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History of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726441/framing-psychology-as-a-discipline-1950-1999-a-large-scale-term-co-occurrence-analysis-of-scientific-literature-in-psychology
#1
Ivan Flis, Nees Jan van Eck
This study investigated the structure of psychological literature as represented by a corpus of 676,393 articles in the period from 1950 to 1999. The corpus was extracted from 1,269 journals indexed by PsycINFO. The data in our analysis consisted of the relevant terms mined from the titles and abstracts of all of the articles in the corpus. Based on the co-occurrences of these terms, we developed a series of chronological visualizations using a bibliometric software tool called VOSviewer. These visualizations produced a stable structure through the 5 decades under analysis, and this structure was analyzed as a data-mined proxy for the disciplinary formation of scientific psychology in the second part of the 20th century...
July 20, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714705/professional-psychology-in-germany-national-socialism-and-the-second-world-war
#2
Wolfgang Schönpflug
Hundreds of positions for psychologists were established after the National Socialists seized power in 1933. It has accordingly been asserted that professional psychology in Germany experienced significant growth during the National Socialist period. An analysis of archival materials and of a recent collection of biographies indicates otherwise, however. German psychology, in fact, declined because of systematic persecution and a surge of emigration, a deficit that subsequent cohorts were barely able to make up until 1945...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#3
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714703/localizationism-antilocalizationism-and-the-emergence-of-the-unitary-construct-of-consciousness-in-luigi-luciani-1840-1919
#4
Giorgia Morgese, Giovanni Pietro Lombardo, Vilfredo De Pascalis
This article aims to present the construct of unitary consciousness as it emerged in the work of the Italian physiologist Luigi Luciani (1840-1919). We highlight how Luciani's work, conducted during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, integrated experimental research with the clinical observation of patients, enabling him to develop elaborate theoretical conceptions. From our historical analysis of Luciani's main works, an innovative model of unitary consciousness emerges with respect to his contemporary context...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650182/buried-layers-on-the-origins-rise-and-fall-of-stratification-theories
#5
Martin Wieser
This article presents a historical analysis of the origins, rise, and demise of theories of stratification (Schichtentheorien). Following their roots in the ancient metaphysical idea of the "great chain of being," Aristotle's scala naturae, the medieval "Jacob's ladder," and Leibniz's concept of the lex continua, I argue that theories of stratification represent the modern heir to the ancient cosmological idea of a harmonious, hierarchical, and unified universe. Theories of stratification reached their heyday during the interwar period within German academia, proliferating over a vast number of disciplines and rising to special prominence within personality psychology, feeding the hope for a unitary image of the world and of human beings, their biological and mental development, their social organization and cultural creations...
June 26, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782973/the-digitization-of-the-wundt-estate-at-leipzig-university
#6
Till Meyer, Andreas Mädebach, Erich Schröger
Wilhelm M. Wundt (1832-1920) was one of the most important German scholars of the 19th and early 20th centuries and famously founded the first institute for experimental psychology in Leipzig in 1879. Wundt's institute established a teaching and research facility that attracted a large number of students from all over the world and contributed greatly to the development of modern psychology. Until now, the relatively poor indexing and documentation as well as the difficulty in accessing the Wundt estate has prevented a widespread and comprehensive investigation and consideration of these documents...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782972/-perplexed-in-the-extreme-the-holt-james-controversy-of-1902
#7
Edward J Vinski
Although William James never again reprised his lectures on psychology for teachers at Harvard, he spent most of the 1890s presenting them throughout the country. For all his complaints about them, this was a fine source of income and he used the opportunity to revise and refine them over the rest of the decade. By the end of the 1890s, he was prepared to put the talks down in book form, and turned to his long-time publisher, Henry Holt. The two men first became acquainted with each other when James agreed to write a volume for Holt's American Science series...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782971/society-for-the-history-of-psychology-news
#8
Shayna Fox Lee
Provides brief news of interest to the Society for the History of Psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782970/review-of-cold-war-freud-psychiatry-in-communist-europe-and-psiquiatr%C3%A3-a-psico%C3%A3-nalisis-y-cultura-comunista-batallas-ideol%C3%A3-gicas-en-la-guerra-fria-psychiatry-psychoanalysis-and-communist-culture-ideological-battles-in-the-cold-war
#9
Marco Innamorati
Reviews the books, Cold War Freud by D. Herzog (2016), Psychiatry in Communist Europe edited by M. Savelli and S. Marks (2015), and Psiquiatría, Psicoánalisis y Cultura Comunista: Batallas Ideológicas en la Guerra Fria [Psychiatry, psychoanalysis and communist culture: Ideological battles in the Cold War] by H. Vezzetti. On the whole, the three books show how the Cold War influenced, in various ways, psychiatric and psychotherapeutic cultures. Beyond the Iron Curtain, as one can perceive from the book edited by Savelli and Marks (2015), politics explicitly set the agenda for the psychological sciences, using them even to invent ad hoc nosologies, useful for purposes related to power...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581306/sandor-rado-american-psychoanalysis-and-the-question-of-bisexuality
#10
Matthew Tontonoz
The Hungarian-born physician and psychoanalyst Sandor Rado (1890-1972), who practiced for most of his career in the United States, played a central role in shaping American psychoanalysts' views toward homosexuality. Historians have pointed to Rado's rejection of Freud's notion of constitutional bisexuality as the key theoretical maneuver that both pathologized homosexuality and inspired an optimistic approach to its treatment. Yet scholarly analysis of the arguments that Rado made for his rejection of bisexuality is lacking...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406668/beyond-indifference-and-aversion-the-critical-reception-and-belated-acceptance-of-behavior-therapy-in-france
#11
Rémy Amouroux
In 1960s France, behavior therapy attracted the attention of a group of isolated pioneers largely composed of psychiatrists and some experimental psychologists. At the beginning of the 1970s, after a discreet introduction, the development of this movement provoked an adverse reaction related to the French intellectual context, which was characterized by a taste for psychoanalysis. At the height of the Cold War, this new form of therapy was, moreover, seen as a typical product of American culture, and viewed as a technique for mind control that would be incompatible with French humanist values...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406667/b-f-skinner-and-technology-s-nation-technocracy-social-engineering-and-the-good-life-in-20th-century-america
#12
Alexandra Rutherford
Psychologist B. F. Skinner developed and promoted a technology of behavior as the basis for widespread social reform over much of his career. In 1948, he published his behaviorally engineered vision of the good life in his utopian novel Walden Two (Skinner, 1948). Skinner's efforts were part of a much larger social engineering tradition that received one of its fullest expressions in the Technocracy Movement of the 1930s. Fifteen years before Skinner's Walden Two, at the height of the Technocracy Movement's public visibility in the United States, technocrat Harold Loeb (1933/1996) published his utopia, Life in a Technocracy: What It Might Be Like...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530426/poetry-corner
#13
Shayna Fox Lee
This section briefly presents poetry with a psychology theme. This submission was made by The Cummings Center for the History of Psychology's reference archivist Lizette Royer. Two transcribed poems by Knight Dunlap are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530425/review-of-hermann-lotze-an-intellectual-biography
#14
Horst Gundlach
Reviews the book, Hermann Lotze: An Intellectual Biography by William R. Woodward (see record 2015-31971-000). Lotze (1817-1881), the once-renowned physician, philosopher, and psychologist, as well as professor in Leipzig, Göttingen, and Berlin, was one of the last philosophers who actually planned a system of philosophy. In this book, Woodward has presented the results of his decades-long engagement with Lotze and his personal, intellectual, and political environment. The reviewer believes that any problems with the book, small or not so small, should not divert the attention from the merits Woodward has earned with this energetically researched, insightful work that deserves its place as an excellent stepping stone for reconsidering Lotze's place in the historiography of philosophy and psychology of the 19th century...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530424/the-collection-of-historical-instruments-at-national-taiwan-university
#15
Lothar Spillmann, Su-Ling Yeh, Chien-Chung Chen, Keng-Cheng Liang, Shojiro Sakurai
This article presents three of the historical instruments from the National Taiwan University collection. The instruments were built between 1894 and 1902. The instruments are (1) Meumann's Largest Time Sense Apparatus, (2) Wundt's Pendulum Tachistoscope, and (3) Schumann's Wheel Tachistoscope. It is hoped that the presentation of these three historical instruments will serve a triple purpose: (a) to enable a greater appreciation of achievements of the scientists on whose shoulders we stand; (b) to illustrate the need for the time-consuming task of designing specialized apparatuses for a given experiment, typical at the time; and (c) to encourage a reflection on the mutual relationship between the instruments available, the questions asked, and the experiments done...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530422/the-new-history-of-psychology-ii-some-different-answers-to-watrin-s-four-questions
#16
Adrian C Brock
This article is mainly a response to the article by João Paulo Watrin, "The Ambiguous 'New History of Psychology': Some New Questions to Brock (2017)" (Watrin, 2017), which was itself a reply to my article, "The New History of Psychology: Some (Different) Answers to Lovett's Five Questions" (Brock, 2017). Watrin (2017) suggested that previous writers have conflated the terms "critical history" and "new history." They are said to differ, in that although the former is merely a name for a loose collection of approaches to the history of psychology, the latter involves rhetoric about the historiographical commitments of critical history...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530421/the-ambiguous-new-history-of-psychology-new-questions-for-brock-2017
#17
João Paulo Watrin
In 2006, Benjamin J. Lovett published the first critique of the "new history of psychology" in History of Psychology (Lovett, 2006). The first reply to it, from Adrian C. Brock, did not come until a decade later. The present article answers Brock's (2017) comments by asking new (rhetorical) questions. The author claims that both Lovett and Brock misunderstood the ambiguity of the term "new history," which refers simultaneously to critical narratives in general and to a particular rhetoric about the commitments of critical historiography (e...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530420/for-balance-in-the-historiography-of-psychology-reply-to-brock-2017
#18
Benjamin J Lovett
Adrian Brock (2017) critiques my article (Lovett, 2006) on the new history of psychology. However, his critique repeatedly misrepresents my views. Moreover, he misrepresents the views of some new historians of psychology. I use a variety of examples from his paper to illustrate his misrepresentations, and I reply on each of these points. I conclude by reflecting more broadly on the issues raised by historiographic debates, especially with reference for the future of the history of psychology in psychology departments...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530419/interpersonal-rivalries-gender-and-the-intellectual-and-scientific-making-of-psychoanalysis-in-1940s-britain
#19
Michal Shapira
This article examines the 1940s debates regarding the status and professional orthodoxy of psychoanalysis following Sigmund Freud's death, by exploring the Anna Freud-Melanie Klein Controversial Discussions in the British Psychoanalytical Society. Focusing on the work of now-forgotten analysts Melitta Schmideberg and Edward Glover, and on their relationship with Klein and her supporters, the article reveals how these neglected, yet important, debates were complicated by interpersonal and professional ties, processes of the professionalization, and changing gender norms...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230389/from-classicism-and-idealism-to-scientific-naturalism-titchener-s-oxford-years-and-their-impact-upon-his-early-intellectual-development
#20
Saulo de Freitas Araujo, Cintia Fernandes Marcellos
Edward Titchener (1867-1927) is one of the most prominent figures in the history of American psychology from the early 20th century. Accordingly, his psychological system-structuralism-has received due attention in the secondary literature. However, a closer look at traditional interpretations of the development of Titchener's ideas reveals a series of missing elements, such as his early studies before going to Leipzig. The central goal of this article is to present the main elements of Titchener's intellectual education in Oxford, thereby showing the influence of the British tradition of the 19th century upon his early intellectual development...
February 23, 2017: History of Psychology
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