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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641600/the-influence-of-food-consumption-and-socio-economic-factors-on-the-relationship-between-zinc-and-iron-intake-and-status-in-a-healthy-population
#1
Marija Knez, Marina Nikolic, Milica Zekovic, James Cr Stangoulis, Mirjana Gurinovic, Maria Glibetic
OBJECTIVE: To examine Zn and Fe nutritional status of a healthy population by means of anthropometric, dietary and biochemical measurements and to investigate the relationship of usual Zn and Fe dietary intakes to Zn and Fe status. In addition, to examine the impact of food choices and socio-economic factors on Fe and Zn dietary intakes and status with the aim to identify groups at risk of dietary deficiency and suggest factors that may influence the status of these nutrients. DESIGN: Food consumption was assessed by 24 h recall questionnaires...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641598/progress-towards-elimination-of-trans-fatty-acids-in-foods-commonly-consumed-in-four-latin-american-cities
#2
Rafael Monge-Rojas, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Enrique Jacoby, Thelma Alfaro, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo, Salvador Villalpando, Claudio Bernal
OBJECTIVE: To assess progress towards the elimination of trans-fatty acids (TFA) in foods after the 2008 Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommendation of virtual elimination of TFA in Latin America. DESIGN: A descriptive, comparative analysis of foods that were likely to contain TFA and were commonly consumed in four cities in Latin America. SETTING: San José (Costa Rica), Mexico City (Mexico), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Buenos Aires (Argentina)...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641594/relationship-between-abdominal-obesity-and-alcohol-drinking-pattern-in-normal-weight-middle-aged-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#3
Kye-Yeung Park, Hoon-Ki Park, Hwan-Sik Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal obesity is associated with obesity-related health risks regardless of body weight. The present study aimed to determine whether alcohol drinking pattern is associated with abdominal obesity in normal-weight, middle-aged adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using complex sampling design analyses. SETTING: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2008 to 2013. SUBJECTS: Normal-weight participants aged 40-69 years with BMI of 18·5-25·0 kg/m2 (n 11 289, 4491 men and 6798 women) were included...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633691/dietary-gap-assessment-an-approach-for-evaluating-whether-a-country-s-food-supply-can-support-healthy-diets-at-the-population-level
#4
Edye M Kuyper, Reina Engle-Stone, Joanne E Arsenault, Mary Arimond, Katherine P Adams, Kathryn G Dewey
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity, and in particular consumption of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and animal-source foods, is linked to greater nutrient adequacy. We developed a 'dietary gap assessment' to evaluate the degree to which a nation's food supply could support healthy diets at the population level. Design/Setting In the absence of global food-based dietary guidelines, we selected the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an example because there is evidence it prevents diet-related chronic disease and supports adequate micronutrient intakes...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633689/the-relationship-between-community-nutritionists-use-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-prevent-obesity-and-its-determinants-depends-on-networking
#5
Angela H Lu, Katherine L Dickin, Mark A Constas, Jamie S Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the relationship between the constructs of background factors and beliefs towards using policy, systems and environmental (PSE) strategies and reported use of PSE strategies to prevent obesity by a group of professional nutrition educators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-reported survey. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York, USA. SUBJECTS: Nutrition educators (n 58); survey response rate 100 %...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633687/facilitators-and-barriers-experienced-by-federal-cross-sector-partners-during-the-implementation-of-a-healthy-eating-campaign
#6
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Sophie Desroches, Marie Marquis, Mylène Turcotte, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To identify facilitators and barriers that Health Canada's (HC) cross-sector partners experienced while implementing the Eat Well Campaign: Food Skills (EWC; 2013-2014) and describe how these experiences might differ according to distinct partner types. DESIGN: A qualitative study using hour-long semi-structured telephone interviews conducted with HC partners that were transcribed verbatim. Facilitators and barriers were identified inductively and analysed according partner types...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633684/double-burden-of-underweight-and-overweight-among-bangladeshi-adults-differs-between-men-and-women-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#7
Mohammad E Hoque, Md T Hasan, Muntasirur Rahman, Kurt Z Long, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of underweight and overweight among Bangladeshi adults and to determine if the double burden of underweight and overweight differs by gender and other socio-economic characteristics of individuals. DESIGN: We used data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Multinominal logistic regression was used to examine associations between the different nutritional statuses of individuals and related determinants. Interaction effect was checked between gender and various socio-economic factors...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629489/eating-down-or-simply-eating-less-the-diet-and-health-implications-of-these-practices-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-in-rural-bangladesh
#8
Kassandra L Harding, Susana L Matias, Malay K Mridha, Stephen A Vosti, Sohrab Hussain, Kathryn G Dewey, Christine P Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To: (i) determine the prevalence of self-reported eating less and eating down during early and late pregnancy and postpartum, and explore risk factors associated with eating less; (ii) examine the association between eating less and diet quality; and (iii) determine the association between eating less and weight gain during pregnancy. DESIGN: Data were collected longitudinally from a cohort of women participating in a community health programme. Diet was assessed at three time points (≤20 weeks' gestation, 36 weeks' gestation, 6 months' postpartum), body weight was measured during study enrolment (≤20 weeks' gestation) and at 36 weeks' gestation, and information about the woman and her household was collected at enrolment...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#9
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625232/breast-feeding-duration-for-the-prevention-of-excess-body-weight-of-mother-child-pairs-concurrently-a-2-year-cohort-study
#10
Marco Fabio Mastroeni, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Sandra Ana Czarnobay, John Paul Ekwaru, Sarah A Loehr, Paul J Veugelers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between breast-feeding duration and the risk of excess body weight (children >85th percentile, mothers BMI≥25·0 kg/m2) concurrently in mother-child pairs two years after delivery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in Joinville, Brazil. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the independent relationship between breast-feeding duration and risk of excess body weight. SETTING: Brazilian public maternity hospital...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625228/warnings-as-a-directive-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling-scheme-comparison-with-the-guideline-daily-amount-and-traffic-light-systems
#11
Alejandra Arrúa, Leandro Machín, María Rosa Curutchet, Joseline Martínez, Lucía Antúnez, Florencia Alcaire, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: Warnings have recently been proposed as a new type of directive front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling scheme to flag products with high content of key nutrients. In the present work, this system was compared with the two most common FOP nutrition labelling schemes (Guideline Daily Amounts (GDA) and traffic-light system) in terms of goal-directed attention, influence on perceived healthfulness and ability to differentiate between products. Design/Setting/Subjects Goal-directed attention to FOP labels was evaluated using a visual search task in which participants were presented with labels on a computer screen and were asked to indicate whether labels with high sodium content were present or absent...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625223/ultra-processed-foods-and-added-sugars-in-the-chilean-diet-2010
#12
Gustavo Cediel, Marcela Reyes, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Euridice Martinez Steele, Carlos A Monteiro, Camila Corvalán, Ricardo Uauy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the consumption of ultra-processed foods and analyse its association with the content of added sugars in the Chilean diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of national dietary data obtained through 24 h recalls and classified into food groups according to the extent and purpose of food processing (NOVA classification). SETTING: Chile. SUBJECTS: A probabilistic sample of 4920 individuals (aged 2 years or above) studied in 2010 by a national dietary survey (Encuesta Nacional de Consumo Alimentario)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625211/paying-for-convenience-comparing-the-cost-of-takeaway-meals-with-their-healthier-home-cooked-counterparts-in-new-zealand
#13
Sally Mackay, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Pei Xie, Amanda Lee, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVE: Convenience and cost impact on people's meal decisions. Takeaway and pre-prepared foods save preparation time but may contribute to poorer-quality diets. Analysing the impact of time on relative cost differences between meals of varying convenience contributes to understanding the barrier of time to selecting healthy meals. DESIGN: Six popular New Zealand takeaway meals were identified from two large national surveys and compared with similar, but healthier, home-made and home-assembled meals that met nutrition targets consistent with New Zealand Eating and Activity Guidelines...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625206/organic-food-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-health-related-characteristics-the-koala-birth-cohort-study
#14
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí, Eugene Hjm Jansen, Martien Cjm van Dongen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carel Thijs
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of organic food consumption with maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and several blood biomarkers of pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited at midwives' practices and through channels related to consumption of food from organic origin. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women who filled in FFQ and donated a blood sample (n 1339)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625202/development-and-evaluation-of-the-dutch-healthy-diet-index-2015
#15
Moniek Looman, Edith Jm Feskens, Mariëlle de Rijk, Saskia Meijboom, Sander Biesbroek, Elisabeth Hm Temme, Jeanne de Vries, Anouk Geelen
OBJECTIVE: To update the Dutch Healthy Diet index, a measure of diet quality, to reflect adherence to the Dutch dietary guidelines 2015 and to evaluate against participants' characteristics and nutrient intakes with the score based on 24 h recall (24 hR) data and FFQ data. DESIGN: The Dutch Healthy Diet index 2015 (DHD15-index) consists of fifteen components representing the fifteen food-based Dutch dietary guidelines of 2015. Per component the score ranges between 0 and 10, resulting in a total score between 0 (no adherence) and 150 (complete adherence)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592344/whole-grain-intake-of-australians-estimated-from-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-dietary-intake-data-from-the-2011-13-australian-health-survey
#16
Leanne M Galea, Eleanor J Beck, Yasmine C Probst, Chris J Cashman
OBJECTIVE: The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current recommendations...
June 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587693/content-analysis-of-targeted-food-and-beverage-advertisements-in-a-chinese-american-neighbourhood
#17
Marie A Bragg, Yrvane K Pageot, Olivia Hernández-Villarreal, Sue A Kaplan, Simona C Kwon
OBJECTIVES: The current descriptive study aimed to: (i) quantify the number and type of advertisements (ads) located in a Chinese-American neighbourhood in a large, urban city; and (ii) catalogue the targeted marketing themes used in the food/beverage ads. DESIGN: Ten pairs of trained research assistants photographed all outdoor ads in a 0·6 mile2 (1·6 km2) area where more than 60·0 % of residents identify as Chinese American. We used content analysis to assess the marketing themes of ads, including references to: Asian cultures; health; various languages; children; food or beverage type (e...
June 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587691/exploring-the-influence-of-local-food-environments-on-food-behaviours-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#18
Erin Pitt, Danielle Gallegos, Tracy Comans, Cate Cameron, Lukar Thornton
OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews investigating associations between objective measures of the food environment and dietary behaviours or health outcomes have not established a consistent evidence base. The present paper aims to synthesise qualitative evidence regarding the influence of local food environments on food and purchasing behaviours. DESIGN: A systematic review in the form of a qualitative thematic synthesis. SETTING: Urban localities...
June 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583222/maternal-perception-of-child-overweight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-parenting-practices-their-children-s-health-behaviours-and-weight-change-in-china
#19
Jungwon Min, Vivian Hc Wang, Hong Xue, Jie Mi, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has increased rapidly in China, but understanding is limited on how parents perceive their child's weight status and how this perception affects weight-related parenting practices. We examined maternal perception of her child's weight status and its association with demographics, subsequent weight-related parenting practices, the child's health behaviours and weight change. Design/Setting/Subjects Maternal perception of child's weight status and health behaviours from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys were assessed at baseline and in follow-up surveys for 816 children aged 6-18 years during 2004-2011...
June 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578753/grandmothers-knowledge-positively-influences-maternal-knowledge-and-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices
#20
Chandni Karmacharya, Kenda Cunningham, Jowel Choufani, Suneetha Kadiyala
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between grandmothers' knowledge and infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and to test whether the associations are independent of or operate via maternal knowledge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional household survey data from households with a child under 5 years (n 4080). We used multivariate regression analyses, adjusted for child, maternal, grandmother and household characteristics, and district-level clustering, to test associations between grandmothers' knowledge and IYCF practices for children aged 6-24 months living with a grandmother...
June 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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