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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

Arpita Bose, Rosalind Wood, Swathi Kiran
BACKGROUND: Verbal fluency tasks are included in a broad range of aphasia assessments. It is well documented that people with aphasia (PWA) produce fewer items in these tasks. Successful performance on verbal fluency relies on the integrity of both linguistic and executive control abilities. It remains unclear if limited output in aphasia is solely due to their lexical retrieval difficulties or has a basis in their executive control abilities. Analysis techniques, such as temporal characteristics of word retrieved, clustering and switching, are better positioned to inform the debate surrounding the lexical and/or executive control contribution for success in verbal fluency...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Anna Miles
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal abnormalities are common findings in a speech-language therapy videofluoroscopy clinic. Fluoroscopic screening involving oropharynx alone fails to identify these patients. Oesophageal screening as an adjunct to videofluoroscopy is gaining popularity. Yet currently, little is known about the reliability of speech and language therapists' judgement of the oesophageal phase. AIM: To measure the inter-rater reliability of oesophageal abnormality judgement in speech and language therapists during upright videofluoroscopy...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Kristina Klintö, Anette Lohmander
BACKGROUND: In recent years, analyses of cleft palate speech based on phonetic transcriptions have become common. However, the results vary considerably among different studies. It cannot be excluded that differences in assessment methodology, including the recording medium, influence the results. AIMS: To compare phonetic transcriptions from audio and audio/video recordings of cleft palate speech by means of outcomes of per cent correct consonants (PCC) and differences in consonant transcriptions...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Leanne Wilson, Brigid McNeill, Gail T Gillon
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies of inter-professional education (IPE) among student speech-language therapists (SLTs) and student teachers suggest that workshop-based applications are beneficial in preparing participants for elements of collaborative practice. Situating IPE within the students' professional practice placements may provide another useful avenue to develop attitudes, knowledge and skills for inter-professional collaboration. Research examining the impact of different approaches to IPE is required to advance our understanding of effective design and evaluation of such initiatives...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Sarah Northcott, Alan Simpson, Becky Moss, Nafiso Ahmed, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND: The psychosocial impact of stroke and aphasia is considerable. AIMS: To explore UK speech-and-language therapists' (SLTs) clinical practice in addressing the psychological and social needs of people with aphasia, including their experiences of working with mental health professionals. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A 22-item online survey was distributed to UK SLTs via the British Aphasiology Society mailing list and Clinical Excellence Networks...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Katie Ekberg, Louise Hickson, Caitlin Grenness
BACKGROUND: Conversational breakdowns are a persistent concern for older adults with hearing impairment (HI). Previous studies in experimental settings have investigated potential causes of breakdowns in conversations with a person with HI, and effective strategies for repairing these breakdowns. However, little research has explored the causes of hearing-related communication breakdowns, and their repairs, in extended, naturally occurring conversations in a healthcare setting. AIMS: To analyse systematically instances of clients' initiations of repair within video-recorded initial audiology appointments, and to examine the interactional environment in which they occurred...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Suzanne R Jongman, Ardi Roelofs, Annette R Scheper, Antje S Meyer
BACKGROUND: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have problems not only with language performance but also with sustained attention, which is the ability to maintain alertness over an extended period of time. Although there is consensus that this ability is impaired with respect to processing stimuli in the auditory perceptual modality, conflicting evidence exists concerning the visual modality. AIMS: To address the outstanding issue whether the impairment in sustained attention is limited to the auditory domain, or if it is domain-general...
August 16, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Safiyyah Abdul Aziz, Janet Fletcher, Donna M Bayliss
BACKGROUND: Past research with children with specific language impairment (SLI) has shown them to have poorer planning and problem-solving ability, and delayed self-regulatory speech (SRS) relative to their typically developing (TD) peers. However, the studies are few in number and are restricted in terms of the number and age range of participants, which limits our understanding of the nature and extent of any delays. Moreover, no study has examined the performance of a significant subset of children with SLI, those who have hyperactive and inattentive behaviours...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Hadeel Salama Ayyad, B May Bernhardt, Joseph P Stemberger
BACKGROUND: Arabic, a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic variety, has a rich consonant inventory. Previous studies on Arabic phonological acquisition have focused primarily on dialects in Jordan and Egypt. Because Arabic varies considerably across regions, information is also needed for other dialects. AIMS: To determine acquisition benchmarks for singleton consonants for Kuwaiti Arabic-speaking 4-year-olds. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants were 80 monolingual Kuwaiti Arabic-speaking children divided into two age groups: 46-54 and 55-62 months...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Elizabeth C Ward, Leigh Jarman, Petrea L Cornwell, Delena I Amsters
BACKGROUND: Post-spinal cord injury (SCI), individuals may exhibit mild to moderate impairments in aspects of speech influenced by impaired respiratory support. However, limited research has been conducted into the impact of these impairments on activity and participation when living in the community. AIMS: To examine the nature and extent of voice and communication function in a group of individuals with cervical SCI living in the community, and to explore participant perceptions of the impact of these deficits on levels of activity and participation...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Paul Burdon, Lucy Dipper, Naomi Cocks
BACKGROUND: Social perception is an important skill. One assessment that is commonly used to assess social perception abilities is The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT). The only normative data available for this test are for Australian younger adults. Despite no normative data being available for British adults, the test is widely used in the UK with older and younger adults. There is a growing body of research that suggests that older adults have difficulty with skills associated with social perception...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Yael Neumann, Baila Epstein, Valerie L Shafer
BACKGROUND: An increase in positivity of event-related potentials (ERPs) at the lateral anterior sites has been hypothesized to be an index of semantic and discourse processing, with the right lateral anterior positivity (LAP) showing particular sensitivity to discourse factors. However, the research investigating the LAP is limited; it is unclear whether the effect is driven by word class (function word versus content word) or by a more general process of structure building triggered by elements of a determiner phrase (DP)...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Tom Loucas, Gillian Baird, Emily Simonoff, Vicky Slonims
BACKGROUND: Specific language impairment (SLI) is heterogeneous and identifying subgroups within it may help explain the aetiology of the condition. Phonological processing abilities distinguish between children with SLI who do and do not have reading decoding impairments (RDIs). AIMS: To probe different levels of phonological processing in children with SLI with and without RDI to investigate the cognitive basis of these differences. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 64 children aged 5-17 years were classified using the results of standardized language and single-word reading tests into those with no SLI and no RDI (No SLI/No RDI) (N = 18), no SLI but with RDI (No SLI/RDI) (N = 4, not included in analyses because of the small number), SLI/No RDI (N = 20), and SLI/RDI (N = 22)...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Geoff Lindsay, Jessie Ricketts, Lindy V Peacey, Julie E Dockrell, Tony Charman
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in examining the perspectives of parents of children with special educational needs (SEN). Exploring the view of parents of a child with language impairment (LI) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is particularly important because of their high prevalence, at over 30% of children with SEN in England, and the increasing evidence of overlapping profiles of their needs. AIMS: To examine the similarities and differences between the perspectives of parents of children with LI or ASD on three issues: (1) their child's educational progress, and their behavioural, emotional and social development; (2) the provision made to support their child's education and meet their SEN; and (3) their own involvement in decision-making about provision for their child...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Elaine Lockton, Catherine Adams, Anna Collins
BACKGROUND: Children who have social communication disorder (CwSCD) demonstrate persistent difficulties with language pragmatics in conversations and other verbal interactions. Speech-language interventions for these children often include promotion of metapragmatic awareness (MPA); that is, the ability to identify explicitly and reflect upon pragmatic rules (MP explicitation). Improved MPA is assumed to support increased self-monitoring and generalization of pragmatic knowledge. Evidence to support this as a mechanism of intervention depends upon the identification of a systematic relationship between MPA and use of pragmatic rules in conversational behaviour...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Lee Pryor, Elizabeth Ward, Petrea Cornwell, Stephanie O'Connor, Marianne Chapman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is often a comorbidity in patients who require a tracheostomy, yet little is known about patterns of oral intake commencement in tracheostomized patients, or how patterns may vary depending on the clinical population and/or reason for tracheostomy insertion. AIMS: To document patterns of clinical management around the commencement of oral intake throughout hospital admission and along the decannulation pathway in patients with a new tracheostomy, and to examine the nature of variability across multiple clinical populations...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Brigitte E de Hoog, Margreet C Langereis, Marjolijn van Weerdenburg, Harry E T Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: The spoken language difficulties of children with moderate or severe to profound hearing loss are mainly related to limited auditory speech perception. However, degraded or filtered auditory input as evidenced in children with cochlear implants (CIs) may result in less efficient or slower language processing as well. To provide insight into the underlying nature of the spoken language difficulties in children with CIs, linguistic profiles of children with CIs are compared with those of hard-of-hearing (HoH) children with conventional hearing aids and children with specific language impairment (SLI)...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Boaz M Ben-David, Michal Icht
BACKGROUND: Oral-diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) tasks are extensively used in the evaluation of motor speech abilities. Currently, validated normative data for older adults (aged 65 years and older) are missing in Hebrew. The effect of task stimuli (non-word versus real-word repetition) is also non-clear in the population of older adult Hebrew speakers. AIMS: (1) To establish a norm for oral-DDK rate for older adult (aged 65 years and older) Hebrew speakers, and to investigate the possible effect of age and gender on performance rate; and (2) to examine the effects of stimuli (non-word versus real word) on oral-DDK rates...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Benjamin Munson, Miriam O P Krause
BACKGROUND: Psycholinguistic models of language production provide a framework for determining the locus of language breakdown that leads to speech-sound disorder (SSD) in children. AIMS: To examine whether children with SSD differ from their age-matched peers with typical speech and language development (TD) in the ability phonologically to encode lexical items that have been accessed from memory. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Thirty-six children (18 with TD, 18 with SSD) viewed pictures while listening to interfering words (IW) or a non-linguistic auditory stimulus presented over headphones either 150 ms before, concurrent with or 150 ms after picture presentation...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Sarah Spencer, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse, Robert Rush
BACKGROUND: Well-documented associations exist between socio-economic background and language ability in early childhood, and between educational attainment and language ability in children with clinically referred language impairment. However, very little research has looked at the associations between language ability, educational attainment and socio-economic background during adolescence, particularly in populations without language impairment. AIMS: To investigate: (1) whether adolescents with higher educational outcomes overall had higher language abilities; and (2) associations between adolescent language ability, socio-economic background and educational outcomes, specifically in relation to Mathematics, English Language and English Literature GCSE grade...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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