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Public Health Nutrition

Simon Wieser, Beatrice Brunner, Christina Tzogiou, Rafael Plessow, Michael B Zimmermann, Jessica Farebrother, Sajid Soofi, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of price subsidies on fortified packaged complementary foods (FPCF) in reducing iodine deficiency, iron-deficiency anaemia and vitamin A deficiency in Pakistani children. DESIGN: The study proceeded in three steps: (i) we determined the current lifetime costs of the three micronutrient deficiencies with a health economic model; (ii) we assessed the price sensitivity of demand for FPCF with a market survey in two Pakistani districts; (iii) we combined the findings of the first two steps with the results of a systematic review on the effectiveness of FPCF in reducing micronutrient deficiencies...
July 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bridget Kelly, Kylie Ball, Bruce Neal, Helen Dixon, Trevor Shilton, Caroline Miller
OBJECTIVE: By clearly conveying the healthiness of a food, front-of-pack (FOP) labels have the potential to influence the portion size considered appropriate for consumption. The present study examined the how the Daily Intake Guide (DIG), Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL) and Health Star Rating (HSR) FOP labels affect judgements of appropriate portion sizes of unhealthy foods compared with when no FOP label is present. DESIGN: Respondents viewed mock packages of unhealthy variations of pizzas, cookies, yoghurts and cornflakes featuring the DIG, MTL, HSR or no FOP label, and indicated the portion size they believed should be eaten of each food on a single occasion...
July 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Vundli Ramokolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Nicole van den Bogerd, Jolanda Maas, Jacob C Seidell, S Coosje Dijkstra
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fruit and vegetable (F&V) intakes of university students and associated demographic and lifestyle characteristics, and students' perceptions of F&V availability and F&V intervention strategies in the university environment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire data were collected; F&V intakes were measured using a food frequency tool. Multivariable linear regression analyses were used to analyse the associations between demographic and lifestyle characteristics and F&V intakes...
July 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Melissa Mialon, Jonathan Mialon
OBJECTIVE: To identify the corporate political activity (CPA) of major food industry actors in France. DESIGN: We followed an approach based on information available in the public domain. Different sources of information, freely accessible to the public, were monitored.Setting/SubjectsData were collected and analysed between March and August 2015. Five actors were selected: ANIA (Association Nationale des Industries Agroalimentaires/National Association of Agribusiness Industries); Coca-Cola; McDonald's; Nestlé; and Carrefour...
July 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Nithya Shankar-Krishnan, Eva Penelo, Albert Fornieles Deu, David Sánchez-Carracedo
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the: (i) internal structure of the Spanish Child Food Security Survey Module (CFSSM-S) with exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (EFA and CFA); (ii) measurement invariance by gender, grade, weight status, socio-economic status (SES) and family affluence; and (iii) relationships with these external variables. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The CFSSM-S and other tools were employed to assess food insecurity, weight status, SES and family affluence, respectively...
July 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Oliver J Canfell, Robyn Littlewood, Olivia Rl Wright, Jacqueline L Walker
OBJECTIVE: To determine the global availability of a multicomponent tool predicting overweight/obesity in infancy, childhood, adolescence or adulthood; and to compare their predictive validity and clinical relevance.Design/SettingThe PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed. The databases PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science and PsycINFO were searched. Additional articles were identified via reference lists of included articles...
July 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Michelle J White, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jared T McGuirt, Karla L Hanson, Emily H Morgan, Jane Kolodinsky, Weiwei Wang, Marilyn Sitaker, Alice S Ammerman, Rebecca A Seguin
OBJECTIVE: To examine perspectives on food access among low-income families participating in a cost-offset community-supported agriculture (CO-CSA) programme. DESIGN: Farm Fresh Foods for Healthy Kids (F3HK) is a multicentre randomized intervention trial assessing the effect of CO-CSA on dietary intake and quality among children from low-income families. Focus groups were conducted at the end of the first CO-CSA season. Participants were interviewed about programme experiences, framed by five dimensions of food access: availability, accessibility, affordability, acceptability and accommodation...
July 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Lynne Chepulis, Jason Hy Wu, Gael Mearns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Mariana Carvalho de Menezes, Ana Victoria Diez Roux, Bruna Vieira de Lima Costa, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of individual and food environmental factors with fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in a city in a low-to-middle-income country (LMIC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Representative sample of the Brazilian Primary Care service known as the Health Academy Program (HAP) in Belo Horizonte, a Brazilian city. SUBJECTS: Using a conceptual model as a guide, individual and food environment data were obtained through: (i) face-to-face interviews with participants aged 20 years or older; and (ii) F&V food store audits...
July 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Xuyang Tang, Mary Ann Honors, Angela R Fertig, Simone A French, Jean Abraham, Lisa Harnack
OBJECTIVE: To examine level of participation and satisfaction with the Healthy Savings Program (HSP), a programme that provides price discounts on healthier foods. DESIGN: For Study 1, a survey was distributed to a random sample of adults who were invited to participate in a version of the HSP that provided a discount for the purchase of fresh produce and discounts on other healthier foods. In Study 2, interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of adults invited to participate in a version of the HSP that provided price discounts on specific products only (no fresh produce discount)...
July 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Leh Shii Law, Sulaiman Norhasmah, Wan Ying Gan, Mohd Taib Mohd Nasir
OBJECTIVE: To examine the types of coping strategies practised by Indigenous women or Orang Asli (OA) in Peninsular Malaysia during times of food shortage and to determine the level of severity for food insecurity that will trigger each specific coping strategy. DESIGN: A qualitative case study was conducted. Pertinent information about each type of coping strategy was gathered by in-depth interviews. To gauge the level of severity for each of the coping strategies, focus group discussions (FGD) were held...
July 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Catherine Laramée, Julie Robitaille, Benoît Lamarche, Simone Lemieux
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative validity of a new, web-based, self-administered 24 h dietary recall, the R24W, for assessment of energy and nutrient intakes among French Canadians. DESIGN: Each participant completed a 3d food record (FR) and the R24W on three occasions over a 4-week period. Intakes of energy and of twenty-four selected nutrients assessed by both methods were compared. SETTING: Québec City metropolitan area. SUBJECTS: Fifty-seven women and fifty men (mean (sd) age: 47·2 (13·3) years)...
July 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Valerie J Flaherman, Shannon Chan, Riya Desai, Fransisca Handy Agung, Hendri Hartati, Fitra Yelda
OBJECTIVE: Although initiating breast-feeding is common in Indonesia, rates of exclusive breast-feeding are low. Our objective was to identify early barriers to exclusive breast-feeding in Indonesian hospitals. DESIGN: Qualitative. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in April-June 2015. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten and West Java. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four participants including public health officials, hospital administrators, health-care professionals and parents...
July 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Rayza Dal Molin Cortese, Suellen Secchi Martinelli, Rafaela Karen Fabri, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença, Suzi Barletto Cavalli
OBJECTIVE: To identify ingredients from products and by-products derived from GM crops in packaged food products and to analyse the presence of these ingredients in the foods most commonly consumed by the Brazilian population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A search of the scientific literature to identify the use of products and by-products derived from GM crops in foods in Brazil and a study of food labels in a supermarket belonging to one of the ten largest supermarket chains in Brazil...
July 4, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Martine Shareck, Daniel Lewis, Neil R Smith, Christelle Clary, Steven Cummins
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between availability of fast-food restaurants and convenience stores in the home and school neighbourhoods, considered separately and together, and adolescents' fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intakes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: East London, UK. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n 3089; aged 13-15 years) from the Olympic Regeneration in East London (ORiEL) Study self-reported their weekly frequency of fast-food and SSB consumption...
July 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Marcus Maringer, Nancy Wisse-Voorwinden, Pieter van 't Veer, Anouk Geelen
OBJECTIVE: The quality of labelled food product databases underlying popular diet applications (apps) with barcode scanners was investigated. DESIGN: Product identification rates for the scanned products and the availability and accuracy of nutrient values were calculated. SETTING: One hundred food products were selected from the two largest supermarket chains in the Netherlands. Using the barcode scanners of the selected apps, the products were scanned and the results recorded as food diary entries...
July 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sue Booth, Andrea Begley, Bruce Mackintosh, Deborah Anne Kerr, Jonine Jancey, Martin Caraher, Jill Whelan, Christina Mary Pollard
OBJECTIVE: The present study explored recipients' perceptions of food charity and their suggested improvements in inner-city Perth, Western Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews were conducted with charitable food service (CFS) recipients. Transcripts were thematically analysed using a phenomenological approach. SETTING: Interviews were conducted at two CFS in inner-city Perth. SUBJECTS: Fourteen adults. RESULTS: The recipients' journeys to a reliance on CFS were varied and multifactorial, with poverty, medical issues and homelessness common...
June 27, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Jessica A Kerr, Alanna N Gillespie, Constantine E Gasser, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: With the intention to inform future public health initiatives, we aimed to determine the extent to which typical childhood dietary trajectories predict adolescent cardiovascular phenotypes. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. Exposure was determined by a 4 d food diary repeated over eight waves (ages 4-15 years), coded by Australian Dietary Guidelines and summed into a continuous diet score (0-14). Outcomes were adolescent (Wave 8, age 15 years) blood pressure, resting heart rate, pulse wave velocity, carotid intima-media thickness, retinal arteriole-to-venule ratio...
June 27, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Andrea L Darling, David J Blackbourn, Kourosh R Ahmadi, Susan A Lanham-New
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D60 years: OR=0·75; 95 % CI 0·65, 0·86) and in those living outside Greater London (OR=0·53 to 0·77), with borderline trends for a lower BMI, higher oily fish intake and higher household income associated with increased odds of vitamin D supplement use. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D supplements were not used by most South Asians and intakes from diet alone are likely to be insufficient to maintain adequate vitamin D status...
June 25, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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