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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039933/aphasia-and-literacy-the-insider-s-perspective
#1
Emma Kjellén, Katja Laakso, Ingrid Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated how people with aphasia (PWA) experience literacy skills. Taking the insider's perspective is a way to increase understanding of the individual experiences of literacy among PWA, which may have clinical implications. AIMS: To describe how literacy, i.e., reading and writing, is experienced in everyday life by PWA and to gain insight into the part played by literacy skills in their lives. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A qualitative descriptive research approach was taken...
December 31, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035712/identification-of-fluency-and-word-finding-difficulty-in-samples-of-children-with-diverse-language-backgrounds
#2
Peter Howell, Kevin Tang, Outi Tuomainen, Sin Kan Chan, Kirsten Beltran, Avin Mirawdeli, John Harris
BACKGROUND: Stuttering and word-finding difficulty (WFD) are two types of communication difficulty that occur frequently in children who learn English as an additional language (EAL), as well as those who only speak English. The two disorders require different, specific forms of intervention. Prior research has described the symptoms of each type of difficulty. This paper describes the development of a non-word repetition test (UNWR), applicable across languages, that was validated by comparing groups of children identified by their speech and language symptoms as having either stuttering or WFD...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035711/written-cohesion-in-children-with-and-without-language-learning-disabilities
#3
Anthony D Koutsoftas, Victoria Petersen
BACKGROUND: Cohesion refers to the linguistic elements of discourse that contribute to its continuity and is an important element to consider as part of written language intervention, especially in children with language learning disabilities (LLD). There is substantial evidence that children with LLD perform more poorly than typically developing (TD) peers on measures of cohesion in spoken language and on written transcription measures; however, there is far less research comparing groups on cohesion as a measure of written language across genres...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035710/%C3%A2
#4
EDITORIAL
Cristina McKean, Steven Bloch, Katerina Hilari, Nikki Botting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032414/the-german-intelligibility-in-context-scale-ics-g-reliability-and-validity-evidence
#5
Sandra Neumann, Christian Rietz, Prisca Stenneken
BACKGROUND: In 2012 the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) was published as a parent-report screening assessment that considers parents' perceptions of their children's functional intelligibility with a range of communication partners that differ in levels of authority and familiarity in real-life situations. To date, the ICS has been translated into 60 languages (including German). AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the ICS ( = ICS-G), especially its reliability and validity, using four objective measures of speech sound disorder (SSD) severity: percentage of consonants correct (PCC); percentage of initial consonants correct (PICC); percentage of vowels correct (PVC); and percentage of phonemes correct (PPC)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032409/change-in-receptive-vocabulary-from-childhood-to-adulthood-associated-mental-health-education-and-employment-outcomes
#6
Rebecca Armstrong, Wendy Arnott, David A Copland, Katie McMahon, Asaduzzaman Khan, Jake M Najman, James G Scott
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that early language delays are associated with poorer long-term outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have explored the influence of change in language ability over time on adult outcomes. AIM: To examine the educational, vocational and mental health outcomes for adults accounting for different vocabulary developmental profiles over a 16-year period. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 1914 participants of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) were categorized into four groups based on their vocabulary skills at 5 and 21 years: (1) persistently good (n = 1679), (2) persistently poor (n = 33), (3) improved (n = 160), and (4) deteriorated (n = 42)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032402/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-speech-and-language-therapists-public-health-practice-for-early-language-development
#7
REVIEW
Clare Smith, Emma Williams, Karen Bryan
BACKGROUND: There have been calls for speech and language therapists (SLTs) to work within a public-health framework to support language development. Innovative practice is reported, but the range of services remains unknown. Furthermore, the potential impact of public health practice in speech and language therapy on early child development is also currently unknown. A new method in SLT research, systematic scoping reviews enable greater breadth of focus than traditional systematic reviews when identifying innovative practice...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000389/sentence-comprehension-in-slovak-speaking-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Jana Marková, Ľubica Horváthová, Mária Králová, Zsolt Cséfalvay
BACKGROUND: According to some studies, sentence comprehension is diminished in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, but they differ on what underlies the sentence comprehension impairment. Sentence comprehension in AD patients has been studied mainly in the English language. It is less clear how patients with AD speaking a morphologically rich language with grammatical morphemes indicating case and through it even thematic roles process reversible sentences. AIMS: To compare the comprehension of various syntactic constructions in Slovak-speaking AD patients and cognitively intact elderly people...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995697/language-development-delay-and-intervention-the-views-of-parents-from-communities-that-speech-and-language-therapy-managers-in-england-consider-to-be-under-served
#9
Julie Marshall, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice includes research evidence, clinical expertise and stakeholder perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives are important and include parental ethno-theories, which embrace views about many aspects of speech, language and communication, language development, and interventions. The Developmental Niche Framework provides a useful theory to understand parental beliefs. Ethnotheories, including those about language development, delay and interventions, may vary cross culturally and are less well understood in relation to families who may be considered 'under-served' or 'hard-to-reach' by speech and language therapy services...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943521/parent-implemented-home-therapy-programmes-for-speech-and-language-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Rachel Tosh, Wendy Arnott, Nerina Scarinci
BACKGROUND: Parent-delivered home programmes are frequently used to remediate speech and language difficulties in young children. However, the evidence base for this service delivery model is limited. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of parent-implemented home programmes in facilitating the development of children's speech and language skills, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and feasibility of this service delivery method...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891744/inducing-speech-errors-in-dysarthria-using-tongue-twisters
#11
Heather Kember, Kathryn Connaghan, Rupal Patel
Although tongue twisters have been widely use to study speech production in healthy speakers, few studies have employed this methodology for individuals with speech impairment. The present study compared tongue twister errors produced by adults with dysarthria and age-matched healthy controls. Eight speakers (four female, four male; mean age = 54.5 years) with spastic (mixed-spastic) dysarthria of varying aetiology (cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, multiple system atrophy) and eight controls (four female, four male; mean age = 56...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891743/ingressive-speech-errors-a-service-evaluation-of-speech-sound-therapy-in-a-child-aged-4-6
#12
Laura Hrastelj, Rachael-Anne Knight
BACKGROUND: A pattern of ingressive substitutions for word-final sibilants can be identified in a small number of cases in child speech disorder, with growing evidence suggesting it is a phonological difficulty, despite the unusual surface form. Phonological difficulty implies a problem with the cognitive process of organizing speech into sound contrasts. AIMS: To evaluate phonological therapy approaches in the remediation of non-pulmonic speech errors. Thus, adding to evidence concerning the nature of ingressive substitutions and their remediation whilst highlighting their occurrence within child speech disorder population for practising and training speech and language therapists...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#13
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891725/cognitive-task-demands-and-discourse-performance-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Lindsey Byom, Lyn S Turkstra
BACKGROUND: Social communication problems are common in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI), particularly problems in spoken discourse. Social communication problems are thought to reflect underlying cognitive impairments. AIMS: To measure the contribution of two cognitive processes, executive functioning (EF) and theory of mind (ToM), to the communication of adults with TBI, and to investigate the relationships between discourse performance and potential communication partners' perceptions...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882642/identifying-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-conversation-therapy-for-aphasia-using-behaviour-change-theory-and-qualitative-methods
#15
Fiona M Johnson, Wendy Best, Firle Christina Beckley, Jane Maxim, Suzanne Beeke
BACKGROUND: Conversation therapy for aphasia is a complex intervention comprising multiple components and targeting multiple outcomes. UK Medical Research Council (MRC) guidelines published in 2008 recommend that in addition to measuring the outcomes of complex interventions, evaluation should seek to clarify how such outcomes are produced, including identifying the hypothesized mechanisms of change. AIMS: To identify mechanisms of change within a conversation therapy for people with aphasia and their partners...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#16
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813256/a-qualitative-case-study-in-the-social-capital-of-co-professional-collaborative-co-practice-for-children-with-speech-language-and-communication-needs
#17
Cristina McKean, James Law, Karen Laing, Maria Cockerill, Jan Allon-Smith, Elspeth McCartney, Joan Forbes
BACKGROUND: Effective co-practice is essential to deliver services for children with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN). The necessary skills, knowledge and resources are distributed amongst professionals and agencies. Co-practice is complex and a number of barriers, such as 'border disputes' and poor awareness of respective priorities, have been identified. However social-relational aspects of co-practice have not been explored in sufficient depth to make recommendations for improvements in policy and practice...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296780/motor-based-treatment-with-and-without-ultrasound-feedback-for-residual-speech-sound-errors
#18
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece, Edwin Maas
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop effective interventions and to compare the efficacy of different interventions for children with residual speech-sound errors (RSSEs). Rhotics (the r-family of sounds) are frequently in error American English-speaking children with RSSEs and are commonly targeted in treatment. One treatment approach involves the use of ultrasound visual feedback of the tongue. AIMS: Although prior studies have shown that children with RSSEs acquire rhotics and generalize to untrained words with ultrasound visual feedback treatment, predictions from schema-based motor learning theory suggest that visual feedback might impede generalization...
January 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150499/addressing-phonological-memory-in-language-therapy-with-clients-who-have-down-syndrome-perspectives-of-speech-language-pathologists
#19
Gayle G Faught, Frances A Conners, Angela B Barber, Hannah R Price
BACKGROUND: Phonological memory (PM) plays a significant role in language development but is impaired in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Without formal recommendations on how to address PM limitations in clients with DS, it is possible speech-language pathologists (SLPs) find ways to do so in their practices. AIMS: This study asked if and how SLPs address PM in language therapy with clients who have DS. It also asked about SLPs' opinions of the importance, practicality and difficulty of addressing PM in clients with DS...
November 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767243/semantic-fluency-in-aphasia-clustering-and-switching-in-the-course-of-1-minute
#20
Arpita Bose, Rosalind Wood, Swathi Kiran
BACKGROUND: Verbal fluency tasks are included in a broad range of aphasia assessments. It is well documented that people with aphasia (PWA) produce fewer items in these tasks. Successful performance on verbal fluency relies on the integrity of both linguistic and executive control abilities. It remains unclear if limited output in aphasia is solely due to their lexical retrieval difficulties or has a basis in their executive control abilities. Analysis techniques, such as temporal characteristics of word retrieved, clustering and switching, are better positioned to inform the debate surrounding the lexical and/or executive control contribution for success in verbal fluency...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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