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Public Health Nutrition

Fiona Riordan, Kathleen Ryan, Ivan J Perry, Matthias B Schulze, Lene Frost Andersen, Anouk Geelen, Pieter Van't Veer, Simone Eussen, Martien van Dongen, Nicole Wijckmans-Duysens, Janas M Harrington
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may be associated with negative health consequences. However, differences between assessment methods can affect the comparability of intake data across studies. The current review aimed to identify methods used to assess SSB intake among children and adults in pan-European studies and to inform the development of the DEDIPAC (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity) toolbox of methods suitable for use in future European studies...
October 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Máximo Rossi, Zuleika Ferre, María Rosa Curutchet, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factor structure of the Latin American & Caribbean Household Food Security Scale (ELCSA) and to study the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on each of the identified dimensions in Montevideo, Uruguay. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of urban households. Household food insecurity was measured using the ELCSA. The percentage of respondents who gave affirmative responses for each of the items of the ELCSA was determined...
October 17, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Dan J Graham, Rachel G Lucas-Thompson, Megan P Mueller, Melanie Jaeb, Lisa Harnack
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether parent/child pairs would select more healthful foods when: (i) products were labelled with front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labels relative to packages without labels; (ii) products were labelled with colour-coded Multiple Traffic Light (MTL) FOP labels relative to monochromatic Facts up Front (FuF) FOP labels; and (iii) FOP labels were explained via in-aisle signage v. unexplained. DESIGN: Participants were randomly assigned to one of five conditions: (i) FuF labels with in-aisle signs explaining the labels; (ii) FuF labels, no signage; (iii) MTL labels with in-aisle signage; (iv) MTL labels, no signage; (v) control group, no labels/signage...
October 17, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Lyndal Wellard, Alexandra Koukoumas, Wendy L Watson, Clare Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent that Australian fast-food websites contain nutrition content and health claims, and whether these claims are compliant with the new provisions of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code ('the Code'). DESIGN: Systematic content analysis of all web pages to identify nutrition content and health claims. Nutrition information panels were used to determine whether products with claims met Nutrient Profiling Scoring Criteria (NPSC) and qualifying criteria, and to compare them with the Code to determine compliance...
October 17, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Julia Baudry, Benjamin Allès, Sandrine Péneau, Mathilde Touvier, Caroline Méjean, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Denis Lairon, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess dietary profiles of adults from the NutriNet-Santé cohort according to different levels of organic food consumption using detailed self-reported data on organic food intakes. DESIGN: Food intakes were obtained using an organic food frequency questionnaire (Org-FFQ). The participants were ranked into five groups (quintiles, Q) according to the proportion of organic foods in their diet. To determine diet quality, two scores were computed reflecting adherence to food-based recommendations (mPNNS-GS) and the probability of adequate nutrient intake (PANDiet)...
October 12, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Laura Trijsburg, Anouk Geelen, Peter Ch Hollman, Paul Jm Hulshof, Edith Jm Feskens, Pieter Van't Veer, Hendriek C Boshuizen, Jeanne Hm de Vries
OBJECTIVE: As misreporting, mostly under-reporting, of dietary intake is a generally known problem in nutritional research, we aimed to analyse the association between selected determinants and the extent of misreporting by the duplicate portion method (DP), 24 h recall (24hR) and FFQ by linear regression analysis using the biomarker values as unbiased estimates. DESIGN: For each individual, two DP, two 24hR, two FFQ and two 24 h urinary biomarkers were collected within 1·5 years...
October 11, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Shona Cawley, Laura Mullaney, Rachel Kennedy, Maria Farren, Daniel McCartney, Michael J Turner
OBJECTIVE: To provide accurate estimates of the commencement time, duration and dosage of folic acid (FA) supplementation taken by Irish women in the periconceptional period. The study also aimed to establish the factors associated with optimal FA supplementation practices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. Women's clinical and sociodemographic details were computerised. Maternal weight and height were measured before calculating BMI. Detailed FA supplementation questionnaires were completed under the supervision of a trained researcher...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Jessica R Bogard, Geoffrey C Marks, Abdullah Mamun, Shakuntala H Thilsted
OBJECTIVE: Fish is the most important animal-source food (ASF) in Bangladesh, produced from capture fisheries (non-farmed) and aquaculture (farmed) sub-sectors. Large differences in micronutrient content of fish species from these sub-sectors exist. The importance of fish in diets of vulnerable groups compared with other ASF; contribution from non-farmed and farmed species to nutrient intakes; and differences in fish consumption among age, gender, wealth groups and geographic regions were analysed, using quantitative intra-household fish consumption data, focusing on the first 1000 d of life...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Baukje de Roos, Ferdinando Binacchi, Stephen Whybrow, Alan A Sneddon
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively analyse expenditure on all fresh foods, fruits and vegetables (F&V) and fish across urban and rural households in Scotland. Fresh foods were chosen since, in general, they are perceived to contribute more to health than processed foods. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis of purchase data of all foods brought into the home during 2012 from the Kantar Worldpanel database. Purchase data were restricted to fresh, unprocessed and raw foods or 'fresh to frozen' foods where freezing was part of harvesting...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Lisa J Ware, Bianca Swanepoel, Aletta E Schutte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Christine A Vaughan, Deborah A Cohen, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Gerald P Hunter, Tamara Dubowitz
OBJECTIVE: To examine where residents in an area with limited access to healthy foods (an urban food desert) purchased healthier and less healthy foods. DESIGN: Food shopping receipts were collected over a one-week period in 2013. These were analysed to describe where residents shopped for food and what types of food they bought. SETTING: Two low-income, predominantly African-American neighbourhoods with limited access to healthy foods in Pittsburgh, PA, USA...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Xiaopeng Ji, Michael A Grandner, Jianghong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To review articles on the relationship of dietary and circulating micronutrients with sleep patterns, and to identify issues surrounding implications for future research and public health practice. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted. PubMed, Embase and Scopus were searched through January 2016. SETTING: Both experimental and observational studies were included. However, studies that focused on secondary sleep impairment due to comorbidities were excluded...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Rachel Golan, Ilan Shelef, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Yftach Gepner, Ilana Harman-Boehm, Shula Witkow, Michael Friger, Yoash Chassidim, Idit F Liberty, Benjamin Sarusi, Dana Serfaty, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Noa Cohen, Sivan Ben-Avraham, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Meir J Stampfer, Assaf Rudich, Iris Shai
OBJECTIVE: To generate evidence-based conclusions about the effect of wine consumption on weight gain and abdominal fat accumulation and distribution in patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: In the 2-year randomized controlled CASCADE (CArdiovaSCulAr Diabetes & Ethanol) trial, patients following a Mediterranean diet were randomly assigned to drink 150 ml of mineral water, white wine or red wine with dinner for 2 years. Visceral adiposity and abdominal fat distribution were measured in a subgroup of sixty-five participants, using abdominal MRI...
October 3, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Dorothy Li Bai, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Marie Tarrant
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of expressed breast-milk feeding in healthy full-term infants and its association with total duration of breast-milk feeding. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: In-patient postnatal units of four public hospitals in Hong Kong. SUBJECTS: A total of 2450 mother-infant pairs were recruited in 2006-2007 and 2011-2012 and followed up prospectively for 12 months or until breast-milk feeding had stopped...
October 3, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Sarah Methner, Gesa Maschkowski, Monika Hartmann
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the European School Fruit Scheme (SFS) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on children's fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption, in particular frequency. DESIGN: The study consisted of a pre-test/post-test design with an intervention (eight primary schools) and a control group (two primary schools). Children's F&V consumption frequency was measured prior to the introduction of the SFS in 2010 and after one year's delivery of F&V (2011)...
October 3, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Ulla Hautero, Tuija Poussa, Kirsi Laitinen
OBJECTIVE: Sufficient maternal dietary intake of n-3 fatty acids (FA) supports offspring development. We aimed to construct simple criteria for dietary counselling to improve intake of n-3 FA. DESIGN: Serum phospholipid FA from mothers and infants were analysed by GC one month after delivery. Dietary intake of foods during pregnancy and one month after delivery were recorded using 3 d food diaries and an index for healthy eating was calculated. Fish consumption was established by questionnaires...
October 3, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
John J Hyland, Maeve Henchion, Mary McCarthy, Sinéad N McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) associated with the diet of Irish adults. DESIGN: GHGE were estimated by applying conversion factors to habitual food consumption data taken from the National Adult Nutrition Survey, which was representative of the population. Descriptive analyses were undertaken for GHGE for the total population, as well as accounting for energy misreporting and across categories of sociodemographic and socio-economic factors and tertiles of emissions...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Libia Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco, Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Yvonne N Flores, Carole Siani, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo, Paula Ramírez, Berenice Rivera-Paredez, Eduardo Salazar-Martínez, Jorge Salmerón
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine the extent to which mealtime habits influences the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults. DESIGN: We performed a prospective cohort study. The Mealtime Habits Quality (MHQ) scale was used for assessing participants' MHQ; the outcomes of interest were gain ≥5 % of body weight, developing overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity, after 7 years of follow-up. In order to estimate the independent effect of MHQ on anthropometric indicators, generalized linear models were computed to obtain adjusted relative risks (95 % CI)...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Sophie Millar, Megan O'Donoghue, Breige McNulty, Laura Kirwan, Aideen McKevitt
OBJECTIVE: No up-to-date data on the dietary intake of Irish adolescents are available. The aim of the present pilot study was to obtain and compare cross-sectional information on habitual adolescent beverage consumption between four distinct post-primary schools in the Republic of Ireland, in 2014-2015. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observation study. A beverage consumption questionnaire was used to obtain data on beverage intake and influences on consumption. SETTING: Four post-primary mixed-sex schools in Ireland representing the following school classifications were selected for the study: urban fee-paying, urban disadvantaged, rural fee-paying and rural disadvantaged...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Solmaz Setayeshgar, Katerina Maximova, John Paul Ekwaru, Katherine Gray-Donald, Mélanie Henderson, Gilles Paradis, Angelo Tremblay, Paul Veugelers
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the association of dietary quality with prospective changes in adiposity. DESIGN: Children participating in the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth) study underwent examination at baseline and at 2-year follow-up. Dietary quality was assessed by the Diet Quality Index-International (DQII) using three non-consecutive 24 h diet recalls at baseline. The DQII has four main categories: dietary adequacy, variety, moderation and overall balance...
September 23, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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