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History of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756793/the-biosocial-foundation-of-the-early-vygotsky-educational-psychology-before-the-zone-of-proximal-development
#1
Moisés Esteban-Guitart
One of Lev Vygotsky's most widely known concepts in educational psychology is the zone of proximal development (ZPD), which he began to articulate in the last 2 years of his life and work (1933-1934). This article explores an earlier period in Vygotsky's career-well before he developed the concept of the ZPD-when he was actively involved in pedagogy and educational psychology. With reference to the research and teaching that Vygotsky carried out in Gomel and gathered together for publication some years later, this article highlights his initial conception of educational psychology, and then critically reviews four of his ideas from this first period, namely, (a) the pedagogical importance of the learner's individual experience ("ultimately, the child teaches himself"), (b) the pedagogical applications of interest ("from one interest of the child's to a new interest"), (c) the psychological value of play ("games are the child's first school of thought"), and (d) the link between life and education ("ultimately, only life educates")...
May 14, 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745697/-great-aspirations-the-postwar-american-college-counseling-center-correction-to-mccarthy-2014
#2
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Great aspirations: The postwar American college counseling center" by Tom McCarthy ( History of Psychology , 2014[Feb], Vol 17[1], 1-18). In the article, the copyright attribution was incorrect. The copyright is "In the public domain". The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-04967-001.) In the decade after World War II, psychologists, eager to bring the benefits of counseling to larger numbers, convinced hundreds of American colleges and universities to establish counseling centers...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745696/poetry-corner
#3
Eric P Charles
Presents a piece of poetry by A. A. Milne who is now best known as the author of the Winnie the Pooh (1926) book but was quite well reputed before its publication for his plays and his poetry, including collections such as When We Were Very Young (1924). The style of "Veridical Perception" will be familiar to any who have read his work. (PsycINFO Database Record
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745694/the-ab-normal-social-personality-catena-exploring-the-journal-of-abnormal-and-social-psychology-during-the-interwar-years
#4
Ian J Davidson
This article is a cocitation network analysis of The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology ( JASP ) from 1925 to 1942. The analysis was conducted to help shed light on the historical roots of the intellectual and institutional relationships among social, personality, and abnormal psychology. JASP was a main venue for the boundary work of early- to mid-twentieth-century American psychologists. One of the main goals of these various research communities was to appropriate psychoanalytic and sociological concepts into preferred methods and approaches that favored an individualistic, quantifiable, and ultimately normal subject...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745693/pierre-janet-and-the-enchanted-boundary-of-psychical-research
#5
Renaud Evrard, Erika Annabelle Pratte, Etzel Cardeña
Among the founders of French psychology, Pierre Janet (1859-1947) is recognized for both his scientific and institutional roles. The psychology born at the turn of the 20th century was initially partly receptive to, but then engaged in, a battle with the "psychical marvelous," and Janet was no exception. He was involved in the split between psychology and parapsychology (or "metapsychics" in France), developed at that time, playing several successive roles: the pioneer, the repentant, and the gatekeeper...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504777/pluralism-and-heterogeneity-as-criticism-undergraduate-history-and-systems-of-psychology-courses-in-argentinian-psychology-education-1983-2017
#6
Catriel Fierro
Multiple studies have analyzed the aims, resources, and approaches to undergraduate and graduate history of psychology education in several countries. Argentina is one of the countries with the highest historiographical production in Latin America. However, to date, there are no published studies on the collective debates among professionals, institutions, and associations that were instrumental in the development of the historiography of science becoming a mandatory part of the curriculum in Argentinian psychology programs...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400480/through-the-looking-glass-psycinfo-as-an-historical-archive-of-trends-in-psychology
#7
Jeremy Trevelyan Burman
Those interested in tracking trends in the history of psychology cannot simply trust the numbers produced by inputting terms into search engines like PsycINFO and then constraining by date. This essay is therefore a critical engagement with that longstanding interest to show what it is possible to do, over what period, and why. It concludes that certain projects simply cannot be undertaken without further investment by the American Psychological Association. This is because forgotten changes in the assumptions informing the database make its index terms untrustworthy for use in trend-tracking before 1967...
February 5, 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400479/temperamental-workers-psychology-business-and-the-humm-wadsworth-temperament-scale-in-interwar-america
#8
Kira Lussier
This article traces the history of a popular interwar psychological test, the Humm-Wadsworth Temperament Scale (HWTS), from its development in the early 1930s to its adoption by corporate personnel departments. In popular articles, trade magazines, and academic journals, industrial psychologist Doncaster Humm and personnel manager Guy Wadsworth trumpeted their scale as a scientific measure of temperament that could ensure efficient hiring practices and harmonious labor relations by screening out "problem employees" and screening for temperamentally "normal" workers...
February 5, 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400485/the-100th-anniversary-of-the-death-of-julian-ochorowicz-1850-1917
#9
Anna M Ziolkowska
This article talks about the life of Julian Ochorowicz. It encompasses his life as a scientist, psychologist, his works, reputation and other events. In conclusion, this article denotes the relevancy of Ochorowicz's life. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400484/poetry-corner
#10
Shayna Fox Lee
This issue's poem is of historical interest due to its biographical features and celebratory tone, if not for its craft or lyricism per se. It was written by Joyce M. Hoffman for E. G. Boring on the occasion of his eightieth birthday. Division 26 was also founded that year (1966), with Boring named as its honorary first president. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400483/william-james-and-the-heidelberg-fiasco
#11
Horst Gundlach
Urged on by his father to become a physician instead of a painter, William James pursued 3 evasion stratagems. First, to avoid becoming a practitioner, he declared that he wanted to specialize in physiology. Based upon this premise, he left for Germany in the spring of 1867. The second step was giving up general physiology and announcing that he would specialize in the nervous system and psychology. Based upon this premise, he declared that he would go to Heidelberg and study with Helmholtz and Wundt. However, he then deferred going there...
February 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172559/quantification-of-virtue-in-late-medieval-europe
#12
Simon Kemp
Fourteenth century Europe saw a growing interest in quantification. This interest has been well studied by historians of physical sciences, but medieval scholars were also interested in the quantification of psychological qualities. In general, the quantification issues addressed by medieval scholars were theoretical, even (by our standards) mathematical, rather than those of practical measurement. There was recognition that the seriousness of a sin and the penance laid down for it should be proportionate. A number of late medieval scholars were interested in the quantification of caritas, a Latin word that is translatable as charity or loving benevolence...
February 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650182/buried-layers-on-the-origins-rise-and-fall-of-stratification-theories
#13
Martin Wieser
This article presents a historical analysis of the origins, rise, and demise of theories of stratification ( Schichtentheorien ). Following their roots in the ancient metaphysical idea of the "great chain of being," Aristotle's scala naturae , the medieval "Jacob's ladder," and Leibniz's concept of the lex continua, I argue that theories of stratification represent the modern heir to the ancient cosmological idea of a harmonious, hierarchical, and unified universe. Theories of stratification reached their heyday during the interwar period within German academia, proliferating over a vast number of disciplines and rising to special prominence within personality psychology, feeding the hope for a unitary image of the world and of human beings, their biological and mental development, their social organization and cultural creations...
February 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782973/the-digitization-of-the-wundt-estate-at-leipzig-university
#14
Till Meyer, Andreas Mädebach, Erich Schröger
Wilhelm M. Wundt (1832-1920) was one of the most important German scholars of the 19th and early 20th centuries and famously founded the first institute for experimental psychology in Leipzig in 1879. Wundt's institute established a teaching and research facility that attracted a large number of students from all over the world and contributed greatly to the development of modern psychology. Until now, the relatively poor indexing and documentation as well as the difficulty in accessing the Wundt estate has prevented a widespread and comprehensive investigation and consideration of these documents...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782972/-perplexed-in-the-extreme-the-holt-james-controversy-of-1902
#15
Edward J Vinski
Although William James never again reprised his lectures on psychology for teachers at Harvard, he spent most of the 1890s presenting them throughout the country. For all his complaints about them, this was a fine source of income and he used the opportunity to revise and refine them over the rest of the decade. By the end of the 1890s, he was prepared to put the talks down in book form, and turned to his long-time publisher, Henry Holt. The two men first became acquainted with each other when James agreed to write a volume for Holt's American Science series...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782970/review-of-cold-war-freud-psychiatry-in-communist-europe-and-psiquiatr%C3%A3-a-psico%C3%A3-nalisis-y-cultura-comunista-batallas-ideol%C3%A3-gicas-en-la-guerra-fria-psychiatry-psychoanalysis-and-communist-culture-ideological-battles-in-the-cold-war
#16
Marco Innamorati
Reviews the books, Cold War Freud by D. Herzog (2016), Psychiatry in Communist Europe edited by M. Savelli and S. Marks (2015), and Psiquiatría, Psicoánalisis y Cultura Comunista: Batallas Ideológicas en la Guerra Fria [Psychiatry, psychoanalysis and communist culture: Ideological battles in the Cold War] by H. Vezzetti. On the whole, the three books show how the Cold War influenced, in various ways, psychiatric and psychotherapeutic cultures. Beyond the Iron Curtain, as one can perceive from the book edited by Savelli and Marks (2015), politics explicitly set the agenda for the psychological sciences, using them even to invent ad hoc nosologies, useful for purposes related to power...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581306/sandor-rado-american-psychoanalysis-and-the-question-of-bisexuality
#17
Matthew Tontonoz
The Hungarian-born physician and psychoanalyst Sandor Rado (1890-1972), who practiced for most of his career in the United States, played a central role in shaping American psychoanalysts' views toward homosexuality. Historians have pointed to Rado's rejection of Freud's notion of constitutional bisexuality as the key theoretical maneuver that both pathologized homosexuality and inspired an optimistic approach to its treatment. Yet scholarly analysis of the arguments that Rado made for his rejection of bisexuality is lacking...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406668/beyond-indifference-and-aversion-the-critical-reception-and-belated-acceptance-of-behavior-therapy-in-france
#18
Rémy Amouroux
In 1960s France, behavior therapy attracted the attention of a group of isolated pioneers largely composed of psychiatrists and some experimental psychologists. At the beginning of the 1970s, after a discreet introduction, the development of this movement provoked an adverse reaction related to the French intellectual context, which was characterized by a taste for psychoanalysis. At the height of the Cold War, this new form of therapy was, moreover, seen as a typical product of American culture, and viewed as a technique for mind control that would be incompatible with French humanist values...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406667/b-f-skinner-and-technology-s-nation-technocracy-social-engineering-and-the-good-life-in-20th-century-america
#19
Alexandra Rutherford
Psychologist B. F. Skinner developed and promoted a technology of behavior as the basis for widespread social reform over much of his career. In 1948, he published his behaviorally engineered vision of the good life in his utopian novel Walden Two (Skinner, 1948). Skinner's efforts were part of a much larger social engineering tradition that received one of its fullest expressions in the Technocracy Movement of the 1930s. Fifteen years before Skinner's Walden Two, at the height of the Technocracy Movement's public visibility in the United States, technocrat Harold Loeb (1933/1996) published his utopia, Life in a Technocracy: What It Might Be Like...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726441/framing-psychology-as-a-discipline-1950-1999-a-large-scale-term-co-occurrence-analysis-of-scientific-literature-in-psychology
#20
Ivan Flis, Nees Jan van Eck
This study investigated the structure of psychological literature as represented by a corpus of 676,393 articles in the period from 1950 to 1999. The corpus was extracted from 1,269 journals indexed by PsycINFO. The data in our analysis consisted of the relevant terms mined from the titles and abstracts of all of the articles in the corpus. Based on the co-occurrences of these terms, we developed a series of chronological visualizations using a bibliometric software tool called VOSviewer. These visualizations produced a stable structure through the 5 decades under analysis, and this structure was analyzed as a data-mined proxy for the disciplinary formation of scientific psychology in the second part of the 20th century...
July 20, 2017: History of Psychology
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