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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470886/theory-of-mind-in-sli-revisited-links-with-syntax-comparisons-with-asd
#1
Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Anne Reboul
BACKGROUND: According to the linguistic determinism approach, knowledge of sentential complements such as: John says that the earth is flat plays a crucial role in theory of mind (ToM) development by providing a means to represent explicitly people's mental attitudes and beliefs. This approach predicts that mastery of complements determines successful belief reasoning across explicit ToM tasks, even low-verbal ones, and across populations. AIMS: (1) To investigate the link between a low-verbal ToM-task and complements in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), (2) To determine whether this population shows similar ToM performance to that of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or those with Typical Development (TD) once these groups are matched on competency for complements, (3) To explore whether complements conveying a falsehood without jeopardizing the veracity of the entire sentence, such as complements of verbs of communication, are more crucial for belief attribution than complements which do not have this property, namely complements of verbs of perception, (?John sees that the earth is flat)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425220/associations-between-the-transsexual-voice-questionnaire-tvq-mtf-and-self-report-of-voice-femininity-and-acoustic-voice-measures
#2
Georgia Dacakis, Jennifer Oates, Jacinta Douglas
BACKGROUND: The Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ(MtF) ) was designed to capture the voice-related perceptions of individuals whose gender identity as female is the opposite of their birth-assigned gender (MtF women). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the TVQ(MtF) is ongoing. AIMS: To investigate associations between TVQ(MtF) scores and (1) self-perceptions of voice femininity and (2) acoustic parameters of voice pitch and voice quality in order to evaluate further the validity of the TVQ(MtF) ...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421707/content-analysis-of-the-professional-journal-of-the-royal-college-of-speech-and-language-therapists-iii-1966-2015-into-the-21st-century
#3
Linda Armstrong, Jois Stansfield, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: Following content analyses of the first 30 years of the UK speech and language therapy professional body's journal, this study was conducted to survey the published work of the speech (and language) therapy profession over the last 50 years and trace key changes and themes. AIM: To understand better the development of the UK speech and language therapy profession over the last 50 years. METHODS & PROCEDURES: All volumes of the professional journal of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists published between 1966 and 2015 (British Journal of Communication Disorders, European Journal of Communication Disorders and International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders) were examined using content analysis...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421695/evaluation-of-an-interview-skills-training-package-for-adolescents-with-speech-language-and-communication-needs
#4
Rachel Mathrick, Tina Meagher, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We evaluated a structured intervention programme aimed at preparing adolescents with developmental language disorders for job interviews. Our primary outcome measures included change in ratings of verbal and non-verbal social communication behaviours evident during mock interviews. METHODS & PROCEDURES: In study 1, 12 participants, aged 17-19 years, from a specialist sixth-form college completed the intervention and two mock interviews, one pre- and one post-intervention...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421646/increasing-adolescents-depth-of-understanding-of-cross-curriculum-words-an-intervention-study
#5
Sarah Spencer, Judy Clegg, Hilary Lowe, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that vocabulary intervention is effective for children, although further research is needed to confirm the impact of intervention within contexts of social disadvantage. Very little is known about the effectiveness of interventions to increase adolescent knowledge of cross-curriculum words. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention programme designed to develop adolescents' knowledge of cross-curriculum words. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants were 35 adolescents aged between 12 and 14 years who were at risk of educational underachievement with low scores on a range of assessments...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421645/grammaticality-differences-between-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#6
Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Ricardo Maldonado
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have analyzed grammaticality in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Most of the available data are based on bilingual speakers. AIMS: To extend previous studies by doing a more detailed analysis of grammatical types in monolingual Spanish-speakers with and without SLI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Forty-nine Spanish-speaking children (18 with SLI, 17 age-matched typically developing controls, 14 language-matched controls) were recruited from schools in Mexico and observed in a spontaneous narrative task...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371082/can-you-tell-it-by-the-prime-a-study-of-metaphorical-priming-in-high-functioning-autism-in-comparison-with-matched-controls
#7
Sobh Chahboun, Valentin Vulchanov, David Saldaña, Hendrik Eshuis, Mila Vulchanova
BACKGROUND: Problems with pragmatic aspects of language are well attested in individuals on the autism spectrum. It remains unclear, however, whether figurative language skills improve with language status and whether problems in figurative language are no longer present in highly verbal individuals with autism. AIMS: To investigate whether highly verbal individuals with autism perform similarly as age-, intelligence- and verbal comprehension-matched controls on the processing of one of the most common types of figurative language, metaphors...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558299/conversation-breakdowns-in-the-audiology-clinic-the-importance-of-mutual-gaze
#8
Katie Ekberg, Louise Hickson, Caitlin Grenness
BACKGROUND: Conversational breakdowns are a persistent concern for older adults with hearing impairment (HI). Previous studies in experimental settings have investigated potential causes of breakdowns in conversations with a person with HI, and effective strategies for repairing these breakdowns. However, little research has explored the causes of hearing-related communication breakdowns, and their repairs, in extended, naturally occurring conversations in a healthcare setting. AIMS: To analyse systematically instances of clients' initiations of repair within video-recorded initial audiology appointments, and to examine the interactional environment in which they occurred...
May 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432555/oral-diadochokinetic-rates-for-hebrew-speaking-healthy-ageing-population-non-word-versus-real-word-repetition
#9
Boaz M Ben-David, Michal Icht
BACKGROUND: Oral-diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) tasks are extensively used in the evaluation of motor speech abilities. Currently, validated normative data for older adults (aged 65 years and older) are missing in Hebrew. The effect of task stimuli (non-word versus real-word repetition) is also non-clear in the population of older adult Hebrew speakers. AIMS: (1) To establish a norm for oral-DDK rate for older adult (aged 65 years and older) Hebrew speakers, and to investigate the possible effect of age and gender on performance rate; and (2) to examine the effects of stimuli (non-word versus real word) on oral-DDK rates...
May 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432488/phonological-encoding-in-speech-sound-disorder-evidence-from-a-cross-modal-priming-experiment
#10
Benjamin Munson, Miriam O P Krause
BACKGROUND: Psycholinguistic models of language production provide a framework for determining the locus of language breakdown that leads to speech-sound disorder (SSD) in children. AIMS: To examine whether children with SSD differ from their age-matched peers with typical speech and language development (TD) in the ability phonologically to encode lexical items that have been accessed from memory. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Thirty-six children (18 with TD, 18 with SSD) viewed pictures while listening to interfering words (IW) or a non-linguistic auditory stimulus presented over headphones either 150 ms before, concurrent with or 150 ms after picture presentation...
May 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229515/treatment-integrity-of-elaborated-semantic-feature-analysis-aphasia-therapy-delivered-in-individual-and-group-settings
#11
Vasiliki Kladouchou, Ilias Papathanasiou, Eva A Efstratiadou, Vasiliki Christaki, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study ran within the framework of the Thales Aphasia Project that investigated the efficacy of elaborated semantic feature analysis (ESFA). We evaluated the treatment integrity (TI) of ESFA, i.e., the degree to which therapists implemented treatment as intended by the treatment protocol, in two different formats: individual and group therapy. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Based on the ESFA manual, observation of therapy videos and TI literature, we developed two ESFA integrity checklists, for individual and group therapy, and used them to rate 15 videos of therapy sessions, delivered by three speech-language therapists (SLTs)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120526/speech-production-in-3-year-old-internationally-adopted-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#12
AnnaKarin Larsson, Johnna Schölin, Hans Mark, Radi Jönsson, Christina Persson
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, a large number of children with cleft lip and palate have been adopted to Sweden. A majority of the children were born in China and they usually arrive in Sweden with an unoperated palate. There is currently a lack of knowledge regarding speech and articulation development in this group of children, who also have to deal with a late first language switch. AIMS: To study consonant proficiency in 3-year-old internationally adopted children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) compared with peers with UCLP born in Sweden...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120406/generalization-and-maintenance-of-treatment-gains-in-primary-progressive-aphasia-ppa-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Inês Cadório, Marisa Lousada, Paula Martins, Daniela Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-linguistic treatments and interventions targeting communication have been developed within the context of primary progressive aphasia (PPA), however knowledge about the scope of generalization and maintenance of therapy gains considering PPA subtypes remains scarce and awaits systematic investigation. AIMS: To analyse the effects of semantic therapy on generalization and maintenance of treatment outcomes in individuals with PPA, considering its different subtypes...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120370/modelling-gesture-use-and-early-language-development-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Stacy S Manwaring, Danielle L Mead, Lauren Swineford, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Nonverbal communication abilities, including gesture use, are impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about how common gestures may influence or be influenced by other areas of development. AIMS: To examine the relationships between gesture, fine motor and language in young children with ASD compared with a comparison group using multiple measures and methods in a structural equation modelling framework. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants included 110 children with ASD and a non-ASD comparison group of 87 children (that included children with developmental delays (DD) or typical development (TD)), from 12 to 48 months of age...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296780/motor-based-treatment-with-and-without-ultrasound-feedback-for-residual-speech-sound-errors
#15
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece, Edwin Maas
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop effective interventions and to compare the efficacy of different interventions for children with residual speech-sound errors (RSSEs). Rhotics (the r-family of sounds) are frequently in error American English-speaking children with RSSEs and are commonly targeted in treatment. One treatment approach involves the use of ultrasound visual feedback of the tongue. AIMS: Although prior studies have shown that children with RSSEs acquire rhotics and generalize to untrained words with ultrasound visual feedback treatment, predictions from schema-based motor learning theory suggest that visual feedback might impede generalization...
January 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184439/progressive-dysarthria-and-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-conversation-establishing-the-reliability-of-the-dysarthria-in-interaction-profile
#16
Steven Bloch, Jyrki Tuomainen
BACKGROUND: The Dysarthria-in-Interaction Profile's potential contribution to the clinical assessment of dysarthria-in-conversation has been outlined in the literature, but its consistency of use across different users has yet to be reported. AIMS: To establish the level of consistency across raters on four different interaction categories. That is, how reliable clinicians are when rating a series of videos. A secondary aim was to investigate the relationship between raters' estimates of dysarthric speech intelligibility and their rating of each dyad's overall interaction...
January 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039933/aphasia-and-literacy-the-insider-s-perspective
#17
Emma Kjellén, Katja Laakso, Ingrid Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated how people with aphasia (PWA) experience literacy skills. Taking the insider's perspective is a way to increase understanding of the individual experiences of literacy among PWA, which may have clinical implications. AIMS: To describe how literacy, i.e., reading and writing, is experienced in everyday life by PWA and to gain insight into the part played by literacy skills in their lives. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A qualitative descriptive research approach was taken...
December 31, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035712/identification-of-fluency-and-word-finding-difficulty-in-samples-of-children-with-diverse-language-backgrounds
#18
Peter Howell, Kevin Tang, Outi Tuomainen, Sin Kan Chan, Kirsten Beltran, Avin Mirawdeli, John Harris
BACKGROUND: Stuttering and word-finding difficulty (WFD) are two types of communication difficulty that occur frequently in children who learn English as an additional language (EAL), as well as those who only speak English. The two disorders require different, specific forms of intervention. Prior research has described the symptoms of each type of difficulty. This paper describes the development of a non-word repetition test (UNWR), applicable across languages, that was validated by comparing groups of children identified by their speech and language symptoms as having either stuttering or WFD...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035711/written-cohesion-in-children-with-and-without-language-learning-disabilities
#19
Anthony D Koutsoftas, Victoria Petersen
BACKGROUND: Cohesion refers to the linguistic elements of discourse that contribute to its continuity and is an important element to consider as part of written language intervention, especially in children with language learning disabilities (LLD). There is substantial evidence that children with LLD perform more poorly than typically developing (TD) peers on measures of cohesion in spoken language and on written transcription measures; however, there is far less research comparing groups on cohesion as a measure of written language across genres...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035710/%C3%A2
#20
EDITORIAL
Cristina McKean, Steven Bloch, Katerina Hilari, Nikki Botting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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