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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082662/sustained-effect-of-couples-hiv-counselling-and-testing-on-risk-reduction-among-zambian-hiv-serodiscordant-couples
#1
Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Bellington Vwalika, Lisa B Haddad, Shabir Lakhi, Udodirim Onwubiko, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Roy Chavuma, Cheswa Vwalika, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
BACKGROUND: We present temporal trends in self-reported and biological markers of unprotected sex and sex with concurrent partners in discordant couples receiving couples' voluntary HIV counselling and testing (CVCT). METHODS: Heterosexual Zambian HIV-serodiscordant couples were enrolled into longitudinal follow-up in an open cohort (1994-2012). Multivariable Anderson-Gill models explored predictors of self-report and biological indicators of unprotected sex within (including sperm on a vaginal swab, incident pregnancy or incident linked HIV infection) and outside (including self-report, STI and unlinked HIV infection) the union...
January 12, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062734/the-performance-of-the-alere-hiv-combo-point-of-care-test-on-stored-serum-samples-useful-for-detection-of-early-hiv-1-infections
#2
Carla van Tienen, Sharona Rugebregt, Sandra Scherbeijn, Hannelore Götz, Corine Geurts van Kessel
INTRODUCTION: The Alere HIV-1/2 Antigen/Antibody Combo point-of-care test is a commercially available 4th-generation rapid test for the diagnosis of HIV infection, including acute infection. We evaluated the sensitivity of this test in samples from patients with acute, recent or chronic HIV-1 infection. METHODS: A validation of the test was performed using 89 HIV-positive serum samples collected in 2008-2016, that were stored at -20°C. Twenty-three samples were only p24-positive (acute infection); 49 samples were antibody-positive and p24-positive (recent infection); 17 samples were only antibody-positive (chronic infection)...
January 6, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052976/reciprocal-physical-intimate-partner-violence-is-associated-with-prevalent-sti-hiv-among-male-tanzanian-migrant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Alison H Norris, Michele R Decker, Yiska L Weisband, Michelle J Hindin
OBJECTIVES: Physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and STIs, including HIV, are highly prevalent in east Africa. While we have some evidence about women's experience with physical IPV, little is known about men's experience with physical IPV, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Our objective was to examine, in Tanzanian male migrant plantation residents, the prevalence of, and associations among, experience and enactment of physical IPV and prevalent STI/HIV. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey of male plantation residents (n=158) in northern Tanzania were analysed to estimate prevalence of physical IPV experience and enactment...
January 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039432/is-there-a-role-for-topical-antiseptics-in-the-treatment-of-gonorrhoea
#4
EDITORIAL
Victoria F Miari, Catherine A Ison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998950/antiseptic-mouthwash-against-pharyngeal-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-an-in-vitro-study
#5
Eric Pf Chow, Benjamin P Howden, Sandra Walker, David Lee, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Anthony Snow, Stuart Cook, Glenda Fehler, Christopher K Fairley
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM). We aimed to determine whether Listerine, a commercial mouthwash product, has an inhibitory effect against Neisseria gonorrhoeae in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) and an in vitro study, and therefore may be a potentially useful agent for gonorrhoea control. METHODS: In vitro: a suspension of ∼10(8) colony forming units per mL (CFU/mL) of N. gonorrhoeae was added to a serial of dilutions (up to 1:32) of alcohol-containing Listerine mouthwashes (Cool Mint and Total Care) for 1 min...
December 20, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986969/outbreaks-of-syphilis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-sti-clinics-between-2007-and-2015-in-the-netherlands-a-space-time-clustering-study
#6
F van Aar, C den Daas, M A B van der Sande, L C Soetens, H J C de Vries, B H B van Benthem
OBJECTIVES: Infectious syphilis (syphilis) is diagnosed predominantly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Netherlands and is a strong indicator for sexual risk behaviour. Therefore, an increase in syphilis can be an early indicator of resurgence of other STIs, including HIV. National and worldwide outbreaks of syphilis, as well as potential changes in sexual networks were reason to explore syphilis trends and clusters in more depth. METHODS: National STI/HIV surveillance data were used, containing epidemiological, behavioural and clinical data from STI clinics...
December 16, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986968/what-explains-anorectal-chlamydia-infection-in-women-implications-of-a-mathematical-model-for-test-and-treatment-strategies
#7
Janneke C M Heijne, Geneviève A F S van Liere, Christian J P A Hoebe, Johannes A Bogaards, Birgit H B van Benthem, Nicole H T M Dukers-Muijrers
OBJECTIVES: Female anorectal Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) infections are common irrespective of recent anal sex. We explored the role of anorectal infections in chlamydia transmission and estimated the impact of interventions aimed at improved detection and treatment of anorectal infections. METHODS: We developed a pair compartmental model of heterosexuals aged 15-29 years attending STI clinics, in which women can be susceptible to or infected with chlamydia urogenitally and/or anorectally and men urogenitally...
December 16, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979910/patterns-of-chlamydia-testing-in-different-settings-and-implications-for-wider-sti-diagnosis-and-care-a-probability-sample-survey-of-the-british-population
#8
Soazig Clifton, Catherine H Mercer, Sarah C Woodhall, Pam Sonnenberg, Nigel Field, Le Lu, Anne M Johnson, Jackie A Cassell
BACKGROUND: Following widespread rollout of chlamydia testing to non-specialist and community settings in the UK, many individuals receive a chlamydia test without being offered comprehensive STI and HIV testing. We assess sexual behaviour among testers in different settings with a view to understanding their need for other STI diagnostic services. METHODS: A probability sample survey of the British population undertaken 2010-2012 (the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles)...
December 15, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941078/high-hiv-incidence-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-constructing-a-retrospective-cohort-from-a-community-health-programme
#9
M Reuel Friedman, Nayck B Feliz, Jess Netto, Brian J Adams, Derrick D Matthews, Ron D Stall, Ken S Ho, Sarah E Krier, Anthony J Silvestre
OBJECTIVES: We sought to calculate HIV incidence in a retrospective cohort of young (13-29 years old) black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) accessing repeated HIV-antibody testing in a mid-size city in the USA. METHODS: We aggregated site-specific HIV-antibody testing results from the project's inception among YBMSM who received an initial negative result and accessed at least one additional HIV-antibody test. From these data, we assessed number of seroconversions and person-years and calculated HIV incidence using a mid-P exact test to estimate 95% CIs...
December 9, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932599/the-role-of-digital-interventions-in-sexual-health
#10
EDITORIAL
Tom Nadarzynski, Leanne Morrison, Jake Bayley, Carrie Llewellyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920223/correlation-between-pubic-hair-grooming-and-stis-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample
#11
E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Matthew D Truesdale, Isabel Allen, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Benjamin N Breyer
OBJECTIVE: STIs are the most common infections among adults. Concurrently, pubic hair grooming is prevalent. Small-scale studies have demonstrated a relationship between pubic hair grooming and STIs. We aim to examine this relationship in a large sample of men and women. DESIGN: We conducted a probability survey of US residents aged 18-65 years. The survey ascertained self-reported pubic hair grooming practices, sexual behaviours and STI history. We defined extreme grooming as removal of all pubic hair more than 11 times per year and high-frequency grooming as daily/weekly trimming...
December 5, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903680/herpes-simplex-virus-specific-t-cell-response-in-a-cohort-with-primary-genital-infection-correlates-inversely-with-frequency-of-subsequent-recurrences
#12
Elisabeth Franzen-Röhl, Danika Schepis, Fredrik Atterfelt, Kristina Franck, Arne Wikström, Jan-Åke Liljeqvist, Tomas Bergström, Elisabeth Aurelius, Klas Kärre, Louise Berg, Hans Gaines
OBJECTIVES: During the last decades, a changing epidemiological pattern of genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection has emerged. Primary infection is now caused as often by HSV-1 as by HSV-2. Once established, HSV can be reactivated leading to recurrent mucocutaneous lesions as well as meningitis. Why some otherwise immune-competent individuals experience severe and frequent recurrences is not known, and the immunological mechanism underlying recurrent symptomatic HSV infection is not fully understood...
November 30, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888207/new-media-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
EDITORIAL
Lisa B Hightow-Weidman, Kathryn E Muessig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888206/access-of-non-specialist-sexual-health-services-by-men-who-have-sex-with-men-do-they-differ-from-those-attending-specialist-services
#14
Helen Mebrahtu, Martina Furegato, Bersabeh Sile, John Were, Hamish Mohammed, Gwenda Hughes
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of STIs. While routine STI surveillance data suggest MSM regularly access specialist genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics for their sexual healthcare, the extent to which MSM attend non-specialist sexual health services (SHSs) is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the GUM Clinic Activity Data Set (GUMCADv2), the national STI surveillance system, to compare the characteristics, service usage and STI outcomes of MSM accessing specialist and non-specialist (non-GUM) SHSs in England in 2014...
November 25, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888205/engagement-in-the-hiv-care-cascade-and-barriers-to-antiretroviral-therapy-uptake-among-female-sex-workers-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa-findings-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#15
Sheree Schwartz, Andrew Lambert, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Zamakayise Kose, Mfezi Mcingana, Claire Holland, Sosthenes Ketende, Clarence Yah, Stephanie Sweitzer, Harry Hausler, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by HIV, even in the context of broadly generalised HIV epidemics such as South Africa. This has been observed in spite of the individual and population-level benefits of HIV treatment. We characterise the HIV care cascade among FSWs and relationships with antiretroviral therapy (ART) use. METHODS: FSWs ≥18 years were recruited through respondent-driven sampling into a cross-sectional study in Port Elizabeth, South Africa...
November 25, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884965/-can-you-recommend-any-good-sti-apps-a-review-of-content-accuracy-and-comprehensiveness-of-current-mobile-medical-applications-for-stis-and-related-genital-infections
#16
Jo Gibbs, Voula Gkatzidou, Laura Tickle, Sarah R Manning, Tilna Tilakkumar, Kate Hone, Richard E Ashcroft, Pam Sonnenberg, S Tariq Sadiq, Claudia S Estcourt
OBJECTIVE: Seeking sexual health information online is common, and provision of mobile medical applications (apps) for STIs is increasing. Young people, inherently at higher risk of STIs, are avid users of technology, and apps could be appealing sources of information. We undertook a comprehensive review of content and accuracy of apps for people seeking information about STIs. METHODS: Search of Google Play and iTunes stores using general and specific search terms for apps regarding STIs and genital infections (except HIV), testing, diagnosis and management, 10 September 2014 to 16 September 2014...
November 24, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884964/what-are-the-characteristics-of-and-clinical-outcomes-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-prescribed-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-following-sexual-exposure-pepse-at-sexual-health-clinics-in-england
#17
Holly Mitchell, Martina Furegato, Gwenda Hughes, Nigel Field, Anthony Nardone
OBJECTIVES: To explore the risk factors for, and clinical outcomes in men who have sex with men (MSM) prescribed HIV postexposure prophylaxis following sexual exposure (PEPSE) at sexual health clinics (SHCs) in England. METHODS: National STI surveillance data were extracted from the genitourinary medicine clinic activity dataset (GUMCADv2) for 2011-2014. Quarterly and annual trends in the number of episodes where PEPSE was prescribed were analysed by gender and sexual risk...
November 24, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879291/in-a-challenging-environment-intelligent-use-of-surveillance-data-can-help-guide-sexual-health-commissioners-choices-to-maximise-public-health-benefit
#18
EDITORIAL
J Kevin Dunbar, Gwenda Hughes, Kevin Fenton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872326/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-europe-review-of-evidence-for-a-much-needed-prevention-tool
#19
REVIEW
Thijs Reyniers, Elske Hoornenborg, Bea Vuylsteke, Kristien Wouters, Marie Laga
In many Western countries with good coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes the annual number of HIV infections is still high and not (yet) declining among men who have sex with men (MSM). This might indicate that antiretroviral treatment roll-out alone will not turn around the course of the epidemic and that new, additional tools are needed. Antiretrovirals used as prevention tools for people not yet infected with HIV, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could be such important additional tools...
November 21, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856515/very-high-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-buenos-aires-city-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
E Bissio, V Cisneros, G D Lopardo, L I Cassetti
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly syphilis, is high and continues to rise among some populations, especially among men who have sex with men (MSM). Furthermore, a higher incidence of STIs has been reported in HIV-positive than in HIV-negative MSM. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of syphilis in a cohort of men with HIV in Buenos Aires city. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. We examined the records and visits made by men with HIV aged >18 years in our institution during a 1-year period...
November 17, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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