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Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910169/perceptions-of-equid-well-being-in-south-dakota
#1
Lindsey R McNeill, Rebecca C Bott, Sara L Mastellar, Gemechis Djira, Heidi K Carroll
In South Dakota, the status of equid well being is relatively unknown. This study sought to (a) gain understanding about the current perceptions of nonhuman animal well being in South Dakota, with an emphasis on horses and other equids; (b) determine the level of care equids are reportedly receiving and the perceived challenges to equine well being in South Dakota, and (c) determine if people from diverse geographical locations (east or west of the Missouri River) have similar views on the well being of equids in South Dakota...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850262/case-study-composite-material-yoke-versus-wooden-yoke-for-bullocks-comfort
#2
Ram Kumar Tyagi, Achhaibar Singh
This article addresses the designing of a yoke used to get work output (plowing) from bullocks. The yoke profile was designed in compliance with the profile of the bullock's body for maximum contact area. Unlike the crude, wooden yoke used in rural India, where modern tilling equipment like a tractor is not affordable, the present yoke was smooth, free from sharp edges, and light in weight. A field study was carried out with bullocks using composite and wooden yokes. The fatigue of bullocks was measured in terms of respiration rate and heart rate...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846031/parity-influences-the-demeanor-of-sows-in-group-housing
#3
Taya Clarke, John R Pluske, David W Miller, Teresa Collins, Trish Fleming
Across the globe, producers are moving from individual housing to group housing for sows during gestation. Producers typically group sows of a range of parities together, although the impacts are largely unknown. This study examined the behavioral expression at mixing for young, midparity, and older sows. Ten mixed-parity groups were filmed at mixing on a commercial piggery. One-minute clips were edited from continuous footage where focal sows of known parity could be identified, and scored for qualitative behavioral expression...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846027/perceptions-of-social-responsibility-of-prominent-animal-welfare-groups
#4
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Carissa J Morgan, Candace C Croney
Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people's perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization's perceived social responsibility. Data from an online survey of 300 U.S. residents were used to explore relationships between demographics/lifestyle choices and perceptions of prominent animal welfare organizations (using best-worst scaling methodology)...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820613/influence-of-paddock-size-on-social-relationships-in-domestic-horses
#5
Katarzyna Majecka, Aneta Klawe
The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and ponies, forming 3 groups, were included in the study. The time of the observation was divided into 2 periods. The data obtained from the 1st period (the horses were on relatively small paddocks) and the 2nd period (the paddocks were significantly bigger) were compared...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783376/which-wild-aardvarks-are-most-suitable-for-outdoor-enclosures-in-zoological-gardens-in-the-european-union
#6
Jiří Patoka, Markéta Vejtrubová, Vladimír Vrabec, Renata Masopustová
The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures with little space for movement. This lack of space leads to a tendency toward obesity and compromised welfare. With their wide distribution in Sub-Saharan Africa, aardvarks are perceived as thermophilic nonhuman animals...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762781/application-of-the-hands-on-donkey-tool-for-assessing-the-welfare-of-working-equids-at-tuliman-mexico
#7
F Galindo, A de Aluja, R Cagigas, L A Huerta, T A Tadich
Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the hands-on donkey tool. This tool evaluates five dimensions (behavior, body condition score [BCS], wounds, lameness, and other health issues) and was applied to 438 working equids (horses, mules, and donkeys). The Kruskall-Wallis test was applied to investigate differences between species and sex...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915084/eov-editorial-board-page
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696774/impacts-of-encouraging-dog-walking-on-returns-of-newly-adopted-dogs-to-a-shelter
#9
Lisa Gunter, Alexandra Protopopova, Steven P Hooker, Cheryl Der Ananian, Clive D L Wynne
This study involved examining the ability of a postadoption intervention to reduce returns of newly adopted dogs to shelters by encouraging physical activity between adopters and their dogs. Guardians in the intervention group received emails with dog behavior and human activity advice as well as invitations to join weekly dog walks. Both the intervention and control groups completed surveys regarding outdoor activity with their dogs, their dog-walking habits, and perceptions of their dogs' behaviors. Adopter-dog pairs in the intervention group were not significantly more active than those in the control group, nor did they show a reduced incidence of returning their dogs...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696771/occurrence-of-wounds-in-nigerian-horses
#10
Onyinyechukwu A Agina, John I Ihedioha
This study investigated the occurrence of wounds in Nigerian horses. The study population was 1,621 horses sold at the Obollo Afor horse lairage in Enugu State, Nigeria, during a 6-month period: 3 months of dry season and 3 months of rainy season (February-April and June-August 2012). A total of 207 horses were systematically sampled and subjected to a comprehensive physical examination. Those with wounds were marked, recorded, and clinically examined. Of the 207 horses sampled, 21 (10.1%) had wounds. The body distribution of the wounds was 9...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657796/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-addressing-veterinary-care-for-underserved-communities
#11
Elizabeth LaVallee, Megan Kiely Mueller, Emily McCobb
Currently, there is a care gap in veterinary medicine affecting low-income and underserved communities, resulting in decreased nonhuman-animal health and welfare. The use of low-price and community veterinary clinics in underserved populations is a strategy to improve companion-animal health through preventative care, spay/neuter, and other low-price care programs and services. Little research has documented the structure and effectiveness of such initiatives. This systematic review aimed to assess current published research pertaining to accessible health care, community-based veterinary medicine, and the use of community medicine in teaching programs...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609159/development-of-a-canine-care-and-welfare-knowledge-scale-implications-for-welfare-and-preventing-dogfighting
#12
Maria A Iliopoulou, Rene P Rosenbaum, Carla L Carleton
The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for scale development. The EFA and CFA of the CCWK Scale revealed a 2nd-order model with 6 factors to be a good fit of the data (chi-square [df = 269] = 433, p < ...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494169/companion-animals-in-natural-disasters-a-scoping-review-of-scholarly-sources
#13
Cheryl Travers, Chris Degeling, Melanie Rock
During a disaster, people may make evacuation decisions based on their companion animal's welfare, therefore exposing themselves, their companion animals, and emergency responders to increased risk for injury or death. The loss and suffering of companion animals in disasters causes deep distress, diminishing people's capacity to rebuild their lives. This scoping review presents scholarly research studies and reviews relating to people and their companion animals in the context of disasters, with an aim of informing researchers, policymakers, and practitioners and providing direction for future research...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467121/companion-animal-caregiver-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-end-of-life-care
#14
Roschelle A Heuberger, Jessica Pierce
Although awareness of end-of-life care is growing within the veterinary field and there appears to be consumer demand for these services, it is unclear exactly what caregivers know about end-of-life options for their companion animals. Are companion-animal caregivers aware of the range of options for their nonhuman animals? What do they value most highly for their nonhuman animals at the end of life? Answers to these and other related questions about caregiver perceptions are important because what they know about end-of-life care and how they approach decision-making for their companion animals will shape the kind of care an animal receives...
October 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541780/food-quality-in-lusaka-national-park-tracking-mortality-in-black-lechwe-antelopes
#15
Kenneth Nyambe, Lackson Chama, Stanford Siachoono, Benjamin Mubemba
Translocation is one of the fundamental tools in wildlife management but only if appropriately undertaken. In 2009, 30 black lechwe antelopes were suddenly translocated from the State House Habitat (STH) into the newly established Lusaka National Park (LNP). However, within 4 months of being translocated to LNP, 28 black lechwes (93%) died. A pathological report produced by veterinarians following a postmortem examination suggested no disease incidence affected the antelopes. The food quality of LNP was tested and compared to that in the STH and the antelopes' native habitat of the Bangweulu wetlands (BGW) to establish if variations in food quality were responsible for the antelopes' mortality...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541779/attitudes-toward-bile-extraction-from-living-bears-survey-of-citizens-and-students-in-beijing
#16
Zhao Liu, Zhigang Jiang, Aifang Yang, Bingbing Xu, Hongxia Fang, Zongping Xie, Ning Li, Chunwang Li, Zhibin Meng, Yan Zeng
Bear bile is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for millennia. Several arguments support and oppose the use of bear farming in terms of conservation and nonhuman animal welfare. This study involved designing a questionnaire and surveying a random sample of general citizens and college students in Beijing to elicit their attitudes on bile extraction from living bears. Older people and people with lower education levels used more bear bile medicines. In total, 29.47% (n = 204) of citizens and 23...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481141/welfare-impacts-of-spay-neuter-focused-outreach-on-companion-animals-in-new-york-city-public-housing
#17
Emily D Dolan, Emily Weiss, Margaret R Slater
Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on welfare-related outcomes and attitudes around S/N in underserved areas of New York City. There was no significant difference between a group receiving intensive outreach and a comparison group on whether they had rehomed a companion animal in the last year...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481121/behavior-and-welfare-of-domestic-cats-housed-in-cages-larger-than-u-s-norm
#18
Judith L Stella, Candace C Croney, C Tony Buffington
The effect of providing additional floor space on cat behavior and welfare is not well documented. This study involved replication of an investigation of cats' responses to enhanced cage and room environments using cages of 0.56 m(2) with the same methodology but an increased space allowance of 1.1 m(2). Singly housed adult cats (n = 59) were randomly assigned to a treatment group that was a combination of a managed or unmanaged room and an enriched or unenriched cage environment. Cats were observed for 2 days for maintenance, affiliative, and avoidant behaviors using scan sampling and 5-min, continuous focal sampling...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443682/abandonment-of-dogs-and-cats-public-opinions-as-population-management-indicators
#19
Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Evelyn Nestori Chiozzotto, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Marcos Amaku, Fernando Ferreira
This study involved characterizing public opinions on selected issues related to the abandonment of dogs and cats in Votorantim, São Paulo, Brazil. This goal was achieved by applying multiple correspondence analysis to answers recorded in questionnaires of a population-based survey. The results suggest that the tolerance of potentially problematic behaviors did not depend on the specific kind of behavior, at least among the behaviors evaluated. The opinions given for the most frequent fate of the companion animals did not depend on the species, and those who considered abandonment to be one of the most frequent fates tended to also consider abandonment as a solution to problematic behaviors...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429961/analysis-of-factors-relating-to-companion-rabbits-relinquished-to-two-united-kingdom-rehoming-centers
#20
Clare F Ellis, Wanda McCormick, Ambrose Tinarwo
Rabbits are a common companion animal in the United Kingdom, and some reports have suggested that large numbers are relinquished to rehoming centers each year. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of rabbits relinquished to 2 UK rehoming centers and explore reasons given for relinquishment. The centers contributed data for all rabbits who entered their center during 2013 (n = 205). Most rabbits (59.5%) were relinquished by a guardian. Similar numbers of males and females were relinquished, and a larger number of rabbits were not neutered (72...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
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