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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133524/hpv-vaccination-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-ireland-gps-awareness-and-vaccination-rates
#1
LETTER
Diarmaid Scully, Niamh Irving, Miriam Daly, Aisling Ní Shúilleabháin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133523/sampling-technique-and-detection-rates-of-oropharyngeal-and-anorectal-gonorrhoea-using-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Tim Z T Yang, Marcus Y Chen, Tim R H Read, Robert Needleman, Catriona S Bradshaw, Ria Fortune, Christopher K Fairley, Eric P F Chow
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the associations between clinicians' self-reported sampling technique and the detection rate of gonorrhoea at the oropharynx and anorectum using a highly sensitive nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT). METHODS: We analysed oropharyngeal and anorectal gonorrhoea swab results among men who have sex with men attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) between March 2015 and December 2016. Swabs were tested by NAAT using the Aptima Combo 2 transcription-mediated amplification assay due to its high sensitivity...
November 13, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118203/condom-use-behaviour-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-seven-country-community-based-participatory-research-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#3
Keshab Deuba, Verena Kohlbrenner, Sushil Koirala, Anna Mia Ekström
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and its correlates among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: Between 1 October 2012 and 31 May 2013, a total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam. Logistic regression was used to explore the association between condom use behaviour and demographics, social support, stigma and discrimination and various health-related variables...
November 8, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101246/evaluation-of-the-mycoplasma-genitalium-resistance-plus-kit-for-the-detection-of-m-genitalium-and-mutations-associated-with-macrolide-resistance
#4
Rachel Pitt, Michelle Jayne Cole, Helen Fifer, Neil Woodford
OBJECTIVES: To compare performance of the ResistancePlus kit (SpeeDx, Australia) with in-house methods for the detection of Mycoplasma genitalium-specific DNA and mutations associated with resistance to macrolide antimicrobials, directly from clinical specimens. METHODS: Assay specificity and sensitivity was analysed using DNA from 46 non-M. genitalium organisms and standard curve analysis, respectively. A panel of archived DNA extracted from 97 M. genitalium-positive clinical specimens, for which the macrolide susceptibility genotype had been previously determined, were tested on the assay and results compared...
November 3, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097418/prevalence-and-treatment-outcomes-of-routine-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-testing-during-antenatal-care-gaborone-botswana
#5
Adriane Wynn, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Ponatshego Gaolebale, Neo Moshashane, Ontiretse Sickboy, Sofia Duque, Elizabeth Williams, Klara Doherty, Jeffrey D Klausner, Chelsea Morroni
OBJECTIVES: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) are curable, mostly asymptomatic, STIs that cause adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Most countries do not test for those infections during antenatal care. We implemented a CT, NG and TV testing and treatment programme in an antenatal clinic in Gaborone, Botswana. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in the antenatal clinic at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana...
November 2, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097417/characterising-hiv-transmission-risk-among-us-patients-with-hiv-in-care-a-cross-sectional-study-of-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-individuals-with-viral-load-above-1500-copies-ml
#6
Michael J Stirratt, Gary Marks, Christine O'Daniels, Edward R Cachay, Meg Sullivan, Michael J Mugavero, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Allan E Rodriguez, Thomas P Giordano
OBJECTIVES: Viral load and sexual risk behaviour contribute to HIV transmission risk. High HIV viral loads present greater transmission risk than transient viral 'blips' above an undetectable level. This paper therefore characterises sexual risk behaviour among patients with HIV in care with viral loads>1500 copies/mL and associated demographic characteristics. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at six HIV outpatient clinics in USA. The study sample comprises 1315 patients with HIV with a recent viral load >1500 copies/mL...
November 2, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066630/population-based-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-prevalence-using-discarded-deidentified-urine-specimens-previously-collected-for-drug-testing
#7
LETTER
Judith Harbertson, Matthew Jamerson, Paul C F Graf, Lisa Kennemur, Brent House, Nelson L Michael, Paul Scott, Brad Hale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066629/perceived-intentional-transmission-of-hiv-infection-sustained-viral-suppression-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-assessment
#8
Monique J Brown, Julianne M Serovich, Judy A Kimberly
OBJECTIVE: HIV continues to be a global and national public health challenge, and men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected in the USA. Transmission of HIV is intentional if the person living with HIV knows about his/her serostatus, acts with the intention to and actually transmits HIV. Research on intentional transmission of HIV infections is lacking, and the relationships between perceived intentional transmission, viral suppression and psychosocial outcomes have not been assessed...
October 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066628/treatment-of-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-compliance-with-treatment-guidelines-and-factors-associated-with-non-compliant-prescribing-findings-form-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Anna Tisler-Sala, Sven-Erik Ojavee, Anneli Uusküla
OBJECTIVES: Proper antibiotic treatment of STI reduces transmission, antimicrobial resistance and serious disease complications. In this study, we assessed compliance with STI treatment guidelines for genital gonorrhoea and chlamydia infections in Estonia. METHODS: Prescription data from the Estonian Health Insurance Fund on 7556 treatment episodes of 6499 patients treated for gonorrhoea or chlamydia during 2012-2014 were analysed to assess compliance with the guidelines and factors associated with it...
October 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066627/detection-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-from-pooled-rectal-pharyngeal-and-urine-specimens-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
David John Speers, I-Ly Joanna Chua, Justin Manuel, Lewis Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Screening of men who have sex with men (MSM) for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) requires sampling from anorectal and pharyngeal sites in addition to urogenital sampling. Due to the cost of testing multiple anatomical sites individually testing of pooled specimens has potential merit. The Cepheid GeneXpert CT/NG assay (GeneXpert), which also has potential for point-of-care nucleic acid testing in the sexual health clinic, has not been assessed for pooled specimen testing...
October 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021408/repeat-syphilis-has-a-different-immune-response-compared-with-initial-syphilis-an-analysis-of-biomarker-kinetics-in-two-cohorts
#11
Chris Kenyon, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Kara Osbak, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Eric Florence, Tania Crucitti, Luc Kesten
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to asses if there are differences in the clinical presentation and immune response of repeat as compared with initial syphilis. METHODS: Prospective study: we prospectively recruited all patients with a new diagnosis of syphilis and tested their plasma for a range of cytochemokines and rapid plasma reagin (RPR) at baseline pretreatment and 6 months following therapy. Retrospective study: we compared RPR assay response kinetics between initial and repeat syphilis in persons attending our HIV/STI clinic from 1993 to 2016...
October 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021407/antimicrobial-susceptibility-profile-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolated-in-cotonou-benin-2015-2017
#12
LETTER
Dissou Affolabi, Ella Goma, Frederic Sogbo, Gerard Ahotin, Jeanne Orekan, Faridath Massou, Luc Behanzin, Fernand Guédou, Michel Alary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021406/whole-genome-sequencing-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-reveals-transmission-clusters-involving-patients-of-mixed-hiv-serostatus
#13
Joanna Peters, Fiona Cresswell, Lauren Amor, Kevin Cole, Gillian Dean, Xavier Didelot, Dilrini De Silva, David W Eyre, John Paul
OBJECTIVES: Prevention and control of gonorrhoea depends on understanding the nature of sexual networks and risk factors for infection. We aimed to use high-resolution typing (whole genome sequencing (WGS)) of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates plus patient questionnaire data to gain insights into transmission patterns in a high prevalence setting. METHODS: During a 9-month period (July 2014-March 2015), patients diagnosed with gonorrhoea attending sexual health service in Brighton, UK, were invited to provide anonymised detailed information by questionnaire about risk factors for infection...
October 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021405/high-prevalence-of-high-risk-hpv-genotypes-other-than-16-and-18-in-cervical-cancers-of-cura%C3%A3-ao-implications-for-choice-of-prophylactic-hpv-vaccine
#14
Desiree J Hooi, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Maurits N C de Koning, Herbert M Pinedo, Gemma G Kenter, Chris J L M Meijer, Wim G Quint
BACKGROUND: Curaçao is a Dutch-Caribbean Island located in a high-risk area for cervical cancer.Prior to introduction of a prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, knowledge of the prevalence of high-risk HPV vaccine genotypes (HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58) in cervical (pre)cancer is required. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of HPV genotypes in invasive cervical cancers (ICC) and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 1, 2 and 3 in Curaçao...
October 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021404/sex-differences-in-the-significance-of-isolated-reactive-treponemal-chemiluminescence-immunoassay-results
#15
Rohan I Bopage, Ute Vollmer-Conna, Antonia W Shand, Jeffrey John Post
OBJECTIVES: The significance of sera with isolated reactive treponemal chemiluminescence immunoassay (IRTCIA) results is unclear. Women have this phenotype more commonly than men. Most cohorts examining this phenotype have included predominantly men and have demonstrated evidence of past or subsequently confirmed syphilis infection in a significant proportion of cases. We hypothesised that a proportion of sera with IRTCIA results would be positive on immunoblot testing and that sera from women with IRTCIA would have different results in immunoblot testing than men...
October 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988194/observational-study-of-the-populations-accessing-rapid-point-of-care-hiv-testing-in-winnipeg-manitoba-canada-through-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-site-records
#16
James Blain Johnston, Joss N Reimer, John L Wylie, Jared Bullard
OBJECTIVES: HIV point-of-care testing (POCT) has been available in Manitoba since 2008. This study evaluated the effectiveness of POCT at identifying individuals with previously unknown HIV status, its effects on clinical outcomes and the characteristics of the populations reached. METHODS: A retrospective database review was conducted for individuals who received HIV POCT from 2011 to 2014. Time to linkage to care and viral load suppression were compared between individuals who tested positive for HIV using POCT and controls identified as positive through standard screening...
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988193/using-the-esexual-health-clinic-to-access-chlamydia-treatment-and-care-via-the-internet-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Jo Gibbs, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, Emma M Harding-Esch, Catherine H Mercer, Pam Sonnenberg, S Tariq Sadiq, Claudia S Estcourt, Maryam Shahmanesh
OBJECTIVE: We developed the eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC), an innovative, complex clinical and public health intervention, embedded within a specialist sexual health service. Patients with genital chlamydia access their results online and are offered medical management via an automated online clinical consultation, leading to antibiotic collection from community pharmacy. A telephone helpline, staffed by Sexual Health Advisers, is available to support patients and direct them to conventional services if appropriate...
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988192/single-pulse-co2-laser-treatment-of-paraurethral-duct-dilatation-following-gonococcal-inflammation-of-the-paraurethral-glands-in-men
#18
LETTER
Wenge Fan, Qingsong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988191/pathways-between-depression-substance-use-and-multiple-sex-partners-among-northern-and-indigenous-young-women-in-the-northwest-territories-canada-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Carmen H Logie, Candice Lys, Moses Okumu, Cristina Leone
OBJECTIVES: Sexual and mental health disparities exist in the Northwest Territories (NWT) compared with other Canadian regions. STI rates are 10-fold higher, and youth suicide rates double the Canadian average. Scant research has examined associations between mental and sexual health among youth in the NWT. The study objective was to explore pathways from depression to multiple sex partners (MSP) among young women in the NWT, Canada. METHODS: We implemented a cross-sectional survey in 2015-2016 with a venue-based recruitment sample of young women aged 13-17 attending secondary schools in 17 NWT communities...
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978777/one-hundred-years-of-stis-the-expansion-of-venereal-medicine-through-the-pages-of-its-journal
#20
EDITORIAL
Leslie Goode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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