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Public Health Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545596/unhealthy-food-advertising-directed-to-children-on-new-zealand-television-extent-nature-impact-and-policy-implications
#1
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Alanna Soupen, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively assess the extent, nature and impact of unhealthy food advertising targeted to children on New Zealand television. DESIGN: Four weekdays and four weekend days were randomly selected over the period June-August 2015. Programming was recorded from 06.00 to 00.00 hours (midnight), for a total of 432 h. Audience ratings were used to identify children's peak viewing times. SETTING: New Zealand. SUBJECTS: The three major free-to-air channels...
May 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535834/the-potential-impact-of-compositional-changes-in-farmed-fish-on-its-health-giving-properties-is-it-time-to-reconsider-current-dietary-recommendations
#2
Baukje de Roos, Alan A Sneddon, Matthew Sprague, Graham W Horgan, Ingeborg A Brouwer
Assessment of national dietary guidelines in a number of European countries reveals that some are based on cohort studies, focusing on total seafood consumption, while others are based on the content of EPA and DHA, distinguishing between oily and other fish. The mean actual intake of fish in most countries is around or below the recommended intake, with differences in intake of fish being present between sex and age groups. Many people do not reach the national recommendation for total fish intake. Dietary recommendations for fish and EPA/DHA are based mainly on data collected more than 10 years ago...
May 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535828/gaps-in-international-nutrition-and-child-feeding-guidelines-a-look-at-the-nutrition-and-young-child-feeding-education-of-ghanaian-nurses
#3
Jennie N Davis, Helen Brown, Samantha A Ramsay
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nutrition and young child feeding (YCF) education and training of nurses in public health clinics of Ghana's Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem region (KEEA) in relation to global health guidelines, and how nurses served as educators for caregivers with children aged 0-5 years. DESIGN: A qualitative study of semi-structured one-on-one and group interviews (n 21) following a questionnaire of closed- and open-ended questions addressing child feeding, nutrition and global health recommendations...
May 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534458/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-adiposity-from-4-to-7-years-of-age
#4
Catarina Durão, Milton Severo, Andreia Oliveira, Pedro Moreira, António Guerra, Henrique Barros, Carla Lopes
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the association of 4-year-old children's dietary patterns with adiposity at 7 years, according to child's sex, using a conceptual model. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Diet was assessed using an FFQ. Age- and sex-specific BMI standard deviation scores (Z-scores) were defined according to the WHO. Fat mass percentage (FM%), fat mass index (FMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were also considered, converted into Z-scores using sex-specific means and standard deviations of the current sample...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534456/effects-of-folic-acid-fortification-on-orofacial-clefts-prevalence-a-meta-analysis
#5
Natalia Millacura, Rosa Pardo, Lucia Cifuentes, José Suazo
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial clefts (OFC) are the most prevalent craniofacial birth defect. Folic acid (FA) supplementation has been demonstrated as an effective intervention to reduce risk of OFC occurrence. However, the effect of mandatory FA fortification of wheat and/or maize flour on OFC prevalence has shown controversial results among countries adopting this policy. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to synthesize the available evidence evaluating the global impact of this mandatory policy on OFC occurrence...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532531/determinants-of-successful-vitamin-a-supplementation-coverage-among-children-aged-6-59-months-in-thirteen-sub-saharan-african-countries
#6
Amynah Janmohamed, Rolf Dw Klemm, David Doledec
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) for children aged 6-59 months occurs regularly in most sub-Saharan African countries. The present study aimed to explore child, household and delivery platform factors associated with VAS coverage and identify barriers to compliance in thirteen African countries. DESIGN: We pooled data (n ~60 000) from forty-four household coverage surveys and used bivariate and multivariable regression analyses to assess the effects of supplementation strategy, rural v...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532529/effect-of-childhood-nutrition-counselling-on-intelligence-in-adolescence-a-15-year-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Simone de M Karam, Jose Martines, Gretel Pelto, Raquel Barcelos, Helen Gonçalves, Neiva Cj Valle, Luciana Anselmi, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effects of an early childhood nutrition counselling intervention on intelligence (as measured by the intelligence quotient (IQ)) at age 15-16 years. DESIGN: A single-blind, cluster-randomised trial. SETTING: In 1998, in Southern Brazil, mothers of children aged 18 months or younger were enrolled in a nutrition counselling intervention (n 424). Counselling included encouragement and promotion of exclusive breast-feeding until 6 months of age and continued breast-feeding supplemented by protein-, lipid- and carbohydrate-rich foods after age 6 months up to age 2 years...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532520/are-more-environmentally-sustainable-diets-with-less-meat-and-dairy-nutritionally-adequate
#8
S Marije Seves, Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Sander Biesbroek, Elisabeth Hm Temme
OBJECTIVE: Our current food consumption patterns, and in particular our meat and dairy intakes, cause high environmental pressure. The present modelling study investigates the impact of diets with less or no meat and dairy foods on nutrient intakes and assesses nutritional adequacy by comparing these diets with dietary reference intakes. DESIGN: Environmental impact and nutrient intakes were assessed for the observed consumption pattern (reference) and two replacement scenarios...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514988/how-latina-mothers-navigate-a-food-swamp-to-feed-their-children-a-photovoice-approach
#9
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Rafael Monge-Rojas, Elena Cremm, Ivonne M Rivera, Elizabeth L Andrade, Mark C Edberg
OBJECTIVE: To understand how mothers who recently migrated from Central America to the USA feed their children in a neighbourhood saturated with unhealthful food choices ('food swamp') and to formulate a mother-driven plan of action to facilitate their acquisition of foods. Design/Setting/Subjects We purposively sampled mothers with children (<10 years old) who were recent immigrants/refugees from Central America and lived in a 'food swamp' neighbourhood. We used the photovoice approach to elicit textual data from thirty in-depth interviews, a participatory workshop, and visual data from photographs...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514977/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-newest-vital-sign-nvs-health-literacy-instrument-in-general-population-and-highly-educated-samples-of-brazilian-adults
#10
Renne Rodrigues, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Alberto Durán González, Marcela Maria Birolim, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: The present work aimed at cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the health literacy assessment tool Newest Vital Sign (NVS) in general population (GP) and highly educated (HE) samples of Brazilian adults. DESIGN: An expert committee reviewed the translation and back-translation processes and the cultural adaptation. The construct validity was analysed with confirmatory factor analysis and via associations with features of the study population. SETTING: The final validation test was performed in two different populations from Londrina, a large town in southern Brazil...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511736/dietary-salt-intake-in-the-australian-population
#11
Joseph Alvin Santos, Jacqui Webster, Mary-Anne Land, Victoria Flood, John Chalmers, Mark Woodward, Bruce Neal, Kristina S Petersen
OBJECTIVE: To update the estimate of mean salt intake for the Australian population made by the Australian Health Survey (AHS). DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the data collected in a cross-sectional survey was conducted. Estimates of salt intake were made in Lithgow using the 24 h diet recall methodology employed by the AHS as well as using 24 h urine collections. The data from the Lithgow sample were age- and sex-weighted, to provide estimates of daily salt intake for the Australian population based upon (i) the diet recall data and (ii) the 24 h urine samples...
May 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488563/3-d-printing-open-source-click-muac-bands-for-identification-of-malnutrition
#12
Ross E Michaels, Joshua M Pearce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487008/universal-v-risk-based-screening-for-food-insecurity
#13
John F Steiner, Chan Zeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487006/cost-effectiveness-of-salt-reduction-to-prevent-hypertension-and-cvd-a-systematic-review
#14
Elisabeth Schorling, Dea Niebuhr, Anja Kroke
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and compare the cost-effectiveness of different interventions to reduce salt consumption. DESIGN: A systematic review of published cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) and cost-utility analyses (CUA) was undertaken in the databases EMBASE, MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane and others until July 2016. Study selection was limited to CEA and CUA conducted in member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in English, German or French, without time limit...
May 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485266/energy-contribution-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-refills-at-fast-food-restaurants
#15
Andrew Breck, Jonathan H Cantor, Brian Elbel
OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and consumer characteristics associated with refilling a soft drink at fast-food restaurants and the estimated energy content and volume of those refills. DESIGN: Logistic and linear regression with cross-sectional survey data. SETTING: Data include fast-food restaurant receipts and consumer surveys collected from restaurants in New York City (all boroughs except Staten Island), and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey, during 2013 and 2014...
May 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485260/regular-monitoring-of-breast-feeding-rates-feasible-and-sustainable-the-emilia-romagna-experience
#16
Simona Di Mario, Silvana Borsari, Eleonora Verdini, Sergio Battaglia, Luca Cisbani, Stefano Sforza, Chiara Cuoghi, Vittorio Basevi
OBJECTIVE: An efficient breast-feeding monitoring system should be in place in every country to assist policy makers and health professionals plan activities to reach optimal breast-feeding rates. Design/Setting/Subjects From March to June 2015, breast-feeding rates at 3 and 5 months of age were monitored in Emilia-Romagna, an Italian region, using four questions added to a newly developed paediatric immunization database with single records for each individual. Data were collected at primary-care centres...
May 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478781/comparing-measured-calcium-and-vitamin-d-intakes-with-perceptions-of-intake-in-canadian-young-adults-insights-for-designing-osteoporosis-prevention-education
#17
Alyson Holland, Tina Moffat
OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between perceptions of Ca and vitamin D consumption and actual intakes to inform the design of osteoporosis prevention education. DESIGN: An FFQ was used to approximate usual monthly Ca and vitamin D intakes among a group of young Canadians. Qualitative interviews and a food card pile sort activity explored individuals' perceptions of nutrient intakes. The FFQ was used to assess nutrient adequacy for individual participants and the qualitative interviews and pile sort were analysed using thematic content analysis...
May 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463101/healthy-cooking-classes-at-a-children-s-cancer-hospital-and-patient-survivor-summer-camps-initial-reactions-and-feasibility
#18
Margaret Raber, Karla Crawford, Joya Chandra
OBJECTIVE: Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) have been shown to practise suboptimal dietary intake and may benefit from nutrition interventions during and after treatment. Cooking classes have become popular for encouraging healthy eating behaviours in community-based programming and academic research; however, literature on teaching cooking classes in CCS is limited. The purpose of the present study was to address the development and implementation of classes for CCS based on a recently developed framework of healthy cooking behaviour...
May 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463095/dietary-sources-and-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-vitamin-d-and-calcium-intakes-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#19
Cristina Julián, Theodora Mouratidou, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jara Valtueña, Marcela González-Gross, Marika Ferrari, Frederic Gottrand, Yannis Manios, Alejandro de la O, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Antonios Kafatos, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Marc J Gunter, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Inge Huybrechts
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dietary sources of Ca and vitamin D (VitD) intakes, and the associated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, among European adolescents. DESIGN: Linear regression mixed models were used to examine sex-specific associations of Ca and VitD intakes with parental education, family affluence (FAS), physical activity and television (TV) watching while controlling for age, Tanner stage, energy intake and diet quality. SETTING: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA)Cross-Sectional Study...
May 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449726/low-parental-awareness-about-energy-calorie-recommendations-for-children-s-restaurant-meals-findings-from-a-national-survey-in-the-usa
#20
Vanessa M Lynskey, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Linda Harelick, Ariella Korn, Shanti Sharma, Stephanie Simms, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVE: To assess parental awareness of per-meal energy (calorie) recommendations for children's restaurant meals and to explore whether calorie awareness was associated with parental sociodemographic characteristics and frequency of eating restaurant food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey administered in July 2014. Parents estimated calories (i.e. kilocalories; 1 kcal=4·184 kJ) recommended for a child's lunch/dinner restaurant meal (range: 0-2000 kcal)...
April 28, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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