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Journal of Clinical Densitometry

Khurshid A Bhat, Manisha Kakaji, Ashish Awasthi, Manoj Shukla, Manoj Dubey, Rajesh Srivastava, Uttam Singh, Sushil K Gupta
Current guidelines recommend bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in asymptomatic men above age 70 years and vertebral fracture (VF) assessment above 80 years with T-score <-1.0 with risk factors. We studied the prevalence of osteoporosis and morphometric VF in asymptomatic males aged 60 years and above in North India. Free-living community-dwelling men (n = 241, age: mean ± standard deviation 68.0 ± 6.2 years) underwent a detailed history, physical examination, biochemical evaluation, and BMD measurements at 3 sites: lumbar spine, total hip (TH), and femoral neck (FN)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Josivan G Lima, Lucia Helena C Nobrega, Natalia N Lima, Marcel C F Dos Santos, Maria de Fatima P Baracho, Francisco Bandeira, Leonardo Capistrano, Francisco Paulo Freire Neto, Selma Maria B Jeronimo
Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by a difficulty storing lipid in adipocytes, low body fat, hypoleptinemia, and hyperinsulinemia. We report here laboratory, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral content findings of 21 patients (24.1 ± 8.4 yr old, 14 females, 18 diabetics, 5.3% total body fat) with BSCL. The mean leptin was very low (0.91 ± 0.42 ng/mL), and the mean values of the Z-scores for all studied sites were positive, except for the 33% radius (Z-score -0...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Malachi J McKenna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Diane Krueger, Ellen Siglinsky, Bjoern Buehring, Neil Binkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Georges El Khoury, Hassane Zouhal, Geneviève Cabagno, Ghassan Maalouf, César El Khoury, Eddy Zakhem, Abdel-Jalil Berro, Rawad El Hage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Abdel-Jalil Berro, Abir Alwan, Hassane Zouhal, Ghassan Maalouf, Maroun Rizkallah, Rawad El Hage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Ki Jin Jung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Ki Hyuk Sung, Byung Chae Cho, Myoung Ki Chung, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Moon Seok Park
The present study aimed to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and to critically analyze the effects of a variety of factors, particularly the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities questionnaire, and the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), on BMD. Fifty patients with CP who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were included. Collected data included the extent of involvement, muscle tone, demographic data, factors determined through chart review, and laboratory results...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Seil Sohn, Chun Kee Chung, Inbo Han, Sung Bae Park, Hyejin Kim
We aim to compare the bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of patients with cervical or thoracic diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) with that in a matched control group. We also investigated the prevalence of osteoporosis in the two groups and determined the correlation between BMD and the extent of spinal DISH. From 1999 to July 2015, 65 patients with DISH underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at our institute. The control group was matched with regard to age, sex, and body mass index to the patient group on a 1:1 basis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Fredric D Wolinsky, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Sylvie F Hall, Michael P Jones, Nicole C Wright, Kenneth G Saag, Peter Cram, Douglas W Roblin
In cross-sectional studies, patient activation has been associated with better health behaviors, health outcomes, and health-care experiences. Moreover, tailored interventions have led to clinically meaningful improvements in patient activation, as well as health outcomes over time. We tested whether a tailored patient-activation letter communicating bone mineral density (BMD) test results plus an educational brochure improved patient activation scores and levels at 12 and 52 wk post-baseline as the mechanism leading to enhanced bone healthcare...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Jamilly G Maciel, Iana M de Araújo, Adriana L Carvalho, Marcelo N Simão, Clara M Bastos, Luiz E A Troncon, Carlos E G Salmon, Francisco J A de Paula, Marcello H Nogueira-Barbosa
Several studies have demonstrated the relationship between bone marrow adiposity (BMAT) and bone mass. (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a noninvasive technique able to assess both BMAT quantity and quality. The aim of our study was to perform quantitative and qualitative analyses of BMAT and to investigate its association with bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy nonobese volunteers. Fifty-one healthy volunteers, 21 men and 30 women, underwent 1.5 T (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the lumbar spine...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Caroline A Gjorup, Bo Zerahn, Sarah Juul, Helle W Hendel, Karl Bang Christensen, Lisbet R Hölmich
Lower limb lymphedema is a dynamic condition in which tissue composition and volume measurements are affected. Various definitions of lower limb lymphedema exist but volume differences between the limbs are widely used. It is therefore necessary to have a readily available noninvasive measurement technique allowing multiple measurements of the lower limbs. This study investigated the repeatability of duplicate volume and regional body composition measurements of the lower limb using the GE Lunar Prodigy dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner Prodigy (GE Medical Systems, Madison, WI)...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Jie Mi, Kang Li, Xin Zhao, Chang-Qing Zhao, Hua Li, Jie Zhao
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and Hounsfield unit (HU) are 2 technologies used in vivo to assess bone mineral density and to predict fracture risk. However, few in vitro studies focus on the difference between the 2 technologies in the ability to determine vertebral body compressive strength. Forty-two lumbar vertebrates were harvested from 7 mature goats. All the vertebrae were imaged using clinical computed tomography and assessed by DXA subsequently. The individual vertebral body was then mechanically tested to failure in compression, to determine ultimate load and stress...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Ego Seeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
E Tabor, R Kuźniewicz, P Zagórski, K Martela, W Pluskiewicz
The Silesia Osteo Active Study was designed to assess osteoporosis-related knowledge and its relationships with skeletal status in an epidemiological population-based program. Participants were chosen randomly from postmenopausal women over 55 yr. The study group consisted of 388 patients (mean age 65 ± 7). All participants fulfilled medical and socioeconomic questionnaires and test concerning osteoporosis-related knowledge. They underwent proximal femur and lumbar spine densitometry. The mean level of osteoporosis knowledge was 7...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Beatriz Serrano-Montalbán, Ángel Arias, Ana Belén Friginal-Ruiz, Alfredo J Lucendo
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is associated with an increased prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia. We aim to evaluate the use of the World Health Organization Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX®) tool in these patients to assess 10-yr risk of fracture. Electronic searches were performed with key words relating to IBD and FRAX in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases. Summary estimates were calculated. A fixed or random-effects model was used depending on heterogeneity (I(2))...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Mee Kyoung Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Ki-Ho Song, Moo-Il Kang, Ki-Hyun Baek
Recent genetic studies in rodents have revealed that circulating serotonin plays a key role in regulating bone formation and skeletal mass. However, the reported effects of circulating serotonin on bone mass in humans have been conflicting. We determined whether circulating serotonin levels influenced the rate of bone loss and fractures in men. We assessed the effect of serum serotonin on bone loss rate in a population-based cohort of 202 ambulatory men aged 56-70 years who were followed up for a median duration of 3...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Leonardo Teixeira Mendonça, Marcelo Medeiros Pinheiro, Vera Lúcia Szejnfeld, Charlles Heldan de Moura Castro
Oral bisphosphonates are the drugs most frequently used for the treatment of osteoporosis. Clinicians usually switch between these drugs in clinical practice based on differences in efficacy. We aim to investigate the reasons associated with switching between oral bisphosphonates and to evaluate bone mass response and the incidence of fractures 12 mo after the exchange in a cohort of patients with osteoporosis seen at a tertiary hospital. Patients with osteoporosis who switched between oral bisphosphonates between January 2007 and December 2014 were included...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Pawel Szulc, François Duboeuf, Roland Chapurlat
Data on age-related differences in fat mass and distribution in men are scarce. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of age-related differences in fat distribution in men. In a cohort of 1133 men aged 20-87 yr, body composition was assessed using a Hologic Discovery A device. We assessed fat mass (FM) and FM indices adjusted for height. Interindividual variability was calculated as standard deviation, interquartile range, and difference between the 95th and 5th percentiles in 5-yr age groups. After adjustment for lifestyle factors, the FM and FM index of appendicular, gynoid, central, android, and subcutaneous abdominal compartments increased with age...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Rajesh K Jain, Betsy Bennet, Tamara Vokes
Cardiac transplantation is associated with a high risk of fracture. African Americans (AAs) are believed to have a lower risk of osteoporosis than Caucasians, but it is not clear whether they are also protected from osteoporosis resulting from the use of glucocorticoids and/or organ transplantation. We examined possible ethnic differences in 33 cardiac transplant recipients (16 AAs) in a cross-sectional analysis. In addition to bone mineral density and vertebral fracture assessment, we also compared biochemical variables, trabecular bone score, total body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and disability...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Krista Casazza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
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