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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416041/child-targeted-fast-food-television-advertising-exposure-is-linked-with-fast-food-intake-among-pre-school-children
#1
Madeline A Dalton, Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Lauren P Cleveland, Jennifer L Harris, Kristy Hendricks, Linda J Titus
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to child-targeted fast-food (FF) television (TV) advertising is associated with children's FF intake in a non-experimental setting. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted April-December 2013. Parents reported their pre-school child's TV viewing time, channels watched and past-week FF consumption. Responses were combined with a list of FF commercials (ads) aired on children's TV channels during the same period to calculate children's exposure to child-targeted TV ads for the following chain FF restaurants: McDonald's, Subway and Wendy's (MSW)...
April 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414018/psychological-flexibility-mediates-change-in-intuitive-eating-regulation-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-interventions
#2
Essi Sairanen, Asko Tolvanen, Leila Karhunen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Elina Järvelä-Reijonen, Sanni Lindroos, Katri Peuhkuri, Riitta Korpela, Miikka Ermes, Elina Mattila, Raimo Lappalainen
OBJECTIVE: Despite the promising results related to intuitive eating, few studies have attempted to explain the processes encouraging this adaptive eating behaviour. The focus of the present study was on exploring mechanisms of change in intuitive eating and weight in acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) interventions. Mediation provides important information regarding the treatment processes and theoretical models related to specific treatment approaches. The study investigates whether psychological flexibility, mindfulness skills and sense of coherence mediated the interventions' effect on intuitive eating and weight...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414008/implementation-utilization-and-influence-of-a-community-based-participatory-nutrition-promotion-programme-in-rural-ethiopia-programme-impact-pathway-analysis
#3
Yunhee Kang, Seungman Cha, Sarah Yeo, Parul Christian
OBJECTIVE: A community-based participatory nutrition promotion (CPNP) programme, involving a 2-week group nutrition session, attempted to improve child feeding and hygiene. The implementation, utilization and influence of the CPNP programme were examined by programme impact pathway (PIP) analysis. DESIGN: Five CPNP programme components were evaluated: (i) degree of implementation; (ii) participants' perception of the nutrition sessions; (iii) participants' message recall; (iv) utilization of feeding and hygiene practices at early programme stage; and (v) participants' engagement in other programmes...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413997/differences-in-meal-patterns-and-timing-with-regard-to-central-obesity-in-the-anibes-anthropometric-data-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-intake-practice-of-physical-activity-socioeconomic-data-and-lifestyles-in-spain-study
#4
Aránzazu Aparicio, Elena E Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa Maria Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of meal patterns and timing with central obesity to identify the best dietary strategies to deal with the increasing obesity prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study performed on data from a representative sample of the Spanish population. Height and waist circumference were measured using standardized procedures and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated. The sample was divided into those without central obesity (WHtR<0·5) and those with central obesity (WHtR≥0·5)...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393754/not-all-dietary-diversity-scores-can-legitimately-be-interpreted-as-proxies-of-diet-quality-corrigendum
#5
Eric Verger, Marie-Claude Dop, Yves Martin-Prevel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376945/perceptions-and-behaviours-towards-high-body-weight-among-adults-in-northeast-china
#6
Chunshi Gao, Xin Lv, Yutian Yin, Yuanyuan Song, Peng Zhang, Rui Wang, Lingling Jiang, Yuhan Wang, Yaqin Yu, Bo Li
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of high weight at different characteristics, understand the perceptions and behaviours towards high body weight, and determine potential influencing factors of body weight misperception among high-weight adults in Jilin Province. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey with complex sampling design was conducted. We described the prevalence and perception of high body weight. SETTING: Northeast China in 2012...
April 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376939/investigation-of-vitamin-d-status-and-its-correlation-with-insulin-resistance-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Bing Han, Xiaojin Wang, Ningjian Wang, Qin Li, Yi Chen, Chunfang Zhu, Yingchao Chen, Fangzhen Xia, Xiaoqi Pu, Zhen Cang, Chaoxia Zhu, Meng Lu, Ying Meng, Hui Guo, Chi Chen, Weiping Tu, Bin Li, Ling Hu, Bingshun Wang, Yingli Lu
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies worldwide have focused on the relationship between vitamin D and insulin resistance, results remain controversial. Furthermore, concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in the Chinese population are unclear. We aimed to investigate vitamin D status and its correlation with insulin resistance among a Chinese adult population. DESIGN: Serum 25(OH)D, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, glycated Hb (HbA1c) and other metabolic parameters were assessed...
April 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367794/stunting-among-children-under-3-years-of-age-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-spatial-and-temporal-variations-between-1994-and-2011
#8
Emmanuel Barankanira, Nicolas Molinari, Philippe Msellati, Christian Laurent, Kirsten A Bork
OBJECTIVE: To investigate spatial heterogeneity of stunting prevalence among children in Côte d'Ivoire and examine changes in stunting between 1994 and 2011, to assess the impact of the 2002-2011 civil war that led to temporary partitioning of the country. DESIGN: Data from 1994, 1998 and 2011 Côte d'Ivoire Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) were analysed using a geostatistical approach taking into account spatial autocorrelation. Stunting data were interpolated using ordinary kriging; spatial clusters with high and low stunting prevalence were identified using Kulldorff spatial scan statistics...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#9
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367784/development-and-validation-of-the-perceived-food-environment-questionnaire-in-a-french-canadian-population
#10
Elise Carbonneau, Julie Robitaille, Benoît Lamarche, Louise Corneau, Simone Lemieux
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire assessing perceived food environment in a French-Canadian population. DESIGN: A questionnaire, the Perceived Food Environment Questionnaire, was developed assessing perceived accessibility to healthy (nine items) and unhealthy foods (three items). A pre-test sample was recruited for a pilot testing of the questionnaire. For the validation study, another sample was recruited and completed the questionnaire twice...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357977/food-based-dietary-guidelines-a-comparative-analysis-between-the-dietary-guidelines-for-the-brazilian-population-2006-and-2014
#11
Mayara Sanay da Silva Oliveira, Ligia Silva-Amparo
OBJECTIVE: In 2014, the Brazilian Ministry of Health launched the second edition of the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population (DGBP), which deploys the new food classification NOVA. It esteems that the second DGBP overcomes the limitations in the previous food guide, reformulating the diet concepts, food pattern, culture and system. The present paper analyses the advances and limits established in the second edition, contrasting with its first edition. DESIGN: The study employs a discourse analysis...
March 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357976/household-dietary-diversity-vitamin-a-consumption-and-food-security-in-rural-tigray-ethiopia
#12
Rebecca J Schwei, Haile Tesfay, Frezer Asfaw, Wellington Jogo, Heidi Busse
OBJECTIVE: To describe: household dietary diversity across four zones in Ethiopia; the relationship between household dietary diversity and consumption of vitamin A-rich foods; and the relationship between household dietary diversity and food security status. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected using structured questionnaires in the local language. Household dietary diversity scores measured types of foods households consumed, and households were classified by food security status using a modified version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale...
March 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345504/the-association-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-scores-and-the-prevalence-of-colorectal-adenoma
#13
Alyson Haslam, Sara Wagner Robb, James R Hébert, Hanwen Huang, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Mark H Ebell
OBJECTIVE: The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)TM, which was developed to characterize the inflammatory potential of a person's diet, has been shown to be associated with inflammatory conditions such as cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the association between DII scores and colorectal adenoma (CRA), a pre-cancerous condition. DESIGN: Responses to baseline dietary questionnaires were used calculate DII scores. In a cross-sectional study design, the association between DII scores and CRA prevalence was determined in men and women separately using logistic regression models...
March 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327209/dietary-vitamin-a-intake-recommendations-revisited-global-confusion-requires-alignment-of-the-units-of-conversion-and-expression
#14
Alida Melse-Boonstra, Marieke Vossenaar, Carolien A van Loo-Bouwman, Klaus Kraemer, Saskia de Pee, Keith P West, Robert M Russell, Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322183/the-un-decade-of-nutrition-the-nova-food-classification-and-the-trouble-with-ultra-processing
#15
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Geoffrey Cannon, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Laura C Louzada, Patrícia Constante Jaime
Given evident multiple threats to food systems and supplies, food security, human health and welfare, the living and physical world and the biosphere, the years 2016-2025 are now designated by the UN as the Decade of Nutrition, in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. For these initiatives to succeed, it is necessary to know which foods contribute to health and well-being, and which are unhealthy. The present commentary outlines the NOVA system of food classification based on the nature, extent and purpose of food processing...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318482/cross-sectional-analysis-of-eating-patterns-and-snacking-in-the-us-feeding-infants-and-toddlers-study-2008
#16
Denise M Deming, Kathleen C Reidy, Mary Kay Fox, Ronette R Briefel, Emma Jacquier, Alison L Eldridge
OBJECTIVE: To explore eating patterns and snacking among US infants, toddlers and pre-school children. DESIGN: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 was a cross-sectional national survey of children aged 6-47 months, weighted to reflect US age and racial/ethnic distributions. Dietary data were collected using one multiple-pass 24h recall. Eating occasions were categorized as meals, snacks or other (comprised of all feedings of breast milk and/or infant formula)...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318474/the-growing-disconnect-between-food-prices-and-wages-in-europe-cross-national-analysis-of-food-deprivation-and-welfare-regimes-in-twenty-one-eu-countries-2004-2012
#17
Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, David Stuckler
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity has been rising across Europe following the Great Recession, but to varying degrees across countries and over time. The reasons for this increase are not well understood, nor are what factors might protect people's access to food. Here we test the hypothesis that an emerging gap between food prices and wages can explain increases in reported inability to afford protein-rich foods and whether welfare regimes can mitigate its impact. DESIGN: We collected data in twenty-one countries from 2004 to 2012 using two databases: (i) on food prices and deprivation related to food (denoted by reported inability to afford to eat meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day) from EuroStat 2015 edition; and (ii) on wages from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2015 edition...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318465/lunch-at-the-library-examination-of-a-community-based-approach-to-addressing-summer-food-insecurity
#18
Janine S Bruce, Monica M De La Cruz, Gala Moreno, Lisa J Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: To examine a library-based approach to addressing food insecurity through a child and adult summer meal programme. The study examines: (i) risk of household food insecurity among participants; (ii) perspectives on the library meal programme; and (iii) barriers to utilizing other community food resources. DESIGN: Quantitative surveys with adult participants and qualitative semi-structured interviews with a sub-sample of adult participants. SETTING: Ten libraries using public and private funding to serve meals to children and adults for six to eight weeks in low-income Silicon Valley communities (California, USA) during summer 2015...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318463/decreasing-the-overall-environmental-impact-of-the-dutch-diet-how-to-find-healthy-and-sustainable-diets-with-limited-changes
#19
Gerard Fh Kramer, Marcelo Tyszler, Pieter Van't Veer, Hans Blonk
OBJECTIVE: To find diets optimised on nutrition and environmental impact close to the current Dutch diet and to identify the most effective and acceptable options for mitigating environmental impact. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to optimise diets of Dutch men and women aged 9-69 years, divided into ten age-gender groups. The analysis included nutrient composition, a metric for popularity and life cycle assessments of 207 food products. Greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy use and land occupation were used to calculate a weighted score for the overall environmental impact...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294936/examining-the-feasibility-of-implementing-behavioural-economics-strategies-that-encourage-home-dinner-vegetable-intake-among-low-income-children
#20
Tashara M Leak, Alison Swenson, Aaron Rendahl, Zata Vickers, Elton Mykerezi, Joseph P Redden, Traci Mann, Marla Reicks
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of implementing nine behavioural economics-informed strategies, or 'nudges', that aimed to encourage home dinner vegetable intake among low-income children. DESIGN: Caregivers were assigned six of nine strategies and implemented one new strategy per week (i.e. 6 weeks) during three dinner meals. Caregivers recorded child dinner vegetable intake on the nights of strategy implementation and rated the level of difficulty for assigned strategies...
March 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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