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Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812139/groin-hernia-diagnostics-dynamic-inguinal-ultrasound-dius
#1
Henning Niebuhr, Anita König, Maciej Pawlak, Marco Sailer, Ferdinand Köckerling, Wolfgang Reinpold
PURPOSE: Although clinical examination is the gold standard for the diagnosis of groin hernia, imaging procedures can improve the detection of femoral hernias, incipient hernias, and less-common types of hernias (e.g., an obturator hernia). The aim of this study is to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of dynamic inguinal ultrasound (DIUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2010 and June 2015, 4951 clinical and ultrasound examinations of the groin area were conducted at the Hanse-Hernienzentrum in Hamburg, Germany...
August 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803414/laparoscopic-reversal-of-mini-gastric-bypass-to-original-anatomy-for-severe-postoperative-malnutrition
#2
Laurent Genser, Antoine Soprani, Malek Tabbara, Jean-Michel Siksik, Jean Cady, Sergio Carandina
PURPOSE: Malnutrition after mini-gastric bypass (MGB) is a rare and dreaded complication with few data available regarding its surgical management. We aim to report the feasibility, safety, and results of laparoscopic reversal of MGB to normal anatomy (RMGB) in case of severe and refractory malnutrition syndrome after intensive nutritional support (SRMS). METHODS: A 10-year retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent RMGB (video included) for SRMS following MGB...
August 12, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803383/synchronous-colorectal-liver-metastases-focus-on-the-elderly-an-effectiveness-study-from-routine-care
#3
Markus Albertsmeier, Andrea Engel, Markus O Guba, Sebastian Stintzing, Tobias S Schiergens, Gabriele Schubert-Fritschle, Dieter Hölzel, Jens Werner, Martin K Angele, Jutta Engel
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to analyze the use and the effectiveness of both surgery and different chemotherapies in patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CLMs) ≥70 years compared to younger patients. METHODS: Survival was analyzed in 456 patients (24.3% ≥70 years) treated for CLM in a single center using Kaplan-Meier estimation of overall survival (OS), calculation of relative survival as estimate for disease-specific survival, and a Cox regression model...
August 12, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803334/surgical-approaches-to-adenocarcinoma-of-the-gastroesophageal-junction-the-siewert-ii-conundrum
#4
REVIEW
Andrew M Brown, Danica N Giugliano, Adam C Berger, Michael J Pucci, Francesco Palazzo
BACKGROUND: The Siewert classification system for gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma has provided morphological and topographical information to help guide surgical decision-making. Evidence has shown that Siewert I and III tumors are distinct entities with differing epidemiologic and histologic characteristics and distinct patterns of disease progression, requiring different treatment. Siewert II tumors share some of the characteristics of type I and III lesions, and the surgical approach is not universally agreed upon...
August 12, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801721/surgery-is-essential-in-squamous-cell-cancer-of-the-rectum
#5
D C Steinemann, P C Müller, A T Billeter, T Bruckner, A Ulrich, B P Müller-Stich
PURPOSE: Squamous cell cancer (SCC) is a rare histological subtype of rectal cancer. It is unclear whether SCC should be treated by multimodal therapy, including surgery, or by chemoradiation alone. The objective of the study was to define an optimal treatment strategy. METHODS: Patients with rectal cancer and SCC histology were identified in the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Database between 1990 and 2013. According to treatment, three groups were defined: radiotherapy and surgery (RT/SX), radiotherapy (RT), and surgery (SX)...
August 11, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780622/outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery-according-to-large-databases-a-systematic-review
#6
Andrea Balla, Gabriela Batista Rodríguez, Santiago Corradetti, Carmen Balagué, Sonia Fernández-Ananín, Eduard M Targarona
PURPOSE: The rapid development of technological tools to record data allows storage of enormous datasets, often termed "big data". In the USA, three large databases have been developed to store data regarding surgical outcomes: the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP), the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP)...
August 5, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770343/value-of-gastrografin-in-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#7
Anna Weiss, Divya Sood, Scott E Greenway, Marco Tomassi
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) from adhesive disease presents great burden for the healthcare system. Some groups have reported water soluble contrast agents (WSCA) protocols, but published studies are underpowered. This study introduces a WSCA protocol to improve outcomes and streamline patient care. STUDY DESIGN: The study ran July 1, 2013-June 30, 2015, at Kaiser Permanente San Diego; protocol started July 1, 2014. Data was collected prospectively, on an intention to treat basis...
August 2, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755240/bridging-to-liver-transplantation-in-hcc-patients
#8
REVIEW
Dagmar Kollmann, Nazia Selzner, Markus Selzner
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is the only cure for patients diagnosed with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and HCC has become the leading indication for LT in the USA. The shortage of liver grafts results in a significant waiting time for LT with the risk of tumour progression. Treating HCCs during the waiting time prior to transplantation (bridging therapy) is an attractive strategy to reduce the risk of exceeding the tumour criteria for transplantation. Studies on bridging therapy are heterogenous and due to ethical issues, mostly of retrospective design...
July 28, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752336/acute-appendicitis-in-children-can-surgery-be-postponed-short-term-results-in-a-cohort-of-225-children
#9
Clemens-Magnus Meier, Helge Latz, Jens Kraemer, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Stefan Graeber, Matthias Glanemann, Arne Simon
PURPOSE: To our knowledge, there is no German study, which has examined the relationship between a postponement of surgery (from emergency service to standard working time) and the corresponding risk of postoperative complications in children and adolescents with acute appendicitis. The aim of this study is to examine if surgery of acute appendicitis in childhood can be postponed from night shift to the next working day without negative effects for the patient. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis (September 2001 to June 2007), the files of 225 paediatric surgical patients with acute appendicitis have been analysed concerning history, histology, course of treatment and development of complications...
July 27, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752335/risk-factors-for-morbidity-after-appendectomy
#10
Anne Andert, H P Alizai, C D Klink, N Neitzke, C Fitzner, C Heidenhain, A Kroh, U P Neumann, M Binnebösel
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk factors for postoperative complications after an appendectomy with special regard to both the time period from hospital admission to operation and night time surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent an appendectomy due to acute appendicitis and were admitted to the University Hospital Aachen between January 2003 and January 2014 were included in this retrospective analysis. Regarding the occurrence of postoperative complications, patients were divided into the following two groups: the group with complications (group 1) and the group without complications (group 2)...
July 27, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733926/perioperative-management-of-endocrine-insufficiency-after-total-pancreatectomy-for-neoplasia
#11
REVIEW
Ajay V Maker, Raashid Sheikh, Vinita Bhagia
PURPOSE: Indications for total pancreatectomy (TP) have increased, including for diffuse main duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and malignancy; therefore, the need persists for surgeons to develop appropriate endocrine post-operative management strategies. The brittle diabetes after TP differs from type 1/2 diabetes in that patients have absolute deficiency of insulin and functional glucagon. This makes glucose management challenging, complicates recovery, and predisposes to hospital readmissions...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733925/polypropelene-mesh-properties-and-type-of-anchoring-do-not-influence-strength-of-parietal-ingrowth
#12
S Harsløf, N Zinther, T Harsløf, C Danielsen, P Wara, H Friis-Andersen
PURPOSE: In laparoscopic ventral hernia repair, parietal ingrowth of the mesh is of crucial importance. Until significant ingrowth occurs integrity of the repair depends solely on mesh overlap and anchoring device. Relatively few studies have addressed the effect of mesh properties and anchoring device on long-term parietal ingrowth. METHODS: In 20 sheep, using laparoscopy, we inserted two different polypropylene-based meshes, Physiomesh™ and Ventralight™ ST, anchored with Protack™, SecureStrap™, or Glubran™...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710540/home-based-exercise-during-preoperative-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#13
An Ngo-Huang, Nathan H Parker, Xuemei Wang, Maria Q B Petzel, David Fogelman, Keri L Schadler, Eduardo Bruera, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Matthew H G Katz
PURPOSE: Exercise concurrent with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may mitigate the decline in function that may occur as a result of the disease or its treatment in the preoperative period. The primary objective of this single-arm prospective trial was to determine adherence to a home-based exercise program administered during preoperative therapy. METHODS: Twenty patients from a quaternary cancer center with potentially resectable PDAC were enrolled...
July 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699023/laparoscopic-uncinate-process-first-pancreatoduodenectomy-feasibility-study-of-a-modified-artery-first-approach-to-pancreatic-head-cancer
#14
Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Piotr Major, Mateusz Wierdak, Dorota Radkowiak, Jan Kulawik, Marcin Dembiński, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to discuss the feasibility of laparoscopic 'uncinate first' pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: The analysis included prospectively collected data from 12 consecutive patients undergoing elective pure laparoscopic 'uncinate process first' pancreatoduodenectomy (Group 1). They were compared with patients previously operated on with a classical laparoscopic approach (Group 2). The primary outcome was the quality of the resected specimen (lymph node (LN) yield, R0 rate, involved resection margins)...
July 11, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691147/gastric-bypass-simultaneously-improves-adipose-tissue-function-and-insulin-dependent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Adrian T Billeter, Spiros Vittas, Barbara Israel, Katharina M Scheurlen, Asa Hidmark, Thomas H Fleming, Stefan Kopf, Markus W Büchler, Beat P Müller-Stich
OBJECTIVE: The underlying causes of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remain poorly understood. Adipose tissue dysfunction with high leptin, inflammation, and increased oxidative stress may play a pivotal role in T2DM development in obese patients. Little is known about the changes in the adipose tissue after Roux-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in non-severely obese patients (BMI < 35 kg/m(2)) and since these patients have more T2DM-associated complications than obese patients ("obesity paradox"), we investigated changes in adipose tissue function in a cohort of BMI <35 kg/m(2) with insulin-dependent T2DM after RYGB surgery which resolves T2DM...
July 9, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689322/linear-stapled-gastrojejunostomy-results-in-fewer-strictures-compared-to-circular-stapled-gastrojejunostomy-in-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-surgery
#16
Larissa Vines, Thomas Frick, Stefan Aczél, Dagmar L'Allemand, Jan Borovicka, Marc Schiesser
PURPOSE: Currently, there are two laparoscopic stapling techniques to perform the gastrojejunostomy in gastric bypass surgery: the linear stapling and circular stapling techniques. The aim of the study was to compare the two techniques regarding postoperative morbidity and weight loss at an accredited bariatric reference center in Switzerland. METHODS: We compared two consecutive cohorts at a single institution between November 2012 and June 2014 undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689321/underestimated-risk-of-cancer-in-solitary-thyroid-nodules-%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-cm-reported-as-benign
#17
Sohail Bakkar, Anello Marcello Poma, Caterina Corsini, Mario Miccoli, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the risk of cancer in solitary thyroid nodules ≥30 mm in size reported as Bethesda II, and its implications. METHOD: The clinical records of 202 patients, who underwent thyroid lobectomy for solitary nodules measuring ≥30 mm, reported as Bethesda II on preoperative FNAC between Jan 2015 and Apr 2016 were reviewed. Data collected included nodule size and consistency, and final histopathology results. The risk of cancer and the recommended management according to ATA guidelines were the outcomes of interest...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612116/prevention-of-parastomal-hernia-in-the-emergency-setting
#18
Anna Lykke, Johnny F B Andersen, Lars N Jorgensen, Tommie Mynster
AIM: This study assessed safety and efficacy associated with hernia prophylaxis using a retromuscular slowly resorbable synthetic mesh for stoma reinforcement. METHOD: This was a cohort study with a historic reference group. The study took place in a high-volume surgical department. During a 2-year period (July 2012-July 2014), we included 109 patients undergoing emergency surgery with formation of ileostomy or colostomy. All patients received a retromuscular slowly resorbable synthetic mesh (TIGR®, Novus Scientific) at the stoma site...
June 14, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612114/chronic-pain-and-quality-of-life-after-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-the-comi-hernia-score
#19
Ralph Fabian Staerkle, Raphael Nicolas Vuille-Dit-Bille, Lukas Fink, Christopher Soll, Peter Villiger
PURPOSE: The Core Outcome Measure Index (COMI) is a brief and multidimensional, patient-orientated outcome questionnaire that assesses chronic pain and quality of life after groin hernia repair. The primary aim of this study was to prospectively assess the COMI-hernia score, over an extended period of time in a single large cohort of patients. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-eight male patients with inguinal hernia repair were included in the present study. Patients were recruited prospectively with an average follow-up of 3 years...
June 13, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578503/journal-impact-factor-and-methodological-quality-of-surgical-randomized-controlled-trials-an-empirical-study
#20
REVIEW
Usama Ahmed Ali, Beata M M Reiber, Joren R Ten Hove, Pieter C van der Sluis, Hein G Gooszen, Marja A Boermeester, Marc G Besselink
PURPOSE: The journal impact factor (IF) is often used as a surrogate marker for methodological quality. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relation between the journal IF and methodological quality of surgical randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Surgical RCTs published in PubMed in 1999 and 2009 were identified. According to IF, RCTs were divided into groups of low (<2), median (2-3) and high IF (>3), as well as into top-10 vs all other journals...
June 4, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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