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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166968/infant-feeding-practices-and-dietary-consumption-of-us-infants-and-toddlers-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2003-2012
#1
Kathleen E Davis, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Lona Sandon
OBJECTIVE: To compare infant and toddler anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes by race/ethnicity and income. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using general linear modelling. Ten years of survey data (2003-2012) were combined to compare anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes from a nationally representative US sample. SETTING: The 2003-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166956/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-india-perspective
#2
Logan Manikam, Ankita Prasad, Abina Dharmaratnam, Christy Moen, Alexandra Robinson, Alexander Light, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in India. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162164/vitamin-d-status-is-associated-with-underweight-and-stunting-in-children-aged-6-36-months-residing-in-the-ecuadorian-andes
#3
Rana R Mokhtar, Michael F Holick, Fernando Sempértegui, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Bertha Estrella, Lynn L Moore, Matthew P Fox, Davidson H Hamer
OBJECTIVE: There is limited knowledge on vitamin D status of children residing in the Andes and its association with undernutrition. We evaluated the vitamin D status of children residing in a low socio-economic status (SES) setting in the Ecuadorian Andes and assessed the association between vitamin D status, stunting and underweight. We hypothesized that children who were underweight would have lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and lower 25(OH)D levels would be associated with a higher risk of stunting...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160186/the-impact-of-urban-gardens-on-adequate-and-healthy-food-a-systematic-review
#4
Mariana T Garcia, Silvana M Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani, Cláudia M Bógus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts on food and nutrition-related outcomes resulting from participation in urban gardens, especially on healthy food practices, healthy food access, and healthy food beliefs, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: The systematic review identified studies by searching the PubMed, ERIC, LILACS, Web of Science and Embase databases. An assessment of quality and bias risk of the studies was carried out and a narrative summary was produced. SETTING: Studies published as original articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 2005 and 2015 were included...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160184/awareness-use-and-information-sources-of-folic-acid-supplementation-to-prevent-neural-tube-defects-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#5
Shumi Yamamoto, Yoshinao Wada
OBJECTIVE: Folic acid supplementation and folate-rich diets are recommended for women of childbearing age worldwide to prevent congenital anomalies. We aimed to determine the current status of folic acid supplementation among pregnant Japanese women and identify means to increase the intake of these supplements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1862 pregnant women who consulted the perinatal centre from September 2014 to December 2015 completed a questionnaire concerning knowledge about folic acid, sources of information and the use of folic acid supplements...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157327/differences-in-the-sodium-content-of-bread-products-in-the-usa-and-uk-implications-for-policy
#6
Kasey J Coyne, Abigail S Baldridge, Mark D Huffman, Katharine Jenner, Dagan Xavier, Elizabeth K Dunford
OBJECTIVE: Americans consume Na in excess of daily recommendations. Most dietary Na comes from packaged foods, and bread is a major contributor. In the UK, national Na reduction strategies contributed to lower Na levels in packaged foods and lower population Na intake. Similar initiatives are emerging in the USA and require surveillance to assess effectiveness. We aimed to examine Na levels in bread products in the USA and compare levels with similar UK products. DESIGN: Na data for bread products were obtained from the US Label Insight Open Data Initiative (n 4466) and the FoodSwitch UK database (n 1651)...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157320/comparison-of-high-and-low-trans-fatty-acid-consumers-analyses-of-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-surveys-before-and-after-product-reformulation
#7
Jayne Hutchinson, Holly L Rippin, Jo Jewell, Joao J Breda, Janet E Cade
OBJECTIVE: The WHO encourages the virtual elimination of artificial trans-fatty acids (TFA), which increase CHD risk. Our UK analysis explores whether voluntary reformulation results in differential TFA intakes among socio-economic groups by determining characteristics of high TFA consumers before and after product reformulation. DESIGN: Food intake was collected by 7d weighed records pre-reformulation and 4d diaries post-reformulation. Sociodemographic characteristics of TFA consumers above the WHO limit, and of the top 10 % of TFA consumers as a percentage food energy, were compared with those of lower TFA consumers...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151382/exposure-and-perceptions-of-marketing-for-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-young-canadians
#8
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to energy drink marketing among youth and young adults, and test perceptions of energy drink advertisements (ads) regarding target audience age and promoting energy drink use during sports. DESIGN: A between-group experiment randomly assigned respondents to view one of four energy drink ads (sport-themed or control) and assessed perceptions of the ad. Regression models examined marketing exposure and perceptions. SETTING: Online survey (2014)...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151371/maternal-depression-symptoms-are-highly-prevalent-among-food-insecure-households-in-ethiopia
#9
Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus, Bilal Shikur Endris, Charlotte Hanlon, Bernt Lindtjørn
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between household food insecurity and maternal depression in Ethiopia. Design/Setting/Subjects In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in southern Ethiopia, including 591 food-secure and 2500 food-insecure households. We measured depression status of women using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 validated for Ethiopia, with a cut-off of ≥5. We evaluated household-level food insecurity using a validated Household Food Insecurity Access Scale...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151370/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-pakistan-perspective
#10
Logan Manikam, Anika Sharmila, Abina Dharmaratnam, Emma C Alexander, Jia Ying Kuah, Ankita Prasad, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in Pakistan. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151369/fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-risk-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#11
Yue Tian, Lijun Su, Jiantao Wang, Xiaolin Duan, Xiubo Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological studies have been performed to evaluate the association of fruit and vegetable consumption with risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the results remain controversial. Thus, we conducted a systematic meta-analysis to assess the associations of fruit or/and vegetable consumption with risk of MetS, separately. DESIGN: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science databases up to July 2017 for relevant available articles. Pooled OR with 95 % CI were calculated with the fixed- or random-effects model...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151367/surveillance-of-the-armed-forces-as-a-sentinel-system-for-detecting-adverse-effects-of-dietary-supplements-in-the-general-population
#12
Harris R Lieberman, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina
OBJECTIVE: Half the US population takes dietary supplements, but surveillance systems available to regulatory and public health authorities to determine whether specific dietary supplements present a risk are inadequate and numerous severe injuries and deaths have occurred from their consumption. Uniformed military personnel regularly use dietary supplements and are more likely to use potentially dangerous supplements than civilians. Recently, the supplement 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA) was marketed for physical performance-enhancement and weight loss...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143716/the-shelf-space-and-strategic-placement-of-healthy-and-discretionary-foods-in-urban-urban-fringe-and-rural-non-metropolitan-australian-supermarkets
#13
Adrian J Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Supermarkets are a key influence on eating behaviours, but it is unknown if the promotion of food within stores varies on a geographic gradient from urban, to urban-fringe and non-metropolitan areas. The present study aimed to assess the shelf space and strategic placement of healthy and discretionary foods in each of urban, urban-fringe and non-metropolitan Australian supermarkets. Design/Setting In-store audits were conducted in stores from one of the two major Australian supermarket chains in urban (n 19), urban-fringe (n 20) and non-metropolitan (n 26) areas of Victoria...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143707/effect-of-multi-micronutrient-fortified-rice-on-cognitive-performance-depends-on-premix-composition-and-cognitive-function-tested-results-of-an-effectiveness-study-in-cambodian-schoolchildren
#14
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khuov Kuong, Richard de Groot, Megan Parker, Kurt Burja, Marjoleine A Dijkhuizen, Sek Sokhom, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
OBJECTIVE: Even though current policy is strongly focused on the crucial first '1000 days', it might be still possible to enhance cognitive function during the pre-adolescent and adolescent years by improving micronutrient status. In Cambodia, nutritional status is poor. Provision of rice fortified with micronutrients through a school meal programme (SMP) could be a cost-effective strategy to help improve health and school performance. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different micronutrient-fortified rice formulations on cognitive function in Cambodian children...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#15
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143691/health-claims-and-product-endorsements-on-child-oriented-beverages-in-guatemala
#16
Andrew Perry, Violeta Chacon, Joaquin Barnoya
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe front-of-package marketing strategies and nutritional quality of child-oriented beverages in Guatemala. DESIGN: We purchased all child-oriented ready-to-drink fruit drinks, milks and carbonated beverages in three convenience stores and one supermarket in Guatemala City. Front-of-package marketing was defined as the presence of spokes-characters, cartoons, celebrities, or health-related images, words, claims or endorsements on beverage packaging...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125096/preliminary-validation-and-piloting-of-a-comprehensive-measure-of-household-food-security-in-australia
#17
Sue Kleve, Danielle Gallegos, Stephanie Ashby, Claire Palermo, Rebecca McKechnie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychometric properties, validity and reliability of a newly developed measure of food insecurity, the Household Food and Nutrition Security Survey (HFNSS), among an Australian population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Metropolitan areas of Melbourne, Australia, identified as very high, high or medium vulnerability in the 2008 Vulnerability Assessment for Mortgage, Petrol and Inflation Risks and Expenditure index...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125093/interrelationship-between-food-security-status-home-availability-of-variety-of-fruits-and-vegetables-and-their-dietary-intake-among-low-income-pregnant-women
#18
Danielle L Nunnery, Jeffrey D Labban, Jigna M Dharod
OBJECTIVE: To (i) determine differences in the availability of variety of fruits and vegetables (F&V) at home by food security status; and (ii) examine the inter-associations between food security status, availability of variety of F&V at home and frequency of F&V intake, among low-income pregnant women. Design/Setting Participants were interviewed to collect food security status, home availability of variety of F&V and frequency of F&V intake. Bivariate analyses, multivariate regression and exploratory mediation analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS Statistics version 23...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125092/monitoring-the-south-african-population-s-salt-intake-spot-urine-v-24-h-urine
#19
Bianca Swanepoel, Aletta E Schutte, Marike Cockeran, Krisela Steyn, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen
OBJECTIVE: The present study set out to determine whether morning spot urine samples can be used to monitor Na (and K) intake levels in South Africa, instead of the 'gold standard' 24 h urine sample. DESIGN: Participants collected one 24 h and one spot urine sample for Na and K analysis, after which estimations using three different formulas (Kawasaki, Tanaka and INTERSALT) were calculated. SETTING: Between 2013 and 2015, urine samples were collected from different population groups in South Africa...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122052/ultra-processing-an-odd-appraisal
#20
Carlos A Monteiro, Geoffrey Cannon, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata B Levy, Maria Laura C Louzada, Patrícia C Jaime
It is now generally agreed that the impact of the current nature, purpose and extent of food processing on human well-being, health and disease needs to be better understood and explained, in order to improve public health. The special issue of Public Health Nutrition devoted to the concept of ultra-processing of food, and the NOVA classification of which ultra-processed foods are one category, is a great step forward in this work. Coincidentally, a polemical 'critical appraisal' of ultra-processing was recently published in another journal...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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