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Australasian Journal on Ageing

Michael J Annear
OBJECTIVES: Best-evidence dementia knowledge has the potential to improve care practices in aged care settings, although limited research has explored understanding among the Japanese workforce. This study examines the knowledge of dementia and educational needs among aged care professionals across Japan. METHODS: An online survey methodology was used to assess the dementia experiences and knowledge among a national, random sample of 117 Japanese aged care professionals...
March 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Sanka Amadoru, Jo-Anne Rayner, Rajni Joseph, Paul Yates
OBJECTIVE: To investigate decision-making around hospital transfer and/or referral of residents to a Residential InReach (RiR) service in north-eastern metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, from the perspectives of residential aged care facility (RACF) staff, general practitioners (GPs) and RiR registered nurses (RNs). METHODS: Thirty-one staff from eight RACFs, five GPs and four RiR RNs participated in individual or group interviews. RESULTS: Residential aged care facility staff and GPs valued and relied upon RiR to manage unwell residents...
February 24, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Aparna Arjunan, Nancye M Peel, Ruth E Hubbard
OBJECTIVES: The measurement of frailty using a Frailty Index (FI) has been criticised as too time-consuming for use in hospital settings. We aimed to assess the feasibility and characteristics of an FI derived from routinely collected data. METHODS: A total of 258 participants aged 65 and older were included in a single-centre prospective cohort study conducted in inpatient geriatric rehabilitation wards. The functional independence measure (FIM™), medication count and comorbidities were coded as deficits...
February 10, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jeromey B Temple, Ruth Williams
OBJECTIVE: Given recent rises in out-of-pocket health expenses, we examined the financial well-being of older Australians with multiple health conditions and disabilities. METHODS: The 2014 General Social Survey was used to measure the: (i) current financial position; (ii) propensity to experience financial difficulties; and (iii) types of behaviours older people with multiple health conditions engage in to improve financial resilience. RESULTS: Compared to older Australians with no health conditions, respondents with multiple health conditions had lower incomes and assets and a higher propensity to hold consumer debt (once controls were included)...
February 10, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Junjie Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the pathways by which social networking sites (SNSs) can improve older people's life satisfaction. METHODS: We conducted an online survey in China that lasted eight weeks. Respondents were required to report their demographic characteristics and feelings regarding SNS use. Data were analysed using SPSS 20 and Amos 21. RESULTS: We collected 596 valid samples. The empirical results show that SNS use improves older people's life satisfaction by reducing their loneliness and improving their self-efficacy...
January 31, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Ken Gw Teo, Mark Tacey, Edwina Holbeach
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether non-English-speaking background (NESB) patients had a poorer understanding of diagnosis and medications compared to English-speaking background (ESB) patients. METHODS: English-speaking background and NESB patients admitted to inpatient geriatric evaluation and management (GEM) unit were asked standardised questions about their admission diagnosis, reason for GEM admission and medications. Accuracy of answers, as compared to medical notes, ranked as 'full credit', 'partial credit' or 'no credit'...
January 28, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Krystal Shu Yi Chung, Eleena Shi Lynn Lee, Jia Qi Tan, Dylan Jin Hao Teo, Chris Ban Loong Lee, Sharifah Rose Ee, Sam Kim Yang Sim, Chew Sim Chee
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of Playback Theatre on older adults' cognitive function and well-being, specifically in the Singapore context. METHODS: Eighteen healthy older adults, older than 50 years of age, participated in the study. Due to practical limitations, a single-group pre-post study design was adopted. Participants completed the outcome measures before and after the training program. There were six weekly sessions in total (about 1...
January 17, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jane Anderson-Wurf, Catherine Harding, Alexa Seal
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study explored whether individual goal setting in a retirement village setting could improve strategies to strengthen bones in an ageing population and help prevent osteoporosis. METHODS: A two-phased osteoporosis prevention program was developed, piloted and evaluated involving a group education session followed by the development of individualised Bone Plans based upon personal understanding of individual fracture risk and lifestyle factors...
January 16, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Lucio Naccarella, Clare Newton, Alan Pert, Kurt Seemann, Ruth Williams, Kate Sellick, Briony Dow
OBJECTIVES: This research explored residential aged care (RAC) workplace design features that influence how RAC staff feel valued, productive, safe, like they belong and connected. A secondary aim was to validate emerging themes about RAC design features with stakeholders. METHODS: A multistage qualitative study was conducted in one RAC facility with 100 residents in outer metropolitan Melbourne: (i) photo-elicitation - photographs were used to prompt discussions with RAC staff; (ii) individual interviews with RAC directors; and (iii) validity testing with the advisory committee occurred...
January 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Mark Ag Wilson, Susan E Kurrle, Ian Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to review the literature around Australian medical student attitudes towards older people. METHODS: An Ovid cross-search and SCOPUS search were performed using keywords such as 'Attitude', 'Medical Student' and 'Aged or Older or Elderly'. RESULTS: Several recent studies have investigated the attitudes of Australian medical students towards older people. Baseline attitudes at two medical schools were positive...
January 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Mark Q Thompson, Olga Theou, Jonathon Karnon, Robert J Adams, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To examine frailty prevalence in Australian older adults. METHODS: Frailty was measured using a modified Fried Frailty Phenotype (FFP) in a combined cohort of 8804 Australian adults aged ≥65 years (female 86%, median age 80 (79-82) years) from the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing Project and the North West Adelaide Health Study. RESULTS: Using the FFP, 21% of participants were frail while a further 48% were prefrail. Chi-squared testing of frailty among four age groups (65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-84 years) for sex, and marital status revealed that frailty was significantly higher for women (approximately double that of men), increased significantly with advancing age for both sexes, and was significantly higher for women who were widowed, divorced or never married...
January 5, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Qiukui Hao, Xiaoyi Hu, Linlin Xie, Jing Chen, Jiaojiao Jiang, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with sarcopenia in a sample of older inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three acute geriatric wards in 2012. Sarcopenia was defined according to the criteria of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. RESULTS: We included 407 patients aged 81.0 ± 8.0 years. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 31% in the whole study population. Multiple logistic regression showed that being a female (odds ratio (OR) 4...
January 5, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Trish Tillson, Maheswaran Rohan, Peter J Larmer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the discharge destination for older adults can be predicted using functional mobility as measured by the Modified Elderly Mobility Scale (MEMS), associated with demographic and primary reason for admission variables. METHODS: A retrospective cohort population audit of 257 patients admitted and discharged from four tertiary older adult rehabilitation wards in a three-month period. A number of predictor variables were considered alongside the discharge destination...
December 27, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Elizabeth Brooke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Lynne Parkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jane Sims
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Hamish A Jamieson, Helen M Gibson, Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Sally Keeling, Philip J Schluter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the patterns of living arrangements, ethnicity and loneliness amongst older adults (aged 65+ years) living at home. METHODS: National interRAI-HC (International Residential Assessment Instrument-Home Care) assessments conducted between 1 September 2012 and 31 January 2016 were analysed. Analysis focused on the associations between loneliness and both ethnic groups and living arrangements. RESULTS: There were 71 859 eligible participants, with average age 82...
March 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Bruce A Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt, Rebecca Alexander, Brendan Loo Gee
OBJECTIVE: The care of older prisoners is a growing problem. This review examined aged care interventions in prisons. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. A total of 1186 abstracts were screened for inclusion. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included. RESULTS: Two quantitative studies and five qualitative studies examined aged care interventions (n = 7)...
December 6, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Mark Q Thompson, Olga Theou, Solomon Yu, Robert J Adams, Graeme R Tucker, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of frailty and associated factors in the North West Adelaide Health Study (2004-2006) using the Frailty Phenotype (FP) and Frailty Index (FI). METHODS: Frailty was measured in 909 community-dwelling participants aged ≥65 years using the FP and FI. RESULTS: The FP classified 18% of participants as frail and the FI 48%. The measures were strongly correlated (r = 0.76, P < 0.001) and had a kappa agreement of 0...
December 4, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Jeromey B Temple, Peter F McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of variations in mature age labour force participation on labour force outcomes over Australia's recent past (2000-2015) and immediate future (to 2030). METHODS: To estimate the impact of rises in mature age participation on observed labour supply, we utilise demographic decomposition techniques. To examine future labour supply (to 2030), we simulate scenarios utilising a cohort-component projection model. RESULTS: Observed increases in mature age participation between 2000 and 2015 added approximately 786 000 mature age workers to the Australian labour force...
December 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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