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Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315149/can-myofunctional-therapy-increase-tongue-tone-and-reduce-symptoms-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#1
Maria Pia Villa, Melania Evangelisti, Susy Martella, Mario Barreto, Marco Del Pozzo
PURPOSE: Data in the literature suggest that myofunctional therapy (MT) may be able to play a role in the treatment of children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Our study investigated the effectiveness of MT in reducing respiratory symptoms in children with SDB by modifying tongue tone. METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings were performed at baseline to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in 54 children (mean age 7.1 ± 2.5 years, 29 male) with SDB...
March 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281031/pulse-transit-time-as-a-tool-to-characterize-obstructive-and-central-apneas-in-children
#2
Lucie Griffon, Alessandro Amaddeo, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Rossana Tenconi, Serena Caggiano, Sonia Khirani, Brigitte Fauroux
PURPOSE: The characterization of apneas during polysomnography (PSG) as obstructive or central is a key element of a sleep study. Pulse transit time (PTT) has demonstrated its potential as a noninvasive surrogate marker for inspiratory efforts. The aim of the study was to assess the ability of PTT to classify apneas as central or obstructive, as compared to respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) in children. METHODS: Overnight PSG with simultaneous PTT recording was performed on 11 consecutive children (mean age 8...
March 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271327/hypoxia-and-inflammation-indicate-significant-differences-in-the-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-within-similar-apnea-hypopnea-index-groups
#3
Aynur Yilmaz Avci, Suat Avci, Huseyin Lakadamyali, Ufuk Can
PURPOSE: We determined whether hypoxia parameters are associated with C-reactive protein (CRP), mean platelet volume (MPV), white matter hyperintensity (WMH), and the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and also evaluated whether hypoxia parameters, CRP, MPV, and WMH differ in patients with similar apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) scores. METHODS: A total of 297 patients, who were evaluated using polysomnography, were assessed retrospectively. The measured hypoxia parameters included total sleep time with oxygen saturation <90% (ST90), percentage of cumulative time with oxygen saturation <90% (CT90), and lowest oxygen saturation (min SaO2)...
March 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258532/counterclockwise-maxillomandibular-advancement-a-choice-for-chinese-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Silong Wei, Yong Zhang, Xiaojing Guo, Wenwen Yu, Meng Wang, Kan Yao, Hongxia Sun, Hua Zhang, Xiaofeng Lu
PURPOSE: Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an effective alternative for treating severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the promotion of MMA in China is limited by many Chinese patients having a convex facial profile. To achieve maximal upper airway enlargement without an esthetic disaster, we added counterclockwise rotation of the maxillomandibular complex (MMC) in the routine MMA. In this paper, we have evaluated the objective and subjective outcomes of this technology...
March 3, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243925/utility-of-home-sleep-apnea-testing-in-high-risk-veterans
#5
Alyssa Cairns, Kathleen Sarmiento, Richard Bogan
PURPOSE: Many Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMCs) have implemented home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) in lieu of traditional in-lab testing to establish a timely and cost-sensitive diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, concern remains for the sensitivity and specificity of said technology in this population as many veterans are at increased risk for many of the comorbid conditions that can limit the accuracy of HSAT results. Hence, the purpose of this study is to evaluate rate of incongruent outcomes (e...
February 27, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238100/self-reported-sleep-duration-and-daytime-napping-are-associated-with-renal-hyperfiltration-in-general-population
#6
Miao Lin, Qing Su, Junping Wen, Shichao Wei, Jin Yao, Huibin Huang, Jixing Liang, Liantao Li, Wei Lin, Lixiang Lin, Jieli Lu, Yufang Bi, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning, Gang Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Renal hyperfiltration (RHF) has emerged as a novel marker of early renal damage in various conditions such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Aberrant sleep duration and excessive daytime napping may affect the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, the association between sleep duration, daytime napping, and renal hyperfiltration was assessed. SETTING: This study was conducted in three communities in China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16,119 community volunteers (5735 males and 10,384 females) aged 40-65 years without CKD were included for the study...
February 26, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238099/phenotyping-based-treatment-improves-obstructive-sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-severity-a-pilot-study
#7
Ludovico Messineo, Roberto Magri, Luciano Corda, Laura Pini, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Claudio Tantucci
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder characterized by multiple pathogenetic roots. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is almost always prescribed as the first-line treatment to all patients regardless of the heterogeneous pathophysiology, because it mechanically splints the airways open and reduces the collapsibility of the upper airway. Despite its high efficacy, CPAP is burdened by poor adherence and compliance rates. In this pilot study, we treated OSA patients with composite approaches different than CPAP, tailoring the therapeutic choice on OSA phenotypic traits...
February 25, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236270/oxidative-and-carbonyl-stress-in-pregnant-women-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Nazia Khan, Geralyn Lambert-Messerlian, Joao Filipe Monteiro, Julius Hodosy, Ľubomíra Tóthová, Peter Celec, Elizabeth Eklund, Patrizia Curran, Ghada Bourjeily
PURPOSE: Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to sleep-disordered breathing. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. Oxidative stress caused by intermittent hypoxemia and reoxygenation may impact pregnancy health. We hypothesize that pregnant women with OSA have a pronounced oxidative stress profile. METHODS: A case-control study was performed to study oxidative stress markers in the serum of pregnant women with or without OSA...
February 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220391/a-letter-of-thanks-to-the-founding-editors-of-sleep-and-breathing
#9
EDITORIAL
Arn H Eliasson, Thomas Penzel, Fernanda Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220390/reviewer-thank-you-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210922/resting-cerebral-blood-flow-alteration-in-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-an-arterial-spin-labelling-perfusion-fmri-study
#11
Si Nie, De-Chang Peng, Hong-Han Gong, Hai-Jun Li, Li-Ting Chen, Cheng-Long Ye
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in awake people with untreated severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAs) compared with good sleepers (GSs). DESIGN: Arterial spin labelling perfusion imaging was used to quantify cerebral perfusion based on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). SETTING: Lying supine in a 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging scanner in the night was done...
February 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197893/gender-differences-in-clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-clinical-study-of-2827-patients
#12
Ozen K Basoglu, Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is underdiagnosed in females due to different clinical presentation. We aimed to determine the effect of gender on clinical and polysomnographic features and identify predictors of OSA in women. METHODS: Differences in demographic, clinical, and polysomnographic parameters between 2052 male and 775 female OSA patients were compared. RESULTS: In female OSA patients, age (56.1 ± 9.7 vs. 50.4 ± 11...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197892/the-effect-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-hemostasis-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Ryan A Martin, Courtney Strosnider, Gabrielle Giersch, Christopher J Womack, Trent A Hargens
PURPOSE: Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an altered hemostatic balance; however, the exercise response is less described. The purpose of this study is to determine the hemostatic response after acute aerobic exercise in obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Eighteen males (nine OSA vs. nine controls) were recruited from the university and local community. Individuals with evidence of cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease were excluded. An apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of >5 was a criterion for OSA...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190167/the-effect-of-intermittent-fasting-during-ramadan-on-sleep-sleepiness-cognitive-function-and-circadian-rhythm
#14
REVIEW
Shaden O Qasrawi, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S BaHammam
PURPOSE: Studies have shown that experimental fasting can affect cognitive function, sleep, and wakefulness patterns. However, the effects of experimental fasting cannot be generalized to fasting during Ramadan due to its unique characteristics. Therefore, there has been increased interest in studying the effects of fasting during Ramadan on sleep patterns, daytime sleepiness, cognitive function, sleep architecture, and circadian rhythm. METHOD: In this review, we critically discuss the current research findings in those areas during the month of Ramadan...
February 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190166/intelligent-volume-assured-pressured-support-ivaps-for-the-treatment-of-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome
#15
Abdullah Khayat, Debra Medin, Faiza Syed, Theo J Moraes, Saadoun Bin-Hasan, Indra Narang, Suhail Al-Saleh, Reshma Amin
PURPOSE: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is characterized by ventilatory insensitivity to hypercapnia and hypoxemia during sleep and/or wakefulness. Management of CCHS includes a long-term ventilation. However, ventilation can be challenging given differences in the control of breathing during different sleep stages. Intelligent volume-assured pressure support (iVAPS) is a mode of Bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP) ventilation in which the pressure support is modulated to ensure a constant alveolar ventilation...
February 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190165/losartan-attenuates-aortic-endothelial-apoptosis-induced-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-partly-via-the-phospholipase-c-pathway
#16
Jie Ren, Wei Liu, Yan Deng, Guang-Cai Li, Yue-Ying Pan, Sheng Xie, Meng Jin, Hui-Guo Liu
PURPOSE: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is known to play key roles in the development of endothelial cell apoptosis induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), and the angiotensin II-phospholipase C-inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate (AngII-PLC-IP3) pathway has been demonstrated to induce ER stress. To explore whether the AngII-PLC-IP3 pathway is involved in the vascular damage induced by CIH, we examined whether the AngII-PLC-IP3 pathway is involved in ER stress induced by CIH and whether losartan, a selective angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) blocker, could suppress endothelial cell apoptosis induced by CIH...
February 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190164/periodic-limb-movements-in-sleep-are-followed-by-increases-in-eeg-activity-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-during-sleep
#17
Mariusz Sieminski, Jan Pyrzowski, Markku Partinen
PURPOSE: Periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) are related to arousal, sympathetic activation, and increases in blood pressure (BP), but whether they are part of the arousal process or causative of it is unclear. Our objective was to assess the temporal distribution of arousal-related measures around PLMS. METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings of six patients with restless legs syndrome were analyzed. We analyzed 15 PLMS, plus three 5-s epochs before and after each movement, for every patient...
February 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168435/is-obstructive-sleep-apnea-associated-with-the-presence-of-intracranial-cerebral-atherosclerosis
#18
Tae-Jin Song, Jung-Hyun Park, Kang Hyun Choi, Ju-Hee Kim, Yunseo Choi, Yoonkyung Chang, Hyeon Jin Kim, Jangsup Moon, Yong-Jae Kim, Hyang Woon Lee
PURPOSE: Intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS) is one of critical atherosclerosis which closely related with stroke. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with systemic atherosclerosis, but it is unclear whether OSA is related with the presence of ICAS. We aimed to investigate the association between the presence of ICAS and severity of OSA in patients with suspected OSA. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 283 patients who suspected OSA (presence of one or more OSA-related symptom and high-risk category in Berlin questionnaire) and underwent polysomnography and brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)...
February 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160131/renal-functions-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#19
LETTER
Meral Uyar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160130/renal-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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