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Public Health Nutrition

Maryam Barzin, Zahra Piri, Sara Serahati, Majid Valizadeh, Fereidoun Azizi, Farhad Hosseinpanah
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal obesity (AO) is a relative risk factor for cardiovascular events. We aimed to determine the 6-year incidence of AO and its risk factors among Tehranian adults.Design/Setting/SubjectsIn this population-based cohort study, non-abdominally obese participants, aged ≥20 years, were followed for incidence of AO. Cumulative incidence and incidence rate of AO were calculated for each sex. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to determine the association of potential risk factors including age, BMI, dysmetabolic state, smoking, marital status, educational level and physical activity (PA)...
September 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Barend Jc Middelkoop, Jeroen A de Wilde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Christina E Persson, Elisabet Rothenberg, Per-Olof Hansson, Catharina Welin, Elisabeth Strandhagen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the feasibility of a simple new fifteen-item FFQ as a tool for screening risk of poor dietary patterns in a healthy middle-aged population and to investigate how the results of the FFQ correlated with cardiovascular risk factors and socio-economic factors. DESIGN: A randomized population-based cross-sectional study. Metabolic measurements for cardiovascular risk factors and information about lifestyle were collected. A fifteen-item FFQ was created to obtain information about dietary patterns...
September 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Lesya Marushka, Malek Batal, Tonio Sadik, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To describe seafood consumption patterns in First Nations (FN) in British Columbia (BC) and examine lifestyle characteristics associated with seafood consumption; to identify the top ten most consumed seafood species and their contributions to EPA and DHA intake; and to estimate dietary exposure to methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene. DESIGN: Dietary and lifestyle data from the First Nations Food Nutrition and Environment Study, a cross-sectional study of 1103 FN living in twenty-one communities across eight ecozones in BC, Canada, were analysed...
September 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Yannis Manios, Odysseas Androutsos, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Greet Cardon, Jaana Lindstrom, Lieven Annemans, Rocio Mateo-Gallego, Maria Stella de Sabata, Violeta Iotova, Jemina Kivela, Remberto Martinez, Luis A Moreno, Imre Rurik, Peter Schwarz, Tsvetalina Tankova, Stavros Liatis, Konstantinos Makrilakis
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design of the Feel4Diabetes-intervention and the baseline characteristics of the study sample. DESIGN: School- and community-based intervention with cluster-randomized design, aiming to promote healthy lifestyle and tackle obesity and obesity-related metabolic risk factors for the prevention of type 2 diabetes among families from vulnerable population groups. The intervention was implemented in 2016-2018 and included: (i) the 'all-families' component, provided to all children and their families via a school- and community-based intervention; and (ii) an additional component, the 'high-risk families' component, provided to high-risk families for diabetes as identified with a discrete manner by the FINDRISC questionnaire, which comprised seven counselling sessions (2016-2017) and a text-messaging intervention (2017-2018) delivered by trained health professionals in out-of-school settings...
September 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Natasha Figueiredo, Emanuella Gomes Maia, Luiza Eunice Sá da Silva, Fernanda Serra Granado, Rafael Moreira Claro
OBJECTIVE: To analyse trends in sweetened beverages consumption among adults in Brazil between 2007 and 2016. DESIGN: A time-series analysis, with data from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (VIGITEL). The prevalence of regular consumption (≥5 d/week), the average daily consumption (millilitres) and the prevalence of non-consumption of these beverages were analysed. The temporal variations of the indicators were calculated by linear regression...
September 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Chandrakant S Pandav, Kapil Yadav, Harshal R Salve, Rakesh Kumar, Akhil D Goel, Arijit Chakrabarty
OBJECTIVE: The National Iodine and Salt Intake Survey (NISI) 2014-2015 was undertaken to estimate household iodised salt coverage at national and sub-national levels in India. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with multistage stratified random sampling. SETTING: India was divided into six geographic zones (South, West, Central, North, East and North-East) and each zone was further stratified into rural and urban areas to yield twelve distinct survey strata...
September 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Rebecca M Schermbeck, Julien Leider, Elizabeth Piekarz-Porter, Jamie F Chriqui
OBJECTIVE: Experts recommend that products containing artificial sweeteners are not marketed to children or sold at schools. The present study aimed to provide a baseline assessment of the extent to which state laws and local school district wellness policies (LWP) address restrictions on the use of artificial sweeteners in competitive foods and beverages (CF&B) sold at schools. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study of policies in place for the 2014-15 school year...
September 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Nicholas Hutchings, Elena Aghajanova, Sisak Baghdasaryan, Mushegh Qefoyan, Catherine Sullivan, Xuemei He, Frits van der Haar, Lewis Braverman, John P Bilezikian
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the universal salt iodization (USI) strategy in Armenia by characterizing dietary iodine intake from naturally occurring iodine, salt-derived iodine in processed foods and salt-derived iodine in household-prepared foods. DESIGN: Using a cross-sectional cluster survey model, we collected urine samples which were analysed for iodine and sodium concentrations (UIC and UNaC) and household salt samples which were analysed for iodine concentration (SI)...
September 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Charlotte Mortensen, Christian Mølgaard, Hanne Hauger, Michael Kristensen, Camilla T Damsgaard
OBJECTIVE: To explore determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (s-25(OH)D) during autumn in young, Caucasian children not consuming vitamin D-fortified foods or supplements, and explore differences in sun behaviours between pre-school and school children. DESIGN: In September-October, s-25(OH)D was measured by LC-MS/MS; physical activity, sun behaviours and vitamin D intake were assessed with questionnaires. SETTING: Baseline data from the ODIN Junior trial at 55°N...
September 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Zumin Shi, Keren Papier, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Matthew Kelly, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
OBJECTIVE: Dietary intake is a leading risk factor for hypertension. We aimed to assess longitudinal associations between overall dietary patterns and incident hypertension among adults in Thailand. DESIGN: Prospective large Thai Cohort Study (TCS) conducted nationwide from 2005 to 2013. Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis based on usual intake of fourteen food groups. Multivariable logistic regression assessed associations between dietary patterns and hypertension prevalence and incidence...
September 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Maria Morales-Suárez-Varela, Nuria Lopez Santana, Pedro Marti Requena, Mª Isabel Beser Santos, Isabel Peraita-Costa, Agustin Llopis-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the daily intake of polychlorinated biphenyls not similar to dioxins (NDL-PCB) derived from fish consumption in Spain and compare it with tolerance limits in order to establish a safe threshold so that the nutritional benefits derived from fish consumption may be optimized. DESIGN: Analysis of NDL-PCB in fish samples and ecological study of the estimated intake of NDL-PCB from fish consumption in different Spanish population groups. SUBJECTS: National representative sample of the Spanish population...
September 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Roy J Kim, Lu Wang, Sarah Worley, David Leonard
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether nut intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in US adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) years 2003-2012. Anthropometric measurements, blood tests, 24 h diet recalls and demographic data were retrieved for participating adolescents. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to paediatric-modified Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
September 4, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Chloe M Harvey, Marie-Louise Newell, Sabu S Padmadas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the socio-economic differentials underlying minimum dietary diversity (MDD) among children aged 6-23 months in three economically diverse South-East Asian countries. DESIGN: The outcome variable MDD was defined as the proportion of children aged 6-23 months who received foods from four of the seven recommended food groups within the 24 h prior to interview. The association between socio-economic factors and MDD, adjusting for relevant characteristics, was examined using logistic regression...
September 4, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Nor Aini Jamil, Meng Hooi Yew, Yatiman Noor Hafizah, Stuart R Gray, Bee Koon Poh, Helen M Macdonald
OBJECTIVE: To compare the contributions of UVB exposure and diet to total vitamin D among Asians living in Kuala Lumpur (KL) and Aberdeen (AB). DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: UVB exposure (using polysulfone film badges) and skin colour and dietary vitamin D intake (by web-based questionnaire) were measured at each season in AB and during south-west (SWM) and north-east monsoons (NEM) in KL. SUBJECTS: One hundred and fifteen Asians in KL and eighty-five Asians in AB aged 20-50 years...
September 4, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Marije N van Doorn-van Atten, Lisette Cpgm de Groot, Albert Collet Romea, Simon Schwartz, Jeanne Hm de Vries, Annemien Haveman-Nies
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to conduct a process evaluation of a multicomponent nutritional telemonitoring intervention implemented among Dutch community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach was employed, guided by the process evaluation framework of the Medical Research Council and the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology. The process indicators reach, dose, fidelity and acceptability were measured at several time points within the 6-month intervention among participants and/or nurses...
September 3, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sarah Redsell, Cris Glazebrook, Stephen Weng, Judy Swift, Dilip Nathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Luc L Hagenaars, Patrick Pt Jeurissen, Niek S Klazinga
In the final issue of Public Health Nutrition in 2017, Kathryn Backholer and colleagues provide a clear overview of the spread of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in 2017, and a useful overview of opposing arguments and their counterpoints. Backholer et al. argue that much of the action was concentrated in the USA, but in the present commentary we point out that the recent sweep of SSB tax policy announcements in the EU seems much more promising. Policy makers in EU countries seem to learn from neighbouring countries, while political ideologies do not appear to stand in the way...
August 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Federica Concina, Paola Pani, Giulia Bravo, Fabio Barbone, Claudia V Carletti, Alessandra Knowles, Luca Ronfani, Maria Parpinel
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutrient intakes of an Italian cohort of infants at 6, 9 and 12 months of age. DESIGN: Dietary data were collected using a food diary at three follow-ups (6, 9 and 12 months of age of infants). The infants' dietary data were used to estimate nutrient intakes using the Italian food composition database integrated with data from nutritional labels and the literature. The mean and standard deviation, median and interquartile range, minimum and maximum, and 5th, 25th, 75th and 95th percentiles were calculated for the daily intake of twenty-eight nutrients, with sex differences evaluated using parametric/non-parametric statistical methods...
August 30, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Tailane Scapin, Ana Carolina Fernandes, Adilson Dos Anjos, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that the consumption of added sugars may be associated with harmful health effects. The present study investigated the presence and types of added sugars in packaged foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of the presence and types of added sugars in the ingredients lists of packaged foods sold in a major Brazilian supermarket. The nomenclature of ingredients classified as added sugars and their frequency were identified. Data were organised and analysed through descriptive statistics: absolute and relative frequencies of the presence of added sugars categorised by food groups were calculated, and ingredients were analysed by text mining using R statistical environment...
August 30, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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