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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779005/hbv-and-hcv-test-uptake-and-correlates-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-online-survey
#1
Thomas Fitzpatrick, Stephen W Pan, Weiming Tang, Wilson Guo, Joseph D Tucker
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause substantial morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries, including China. WHO guidelines recommend men who have sex with men (MSM) receive HBV and HCV screening. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of MSM in China who have HBV and HCV tested and identify correlates of test uptake. METHODS: We conducted an online cross-sectional survey of young MSM in China...
May 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773663/factors-associated-with-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-a-random-online-sample-in-sweden
#2
Klara Johansson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Charlotte Deogan, Ziad El-Khatib
OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to analyse social determinants of sexual health behaviour (condom use and HIV testing) among young, internet-active, cis men who have sex with men (MSM) in a high-income country. The aspects of sexual health behaviour analysed here are condomless anal intercourse with one or more new or casual partner(s), condomless anal intercourse during the most recent sex with a man and HIV testing. METHODS: A randomised sample of men active on Sweden's main online community for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans people responded to an online survey (response rate 19%)...
May 17, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748180/molecular-test-for-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-used-at-point-of-care-in-remote-primary-healthcare-settings-a-diagnostic-test-evaluation
#3
Louise M Causer, Rebecca J Guy, Sepehr N Tabrizi, David M Whiley, David John Speers, James Ward, Annie Tangey, Steven G Badman, Belinda Hengel, Lisa Jane Natoli, David A Anderson, Handan Wand, David Wilson, David G Regan, Mark Shephard, Basil Donovan, Christopher K Fairley, John M Kaldor
OBJECTIVES: A new molecular test for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) (GeneXpert CT/NG) has been demonstrated to be as accurate as conventional nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), but performance has not been evaluated in routine primary care, performed at the point of care by clinicians. We aimed to examine its diagnostic performance when used by clinicians in remote community health services in Australia with high prevalences of CT and NG infection. The trial was registered with the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (#12613000808741) METHODS: At 12 health services, training was provided to 99 clinicians in the use of the GeneXpert CT/NG assay who tested specimens from all patients undergoing STI screening...
May 10, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720386/criminalisation-of-hiv-transmission-an-overview-for-clinicians
#4
Priyanka Saigal, Matthew Weait, Mary Poulton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720385/rates-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-and-ectopic-pregnancy-in-australia-2009-2014-ecological-analysis-of-hospital-data
#5
Jane L Goller, Alysha M De Livera, Rebecca J Guy, Nicola Low, Basil Donovan, Matthew Law, John M Kaldor, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking
OBJECTIVE: To analyse yearly rates of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and ectopic pregnancy (EP) diagnosed in hospital settings in Australia from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: We calculated yearly PID and EP diagnosis rates in three states (Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland) for women aged 15-44 years using hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) attendance data, with population and live birth denominators. We stratified PID diagnoses as chlamydial-related or gonorrhoeal-related ( Chlamydia trachomatis (CT)-related or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG)-related), acute, unspecified and chronic, and analysed variations by year, age and residential area using Poisson regression models...
May 2, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700052/changes-in-recreational-drug-use-drug-use-associated-with-chemsex-and-hiv-related-behaviours-among-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-and-brighton-2013-2016
#6
Janey Sewell, Valentina Cambiano, Ada Miltz, Andrew Speakman, Fiona C Lampe, Andrew Phillips, David Stuart, Richard Gilson, David Asboe, Nneka Nwokolo, Amanda Clarke, Graham Hart, Alison Rodger
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of polydrug use, use of drugs associated with chemsex, specific drug use, and HIV-related behaviours, between two time periods , using two groups of HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) attending the same sexual health clinics in London and Brighton, in two consecutive periods of time from 2013 to 2016. METHODS: Data from MSM in the cross-sectional Attitudes to and Understanding Risk of Acquisition of HIV (AURAH) study (June 2013 to September 2014) were compared with baseline data from different MSM in the prospective cohort study Attitudes to and Understanding Risk of Acquisition of HIV over Time (AURAH2) (November 2014 to April 2016)...
April 26, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680827/hiv-seroprevalence-self-reported-stis-and-associated-risk-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rwanda-2015
#7
Roman Saba Ntale, Gad Rutayisire, Pierre Mujyarugamba, Eliah Shema, Jane Greatorex, Simon David William Frost, Pontiano Kaleebu
OBJECTIVES: In many populations, men who have sex with men (MSM) are at a high risk of HIV infection. This study aimed to estimate the burden of HIV, other STIs and risk behaviours among Rwandan MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited through peer referral men aged between 18 and 60 years, who reported sex with men at least once in the 12 months prior to the survey. Representativeness was increased using 'seeds' from a variety of sources. Signed informed consent was obtained from all participants...
April 21, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674407/quality-assurance-for-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-latin-american-and-caribbean-countries-2013-2015
#8
Pam Sawatzky, Irene Martin, Patricia Galarza, Marıa Elena Trigoso Carvallo, Pamela Araya Rodriguez, Olga Marina Sanabria Cruz, Alina Llop Hernandez, Mario Fabian Martinez, Graciela Borthagaray, Daisy Payares, José E Moreno, Marina Chiappe, Aura Helena Corredor, Sidharath Dev Thakur, Jo-Anne R Dillon
OBJECTIVES: A Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial susceptibility quality control comparison programme was re-established in Latin America and the Caribbean to ensure antimicrobial susceptibility data produced from the region are comparable nationally and internationally. METHODS: Three panels, consisting of N. gonorrhoeae isolates comprising reference strains and other characterised isolates were sent to 11 participating laboratories between 2013 and 2015. Antimicrobial susceptibilities for these isolates were determined using agar dilution, Etest or disc diffusion methods...
April 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654061/100-years-of-stis-in-the-uk-a-review-of-national-surveillance-data
#9
REVIEW
Hamish Mohammed, Paula Blomquist, Dana Ogaz, Stephen Duffell, Martina Furegato, Marta Checchi, Neil Irvine, Lesley A Wallace, Daniel Rhys Thomas, Anthony Nardone, J Kevin Dunbar, Gwenda Hughes
OBJECTIVES: The 1916 Royal Commission on Venereal Diseases was established in response to epidemics of syphilis and gonorrhoea in the UK. In the 100 years since the Venereal Diseases Act (1917), the UK has experienced substantial scientific, economic and demographic changes. We describe historical and recent trends in STIs in the UK. METHODS: We analysed surveillance data derived from STI clinics' statistical returns from 1917 to 2016. RESULTS: Since 1918, gonorrhoea and syphilis diagnoses have fluctuated, reflecting social, economic and technological trends...
April 13, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626174/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-using-mobile-applications-to-promote-hiv-and-other-sti-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-barcelona-spain
#10
Miguel Alarcón Gutiérrez, Manuel Fernández Quevedo, Silvia Martín Valle, Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Elia Díez David, Joan A Caylà, Patricia Gracía de Olalla
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of a pilot intervention programme using gay geosocial mobile applications (apps) to offer rapid HIV and other STI tests to men who have sex with men (MSM) in Barcelona between December 2015 and March 2016. METHODOLOGY: We offered rapid HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C testing by sending private messages on apps for sexual and social encounters. Acceptance was defined as the proportion of users who favourably responded to the message and effectiveness was defined as the proportion of users who attended our facilities among those who were interested in attending...
April 6, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599387/clinical-and-sexual-risk-correlates-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-in-urban-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-young-women-cross-sectional-outcomes-using-the-baseline-data-from-the-women-s-biohealth-study
#11
Maria Trent, Jenell S Coleman, Justin Hardick, Jamie Perin, Lisa Tabacco, Steven Huettner, Jocelyn Ronda, Rebecca Felter-Wernsdorfer, Charlotte A Gaydos
OBJECTIVE: Research exploring the clinical and sexual risk correlates is essential to define universal standards for screening and management for Mycoplasma genitalium (MG). The objective of this study is to determine the baseline prevalence of MG and associated clinical risks using cross-sectional data. METHODS: Adolescent and young adult women 13-29 years were recruited during clinical visits during which biological specimens were collected for Neisseriagonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) testing to provide vaginal specimens for MG and Trichomonasvaginalis (TV) testing...
March 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574465/individual-level-characteristics-associated-with-oral-hiv-test-acceptability-among-peruvian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Juan A Flores, Brandon Brown, Segundo R León, Hugo Sánchez, Jerome T Galea
OBJECTIVES: Peruvian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) are highly vulnerable to HIV infection (HIV), but stigma, access issues and fear of venipuncture hamper testing. The oral HIV test-which uses oral fluids and provides results in 20 minutes-could reduce these barriers. The objective of this study was to determine the acceptability of the oral HIV test and the individual-level factors associated with its acceptability among MSM and TGW. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional secondary analysis among Peruvian MSM and TGW attending a community-based health centre between February 2012 and February 2013 to determine the individual-level factors associated with oral HIV test acceptability...
March 24, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574464/weekly-variations-in-feelings-of-trust-predict-incident-sti-within-a-prospective-cohort-of-adolescent-women-from-a-us-city
#13
Pamela A Matson, J Dennis Fortenberry, Shang-En Chung, Charlotte A Gaydos, Jonathan M Ellen
OBJECTIVES: Feelings of intimacy, perceptions of partner concurrency (PPC) and perceptions of risk for an STD (PRSTD) are meaningful and dynamic attributes of adolescent sexual relationships. Our objective was to examine whether variations in these STI-associated feelings and perceptions predicted incident Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseriagonorrhoeae infection within a prospective cohort of urban adolescent women. METHODS: A cohort of clinic-recruited women aged 16-19 completed daily surveys on feelings and risk perceptions about each current sex partner on a smartphone continuously for up to 18 months...
March 24, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567802/-mycoplasma-genitalium-high-prevalence-of-resistance-to-macrolides-and-frequent-anorectal-infection-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-western-sydney
#14
Deborah L Couldwell, Dean Jalocon, Melissa Power, Neisha J Jeoffreys, Sharon C-A Chen, David A Lewis
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium infection and of mutations linked to macrolide resistance using the ResistancePlus MG assay (SpeeDx, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia) in first-void urine (FVU), anorectal and oropharyngeal samples from men who have sex with men (MSM) attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: Consecutive symptomatic and asymptomatic MSM attending for STI testing were prospectively enrolled...
March 22, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563165/risk-factors-for-mycoplasma-genitalium-endometritis-and-incident-infection-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-t-cell-response-against-chlamydia-trac-study
#15
Brandie D Taylor, Xiaojing Zheng, Catherine M O'Connell, Harold C Wiesenfeld, Sharon L Hillier, Toni Darville
OBJECTIVE: Assess risk factors for incident and endometrial Mycoplasma genitalium infection and determine if M. genitalium is associated with histological endometritis, an indicator of pelvic inflammatory disease. METHODS: This study was a secondary data analysis within the T cell Response Against Chlamydia (TRAC) Study, a prospective evaluation of 246 women with or at risk for Chlamydia trachomatis from urban outpatient clinics, who were followed quarterly for 12 months...
March 21, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545471/economic-burden-of-hiv-and-tb-hiv-coinfection-in-a-middle-income-country-a-costing-analysis-alongside-a-pragmatic-clinical-trial-in-brazil
#16
Noemia Teixeira de Siqueira-Filha, Maria de Fatima Militao de Albuquerque, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Rosa Legood, Andreia Costa Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the costs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) as well as active tuberculosis (TB/HIV), latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI/HIV) or without TB (HIV/AIDS). METHODS: We analysed the costs through the entire pathway of care during the prediagnosis and treatment periods from the Brazilian public health system perspective. We applied a combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches to capture and estimate direct medical and non-medical costs...
March 15, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535222/shigellosis-outbreak-among-msm-living-with-hiv-a-case-control-study-in-taiwan-2015-2016
#17
Hao-Hsin Wu, Yi-Ting Shen, Chien-Shun Chiou, Chi-Tai Fang, Yi-Chun Lo
OBJECTIVES: Outbreaks of shigellosis among men who have sex with men (MSM) have been reported since the late 1990s. HIV infection is an important risk factor. Since 2014, the global shigellosis epidemic has intensified. Whether chemsex (the use of crystal methamphetamine, γ-hydroxybutyrate or mephedrone to enhance sex) is a new risk factor has not been previously examined. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, case-control study in Taiwan. Acute shigellosis cases diagnosed during the 2015 outbreak among MSM living with HIV were compared with those without shigellosis...
March 13, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523719/self-perceived-risk-of-stis-in-a-population-based-study-of-scandinavian-women
#18
Sonia Guleria, Mette Tuxen Faber, Bo T Hansen, Lisen Arnheim-Dahlström, Kai-Li Liaw, Christian Munk, Mari Nygård, Susanne Krüger Kjær
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between current behaviours/characteristics and self-perceived risk for STIs, among randomly selected women aged 18-45 years from Denmark, Norway and Sweden. METHOD: A population-based, cross-sectional, questionnaire study (paper based, web based and telephone based) was conducted during 2011-2012. We compared medium-high STI risk perception with no/low risk perception. The associations were explored for women who had ever had sexual intercourse and for women with a new partner in the last 6 months using multivariable logistic regression...
March 9, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519911/ethnicity-and-sexual-risk-in-heterosexual-people-attending-sexual-health-clinics-in-england-a-cross-sectional-self-administered-questionnaire-study
#19
Rachel Margaret Coyle, Ada Rose Miltz, Fiona C Lampe, Janey Sewell, Andrew N Phillips, Andrew Speakman, Jyoti Dhar, Lorraine Sherr, S Tariq Sadiq, Stephen Taylor, Daniel R Ivens, Simon Collins, Jonathan Elford, Jane Anderson, Alison Rodger
OBJECTIVES: In the UK, people of black ethnicity experience a disproportionate burden of HIV and STI. We aimed to assess the association of ethnicity with sexual behaviour and sexual health among women and heterosexual men attending genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in England. METHODS: The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV is a cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire study of HIV negative people recruited from 20 GUM clinics in England, 2013-2014...
March 8, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511067/is-previous-azithromycin-treatment-associated-with-azithromycin-resistance-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-a-cross-sectional-study-using-national-surveillance-data-in-england
#20
Soazig Clifton, Katy Town, Martina Furegato, Michelle Cole, Hamish Mohammed, Sarah C Woodhall, J Kevin Dunbar, Helen Fifer, Gwenda Hughes
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that treatment of STIs with azithromycin may facilitate development of azithromycin resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) by exposing the organism to suboptimal doses. We investigated whether treatment history for non-rectal Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) or NG (proxies for azithromycin exposure) in sexual health (GUM) services was associated with susceptibility of NG to azithromycin. METHODS: Azithromycin susceptibility data from the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance Programme (GRASP 2013-2015, n=4606) and additional high-level azithromycin-resistant isolates (HL-AziR) identified by the Public Health England reference laboratory (2013-2016, n=54) were matched to electronic patient records in the national GUMCAD STI surveillance dataset (2012-2016)...
March 6, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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