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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110258/miriam-solomon-jeremy-r-simon-and-harold-kincaid-eds-the-routledge-companion-to-philosophy-of-medicine-new-york-and-london-routledge-2017-564%C3%A2-pp-240-00-hardback-isbn-978-1-138-84679-1
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110257/marcum-james-a-ed-the-bloomsbury-companion-to-contemporary-philosophy-of-medicine-bloomsbury-academic-london-2017-424-pp-172-00-hardback-isbn-9781474233002
#2
Mary Jean Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110256/philosophy-of-medicine-2017-reviewing-the-situation
#3
EDITORIAL
Patrick Daly
In this introduction to a special subsection of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics comprising separate reviews of the Springer Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine, and The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine, I compare the three texts with respect to their overall organization and their approach to the relation between the science and the art of medicine. I then indicate two areas that merit more explicit attention in developing a comprehensive philosophy of medicine going forward: health economics and systematic relations within the field as a whole...
November 6, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110255/thomas-schramme-and-steven-edwards-eds-handbook-of-the-philosophy-of-medicine-springer-dordrecht-2017-1144-pp-339-cloth-339-ereference-509-print%C3%A2-%C3%A2-ebook-isbn-978-94-017-8687-4
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030798/what-does-the-character-of-medicine-as-a-social-practice-imply-for-professional-conscientious-objection
#5
Thomas S Huddle
The dispute over professional conscientious objection presumes a picture of medicine as a practice governed by rules. This rule-based conception of medical practice is identifiable with John Rawls's conception of social practices. This conception does not capture the character of medical practice as experienced by practitioners, for whom it is a sensibility or "form of life" rather than rules. Moreover, the sensibility of medical practice as experienced by physicians is at best neutral, and at worst hostile, to the demands of those who would override physician conscientious objection to the provision of currently contested services...
October 13, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948447/gender-by-dasein-a-heideggerian-critique-of-suzanne-kessler-and-the-medical-management-of-infants-born-with-disorders-of-sexual-development
#6
Lauren L Baker
This article explores the relationship between gender, technology, language, and how infants and children born with disorders of sexual development are shaped into intelligible members of the community. The contemporary medical model maintains that children ought to be both socially and surgically assigned and reared as one particular gender. Gender scholar Suzanne Kessler rejects this position and argues for the acceptance of greater genital variability through the use of language. Using a Heideggerian lens, the main question I seek to answer in this article is: does Kessler's approach succeed in its aim to better treat individuals born with disorders of sexual development? I argue that Kessler is successful in offering practical solutions for persons with intersexed conditions to exist and flourish as intelligible members of the community, but that her project ultimately relies on power to "challenge forth" greater acceptance of genital variance...
September 25, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895019/narrative-self-appropriation-embodiment-alienness-and-personal-responsibility-in-the-context-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Allan Køster
It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person's own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present the idea that narrativising experiences can play an important role in processes of appropriating such embodied self-alienness...
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836057/personhood-pregnancy-and-gender-a-reply-to-hershenov-and-hershenov
#8
Sally Markowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808828/health-interests-and-equality
#9
David Hershenov, Rose Joanna Hershenov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766249/if-abortion-then-infanticide
#10
David B Hershenov, Rose J Hershenov
Our contention is that all of the major arguments for abortion are also arguments for permitting infanticide. One cannot distinguish the fetus from the infant in terms of a morally significant intrinsic property, nor are they morally discernible in terms of standing in different relationships to others. The logic of our position is that if such arguments justify abortion, then they also justify infanticide. If we are right that infanticide is not justified, then such arguments will fail to justify abortion...
October 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695476/harm-and-the-concept-of-medical-disorder
#11
Neil Feit
According to Jerome Wakefield's harmful dysfunction analysis (HDA) of medical disorder, the inability of some internal part or mechanism to perform its natural function is necessary, but not sufficient, for disorder. HDA also requires that the part dysfunction be harmful to the individual. I consider several problems for HDA's harm criterion in this article. Other accounts on which harm is necessary for disorder will suffer from all or almost all of these problems. Comparative accounts of harm imply that one is harmed when one is made worse off, that is, worse off than one otherwise would have been...
October 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676937/multiple-studies-and-weak-evidential-defeat
#12
Nikk Effingham, Malcolm J Price
When a study shows statistically significant correlation between an exposure and an outcome, the credence of a real connection between the two increases. Should that credence remain the same when it is discovered that further independent studies between the exposure and other independent outcomes were conducted? Matthew Kotzen argues that it should remain the same, even if the results of those further studies are discovered. However, we argue that it can differ dependent upon the results of the studies.
October 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702734/understanding-disease-and-illness
#13
EDITORIAL
Jeremy R Simon, Havi Carel, Alexander Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695475/symptom-modelling-can-be-influenced-by-psychiatric-categories-choices-for-research-domain-criteria-rdoc
#14
Sam Fellowes
Psychiatric researchers typically assume that the modelling of psychiatric symptoms is not influenced by psychiatric categories; symptoms are modelled and then grouped into a psychiatric category. I highlight this primarily through analysing research domain criteria (RDoC). RDoC's importance makes it worth scrutinizing, and this assessment also serves as a case study with relevance for other areas of psychiatry. RDoC takes inadequacies of existing psychiatric categories as holding back causal investigation...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681329/where-s-the-problem-considering-laing-and-esterson-s-account-of-schizophrenia-social-models-of-disability-and-extended-mental-disorder
#15
Rachel Cooper
In this article, I compare and evaluate R. D. Laing and A. Esterson's account of schizophrenia as developed in Sanity, Madness and the Family (1964), social models of disability, and accounts of extended mental disorder. These accounts claim that some putative disorders (schizophrenia, disability, certain mental disorders) should not be thought of as reflecting biological or psychological dysfunction within the afflicted individual, but instead as external problems (to be located in the family, or in the material and social environment)...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681328/diagnosis-narrative-identity-and-asymptomatic-disease
#16
Mary Jean Walker, Wendy A Rogers
An increasing number of patients receive diagnoses of disease without having any symptoms. These include diseases detected through screening programs, as incidental findings from unrelated investigations, or via routine checks of various biological variables like blood pressure or cholesterol. In this article, we draw on narrative identity theory to examine how the process of making sense of being diagnosed with asymptomatic disease can trigger certain overlooked forms of harm for patients. We show that the experience of asymptomatic disease can involve 'mismatches' between one's beliefs about one's health status on the one hand, and bodily sensations or past experience on the other...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676936/evaluating-the-uk-house-of-commons-science-and-technology-committee-s-position-on-the-implausible-effectiveness-of-homeopathic-treatments
#17
Andrew Turner
In 2009, the UK House of Commons Science and Technology Committee (STC) conducted an 'evidence check' on homeopathy to evaluate evidence for its effectiveness. In common with the wider literature critical of homeopathy, the STC report seems to endorse many of the strong claims that are made about its implausibility. In contrast with the critical literature, however, the STC report explicitly does not place any weight on implausibility in its evaluation. I use the contrasting positions of the STC and the wider critical literature to examine the 'implausibility arguments' against homeopathy and the place of such arguments within evidence-based medicine (EBM)...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674861/the-muddle-of-medicalization-pathologizing-or-medicalizing
#18
Jonathan Sholl
Medicalization appears to be an issue that is both ubiquitous and unquestionably problematic as it seems to signal at once a social and existential threat. This perception of medicalization, however, is nothing new. Since the first main writings in the 1960s and 1970s, it has consistently been used to describe inappropriate or abusive instances of medical authority. Yet, while this standard approach claims that medicalization is a growing problem, it assumes that there is simply one "medical model" and that the expanding realm of "the medical" can be more or less clearly delineated...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660393/re-evaluating-concepts-of-biological-function-in-clinical-medicine-towards-a-new-naturalistic-theory-of-disease
#19
Benjamin Chin-Yee, Ross E G Upshur
Naturalistic theories of disease appeal to concepts of biological function, and use the notion of dysfunction as the basis of their definitions. Debates in the philosophy of biology demonstrate how attributing functions in organisms and establishing the function-dysfunction distinction is by no means straightforward. This problematization of functional ascription has undermined naturalistic theories and led some authors to abandon the concept of dysfunction, favoring instead definitions based in normative criteria or phenomenological approaches...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707118/exemplars-ethics-and-illness-narratives
#20
Ian James Kidd
Many people report that reading first-person narratives of the experience of illness can be morally instructive or educative. But although they are ubiquitous and typically sincere, the precise nature of such educative experiences is puzzling, for those narratives typically lack the features that modern philosophers regard as constitutive of moral reason. I argue that such puzzlement should disappear, and the morally educative power of illness narratives explained, if one distinguishes two different styles of moral reasoning: an inferentialist style that generates the puzzlement and an alternative exemplarist style that offers a compelling explanation of the morally educative power of pathographic literature...
July 13, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
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