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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515200/impact-of-expedited-partner-therapy-ept-implementation-on-chlamydia-incidence-in-the-usa
#1
Okeoma Mmeje, Sarah Wallett, Giselle Kolenic, Jason Bell
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis and treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis infection is important in preventing persistent or recurrent infection. Expedited partner therapy (EPT) is the favoured and supported method for STI treatment of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention when the provider cannot be assured that all recent sexual partner(s) will seek therapy. EPT is legally permissible in 38 states and is endorsed by healthcare organisations to decrease the rates of chlamydia and gonorrhoea infection...
May 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495681/a-comparative-analysis-of-costs-of-single-and-dual-rapid-hiv-and-syphilis-diagnostics-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-colombia
#2
Carol Dayo Obure, Hernando Gaitan-Duarte, Ricardo Losada Saenz, Lina Gonzalez, Edith Angel-Muller, Maura Laverty, Freddy Perez
BACKGROUND: HIV and congenital syphilis are major public health burdens contributing to substantial perinatal morbidity and mortality globally. Although studies have reported on the costs and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for syphilis screening within antenatal care in a number of resource-constrained settings, empirical evidence on country-specific cost and estimates of single RDTs compared with dual RDTs for HIV and syphilis are limited. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled study design was used to compare the incremental costs of two testing algorithms: (1) single RDTs for HIV and syphilis and (2) dual RDTs for HIV and syphilis, in 12 health facilities in Bogota and Cali, Colombia...
May 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490581/patterns-of-prevalent-hpv-and-sti-co-infections-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-negative-young-western-cape-south-african-women-the-evri-trial
#3
Lynette J Menezes, Ubin Pokharel, Staci L Sudenga, Matthys H Botha, Michele Zeier, Martha E Abrahamsen, Richard H Glashoff, Susan Engelbrecht, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Louvina E van der Laan, Siegfried Kipping, Douglas Taylor, Anna R Giuliano
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and describe the patterns of concurrent human papillomavirus (HPV) and STIs and associated factors among HIV-negative young Western Cape, South African women participating in the Efficacy of HPV Vaccine to Reduce HIV Infection (EVRI) trial. METHODS: HIV-negative women aged 16-24 years old were enrolled in the EVRI trial (NCT01489527) and randomised to receive the licensed four-valent HPV vaccine or placebo. At study entry, participants were clinically evaluated for five STIs: herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and disease-causing HPV genotypes (6/11/16/18/31/33/35/39/45/51/52/56/58/59/68)...
May 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490580/what-is-the-overlap-between-hiv-and-shigellosis-epidemics-in-england-further-evidence-of-msm-transmission
#4
Keerthi Mohan, Matthew Hibbert, Graeme Rooney, Malcolm Canvin, Tristan Childs, Claire Jenkins, Ian Simms, Peter Kirwan, Valerie Delpech, Zheng Yin, Gwenda Hughes, Nigel Field
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that sexual transmission between men has replaced foreign travel as the predominant mode of Shigella transmission in England. However, sexuality and HIV status are not routinely recorded for laboratory-reported Shigella, and the role of HIV in the Shigella epidemic is not well understood. METHODS: The Modular Open Laboratory Information System containing all Shigella cases reported to Public Health England (PHE) and the PHE HIV and AIDS Reporting System holding all adults living with diagnosed HIV in England were matched using a combination of Soundex code, date of birth and gender...
May 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487296/swinging-if-you-do-not-ask-you-may-not-find-but-you-need-to
#5
EDITORIAL
Catherine H Mercer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476914/antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-from-five-sentinel-surveillance-sites-in-zimbabwe-2015-2016
#6
Ahmed S Latif, Lovemore Gwanzura, Anna Machiha, Francis Ndowa, Andrew Tarupiwa, Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Fungai D Shukusho, Christine Chakanyuka Musanhu, Teodora Wi, Magnus Unemo
OBJECTIVES: Gonorrhoea and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae are major public health concerns worldwide. Enhanced AMR surveillance for gonococci is essential globally. In Zimbabwe, very limited gonococcal AMR data were reported. Our aims were to (i) implement quality-assured gonococcal AMR surveillance in Zimbabwe and (ii) investigate gonococcal AMR at five health centres in 2015-2016. METHODS: Gonococcal isolates from 104 men with urethral discharge were tested for susceptibility to kanamycin, ceftriaxone, cefixime, ciprofloxacin and azithromycin using Etest...
May 5, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476913/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-stis-among-women-initiating-contraceptive-implants-in-kingston-jamaica
#7
Margaret Christine Snead, Jeffrey Wiener, Sinmisola Ewumi, Christi Phillips, Lisa Flowers, Tina Hylton-Kong, Natalie Medley-Singh, Jennifer Legardy-Williams, Elizabeth Costenbader, John Papp, Lee Warner, Carolyn Black, Athena P Kourtis
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on rates of STIs in Jamaica due to syndromic management and limited aetiological surveillance. We examined the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and characteristics associated with STIs among sexually active women who participated in a randomised trial of a progestin implant initiation in Jamaica (the Sino-Implant Study (SIS)). METHODS: SIS was a randomised trial conducted in Kingston, Jamaica, from 2012 to 2014 to evaluate whether initiation of the Sino-Implant (II) led to more unprotected sex among women ages 18-44 years...
May 5, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438948/macrolide-and-quinolone-resistant-mycoplasma-genitalium-in-a-man-with-persistent-urethritis-the-tip-of-the-british-iceberg
#8
Suneeta Soni, Andy Parkhouse, Gillian Dean
There is growing concern worldwide for macrolide resistance in M. genitalium following liberal use of 1 g azithromycin to treat non-gonococcal urethritis and confirmed C. trachomatis infection. Moxifloxacin is the second-line treatment for M. genitalium and still has excellent efficacy against it. However, recent reports indicating that quinolone resistance is more prevalent than previously thought are worrying. Routine testing of symptomatic men and women for M. genitalium is not currently recommended in BASHH guidelines, and attempts to implement such testing have been hampered by a lack of commercially available assays...
April 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424301/patient-confidentiality-and-autonomy-how-do-we-account-for-coercive-control
#9
C E Cohen, R J Caswell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408646/response-to-a-double-edged-sword-does-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-contribute-to-syphilis-incidence-by-impairing-immunity-to-treponema-pallidum
#10
LETTER
David V Glidden, Kenneth Mayer, Robert M Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408645/hiv-videos-on-youtube-helpful-or-harmful
#11
LETTER
Yeimer Ortiz-Martinez, Wael Ali-Salloum, Fernando González-Ferreira, Joel Molinas-Argüello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404766/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-for-sti-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-usa
#12
Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Moira O Kalichman, Daniel D Driffin, Robert Baldwin, Larissa Zohren, Christopher Conway-Washington
OBJECTIVES: Novel interventions to address sexual risk taking and slow rates of STIs are urgently needed, in particular among black men who have sex with men (MSM) in the USA. Serosorting, or limiting condomless sex acts to partners of the same HIV status, is commonly practised among MSM, yet can lead to STI and remains largely unaddressed by public health agencies. METHODS: A two-arm, randomised controlled trial was conducted from 2012 to 2015. This trial assessed the effects of a single-session, sexual partner selection and risk decision intervention (experimental arm) versus a single-session, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-based, sexual risk reduction intervention (control arm) on psychosocial measures, sexual risk taking and STI...
April 12, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400466/substance-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-patterns-motivations-impacts-and-intervention-development-need
#13
REVIEW
Adam Bourne, Peter Weatherburn
OBJECTIVES: In this narrative review we illustrate the patterns of substance use among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM), including comparisons with heterosexual populations, subgroup analyses and settings of substance use. We also consider explanations and motivations for substance use and the impact of use on sexual health as well as wider health and well-being. Finally, we consider the implications for the provision of MSM-tailored substance use and harm reduction services...
April 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396557/finding-sexual-partners-online-prevalence-and-associations-with-sexual-behaviour-sti-diagnoses-and-other-sexual-health-outcomes-in-the-british-population
#14
Melissa Cabecinha, Catherine H Mercer, Kirsten Gravningen, Catherine Aicken, Kyle G Jones, Clare Tanton, Kaye Wellings, Pam Sonnenberg, Nigel Field
OBJECTIVES: Online venues might facilitate sexual encounters, but the extent to which finding partners online is associated with sexual risk behaviour and sexual health outcomes is unclear. We describe use of the internet to find sexual partners in a representative sample in Britain. METHODS: The third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3) was a cross-sectional probability survey of 15 162 adults (aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012...
April 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396556/pregnancy-outcomes-in-association-with-stds-including-genital-hsv-2-shedding-in-a-south-african-cohort-study
#15
Dhayendre Moodley, Benn Sartorius, Savithree Madurai, Vani Chetty, Suzanne Maman
OBJECTIVES: Genital herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) shedding in pregnant women in association with neonatal herpes infection has been widely studied but there is limited evidence of its association with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we included a subgroup of pregnant women who were enrolled in a randomized control behavioural intervention study that was conducted in South Africa in 2008-2010. In pregnancy, women had a HIV rapid test done and a genital swab taken to test for curable STIs and HSV-2 DNA...
April 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389443/emerging-opportunities-and-challenges-for-hiv-prevention-treatment-and-care-for-msm-in-the-former-soviet-union-and-other-post-communist-states-in-eastern-europe
#16
EDITORIAL
Yuri A Amirkhanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389442/sexual-networks-and-infection-transmission-networks-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-as-causes-of-disparity-and-targets-of-prevention
#17
EDITORIAL
Ian H Spicknall, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein, Sevgi O Aral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377422/chlamyweb-study-ii-a-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-an-online-offer-of-home-based-chlamydia-trachomatis-sampling-in-france
#18
Delphine Kersaudy-Rahib, Nathalie Lydié, Chloé Leroy, Laura March, Cécile Bébéar, Pierre Arwidson, Bertille de Barbeyrac
BACKGROUND: The number of cases of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) diagnosed has increased in the past 15 years in France as well as in other European countries. This paper reports a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate whether the offer of home-based testing over the internet increased the number of young people tested for chlamydia compared with the current testing strategy and to estimate the number and risks factors of the infected population. This RCT took place as an element of the Chlamyweb Study-a study aiming to evaluate an intervention (the Chlamyweb Intervention) involving the offer of a free self-sampling kit online to sexually active men and women aged 18-24 years in France...
April 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377421/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-infection-among-heterosexual-hiv-1-serodiscordant-african-couples
#19
Aaron F Bochner, Jared M Baeten, Alison S Rustagi, Edith Nakku-Joloba, Jairam R Lingappa, Nelly R Mugo, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Saidi Kapiga, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Connie Celum, Ruanne V Barnabas
OBJECTIVES: Trichomonas vaginalis is the most prevalent curable STI worldwide and has been associated with adverse health outcomes and increased HIV-1 transmission risk. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among couples to assess how characteristics of both individuals in sexual partnerships are associated with the prevalence of male and female T. vaginalis infection. METHODS: African HIV-1 serodiscordant heterosexual couples were concurrently tested for trichomoniasis at enrolment into two clinical trials...
April 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377420/inequalities-in-access-to-genitourinary-medicine-clinics-in-the-uk-results-from-a-mystery-shopper-survey
#20
Elizabeth Foley, Martina Furegato, Gwenda Hughes, Christopher Board, Vanessa Hayden, Timothy Prescott, Eleanor Shone, Rajul Patel
STUDY DESIGN: This study investigated whether access to genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics meets UK-recommended standards. METHODS: In January 2014 and 2015, postal questionnaires about appointment and service characteristics were sent to lead clinicians of UK GUM clinics. In February 2014 and 2015, researchers posing as symptomatic and asymptomatic 'patients' contacted clinics by telephone, requesting to be seen. Clinic and patient characteristics associated with the offer of an appointment within 48 hours were examined using unadjusted and UK country and patient gender adjusted multivariable logistic regression analyses...
April 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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