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Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710540/home-based-exercise-during-preoperative-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#1
An Ngo-Huang, Nathan H Parker, Xuemei Wang, Maria Q B Petzel, David Fogelman, Keri L Schadler, Eduardo Bruera, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Matthew H G Katz
PURPOSE: Exercise concurrent with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may mitigate the decline in function that may occur as a result of the disease or its treatment in the preoperative period. The primary objective of this single-arm prospective trial was to determine adherence to a home-based exercise program administered during preoperative therapy. METHODS: Twenty patients from a quaternary cancer center with potentially resectable PDAC were enrolled...
July 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699023/laparoscopic-uncinate-process-first-pancreatoduodenectomy-feasibility-study-of-a-modified-artery-first-approach-to-pancreatic-head-cancer
#2
Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Piotr Major, Mateusz Wierdak, Dorota Radkowiak, Jan Kulawik, Marcin Dembiński, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to discuss the feasibility of laparoscopic 'uncinate first' pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: The analysis included prospectively collected data from 12 consecutive patients undergoing elective pure laparoscopic 'uncinate process first' pancreatoduodenectomy (Group 1). They were compared with patients previously operated on with a classical laparoscopic approach (Group 2). The primary outcome was the quality of the resected specimen (lymph node (LN) yield, R0 rate, involved resection margins)...
July 11, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691147/gastric-bypass-simultaneously-improves-adipose-tissue-function-and-insulin-dependent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Adrian T Billeter, Spiros Vittas, Barbara Israel, Katharina M Scheurlen, Asa Hidmark, Thomas H Fleming, Stefan Kopf, Markus W Büchler, Beat P Müller-Stich
OBJECTIVE: The underlying causes of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remain poorly understood. Adipose tissue dysfunction with high leptin, inflammation, and increased oxidative stress may play a pivotal role in T2DM development in obese patients. Little is known about the changes in the adipose tissue after Roux-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in non-severely obese patients (BMI < 35 kg/m(2)) and since these patients have more T2DM-associated complications than obese patients ("obesity paradox"), we investigated changes in adipose tissue function in a cohort of BMI <35 kg/m(2) with insulin-dependent T2DM after RYGB surgery which resolves T2DM...
July 9, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689322/linear-stapled-gastrojejunostomy-results-in-fewer-strictures-compared-to-circular-stapled-gastrojejunostomy-in-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-surgery
#4
Larissa Vines, Thomas Frick, Stefan Aczél, Dagmar L'Allemand, Jan Borovicka, Marc Schiesser
PURPOSE: Currently, there are two laparoscopic stapling techniques to perform the gastrojejunostomy in gastric bypass surgery: the linear stapling and circular stapling techniques. The aim of the study was to compare the two techniques regarding postoperative morbidity and weight loss at an accredited bariatric reference center in Switzerland. METHODS: We compared two consecutive cohorts at a single institution between November 2012 and June 2014 undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689321/underestimated-risk-of-cancer-in-solitary-thyroid-nodules-%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-cm-reported-as-benign
#5
Sohail Bakkar, Anello Marcello Poma, Caterina Corsini, Mario Miccoli, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the risk of cancer in solitary thyroid nodules ≥30 mm in size reported as Bethesda II, and its implications. METHOD: The clinical records of 202 patients, who underwent thyroid lobectomy for solitary nodules measuring ≥30 mm, reported as Bethesda II on preoperative FNAC between Jan 2015 and Apr 2016 were reviewed. Data collected included nodule size and consistency, and final histopathology results. The risk of cancer and the recommended management according to ATA guidelines were the outcomes of interest...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612116/prevention-of-parastomal-hernia-in-the-emergency-setting
#6
Anna Lykke, Johnny F B Andersen, Lars N Jorgensen, Tommie Mynster
AIM: This study assessed safety and efficacy associated with hernia prophylaxis using a retromuscular slowly resorbable synthetic mesh for stoma reinforcement. METHOD: This was a cohort study with a historic reference group. The study took place in a high-volume surgical department. During a 2-year period (July 2012-July 2014), we included 109 patients undergoing emergency surgery with formation of ileostomy or colostomy. All patients received a retromuscular slowly resorbable synthetic mesh (TIGR®, Novus Scientific) at the stoma site...
June 14, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612114/chronic-pain-and-quality-of-life-after-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-the-comi-hernia-score
#7
Ralph Fabian Staerkle, Raphael Nicolas Vuille-Dit-Bille, Lukas Fink, Christopher Soll, Peter Villiger
PURPOSE: The Core Outcome Measure Index (COMI) is a brief and multidimensional, patient-orientated outcome questionnaire that assesses chronic pain and quality of life after groin hernia repair. The primary aim of this study was to prospectively assess the COMI-hernia score, over an extended period of time in a single large cohort of patients. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-eight male patients with inguinal hernia repair were included in the present study. Patients were recruited prospectively with an average follow-up of 3 years...
June 13, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578503/journal-impact-factor-and-methodological-quality-of-surgical-randomized-controlled-trials-an-empirical-study
#8
REVIEW
Usama Ahmed Ali, Beata M M Reiber, Joren R Ten Hove, Pieter C van der Sluis, Hein G Gooszen, Marja A Boermeester, Marc G Besselink
PURPOSE: The journal impact factor (IF) is often used as a surrogate marker for methodological quality. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relation between the journal IF and methodological quality of surgical randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Surgical RCTs published in PubMed in 1999 and 2009 were identified. According to IF, RCTs were divided into groups of low (<2), median (2-3) and high IF (>3), as well as into top-10 vs all other journals...
June 4, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528472/early-prediction-of-hypocalcemia-following-thyroid-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Alessandra Saba, Mauro Podda, Antonio Messina Campanella, Adolfo Pisanu
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomized-controlled trial was to validate the results of a previous prospective single-cohort observational study conducted in the same surgical unit regarding the use of concomitant intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and serum calcium measurement in predicting hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2015, 150 patients underwent total thyroidectomy in our department and were randomized into two groups...
May 20, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493147/modified-alpps-procedures-more-safety-through-less-invasive-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Kuniya Tanaka
PURPOSE: Although associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been advocated for treating advanced liver tumors, increased morbidity and mortality remain serious problems. Many modified procedures have been devised to improve patient safety, but some confusion persists as to benefits and risks. METHODS: Modifications to ALPPS as originally reported were reviewed to clarify their contributions to safety and their clinical relevance...
May 10, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493146/laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-oblique-jejunogastrostomy
#11
Kimitaka Tanaka, Yuma Ebihara, Yo Kurashima, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
BACKGROUND: Proximal early gastric cancer is a good indication for totally laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (TLPG) with double-tract reconstruction (DTR). However, when most of the dietary intake passes through the escape route of the jejunum, the functional benefits of proximal gastrectomy might be similar to those after total gastrectomy. Our DTR procedure was improved for easy passage through the remnant stomach. The purposes of this study were to present a novel technique for intracorporeal DTR using linear staplers after TLPG and to investigate surgical outcomes...
May 10, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493145/influence-of-the-recipient-body-mass-index-on-the-outcomes-after-kidney-transplantation
#12
Juliane Liese, Nils Bottner, Stefan Büttner, Alexander Reinisch, Guido Woeste, Markus Wortmann, Ingeborg A Hauser, Wolf Otto Bechstein, Frank Ulrich
PURPOSE: The relationship between the body mass index (BMI) of kidney transplant recipients and outcomes after kidney transplantation (KT) is not fully understood and remains controversial. We studied the influence of BMI on clinically relevant outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, all patients who underwent kidney transplantation at our institution between January 2007 and December 2012 were included. Demographic data and BMI were correlated with the clinical course of the disease, rejection rates, delayed graft function rates, and graft and patient survival...
May 10, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488004/minimally-invasive-versus-open-pancreatoduodenectomy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Małczak, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Tomasz Stefura, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to compare minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) versus open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) by using meta-analytical techniques. METHODOLOGY: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. Data from included studies were extracted for the following outcomes: operative time, overall morbidity, pancreatic fistula, delayed gastric emptying, blood loss, postoperative hemorrhage, yield of harvested lymph nodes, R1 rate, length of hospital stay, and readmissions...
May 9, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612115/survival-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-for-distal-bile-duct-carcinoma-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#14
Ekaterina Petrova, Felix Rückert, Sebastian Zach, YinFeng Shen, Jürgen Weitz, Robert Grützmann, Uwe A Wittel, Frank Makowiec, Ulrich T Hopt, Peter Bronsert, Florian Kühn, Bettina M Rau, Roman E Izrailov, Igor E Khatkov, Hryhoriy Lapshyn, Louisa Bolm, Dirk Bausch, Tobias Keck, Ulrich F Wellner, Gabriel Seifert
PURPOSE: Pancreatoduodenectomy is the most common operative procedure performed for distal bile duct carcinoma. Data on outcome after surgery for this rare malignancy is scarce, especially from western countries. The purpose of this study is to explore the prognostic factors and outcome after pancreatoduodenectomy for distal bile duct carcinoma. METHODS: Patients receiving pancreatoduodenectomy for distal bile duct carcinoma were identified from institutional databases of five German and one Russian academic centers for pancreatic surgery...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597036/outpatient-drainmanagement-of-patients-with-clinically-relevant-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-popf
#15
Sebastian Hempel, Steffen Wolk, Christoph Kahlert, Stephan Kersting, Jürgen Weitz, Thilo Welsch, Marius Distler
PURPOSE: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common complication after pancreatic surgery associated with extended hospitalization, increased medical costs, and reduced quality of life. The aim of the present study was to analyze the feasibility of ambulatory drainage and develop an ambulatory management algorithm. METHODS: Patients with POPF grade B or C (according to the ISGPF classification) between Jan. 2005 and Dec. 2014 that required persistent drainage were identified from a prospectively collected database...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573420/identifying-independent-risk-factors-for-graft-loss-after-primary-liver-transplantation
#16
Jill Gwiasda, Harald Schrem, Jürgen Klempnauer, Alexander Kaltenborn
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is the identification of independent risk factors for re-transplantation after primary liver transplantation beyond the occurrence of hepatic artery thrombosis. METHODS: Eight hundred thirty-four adult patients undergoing primary liver transplantation were analyzed. A propensity score was developed using multivariable binary logistic regression with hepatic artery thrombosis as the dependent variable. The logit link function of the propensity score was included into multivariable Cox regression analysis for graft survival to adjust the study population...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567528/portal-vein-embolization-in-extended-liver-resection
#17
REVIEW
Nisha Narula, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: Liver resection of benign, primary, and metastatic tumors is challenging and places patients at risk of postoperative liver insufficiency. This risk is largely dependent on the volume and function of the future liver remnant (FLR). It is, therefore, critical that hepatobiliary surgeons are well versed in the measurement of liver volume and function, as well as various techniques for preoperative liver volume augmentation. PURPOSE: This comprehensive review of portal vein embolization (PVE) begins with an overview of FLR measurement and progresses to patient factors to consider when choosing PVE and assessment of hypertrophy...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560568/outcome-of-carotid-artery-stenting-in-the-hands-of-vascular-surgeons
#18
Carola Marie Wieker, S Demirel, N Attigah, M Hakimi, U Hinz, D Böckler
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the procedural and clinical outcomes of carotid artery stenting (CAS) in the hands of endovascular trained vascular surgeons. METHODS: Between April 2008 to May 2013, 1197 patients were treated for extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. The proportion of endovascular treated patients was 5.0% (CAS n = 60 vs. carotid endarterectomy (CEA) n = 1137). All patients in the CAS group (44 males, median age 70 years) were treated by two senior vascular surgeons experienced in endovascular methods...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534136/influence-of-higher-bmi-for-hepatitis-b-and-c-related-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#19
Masakazu Hashimoto, Hirotaka Tashiro, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Shintaro Kuroda, Michinori Hamaoka, Hideki Ohdan
PURPOSE: Although obesity is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development, its impact on the surgical outcomes of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 714 patients with HCC who underwent curative hepatectomy. Among them, the HBV-related HCC group (n = 125) and HCV-related HCC group (n = 426) were subdivided according to the presence of body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497194/treatment-and-outcomes-of-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#20
Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Pierre Allemann, Ismail Labgaa, Nicolas Demartines, Nermin Halkic
PURPOSE: Surgery is one of the best options for curative treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Recurrences are nevertheless common (45-75%). This study aimed to compare overall survival (OS) of patients with recurrent HCC after primary resection to OS of patients without recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective review of all HCC patients operated between 1993 and 2015 was performed. Median and 5-year OS were calculated. RESULTS: This study included 147 HCC patients...
August 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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