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Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707162/pulmonary-surfactant-associated-proteins-and-inflammatory-factors-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Dongmei Lu, Ayiniger Abulimiti, Ting Wu, Ailigen Abudureyim, Nanfang Li
PURPOSE: Pulmonary surfactant (PS) plays roles in promoting the removal of the liquid, host defense, and immune regulation in the tracheal, bronchial, and alveoli epithelium. PS protein expression level can be regulated by oxygen levels and related free radicals. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is featured with oxygen free radical production for damaging epithelial tissues and thus may affect PS production. The study was to explore the relationship between PS protein and OSA severity. METHODS: We collected serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples from 35 OSA patients and 22 healthy subjects...
July 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707161/a-weight-independent-association-between-atypical-antipsychotic-medications-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Habibolah Khazaie, Amir Sharafkhaneh, Sepideh Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of atypical antipsychotic (AAP) agents, the concern has been raised about the association between AAP agents and medical complications. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder that adversely affects health and quality of life. Because the major risk factors for OSA are weight gain and obesity by altering the upper airway anatomy, an association between AAP and development of OSA is predictable. However, we hypothesized that AAP may promote OSA not only by weight gain but also because of its potential effects on upper airway muscle function...
July 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702830/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease
#3
REVIEW
Mohamad Ammar Albdewi, Giuseppe Liistro, Riëm El Tahry
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is relatively common in general population as well as in patients with neuromuscular disease. SDB comprises a wide spectrum of disorders varying from simple snoring to complete closure of the upper airway as seen in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). It includes also other disorders like prolonged hypoxemia, hypoventilation, and central sleep apnoea (CSA). Neuromuscular diseases (NMD) form a group of disorders that can cause significant reduction in the quality and span of life...
July 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702829/severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treatment-with-oral-appliance-the-impact-on-obstructive-central-and-mixed-events
#4
Maria de Lourdes Rabelo Guimarães, Ana Paula Hermont, Pedro Guimarães de Azevedo, Poliana Lima Bastos, Millena Teles Portela de Oliveira, Iracema Matos de Melo, Guilherme Salles Ottoboni, Gabriela Vedolin, Jorge Machado Caram
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two types of oral appliance (OA) in the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and their impact on the reduction of obstructive, central and mixed apneas. METHODS: Forty-eight patients suffering from severe OSAS with a history of non-adherence to positive airway pressure therapy were treated with OA (lingual orthosis and combined orthosis). Polysomnography exams were performed before and after treatment...
July 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695399/the-long-term-effects-of-mandibular-advancement-splint-on-cardiovascular-fitness-and-psychomotor-performance-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-study
#5
Ashutosh Gupta, Arvind Tripathi, Piyush Sharma
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) manifests as a reduction or complete cessation of airflow despite an ongoing inspiratory effort, leading to hypoxemia and hypercapnia. The inability to maintain normal breathing reduces the oxygen saturation in blood leading to a cycle of various systemic implications. Hence, a prospective single arm study was planned to evaluate the long-term (2 years) effect of oral appliance on cardiovascular fitness and psychomotor performance in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea...
July 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687968/associations-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-and-endoscopically-proven-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
Youlim Kim, Yeon Joo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Young-Jae Cho, Ho Il Yoon, Jae Ho Lee, Choon-Taek Lee, Se Joong Kim
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is believed to be an important risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, the association between OSA and GERD is not straightforward and has been incompletely characterized. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OSA and GERD by performing both polysomnography (PSG) and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). METHODS: The enrolled patients underwent both PSG and EGD from October 2003 to July 2015 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital...
July 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681146/severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-cochlear-function-impairment
#7
Erika Matsumura, Carla G Matas, Seisse G G Sanches, Fernanda C L Magliaro, Raquel M Pedreño, Pedro R Genta, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Renata M M Carvallo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with middle ear acoustic transference and cochlear function. METHODS: Male individuals with and without mild, moderate, and severe OSA according to standard criteria of full polysomnography and no co-morbidities were studied. Subjects with BMI ≥40 kg/m(2), present or past treatment for OSA, with heart failure, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, use of chronic medications, and previous history of risk for hearing loss were excluded...
July 5, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669116/validation-of-apnealink%C3%A2-plus-for-the-diagnosis-of-sleep-apnea
#8
Jae Hoon Cho, Hyun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the validation of ApneaLink™ Plus (ALP) based on a large number of subjects in a prospective design. METHOD: We recommended enrolling of 200 consecutive patients who had been referred because of habitual snoring or witnessed apnea during sleep. If consent was obtained, patients underwent standard polysomnography (PSG) and ALP evaluation simultaneously at the hospital (ALPlab), and repeated ALP at home (ALPhome) within 1 month...
July 1, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667353/the-use-of-handheld-nasal-spirometry-to-predict-the-presence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Judd H Fastenberg, Christina H Fang, Viraj M Patel, Juan Lin, Howard D Stupak
OBJECTIVE: Nasal obstruction and oral breathing may play an important role in the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study aims to better understand the link between oral breathing, nasal obstruction, and the spectrum of sleep-disordered breathing. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Prospective study of patients who presented to the Otolaryngology clinic and underwent polysomnogram (PSG) from 2015 to 2016...
June 30, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647854/the-influence-of-head-of-bed-elevation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Fábio José Fabrício de Barros Souza, Pedro Rodrigues Genta, Albino José de Souza Filho, Andrew Wellman, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a mild degree of head-of-bed elevation (HOBE) (7.5°) on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and sleep quality. METHODS: OSA patients were recruited from a single sleep clinic (Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Following a baseline polysomnography (PSG), all patients underwent a PSG with HOBE (within 2 weeks). In addition, a subset of patients performed a third PSG without HOBE. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included in the study (age 53...
June 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631255/-make-osa-great-again-report-from-the-113th-american-thoracic-society-international-conference-2017-in-washington-dc
#11
Stephan Pramsohler, Arn H Eliasson, Nikolaus Netzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623528/time-for-a-standardized-clinical-assessment-for-narcolepsy-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
LETTER
Vincent Mysliwiec, Matthew S Brock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612268/discordant-sleep-parameters-among-actigraphy-polysomnography-and-perceived-sleep-in-patients-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-comparison-with-patients-with-chronic-insomnia-disorder
#13
Su Jung Choi, Miri Kang, Min Je Sung, Eun Yeon Joo
PURPOSE: Although the clinical usefulness of actigraphy (ACT) in chronic insomnia disorder (CID) is extensively investigated, the evaluation on the utility of ACT in sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is limited and the report of comparison with perceived sleep by patients and polysomnography (PSG) is scarce. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with SDB and 30 with CID underwent PSG and ACT, and they reported perceived sleep time and latency simultaneously. Sleep parameters (total sleep time [TST], sleep onset latency [SOL], sleep efficiency, and wakefulness after sleep onset [WASO]) were compared...
June 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612267/auto-trilevel-versus-bilevel-positive-airway-pressure-ventilation-for-hypercapnic-overlap-syndrome-patients
#14
Mei Su, De Huai, Juan Cao, Ding Ning, Rong Xue, Meijie Xu, Mao Huang, Xilong Zhang
PURPOSE: Although bilevel positive airway pressure (Bilevel PAP) therapy is usually used for overlap syndrome (OS), there is still a portion of OS patients in whom Bilevel PAP therapy could not simultaneously eliminate residual apnea events and hypercapnia. The current study was expected to explore whether auto-trilevel positive airway pressure (auto-trilevel PAP) therapy with auto-adjusting end expiratory positive airway pressure (EEPAP) can serve as a better alternative for these patients...
June 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612266/daytime-napping-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#15
Guo-Chong Chen, Meng-Meng Liu, Li-Hua Chen, Jia-Ying Xu, Khemayanto Hidayat, Fu-Rong Li, Li-Qiang Qin
PURPOSE: Prospective studies reported inconsistent findings on the relationship between daytime napping and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Categorized and dose-response meta-analyses were performed to quantify this relation. METHODS: Potentially eligible studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase databases. Dose-response effects were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation and study-specific summary relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed with a random-effects model...
June 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608295/influence-of-head-position-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity
#16
Kaiyin Zhu, T Douglas Bradley, Maryam Patel, Hisham Alshaer
OBJECTIVE: Supine body orientation plays an important role in precipitating upper airway collapse in a significant proportion of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients known to have supine-predominant OSA (OSAsup). Traditionally, trunk position is used to assess OSAsup, but the role of the head position has not been established. We hypothesized that head position influences OSA independently of trunk position. METHODS: Head and trunk positions were determined from subjects undergoing overnight polysomnography...
June 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602006/sex-specific-association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-self-reported-snoring-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Haoyu Wang, Zhao Li, Yintao Chen, Ning Ye, Pengbo Wang, Yingxian Sun
PURPOSE: Until now, information has been rare on the association of serum uric acid (SUA) with self-reported snoring. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the sex-specific relationship between SUA and self-reported snoring in a general Chinese population. METHODS: A large cross-sectional study of 10,912 participants aged ≥35 years old were recruited from rural areas of Liaoning Province in China during 2012 to 2013. SUA were divided into quartiles separated for males and females...
June 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597190/the-prevalence-of-rem-related-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-is-reduced-by-the-aasm-2012-hypopnoea-criteria
#18
Brett Duce, Antti Kulkas, Christian Langton, Juha Töyräs, Craig Hukins
PURPOSE: The variations in reported prevalence of rapid eye movement-related obstructive sleep apnoea (REM-OSA) have been attributed to different definitions, although the effect of hypopnoea criteria has not been previously investigated. METHODS: Within this retrospective study, 134 of 382 consecutive patients undertaking polysomnography (PSG) for the suspicion of OSA met the inclusion criteria. PSGs were scored using both the 2007 AASM recommended hypopnoea criteria (AASM2007Rec) and the 2012 AASM recommended hypopnoea criteria (AASM2012Rec)...
June 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589251/a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-sleep-duration-and-the-occurrence-of-cognitive-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Lei Wu, Dali Sun, Yan Tan
PURPOSE: Previous researches have shown inconsistent findings on the relationship between sleep duration and cognitive disorders (including cognitive decline, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and cognitive impairment). Furthermore, the possible dose-response association of sleep duration and cognitive disorders is still not clear. METHODS: Two databases (PubMed and Embase) were searched for relevant studies from inception to May 4, 2016. We used the generic inverse-variance method to combine the outcomes with a random-effects model for the association between sleep duration (the shortest or longest vs...
June 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584940/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-dise-classification-systems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Esuabom Dijemeni, Gabriele D'Amone, Israel Gbati
PURPOSE: Drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) classification systems have been used to assess anatomical findings on upper airway obstruction, and decide and plan surgical treatments and act as a predictor for surgical treatment outcome for obstructive sleep apnoea management. The first objective is to identify if there is a universally accepted DISE grading and classification system for analysing DISE findings. The second objective is to identify if there is one DISE grading and classification treatment planning framework for deciding appropriate surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)...
June 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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