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Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536972/sudden-unexpected-death-in-parkinson-s-disease-sudpar-sleep-apnea-increases-risk-of-heart-attack
#1
LETTER
Fulvio A Scorza, Sergio Tufik, Carla A Scorza, Monica Levy Andersen, Esper A Cavalheiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534280/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-insomnia-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-japanese-workers
#2
Sachiko Sasaki, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuaki Saijo, Akira Bannai, Toshiko Kita, Akiko Tamakoshi, Reiko Kishi
PURPOSE: The role of insomnia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is controversial. To date, there have been no prospective studies investigating insomnia, CKD and the effect of shift work. We assessed insomnia and CKD risk in a prospective, occupational cohort study. METHODS: A total of 3600 participants with normal kidney function were followed for an average of 4.4 years. Insomnia was assessed using the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL/min/1...
May 22, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500380/association-of-t-lymphocyte-immune-imbalance-and-il-10-gene-polymorphism-with-the-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-obesity
#3
Miao-Shang Su, Li Xu, Kang Xu, Ji-Shan Zheng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the role of T lymphocyte immune imbalance and interleukin (IL)-10 gene polymorphism in the development of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in obese children. METHODS: One hundred obese children at high-risk and low-risk for OSA based upon a sleep questionnaire were selected. Peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometry, and plasma IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-10 cytokines were detected by ELISA. The relationships between OSA and the above variables were analyzed...
May 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493047/effects-of-cpap-in-patients-with-obstructive-apnoea-is-the-presence-of-allergic-rhinitis-relevant
#4
A Cisternas, F Aguilar, J M Montserrat, M Àvila, M Torres, A Iranzo, J Berenguer, I Vilaseca
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to compare the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nasal cavities of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and with or without allergic rhinitis (AR/nonAR). METHODS: This paper is a prospective, longitudinal study. Thirty-four consecutive CPAP treatment-adherent patients with OSA (17 AR and 17 nonAR) were evaluated before and 2 months after treatment, by means of clinical (otorhinolaryngological symptoms, daytime sleepiness, overall and rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life), anatomical (otorhinolaryngological examination), functional (auditory function, tubal function, nasal airflow, and mucociliary clearance), and biological variables (nasal cytology)...
May 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484896/psoriasis-is-associated-with-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-independently-from-metabolic-parameters-and-other-comorbidities-a-large-hospital-based-case-control-study
#5
Evangelia Papadavid, Maria Dalamaga, Katerina Vlami, Dimitra Koumaki, Sotirios Gyftopoulos, Gerasimos Socrates Christodoulatos, Spyridon Papiris, Dimitrios Rigopoulos
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) represents a breathing disorder during sleep with significant health consequences. Few studies have examined the prevalence of OSA in psoriatic patients and whether OSA may be associated with psoriasis risk. We aimed to explore: (1) the inverse relationship, that is whether psoriasis might represent an independent predictor of OSA and its severity considering important predisposing factors and (2) the psoriatic phenotype related to severe OSA. METHODS: In a large hospital-based case-control study, we examined a total of 253 patients with OSA and a control group of 104 subjects without OSA, who underwent full nocturnal polysomnography and dermatologic examination...
May 8, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456884/the-psycho-sensory-wake-drive-a-power-source-for-power-naps-and-other-common-sleep-wake-phenomena-a-hypothesis
#6
REVIEW
Peter T George
Power naps are extensively practiced worldwide and there exists ample documentation of their efficacy in reversing daytime sleepiness. The source of their efficacy, however, as well as the cause and manifestation of many other common sleep-wake phenomena, cannot be entirely explained by the most commonly accepted model of sleep-wake regulation, the two-process model of Borbély, which considers the drives of the circadian and homeostatic sleep processes only. When considering the causes and manifestations of these unexplained phenomena, there appears to be evidence of a wake-promoting drive that is independent of the circadian oscillator indicated in the two-process model of sleep-wake regulation...
April 29, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455734/formula-for-predicting-osa-and-the-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-koreans-with-suspected-osa-using-clinical-anthropometric-and-cephalometric-variables
#7
Seon Tae Kim, Kee Hyung Park, Seung-Heon Shin, Ji-Eun Kim, Chi-Un Pae, Kwang-Pil Ko, Hee Young Hwang, Seung-Gul Kang
PURPOSE: This study developed formulas to predict obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) in Korean patients with suspected OSA using clinical, anthropometric, and cephalometric variables. METHODS: We evaluated relevant variables in 285 subjects with suspected OSA. These included demographic characteristics, sleep-related symptoms, medical history, clinical scales, anthropometric measurements including facial surface measurements, and cephalometric measurements...
April 29, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429178/sleep-habits-fatigue-and-sleepiness-in-chiclayo-peru-s-bus-drivers
#8
Fátima Deza-Becerra, Jorge Rey de Castro, Carol Gonzales-Gonzales, Franco Ernesto León-Jiménez, Jorge Osada-Liy, Edmundo Rosales-Mayor
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study are to describe sleep habits, fatigue, and sleepiness in Chiclayo's (Peru) bus drivers and explore their relation with traffic accidents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a non-probability consecutive sampling. The sample size was 126 drivers. Sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and sleep hygiene with validated questionnaires. We used a history of traffic accident or a near-traffic accident as an independent variable and applied chi-squared, t, and Mann-Whitney U tests to evaluate initial associations, which were later tested with a multivariate analysis...
April 21, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425083/restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-prevalence-in-beta-thalassemia-patients
#9
Euthimia Dimitriadou, Christoforos D Giannaki, Maria Tsekoura, Ioannis Stefanidis, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Eleftherios Lavdas, Christina Karatzaferi, Giorgos K Sakkas
PURPOSE: Both beta thalassemia and restless legs syndrome (RLS) patients share some common pathophysiological characteristics related to iron handling. In the present study, the aim was to explore the prevalence of RLS as well as to explore potential association between the syndrome and various quality of life-related parameters in a sample of beta thalassemia patients. METHODS: One hundred fourteen (age 40 ± 11 yr, 59 M/55F) beta thalassemia patients participated in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425082/discriminating-between-positional-and-non-positional-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-some-clinical-characteristics
#10
Abderrahim Oulhaj, Sharina Al Dhaheri, Brenda Bin Su, Mohammed Al-Houqani
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this paper was to identify significant factors associated with positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea (POSA) and to provide a clinical tool for discriminating non positional from POSA. Secondary objectives were about estimating the prevalence of POSA, comparing the polysomnographic variables across POSA and non-POSA patients. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study on 278 patients who completed an overnight sleep study for OSA assessment...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421376/using-the-stopbang-questionnaire-and-other-pre-test-probability-tools-to-predict-osa-in-younger-thinner-patients-referred-to-a-sleep-medicine-clinic
#11
Michael J McMahon, Karen L Sheikh, Teotimo F Andrada, Aaron B Holley
BACKGROUND: The STOPBANG questionnaire is used to predict the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We sought to assess the performance of the STOPBANG questionnaire in younger, thinner patients referred to a sleep medicine clinic. METHODS: We applied the STOPBANG questionnaire to patients referred for level I polysomnography (PSG) at our sleep center. We calculated likelihood ratios and area under the receiver operator characteristic (AUROC) curve and performed sensitivity analyses...
April 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421375/obstructive-sleep-apnea-increases-the-risk-of-cardiac-events-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#12
REVIEW
Hua Qu, Ming Guo, Ying Zhang, Da-Zhuo Shi
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and coronary artery disease; however, the association between OSA and cardiac outcomes in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains undetermined. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched from inception to July 2016 for cohort studies that followed up with patients after PCI, and evaluated their overnight sleep patterns within 1 month for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) as primary outcomes including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and coronary revascularization and secondary outcomes including re-admission for heart failure and stroke...
April 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405883/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-public-health-the-italian-way
#13
LETTER
Antonio Sanna, Desiderio Passali, Michele De Benedetto, Giancarlo Marano, Michele Loglisci, Sergio Garbarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396972/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#14
Weerapat Kositanurit, Dittapol Muntham, Suthep Udomsawaengsup, Naricha Chirakalwasan
PURPOSE: Our goal in this study is to determine the prevalence and associated factors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital from 2007 to 2015. Data of morbidly obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery were included using ICD-10 code for principle diagnosis "morbid obesity" (E668) and ICD-9 code for "bariatric surgery" (4389, 4438, 4439)...
April 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396971/what-sleep-behaviors-are-associated-with-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xuechao Li, Qiong Ma, Xiaohong Niu, Jie Qiu
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to assess the sleep behaviors that serve as risk factors related to bruxism in children ages 0 to 12 years by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Seven databases were searched to identify all peer-reviewed articles potentially relevant to the review. Data were pooled for random-effects modeling. Sleep risk factors related to bruxism in this age group are summarized using pooled odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values...
April 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389911/the-effects-of-integrated-nursing-education-on-quality-of-life-and-health-related-outcomes-among-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-receiving-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#16
Shui-Tao Hu, Chung-Chieh Yu, Chieh-Yu Liu, Lee-Ing Tsao
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine the effects of a nursing education program on quality of life and sleep disturbance among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial with an intervention group consisting of a nursing education program. The intervention group received the instruction of the CPAP nursing education program, and the control group received routine care...
April 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389910/sleep-duration-and-quality-in-heart-failure-patients
#17
Anke Türoff, Ulrich Thiem, Henrik Fox, Jens Spießhöfer, Thomas Bitter, Renaud Tamisier, Naresh M Punjabi, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HF-REF). SDB is classified as predominant obstructive (OSA) or central (CSA) and may alter sleep duration, sleep quality, and quality of life. This study describes sleep quality and duration in well-characterized cohorts of these patients. METHODS: Two hundred fifty consecutive patients with HF-REF (NYHA class ≥II, ejection fraction ≤45%) underwent cardiac and pulmonary examination, plus full attended in-hospital overnight polysomnography (PSG)...
April 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386781/diagnosing-and-managing-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-chronic-cerebrovascular-disease-a-randomized-trial-of-a-home-based-strategy
#18
Dawn M Bravata, Vincent McClain, Charles Austin, Jared Ferguson, Nicholas Burrus, Edward J Miech, Marianne S Matthias, Neale Chumbler, Susan Ofner, Brian Foresman, Jason Sico, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Linda S Williams, Rajiv Agarwal, John Concato, H Klar Yaggi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea is common and associated with poor outcomes after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We sought to determine whether the intervention strategy improved sleep apnea detection, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment, and hypertension control among patients with chronic cerebrovascular disease and hypertension. METHODS: In this randomized controlled strategy trial intervention, patients received unattended polysomnography at baseline, and patients with OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥5 events/h) received auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for up to 1 year...
April 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365841/assessing-the-likelihood-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-comparison-of-nine-screening-questionnaires
#19
Kuruswamy Thurai Prasad, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ritesh Agarwal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera, Sahajal Dhooria
PURPOSE: Several questionnaires are available for the screening of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Herein, we compare the performance characteristics of nine available questionnaires for assessing the likelihood of OSA. METHODS: Consecutive subjects who underwent polysomnography at the sleep laboratory of the unit were included. Subjects with obstructive events and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5 were considered to have OSA. The likelihood ratios (LRs) and other performance characteristics were calculated for the following nine questionnaires: Berlin, modified Berlin, STOP, STOP-Bang and OSA50 questionnaires, sleep apnea clinical score (SACS), Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) checklist, and the elbow sign questionnaire...
April 1, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364198/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-with-target-controlled-infusion-using-propofol-and-monitored-depth-of-sedation-to-determine-treatment-strategies-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Clemens Heiser, Phillippe Fthenakis, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Sebastian Berger, Benedikt Hofauer, Winfried Hohenhorst, Eberhard F Kochs, Klaus J Wagner, Guenther M Edenharter
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has become an important diagnostic examination tool in the treatment decision process for surgical therapies in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Currently, there is a variety of regimes for the performance of DISE, which renders comparison and assessment across results difficult. It remains unclear how the different regimes influence the findings of the examination and the resulting conclusions and treatment recommendations...
March 31, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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