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European Journal of Organic Chemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220876/rhiii-catalyzed-synthesis-of-isoquinolones-and-2-pyridones-via-annulation-of-n-methoxyamides-and-nitroalkenes
#1
Tyler J Potter, Yuantao Li, Michael D Ward, Jonathan A Ellman
The Rh(III)-catalyzed synthesis of 4-substituted isoquinolones and 2-pyridones by the annulation of N -methoxyamides and nitroalkenes has been developed. Both aliphatic and aromatic nitroalkenes were effective inputs. Annulations also proceeded for aromatic, alkenyl, and heteroaromatic C-H bond starting materials. Moreover, benzoic acid provided a novel nitrodihydroisocoumarin. The structure and relative stereochemistry of this compound, which is an oil at room temperature, was determined unambiguously by single crystal X-ray diffraction of its inclusion complex with a hydrogen-bonded host framework...
August 31, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147439/dihalohydration-of-alkynols-a-versatile-approach-to-diverse-halogenated-molecules
#2
Samantha M Gibson, Jarryl M D'Oyley, Joe I Higham, Kate Sanders, Victor Laserna, Abil E Aliev, Tom D Sheppard
In this paper we outline how dihalohydration reactions of propargylic alcohols can be used to access a wide variety of useful halogenated building blocks. A novel procedure for dibromohydration of alkynes has been developed, and a selection of dichloro and dibromo diols and cyclic ethers were synthesized. The dihalohydration of homo-propargylic alcohols provides a useful route to 3-halofurans, which were shown to readily undergo cycloaddition reactions under mild conditions. Finally, a novel ring expansion of propargylic alcohols containing a cyclopropylalkyne provides access to halogenated alkenylcyclobutanes...
August 7, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147438/stereocontrolled-synthesis-of-2-fluorinated-c-glycosides
#3
Anna Sadurní, Ryan Gilmour
A systematic study of the addition of C -based nucleophiles to fluorinated lactones based on 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-d-pyranoses is disclosed. This high yielding, α-selective process was found to be independent on the nature or configuration [( R )-C(sp3 )-F, ( S )-C(sp3 )-F] of the substituent at C2 . Representative, fluorinated analogues of Trehalose, Carminic acid, and the spirocyclic cores of Tofogliflozin and Papulacandin D are also reported. These glycomimics constitute a valuable series of 19 F NMR active probes for application in structural biology...
August 1, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937688/chemical-glucosylation-of-labile-natural-products-using-a-2-nitrophenyl-acetyl-protected-glucosyl-acetimidate-donor
#4
Julia Weber, Markus Schwarz, Andrea Schiefer, Christian Hametner, Georg Häubl, Johannes Fröhlich, Hannes Mikula
The synthesis of (2-nitrophenyl)acetyl (NPAc)-protected glucosyl donors is described that were designed for the neighboring-group assisted glucosylation of base-labile natural products also being sensitive to hydrogenolysis. Glycosylation conditions were optimized using a trichloroacetimidate glucosyl donor, and cyclohexylmethanol and (+)-menthol as model acceptors. The approach was then extended to a one-pot procedure for the synthesis of 1,2- trans -glycosides. This method was finally applied for improved synthesis of the masked mycotoxin T2- O -β,d-glucoside...
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780280/generation-of-dynamic-combinatorial-libraries-using-hydrazone-functionalized-surface-mimetics
#5
Sarah H Hewitt, Andrew J Wilson
Dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) represents an approach, whereby traditional supramolecular scaffolds used for protein surface recognition might be exploited to achieve selective high affinity target recognition. Synthesis, in situ screening and amplification under selection pressure allows the generation of ligands, which bear different moieties capable of making multivalent non-covalent interactions with target proteins. Generic tetracarboxyphenyl porphyrin scaffolds bearing four hydrazide moieties have been used to form dynamic combinatorial libraries (DCLs) using aniline-catalyzed reversible hydrazone exchange reactions, in 10 % DMSO, 5 mm NH4 OAc, at pH 6...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147437/-poly-cationic-%C3%AE-3-iodane-mediated-oxidative-ring-expansion-of-secondary-alcohols
#6
Jennifer C Walters, Anthony F Tierno, Aimee H Dubin, Sarah E Wengryniuk
Herein, we report a simplified approach to the synthesis of medium-ring ethers through the electrophilic activation of secondary alcohols with (poly)cationic λ3 -iodanes ( N -HVI). Excellent levels of selectivity are achieved for C-O bond migration over established α-elimination pathways, enabled by the unique reactivity of a novel 2-OMe-pyridine-ligated N -HVI. The resulting HFIP-acetals are readily derivatized with a range of nucleophiles, providing a versatile functional handle for subsequent manipulations...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078994/frogolide-an-unprecedented-sesquiterpene-macrolactone-from-scent-glands-of-african-frogs
#7
Markus Menke, Kristina Melnik, Pardha S Peram, Iris Starnberger, Walter Hödl, Miguel Vences, Stefan Schulz
Some amphibians use chemical signals in addition to optical and acoustical signals to transmit information. Males of mantellid frogs from Madagascar and hyperoliid frogs from Africa emit complex, species- and sex-specific bouquets of volatiles from their femoral or gular glands. We report here on the identification, synthesis, and determination of the absolute configuration of a macrocyclic lactone occurring in several species of both families, ( S )-3,7,11-dodec-6,10-dien-12-olide ( S - 14 , frogolide). Macrolides are a preferred compound class of frog volatiles...
March 24, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805297/pre-activation-based-stereoselective-glycosylations
#8
Bo Yang, Weizhun Yang, Sherif Ramadan, Xuefei Huang
Due to the wide presence of carbohydrates in nature and their crucial roles in numerous important biological processes, oligosaccharides have attracted a lot of attention in synthetic organic chemistry community. Many innovative synthetic methods have been developed for oligosaccharide synthesis, among which the pre-activation based glycosylation is particularly noteworthy. Traditionally, glycosylation reactions are carried out when the glycosyl donor and the acceptor are both present when the promoter is added...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491744/synthesis-of-trifluoroacetyl-substituted-cyclopropanes-using-onium-ylides
#9
Michael Winter, Christina Gaunersdorfer, Lukas Roiser, Katharina Zielke, Uwe Monkowius, Mario Waser
The use of carbonyl-stabilized ammonium- and sulfonium ylides allows for the synthesis of highly-functionalized trifluoroacetyl-substituted cyclopropanes. It turned out that the diastereoselectivities strongly depend on the nature of the chosen ylide and the employed base. The products could be obtained in good yields under operationally simple conditions.
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398954/oxidation-of-vicinal-diols-to-%C3%AE-hydroxy-ketones-with-h-2-o-2-and-a-simple-manganese-catalyst
#10
Francesco Mecozzi, Jia Jia Dong, Pattama Saisaha, Wesley R Browne
α-Hydroxy ketones are valuable synthons in organic chemistry. Here we show that oxidation of vic -diols to α-hydroxy ketones with H2 O2 can be achieved with an in situ prepared catalyst based on manganese salts and pyridine-2-carboxylic acid. Furthermore the same catalyst is effective in alkene epoxidation, and it is shown that alkene oxidation with the MnII catalyst and H2 O2 followed by Lewis acid ring opening of the epoxide and subsequent oxidation of the alkene to α-hydroxy ketones can be achieved under mild (ambient) conditions...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576740/how-to-synthesise-high-purity-crystalline-d-glucaric-acid-selectively
#11
Robert D Armstrong, Benson M Kariuki, David W Knight, Graham J Hutchings
Glucaric acid has potential applications in food, pharmaceutical and polymer industries yet no methodology exists within the public domain for isolation of this key bio-derived platform molecule as a pure, crystalline solid. Here we demonstrate the difficulties, which arise in doing so and report development of a process for derivation of free-glucaric acid from its Ca2+ /K+ glucarate salts, which are both commercially available. Employing Amberlyst-15 (H+ ) exchange resin and azeotrope drying, powdered glucaric acid is prepared at > 99...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497348/quinuclidine-and-dabco-enhance-the-radiofluorinations-of-5-substituted-2-halopyridines
#12
Gregory R Naumiec, Lisheng Cai, Shuiyu Lu, Victor W Pike
Positron emission tomography (PET) is an important molecular imaging technique for medical diagnosis, biomedical research and drug development. PET tracers for molecular imaging contain β+ -emitting radionuclides, such as carbon-11 ( t 1/2 = 20.4 min) or fluorine-18 ( t 1/2 = 109.8 min). The [18 F]2-fluoro-pyridyl moiety features in a few prominent PET radiotracers, not least because this moiety is usually resistant to unwanted radiodefluorination in vivo. Various methods have been developed for labeling these radiotracers from cyclotron-produced no-carrier-added [18 F]fluoride ion, mainly based on substitution of a leaving group, such as halide (Cl or Br), or preferably a better leaving group, such as nitro or trimethylammonium...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200938/cyclopentadienones-via-a-tandem-c-cyclopropylnitrone-cyclization-cycloreversion-sequence
#13
Ihsan Erden, Christian Gärtner, Jingxiang Ma, Gabriel Cabrera, Kate Markham, Saeed Azimi, Scott Gronert
Aldonitrones derived from spiro[2.4]hepta-4,6-diene-1-carbaldehyde and its benzo analog undergo a tandem uncatalyzed intramolecular cyclopropane-nitrone cyclization-5,6-dihydro-1,2-oxazine cycloreversion to give cyclopentadienones. Similarly, the NH-nitrone generated in situ from spiro[cyclopropane-1,1'-indene]carbaldehyde oxime leads to benzocyclopentadienone (1 H -inden-1-one) by the same mechanism. DFT calculations are in favor of a concerted yet highly asynchronous pathway for the cyclizations. Control experiments with the dihydro and tetrahydro derivatives show that the spirocyclopentadiene unit is essential for the success of the reaction, invoking spiroconjugative effects for increased cyclopropane reactivity...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104453/heck-like-reactions-involving-heteroatomic-electrophiles
#14
Bojan Vulovic, Donald A Watson
Since the discovery of the Heck reaction in the early seventies, this reaction has become a powerful tool in synthetic organic chemistry. By employing heteroatomic instead of traditional carbon electrophiles, the Heck reaction shows an intriguing flexibility. These "hetereoatomic-Heck reactions" reinvigorate the area, offering new routes to highly useful synthetic precursors and structural motifs present in biologically active compounds. This microreview focuses on early developments leading to the heteroatomic-Heck reactions (silyl-Heck, boryl-Heck and intramolecular aza-Heck), current state of the emerging area, as well as that of a few related processes...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983191/divergent-synthesis-of-cyclopropane-containing-lead-like-compounds-fragments-and-building-blocks-through-a-cobalt-catalyzed-cyclopropanation-of-phenyl-vinyl-sulfide
#15
Stephen J Chawner, Manuel J Cases-Thomas, James A Bull
Cyclopropanes provide important design elements in medicinal chemistry and are widely present in drug compounds. Here we describe a strategy and extensive synthetic studies for the preparation of a diverse collection of cyclopropane-containing lead-like compounds, fragments and building blocks exploiting a single precursor. The bifunctional cyclopropane (E/Z)-ethyl 2-(phenylsulfanyl)-cyclopropane-1-carboxylate was designed to allow derivatization through the ester and sulfide functionalities to topologically varied compounds designed to fit in desirable chemical space for drug discovery...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354019/recent-progress-in-decarboxylative-oxidative-cross-coupling-for-biaryl-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
Gregory J P Perry, Igor Larrosa
The beginning of the 21st century has seen tremendous growth in the field of decarboxylative activation. Benzoic acid derivatives are now recognised as atom-economic alternatives to traditional cross-coupling partners, and they also benefit from being inexpensive, readily available and shelf-stable reagents. In this microreview we discuss recent developments in the coupling of benzoic acid derivatives either with an arene or with a second benzoic acid derivative, a process often termed decarboxylative oxidative cross-coupling...
July 7, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736501/design-of-radioiodinated-pharmaceuticals-structural-features-affecting-metabolic-stability-towards-in-vivo-deiodination
#17
REVIEW
Lorenzo Cavina, Dion van der Born, Peter H M Klaren, Martin C Feiters, Otto C Boerman, Floris P J T Rutjes
Radioiodinated pharmaceuticals are convenient tracers for clinical and research investigations because of the relatively long half-lives of radioactive iodine isotopes (i.e., (123)I, (124)I, and (131)I) and the ease of their chemical insertion. Their application in radionuclide imaging and therapy may, however, be hampered by poor in vivo stability of the C-I bond. After an overview of the use of iodine in biology and nuclear medicine, we present here a survey of the catabolic pathways for iodinated xenobiotics, including their biodistribution, accumulation, and biostability...
June 30, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200937/diverse-modes-of-reactivity-of-6-chloromethyl-6-methylfulvene
#18
Ihsan Erden, Scott Gronert, Gabriel Cabrera, Necdet Coskun, Marco Tapken
The title compound exhibits a number of reactivities toward nucleophiles/bases owing to the presence of several electrophilic and potentially nucleophilic sites in the molecule. We explored the reactions of 6-(chloromethyl)-6-methylfulvene with oxygen- and nitrogen nucleophiles and bases as well as a carbon-based nucleophile (an enamine) and realized all possible reactivity modes predicted on the basis of electrophilic and nucleophilic positions in this compound.
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147436/hydrogen-atom-transfer-hat-a-versatile-strategy-for-substrate-activation-in-photocatalyzed-organic-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Luca Capaldo, Davide Ravelli
The adoption of hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) in a photocatalytic approach, in which an excited catalyst is responsible for substrate activation, offers unique opportunities in organic synthesis, enabling the straightforward activation of R-H (R = C, Si, S) bonds in desired reagents. Either a direct strategy, based on the intrinsic reactivity of a limited number of photocatalysts in the excited state, or an indirect one, in which a photocatalytic cycle is used for the generation of a thermal hydrogen abstractor, can be exploited...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529446/synthesis-of-chiral-tetrahydrofurans-and-pyrrolidines-by-visible-light-mediated-deoxygenation
#20
Daniel Rackl, Viktor Kais, Eugen Lutsker, And Oliver Reiser
The synthesis of chiral tetrahydrofurans and pyrrolidines starting from 1,2-diols or β-amino alcohols, respectively, by visible-light-mediated deoxygenation is described. Easily accessible monoallylated/propargylated substrates were activated either as inexpensive ethyl oxalates or as recyclable 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzoates to generate alkyl radicals suitable for 5-exo-trig/5-exo-dig cyclizations under visible-light irradiation.
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
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