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Public Health Nutrition

Leandro Machín, Alejandra Arrúa, Ana Giménez, María Rosa Curutchet, Joseline Martínez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the influence of two front-of-pack nutrition information schemes (traffic-light system and Chilean warning system) on consumer purchase of ultra-processed foods in a simulated online grocery store. DESIGN: Following a between-subjects design, participants completed a simulated weekly food purchase in an online grocery store under one of three experimental conditions: (i) a control condition with no nutrition information, (ii) a traffic-light system and (iii) the Chilean warning system...
July 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Claire Elizabeth Pulker, Jane Anne Scott, Christina Mary Pollard
OBJECTIVE: To objectively evaluate voluntary nutrition and health claims and marketing techniques present on packaging of high-market-share ultra-processed foods (UPF) in Australia for their potential impact on public health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Packaging information from five high-market-share food manufacturers and one retailer were obtained from supermarket and manufacturers' websites. SUBJECTS: Ingredients lists for 215 UPF were examined for presence of added sugar...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Euridice Martinez Steele, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Daniela Silva Canella, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Geoffrey Cannon
OBJECTIVE: To assess household availability of NOVA food groups in nineteen European countries and to analyse the association between availability of ultra-processed foods and prevalence of obesity. DESIGN: Ecological, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Europe. SUBJECTS: Estimates of ultra-processed foods calculated from national household budget surveys conducted between 1991 and 2008. Estimates of obesity prevalence obtained from national surveys undertaken near the budget survey time...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Maj-Britt Mr Inhulsen, Saskia Ym Mérelle, Carry M Renders
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between parental feeding styles and children's dietary intakes and the modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of parental feeding styles, assessed by the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire, and children's dietary intakes. Multiple regression analyses were carried out to assess the associations between the parental feeding styles studied ('control', 'emotional feeding', 'encouragement to eat' and 'instrumental feeding') and children's dietary intakes (consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB))...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Brittany Cornwell, Eduardo Villamor, Mercedes Mora-Plazas, Constanza Marin, Carlos A Monteiro, Ana Baylin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Amier Haidar, Felicia R Carey, Nalini Ranjit, Natalie Archer, Deanna Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine nutrition label use and dietary behaviours among ethnically diverse middle- and high-school students, in Texas, USA. DESIGN: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) survey is a cross-sectional statewide study using a self-administered questionnaire to assess nutrition and physical activity behaviours. Height and weight measurements were used to determine BMI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations between nutrition label use and dietary behaviours, with gender, grade, ethnicity, BMI, parent education, socio-economic status and nutrition knowledge as covariates...
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Gyorgy Scrinis, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
The nutritional reformulation of processed food and beverage products has been promoted as an important means of addressing the nutritional imbalances in contemporary dietary patterns. The focus of most reformulation policies is the reduction in quantities of nutrients-to-limit - Na, free sugars, SFA, trans-fatty acids and total energy. The present commentary examines the limitations of what we refer to as 'nutrients-to-limit reformulation' policies and practices, particularly when applied to ultra-processed foods and drink products...
July 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Chantal Julia, Lucien Martinez, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVE: Concerns have been raised about the potential health impact of ultra-processed foods (UPF) in the diet. Our objective was to investigate the contribution of UPF in the diet in a large French population and its association with sociodemographic factors and dietary patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of dietary data from 74 470 participants in the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort. UPF were identified in repeated 24 h records and the proportion (in weight) of UPF in the total diet (UPFp) was computed for each participant...
July 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Dorus Wm Gevers, Patricia van Assema, Nanne K de Vries, Stef Pj Kremers
OBJECTIVE: The high energy intake from energy-dense foods among children in developed countries is undesirable. Improving food parenting practices has the potential to lower snack intakes among children. To inform the development of interventions, we aimed to predict food parenting practice patterns around snacking (i.e. 'high covert control and rewarding', 'low covert control and non-rewarding', 'high involvement and supportive' and 'low involvement and indulgent'). DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was conducted...
July 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Kate M Ainscough, Karen L Lindsay, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Eileen R Gibney, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: Antenatal healthy lifestyle interventions are frequently implemented in overweight and obese pregnancy, yet there is inconsistent reporting of the behaviour-change methods and behavioural outcomes. This limits our understanding of how and why such interventions were successful or not. DESIGN: The current paper discusses the application of behaviour-change theories and techniques within complex lifestyle interventions in overweight and obese pregnancy...
July 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Melissa Mialon, Jonathan Mialon
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we used a structured approach based on publicly available information to identify the corporate political activity (CPA) strategies of three major actors in the dairy industry in France. DESIGN: We collected publicly available information from the industry, government and other sources over a 6-month period, from March to August 2015. Data collection and analysis were informed by an existing framework for classifying the CPA of the food industry...
July 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Mathilde Lavigne-Robichaud, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Stéfanie Lantagne-Lopez, Louise Johnson-Down, Malek Batal, Elhadji A Laouan Sidi, Michel Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between three diet quality indices and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Cree (Eeyouch) of northern Québec, Canada, as well as to evaluate their pertinence in this Indigenous context. DESIGN: The alternative-Healthy Eating Index 2010 (aHEI-2010), the Food Quality Score (FQS) and the contribution of ultra-processed products (UPP) to total daily dietary energy intake using the NOVA classification were calculated from 24 h food recalls...
July 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Manuel Carballo, Noureen Khatoon, Elizabeth Catherine Maclean, Nawal Al-Hamad, Anwar Mohammad, Rehab Al-Wotayan, Smitha Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The beneficial role of breast-feeding for maternal and child health is now well established. Its possible role in helping to prevent diabetes and obesity in children in later life means that more attention must be given to understanding how patterns of infant feeding are changing. The present study describes breast-feeding profiles and associated factors in Kuwait. Design/Setting/Subjects Interviews with 1484 recent mothers were undertaken at immunisation clinics across Kuwait...
July 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Caroline Santos Costa, Bianca Del-Ponte, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Iná Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature on the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and body fat during childhood and adolescence. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and LILACS databases. Studies that evaluated the association between consumption of ultra-processed food (exposure) and body fat (outcome) during childhood and adolescence were eligible. SUBJECTS: Healthy children and adolescents...
July 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Siobhan A O'Halloran, Kathleen E Lacy, Julie Woods, Carley A Grimes, Karen J Campbell, Caryl A Nowson
OBJECTIVES: To categorize and assess all foods, beverages and ingredients provided over one week at Australian long day care (LDC) centres according to four levels of food processing and to assess the contribution of Na from each level of processing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Menus for lunch, morning and afternoon snacks were collected from LDC centres. The level of food processing of all foods, beverages and ingredients was assessed utilizing a four-level food processing classification system: minimally processed (MP), processed culinary ingredients (PCI), processed (P) and ultra-processed (ULP)...
June 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Amy L Frith, Shirin Ziaei, Ruchira Tabassum Naved, Ashraful Islam Khan, Iqbal Kabir, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
OBJECTIVE: To determine if exclusive breast-feeding counselling modifies the association of experience of any lifetime or specific forms of domestic violence (DV) on duration of exclusive breast-feeding (EBF). DESIGN: In the MINIMat trial pregnant women were randomized to receive either usual health messages (UHM) or usual health messages with breast-feeding counselling (BFC) in eight visits. During pregnancy (30 weeks), lifetime experience of any or specific forms of DV was measured...
June 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Eric O Verger, Andrew D Jones, Marie-Claude Dop, Yves Martin-Prével
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Elsie Azevedo Perry, Heather Thomas, H Ruby Samra, Shannon Edmonstone, Lyndsay Davidson, Amy Faulkner, Lisa Petermann, Elizabeth Manafò, Sharon I Kirkpatrick
OBJECTIVE: An absence of food literacy measurement tools makes it challenging for nutrition practitioners to assess the impact of food literacy on healthy diets and to evaluate the outcomes of food literacy interventions. The objective of the present scoping review was to identify the attributes of food literacy. DESIGN: A scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature was conducted and attributes of food literacy identified. Subjects included in the search were high-risk groups...
June 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Monica Nour, Zhixian Sui, Amanda Grech, Anna Rangan, Kevin McGeechan, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: To examine intakes and variety of fruit and vegetables consumed by Australian young adults, also assessing differences by meal occasion and sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional 24 h recall data collected through the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Crude means and proportions consuming fruits and vegetables were calculated. Pearson χ 2 tests, Kruskal-Wallis analyses and linear regression models were used to assess differences in mean intakes by age, BMI and sociodemographic variables...
June 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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