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History of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406668/beyond-indifference-and-aversion-the-critical-reception-and-belated-acceptance-of-behavior-therapy-in-france
#1
Rémy Amouroux
In 1960s France, behavior therapy attracted the attention of a group of isolated pioneers largely composed of psychiatrists and some experimental psychologists. At the beginning of the 1970s, after a discreet introduction, the development of this movement provoked an adverse reaction related to the French intellectual context, which was characterized by a taste for psychoanalysis. At the height of the Cold War, this new form of therapy was, moreover, seen as a typical product of American culture, and viewed as a technique for mind control that would be incompatible with French humanist values...
April 13, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406667/b-f-skinner-and-technology-s-nation-technocracy-social-engineering-and-the-good-life-in-20th-century-america
#2
Alexandra Rutherford
Psychologist B. F. Skinner developed and promoted a technology of behavior as the basis for widespread social reform over much of his career. In 1948, he published his behaviorally engineered vision of the good life in his utopian novel Walden Two (Skinner, 1948). Skinner's efforts were part of a much larger social engineering tradition that received one of its fullest expressions in the Technocracy Movement of the 1930s. Fifteen years before Skinner's Walden Two, at the height of the Technocracy Movement's public visibility in the United States, technocrat Harold Loeb (1933/1996) published his utopia, Life in a Technocracy: What It Might Be Like...
April 13, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230389/from-classicism-and-idealism-to-scientific-naturalism-titchener-s-oxford-years-and-their-impact-upon-his-early-intellectual-development
#3
Saulo de Freitas Araujo, Cintia Fernandes Marcellos
Edward Titchener (1867-1927) is one of the most prominent figures in the history of American psychology from the early 20th century. Accordingly, his psychological system-structuralism-has received due attention in the secondary literature. However, a closer look at traditional interpretations of the development of Titchener's ideas reveals a series of missing elements, such as his early studies before going to Leipzig. The central goal of this article is to present the main elements of Titchener's intellectual education in Oxford, thereby showing the influence of the British tradition of the 19th century upon his early intellectual development...
February 23, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150967/note-on-history-of-psychology-in-india-problems-and-prospects
#4
Chetan Sinha, Shayna Fox Lee
Discusses the indigenization movement of psychology in India, which attempts to develop a context sensitive discipline that can understand the concept of mind and human behavior from the cultural perspective. It emphasizes the culturally bound aspects of human nature and uses methods to explore the ways in which culture emerges from history. Given the directions of scientific research, it is not absurd to engage with Western theories. Nevertheless, some Indian psychologists have resisted what they consider the intrusion of modern psychology...
February 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150966/shp-50-years-and-counting
#5
Debra Sue Pate, James L Pate, Shayna Fox Lee
This essay contributes to the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Society for the History of Psychology (SHP) in its earlier form (Division 26 of the American Psychological Association). Ronald Mayer's history of the division is updated by providing a description of some of the noteworthy events and changes in the organization since his publication. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125246/the-little-albert-controversy-intuition-confirmation-bias-and-logic
#6
Nancy Digdon
This article uses the recent controversy about Little Albert's identity as an example of a fine case study of problems that can befall psychologist-historians and historians who are unaware of their tacit assumptions. Because bias and logical errors are engrained in human habits of mind, we can all succumb to them under certain conditions unless we are vigilant in guarding against them. The search for Little Albert suggests 2 persistent issues: (a) confirmation bias and (b) that overconfidence in a belief detracts from reasoning because logical errors are intuitive and seem reasonable...
January 26, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977222/preserving-guilt-in-the-age-of-psychology-the-curious-career-of-o-hobart-mowrer
#7
Corbin Page
O. Hobart Mowrer had one of the most productive and curious careers of any psychologist in the 20th century, despite struggling with severe mental illness and anxiety about his sexuality. Early in his career, he was one of the country's leading experimental psychologists. During the mid-1940s, he became interested in religion and argued that anxiety was caused by repressed guilt that came from real wrongdoing. By the late 1950s, he had abandoned mainstream psychology, arguing that religion had been corrupted by its embrace of psychology and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918186/prison-break-karl-menninger-s-the-crime-of-punishment-and-its-reception-in-u-s-psychology
#8
David C Devonis, Jessica Triggs
In 1968, Karl Menninger, a highly visible and vocal U.S. psychiatrist, published a call to action on prison reform, The Crime of Punishment (Menninger, 1966/1968). This widely circulated book's central idea is that punishment as practiced in penal settings is an injustice amounting to a crime. At the outset, The Crime of Punishment quickly achieved national attention. Within mainstream psychology, its antipunishment message encountered a changed climate in which punishment, thought ineffective during the period 1930 through 1960, was redefined as an effective component in learning...
December 5, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918185/psychological-keys-in-the-study-of-african-american-religious-folk-songs-in-the-early-work-of-howard-w-odum-1884-1954
#9
Marcos José Bernal-Marcos, Jorge Castro-Tejerina, José Carlos Loredo-Narciandi
This study focuses on the analysis of the early work of Howard W. Odum (1884-1954) and the examination of the psychological aspects that marked his reflection on African American music. This analysis reveals many of the aspects that were generically shared by the psychological agenda of the period when analyzing aesthetic experience and activity. Outstanding among these are the relationship of the musical phenomenon with very basic or primary affective-emotional dimensions, the conception of the musical phenomenon as an indicator of the cognitive-affective development of human groups, its expression in the form of cultural and complex intersubjective products, or its possible participation in the technoscientific design of social reform and progress...
December 5, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819432/correction-to-brock-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "THE NEW HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY: Some (Different) Answers to Lovett's Five Questions" by Adrian C. Brock (History of Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 27, 2016, np). There was an error in the 11th paragraph of the Lovett's Five Questions for the New Historians section. The conference paper "The "new" history of science: Implications for philosophy of science" by Rachel Laudan (1992) was wrongly attributed to her husband, Larry Laudan. All versions of this article have been corrected...
November 7, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808532/before-the-boom-readings-and-uses-of-vygotsky-in-argentina-1935-1974
#11
Luciano Nicolás García
This article analyzes, from the standpoint of reception studies and transnational history, the different ways Lev S. Vygotsky's published work in Spanish, English, and Russian was read, discussed, and used in Argentina from 1935 to 1974. This "early" reception primarily involved 2 groups: writers affiliated with the Argentine Communist Party, and individuals without political affiliations who engaged in discussion with Communists. The article argues that Communism, as a cultural tradition and political organization, played a key role in the reception and diffusion of Vygotsky's work...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348573/the-psychologist-as-a-poet-kierkegaard-and-psychology-in-19th-century-copenhagen
#12
Jörgen L Pind
Psychology had an early start at the University of Copenhagen in the first half of the 19th century, where it was taught as the major part of a compulsory course required of all first-year students. Particularly important in the establishment of psychology at the university was Frederik Christian Sibbern, who was professor of philosophy from 1813 to 1870. Sibbern wrote numerous works on psychology throughout his career. In his first book on psychology, Sibbern expressed the view that the ideal psychologist should also be a poet...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336240/empathy-in-the-early-20th-century-moritz-geiger-and-the-importance-of-conceptual-clarification
#13
Massimiliano Aragona
This article discusses Geiger's review of empathy, expressed in a lecture at the IV German Congress of Experimental Psychology in 1910. It deals with the key psychological question of how it is possible to know the minds of others. This question is complex and needs clarification, so Geiger divided it into 3 basic questions: The first is phenomenological (what is the conscious experience of empathy?); the second relates to the psychological function performed by the empathic act; and the third question asks whether and how empathy is acquired during personal development...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336239/professional-reinventions-swedish-psychologists-1990-2010
#14
Peter Skagius, Ann-Charlotte Münger
Since the early 20th century, the Swedish psychology profession has undergone several changes in its essential tasks, epistemological foundations, and social roles. These changes occurred through an ongoing "tuning" with Swedish society, in which the profession strove to appear relevant to society's concerns and problems as well as enroll others to share the profession's goals and aims. Studying the history of the profession can thus shed light on the changing definitions and contours of the psychology profession itself as well as on the organization of the society in which it acts...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213836/the-other-side-of-the-brain-the-politics-of-split-brain-research-in-the-1970s-1980s
#15
Michael E Staub
In the course of the 1970s and 1980s, theories derived from neuropsychological research on the bisected brain came rapidly to achieve the status of common sense in the United States and Canada, inflecting all manner of popular and academic discussion. These theories often posited that the right hemisphere was the seat of creative expression, whereas the left hemisphere housed rationality and language. This article analyzes the political and cultural implications of theories about the split brain. Gender relations, educational reform, management theory, race relations, and countercultural concepts about self-expression all quickly came to be viewed through the lens of left-brain/right-brain neuropsychological research...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149154/the-discontinuity-in-scientific-psychology-at-the-university-of-rome-1907-1947-from-general-psychology-to-psychotechnics
#16
Giorgia Morgese, Giovanni Pietro Lombardo, Alessandra Albani
This article examines the areas of research conducted at the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology of the University of Rome from 1907 to 1947, directed first by Sante De Sanctis (1862-1935), and then, from 1931 on, by Mario Ponzo (1882-1960). The method used to distinguish the topics and areas of research that characterized the Roman School during this period is the textual analysis of the titles of the journal in which studies completed at the laboratory were published, namely, Contributi del Laboratorio di Psicologia sperimentale [Psychological Contributions of the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology]...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797537/from-catalepsy-to-psychical-research-the-itinerary-of-timoth%C3%A3-e-puel-1812-1890
#17
Renaud Evrard, Erika Annabelle Pratte
The physician and botanist Timothée Puel (1812-1890) lived through a pivotal period of psychology (1848-1878), between the academic prohibition of the study of animal magnetism to its disjointed recovery in hypnotism and psychical research. One of his cases of "catalepsy complicated with somnambulism" triggered a lively debate on "extraordinary neuroses" within the young Société médico-psychologique [Medico-psychological Society]. In 1874, Puel founded the Revue de psychologie expérimentale [Journal of Experimental Psychology], the first of its kind in French, which he intended as the vehicle of international interest in psychical research, the scholarly and institutionalized study of "psychism" that prepared the way for the recognition of academic psychology...
October 31, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642807/historiography-affect-and-the-neurosciences
#18
Larry S McGrath
Recent historiography has put to rest debates over whether to address the neurosciences. The question is how? In this article, I stage a dialogue between neurohistory and the history of the emotions. My primary goal is to survey these two clusters and clarify their conceptual commitments. Both center on the role of affect in embodied subjectivity; but their accounts widely diverge. Whereas neurohistorians tend to treat affects as automatic bodily processes, historians of the emotions generally emphasize that affects are meaningful and volitional activities...
September 19, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560130/how-the-launch-of-a-new-journal-in-1904-may-have-changed-the-relationship-between-psychology-and-philosophy
#19
Christopher D Green, Ingo Feinerer
Recent research has used networks of scholarly journal articles to investigate the intellectual structure of the discipline of psychology from the later 1880s to the early 1920s. Here, instead, we examined the networks of philosophical journals that were closely aligned with psychology-The Monist, Philosophical Review, and The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods-between 1890 and 1913. We discovered that, although the first 2 of these journals published a great deal of psychologically relevant material up to 1903, material of that sort seemed to evaporate after the launch of the third journal in 1904...
August 25, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442034/overcoming-our-mutual-isolation-how-historians-and-psychologists-can-work-together
#20
Nadine Weidman
The history of psychology is one of those unusual academic fields pursued by two different groups of scholars in two different institutional locations: psychologist-historians and historians of science. In this concluding reflection on the special issue, I argue for a new kind of relationship between these two professional groups. Neither their consolidation nor their mutual isolation is the best way forward for our small and neglected field. Instead, I imagine a future in which the difference between our professional locations narrows but does not disappear, in which communication and mutual understanding broaden and intensify, but in which the two groups maintain their distinct identities...
August 2016: History of Psychology
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