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Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322828/population-survey-and-management-strategies-of-free-roaming-dogs-canis-familiaris-on-saipan-commonwealth-of-the-northern-mariana-islands
#1
Adrianna Nimer, Nashelly Meneses, Zachary D Watson, Stephen M Shuster, Russell Benford
The island of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, is populated by free-roaming dogs who were introduced during World War II. The local nonhuman animal control agency manages this population; however, the demographic information and public perception of this population remain unknown. To characterize the free-roaming dog population, an island-wide survey on Saipan was conducted. Photographic, mark-recapture data were used to estimate the population size per land type. Age, sex, sociality, and behavior per land type were documented and associations between these variables were tested using G tests...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322823/use-of-space-and-behavior-of-weaned-piglets-kept-in-enriched-two-level-housing-system
#2
Michaela Fels, Franziska Lüthje, Alice Faux-Nightingale, Nicole Kemper
In this study, the possibility of introducing an elevated platform to a piglet pen was explored as a way of increasing available space and creating functional areas. On the platform, nine different manipulable materials were offered. In four batches, 40 weaned piglets were kept for five weeks in the two-level pen. Video recordings were taken two days per week. In the afternoon, more piglets were on the platform than in the morning or at night (7.2 ± 0.1 vs. 4.9 ± 0.1 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1 piglets/5 minutes; p < ...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299968/effect-of-capacity-for-care-on-cat-admission-trends-at-the-guelph-humane-society-2011-2015
#3
Natasha Janke, Olaf Berke, Eyal Klement, D T Tyler Flockhart, Jason Coe, Shane Bateman
In recent years, there has been a growing concern regarding populations of cats who are homeless. Shelters are constantly overwhelmed by the influx of cats without caregivers and are seeking solutions to enhance positive outcomes for them. In 2014, the Guelph Humane Society implemented a population management program to expedite the movement of cats through the shelter by decreasing the average nonhuman animal's length of stay using scheduled intakes to control for overcrowding and by implementing strategies to increase adoption rates...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299937/assessment-of-environmental-enrichment-for-different-primate-species-under-low-budget-a-case-study
#4
R Costa, C Sousa, M Llorente
The 2011 European Union Zoo Inquiry presented evidence that most zoos fail to achieve adequate levels of nonhuman animal welfare. Appropriate environmental enrichment (EE) can play a role in the promotion of welfare. However, financial and staff constraints frequently make it challenging to implement EE on a daily basis. The aim of this study was to test how individuals of three different nonhuman primate species at the Maia Zoo in Portugal (white-handed gibbons, Hylobates lar; Mona monkeys, Cercopithecus mona; and brown lemurs, Eulemur fulvus) reacted to EE devices...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207883/physiological-and-behavioral-indices-of-short-term-stress-in-wild-vicu%C3%A3-as-vicugna-vicugna-in-jujuy-province-argentina
#5
Gisela Marcoppido, Yanina Arzamendia, Bibiana Vilá
The management of wild vicuñas can trigger a stress response that may compromise welfare. In Santa Catalina, Jujuy Province, Argentina, indices of short-term stress associated with capture, handling, and shearing were studied in 105 wild vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna). The study included 2 groups (n = 59 and n = 46) of wild vicuñas captured in 2 consecutive days. Independent variables analyzed included sex, restraint time, and groups. Cortisol, creatine kinase, glucose, white blood cells, temperature, heart rate, and respiratory frequency were higher than published values...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199480/citizens-understanding-of-welfare-of-animals-on-the-farm-an-empirical-study
#6
Heinke Heise, Ludwig Theuvsen
Many people believe that welfare standards for nonhuman animals on farms need to be improved. However, the definition of farm animal welfare (FAW) remains unclear, as different disciplines have developed competing understandings of FAW. Some studies have investigated citizens' understanding of FAW through quantitative surveys. This study combined both closed-ended and open-ended questions and compared the findings from the different types of questions. For the open-ended question, respondents mostly named criteria in the categories of "housing system" and "management practice"; however, for the closed-ended question, the category "animal health" was most important...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185811/welfare-impacts-of-the-illegal-wildlife-trade-in-a-cohort-of-confiscated-greater-slow-lorises-nycticebus-coucang
#7
Grace Fuller, Wilhelmina Frederica Eggen, Wirdateti Wirdateti, K A I Nekaris
Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77 greater slow lorises, N. coucang, who were confiscated en masse and brought to Cikananga Wildlife Center in Indonesia. Medical records indicated that in total, 28.6% of the slow lorises died within the first 6 months, mostly due to traumatic injury, and all the infants died...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185798/reproduction-and-monogamy-in-captive-flock-of-greater-flamingos-phoenicopterus-roseus
#8
Camillo Sandri, Carolina Sammarini, Barbara Regaiolli, Caterina Spiezio, Alessandra Piccirillo
Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) from 2012 to 2016. To estimate reproductive success, the number of pairs, eggs laid, and hatchlings were recorded. In addition, information on age, egg-laying history of the partners, and pair composition was collected...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182366/voracious-science-vulnerable-animals-a-primate-scientist-s-ethical-journey-john-p-gluck-chicago-il-university-of-chicago-press-2016-313-pp
#9
Lynette Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172722/effect-of-switch-trimming-on-udder-and-teat-hygiene-of-dairy-cows
#10
Heather D Ingle, Christa A Rice, Randi A Black, Sarah Z Childers, Nicole L Eberhart, Maria E Prado, Peter D Krawczel
The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a commercially available trimmer), or (b) control (unaltered tails). Udder hygiene was recorded for cows on Days 0 (initiation of treatment), 32, and 64. A subset of cows (n = 21) was used to assess Streptococci and coliform bacterial populations on teat ends...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172720/preliminary-study-on-current-perceptions-and-usage-of-training-equipment-by-horse-enthusiasts-in-canada
#11
Katrina Merkies, Lindsay Nakonechny, Cordelie DuBois, Emilie Derisoud
Training practices may impose restrictions on the equine behavioral repertoire through the use of training equipment. Presently, the prevalence of the use of training equipment in Canada is unknown. Through an online survey for horse enthusiasts (n = 654), this study evaluated the prevalence and predominant uses of whips, spurs, and head-control equipment by enthusiasts with direct contact with horses compared to perceptions held by enthusiasts with no direct horse contact using chi-squared analyses. Respondents primarily reported using whips and spurs to augment rider or trainer cues and reported using head-control equipment mainly for lunging purposes...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068711/defaming-rover-error-based-latent-rhetoric-in-the-medical-literature-on-dog-bites
#12
Arnold Arluke, Donald Cleary, Gary Patronek, Janis Bradley
This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between 1966 and 2015 identified by terms such as "dog bite" or "dangerous dogs." The analysis revealed misinformation about human-canine interactions, the significance of breed and breed characteristics, and the frequency of dog bite-related injuries...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068704/effects-of-enrichment-presentation-and-other-factors-on-behavioral-welfare-of-pantropical-spotted-dolphin-stenella-attenuata
#13
Barbara C Perez, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Amanda R Foltz, Nicole R Dorey
Environmental enrichment is a crucial element of promoting welfare for animals in captivity. However, enrichment programs are not always formally evaluated for their efficacy. Furthermore, there is little empirical evidence of enrichment evaluation for species of small cetaceans in zoological settings. A wide range of variables may potentially influence enrichment efficacy and how it in turn affects behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the most preferred environmental enrichment, and method of presentation, for a species that has not been well studied in captivity, the pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135353/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933959/what-makes-a-dog-adoptable-an-eye-tracking-investigation
#15
Sara Isgate, Justin J Couchman
Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and Rottweiler) in 4 poses (dog sitting alone, sitting with a human, standing alone, and walking on a leash with a human). Participants rated each picture on friendliness, aggressiveness, and adoptability. Eye-tracking technology identified which specific features were represented in each picture to determine whether they had any effect on the judgments...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933949/behavior-and-performance-of-dairy-cows-after-transfer-from-tied-to-cubicle-housing
#16
Anne Pavlenko, Lena Lidfors, David R Arney, Tanel Kaart, Andres Aland
Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month. Recordings were made of body positions and general and social behaviors. Monthly milk records were collected 1 year before and 1 year after transition. Cows walked more during the 1st observation period than during the other periods (p < ...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910169/perceptions-of-equid-well-being-well-being-in-south-dakota
#17
Lindsey R McNeill, Rebecca C Bott, Sara L Mastellar, Gemechis Djira, Heidi K Carroll
In South Dakota, the status of equid well being is relatively unknown. This study sought to (a) gain understanding about the current perceptions of nonhuman animal well being in South Dakota, with an emphasis on horses and other equids; (b) determine the level of care equids are reportedly receiving and the perceived challenges to equine well being in South Dakota, and (c) determine if people from diverse geographical locations (east or west of the Missouri River) have similar views on the well being of equids in South Dakota...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846031/parity-influences-the-demeanor-of-sows-in-group-housing
#18
Taya Clarke, John R Pluske, David W Miller, Teresa Collins, Patricia A Fleming
Across the globe, producers are moving from individual housing to group housing for sows during gestation. Producers typically group sows of a range of parities together, although the impacts are largely unknown. This study examined the behavioral expression at mixing for young, midparity, and older sows. Ten mixed-parity groups were filmed at mixing on a commercial piggery. One-minute clips were edited from continuous footage where focal sows of known parity could be identified, and scored for qualitative behavioral expression...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846027/perceptions-of-social-responsibility-of-prominent-animal-welfare-groups
#19
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Carissa J Morgan, Candace C Croney
Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people's perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization's perceived social responsibility. Data from an online survey of 300 U.S. residents were used to explore relationships between demographics/lifestyle choices and perceptions of prominent animal welfare organizations (using best-worst scaling methodology)...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820613/influence-of-paddock-size-on-social-relationships-in-domestic-horses
#20
Katarzyna Majecka, Aneta Klawe
The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and ponies, forming 3 groups, were included in the study. The time of the observation was divided into 2 periods. The data obtained from the 1st period (the horses were on relatively small paddocks) and the 2nd period (the paddocks were significantly bigger) were compared...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
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