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Medical Education Online

Husein Rajabali, Rizwan Dewji, Fatemah Dewji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Medical Education Online
Samara B Ginzburg, Jessica Schwartz, Rachel Gerber, Susan Deutsch, David E Elkowitz, Christina Ventura-Dipersia, Youn Seon Lim, Robert Lucito
BACKGROUND: Healthcare delivery is shifting to team-based care and physicians are increasingly relied upon to lead and participate in healthcare teams. Educational programs to foster the development of leadership qualities in medical students are needed to prepare future physicians for these roles. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the development of leadership attributes in medical students during their first 2 years of medical school while participating in leadership training integrated into a problem/case-based learning program utilizing the Leadership Traits Questionnaire assessment tool...
November 8, 2018: Medical Education Online
Mark A Ward, Debra L Palazzi, Martin I Lorin, Anoop Agrawal, Hilel Frankenthal, Teri L Turner
BACKGROUND: The Medical Student Performance Evaluation (MSPE) is a primary source of information used by residency programs in their selection of trainees. The MSPE contains a narrative description of the applicant's performance during medical school. In 2002, the Association of American Medical Colleges' guideline for preparation of the MSPE recommended inclusion of a comparative summative assessment of the student's overall performance relative to his/her peers (final adjective). OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that the inclusion of a final adjective in the MSPE affects a reviewer's assessment of the applicant's desirability more than the narrative description of performance and designed a study to evaluate this hypothesis...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
E Marshall Brooks, Mary Lee Magee, Mark Ryan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medical school curricula increasingly seek to promote medical students' commitment to redressing health disparities, but traditional pedagogical approaches have fallen short of this goal. The objective of this work was to assess the value of using community-based guided tours of disadvantaged neighborhoods to fill this gap. METHODS: A total of 50 second-year medical students participated in a guided tour of disadvantaged public housing neighborhoods in Richmond, Virginia...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Christine C Schwartz, Aparna S Ajjarapu, Chris D Stamy, Debra A Schwinn
Within the context of major medical education curricular reform ongoing in the United States, a subset of schools has re-initiated accelerated (3-year) medical education. It would be helpful for education leaders to pause and consider historical reasons such accelerated medical schools were started, and then abandoned, over the last century to proactively address important issues. As no comprehensive historical review of 3-year medical education exists, we examined all articles published on this topic since 1900...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Nikhil Goyal, Jason Folt, Bradley Jaskulka, Sudhir Baliga, Michelle Slezak, Lonni R Schultz, Phyllis Vallee
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) introduced milestones for Emergency Medicine (EM) in 2012. Clinical Competency Committees (CCC) are tasked with assessing residents on milestones and reporting them to the ACGME. Appropriate workflows for CCCs are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare different approaches to milestone assessment by a CCC, quantify resource requirements for each and to identify the most efficient workflow...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
C Stone, G Y Dogbey, S Klenzak, K Van Fossen, B Tan, G D Brannan
BACKGROUND: The need for increased expertise in evidence-based medicine and concerns about the decreasing numbers of physician-scientists have underscored the need for promoting and encouraging research in medical education. The critical shortage of physician-scientists has assumed a dimension demanding a coordinated global response. This systematic review examined the perceptions of medical students regarding research during undergraduate medical school from a global perspective. METHODS: Articles for this review were searched using PubMed, SCOPUS and Cochrane...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Erik Hohmann, Kevin Tetsworth
International migration of healthcare professionals has increased substantially in recent decades. In order to practice medicine in the recipient country, International Medical Graduates (IMG) are required to fulfil the requirements of their new countries medical registration authorities. The purpose of this project was to compare the final fellowship exit examination in Orthopaedic Surgery for the UK, Australia, Canada and South Africa. The curriculum of the Australian Orthopaedic Association (SET) was selected as a baseline reference...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Rebecca Erschens, Teresa Loda, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Katharina Eva Keifenheim, Felicitas Stuber, Christoph Nikendei, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
BACKGROUND: High levels of burnout rates amongst medical students have been confirmed by numerous studies from diverse contexts. This study aims to explore the functional and dysfunctional coping strategies of medical students with regard to their respective burnout factors. METHODS: About 845 medical students in the 3rd , 6th , and 9th semesters and students in their final year were invited to take part in the survey. The self-administered questionnaire included items on potential functional and dysfunctional behavioural-based coping strategies as well as the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Version (MBI-SS)...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Miriam A Smith, Regine Cherazard, Alice Fornari, Patti Adelman, Michelle Snopkowski, Martin Lesser
We have challenges with poor patient satisfaction scores (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems [HCAHPS]) and internal medicine resident (IMR) evaluations of voluntary attending physicians. Using an Observed Structured Teaching Encounter (OSTE), we designed a faculty development project that focused on attendings' teaching and feedback skills. To assess attending communication with interns and improve attending teaching and feedback skills. All IM attendings on the Long Island Jewish Forest Hills (LIJFH) Emergency Department (ED) call schedule participated...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Abigail E Russi, Smitha Bhaumik, Jackson J Herzog, Marianne Tschoe, Andrea C Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: The continuity provided by longitudinal clerkships has documented benefits to medical student education. Yet, little quantitative data exist on the association between longitudinal clerkships and patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study compares screening metrics of a longitudinal clerkship called the education-centered medical home (ECMH) with the standard clinical model at a student-volunteer free clinic (SVFC). In the ECMH model, the same attending physician staffs one half-day of clinic with same group of students weekly for 4 years...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Priyancaa Jeyabaladevan, Shivaani Yogalingam
The rise of doctors becoming entrepreneurs can be the solution to the challenges the National Health Service (NHS) currently faces. Doctors and medical students with entrepreneurial aspirations are creating innovative solutions to the problems patients experience. With increasing patient load and decreasing resources in hospitals, it is necessary that medical students are inspired to develop skills that will help to identify problems within organisations and have the knowledge and platforms to convert ideas into reality...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Jennifer K Brueckner-Collins, Terry D Stratton, Rosemarie L Conigliaro
There is growing evidence in the medical education literature for the aggressive need to recruit and retain the next generation of academic physicians. In 2008, the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (UK COM) developed an academic health careers (AHCs) program for preclinical medical students as an introduction into the practice of academic medicine. The goals of this elective experience included (1) highly customized training and mentorship experiences in research, teaching, and other aspects of academic medicine; (2) information and perspectives to assist students in making informed career choices, including options for academic careers; (3) access to academic career mentors and role models related to individual faculty research interests and teaching responsibilities; and (4) opportunities to network with UK COM administrators...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Marcy Wiemers, Mark Nadeau, James Tysinger, Cristian Fernandez Falcon
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's required Annual Program Review of Educational Effectiveness (APREE) has helped us improve our program and change its culture to one of continuous quality improvement. This report outlines our systematic process and describes specific outcomes it has produced over a 10-year period. We identified ways to enhance our APREE after reading articles that described various ways to conduct the process found in a PubMed and OvidSP search and relevant policies from our local Graduate Medical Education Office...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Sara Moukarzel, Christoforos Mamas, Melissa F Warstadt, Lars Bode, Antoine Farhat, Antoine Abi Abboud, Alan J Daly
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge, negative beliefs, and lack of sufficient breastfeeding promotion and support by physicians contribute to global suboptimal breastfeeding rates. Formal medical education is well-known to influence future physicians' knowledge, beliefs, and medical practice. However, less understood is the influence of social networks and processes on the exchange and diffusion of knowledge and practices related to breastfeeding. OBJECTIVES: We selected the underserved and under-supported public medical school in Lebanon to examine the social side of medical education...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Monica R Hill, Shelby Goicochea, Lisa J Merlo
BACKGROUND: Medical student exposure to stressors is associated with depression, burnout, somatic distress, decreases in empathy, serious thoughts about dropping out of medical school, suicidal ideation, and poor academic performance. Despite this, there have been no recent, multicenter, qualitative studies assessing medical students' perceptions of their greatest stressor(s). OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify the most significant stressors noted by medical students themselves, in order to inform the development of programs and policies to reduce medical student distress...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Clare Kreiter, Marie O'Shea, Catherine Bruen, Paul Murphy, Teresa Pawlikowska
While medical educators appear to believe that admission to the medical school should be governed, at least in part, by human judgement, there has been no systematic presentation of evidence suggesting it improves selection. From a fair testing perspective, legal, ethical, and psychometric considerations, all dictate that the scientific evidence regarding human judgement in selection should be given consideration. To investigate the validity of using human judgements in admissions, multi-disciplinary meta-analytic research evidence from the wider literature is combined with studies from within medical education to provide evidence regarding the fairness and validity of using interviews and holistic review in medical school admissions...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Zhaohui Gong
This study aimed to investigate the current situation and challenges on the development of medical massive open online courses (MOOCs) in China. A survey was constructed and the statistical analysis was adopted to evaluate the medical MOOCs. The results showed that the medical MOOC-related journal papers, conference papers, books and dissertations have risen dramatically over the past five years. In addition, the top 6 most representative MOOC platforms provide the majority (87%) of medical courses. The statistical analysis showed that PMPH-MOOC was the most influential medical MOOC platform in China...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Julian A Nasello, Marie-Sophie Triffaux, Jean-Marc Triffaux
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed a significant empathy decline over time among medical students. Scientific literature also supports the influence of group belonging on the empathy expression. OBJECTIVE: Through this study, we aimed to demonstrate whether group belonging (peers or patients) significantly influences empathy levels before students undertake their education in medicine. DESIGN: A total of 194 incoming medical students participated in our study...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Rans Nadir, Khayam Bashir, Mustafa Abdulsalam Nasir, Hassan Ali Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Medical Education Online
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