of a coating material containing surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler on primary enamel demineralization in 18 extracted human primary teeth. The pulp was removed, and each tooth was ultrasonically cleaned with distilled water. Six teeth were treated with 0.1-M lactic acid buffer solution (De group). In the second group (n = 6), a thin film of coating material was applied before demineralization (PRG group). A third group (Control group; n = 6) was maintained in artificial saliva...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Takashi Matsuura, Kouji Sugimoto, Viviane K S Kawata-Matsuura, Kajiro Yanagiguchi, Shizuka Yamada, Yoshihiko Hayashi
Once a tooth develops deep caries and the dental pulp tissue is irreversibly infected, the infected dental pulp tissue should be removed, and filling material should be placed in the root canal. Endodontically treated teeth are prone to root fracture or periapical periodontitis; however, dental pulp tissue has the potential to prevent root fracture or periapical periodontitis. Therefore, dental pulp regeneration after pulpectomy may help prolong tooth life. In this study, a new method of dental pulp regeneration was developed...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Moeko Kato, Yasuhiro Namura, Takayuki Yoneyama, Noriyoshi Shimizu
This study investigated the effect of the vertical position of the canine on changes in the frictional/orthodontic (F/O) force ratio of nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) archwires during the initial levelling phase of orthodontic treatment. Frictional and orthodontic forces were measured by using low-friction brackets and Ni-Ti archwires with three different cross-sectional sizes and force types. To simulate canine malocclusion (first premolar extraction case), the upper right canine was displaced gingivally by 1 to 3 mm and the inter-bracket distance between the upper right lateral incisor and second premolar was set at 15 mm or 20 mm...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Ji Hyun Yoo, Seung-Min Lee, Moon Kyoung Bae, Dong Joon Lee, Ching-Chang Ko, Yong-Il Kim, Hyung Joon Kim
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of orthodontic forces (OF) on the proliferation and differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). The experimental sample consisted of 6 premolars extracted from 2 patients. After application of OF for 1 month, the hPDLSCs were separated from the primary cultured PDL cells using magnetic-activated cell sorting. The cell proliferation rate was assessed using a 3-[45-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay. The hPDLSCs were cultured in osteogenic medium, and the osteogenic differentiation was analyzed on day 7 and 14 using alkaline phosphatase staining and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Masaki Tsubokawa, Akira Aoki, Sho Kakizaki, Yoichi Taniguchi, Kenichiro Ejiri, Koji Mizutani, Geena Koshy, Tatsuya Akizuki, Shigeru Oda, Yasunori Sumi, Yuichi Izumi
This study evaluated the effectiveness of swept-source optical coherence tomography (ss-OCT) for detecting calculus and root cementum during periodontal therapy. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) images were taken before and after removal of subgingival calculus from extracted teeth and compared with non-decalcified histological sections. Porcine gingival sheets of various thicknesses were applied to the root surfaces of extracted teeth with calculus and OCT images were taken. OCT images were also taken before and after scaling and root planing (SRP) in human patients...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Jun Lee, Chisato Yamate, Masato Taira, Masamichi Shinoda, Kentaro Urata, Mitsuru Maruno, Reio Ito, Hiroto Saito, Nobuhito Gionhaku, Toshimitsu Iinuma, Koichi Iwata
Prefrontal cortex activity is modulated by flavor and taste stimuli and changes during swallowing. We hypothesized that changes in the modulation of prefrontal cortex activity by flavor and taste were associated with swallowing movement and evaluated brain activity during swallowing in patients with dysphagia. To evaluate prefrontal cortex activity in dysphagia patients during swallowing, change in oxidized hemoglobin (z-score) was measured with near-infrared spectroscopy while dysphagia patients and healthy controls swallowed sweetened/unsweetened and flavored/unflavored jelly...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Serhat Köken, Jelena Juloski, Roberto Sorrentino, Simone Grandini, Marco Ferrari
We investigated the effect of cervical marginal relocation (CMR) on marginal sealing with two different viscosity resin composites, before adhesive cementation of composite computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) overlays. Standardized MOD cavities prepared in 39 human molars were randomly assigned to three groups. The proximal margins on the mesial side were located 1 mm below the cementoenamel junction. On the distal side of the tooth, the margins were located 1 mm above the cementoenamel junction...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Jun Kurihara, Shiro Mori, Mariko Oikawa, Hiroyuki Kumamoto, Tetsu Takahashi
A clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CCEOT) affecting an extraosseous site is described. A 60-year-old male patient presented with gingival swelling on the lingual side of the anterior mandible. The results of biopsy suggested clear cell odontogenic carcinoma, and marginal resection of the mandible was performed. The resected specimen was composed of eosinophilic and clear cells with deposits of amyloid-like material. The clear cells exhibited granules that were positive for PAS...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Saiji Shimoe, Isao Hirata, Mai Otaku, Hideo Matsumura, Koichi Kato, Takahiro Satoda
We investigated the chemical interaction between zirconia surfaces and functional monomers using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Two types of zirconia disks cleaned with piranha solution were treated with one of two phosphate primers (Alloy Primer, Clearfil Ceramic Primer) or a carboxylic primer (Super-Bond C&B Monomer), and rinsed 3 times with acetone. XPS analysis revealed that phosphorus was incorporated into zirconia when the surface was treated with a primer containing phosphate monomer (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate; MDP)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Hiroshi Matoba, Hayato Kanayama, Takafumi Kato, Mohammad Z Hossain, Junichi Kitagawa, Yoshie Takehana, Kazuhiro Yamada, Yuji Masuda
The occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) in guinea pigs is maintained by tooth eruption and grinding. It has been reported that the experimentally raised OVD recovers to the innate OVD within a few days in guinea pigs. However, the mechanisms underlying OVD adjustment are not entirely understood. This study thus aimed to clarify whether the experimentally reduced OVD would recover. Bite-reduced guinea pigs were created by applying bilateral intermaxillary elastics for 10 days. Guinea pigs without elastics were used as a control...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Paulo S Maló, Miguel A de Araújo Nobre, Ana S Ferro, Gonçalo G Parreira
The aim of this study was to compare the 5-year outcome of full-arch mandibular fixed prosthetic rehabilitation using the All-on-4 concept in smoking and nonsmoking patients. This retrospective cohort study included 200 patients (n = 100 smokers, n = 100 nonsmokers), 119 women and 81 men, with an average age of 53.7 years, rehabilitated in immediate function with 800 implants. Implant cumulative survival rate estimation (Kaplan-Meier with log-rank test) and marginal bone resorption (MBR) at 5 years (Mann-Whitney test) were compared between both groups...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Adrian Salinas Fredricson, Farid Khodabandehlou, Carina Krüger Weiner, Aron Naimi-Akbar, Johanna Adami, Annika Rosén
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) involve orofacial pain and functional limitations that may limit important daily activities such as chewing and speaking. This observational case-control study attempted to identify factors associated with TMJD development, particularly inflammation. The study participants were patients treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. The cases were patients who received a diagnosis of TMJD, chronic closed lock, or painful clicking and were treated surgically during the period from 2007 through 2011...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Jia Tang, Takashi Saito
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of laminin-1 (LN-1 or LN-111) on an odontoblast-like cell line, MDPC-23. Wells of non-treated polystyrene plates were coated with various concentrations of LN-1 (0.1, 1, 10, and 100 µg/mL) and left to dry for 2 days. Water-coated surfaces were used as controls. MDPC-23 cell proliferation, differentiation and mineralization were evaluated in terms of the CCK-8 assay, ALP activity, real-time RT-PCR and Alizarin red staining. The data indicated that LN-1 promoted the proliferation of MDPC-23 cells in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Yohei Nakayama, Sari Matsui, Keisuke Noda, Mizuho Yamazaki, Yasunobu Iwai, Bernhard Ganss, Yorimasa Ogata
Amelotin (AMTN) is induced upon initiation of apoptosis by transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFβ1) and is mediated by Smad3 in gingival epithelial cells (GE1 cells). This upregulation of AMTN gene expression is temporary, and the mechanism responsible is still unclear. The present study investigated the transcriptional downregulation of TGFβ1-induced AMTN gene expression in GE1 cells during the progression of apoptosis. To examine time-dependent changes in the levels of AMTN, Smad3 and Bax mRNA induced by TGFβ1, real-time PCR analyses were performed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Hisashi Suguro, Osamu Takeichi, Makoto Hayashi, Teinosuke Okamura, Akiko Hira, Yoriyuki Hirano, Bunnai Ogiso
Transparent epoxy resin root canal models were used to evaluate vertical condensation techniques for obturating lateral canals. The root canal model was configured with a straight main root canal and four right-angled lateral canals at 1.0 and 3.0 mm from the apex. Root canal obturation was performed with Thermafil, Obtura II, or NT condenser. Obturation volume in lateral canals was measured by three-dimensional microcomputed tomography, and one-way analysis of variance was used to analyze differences between groups...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Rantaro Kamimura, Mohammad Z Hossain, Shumpei Unno, Hiroshi Ando, Yuji Masuda, Kojiro Takahashi, Masanori Otake, Isao Saito, Junichi Kitagawa
Current therapeutics are not effective for orofacial neuropathic pain, and better options are needed. The present study used inferior orbital nerve (ION)-injured mice to investigate the effect of inhibiting monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), an enzyme that degrades the major endocannabinoid 2-arachydonoylgycerol (2-AG) in orofacial neuropathic pain. The head-withdrawal threshold to mechanical stimulation of the whisker pad was reduced on days 3, 5, and 7 after ION injury. Injection of JZL184, a selective inhibitor of MAGL, on day 7 after ION injury attenuated the reduction in head-withdrawal threshold at 2 h after administration...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Tetsuro Watase, Kohei Shimizu, Hiroki Komiya, Kinuyo Ohara, Koichi Iwata, Bunnai Ogiso
A study was conducted to evaluate the mechanisms underlying ectopic orofacial pain associated with tooth pulp inflammation in rats. We observed a significant decrease in the head withdrawal threshold (HWT) response to mechanical and heat stimuli applied to the ipsilateral facial skin upon application of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the upper first molar (M1TP) in comparison to application of vehicle. A large number of trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons showed transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) immunoreactivity (IR), and some of them were retrogradely labeled with fluorogold injected into the facial skin...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Ilda P Ribeiro, Joana M Rodrigues, Alexandra Mascarenhas, Nadezda Kosyakova, Francisco Caramelo, Thomas Liehr, Joana B Melo, Isabel M Carreira
Oral carcinoma develops from squamous epithelial cells by the acquisition of multiple (epi) genetic alterations that target different genes and molecular pathways. Herein, we performed a comprehensive genomic and epigenetic characterization of the HSC-3 cell line through karyotyping, multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization, array comparative genomic hybridization, and methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. HSC-3 turned out to be a near-triploid cell line with a modal number of 61 chromosomes...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
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