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Public Health Nutrition

Katelyn M Godin, Ashok Chaurasia, David Hammond, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between Canadian adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and several school food environment characteristics, and to investigate differences in these characteristics between schools in provinces with voluntary (Alberta) v. mandatory (Ontario) provincial school nutrition policies. DESIGN: We used a questionnaire to assess the number of weekdays participants consumed three SSB categories (soft drinks, sweetened coffees/teas, energy drinks) and various sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Mohsen Mazidi, Andre Pascal Kengne, Hassan Vatanparast
OBJECTIVE: In a representative sample of US adults, we investigated the associations of nutrient patterns (NP) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US community-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: Participants with measured data on dietary intake and BMD from 2005 to 2010 were included. Principal components analysis was used to identify NP...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Audrey Rankin, Brendan P Bunting, Rui Poínhos, Ivo A van der Lans, Arnout Rh Fischer, Sharron Kuznesof, Mdv Almeida, Jerko Markovina, Lynn J Frewer, Barbara J Stewart-Knox
OBJECTIVE: The present study explored associations between food choice motives, attitudes towards and intention to adopt personalised nutrition, to inform communication strategies based on consumer priorities and concerns.Design/SettingA survey was administered online which included the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and items assessing attitudes towards and intention to adopt personalised nutrition. SUBJECTS: Nationally representative samples were recruited in nine EU countries (n 9381)...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Eleanor M Winpenny, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Martin White, Esther Mf van Sluijs, Ian M Goodyer
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a critical period for development of depression and understanding of behavioural risk factors is needed to support appropriate preventive strategies. We examined associations between adolescent diet quality and depressive symptoms, cross-sectionally and prospectively, in a large community cohort, adjusting for behavioural and psychosocial covariates. DESIGN: Prospective community-based cohort study (ROOTS). SETTING: Secondary schools in Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, UK...
May 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Renata M Bielemann, Juliana Dos S Vaz, Marlos R Domingues, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Ulf Ekelund, Bernardo L Horta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of consumption of dairy products and physical activity (PA) with bone mineral density (BMD). DESIGN: Cohort study with children from the 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort. SETTING: Pelotas, a medium-sized Brazilian city. SUBJECTS: The study started in 2004 and mothers/children were interviewed/measured periodically from birth to age 6 years. PA was measured by maternal proxy at 4 and 6 years and by accelerometry at 6 years...
May 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Roger Shrimpton, Sonia Blaney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Eleanor J Bryant, David Thivel, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Vicky Drapeau, John E Blundell, Neil A King
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a child and adolescent version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (CTFEQr17) and to assess its psychometric properties and factor structure. We also examined associations between the CTFEQr17 and BMI and food preferences. DESIGN: A two-phase approach was utilized, employing both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. SETTING: Primary and secondary schools, UK. SUBJECTS: In phase 1, seventy-six children (thirty-nine boys; mean age 12·3 (sd 1·4) years) were interviewed to ascertain their understanding of the original TFEQr21 and to develop accessible and understandable items to create the CTFEQr17...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sarah E Gollust, Xuyang Tang, Carlisle Ford Runge, Simone A French, Alexander J Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Reducing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is a public health priority, yet finding an effective and acceptable policy intervention is challenging. One strategy is to use proportional pricing (a consistent price per fluid ounce) instead of the typical value-priced approach where large beverages offer better value. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether proportional pricing affects the purchasing of fountain beverages at a university cinema concession stand...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Davina Mann, Lukar Thornton, David Crawford, Kylie Ball
OBJECTIVE: The present qualitative study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of participants' attitudes, knowledge, perceived effectiveness (a person's belief that his/her behaviour can contribute to environmental preservation) and behaviours relating to a sustainable eating pattern. DESIGN: One-to-one interviews (either face-to-face or by telephone) were conducted following a structured interview schedule, audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive thematic analysis in NVivo 10...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Kwabena T Ofei, Bent E Mikkelsen, Rudolf A Scheller
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition for hospital patients is crucial and routine monitoring of patients' nutrient intake is imperative. However, personalised monitoring and customised intervention using traditional methods is challenging and labour-intensive, consequently it is often neglected in hospital settings. The present pilot study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Dietary Intake Monitoring System (DIMS) against the weighed food method (WFM). DESIGN: The DIMS 2...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Maíra Macário de Assis, Maria Alvim Leite, Ariene Silva do Carmo, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Michele Pereira Netto, Ana Paula Carlos Cândido, Larissa Loures Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between social deprivation and the food environment. Furthermore, to evaluate if the food environment is associated with the prevalence of obesity among students in Brazilian public schools. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. For the classification of obesity, weight and height were measured, and the cut-off point of BMI-for-age Z-score >+2 was adopted. Social deprivation level was determined from the Health Vulnerability Index (HVI)...
May 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Naiara Abrantes Cândido, Taciana Maia de Sousa, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: Food practices in the early years of life are important to form healthy eating habits; therefore, it is essential for the caregivers of infants to receive appropriate guidance. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of different nutritional interventions on complementary feeding practices in municipal nurseries. DESIGN: Non-randomized controlled intervention study with education professionals and parents of infants (<2 years). Participants were divided into: control group (CG), standard food and nutrition education in writing; and intervention group (IG), the same information as the CG and face-to-face meetings (professionals, 8 h; parents, 5 h)...
May 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Anne McMunn, Paola Zaninotto, Eric J Brunner
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates whether the reversal of the social gradient in obesity, defined as a cross-over to higher obesity prevalence among groups with lower education level, has occurred among men and women in urban and rural areas of Mexico. DESIGN: Cross-sectional series of nationally representative surveys (1988, 1999, 2006, 2012 and 2016). The association between education and obesity was investigated over the period 1988-2016. Effect modification of the education-obesity association by household wealth was tested...
May 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Mark Lawrence, Julie Woods
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Kaisa Kähkönen, Anna Rönkä, Mika Hujo, Arja Lyytikäinen, Outi Nuutinen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between sensory-based food education implemented in early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres and children's willingness to choose and eat vegetables, berries and fruit, and whether the mother's education level and children's food neophobia moderate the linkage. DESIGN: The cross-sectional study involved six ECEC centres that provide sensory-based food education and three reference centres. A snack buffet containing eleven different vegetables, berries and fruit was used to assess children's willingness to choose and eat the food items...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Sarie Lee, Ria Laubscher, Hester H Vorster
OBJECTIVE: South Africa (SA) is in the midst of a health transition characterized by a quadruple burden of diseases and a nutrition transition. The existing nutrition transition in SA, accompanied by the coexistence of under- and overnutrition in the population, motivated the present study. Its objectives were to measure and report the changes in nutrient intakes of rural and urban black Africans over time to assess the impact of urbanization and modernization of lifestyles on dietary intakes and non-communicable disease (NCD) risk...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Vitória Negri Braz, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To verify the reliability of information, the sources of information used and the user opinions of the free mobile applications (apps) with nutritional information available in Brazil. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: We evaluated the content about nutrition of free apps available on the App Store of iPhone 5S with software iOS 8.4.1 and on the Play Store of the Android platform, version 2.3.6. For this, we compared the nutrition information provided by the app with (i) the Brazilian Food Composition Table (TACO), of 2011; (ii) food composition table: support for nutritional decision, of 2002; and (iii) the National Study of Family Expenditure: food composition tables, of 1999...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Laura Trijsburg, Jeanne Hm de Vries, Peter Ch Hollman, Paul Jm Hulshof, Pieter van 't Veer, Hendriek C Boshuizen, Anouk Geelen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the commonly used 24 h recall (24hR) with the more distinct duplicate portion (DP) as reference method for validation of fatty acid intake estimated with an FFQ. DESIGN: Intakes of SFA, MUFA, n-3 fatty acids and linoleic acid (LA) were estimated by chemical analysis of two DP and by on average five 24hR and two FFQ. Plasma n-3 fatty acids and LA were used to objectively compare ranking of individuals based on DP and 24hR...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Mohammad Nahid Mia, M Shafiqur Rahman, Paritosh K Roy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sociodemographic and geographical variation in under- and overnutrition prevalence among children and mothers. DESIGN: Data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were analysed. Stunting and wasting for children and BMI<18·5 kg/m2 for mothers were considered as undernutrition; overweight was considered as overnutrition for both children and mothers. We estimated the prevalence and performed simple logistic regression analyses to assess the associations between outcome variables and predictors...
May 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Zhi-Yong Wei, Jun-Jie Liu, Xue-Mei Zhan, Hao-Miao Feng, Yuan-Yuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Data on dietary patterns in relation to the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a middle-aged Chinese population are sparse. The present study was performed to determine the major dietary patterns among a population aged 45-59 years and to evaluate their associations with MetS risk in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional examination of the association between dietary patterns and MetS. Face-to-face interviews were used to assess dietary intake using a validated semi-quantitative FFQ...
May 2, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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