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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923421/pre-pregnancy-bmi-gestational-weight-gain-and-breast-feeding-a-cohort-study-in-china
#1
Xing-Yong Tao, Kun Huang, Shuang-Qin Yan, A-Zhu Zuo, Rui-Wen Tao, Hui Cao, Chun-Li Gu, Fang-Biao Tao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG) on initiation and duration of infant breast-feeding in a prospective birth cohort study. DESIGN: Breast-feeding information was collected at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postpartum. The association of pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG with delayed lactogenesis II and termination of exclusive breast-feeding was assessed with logistic regression analysis...
December 7, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923414/missing-data-in-ffqs-making-assumptions-about-item-non-response
#2
Karen E Lamb, Dana Lee Olstad, Cattram Nguyen, Catherine Milte, Sarah A McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: FFQs are a popular method of capturing dietary information in epidemiological studies and may be used to derive dietary exposures such as nutrient intake or overall dietary patterns and diet quality. As FFQs can involve large numbers of questions, participants may fail to respond to all questions, leaving researchers to decide how to deal with missing data when deriving intake measures. The aim of the present commentary is to discuss the current practice for dealing with item non-response in FFQs and to propose a research agenda for reporting and handling missing data in FFQs...
December 7, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917749/introduction-of-complementary-foods-in-sweden-and-impact-of-maternal-education-on-feeding-practices
#3
Sofia Klingberg, Johnny Ludvigsson, Hilde K Brekke
OBJECTIVE: To describe the introduction of complementary foods in a population-based cohort in relation to recommendations and explore the possible impact of maternal education on infant feeding practices. DESIGN: Prospective data from the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort study were used. The ABIS study invited all infants born in south-east Sweden during October 1997-October 1999 (n 21 700) to participate. A questionnaire was completed for 16 022 infants...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917743/context-specific-complementary-feeding-recommendations-developed-using-optifood-could-improve-the-diets-of-breast-fed-infants-and-young-children-from-diverse-livelihood-groups-in-northern-kenya
#4
Marieke Vossenaar, Frances A Knight, Alison Tumilowicz, Christine Hotz, Peter Chege, Elaine L Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To formulate age- and context-specific complementary feeding recommendations (CFR) for infants and young children (IYC) and to compare the potential of filling population-level nutrient gaps using common sets of CFR across age groups. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to develop CFR using locally available and acceptable foods based on livelihood- and age-group-specific dietary patterns observed through 24 h dietary recalls. Within each livelihood group, the nutrient potential of age-group-specific v...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903312/more-than-two-thirds-of-dietary-iodine-in-children-in-northern-ghana-is-obtained-from-bouillon-cubes-containing-iodized-salt
#5
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Susanne Dold, Roland Kupka, Michael B Zimmermann
OBJECTIVE: Bouillon cubes are widely consumed by poor households in sub-Saharan Africa. Because their main ingredient is salt, bouillon cubes could be a good source of iodine if iodized salt is used in their production and if their consumption by target groups is high. Our objective was to measure the iodine content of bouillon cubes, estimate their daily intake in school-aged children and evaluate their potential contribution to iodine intakes. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, we measured urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) and estimated total daily iodine intakes...
December 1, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894381/understanding-barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-of-indigenous-children-a-mixed-methods-approach
#6
Katherine Ann Thurber, Cathy Banwell, Teresa Neeman, Timothy Dobbins, Melanie Pescud, Raymond Lovett, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to fruit and vegetable intake for Indigenous Australian children and quantify factors related to these barriers, to help understand why children do not meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. DESIGN: We examined factors related to carer-reported barriers using multilevel Poisson models (robust variance); a key informant focus group guided our interpretation of findings. SETTING: Eleven diverse sites across Australia...
November 29, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890021/the-relationship-between-food-insecurity-and-overweight-obesity-differs-by-birthplace-and-length-of-us-residence
#7
Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Cindy Leung, Marta Induni
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the cross-sectional association between food insecurity and overweight/obesity varied according to birthplace and length of residence in the USA among California women. DESIGN: Using cross-sectional, population-based data from the California Women's Health Survey (CWHS) 2009-2012, we examined whether the association between food insecurity and overweight or obesity varied by birthplace-length of US residence. SETTING: California, USA...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890020/choice-architecture-to-promote-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-by-families-participating-in-the-special-supplemental-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic-randomized-corner-store-pilot-study
#8
Anne N Thorndike, Oliver-John M Bright, Melissa A Dimond, Ronald Fishman, Douglas E Levy
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to determine if improving the visibility and quality of fresh produce (choice architecture) in corner stores would increase fruit/vegetable purchases by families participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Six stores were randomly assigned to choice architecture intervention or control. Store-level WIC sales data were provided by the state. Primary outcomes were WIC fruit/vegetable voucher and non-fruit/vegetable voucher sales, comparing trends from baseline (December 2012-October 2013) with the five-month intervention period (December 2013-April 2014)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890019/vitamin-a-deficiency-and-determinants-of-vitamin-a-status-in-bangladeshi-children-and-women-findings-of-a-national-survey
#9
Sabuktagin Rahman, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Nurul Alam, Am Shamsir Ahmed, Santhia Ireen, Ireen Akhter Chowdhury, Fatima Parveen Chowdhury, Sm Mustafizur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: Using data from the national micronutrients survey 2011-2012, the present study explored the status of subclinical vitamin A nutrition and the underlying determinants in the Bangladeshi population. DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Settings The survey covered 150 clusters; fifty in each of rural, urban and slum strata. SUBJECTS: Three population groups: (i) pre-school age children (6-59 months; PSAC); (ii) school age children (6-14 years; SAC); and (iii) non-pregnant non-lactating women (15-49 years; NPNLW)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881210/the-role-of-a-food-policy-coalition-in-influencing-a-local-food-environment-an-australian-case-study
#10
Julia McCartan, Claire Palermo
OBJECTIVE: To explore how an Australian rural food policy coalition acts to influence a local food environment, focusing specifically on its composition, functions and processes as well as its food-related strategies and policy outputs. DESIGN: A qualitative case study approach was undertaken. Three sources were used to triangulate data: eleven semi-structured in-depth interviews with coalition members, analysis of thirty-seven documents relating to the coalition and observation at one coalition meeting...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881202/association-between-junk-food-consumption-and-fast-food-outlet-access-near-school-among-quebec-secondary-school-children-findings-from-the-quebec-health-survey-of-high-school-students-qhshss-2010-11
#11
Nicoleta Cutumisu, Issouf Traoré, Marie-Claude Paquette, Linda Cazale, Hélène Camirand, Benoit Lalonde, Eric Robitaille
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between junk food consumption at lunchtime (JCL) and fast-food outlet access near school among secondary-school children in Quebec. DESIGN: A geographic information system database was used to characterize the food environment around a sub-sample of 374 public schools in which 26 655 students were enrolled. The outcome variable was JCL during the previous week, dichotomized into low JCL (none or once) v. high JCL (twice or more)...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881193/message-framing-in-the-context-of-the-national-menu-labelling-policy-a-comparison-of-public-health-and-private-industry-interests
#12
Rachel C Shelton, James Colgrove, Grace Lee, Michelle Truong, Gina M Wingood
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a content analysis of public comments to understand the key framing approaches used by private industry v. public health sector, with the goal of informing future public health messaging, framing and advocacy in the context of policy making. DESIGN: Comments to the proposed menu-labelling policy were extracted from Regulations.gov and analysed. A framing matrix was used to organize and code key devices and themes. Documents were analysed using content analysis with Dedoose software...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881191/policies-for-healthy-and-sustainable-edible-oil-consumption-a-stakeholder-analysis-for-thailand
#13
Bhavani Shankar, Nalitra Thaiprasert, Shabbir Gheewala, Richard Smith
OBJECTIVE: Palm oil is a cheap and versatile edible oil in widespread use as a food ingredient that has been linked to negative health and environmental outcomes. The current study aimed to understand the prospects for future health-focused policy development to limit food use of palm oil and promote a greater diversity of oils in Thailand's food system. DESIGN: Eighteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of stakeholders. The interviews probed views on the economic, health and environmental dimensions of the issue, the prospects for health-focused policy development and the policy development process...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869046/latino-mothers-beliefs-about-child-weight-and-family-health
#14
Suzanna M Martinez, Kyung E Rhee, Estela Blanco, Kerri Boutelle
OBJECTIVE: There is a need to address cultural beliefs and parenting practices regarding childhood obesity to design effective weight-control programmes for overweight/obese US Latino children. The purpose of the current study was to explore cultural beliefs about children's weight, understand parent perceptions on feeding their children, and explore barriers that interfere with a healthy lifestyle. DESIGN: Four focus groups were conducted in Spanish with forty-one Latino mothers of elementary school-age children from San Diego County, California between April and May 2011...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869044/relationship-between-the-home-environment-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-6-12-years-a-systematic-review
#15
Jia Xin Ong, Shahid Ullah, Anthea Magarey, Jacqueline Miller, Eva Leslie
OBJECTIVE: As numerous factors in the home environment have been related to children's fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption as a component of a healthy diet, the purpose of the present systematic review was to examine these factors specifically for children aged 6-12 years. DESIGN: Relevant observational studies published in English between January 2007 and December 2015 were obtained through electronic database searches. Studies were included if the researchers reported on a potentially modifiable measure of the home physical, political and sociocultural environment related to child F&V consumption...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866503/controlling-feeding-practices-and-maternal-migrant-background-an-analysis-of-a-multicultural-sample
#16
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Anna Ek, Louise Lindberg, Jonna Nyman, Claude Marcus, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Angelo Pietrobelli, Myles S Faith, Kimmo Sorjonen, Paulina Nowicka
OBJECTIVE: Parental feeding practices shape children's relationships with food and eating. Feeding is embedded socioculturally in values and attitudes related to food and parenting. However, few studies have examined associations between parental feeding practices and migrant background. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental feeding practices (restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) were assessed using the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Differences were explored in four sub-samples grouped by maternal place of birth: Sweden, Nordic/Western Europe, Eastern/Southern Europe and countries outside Europe...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852338/determinants-of-dietary-patterns-and-diet-quality-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-with-narrative-synthesis
#17
Ina-Merle Doyle, Brigitte Borrmann, Angelique Grosser, Oliver Razum, Jacob Spallek
OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants of diet in pregnancy, by detecting factors in our multiple-determinants life course framework that are associated with dietary patterns, quality or guideline adherence. DESIGN: A systematic review of observational studies, published in English or German, was conducted. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, environmental and pregnancy-related determinants were considered. Four electronic databases were searched in January 2015 and updated in April 2016 and a total of 4368 articles identified...
November 17, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846926/low-dairy-calcium-intake-is-associated-with-overweight-and-elevated-blood-pressure-in-polish-adults-notably-in-premenopausal-women
#18
Elżbieta Skowrońska-Jóźwiak, Maciej Jaworski, Roman Lorenc, Małgorzata Karbownik-Lewińska, Andrzej Lewiński
OBJECTIVE: Dietary Ca is now being recognized to play an important role not only in skeletal integrity, but also in the regulation of energy and metabolism. The aim of the present study was to estimate the relationship of dairy Ca intake with BMI and blood pressure (BP) in a sample derived from the Polish population. DESIGN: Ca intake was calculated from an interviewer-administered semi-quantitative FFQ. BMI was calculated from measured weight and height, and BP was measured by a physician...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846925/consumption-of-energy-dense-diets-in-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome-and-inflammatory-markers-in-iranian-female-nurses
#19
Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between dietary energy density (DED) and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components and inflammatory markers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated dish-based semi-quantitative FFQ. DED was calculated by dividing energy intake (kcal/d) by the total weight of foods only (g/d). MetS was defined based on the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846923/socio-economic-disparities-in-the-diet-of-french-children-and-adolescents-a-multidimensional-issue
#20
Peggy Drouillet-Pinard, Carine Dubuisson, Isabelle Bordes, Irène Margaritis, Sandrine Lioret, Jean-Luc Volatier
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to study the multidimensionality of the link between dietary intake and socio-economic position (SEP) in a representative sample of French children and adolescents, using a variety of SEP indicators. DESIGN: Data from the second French national food consumption survey (INCA2) were used. Information on food consumption was collected using a 7d food record and SEP data (occupation, education, income, household wealth indices) using questionnaires...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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