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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805177/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-safety-and-acceptability-of-a-fish-protein-isolate-in-the-nutrition-of-children-under-36-months-of-age
#1
Theresa J Ochoa, Nelly Baiocchi, Gladys Valdiviezo, Vanessa Bullon, Miguel Campos, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a fish protein isolate (FPi), administered over 6 months, on the growth of children aged 6-36 months, measured by Z-scores of height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ), compared with the standard meal without FPi; and to determine the safety and acceptability of FPi daily consumption. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized community-based controlled trial. For 6 months, the centres received either FPi replacing 50 % of total proteins in the diet or standard protein...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803598/adapting-the-standardised-computer-and-interview-based-24-h-dietary-recall-method-globodiet-for-dietary-monitoring-in-latin-america
#2
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Viktoria Knaze, Genevieve Nicolas, Dirce M Marchioni, Josiane Steluti, Aline Mendes, Sandra P Crispim, Regina M Fisberg, Rosangela A Pereira, Marina C Araujo, Rosely Sichieri, Edna M Yokoo, Tania Sánchez-Pimienta, Tania C Aburto, Lilia S Pedraza, Nadia Slimani
OBJECTIVE: The present study describes the procedure and approaches needed to adapt and harmonise the GloboDiet methodology, a computer- and interview-based 24 h dietary recall, for use in two Latin American pilot countries, Brazil and Mexico. DESIGN: About seventy common and country-specific databases on foods, recipes, dietary supplements, quantification methods and coefficients were customised and translated following standardised guidelines, starting from existing Spanish and Portuguese versions...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803597/somali-latino-and-hmong-parents-perceptions-and-approaches-about-raising-healthy-weight-children-a-community-based-participatory-research-study
#3
Chrisa Arcan, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Maira Rosas-Lee, Mai Bao Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants in the USA are confronted with health disparities, including childhood obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. We aimed to identify perceptions of childhood body weight, approaches to raising healthy children and desires for supportive programmes of Somali, Latino and Hmong (SLM) parents in the Twin Cities, Minnesota, USA. DESIGN: Using community-based participatory research, ten focus groups (FG) were conducted with sixty-seven parents (n 28 Somali, three FG; n 19 Latino, four FG; n 20 Hmong, three FG) of 3-12-year-old children in their native language...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803596/associations-of-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-with-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-women
#4
Arja T Erkkilä, Homa Sadeghi, Masoud Isanejad, Jaakko Mursu, Marjo Tuppurainen, Heikki Kröger
OBJECTIVE: Dietary quality in relation to bone health has been analysed in relatively few studies. The current study aimed to assess the association of the Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and the Mediterranean diet (MD) with bone mineral density (BMD) among elderly women. DESIGN: Lumbar, femoral and total body BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and year 3. Dietary intake was measured by 3 d food record at baseline. BSD and MD scores were calculated from food and alcohol consumption and nutrient intake...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803595/vitamin-d-intake-and-risk-of-cvd-and-all-cause-mortality-evidence-from-the-caerphilly-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Jing Guo, John R Cockcroft, Peter C Elwood, Janet E Pickering, Julie A Lovegrove, David I Givens
OBJECTIVE: Prospective data on the associations between vitamin D intake and risk of CVD and all-cause mortality are limited and inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between vitamin D intake and CVD risk and all-cause mortality in the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study. DESIGN: The associations of vitamin D intake with CVD risk markers were examined cross-sectionally at baseline and longitudinally at 5-year, 10-year and >20-year follow-ups...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803594/does-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-reduce-asthma-symptoms-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#6
Maria M Papamichael, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Nugroho H Susanto, Bircan Erbas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present systematic review was to synthesize evidence from the literature to assess efficacy of the Mediterranean dietary pattern in childhood asthma. Design/Setting A systematic search of six databases, three clinical trial registries and hand-search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted up to 29 October 2016. Inclusion criteria included exposure to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, measurement of asthma symptoms and study population of children aged <18 years...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803584/table-talk-development-of-an-observational-tool-to-assess-verbal-feeding-communications-in-early-care-and-education-settings
#7
Taren Swindle, Julie M Rutledge, Belynda Dix, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
OBJECTIVE: Children's dietary intake impacts weight status and a range of short- and long-term health outcomes. Accurate measurement of factors that influence children's diet is critical to the development and evaluation of interventions designed to improve children's diets. The purpose of the current paper is to present the development of the Table Talk observational tool to measure early care and education teachers' (ECET) verbal feeding communications. DESIGN: An observational tool to assess ECET verbal communication at mealtimes was deigned based on the extant literature...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803581/nutrition-facts-panel-use-is-associated-with-diet-quality-and-dietary-patterns-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Grace Kollannoor-Samuel, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Fatma M Shebl, Nicola L Hawley, Grace Damio, Jyoti Chhabra, Sonia Vega-López, Maria Luz Fernandez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to (i) identify determinants of Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP) use and (ii) describe the association between NFP use and dietary intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Baseline cross-sectional data from a clinical trial were used to assess the association between NFP use and dietary intake. Diet was measured using two methods: (i) a diet quality score (the Healthy Eating Index-2010) derived from a single 24 h recall and (ii) dietary pattern (exploratory factor analyses) from an FFQ...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803580/is-aboriginal-nutrition-a-priority-for-local-government-a-policy-analysis
#9
Catherine Helson, Ruth Walker, Claire Palermo, Kim Rounsefell, Yudit Aron, Catherine MacDonald, Petah Atkinson, Jennifer Browne
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore how Australian local governments prioritise the health and well-being of Aboriginal populations and the extent to which nutrition is addressed by local government health policy. DESIGN: In the state of Victoria, Australia, all seventy-nine local governments' public health policy documents were retrieved. Inclusion of Aboriginal health and nutrition in policy documents was analysed using quantitative content analysis...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#10
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789723/first-evaluation-steps-of-a-new-method-for-dietary-intake-estimation-regarding-a-list-of-key-food-groups-in-adults-and-in-different-sociodemographic-and-health-related-behaviour-strata
#11
Luis M Béjar
OBJECTIVE: A new method known as 'current-day dietary recall' (current-day recall) is based on an application for mobile phones called 'electronic 12 h dietary recall' (e-12HR). This new method was designed to rank participants into categories of habitual intake regarding a series of key food groups. The present study compared current-day recall against a previously validated short paper FFQ. DESIGN: Participants recorded the consumption of selected food groups using e-12HR during twenty-eight consecutive days and then filled out a short paper FFQ at the end of the study period...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789722/trends-in-dietary-fat-and-fatty-acid-intakes-and-related-food-sources-among-chinese-adults-a-longitudinal-study-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1997-2011
#12
Xin Shen, Aiping Fang, Jingjing He, Ziqi Liu, Meihan Guo, Rong Gao, Keji Li
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated the intake trends of fatty acids in China. The present study aimed to describe the profile of longitudinal dietary fat and fatty acid intakes and their related food sources in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A longitudinal study using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1997-2011) was conducted. Dietary intake was estimated using 24 h recalls combined with a food inventory for three consecutive days. Linear mixed models were used to calculate the adjusted mean intake values...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789721/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-among-adults-in-cambridgeshire-uk-the-fenland-study
#13
Peter Barrett, Fumiaki Imamura, Søren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural determinants of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a cohort of 9991 adults born between 1950 and 1975. An FFQ was used to assess consumption of beverages and other dietary factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine potential determinants of consuming SSB and ASB (≥1 serving/d)...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789713/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-of-immigrant-background-in-norway
#14
Ahmed A Madar, Thomas E Gundersen, Anne M Haug, Haakon E Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Sufficient vitamin D status during infancy is important for child health and development. Several initiatives for improving vitamin D status among immigrant children have been implemented in Norway. The present study aimed to evaluate the vitamin D status and its determinants in children of immigrant background in Oslo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Child health clinics in Oslo. SUBJECTS: Healthy children with immigrant background (n 102) aged 9-16 months were recruited at the routine one-year check-up from two child health clinics with high proportions of immigrant clients...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789712/effects-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-v-micronutrient-powders-on-nutritional-and-developmental-outcomes-among-peruvian-infants
#15
Susana L Matias, Alejandro Vargas-Vásquez, Ricardo Bado Pérez, Lorena Alcázar Valdivia, Oscar Aquino Vivanco, Amelia Rodriguez Martín, Jose Pedro Novalbos Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) on children's Hb, linear growth and development, compared with supplementation with micronutrient powder (MNP). DESIGN: The study was a two-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial, where participants received either LNS or MNP for daily consumption during 6 months. Supplements were delivered by staff at government-run health centres. Hb, anthropometric, motor development, language development and problem-solving indicators were measured by trained research assistants when children were 12 months of age...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#16
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
August 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774349/maternal-employment-and-childhood-overweight-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Vanessa M Oddo, Noel T Mueller, Keshia M Pollack, Pamela J Surkan, Sara N Bleich, Jessica C Jones-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between maternal employment and childhood overweight in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Design/Setting We utilized cross-sectional data from forty-five Demographic and Health Surveys from 2010 to 2016 (n 268 763). Mothers were categorized as formally employed, informally employed or non-employed. We used country-specific logistic regression models to investigate the association between maternal employment and childhood overweight (BMI Z-score>2) and assessed heterogeneity in the association by maternal education with the inclusion of an interaction term...
August 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768564/exploring-beliefs-about-dietary-supplement-use-focus-group-discussions-with-dutch-adults
#18
Emília Margit Pajor, Anke Oenema, Sander Matthijs Eggers, Hein de Vries
OBJECTIVE: Although dietary supplement use is increasing in Europe and the USA, little research involving adults' beliefs regarding dietary supplements has been conducted. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore and compare users' and non-users' beliefs towards dietary supplements. DESIGN: Thirteen focus group discussions were conducted of which seven groups were dietary supplement users and six groups were non-users. Based on the socio-cognitive factors of the Integrated Change Model, a semi-structured topic guide was set up...
August 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768563/infant-feeding-decisions-and-behaviours-among-low-income-smoke-exposed-women-timing-and-change-during-pregnancy
#19
Patricia Markham Risica, Kristen McCausland
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe change in feeding intentions and predictors of breast-feeding intentions during the course of pregnancy. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from a larger randomized controlled trial of a health education intervention to reduce environmental smoke exposure among women during and after pregnancy. SETTING: Participants were recruited from prenatal clinics, but all further communication occurred with participating women living in the community...
August 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758613/developing-measures-of-food-and-nutrition-security-within-an-australian-context
#20
Claire Archer, Danielle Gallegos, Rebecca McKechnie
OBJECTIVE: To develop a measure of food and nutrition security for use among an Australian population that measures all pillars of food security and to establish its content validity. DESIGN: The study consisted of two phases. Phase 1 involved focus groups with experts working in the area of food security. Data were assessed using content analysis and results informed the development of a draft tool. Phase 2 consisted of a series of three online surveys using the Delphi technique...
July 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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