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Australasian Journal on Ageing

Hui-Ching Lee, Marilyn Johnson, Lyndal Bugeja, Sjaan Koppel, Derek Chong, Joseph E Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To examine fatal road transport crashes of residential aged care facility (RACF) residents to determine crash characteristics and risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a retrospective national cohort of RACF resident deaths notified to Australian coroners. INCLUSION CRITERIA: death occurred between 1 July 2000 and 30 June 2013; mechanism classified as 'transport injury event'; and completed coronial investigation. Descriptive statistical analyses were conducted on crash characteristics and risk factors...
October 16, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Hiroshi Saito, Yuya Matsue, Makoto Suzuki, Kentaro Kamiya, Yuki Hasegawa, Yoshiko Endo, Yuri Negishi, Miki Hirano, Kumi Takanashi, Hiromi Iizuka, Akihiko Matsumura, Yuji Hashimoto
OBJECTIVES: Although cognitive impairment is common among patients with chronic heart failure (HF), the accuracy with which caregivers can recognize it is unknown. This study aimed to examine the degree to which subjective and objective evaluations coincide. METHODS: Cognitive function was evaluated subjectively and objectively in 184 hospitalized patients aged 65 or older (82 ± 7.2 years old and 49% male) with HF, who were divided into three groups: (i) normal; (ii) mild cognitive impairment; and (iii) severe cognitive impairment...
October 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Elita Santosaputri, Kate Laver, Timothy To
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of interventions, delivered by geriatrics-trained staff for nursing home residents, in reducing hospitalisation. METHODS: Multiple databases and clinical trial registers were searched. Studies that provided comparative data and involved residents aged ≥65 years evaluating patient-level interventions delivered by geriatrics-trained staff were included. The systematic review protocol was made available on PROSPERO (registration number CRD42017079928; www...
October 7, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jennifer M Gibney, Frederick A Wright, Mario D'Souza, Vasi Naganathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an oral health therapist daily oral hygiene intervention, compared with the same routine performed by nurses with some dental support, can improve the oral health of older inpatients. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at two tertiary referral hospitals with three phases: (i) pre-intervention (PI) usual oral care; (ii) oral health therapist intervention (OHTI); and (iii) nurse-led intervention (NI). Oral health was assessed with the Oral Health Assessment Tool...
October 7, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Belinda Cash, Jeni Warburton, Suzanne Hodgkin
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the intersection of marriage and caregiving amongst older spousal caregivers in regional Australia. Specifically, we address the research question: 'How do expectations of informal care impact spousal caregivers in later life?' METHODS: These comprise interpretive qualitative in-depth interviews in order to understand the lived experience of caregiving within the context of long-term marriage. RESULTS: Findings highlight the complexity and diversity of marital relationships as the context of informal care...
October 3, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Sharon Parry, Marilyn Chow, Frances Batchelor, Robyn E Fary
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels in independently mobile older adults with and without dementia living in residential aged care. METHODS: Sedentary behaviour and physical activity were measured in 37 residents of an aged care facility using an accelerometer worn during waking hours for five days. RESULTS: Participants with valid accelerometer data (n = 28) spent 85% of the time sedentary, and 12% in low-intensity, 2% in light-intensity and 1% in moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity...
October 3, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Colette Dignam, Margaret Brown, Campbell H Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2011 and 2017 documentation of resuscitation decisions in older patients, including the frequency and clarity of documentation. METHODS: The clinical case notes of 130 patients aged 70 years and over were examined to identify how resuscitation decisions are discussed and documented at a major teaching hospital. Results were compared to 2011 data. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with a documented order significantly increased, from 34 to 63%, with a concurrent increased number of patients identified as Not For Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Not for CPR)...
September 21, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Olivia Farrer, Letizia Sasanelli, Louisa Matwiejczyk, Alison Yaxley, Michelle Miller
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore how dietitians could work with cooks and chefs to contribute to best practice. METHODS: Data from interviews and focus groups comprising 38 chefs, cooks and food service managers were analysed. Inductive line-by-line coding of transcripts was conducted within a critical realist framework. Coding was completed independently by two authors before reaching consensus on themes. RESULTS: Four main themes emerged: (i) knowledge sharing; (ii) communication; (iii) collaboration; and (iv) accessibility...
September 17, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Suzanne M Dyer, Emmanuel S Gnanamanickam, Enwu Liu, Craig Whitehead, Maria Crotty
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cognitive status of Australians living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) and whether or not a dementia diagnosis was recorded. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 541 residents of 17 RACFs spanning four states. Examination of cognitive status by Psychogeriatric Assessment Scale Cognitive Impairment Scale (PAS-Cog) and dementia diagnosis from medical records. RESULTS: The study population included 65% of residents with a diagnosis of dementia recorded, and 83% had a PAS-Cog score of four or more indicating likely cognitive impairment...
September 6, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Raphael M Ritti-Dias, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot de Matos, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Fabio Nasri, Nelson Wolosker, Maria Luiza Monteiro Costa, Fabio Gazelato de Mello Franco
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the factors associated with low health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older people living in Brazil. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of the Jewish community residing in Sao Paulo, Brazil, we extensively evaluated the characteristics - including clinical, functional and sociodemographic - of 496 older people. Quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), while the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used to measure depressive symptoms...
August 31, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jonine Jancey, Anne-Marie Holt, Andy H Lee, Deborah A Kerr, Ellen Hart, Suzanne Robinson, Annie S Anderson, Andrew P Hills, Peter Howat
OBJECTIVE: This process evaluation aimed to determine participants' perceptions of the strategies utilised in a six-month intervention that set out to improve physical activity and nutrition in retirement village (RV) residents. METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from intervention participants residing in 17 RVs located in Perth, Western Australia, via self-report questionnaires (n = 139) and semi-structured interviews (n = 16). RESULTS: Intervention resources were moderately useful and suitable...
August 27, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Aye Su Mon, Chrys Pulle, Jack Bell
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition after hip fracture is recognised as the co-morbidity most likely to impact hospital length of stay and cost. Despite this, the role of enteral tube feeding in hip fracture patients remains unclear. METHODS: A modified Delphi process was used to establish consensus for an enteral tube feeding decision support tool. Three rounds of the Delphi survey were administered to a purposeful sample of twenty multidisciplinary clinicians from the Australian and New Zealand Hip Fracture Registry...
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Keryn Curtis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Ying Ma, Zhi Hu, Xia Qin, Ruoling Chen, Yanfei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of insomnia and identify the socio-economic correlates of insomnia among older people of Anhui Province of China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 3045 randomly selected consenting residents aged 60 and older from Anhui Province during 2013. Insomnia was assessed using the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). Data collected included: (i) demographics; (ii) socio-economic status; (iii) social support; (iv) social contact; and (v) social capital...
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jane Sims
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Hal Kendig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Mi Sook Kim, Dong-Soo Shin, SookNyeo Kim
OBJECTIVES: Older Korean people's admission to long-term care (LTC) hospitals is increasing. This study aimed to investigate one-year mortality and related factors among older patients admitted to a LTC hospital. METHODS: Medical records of 330 patients admitted to a LTC hospital in 2014 were reviewed. Factors related to death were identified using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: About 35% of the patients died within a year, and their average length of survival was 42...
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Steven Baker, Jeni Warburton, Jenny Waycott, Frances Batchelor, Thuong Hoang, Briony Dow, Elizabeth Ozanne, Frank Vetere
OBJECTIVES: There are growing concerns that social isolation presents risks to older people's health and well-being. Thus, the objective of the review was to explore how technology is currently being utilised to combat social isolation and increase social participation, hence improving social outcomes for older people. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted across the social science and human-computer interaction databases. RESULTS: A total of 36 papers met the inclusion criteria and were analysed using a four-step process...
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Peta S Cook, Anthea Vreugdenhil, Brienna Macnish
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of an innovative intergenerational art event showcasing retirement village life on attendees' understandings of older adults and ageing. METHODS: A survey of 93 art event attendees was conducted immediately after 16 sessions of the event (78% response rate). Respondents reported on their event experience and its impact on their understandings of older adults and attitudes towards ageing. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) used to test for differences between age groups (18-34, 35-64 and 65+ years)...
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jiyoung Kang, Cheolhwan Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between urinary incontinence (UI) and physical frailty (PF). METHODS: The study participants (n = 404) who visited the geriatric clinic were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of UI based on questionnaire results. We analysed the relationship between each factor associated with PF and the risk of UI according to the number of factors associated with PF. RESULTS: Urinary incontinence was associated with grip strength and history of falls (P = 0...
September 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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