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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345608/food-choices-to-meet-nutrient-recommendations-for-the-adult-brazilian-population-based-on-the-linear-programming-approach
#1
Quenia Dos Santos, Rosely Sichieri, Nicole Darmon, Matthieu Maillot, Eliseu Verly-Junior
OBJECTIVE: To identify optimal food choices that meet nutritional recommendations to reduce prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to obtain an optimized diet with sixty-eight foods with the least difference from the observed population mean dietary intake while meeting a set of nutritional goals that included reduction in the prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes to ≤20 %. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: Participants (men and women, n 25 324) aged 20 years or more from the first National Dietary Survey (NDS) 2008-2009...
January 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343315/subclinical-inflammation-affects-iron-and-vitamin-a-but-not-zinc-status-assessment-in-senegalese-children-and-cambodian-children-and-women
#2
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khov Kuong, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the acute-phase response (APR) during inflammation on Fe, Zn and vitamin A biomarkers to allow accurate evaluation of micronutrient status in populations. DESIGN: Ferritin (FER), soluble transferrin receptor (TfR), retinol-binding protein (RBP), Zn, α1-acid glycoprotein and C-reactive protein concentrations were measured. Correction factors (CF) for each biomarker were calculated as the ratio for groups at different stages of inflammation v...
January 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338801/how-immediate-and-significant-is-the-outcome-of-training-on-diversified-diets-hygiene-and-food-safety-an-effort-to-mitigate-child-undernutrition-in-rural-malawi
#3
Anitha Seetha, Takuji W Tsusaka, Timalizge W Munthali, Maggie Musukwa, Agnes Mwangwela, Zione Kalumikiza, Tinna Manani, Lizzie Kachulu, Nelson Kumwenda, Mike Musoke, Patrick Okori
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impacts of training on nutrition, hygiene and food safety designed by the Nutrition Working Group, Child Survival Collaborations and Resources Group (CORE). DESIGN: Adapted from the 21d Positive Deviance/Hearth model, mothers were trained on the subjects of appropriate complementary feeding, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices, and aflatoxin contamination in food. To assess the impacts on child undernutrition, a randomised controlled trial was implemented on a sample of 179 mothers and their children (<2 years old) in two districts of Malawi, namely Mzimba and Balaka...
January 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331168/dietary-patterns-and-their-associations-with-home-food-availability-among-finnish-pre-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Henna Vepsäläinen, Liisa Korkalo, Vera Mikkilä, Reetta Lehto, Carola Ray, Kaija Nissinen, Essi Skaffari, Mikael Fogelholm, Leena Koivusilta, Eva Roos, Maijaliisa Erkkola
OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between home food availability and dietary patterns among pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which parents of the participating children filled in an FFQ and reported how often they had certain foods in their homes. We derived dietary pattern scores using principal component analysis, and composite scores describing the availability of fruits and vegetables as well as sugar-enriched foods in the home were created for each participant...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331164/adherence-to-the-danish-food-based-dietary-guidelines-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-a-cohort-study
#5
Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Kim Overvad, Inge Tetens, Anne Tjønneland, Erik Thorlund Parner, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Christina Catherine Dahm
OBJECTIVE: A direct way to evaluate food-based dietary guidelines is to assess if adherence is associated with development of non-communicable diseases. Thus, the objective was to develop an index to assess adherence to the 2013 Danish food-based dietary guidelines and to investigate the association between adherence to the index and risk of myocardial infarction (MI). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study with recruitment of participants in 1993-1997. Information on dietary intake was collected at baseline using an FFQ and an index ranging from 0 to 6 points was created to assess adherence to the 2013 Danish food-based dietary guidelines...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331158/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-the-contemporary-diet-of-inuit-adults-results-from-the-2007-08-inuit-health-survey
#6
Tiff-Annie Kenny, Xue Feng Hu, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Sonia D Wesche, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the major components of the contemporary Inuit diet and identify the primary sources of energy and essential nutrients. DESIGN: Dietary data were derived from the 24 h recall collected by the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) from 2007 to 2008. The population proportion method was used to determine the percentage contribution of each group. Unique food items/preparations (ninety-three country foods and 1591 market foods) were classified into eight country food groups and forty-one market food groups...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317011/declaration-of-nutrition-information-on-and-nutritional-quality-of-thai-ready-to-eat-packaged-food-products
#7
Suladda Pongutta, Pitipa Chongwatpol, Parwin Tantayapirak, Stefanie Vandevijvere
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the nutrition information displayed on ready-to-eat packaged foods and the nutritional quality of those food products in Thailand. DESIGN: In March 2015, the nutrition information panels and nutrition and health claims on ready-to-eat packaged foods were collected from the biggest store of each of the twelve major retailers, using protocols developed by the International Network for Food and Obesity/Non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS)...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317009/fish-consumption-and-risk-of-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-observational-studies
#8
Ahmad Jayedi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Saragol Eimeri, Kurosh Djafarian
OBJECTIVE: There are some indications of regional differences in the association between fish consumption and clinical outcomes. We aimed to test the linear and potential non-linear dose-response relationships between fish consumption and risk of all-cause and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality, and possible confounding by region. DESIGN: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. SETTING: Systematic search using PubMed and Scopus, from inception up to September 2016...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317006/secular-trends-in-regional-differences-in-nutritional-biomarkers-and-self-reported-dietary-intakes-among-american-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1988-1994-to-2009-2010
#9
Ashima K Kant, Barry I Graubard
OBJECTIVE: To understand the contribution of regional differentials in dietary exposures to regional gradients in health, we examined 20-year trends in the association of US census region of residence with nutritional biomarkers and dietary intakes of American adults. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: The biomarker and 24 h dietary recall data were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) conducted during 1988-1994 and 1999-2010...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#10
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317002/mobile-produce-market-influences-access-to-fruits-and-vegetables-in-an-urban-environment
#11
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Kathy Wicks, Lisa M Troy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a mobile produce market (MPM) on fruit and vegetable access. DESIGN: Novel application of a structured assessment (five dimensions of access framework) to examine fruit and vegetable access through self-administered surveys on shopping behaviours, and perceptions and experiences of shopping at the MPM. SETTING: Low-income neighbourhoods with limited access to fruits and vegetables. SUBJECTS: Older (≥60 years) and younger (18-59·9 years) shoppers...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317000/associations-between-sedentary-behaviours-and-dietary-intakes-among-adolescents
#12
Elly A Fletcher, Sarah A McNaughton, David Crawford, Verity Cleland, Jacqueline Della Gatta, Jennifer Hatt, James Dollman, Anna Timperio
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to examine associations of individual and aggregated screen-based behaviours, and total sitting time, with healthy and unhealthy dietary intakes among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of adolescents. Participants self-reported durations of television viewing, computer use, playing electronic games (e-games), total sitting time, daily servings of fruits and vegetables, and frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), diet beverages, fast foods and discretionary snacks...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310740/predicting-cardiometabolic-disturbances-from-waist-to-height-ratio-findings-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#13
Marcelo Castanheira, Dóra Chor, José Uéleres Braga, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in predicting cardiometabolic outcomes and compare cut-off points for Brazilian adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. WHtR areas under the curve (AUC) were compared with those for BMI, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The outcomes of interest were hypertension, diabetes, hypertriacylglycerolaemia and presence of at least two components of metabolic syndrome (≥2 MetS)...
January 9, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306343/sodium-and-potassium-content-of-24-h-urinary-collections-a-comparison-between-field-and-laboratory-based-analysers
#14
Xuejun Yin, Bruce Neal, Maoyi Tian, Zhifang Li, Kristina Petersen, Yuichiro Komatsu, Xiangxian Feng, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of mean population Na and K intakes typically uses laboratory-based assays, which can add significant logistical burden and costs. A valid field-based measurement method would be a significant advance. In the current study, we used 24 h urine samples to compare estimates of Na, K and Na:K ratio based upon assays done using the field-based Horiba twin meter v. laboratory-based methods. DESIGN: The performance of the Horiba twin meter was determined by comparing field-based estimates of mean Na and K against those obtained using laboratory-based methods...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306339/differences-in-nutrient-and-energy-contents-of-commonly-consumed-dishes-prepared-in-restaurants-v-at-home-in-hunan-province-china
#15
Xiaofang Jia, Jiawu Liu, Bo Chen, Donghui Jin, Zhongxi Fu, Huilin Liu, Shufa Du, Barry M Popkin, Michelle A Mendez
OBJECTIVE: Eating away from home is associated with poor diet quality, in part due to less healthy food choices and larger portions. However, few studies account for the potential additional contribution of differences in food composition between restaurant- and home-prepared dishes. The present study aimed to investigate differences in nutrients of dishes prepared in restaurants v. at home. DESIGN: Eight commonly consumed dishes were collected in twenty of each of the following types of locations: small and large restaurants, and urban and rural households...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293079/changing-the-restaurant-food-environment-to-improve-cardiovascular-health-in-a-rural-community-implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-heart-of-new-ulm-restaurant-programme
#16
Rebecca Lindberg, Abbey C Sidebottom, Brigitte McCool, Raquel F Pereira, Arthur Sillah, Jackie L Boucher
OBJECTIVE: The goals of the present study were to: (i) describe the implementation of a programme to improve the restaurant food environment in a rural community; and (ii) describe how practices changed in community restaurants. DESIGN: The intervention included a baseline assessment of all community restaurants (n 32) and a report on how they could increase the availability and promotion of healthful options. The assessment focused on sixteen healthy practices (HP) derived from the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Restaurants...
January 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284549/the-dietary-impact-of-introducing-new-retailers-of-fruits-and-vegetables-into-a-community-results-from-a-systematic-review
#17
Rebecca C Woodruff, Ilana G Raskind, Diane M Harris, Julie A Gazmararian, Michael Kramer, Regine Haardörfer, Michelle C Kegler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential dietary impact of the opening of new retailers of healthy foods. DESIGN: Systematic review of the peer-reviewed research literature. SETTING: References published before November 2015 were retrieved from MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science databases using keyword searches. SUBJECTS: The outcome of the review was change in fruit and vegetable consumption among adults. RESULTS: Of 3514 references retrieved, ninety-two articles were reviewed in full text, and twenty-three articles representing fifteen studies were included...
December 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284548/validation-of-a-photographic-seafood-portion-guide-to-assess-fish-and-shrimp-intakes
#18
Anne E Mathews, Ali Al-Rajhi, Andrew S Kane
OBJECTIVE: To validate a novel photographic portion guide as a tool to estimate consumption of fish and shrimp. Application of such a validated tool can facilitate accurate individual and community seafood intake assessments and provide meaningful data relative to health benefits and hazard assessment, particularly in response to environmental contamination and disasters. DESIGN: A photographic fish and shrimp portion guide presenting a stepped range of cooked portion sizes was used by participants to estimate their typical portion sizes...
December 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277172/the-new-zealand-breakfast-cereal-category-is-dynamic-and-responsive-to-consumer-preferences
#19
Gina Simone Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277169/evaluating-the-%C3%A2-10-1-wholegrain-criterion-in-identifying-nutrient-quality-and-health-implications-of-uk-breads-and-breakfast-cereals
#20
Bahar Ghodsian, Angela M Madden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutrient quality of breads and breakfast cereals identified using the wholegrain definition of ≤10:1 carbohydrate:fibre ratio. DESIGN: Following a cross-sectional study design, nutritional information was systematically gathered from food labels of breads and breakfast cereals that met the ≤10:1 carbohydrate:fibre criterion. The median nutrient content was compared with the UK Food Standards Agency's nutrient profiling standards and the associations between carbohydrate:fibre ratio and other nutrients were analysed...
December 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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