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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202100/low-income-adults-perceptions-of-farmers-markets-and-community-supported-agriculture-programmes
#1
Elizabeth W Cotter, Carla Teixeira, Annessa Bontrager, Kasharena Horton, Deyanira Soriano
OBJECTIVE: To better understand low-income adults' attitudes towards participating in farmers' markets, community-supported agriculture (CSA) and nutrition education programming. DESIGN: Focus groups were held with a diverse sample of adults. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Three affordable housing communities in Washington, DC, USA. SUBJECTS: Participants included twenty-eight residents of the three affordable housing communities...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202096/potential-in-class-strategies-to-increase-children-s-vegetable-consumption
#2
Gemma Sharp, Simone Pettigrew, Shannon Wright, Iain S Pratt, Sally Blane, Nicole Biagioni
OBJECTIVE: The Crunch&Sip programme is a school-based nutrition initiative designed to increase the fruit, vegetable and water intakes of primary-school children. In recognition of the notable deficits in children's vegetable consumption, the present study explored the receptivity of school staff to a realignment of the Crunch&Sip programme to feature a primary focus on vegetable consumption. This involved investigating school staff members' perceptions of relevant barriers, motivators and facilitators...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190416/impact-of-food-advertising-on-food-purchases-by-students-in-primary-and-secondary-schools-in-south-eastern-poland-corrigendum
#3
A Mazur, G Telega, A Kotowicz, H Małek, S Jarochowicz, B Gierczak, M Mazurkiewicz, T Pop, K Zajkiewicz, M Dobrucki, D Mazur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183371/regular-breakfast-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-blood-vitamin-status-in-adolescents-the-helena-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-study
#4
Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Jara Valtueña, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Fréderic Gottrand, Christina Breidenassel, Marika Ferrari, Yannis Manios, Stefaan De Henauw, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Inge Huybrechts, Luis A Moreno, Marcela González-Gross
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the association between different breakfast consumption patterns and vitamin intakes and blood vitamin concentrations in European adolescents. DESIGN: Breakfast consumption was assessed by a questionnaire. Vitamin intake was calculated from two 24 h recalls. Blood vitamin and total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations were analysed from fasting blood samples. SETTING: The European Commission-funded HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study...
February 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173897/exclusive-breast-feeding-promotion-among-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-an-information-motivation-behavioural-skills-model-based-pilot-intervention
#5
Emily L Tuthill, Lisa M Butler, Jennifer A Pellowski, Jacqueline M McGrath, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable, Jeffrey D Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) provides optimal nutrition for infants and mothers. The practice of EBF while adhering to antiretroviral medication decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV from approximately 25 % to less than 5 %. Thus the WHO recommends EBF for the first 6 months among HIV-infected women living in resource-limited settings; however, EBF rates remain low. In the present study our aim was to design and implement a pilot intervention promoting EBF among HIV-infected women...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173883/comparing-intake-estimations-based-on-food-composition-data-with-chemical-analysis-in-malian-women
#6
Yara Koréissi-Dembélé, Esmee L Doets, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Paul Jm Hulshof, Diego Moretti, Inge D Brouwer
OBJECTIVE: Food composition databases are essential for estimating nutrient intakes in food consumption surveys. The present study aimed to evaluate the Mali food composition database (TACAM) for assessing intakes of energy and selected nutrients at population level. DESIGN: Weighed food records and duplicate portions of all foods consumed during one day were collected. Intakes of energy, protein, fat, available carbohydrates, dietary fibre, Ca, Fe, Zn and vitamin A were assessed by: (i) estimating the nutrient intake from weighed food records based on an adjusted TACAM (a-TACAM); and (ii) chemical analysis of the duplicate portions...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173882/efficacy-of-school-based-interventions-aimed-at-decreasing-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Dominique Beaulieu, Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Danielle Boucher, Caroline Sirois, Marylène Dugas, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To verify the efficacy of school-based interventions aimed at reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among adolescents in order to develop or improve public health interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review of interventions targeting adolescents and/or the school environment. SETTING: The following databases were investigated: MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and EMBASE. Proquest Dissertations and Theses was also investigated for unpublished trials...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166847/salt-and-sugars-content-of-breakfast-cereals-in-the-uk-from-1992-to-2015
#8
Sonia Pombo-Rodrigues, Kawther M Hashem, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor
OBJECTIVE: To study the salt and sugars content of breakfast cereals sold in the UK between 1992 and 2015. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys on salt and sugars content collected from the nutrition information panel of breakfast cereals in 1992, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015. SETTING: All major UK retailers operating at that moment in time (approximately ten). SUBJECTS: The salt and sugars content was collected from product packaging and the nutrition information panels...
February 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162141/child-maternal-and-household-level-correlates-of-nutritional-status-a-cross-sectional-study-among-young-samoan-children
#9
Courtney C Choy, Mayur M Desai, Jennifer J Park, Elizabeth A Frame, Avery A Thompson, Take Naseri, Muagututia S Reupena, Rachel L Duckham, Nicole C Deziel, Nicola L Hawley
OBJECTIVE: Young children are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition as nutrition transition progresses. The present study aimed to document the prevalence, coexistence and correlates of nutritional status (stunting, overweight/obesity and anaemia) in Samoan children aged 24-59 months. DESIGN: A cross-sectional community-based survey. Height and weight were used to determine prevalence of stunting (height-for-age Z-score +2) based on WHO growth standards. Anaemia was determined using an AimStrip Hemoglobin test system (Hb <110 g/l)...
February 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162128/haemoconcentration-risk-at-the-end-of-pregnancy-effects-on-neonatal-behaviour
#10
Nuria Aranda, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Victoria Arija, Blanca Ribot, Josefa Canals
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between haemoconcentration at the end of pregnancy (third trimester and delivery) and neonatal behaviour in healthy pregnant women supplemented with moderate doses of Fe. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study in which obstetric and clinical history, maternal toxic habits, maternal anxiety and Hb levels were recorded at the third trimester and delivery. Neonatal behaviour was assessed at 48-72 h of age using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale...
February 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162127/impact-of-two-policy-interventions-on-dietary-diversity-in-ecuador
#11
Juan Ponce, Jesus Ramos-Martin
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate the effects of food vouchers and training in health and nutrition on consumption and dietary diversity in Ecuador by using an experimental design. DESIGN: Interventions involved enrolling three groups of approximately 200 randomly selected households per group in three provinces in Ecuador. Power estimates and sample size were computed using the Optimal Design software, with a power of 80 %, at 5 % of significance and with a minimum detectable effect of 0·25 (sd)...
February 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137328/impact-of-dietary-fat-composition-on-prediabetes-a-12-year-follow-up-study
#12
Sridevi Krishnan, Lyn M Steffen, Chad M Paton, Jamie A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Dietary fatty acid composition likely affects prediabetic conditions such as isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT); however, this risk has not been evaluated in a large population nor has it been followed prospectively. DESIGN: Diet, physical activity, anthropometric, socio-economic and blood glucose data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study were obtained from BioLINCC. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate associations of dietary SFA, MUFA, PUFA, n-3 fatty acid (FA) and n-6 FA intakes with incidence of one (isolated IFG) or two (IFG with IGT) prediabetic conditions at the end of 12-year follow-up...
January 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120737/alberta-s-tomorrow-project-adherence-to-cancer-prevention-recommendations-pertaining-to-diet-physical-activity-and-body-size
#13
Heather K Whelan, Jian-Yi Xu, Sanaz Vaseghi, Geraldine Lo Siou, S Elizabeth McGregor, Paula J Robson
OBJECTIVE: To explore cross-sectional adherence to cancer prevention recommendations by adults enrolled in a prospective cohort in Alberta, Canada. DESIGN: Questionnaire data were used to construct a composite cancer prevention adherence score for each participant, based on selected personal recommendations published by the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007). Data were self-reported on health and lifestyle, past-year physical activity and past-year FFQ...
January 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120735/prevalence-of-anaemia-deficiencies-of-iron-and-vitamin-a-and-their-determinants-in-rural-women-and-young-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#14
Halimatou Alaofè, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Douglas Taren
OBJECTIVE: To identify the magnitude of anaemia and deficiencies of Fe (ID) and vitamin A (VAD) and their associated factors among rural women and children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, comprising a household, health and nutrition survey and determination of Hb, biochemical (serum concentrations of ferritin, retinol, C-reactive protein and α1-acid glycoprotein) and anthropometric parameters. Multivariate logistic regression examined associations of various factors with anaemia and micronutrient deficiencies...
January 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115034/using-cross-sectional-surveys-to-estimate-the-number-of-severely-malnourished-children-needing-to-be-enrolled-in-specific-treatment-programmes
#15
Nancy M Dale, Mark Myatt, Claudine Prudhon, André Briend
OBJECTIVE: When planning severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment services, estimates of the number of children requiring treatment are needed. Prevalence surveys, used with population estimates, can directly estimate the number of prevalent cases but not the number of subsequent incident cases. Health managers often use a prevalence-to-incidence conversion factor (J) derived from two African cohort studies to estimate incidence and add the expected number of incident cases to prevalent cases to estimate expected SAM caseload for a given period...
January 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112078/abdominal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-disability-in-brazilian-older-adults
#16
Ligiana Pires Corona, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of abdominal obesity in the incidence of disability in older adults living in São Paulo, Brazil, in a 5-year period. DESIGN: Longitudinal study, part of the SABE Study (Health, Wellbeing and Aging). We assessed the disability incidence in the period (reported difficulty in at least one activity of daily living (ADL) in 2010) in relation to abdominal obesity in 2006 (waist circumference ≥102 cm in men and ≥88 cm in women). We used Poisson regression to evaluate the association between obesity and disability incidence, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors including BMI...
January 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112066/hypertension-and-diabetes-prevalence-among-adults-with-moderately-increased-bmi-23%C3%A2-0-24%C3%A2-9-kg-m2-findings-from-a-nationwide-survey-in-bangladesh
#17
Muntasirur Rahman, Gail Williams, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: BMI is a proxy for fat accumulation in the body. Increased diabetes and CVD risks have been observed for Asian populations at lower BMI than the WHO-recommended BMI cut-off points for overweight (≥25·0 kg/m2) and obesity (≥30·0 kg/m2). The current study aimed to quantify the increased hypertension (HTN) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevalence in Bangladeshi adults with moderately increased BMI (23·0-24·9 kg/m2). DESIGN: Data from the most recent Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2011) were analysed...
January 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103962/does-breast-feeding-reduce-offspring-junk-food-consumption-during-childhood-examinations-by-socio-economic-status-and-race-ethnicity
#18
Dylan B Jackson, Kecia R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether breast-feeding duration and socio-economic status (SES) interact to predict junk food consumption among offspring and whether the interaction differs across racial/ethnic groups. DESIGN: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design. Hierarchical linear regression was used to analyse the data. SETTING: In-home interviews with the child's parents over a 5-year period across the USA. SUBJECTS: Approximately 10 000 American children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)...
January 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095942/association-of-neighbourhood-food-availability-with-the-consumption-of-processed-and-ultra-processed-food-products-by-children-in-a-city-of-brazil-a-multilevel-analysis
#19
Fernanda Helena Marrocos Leite, Elena de Carvalho Cremm, Débora Silva Costa de Abreu, Maria Aparecida de Oliveira, Nadine Budd, Paula Andrea Martins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between neighbourhood food availability and the consumption of ready-to-consume products (RCP), either processed or ultra-processed, and unprocessed/minimally processed foods (UF-MPF) by children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. 24 h Dietary recalls were collected from children from January 2010 to June 2011. Neighbourhood food availability data were collected from 672 food stores located within 500 m of participants' homes, using an adapted and validated instrument...
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095937/maternal-gestational-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-child-health-looking-to-the-future
#20
Marcos Pereira-Santos, Ana Marlúcia Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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