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Australasian Journal on Ageing

Jeromey B Temple, Margaret Kelaher, Yin Paradies
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and context of racism self-reported by older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. METHODS: The 2015 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Survey was used to measure the prevalence, contexts and demographic differences in reports of racism. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association of age with racism in later life. RESULTS: A sizeable minority of older Aboriginal people reported experiences of unfair treatment (31%) and avoidance (15%), oftentimes occurring in contexts critical to human capital investments...
January 10, 2019: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Elinor Millar, Jason Gurney, James Stanley, Jeannine Stairmand, Cheryl Davies, Kelly Semper, Anthony Dowell, Ross Lawrenson, Dee Mangin, Diana Sarfati
OBJECTIVE: To understand the challenges managing medication use and knowledge of people living with multimorbidity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 234 adults with multimorbidity, identified using retrospective hospital discharge data. Participants were recruited from two primary health organisations in New Zealand. RESULTS: Three quarters of participants (75%) were prescribed four or more medications, and one in four (27%) were prescribed eight or more medications...
December 16, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Bernadette P Sexton, Nicholas F Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of seated exercise on impairment, activity and participation levels of older adults living with a health condition or impairment. METHODS: A systematic search of health databases combined concepts of seated exercise and controlled trials. Selected trials were appraised for quality and results synthesised by calculating standardised mean differences (SMD) and conducting meta-analyses where appropriate. RESULTS: Fourteen randomised controlled trials met inclusion criteria...
December 13, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Essi Huhtinen, Emma Quinn, Isabel Hess, Zeina Najjar, Leena Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceived barriers to the implementation of the Australian national guidelines on influenza outbreak management with Sydney Local Health District (SLHD) residential aged care facility (RACF) staff. METHODS: All SLHD RACFs were invited to participate in a telephone interview. The questionnaire collected information about demographic characteristics and participants' level of agreement with statements regarding perceived barriers to implementing the national guidelines for influenza outbreak management...
December 10, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Rosemary Helen Gibson, Philippa Helen Gander
OBJECTIVES: Gold-standard overnight polysomnography does not reliably capture highly variable sleep patterns across the 24-hour day that are common with dementia and often problematic for carers. We evaluated the reliability of automatically scored actigraphy data as an alternative. METHODS: Actigraphy recordings were analysed from 15 community-dwelling people with dementia (135 days total) and 14 of their family carers (124 days total). Manual scoring used participant sleep diaries to identify sleep periods...
December 7, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Sandra H South
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Linda McAuliffe, Deirdre Fetherstonhaugh, Michael Bauer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent and scope of written policies about sexuality and sexual health for older people living in Australian residential aged care facilities. METHODS: Postal survey sent to all 2766 Australian residential aged care facilities. Respondents were asked to indicate whether the facility had written policies on sexuality and sexual health and to return copies. Content analysis was performed on policies returned. RESULTS: Surveys were returned by 1094 facilities...
December 5, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Crystle T Cotingting, Zenas Harvey L Apal, Mark Benjamin M Franco, Patrick Nicolo Mari G Lozano, Ellen Mae C Quion, Clinton S Tang, Jhason John J Cabigon
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to study, using Andersen's Behavioral Model, factors affecting health service utilisation among older Filipinos. METHODS: A total of 237 older people from Marikina City, Philippines, were randomly selected and surveyed face-to-face on factors affecting health service utilisation, specifically age, civil status, educational level, employment status, sex, health insurance coverage, household income, chronic disease status and perceived health status...
November 16, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Sharifah Munirah Syed Elias, Andrea Petriwskyj, Theresa Scott, Christine Neville
OBJECTIVE: To explore how older people with loneliness, anxiety and depression experience a spiritual reminiscence therapy (SRT) program and to explore its acceptability within the Malaysian population. METHODS: Unstructured observations and a focus-group discussion were carried out with 18 participants involved in a six-week SRT program in a residential care facility in Kuala Lumpur. RESULTS: Analysis revealed four themes: (i) Enthusiastic participation; (ii) Connections across boundaries; (iii) Expressing and reflecting; and (iv) Successful use of triggers...
November 13, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Lorna Moxham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Eamonn M Eeles, Renee England, Aurelia Armstrong, Donna Pinsker, Shaun Pandy, Andrew Teodorczuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Angela Vivanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Philip Taylor, Christopher McLoughlin, Catherine Earl
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to increase understanding of the nature and prevalence of discriminatory experiences in the workplace, focusing on issues of age and gender. METHODS: The concept of everyday discrimination was operationalised in a survey of a representative sample of Australian workers. RESULTS: It was observed that overall, experiences of everyday discrimination were rare. Among men, such experiences declined with age, whereas for women almost no age differences were observed...
December 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Claudia Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Hui-Ching Lee, Marilyn Johnson, Lyndal Bugeja, Sjaan Koppel, Derek Chong, Joseph E Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To examine fatal road transport crashes of residential aged care facility (RACF) residents to determine crash characteristics and risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a retrospective national cohort of RACF resident deaths notified to Australian coroners. INCLUSION CRITERIA: death occurred between 1 July 2000 and 30 June 2013; mechanism classified as 'transport injury event'; and completed coronial investigation. Descriptive statistical analyses were conducted on crash characteristics and risk factors...
October 16, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Hiroshi Saito, Yuya Matsue, Makoto Suzuki, Kentaro Kamiya, Yuki Hasegawa, Yoshiko Endo, Yuri Negishi, Miki Hirano, Kumi Takanashi, Hiromi Iizuka, Akihiko Matsumura, Yuji Hashimoto
OBJECTIVES: Although cognitive impairment is common among patients with chronic heart failure (HF), the accuracy with which caregivers can recognize it is unknown. This study aimed to examine the degree to which subjective and objective evaluations coincide. METHODS: Cognitive function was evaluated subjectively and objectively in 184 hospitalized patients aged 65 or older (82 ± 7.2 years old and 49% male) with HF, who were divided into three groups: (i) normal; (ii) mild cognitive impairment; and (iii) severe cognitive impairment...
October 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Elita Santosaputri, Kate Laver, Timothy To
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of interventions, delivered by geriatrics-trained staff for nursing home residents, in reducing hospitalisation. METHODS: Multiple databases and clinical trial registers were searched. Studies that provided comparative data and involved residents aged ≥65 years evaluating patient-level interventions delivered by geriatrics-trained staff were included. The systematic review protocol was made available on PROSPERO (registration number CRD42017079928; www...
October 7, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jennifer M Gibney, Frederick A Wright, Mario D'Souza, Vasi Naganathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an oral health therapist daily oral hygiene intervention, compared with the same routine performed by nurses with some dental support, can improve the oral health of older inpatients. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at two tertiary referral hospitals with three phases: (i) pre-intervention (PI) usual oral care; (ii) oral health therapist intervention (OHTI); and (iii) nurse-led intervention (NI). Oral health was assessed with the Oral Health Assessment Tool...
October 7, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Belinda Cash, Jeni Warburton, Suzanne Hodgkin
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the intersection of marriage and caregiving amongst older spousal caregivers in regional Australia. Specifically, we address the research question: 'How do expectations of informal care impact spousal caregivers in later life?' METHODS: These comprise interpretive qualitative in-depth interviews in order to understand the lived experience of caregiving within the context of long-term marriage. RESULTS: Findings highlight the complexity and diversity of marital relationships as the context of informal care...
October 3, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Sharon Parry, Marilyn Chow, Frances Batchelor, Robyn E Fary
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels in independently mobile older adults with and without dementia living in residential aged care. METHODS: Sedentary behaviour and physical activity were measured in 37 residents of an aged care facility using an accelerometer worn during waking hours for five days. RESULTS: Participants with valid accelerometer data (n = 28) spent 85% of the time sedentary, and 12% in low-intensity, 2% in light-intensity and 1% in moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity...
October 3, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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