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Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068711/defaming-rover-error-based-latent-rhetoric-in-the-medical-literature-on-dog-bites
#1
Arnold Arluke, Donald Cleary, Gary Patronek, Janis Bradley
This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between 1966 and 2015 identified by terms such as "dog bite" or "dangerous dogs." The analysis revealed misinformation about human-canine interactions, the significance of breed and breed characteristics, and the frequency of dog bite-related injuries...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068704/effects-of-enrichment-presentation-and-other-factors-on-behavioral-welfare-of-pantropical-spotted-dolphin-stenella-attenuata
#2
Barbara C Perez, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Amanda R Foltz, Nicole R Dorey
Environmental enrichment is a crucial element of promoting welfare for animals in captivity. However, enrichment programs are not always formally evaluated for their efficacy. Furthermore, there is little empirical evidence of enrichment evaluation for species of small cetaceans in zoological settings. A wide range of variables may potentially influence enrichment efficacy and how it in turn affects behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the most preferred environmental enrichment, and method of presentation, for a species that has not been well studied in captivity, the pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960091/race-and-ethnicity-are-not-primary-determinants-in-utilizing-veterinary-services-in-underserved-communities-in-the-united-states
#3
Jessica L Decker Sparks, Bridget Camacho, Philip Tedeschi, Kevin N Morris
A retrospective database analysis (2011-2015) evaluated associations between race and ethnicity and veterinary service utilization by sampling 83,260 companion animals whose guardians (owners) self-identified as White, Black, or Latino/a from 39 Humane Society of the United States Pets for Life (PFL) sites across the United States. Controlling for socioeconomic status, the percentage of nonhuman animals sterilized through PFL whose owners were Latino/a or Black was substantially higher than in previously reported findings...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960090/three-year-route-census-study-on-welfare-status-of-free-roaming-cats-in-old-town-onomichi-japan
#4
Aira Seo, Hajime Tanida
The free-roaming cat population in Japan is increasing, and these cats are regarded as a tourism resource in some areas; however, their welfare status is unknown. Thus, this study assessed the welfare status of free-roaming cats in the old town of Onomichi City, Hiroshima, Japan. Route censuses were conducted 8 times per month for 3 years to estimate cat populations in the uptown and downtown areas of Onomichi. In the 1st year, we found 124 cats and 80 cats in the uptown and downtown areas, respectively. Approximately half the cats in each area were in poor physical condition...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933952/impact-of-mandatory-microchipping-on-traceability-of-sheltered-dogs-in-the-czech-republic
#5
Jiri Zak, Eva Voslarova, Vladimir Vecerek, Iveta Bedanova
Records of 4,455 sheltered dogs were analyzed to compare the numbers of traceable (able to be reunited with original caregivers) and untraceable (unable to be reunited with original caregivers) dogs before (Period 1) and after (Period 2) introduction of a mandatory microchipping. Records were also used to compare the numbers of microchipped dogs, to compare dogs' reunification with caregivers, and to estimate possible financial savings. In Period 1, 51.8% of the dogs were untraceable (median length of stay = 14 days) and 48...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850262/case-study-composite-material-yoke-versus-wooden-yoke-for-bullocks-comfort
#6
Ram Kumar Tyagi, Achhaibar Singh
This article addresses the designing of a yoke used to get work output (plowing) from bullocks. The yoke profile was designed in compliance with the profile of the bullock's body for maximum contact area. Unlike the crude, wooden yoke used in rural India, where modern tilling equipment like a tractor is not affordable, the present yoke was smooth, free from sharp edges, and light in weight. A field study was carried out with bullocks using composite and wooden yokes. The fatigue of bullocks was measured in terms of respiration rate and heart rate...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135353/erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933959/what-makes-a-dog-adoptable-an-eye-tracking-investigation
#8
Sara Isgate, Justin J Couchman
Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and Rottweiler) in 4 poses (dog sitting alone, sitting with a human, standing alone, and walking on a leash with a human). Participants rated each picture on friendliness, aggressiveness, and adoptability. Eye-tracking technology identified which specific features were represented in each picture to determine whether they had any effect on the judgments...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933949/behavior-and-performance-of-dairy-cows-after-transfer-from-tied-to-cubicle-housing
#9
Anne Pavlenko, Lena Lidfors, David R Arney, Tanel Kaart, Andres Aland
Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month. Recordings were made of body positions and general and social behaviors. Monthly milk records were collected 1 year before and 1 year after transition. Cows walked more during the 1st observation period than during the other periods (p < ...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910169/perceptions-of-equid-well-being-well-being-in-south-dakota
#10
Lindsey R McNeill, Rebecca C Bott, Sara L Mastellar, Gemechis Djira, Heidi K Carroll
In South Dakota, the status of equid well being is relatively unknown. This study sought to (a) gain understanding about the current perceptions of nonhuman animal well being in South Dakota, with an emphasis on horses and other equids; (b) determine the level of care equids are reportedly receiving and the perceived challenges to equine well being in South Dakota, and (c) determine if people from diverse geographical locations (east or west of the Missouri River) have similar views on the well being of equids in South Dakota...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846031/parity-influences-the-demeanor-of-sows-in-group-housing
#11
Taya Clarke, John R Pluske, David W Miller, Teresa Collins, Patricia A Fleming
Across the globe, producers are moving from individual housing to group housing for sows during gestation. Producers typically group sows of a range of parities together, although the impacts are largely unknown. This study examined the behavioral expression at mixing for young, midparity, and older sows. Ten mixed-parity groups were filmed at mixing on a commercial piggery. One-minute clips were edited from continuous footage where focal sows of known parity could be identified, and scored for qualitative behavioral expression...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846027/perceptions-of-social-responsibility-of-prominent-animal-welfare-groups
#12
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Carissa J Morgan, Candace C Croney
Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people's perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization's perceived social responsibility. Data from an online survey of 300 U.S. residents were used to explore relationships between demographics/lifestyle choices and perceptions of prominent animal welfare organizations (using best-worst scaling methodology)...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820613/influence-of-paddock-size-on-social-relationships-in-domestic-horses
#13
Katarzyna Majecka, Aneta Klawe
The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and ponies, forming 3 groups, were included in the study. The time of the observation was divided into 2 periods. The data obtained from the 1st period (the horses were on relatively small paddocks) and the 2nd period (the paddocks were significantly bigger) were compared...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783376/which-wild-aardvarks-are-most-suitable-for-outdoor-enclosures-in-zoological-gardens-in-the-european-union
#14
Jiří Patoka, Markéta Vejtrubová, Vladimír Vrabec, Renata Masopustová
The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures with little space for movement. This lack of space leads to a tendency toward obesity and compromised welfare. With their wide distribution in Sub-Saharan Africa, aardvarks are perceived as thermophilic nonhuman animals...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762781/application-of-the-hands-on-donkey-tool-for-assessing-the-welfare-of-working-equids-at-tuliman-mexico
#15
F Galindo, A de Aluja, R Cagigas, L A Huerta, T A Tadich
Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the hands-on donkey tool. This tool evaluates five dimensions (behavior, body condition score [BCS], wounds, lameness, and other health issues) and was applied to 438 working equids (horses, mules, and donkeys). The Kruskall-Wallis test was applied to investigate differences between species and sex...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915084/eov-editorial-board-page
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696774/impacts-of-encouraging-dog-walking-on-returns-of-newly-adopted-dogs-to-a-shelter
#17
Lisa Gunter, Alexandra Protopopova, Steven P Hooker, Cheryl Der Ananian, Clive D L Wynne
This study involved examining the ability of a postadoption intervention to reduce returns of newly adopted dogs to shelters by encouraging physical activity between adopters and their dogs. Guardians in the intervention group received emails with dog behavior and human activity advice as well as invitations to join weekly dog walks. Both the intervention and control groups completed surveys regarding outdoor activity with their dogs, their dog-walking habits, and perceptions of their dogs' behaviors. Adopter-dog pairs in the intervention group were not significantly more active than those in the control group, nor did they show a reduced incidence of returning their dogs...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696771/occurrence-of-wounds-in-nigerian-horses
#18
Onyinyechukwu A Agina, John I Ihedioha
This study investigated the occurrence of wounds in Nigerian horses. The study population was 1,621 horses sold at the Obollo Afor horse lairage in Enugu State, Nigeria, during a 6-month period: 3 months of dry season and 3 months of rainy season (February-April and June-August 2012). A total of 207 horses were systematically sampled and subjected to a comprehensive physical examination. Those with wounds were marked, recorded, and clinically examined. Of the 207 horses sampled, 21 (10.1%) had wounds. The body distribution of the wounds was 9...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657796/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-addressing-veterinary-care-for-underserved-communities
#19
Elizabeth LaVallee, Megan Kiely Mueller, Emily McCobb
Currently, there is a care gap in veterinary medicine affecting low-income and underserved communities, resulting in decreased nonhuman-animal health and welfare. The use of low-price and community veterinary clinics in underserved populations is a strategy to improve companion-animal health through preventative care, spay/neuter, and other low-price care programs and services. Little research has documented the structure and effectiveness of such initiatives. This systematic review aimed to assess current published research pertaining to accessible health care, community-based veterinary medicine, and the use of community medicine in teaching programs...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609159/development-of-a-canine-care-and-welfare-knowledge-scale-implications-for-welfare-and-preventing-dogfighting
#20
Maria A Iliopoulou, Rene P Rosenbaum, Carla L Carleton
The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for scale development. The EFA and CFA of the CCWK Scale revealed a 2nd-order model with 6 factors to be a good fit of the data (chi-square [df = 269] = 433, p < ...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
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