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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937354/energy-contribution-of-nova-food-groups-and-sociodemographic-determinants-of-ultra-processed-food-consumption-in-the-mexican-population
#1
Joaquín A Marrón-Ponce, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Carolina Batis
OBJECTIVE: To identify the energy contributions of NOVA food groups in the Mexican diet and the associations between individual sociodemographic characteristics and the energy contribution of ultra-processed foods (UPF). DESIGN: We classified foods and beverages reported in a 24 h recall according to the NOVA food framework into: (i) unprocessed or minimally processed foods; (ii) processed culinary ingredients; (iii) processed foods; and (iv) UPF. We estimated the energy contribution of each food group and ran a multiple linear regression to identify the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and UPF energy contribution...
September 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937335/ultra-processed-family-foods-in-australia-nutrition-claims-health-claims-and-marketing-techniques-corrigendum
#2
Claire Elizabeth Pulker, Jane Anne Scott, Christina Mary Pollard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931448/further-stabilization-and-even-decrease-in-the-prevalence-rates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-german-children-and-adolescents-from-2005-to-2015-a-cross-sectional-and-trend-analysis
#3
Annette Keß, Ulrike Spielau, Christoph Beger, Ruth Gausche, Mandy Vogel, Tobias Lipek, Antje Körner, Roland Pfäffle, Wieland Kiess
OBJECTIVE: Recently several industrialized countries reported a stabilization or even a decrease in childhood overweight and obesity prevalence rates. In Germany, this trend started in 2004. The present study therefore aimed to evaluate whether this trend has continued or even leads in a clear direction. Design/Setting/Subjects BMI (>90th percentile (overweight), >97th percentile (obesity)) from the CrescNet database was analysed in 326 834 children and adolescents according to three age groups (4-7·99, 8-11·99 and 12-16 years), gender and between time points (2005-2015)...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931442/employment-status-and-temporal-patterns-of-energy-intake-nutrition-and-health-survey-in-taiwan-2005-2008
#4
Chun-An Chau, Wen-Harn Pan, Hsin-Jen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To (i) identify the major temporal patterns of energy intake among adults; (ii) examine the association between employment status and the patterns; and (iii) examine the association between dietary quality and the patterns. DESIGN: Secondary analysis based on the cross-sectional population-based nutrition survey in Taiwan, 2005-2008. Based on energy intake levels at six time intervals of a day derived from 24 h recall data, we applied cluster analysis to identify major temporal patterns of energy intake...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929985/characterizing-trends-in-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-usa-by-self-report-and-by-supply-and-disappearance-data-2001-2014
#5
Zach Conrad, Kenneth Chui, Lisa Jahns, Christian J Peters, Timothy S Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the comparability of fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake data in the USA from 2001 to 2014 between data acquired from two national data collection programmes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. Linear regression models estimated trends in daily per capita intake of total F&V. Pooled differences in intake of individual F&V (n 109) were examined by processing form (fresh, frozen, canned, dried and juice). SETTING: What We Eat in America (WWEIA, 2001-2014) and Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data series (LAFA, 2001-2014)...
September 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918774/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-uk-cohort-of-men-and-women-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Kate Northstone, Carol Joinson, Pauline Emmett
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence to suggest that individual components of dietary intake are associated with depressive symptoms. Studying the whole diet, through dietary patterns, has become popular as a way of overcoming intercorrelations between individual dietary components; however, there are conflicting results regarding associations between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms. We examined the associations between dietary patterns extracted using principal component analysis and depressive symptoms, taking account of potential temporal relationships...
September 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903804/beyond-the-dinner-table-who-s-having-breakfast-lunch-and-dinner-family-meals-and-which-meals-are-associated-with-better-diet-quality-and-bmi-in-pre-school-children
#7
Jerica M Berge, Kimberly P Truesdale, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan Mitchell, William J Heerman, Shari Barkin, Donna Matheson, Carolyn E Levers-Landis, Simone A French
OBJECTIVE: Having frequent family dinners is associated with better diet quality in children; however, it is unknown whether the frequency of certain family meal types (i.e. dinner) is more strongly associated with better child weight and diet quality compared with other meal types (i.e. breakfast, lunch). Thus, the current study examined the frequency of eating breakfast, lunch or dinner family meals and associations with pre-school children's overall diet quality (HEI-2010) and BMI percentile...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903786/identifying-foods-with-good-nutritional-quality-and-price-for-the-opticourses-intervention-research-project
#8
Christophe Dubois, Marion Tharrey, Nicole Darmon
OBJECTIVE: People on a limited budget want to know the 'good price' of foods. Here we report the methodology used to produce an educational tool designed to help recognize foods with good nutritional quality and price, and assess the validity and relevancy of the tool. DESIGN: A 'Good Price Booklet' presenting a list of foods with good nutritional quality and price was constructed. The validity of the in-booklet prices was assessed by comparing them with prices actually paid by households from the Opticourses project...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903785/food-insecurity-and-emotional-health-in-the-usa-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-longitudinal-research
#9
Meg Bruening, Lauren M Dinour, Jose B Rosales Chavez
OBJECTIVE: To examine the causal directionality in the relationship between food insecurity and emotional well-being among US-based populations. DESIGN: Systematic literature review from January 2006 to July 2016 using MEDLINE (PubMed), PsychInfo, Web of Science and CINHAL. Inclusion criteria were: written in English; examined a longitudinal association between food insecurity and emotional well-being. SETTING: The USA. SUBJECTS: Children and adults...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893342/associations-between-bottle-feeding-intensity-and-maternal-encouragement-of-bottle-emptying
#10
Alison K Ventura, Patsy Garcia, Andrew A Schaffner
OBJECTIVE: To explore longitudinal associations between bottle-feeding and maternal encouragement of infant bottle-emptying during the first 6 months of infancy. DESIGN: Mothers completed questionnaires during the third trimester of pregnancy, then monthly during the first 6 months postpartum. Questionnaires assessed family demographics, maternal and infant weight status, infant feeding patterns and maternal encouragement of infant bottle-emptying. SETTING: The Infant Feeding Practices Study 2, conducted by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration...
September 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893341/validation-of-a-survey-to-examine-drinking-water-access-practices-and-policies-in-schools
#11
Amelie A Hecht, Jacob M Grumbach, Karla E Hampton, Kenneth Hecht, Ellen Braff-Guajardo, Claire D Brindis, Charles E McCulloch, Anisha I Patel
OBJECTIVE: Ensuring ready access to free drinking-water in schools is an important strategy for prevention of obesity and dental caries, and for improving student learning. Yet to date, there are no validated instruments to examine water access in schools. The present study aimed to develop and validate a survey of school administrators to examine school access to beverages, including water and sports drinks, and school and district-level water-related policies and practices. DESIGN: Survey validity was measured by comparing results of telephone surveys of school administrators with on-site observations of beverage access and reviews of school policy documents for any references to beverages...
September 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889834/comparison-of-an-interviewer-administered-with-an-automated-self-administered-24-h-asa24-dietary-recall-in-adolescents
#12
Ashley R Hughes, Suzanne S Summer, Nicholas J Ollberding, Laura A Benken, Heidi J Kalkwarf
OBJECTIVE: The current pilot study aimed to assess whether reporting quality would decline materially in adolescents completing weekly web-based Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour dietary recalls (ASA24-Kids-2014) and interviewer-administered 24 h dietary recalls for six weeks. We also aimed to assess method preference. DESIGN: We conducted two studies. Study 1 (n 20) randomized participants to complete either one ASA24-Kids-2014 or one interviewer-administered recall weekly, for six weeks...
September 11, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885137/effects-of-reducing-processed-culinary-ingredients-and-ultra-processed-foods-in-the-brazilian-diet-a-cardiovascular-modelling-study
#13
Patrícia Vl Moreira, Lirije Hyseni, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Ana Paula B Martins, Larissa G Baraldi, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty, Maria Guzman-Castillo
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of reducing saturated fat, trans-fat, salt and added sugar from processed culinary ingredients and ultra-processed foods in the Brazilian diet on preventing cardiovascular deaths by 2030. DESIGN: A modelling study. SETTING: Data were obtained from the Brazilian Household Budget Survey 2008/2009. All food items purchased were categorized into food groups according to the NOVA classification. We estimated the energy and nutrient profile of foods then used the IMPACT Food Policy model to estimate the reduction in deaths from CVD up to 2030 in three scenarios...
September 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879835/the-nutritional-quality-of-new-zealand-breakfast-cereals-an-update
#14
Lynne Chepulis, Shaunie Hill, Gael Mearns
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nutritional quality of New Zealand breakfast cereals in 2013 and 2017. DESIGN: Nutrition Information Panel data were collected from all cereals available from two large supermarket chains in 2017 and compared with earlier published data collected in 2013. SETTING: Urban New Zealand supermarkets. SUBJECTS: The nutritional content of breakfast cereals ('biscuits and bites', 'brans', 'bubbles, flakes and puffs', 'children's cereals', 'muesli' and 'oats') was analysed for total energy, protein, fat (total and saturated), carbohydrate, sugar, fibre and Na...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879834/prospective-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-body-composition-changes-in-european-children-the-idefics-study
#15
Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Gabriele Eiben, Antje Hebestreit, Yannis A Kourides, Eva Kovacs, Nathalie Michels, Valeria Pala, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Tomas Veidebaum, Luis A Moreno, Claudia Börnhorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary patterns by applying cluster analysis and to describe the cluster memberships of European children over time and their association with body composition changes. DESIGN: The analyses included k-means clustering based on the similarities between the relative frequencies of consumption of forty-three food items and regression models were fitted to assess the association between dietary patterns and body composition changes. SETTING: Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879832/supermarket-access-transport-mode-and-bmi-the-potential-for-urban-design-and-planning-policy-across-socio-economic-areas
#16
Maureen Murphy, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dietary intake, BMI and supermarket access at varying geographic scales and transport modes across areas of socio-economic disadvantage, and to evaluate the implementation of an urban planning policy that provides guidance on spatial access to supermarkets. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study used generalised estimating equations to investigate associations between supermarket density and proximity, vegetable and fruit intake and BMI at five geographic scales representing distances people travel to purchase food by varying transport modes...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879831/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-swedish-adults-across-categories-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-food
#17
Camilla Sjörs, Fredrik Hedenus, Arvid Sjölander, Annika Tillander, Katarina Bälter
OBJECTIVE: To explore associations between diet-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), nutrient intakes and adherence to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations among Swedish adults. DESIGN: Diet was assessed by 4d food records in the Swedish National Dietary Survey. GHGE was estimated by linking all foods to carbon dioxide equivalents, using data from life cycle assessment studies. Participants were categorized into quartiles of energy-adjusted GHGE and differences between GHGE groups regarding nutrient intakes and adherence to nutrient recommendations were explored...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879830/the-legislative-framework-for-salt-iodization-in-asia-and-the-pacific-and-its-impact-on-programme-implementation
#18
Karen Codling, Christiane Rudert, France Bégin, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas
OBJECTIVE: Fortification of food-grade (edible) salt with iodine is recommended as a safe, cost-effective and sustainable strategy for the prevention of iodine-deficiency disorders. The present paper examines the legislative framework for salt iodization in Asian countries. DESIGN: We reviewed salt iodization legislation in thirty-six countries in Asia and the Pacific. We obtained copies of existing and draft legislation for salt iodization from UNICEF country offices and the WHO's Global Database of Implementation of Nutrition Actions...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879827/the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-stunting-among-infants-aged-6-months-in-a-peri-urban-south-african-community
#19
Tonderayi M Matsungo, Herculina S Kruger, Mieke Faber, Marinel Rothman, Cornelius M Smuts
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with stunting in 6-month-old South African infants. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was part of the baseline of a randomized controlled trial. Weight-for-length, length-for-age and weight-for-age Z-scores were based on the WHO classification. Blood samples were analysed for Hb, plasma ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR). Socio-economic, breast-feeding and complementary feeding practices were assessed by questionnaire...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879825/changes-in-consumption-of-food-away-from-home-and-intakes-of-energy-and-other-nutrients-among-us-working-age-adults-2005-2014
#20
Jessica E Todd
OBJECTIVE: To document changes in consumption of food away from home (FAFH) and intakes of selected nutrients by working-age adults between 2005-06 and 2013-14, covering the most recent recessionary period and recovery. DESIGN: Means were compared across survey rounds relative to 2005-06. Multivariate regression was used to account for changes in demographic characteristics over time. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005-2014...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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