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Medical Education Online

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521660/promoting-student-confidence-in-the-osce-process
#1
Abdulla Bedir, Ahamodur Choudhury, Sheikh Naheed Chowdhury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521646/medical-students-review-of-formative-osce-scores-checklists-and-videos-improves-with-student-faculty-debriefing-meetings
#2
Aaron W Bernard, Gabbriel Ceccolini, Richard Feinn, Jennifer Rockfeld, Ilene Rosenberg, Listy Thomas, Todd Cassese
BACKGROUND: Performance feedback is considered essential to clinical skills development. Formative objective structured clinical exams (F-OSCEs) often include immediate feedback by standardized patients. Students can also be provided access to performance metrics including scores, checklists, and video recordings after the F-OSCE to supplement this feedback. How often students choose to review this data and how review impacts future performance has not been documented. OBJECTIVE: We suspect student review of F-OSCE performance data is variable...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475438/when-less-is-more-validating-a-brief-scale-to-rate-interprofessional-team-competencies
#3
Désirée A Lie, Regina Richter-Lagha, Christopher P Forest, Anne Walsh, Kevin Lohenry
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated and easy-to-apply behavior-based tools for assessing interprofessional team competencies in clinical settings. The seven-item observer-based Modified McMaster-Ottawa scale was developed for the Team Objective Structured Clinical Encounter (TOSCE) to assess individual and team performance in interprofessional patient encounters. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to improve scale usability for clinical settings by reducing item numbers while maintaining generalizability; and to explore the minimum number of observed cases required to achieve modest generalizability for giving feedback...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468575/addressing-the-healthcare-needs-of-older-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-in-medical-school-curricula-a-call-to-action
#4
Sophie M Cannon, Vipul Shukla, Allison A Vanderbilt
Medical students matriculating in the coming years will be faced with treating an expansive increase in the population of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. While these patients face healthcare concerns similar to their non-LGBT aging peers, the older LGBT community has distinct healthcare needs and faces well-documented healthcare disparities. In order to reduce these healthcare barriers, medical school curricula must prepare and educate future physicians to treat this population while providing high quality, culturally-competent care...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460606/the-relevance-and-role-of-homestays-in-medical-education-a-scoping-study
#5
Bonnie Olivia Hughes, Mosa Moshabela, Jenni Owen, Bernhard Gaede
BACKGROUND: The community-based medical education curriculum is growing in popularity as a strategy to bring universal health coverage to underserved communities by providing medical students with hands-on training in primary health care. Accommodation and immersion of medical students within the community will become increasingly important to the success of community-based curricula. In the context of tourism, homestays, where local families host guests, have shown to provide an immersive accommodation experience...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460596/using-objective-structured-teaching-encounters-ostes-to-prepare-chief-residents-to-be-emotionally-intelligent-leaders
#6
Sara Ann Cerrone, Patti Adelman, Salaahuddin Akbar, Andrew C Yacht, Alice Fornari
BACKGROUND: Chief Residents must lead, manage and mentor a diverse and often large group of residents, however there is a lack of formal leadership training throughout graduate medical education. OBJECTIVE: Development of a 3-part Chief Resident (CR) Program focused on leading, managing and mentoring. DESIGN: Each participant completes an Emotional Intelligence (EI) Inventory prior to the day-long event. Participants receive their EI scores at the beginning of the program, which features interactive sessions on leadership, management, and feedback skills...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460570/medical-student-resilience-and-stressful-clinical-events-during-clinical-training
#7
Jennifer C Houpy, Wei Wei Lee, James N Woodruff, Amber T Pincavage
BACKGROUND: Medical students face numerous stressors during their clinical years, including difficult clinical events. Fostering resilience is a promising way to mitigate negative effects of stressors, prevent burnout, and help students thrive after difficult experiences. However, little is known about medical student resilience. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medical student resilience and responses to difficult clinical events during clinical training. DESIGN: Sixty-two third-year (MS3) and 55 fourth-year (MS4) University of Chicago medical students completed surveys in 2016 assessing resilience (Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, CD-RISC 10), symptoms of burnout, need for resilience training, and responses to difficult clinical events...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399716/the-lgbtqi-health-forum-an-innovative-interprofessional-initiative-to-support-curriculum-reform
#8
Hannan M Braun, David Ramirez, Greg J Zahner, Eva Mae Gillis-Buck, Heather Sheriff, Marcus Ferrone
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395598/improving-clerkship-preparedness-a-hospital-medicine-elective-for-pre-clerkship-students
#9
Denise M Connor, Paul J Conlon, Bridget C O'Brien, Calvin L Chou
BACKGROUND: Medical students often struggle to apply their nascent clinical skills in clerkships. While transitional clerkships can orient students to new roles and logistics, students may benefit from developing clinical skills in inpatient environments earlier in their curriculum to improve readiness for clerkships. INTERVENTION: Our four- to six-session elective provides pre-clerkship students with individualized learning in the inpatient setting with the aim of improving clerkship preparedness...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317473/the-columbia-bronx-va-amalgamative-clerkship-an-effective-12-week-integrated-longitudinal-clinical-experience
#10
Jillian Diuguid-Gerber, Samuel Porter, Samuel C Quiah, Katherine Nickerson, Deborah Jones, Zeena Audi, Boyd F Richards
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools have adopted the longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC) model in response to calls for increased continuity in clinical learning environments. However, because of implementation challenges, such programs are not feasible at some institutions or are limited to a small number of students. OBJECTIVE: In January 2014, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) recognized the need to explore different LIC formats and began offering four, 12-week amalgamative clerkships (AC)...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298155/the-state-of-leadership-education-in-us-medical-schools-results-of-a-national-survey
#11
Sabrina M Neeley, Brian Clyne, Daniel Resnick-Ault
Over the past two decades, there have been increasing calls for physicians to develop the capabilities to lead health care transformation. Many experts and authors have suggested that leadership education should begin during medical school; however, little information exists regarding the presence or nature of undergraduate medical education leadership curricula in the USA. This study sought to determine the prevalence of formal leadership education in US undergraduate medical schools, as well as the delivery methods and degree of student participation...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235388/factors-influencing-the-suicide-intervention-skills-of-emergency-medical-services-providers
#12
Aidana Lygnugaryte-Griksiene, Darius Leskauskas, Nedas Jasinskas, Agne Masiukiene
BACKGROUND: Lithuania currently has the highest suicide rate in Europe and the fifth highest worldwide. AIMS: To identify the factors that influence the suicide intervention skills of emergency medical services (EMS) providers (doctors, nurses, paramedics). METHOD: Two hundred and sixty-eight EMS providers participated in the research. The EMS providers were surveyed both prior to their training in suicide intervention and six months later...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219315/near-peers-improve-patient-safety-training-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#13
Sally R Raty, Cayla R Teal, Elizabeth A Nelson, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Accrediting bodies require medical schools to teach patient safety and residents to develop teaching skills in patient safety. We created a patient safety course in the preclinical curriculum and used continuous quality improvement to make changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of resident teaching on student perceptions of a Patient Safety course. DESIGN: Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement patient safety curriculum as a frame, the course included the seven IHI modules, large group lectures and small group facilitated discussions...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178920/learning-health-safety-within-non-technical-skills-interprofessional-simulation-education-a-qualitative-study
#14
Morris Gordon, Christopher W R Fell, Helen Box, Michael Farrell, Alison Stewart
BACKGROUND: Healthcare increasingly recognises and focusses on the phenomena of 'safe practice' and 'patient safety.' Success with non-technical skills (NTS) training in other industries has led to widespread transposition to healthcare education, with communication and teamwork skills central to NTS frameworks. OBJECTIVE: This study set out to identify how the context of interprofessional simulation learning influences NTS acquisition and development of 'safety' amongst learners...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178919/the-link-between-quality-and-accreditation-of-residency-programs-the-surveyors-perceptions
#15
Renato Antunes Dos Santos, Linda Snell, Maria do Patrocinio Tenorio Nunes
Accreditation of medical residency programs has become globally important. Currently it is moving from the goal of attaining minimal standards to a model of continuous improvement. In some countries, the accreditation system engages peers (physicians) to survey residency programs. The surveyors are sometimes volunteers, usually engaged in multiple clinical and education activities. Few studies have investigated the benefits of residency program evaluation and accreditation from the perspective of the surveyors...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178917/ambiguity-and-uncertainty-tolerance-need-for-cognition-and-their-association-with-stress-a-study-among-italian-practicing-physicians
#17
Paola Iannello, Anna Mottini, Simone Tirelli, Silvia Riva, Alessandro Antonietti
Medical practice is inherently ambiguous and uncertain. The physicians' ability to tolerate ambiguity and uncertainty has been proved to have a great impact on clinical practice. The primary aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that higher degree of physicians' ambiguity and uncertainty intolerance and higher need for cognitive closure will predict higher work stress. Two hundred and twelve physicians (mean age = 42.94 years; SD = 10.72) from different medical specialties with different levels of expertise were administered a set of questionnaires measuring perceived levels of work-related stress, individual ability to tolerate ambiguity, stress deriving from uncertainty, and personal need for cognitive closure...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#18
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178915/the-relationship-between-the-monitored-performance-of-tutors-and-students-at-pbl-tutorials-and-the-marked-hypotheses-generated-by-students-in-a-hybrid-curriculum
#19
Jonas I Addae, Pradeep Sahu, Bidyadhar Sa
INTRODUCTION: There have been a number of published studies examining the link between the effectiveness of the problem-based learning (PBL) process and students' performance in examinations. In a hybrid PBL/lectures curriculum, the results of such studies are of limited use because of the difficulty in dissociating the knowledge gained at lectures from that gained through PBL-related activities. Hence, the objectives of this study were: (1) to develop an instrument to measure the performance of tutors and students at PBL tutorials, and (2) to explore the contribution of such performances to the marks attained by students from the hypotheses generated at PBL tutorials...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178914/a-survey-of-senior-medical-students-attitudes-and-awareness-toward-teaching-and-participation-in-a-formal-clinical-teaching-elective-a-canadian-perspective
#20
J D Matthew Hughes, Elise Azzi, Gregory Walter Rose, Christopher J Ramnanan, Karima Khamisa
BACKGROUND: To prepare for careers in medicine, medical trainees must develop clinical teaching skills. It is unclear if Canadian medical students need or want to develop such skills. We sought to assess Canadian students' perceptions of clinical teaching, and their desire to pursue clinical teaching skills development via a clinical teaching elective (CTE) in their final year of medical school. METHODS: We designed a descriptive cross-sectional study of Canadian senior medical students, using an online survey to gauge teaching experience, career goals, perceived areas of confidence, and interest in a CTE...
2017: Medical Education Online
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