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Public Health Nutrition

M Mofizul Islam, Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Nazrul Islam Mondal
OBJECTIVE: Rates of migration have increased substantially in recent years and so has the number of left-behind children (LBC). We investigated the impact of parental migration on nutritional disorders of LBC in Bangladesh. DESIGN: We analysed data from the nationally representative cross-sectional Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2012-2013. Child stunting, wasting and underweight were used as measures of nutritional disorders. Descriptive statistics were used to describe characteristics of the respondents and to compare nutritional outcomes based on status of parental migration...
November 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Maria Carlota Dao, Amy F Subar, Marisol Warthon-Medina, Janet E Cade, Tracy Burrows, Rebecca K Golley, Nita G Forouhi, Matthew Pearce, Bridget A Holmes
OBJECTIVE: A wide variety of methods are available to assess dietary intake, each one with different strengths and weaknesses. Researchers face multiple challenges when diet and nutrition need to be accurately assessed, particularly in the selection of the most appropriate dietary assessment method for their study. The goal of the current collaborative work is to present a collection of available resources for dietary assessment implementation.Design/Setting/ParticipantsAs a follow-up to the 9th International Conference on Diet and Physical Activity Methods held in 2015, developers of dietary assessment toolkits agreed to collaborate in the preparation of the present paper, which provides an overview of each toolkit...
November 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Mark Pertschuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Atakan Comba, Emre Demir, Nadiye Barış Eren
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine nutritional status and related factors among schoolchildren in Çorum, Central Anatolia, Turkey. DESIGN: Schoolchildren's height and weight were measured to calculate BMI and BMI Z-scores. Height, weight and BMI Z-scores were analysed and nutritional status classified according to the WHO. SETTING: Central Anatolia, Turkey.ParticipantsSchoolchildren aged 5-17 years (n 1684) participated in study. RESULTS: Of children, 4·2% were stunted, 6·9% thin, 13·8% overweight and 6·6% were obese...
November 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Ying Shen, Philippa Clarke, Iris N Gomez-Lopez, Alex B Hill, Daniel M Romero, Robert Goodspeed, Veronica J Berrocal, Vg Vinod Vydiswaran, Tiffany C Veinot
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of using social media to assess the consumer nutrition environment by comparing sentiment expressed in Yelp reviews with information obtained from a direct observation audit instrument for grocery stores. DESIGN: Trained raters used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores (NEMS-S) in 100 grocery stores from July 2015 to March 2016. Yelp reviews were available for sixty-nine of these stores and were retrieved in February 2017 using the Yelp Application Program Interface...
November 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Md Belal Hossain, Fouzia Khanam, Fahmida Akter, Mahmood Parvez, Fakir Md Yunus, Kaosar Afsana, Mahfuzar Rahman
OBJECTIVE: Childhood stunting remains a major public health concern in Bangladesh. To accelerate the reduction rate of stunting, special focus is required during the first 23 months of a child's life when the bulk of growth takes place. Therefore the present study explored individual-, maternal- and household-level factors associated with stunting among children under 2 years of age in Bangladesh. DESIGN: Data were collected through a nationwide cross-sectional survey conducted between October 2015 and January 2016...
November 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Stephanie Rahill, Aileen Kennedy, Janette Walton, Breige A McNulty, John Kearney
OBJECTIVE: To establish the factors that determine food fussiness, to explore if child age determines the extent to which these factors influence food fussiness and to identify whether parental neophobia is an independent determinant of food fussiness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the National Children's Food Survey (2003-2004). The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) assessed eating behaviours in children. The Food Neophobia Scale (FNS) assessed parental food neophobia...
November 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Zoi Toumpakari, Kate Tilling, Anne M Haase, Laura Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Interventions to reduce adolescents' non-core food intake (i.e. foods high in fat and sugar) could target specific people or specific environments, but the relative importance of environmental contexts v. individual characteristics is unknown. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Data from 4d food diaries in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) 2008-2012 were analysed. NDNS food items were classified as 'non-core' based on fat and sugar cut-off points per 100g of food...
November 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Indrapal Ishwarji Meshram, K Mallikharjun Rao, Nagalla Balakrishna, R Harikumar, N Arlappa, Kakani Sreeramakrishna, Avula Laxmaiah
OBJECTIVE: To study infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and their association with nutritional status among young children. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in ten states of India, using a multistage random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements such as length/height and weight were conducted and nutritional assessment was done using the WHO child growth standards. SETTING: National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau survey, 2011-2012...
November 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Patricia Sheean, Isabel C Farrar, Suela Sulo, Jamie Partridge, Linda Schiffer, Marian Fitzgibbon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of nutritional risk among an ethnically diverse group of urban community-dwelling older adults and to explore if risk varied by race/ethnicity. DESIGN: Demographic characteristics, Katz's activities of daily living and health-care resource utilization were ascertained cross-sectionally via telephone surveys with trained interviewers. Nutrition risk and nutrition symptomology were assessed via the abridged Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (abPG-SGA); scores of ≥6 points delineated 'high' nutrition risk...
November 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Carine Dubuisson, Ariane Dufour, Sandrine Carrillo, Peggy Drouillet-Pinard, Sabrina Havard, Jean-Luc Volatier
OBJECTIVE: Assessing dietary exposure or nutrient intakes requires detailed dietary data. These data are collected in France by the cross-sectional Individual and National Studies on Food Consumption (INCA). In 2014-2015, the third survey (INCA3) was launched in the framework of the European harmonization process which introduced major methodological changes. The present paper describes the design of the INCA3 survey, its participation rate and the quality of its dietary data, and discusses the lessons learned from the methodological adaptations...
November 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Claire Palermo, Sue Kleve, Julia McCartan, Julie Brimblecombe, Megan Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: The public health nutrition workforce has been reported to be underprepared for practice. The present study aimed to test the ability of an unfolding case study approach to support the public health nutrition workforce for the workplace, with a focus on improved access to nutritious food. DESIGN: Two unfolding case studies were trialled with undergraduate students in two-hour workshops to enhance their capability to address access to nutritious food as a social determinant of health...
November 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Stephanie L Marhefka, Vinita Sharma, Ellen J Schafer, DeAnne Turner, Oluyemisi Falope, Adetola Louis-Jacques, Mary M Wachira, Taylor Livingston, Regina Maria Roig-Romero
OBJECTIVE: Mothers' return to work and childcare providers' support for feeding expressed human milk are associated with breast-feeding duration rates in the USA, where most infants are regularly under non-parental care. The objective of the present study was to explore Florida-based childcare centre administrators' awareness and perceptions of the Florida Breastfeeding Friendly Childcare Initiative. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews were based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research and analysed using applied thematic analysis...
November 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Winnie Bell, Jennifer C Coates, Beatrice L Rogers, Odilia I Bermudez
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to demonstrate how 24 h dietary recall data can be used to generate a nutrition-relevant food list for household consumption and expenditure surveys (HCES) using contribution analysis and stepwise regression. DESIGN: The analysis used data from the 2011/12 Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey (BIHS), which is nationally representative of rural Bangladesh. A total of 325 primary sampling units (PSU=village) were surveyed through a two-stage stratified sampling approach...
November 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Muzi Na, Meghan Miller, Terri Ballard, Diane C Mitchell, Yuen Wai Hung, Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the relationship among food insecurity, social support and mental well-being in sub-Saharan Africa, a region presenting the highest prevalence of severe food insecurity and a critical scarcity of mental health care. DESIGN: Food insecurity was measured using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). Social support was assessed using dichotomous indicators of perceived, foreign perceived, received, given, integrative and emotional support...
November 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Wendi Gosliner, Daniel M Brown, Betty C Sun, Gail Woodward-Lopez, Patricia B Crawford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bridget Kelly, Kylie Ball, Bruce Neal, Helen Dixon, Trevor Shilton, Caroline Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Alison Tovar, Amber E Vaughn, Jennifer Orlet Fisher, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Regan Burney, Kathleen Webster, Tao Liu, Truls Ostbye, Dianne S Ward
OBJECTIVE: To describe the modification and validation of an existing instrument, the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation (EPAO), to better capture provider feeding practices. DESIGN: Modifications to the EPAO were made, validity assessed through expert review, pilot tested and then used to collect follow-up data during a two-day home visit from an ongoing cluster-randomized trial. Exploratory factor analysis investigated the underlying factor structure of the feeding practices...
October 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Yunhee Kang, Kristen M Hurley, Julie Ruel-Bergeron, Assumpta Bou Monclus, Rachel Oemcke, Lee Shu Fune Wu, Maithilee Mitra, John Phuka, Rolf Klemm, Keith P West, Parul Christian
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between household food insecurity and dietary diversity in the past 24h (dietary diversity score (DDS, range: 0-9); minimum dietary diversity (MDD, consumption of three or more food groups); consumption of nine separate food groups) among pregnant and lactating women in rural Malawi. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two rural districts in Central Malawi. SUBJECTS: Pregnant (n 589) and lactating (n 641) women...
October 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Maira Pinho-Pompeu, Daiane Sofia Moraes Paulino, Sirlei Siani Morais, Marina Yumi Crubelatti, João Luiz Pinto E Silva, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy in adolescence is a global health issue, especially in developing countries. Additionally, the recommended gestational weight gain (GWG) is usually based on pre-pregnancy BMI and that might be complex for pregnant teens. The study objective was to compare three different methods of BMI classification and suggest the best way of determining pre-pregnancy BMI and monitoring GWG among pregnant adolescents. DESIGN: Pre-pregnancy weight, weight at first prenatal visit, height, sociodemographic, reproductive and perinatal data were collected...
October 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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