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Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429178/sleep-habits-fatigue-and-sleepiness-in-chiclayo-peru-s-bus-drivers
#1
Fátima Deza-Becerra, Jorge Rey de Castro, Carol Gonzales-Gonzales, Franco Ernesto León-Jiménez, Jorge Osada-Liy, Edmundo Rosales-Mayor
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study are to describe sleep habits, fatigue, and sleepiness in Chiclayo's (Peru) bus drivers and explore their relation with traffic accidents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a non-probability consecutive sampling. The sample size was 126 drivers. Sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and sleep hygiene with validated questionnaires. We used a history of traffic accident or a near-traffic accident as an independent variable and applied chi-squared, t, and Mann-Whitney U tests to evaluate initial associations, which were later tested with a multivariate analysis...
April 21, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425083/restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-prevalence-in-beta-thalassemia-patients
#2
Euthimia Dimitriadou, Christoforos D Giannaki, Maria Tsekoura, Ioannis Stefanidis, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Eleftherios Lavdas, Christina Karatzaferi, Giorgos K Sakkas
PURPOSE: Both beta thalassemia and restless legs syndrome (RLS) patients share some common pathophysiological characteristics related to iron handling. In the present study, the aim was to explore the prevalence of RLS as well as to explore potential association between the syndrome and various quality of life-related parameters in a sample of beta thalassemia patients. METHODS: One hundred fourteen (age 40 ± 11 yr, 59 M/55F) beta thalassemia patients participated in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425082/discriminating-between-positional-and-non-positional-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-some-clinical-characteristics
#3
Abderrahim Oulhaj, Sharina Al Dhaheri, Brenda Bin Su, Mohammed Al-Houqani
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this paper was to identify significant factors associated with positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea (POSA) and to provide a clinical tool for discriminating non positional from POSA. Secondary objectives were about estimating the prevalence of POSA, comparing the polysomnographic variables across POSA and non-POSA patients. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study on 278 patients who completed an overnight sleep study for OSA assessment...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421376/using-the-stopbang-questionnaire-and-other-pre-test-probability-tools-to-predict-osa-in-younger-thinner-patients-referred-to-a-sleep-medicine-clinic
#4
Michael J McMahon, Karen L Sheikh, Teotimo F Andrada, Aaron B Holley
BACKGROUND: The STOPBANG questionnaire is used to predict the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We sought to assess the performance of the STOPBANG questionnaire in younger, thinner patients referred to a sleep medicine clinic. METHODS: We applied the STOPBANG questionnaire to patients referred for level I polysomnography (PSG) at our sleep center. We calculated likelihood ratios and area under the receiver operator characteristic (AUROC) curve and performed sensitivity analyses...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421375/obstructive-sleep-apnea-increases-the-risk-of-cardiac-events-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#5
REVIEW
Hua Qu, Ming Guo, Ying Zhang, Da-Zhuo Shi
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and coronary artery disease; however, the association between OSA and cardiac outcomes in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains undetermined. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched from inception to July 2016 for cohort studies that followed up with patients after PCI, and evaluated their overnight sleep patterns within 1 month for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) as primary outcomes including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and coronary revascularization and secondary outcomes including re-admission for heart failure and stroke...
April 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405883/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-public-health-the-italian-way
#6
LETTER
Antonio Sanna, Desiderio Passali, Michele De Benedetto, Giancarlo Marano, Michele Loglisci, Sergio Garbarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396972/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#7
Weerapat Kositanurit, Dittapol Muntham, Suthep Udomsawaengsup, Naricha Chirakalwasan
PURPOSE: Our goal in this study is to determine the prevalence and associated factors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital from 2007 to 2015. Data of morbidly obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery were included using ICD-10 code for principle diagnosis "morbid obesity" (E668) and ICD-9 code for "bariatric surgery" (4389, 4438, 4439)...
April 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396971/what-sleep-behaviors-are-associated-with-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xuechao Li, Qiong Ma, Xiaohong Niu, Jie Qiu
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to assess the sleep behaviors that serve as risk factors related to bruxism in children ages 0 to 12 years by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Seven databases were searched to identify all peer-reviewed articles potentially relevant to the review. Data were pooled for random-effects modeling. Sleep risk factors related to bruxism in this age group are summarized using pooled odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values...
April 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389911/the-effects-of-integrated-nursing-education-on-quality-of-life-and-health-related-outcomes-among-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-receiving-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#9
Shui-Tao Hu, Chung-Chieh Yu, Chieh-Yu Liu, Lee-Ing Tsao
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine the effects of a nursing education program on quality of life and sleep disturbance among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial with an intervention group consisting of a nursing education program. The intervention group received the instruction of the CPAP nursing education program, and the control group received routine care...
April 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389910/sleep-duration-and-quality-in-heart-failure-patients
#10
Anke Türoff, Ulrich Thiem, Henrik Fox, Jens Spießhöfer, Thomas Bitter, Renaud Tamisier, Naresh M Punjabi, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HF-REF). SDB is classified as predominant obstructive (OSA) or central (CSA) and may alter sleep duration, sleep quality, and quality of life. This study describes sleep quality and duration in well-characterized cohorts of these patients. METHODS: Two hundred fifty consecutive patients with HF-REF (NYHA class ≥II, ejection fraction ≤45%) underwent cardiac and pulmonary examination, plus full attended in-hospital overnight polysomnography (PSG)...
April 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386781/diagnosing-and-managing-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-chronic-cerebrovascular-disease-a-randomized-trial-of-a-home-based-strategy
#11
Dawn M Bravata, Vincent McClain, Charles Austin, Jared Ferguson, Nicholas Burrus, Edward J Miech, Marianne S Matthias, Neale Chumbler, Susan Ofner, Brian Foresman, Jason Sico, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Linda S Williams, Rajiv Agarwal, John Concato, H Klar Yaggi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea is common and associated with poor outcomes after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We sought to determine whether the intervention strategy improved sleep apnea detection, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment, and hypertension control among patients with chronic cerebrovascular disease and hypertension. METHODS: In this randomized controlled strategy trial intervention, patients received unattended polysomnography at baseline, and patients with OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥5 events/h) received auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for up to 1 year...
April 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365841/assessing-the-likelihood-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-comparison-of-nine-screening-questionnaires
#12
Kuruswamy Thurai Prasad, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ritesh Agarwal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera, Sahajal Dhooria
PURPOSE: Several questionnaires are available for the screening of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Herein, we compare the performance characteristics of nine available questionnaires for assessing the likelihood of OSA. METHODS: Consecutive subjects who underwent polysomnography at the sleep laboratory of the unit were included. Subjects with obstructive events and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5 were considered to have OSA. The likelihood ratios (LRs) and other performance characteristics were calculated for the following nine questionnaires: Berlin, modified Berlin, STOP, STOP-Bang and OSA50 questionnaires, sleep apnea clinical score (SACS), Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) checklist, and the elbow sign questionnaire...
April 1, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364198/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-with-target-controlled-infusion-using-propofol-and-monitored-depth-of-sedation-to-determine-treatment-strategies-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Clemens Heiser, Phillippe Fthenakis, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Sebastian Berger, Benedikt Hofauer, Winfried Hohenhorst, Eberhard F Kochs, Klaus J Wagner, Guenther M Edenharter
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has become an important diagnostic examination tool in the treatment decision process for surgical therapies in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Currently, there is a variety of regimes for the performance of DISE, which renders comparison and assessment across results difficult. It remains unclear how the different regimes influence the findings of the examination and the resulting conclusions and treatment recommendations...
March 31, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352990/choosing-the-right-interface-for-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
REVIEW
Ahmed S BaHammam, Tripat Singh, Smitha George, Karen Lorraine Acosta, Kashmira Barataman, Divinagracia E Gacuan
PURPOSE: Positive airway pressure (PAP) is the standard and most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It provides a continuous stream of air under positive pressure through the nose, mouth, or both, which prevents collapse of the upper airway. This allows the patient to breathe freely during sleep. The success of PAP therapy depends largely on the selection of the proper interface (mask). The choice and application of the interface in patients with OSA is a great challenge that greatly affects the long-term compliance to PAP therapy...
March 29, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341925/relationship-between-serum-adiponectin-and-bone-mineral-density-in-male-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#15
Dong-Dong Chen, Jie-Feng Huang, Qi-Chang Lin, Gong-Ping Chen, Jian-Ming Zhao
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is reported to have an association with bone mineral density (BMD). However, the underlying mechanism is far from clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between OSAS, bone turnover markers, and BMD and to evaluate the effect of adiponectin on BMD in patients with OSAS. METHODS: Seventy-one male patients with OSAS and 13 male control subjects were enrolled in this study. Serum adiponectin, calcium, phosphorus, 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3, β-isomerized form C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, osteocalcin, and procollagen type 1 N-propeptide were measured in all subjects, and BMD was evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in the lumbar spine (L1-L4), the femoral neck, and the hip total...
March 25, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341924/effect-of-rhythm-control-on-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-or-flutter-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
LETTER
Wei-Dai Zhang, Jia-Wei Zhang, Xiao Chen, Yan-Ping Wang, Song-Ming Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315149/can-myofunctional-therapy-increase-tongue-tone-and-reduce-symptoms-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#17
Maria Pia Villa, Melania Evangelisti, Susy Martella, Mario Barreto, Marco Del Pozzo
PURPOSE: Data in the literature suggest that myofunctional therapy (MT) may be able to play a role in the treatment of children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Our study investigated the effectiveness of MT in reducing respiratory symptoms in children with SDB by modifying tongue tone. METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings were performed at baseline to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in 54 children (mean age 7.1 ± 2.5 years, 29 male) with SDB...
March 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281031/pulse-transit-time-as-a-tool-to-characterize-obstructive-and-central-apneas-in-children
#18
Lucie Griffon, Alessandro Amaddeo, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Rossana Tenconi, Serena Caggiano, Sonia Khirani, Brigitte Fauroux
PURPOSE: The characterization of apneas during polysomnography (PSG) as obstructive or central is a key element of a sleep study. Pulse transit time (PTT) has demonstrated its potential as a noninvasive surrogate marker for inspiratory efforts. The aim of the study was to assess the ability of PTT to classify apneas as central or obstructive, as compared to respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) in children. METHODS: Overnight PSG with simultaneous PTT recording was performed on 11 consecutive children (mean age 8...
March 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271327/hypoxia-and-inflammation-indicate-significant-differences-in-the-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-within-similar-apnea-hypopnea-index-groups
#19
Aynur Yilmaz Avci, Suat Avci, Huseyin Lakadamyali, Ufuk Can
PURPOSE: We determined whether hypoxia parameters are associated with C-reactive protein (CRP), mean platelet volume (MPV), white matter hyperintensity (WMH), and the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and also evaluated whether hypoxia parameters, CRP, MPV, and WMH differ in patients with similar apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) scores. METHODS: A total of 297 patients, who were evaluated using polysomnography, were assessed retrospectively. The measured hypoxia parameters included total sleep time with oxygen saturation <90% (ST90), percentage of cumulative time with oxygen saturation <90% (CT90), and lowest oxygen saturation (min SaO2)...
March 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258532/counterclockwise-maxillomandibular-advancement-a-choice-for-chinese-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Silong Wei, Yong Zhang, Xiaojing Guo, Wenwen Yu, Meng Wang, Kan Yao, Hongxia Sun, Hua Zhang, Xiaofeng Lu
PURPOSE: Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an effective alternative for treating severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the promotion of MMA in China is limited by many Chinese patients having a convex facial profile. To achieve maximal upper airway enlargement without an esthetic disaster, we added counterclockwise rotation of the maxillomandibular complex (MMC) in the routine MMA. In this paper, we have evaluated the objective and subjective outcomes of this technology...
March 3, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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