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Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609159/development-of-a-canine-care-and-welfare-knowledge-scale-implications-for-welfare-and-preventing-dogfighting
#1
Maria A Iliopoulou, Rene P Rosenbaum, Carla L Carleton
The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for scale development. The EFA and CFA of the CCWK Scale revealed a 2nd-order model with 6 factors to be a good fit of the data (chi-square [df = 269] = 433, p < ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494169/companion-animals-in-natural-disasters-a-scoping-review-of-scholarly-sources
#2
Cheryl Travers, Chris Degeling, Melanie Rock
During a disaster, people may make evacuation decisions based on their companion animal's welfare, therefore exposing themselves, their companion animals, and emergency responders to increased risk for injury or death. The loss and suffering of companion animals in disasters causes deep distress, diminishing people's capacity to rebuild their lives. This scoping review presents scholarly research studies and reviews relating to people and their companion animals in the context of disasters, with an aim of informing researchers, policymakers, and practitioners and providing direction for future research...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467121/companion-animal-caregiver-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-end-of-life-care
#3
Roschelle A Heuberger, Jessica Pierce
Although awareness of end-of-life care is growing within the veterinary field and there appears to be consumer demand for these services, it is unclear exactly what caregivers know about end-of-life options for their companion animals. Are companion-animal caregivers aware of the range of options for their nonhuman animals? What do they value most highly for their nonhuman animals at the end of life? Answers to these and other related questions about caregiver perceptions are important because what they know about end-of-life care and how they approach decision-making for their companion animals will shape the kind of care an animal receives...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541780/food-quality-in-lusaka-national-park-tracking-mortality-in-black-lechwe-antelopes
#4
Kenneth Nyambe, Lackson Chama, Stanford Siachoono, Benjamin Mubemba
Translocation is one of the fundamental tools in wildlife management but only if appropriately undertaken. In 2009, 30 black lechwe antelopes were suddenly translocated from the State House Habitat (STH) into the newly established Lusaka National Park (LNP). However, within 4 months of being translocated to LNP, 28 black lechwes (93%) died. A pathological report produced by veterinarians following a postmortem examination suggested no disease incidence affected the antelopes. The food quality of LNP was tested and compared to that in the STH and the antelopes' native habitat of the Bangweulu wetlands (BGW) to establish if variations in food quality were responsible for the antelopes' mortality...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541779/attitudes-toward-bile-extraction-from-living-bears-survey-of-citizens-and-students-in-beijing
#5
Zhao Liu, Zhigang Jiang, Aifang Yang, Bingbing Xu, Hongxia Fang, Zongping Xie, Ning Li, Chunwang Li, Zhibin Meng, Yan Zeng
Bear bile is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for millennia. Several arguments support and oppose the use of bear farming in terms of conservation and nonhuman animal welfare. This study involved designing a questionnaire and surveying a random sample of general citizens and college students in Beijing to elicit their attitudes on bile extraction from living bears. Older people and people with lower education levels used more bear bile medicines. In total, 29.47% (n = 204) of citizens and 23...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481141/welfare-impacts-of-spay-neuter-focused-outreach-on-companion-animals-in-new-york-city-public-housing
#6
Emily D Dolan, Emily Weiss, Margaret R Slater
Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on welfare-related outcomes and attitudes around S/N in underserved areas of New York City. There was no significant difference between a group receiving intensive outreach and a comparison group on whether they had rehomed a companion animal in the last year...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481121/behavior-and-welfare-of-domestic-cats-housed-in-cages-larger-than-u-s-norm
#7
Judith L Stella, Candace C Croney, C Tony Buffington
The effect of providing additional floor space on cat behavior and welfare is not well documented. This study involved replication of an investigation of cats' responses to enhanced cage and room environments using cages of 0.56 m(2) with the same methodology but an increased space allowance of 1.1 m(2). Singly housed adult cats (n = 59) were randomly assigned to a treatment group that was a combination of a managed or unmanaged room and an enriched or unenriched cage environment. Cats were observed for 2 days for maintenance, affiliative, and avoidant behaviors using scan sampling and 5-min, continuous focal sampling...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443682/abandonment-of-dogs-and-cats-public-opinions-as-population-management-indicators
#8
Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Evelyn Nestori Chiozzotto, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Marcos Amaku, Fernando Ferreira
This study involved characterizing public opinions on selected issues related to the abandonment of dogs and cats in Votorantim, São Paulo, Brazil. This goal was achieved by applying multiple correspondence analysis to answers recorded in questionnaires of a population-based survey. The results suggest that the tolerance of potentially problematic behaviors did not depend on the specific kind of behavior, at least among the behaviors evaluated. The opinions given for the most frequent fate of the companion animals did not depend on the species, and those who considered abandonment to be one of the most frequent fates tended to also consider abandonment as a solution to problematic behaviors...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429961/analysis-of-factors-relating-to-companion-rabbits-relinquished-to-two-united-kingdom-rehoming-centers
#9
Clare F Ellis, Wanda McCormick, Ambrose Tinarwo
Rabbits are a common companion animal in the United Kingdom, and some reports have suggested that large numbers are relinquished to rehoming centers each year. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of rabbits relinquished to 2 UK rehoming centers and explore reasons given for relinquishment. The centers contributed data for all rabbits who entered their center during 2013 (n = 205). Most rabbits (59.5%) were relinquished by a guardian. Similar numbers of males and females were relinquished, and a larger number of rabbits were not neutered (72...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409651/reliability-of-fear-assessment-in-growing-pigs-exposed-to-a-novel-object-test-in-commercial-conditions
#10
Antoni Dalmau, Eva Mainau, Antonio Velarde
The objective of this study was to assess the reliability and feasibility of a novel object test assessing fear in pigs in commercial conditions. A total of 18 commercial farms were visited, and 321 pens housing 4,220 growing pigs were assessed. Three balloons were used as a novel stimulus. Measures were (a) the time it took for the first pig to contact 1 of the balloons, (b) percentage of nonhuman animals watching the balloons each for 10 s, and (c) percentage of animals touching the balloons during periods of 5 s...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379045/self-rehabilitation-of-a-captive-american-crow-at-binghamton-zoo
#11
Clara Davie, Anne B Clark
The behavioral transition from an entirely unflighted-to-flighted, female yearling American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) in captivity in a specially designed exhibit was documented at the Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park in Binghamton, NY. Upon arrival, the focal crow had no complete primary feathers or retrices and had been in captivity since fledging. She apparently had never flown successfully and was using her legs and an abnormal body orientation to cushion her landing on the ground. In a social and physical environment with 3 flying companion crows and staggered perches, she developed and appeared to "practice" routines that ultimately resulted in her recovering normal body posture and flight ability...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368662/assessing-effectiveness-of-a-nonhuman-animal-welfare-education-program-for-primary-school-children
#12
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams
Nonhuman animal welfare education aims to promote positive relationships between children and animals and thus improve animal welfare, yet few scientific evaluations of these programs exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program developed by the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) that included 4 interventions focusing on pets (companion animals), wild animals, farm animals, and general animal rescues. Knowledge, attachment to pets, and attitudes and beliefs about animal minds were assessed at pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest using a questionnaire administered to 1,217 Scottish children aged 7 to 13 years old...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375757/equine-welfare-assessment-exploration-of-british-stakeholder-attitudes-using-focus-group-discussions
#13
Susan V Horseman, Jo Hockenhull, Henry Buller, Siobhan Mullan, Alistair R S Barr, Helen R Whay
The equine industry in Great Britain has not been subject to the same pressures as the farming industry to engage with welfare assessment, but this may change as concern about equine welfare increases. Stakeholder attitudes toward welfare assessment may impact the implementation of welfare assessment practices. Focus-group discussions regarding welfare assessment were conducted with 6 equine stakeholder groups: leisure horse owners (caregivers; n = 4), grooms (n = 5), veterinary surgeons (n = 3), welfare scientists (n = 4), welfare charity workers (n = 5), and professional riders (n = 4)...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375756/steel-jawed-leghold-traps-and-killing-neck-snares-similar-injuries-command-change-to-agreement-on-international-humane-trapping-standards
#14
Gilbert Proulx, Dwight Rodtka
According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300 s. However, killing neck snares are not included in the agreement. In this commentary, a parallel is drawn between injuries caused by steel-jawed leghold traps, which have been banned by the AIHTS signatory countries, and killing neck snares to demonstrate that these snares should also be included in international humane trapping standards (i...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375755/designing-better-water-troughs-does-trough-color-influence-dairy-cows-preference
#15
Dayane Lemos Teixeira, Maria José Hötzel, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado Filho, José Daniel Cazale, Daniel Enríquez-Hidalgo
Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank similar quantities, spent a similar amount of time drinking, and took a similar number of sips from the 3 trough colors (p > .05). In 75% of the tests, cows drank more than 95% of the test period from the same trough...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375754/applying-behavioral-conditioning-to-identify-anticipatory-behaviors
#16
Bethany L Krebs, Erika Torres, Charlie Chesney, Veronica Kantoniemi Moon, Jason V Watters
The ability to predict regular events can be adaptive for nonhuman animals living in an otherwise unpredictable environment. Animals may exhibit behavioral changes preceding a predictable event; such changes reflect anticipatory behavior. Anticipatory behavior is broadly defined as a goal-directed increase in activity preceding a predictable event and can be useful for assessing well being in animals in captivity. Anticipation may look different in different animals, however, necessitating methods to generate and study anticipatory behaviors across species...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166413/dutch-consumers-willingness-to-pay-for-broiler-welfare
#17
Machiel Mulder, Sigourney Zomer
This article analyzes Dutch consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) for the welfare of broiler chickens and the consequences for nonhuman animal welfare policies. Using data from a discrete-choice experiment and a random parameter logit model, this study showed that consumers particularly value opportunities for outdoor access and the method used for anesthesia before slaughter. The WTP was also positively related to the number of consumers buying the same product, indicating that they experience the public-good dilemma...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139164/toward-a-choice-based-judgment-bias-task-for-horses
#18
Sara Hintze, Emma Roth, Iris Bachmann, Hanno Würbel
Judgment bias tasks for nonhuman animals are promising tools to assess emotional valence as a measure of animal welfare. In view of establishing a valid judgment bias task for horses, the present study aimed to evaluate 2 versions (go/no-go and active choice) of an auditory judgment bias task for horses in terms of acquisition learning and discrimination of ambiguous cues. Five mares and 5 stallions were randomly assigned to the 2 designs and trained for 10 trials per day to acquire different operant responses to a low-frequency tone and a high-frequency tone, respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869570/use-of-primates-in-research-what-do-we-know-about-captive-strepsirrhine-primates
#19
Gloria Fernández Lázaro, Sarah Zehr, Enrique Alonso García
The increasing debate and restrictions on primate research have prompted many surveys about their status. However, there is a lack of information regarding strepsirrhine primates in the literature. This study provides an overview of research on strepsirrhines in captivity by analyzing scientific articles published from 2010 to 2013 and assessing publicly available government reports in Europe and the United States. Data on taxonomy, country, research area, research class, and type of institution were extracted...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827545/olfactory-enrichment-in-california-sea-lions-zalophus-californianus-an-effective-tool-for-captive-welfare
#20
Mystera M Samuelson, Lisa K Lauderdale, Kelly Pulis, Moby Solangi, Tim Hoffland, Heidi Lyn
In the wild, California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are exposed to a wide variety of sensory information, which cannot be replicated in captive environments. Therefore, unique procedures are necessary for maintaining physiological and psychological health in nonhuman animals in captivity. The effects of introducing natural scents to captive enclosures have been investigated in a variety of species, yet they have not been examined in marine mammals. This project explored the behavioral effect of scent added to the environment, with the goal of improving the welfare of sea lions in captivity...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
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