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Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708116/adhd-medication-prescription-effects-of-child-sibling-parent-and-general-practice-characteristics
#1
Marianne J Heins, Inge Bruggers, Liset van Dijk, Joke C Korevaar
Many children receive attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication, but factors that determine medication prescription are largely unknown. This study aimed to determine the relative impact of factors on the child, family and general practitioner (GP) practice level on ADHD medication prescription. We included 1259 Dutch children aged 6-18 years with a diagnostic code of ADHD or related behavioural problems (ICPC codes P20-P22) in NIVEL primary care database. Using multilevel analyses, we examined predictors of ADHD medication prescription...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659762/effects-of-tactile-stimulation-by-fathers-on-physiological-responses-and-paternal-attachment-in-infants-in-the-nicu-a-pilot-study
#2
Min A Kim, Shin-Jeong Kim, Haeryun Cho
The aims of our pilot study were to test (1) the effectiveness of tactile stimulation by fathers on their infants' physiological responses such as oxygen saturation levels, heart rates (HRs), and respiration rates (RRs) and (2) fathers' perceived levels of attachment to infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This was a quasi-experimental design using a control group, which assessed pre- and post-intervention differences via t tests. Twenty neonate-father dyads participated in the intervention and 20 neonate-father dyads populated a control group from one general hospital located in South Korea...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638180/use-of-restraint-with-hospitalized-children-a-survey-of-nurses-perceptions-of-practices
#3
Lisa Kirwan, Imelda Coyne
Restraint is often perceived as necessary to ensure that medical procedures are carried out safely. The limited research into nurses' perceptions of restraint practices with hospitalized children hinders understanding the extent of the problem. A survey design was used to investigate nurses' perceptions of restraint use from five units in one children's hospital in Ireland. Findings revealed that restraint is a common practice, with physical and psycho- logical restraints most commonly used and newborn to 4-year-old children most likely to be restrained...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558846/perseverance-and-parents-of-children-with-complex-unsung-heroes
#4
EDITORIAL
Bernie Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26396021/association-between-health-related-physical-fitness-and-body-mass-index-status-in-children
#5
Juliano Casonatto, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Mariana Biagi Batista, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, Manuel João Coelho-E-Silva, Miguel de Arruda, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) status and physical performance in Brazilian children. The analyzed sample was composed of 978 children of both sexes (518 boys and 460 girls), aged 7 to 11 years. BMI and skinfolds were measured, and three motor tests were applied (flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness, and muscular strength/endurance). In both sexes, overweight/obese children presented poor performance in all motor tests, except flexibility. In general, overweight/obese children have an increased odds ratio (OR) to present poor physical performance (boys: OR = 3...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316521/the-association-of-children-s-distress-during-venepuncture-with-parent-and-staff-behaviours
#6
Susan Thompson, Susan Ayers, Charlotte Pervilhac, Liam Mahoney, Paul Seddon
Venepuncture and other needle-related procedures can distress children and have a lasting negative impact. Adults' behaviour during these procedures may affect children's reactions. However, the literature is contradictory and rarely considers verbal and non-verbal behaviour together. This study therefore examined the effect of adults' verbal and non-verbal behaviour on children's distress during venepuncture. Participants comprised 51 child and carer dyads and 10 staff members. Child anxiety was measured before the procedure...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311487/clinical-indicators-of-ineffective-airway-clearance-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-infection
#7
Livia Maia Pascoal, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Viviane Martins da Silva, Beatriz Amorim Beltrão, Daniel Bruno Resende Chaves, T Heather Herdman, Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho Lira, Iane Ximenes Teixeira, Alice Gabrielle de Sousa Costa
The identification of clinical indicators with good predictive ability allows the nurse to minimize the existing variability in clinical situations presented by the patient and to accurately identify the nursing diagnosis, which represents the true clinical condition. The purpose of this study was to analyze the accuracy of NANDA-I clinical indicators of the nursing diagnosis ineffective airway clearance (IAC) in children with acute respiratory infection. This was a prospective cohort study conducted with a group of 136 children and followed for a period of time ranging from 6 to 10 consecutive days...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311486/socio-demographic-correlates-of-parents-participation-in-care-of-a-hospitalized-child-a-perspective-from-a-developing-country
#8
Raghd Abdelkader, Diana H Arabiat, Sandra L Holmes, Ayman Hamdan-Mansour
Studies on parents' participation in care of a hospitalized child are rare and have not sufficiently addressed the factors prompting parents' participation in their child's care. This study investigated the relative contributions and predictive value of parents' and children's demographics on parents' participation in care. A convenience sample of 294 parents participated from four major hospitals in a metropolitan area in Amman. Parents completed two sets of measures, a socio-demographic form and the Arabic version of the Index of Parent Participation/Hospitalized Child...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311485/the-effects-of-massage-therapy-on-physical-growth-and-gastrointestinal-function-in-premature-infants-a-pilot-study
#9
HyeJeong Choi, Shin-Jeong Kim, Jina Oh, Myung-Nam Lee, SungHee Kim, Kyung-Ah Kang
To promote the growth and development of premature infants, effective and tender care is required in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The purpose of this study was to test the potential effects of massage therapy on increasing physical growth and promoting gastrointestinal function in premature infants. Twenty subjects were divided into two groups in the NICU of one general hospital located in South Korea. The experimental group (n = 10) were given massage therapy and the control group (n = 10) received routine care...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311484/association-between-risk-behaviors-and-adiposity-indicators-in-adolescents-from-southern-brazil-a-methodological-approach
#10
Danilo Rp Silva, David Ohara, Crisieli M Tomeleri, Mariana B Batista, Rômulo A Fernandes, Enio Rv Ronque, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between risk behaviors and adiposity indicators in adolescents and to discuss some methodological aspects related to this relationship. We evaluated 1,321 adolescents (55.2% female) aged 10-16 years. Relative body fat (%fat) by measurement of triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness and waist circumference (WC) were used as total and central adiposity indicators, respectively. Physical inactivity, time spent in front of the TV, the consumption of soda and/or chocolate, alcohol, and tobacco smoking were analyzed as risk behaviors...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311483/anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-iranian-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Maryam Kousha, Hoda Alizadeh Attar, Zohreh Shoar
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is being more recognized and diagnosed in developing as well as developed countries. We aimed to investigate the frequency of anxiety, depression, and quality of life in mothers of children with ASD in Iranian families. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study on demographic data and mental health characteristics of 127 mothers of children with ASD. Mothers of children with ASD had high levels of anxiety (72.4%), depression (49.6%), and low scores of health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311482/expectation-prior-to-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-11-to-12-year-old-girls-written-narratives
#12
M Forsner, S Nilsson, B Finnström, E Mörelius
Expectations prior to needle-related procedures can influence individuals' decision making and compliance with immunization programmes. To protect from human papilloma virus (HPV) and cervical cancer, the immunization needs to be given before sexual debut raising interest for this study's aim to investigate how 11 to 12-year-old girls narrate about their expectations prior to HPV vaccination. A total of 27 girls aged 11 to 12 years participated in this qualitative narrative study by writing short narratives describing their expectations...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311481/sleep-quality-among-internally-displaced-georgian-adolescents-and-population-based-controls
#13
Irine Sakhelashvili, Marine Eliozishvili, Nani Lortkipanidze, Nikoloz Oniani, Katerina Cervena, Nato Darchia
Sleep problems in children and adolescents are a significant public health concern and may be linked to a variety of psychoemotional difficulties. This study aimed to evaluate sleep quality and associated factors in conflict-affected Georgian adolescents after 9 months of forced displacement. Thirty-three internally displaced adolescents (mean age 11.4 years) and 33 adolescents (mean age 10.8 years) from the general population completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105062/protecting-children-in-research-safer-ways-to-research-with-children-who-may-be-experiencing-violence-or-abuse
#14
Duncan Randall, Anna Anderson, Julie Taylor
Children participating in research, like other children, may be being maltreated. There is also potential for exposure to abuse during research. Research training, practices and protocols to respond to disclosure and discovery of abuse to protect both researchers and children may not be sufficiently robust. Our aim was to compare and contrast research practices reported in the literature related to protecting children and to recommend safer ways to conduct research. The simultaneous increase in research with children, along with an increased willingness to listen to child victims of abuse, means that researchers must consider the protection of children in the research setting...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105061/uncertainty-a-little-bit-not-sure-parental-concern-about-child-growth-or-development
#15
Helen Mulcahy, Eileen Savage
Delays in child growth or development are significant problems for children, their families and population health. Eliciting parental concerns as early as possible to promote child growth and development requires close collaborative working with parents. There is evidence that parents delay expressing concern and that health-care professionals are not always effective at eliciting and attending to parental concerns. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of parents of preschool children who had expressed a child growth or development concern...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105060/an-empowerment-health-education-program-for-children-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-diseases
#16
Zhihong Ni, Yannfen Chao, Xiaoling Xue
Since the surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) is considered highly risky, appropriate postoperative care is crucial. After the surgery, children are often discharged with unhealed wounds, incomplete recovery, and continuing pain. Health education programs based on empowerment education model can assist clients to develop skills in self-management. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an empowerment health education program for improving caregiving knowledge, caring behaviors, and self-efficacy of parents caring for children after corrective surgery for CHD...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105059/addressing-childhood-obesity-at-school-entry-qualitative-experiences-of-school-health-professionals
#17
Gillian L Turner, Stephanie Owen, Paula M Watson
School entry provides an opportune moment for health professionals to intervene with children who are overweight, yet identification and management of childhood obesity presents challenges in practice. This multi-method qualitative study explored the experiences of 26 school health professionals in addressing childhood obesity at school entry. Methods included semi-structured interviews with service managers (n = 3); focus groups with school nurses (n = 12) and child health practitioners (n = 6); and open-ended questionnaires with school nurses (n = 4) and child health practitioners (n = 1) who were unable to attend the focus groups...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105058/comparison-of-breastfeeding-rates-and-health-outcomes-for-infants-receiving-care-from-hospital-outpatient-clinic-and-community-health-centres-in-china
#18
Chuan Yu, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee
Utilization of community health centres for child health care instead of hospital outpatient clinics is being promoted in China. To evaluate breastfeeding rates and health outcomes of infants who received health care from hospital outpatient clinic or community health centre, a prospective cohort study with six months follow-up was undertaken in Chengdu, China. Participants were 845 mothers and their infants, 417 receiving care from one hospital and 428 from five community health centres. The 'any breastfeeding' rates at one and three months post-partum were significantly lower (p < 0...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26040282/the-effects-of-three-different-distraction-methods-on-pain-and-anxiety-in-children
#19
Nejla Canbulat Sahiner, Meltem Demirgoz Bal
This study aims to investigate of three different distraction methods (distraction cards, listening to the music of cartoon and balloon inflation) on pain and anxiety relief of children during phlebotomy. This study is a prospective, randomized, and controlled trial. The sample consisted of 6 to 12 years old children who require blood tests. Children were randomized into four groups as the distraction cards, the music, the balloon inflation, and the control. Data were obtained by conducting interviews with the children, their parents, and the observer before and after the procedure...
September 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422845/does-receiving-care-in-a-medical-home-reduce-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-ed-visits-among-children-with-asthma-in-the-united-states
#20
Susan X Lin, Richard G Younge, Lawrence C Kleinman
Evidence has shown the implementation of medical home model improves care quality and outcomes. However, it is not clear whether receiving care from a medical home has any impact on racial/ethnic disparities in emergency department (ED) use by children with asthma. This study using the US National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, 2009-2010, estimated racial/ethnic disparities in ED use. Generalized liner models were used to examine factors associated with ED use. Racial/ethnic differences in ED use were attenuated after adjusting for socio-economic variables...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
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