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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627039/consensus-building-on-developing-dysphagia-competence-a-north-west-of-england-perspective
#1
Susan Guthrie, John Lancaster, Jois Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been an increasing area of practice for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for over 20 years, and throughout that period there has been debate about how practical skills in dysphagia can best be developed. The implementation of the new Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) framework was considered from a regional perspective seeking to establish consensus across different speech and language therapy settings. AIM: To explore practical solutions to the development of dysphagia competency in new graduates whilst acknowledging the wide variation in staffing and clinical dysphagia experience across the geographical and clinical landscape in the North West of England...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627034/brief-mindfulness-meditation-group-training-in-aphasia-exploring-attention-language-and-psychophysiological-outcomes
#2
Rebecca Shisler Marshall, Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Kim Love
BACKGROUND: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. AIMS: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching MM to individuals with aphasia. Since physiological measures have not been collected for those with aphasia, the study was also an exploration of the potential attention, language and physiological changes after MM in adults with aphasia during a brief, daily group training...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621083/metacognition-in-speech-and-language-therapy-for-children-with-social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-implications-for-a-theory-of-therapy
#3
Jacqueline Gaile, Catherine Adams
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is a significant component of complex interventions for children who have developmental language disorders. Research into how metacognition operates in the content or process of developmental language therapy delivery is limited. Identification and description of proposed active therapy components, such as metacognition, may contribute to our understanding of how to deliver complex communication interventions in an optimal manner. AIMS: To analyse aspects of metacognition during therapy derived from a manualized speech and language intervention (the Social Communication Intervention Programme-SCIP) as delivered to children who have social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD) and to examine the dynamic process of delivering therapy...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621030/plugging-the-patient-evidence-gap-what-patients-with-swallowing-disorders-post-stroke-say-about-thickened-liquids
#4
Arlene McCurtin, Chiara Healy, Linda Kelly, Fiona Murphy, Jean Ryan, Joanne Walsh
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia post-stroke is well known, with its presence increasing the risk of poor outcomes in particular aspiration and aspiration pneumonia. Management to minimize the risk of aspiration and improve swallow safety post-stroke includes the treatment of thickened liquids (TL), an established bolus modification intervention. Despite widespread use, there is a lack of robust empirical evidence and minimal patient evidence as to the experience and acceptability of using thickeners by people who experience dysphagia after a stroke...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621012/supporting-people-with-aphasia-to-settle-into-a-new-way-to-be-speech-and-language-therapists-views-on-providing-psychosocial-support
#5
Sarah Northcott, Alan Simpson, Becky Moss, Nafiso Ahmed, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND: People with aphasia are at risk of becoming depressed and isolated. Online surveys have found that the majority of speech and language therapists (SLTs) lack confidence in addressing the psychological needs of people with aphasia. AIMS: To explore how SLTs conceptualize the scope of their role; barriers and facilitators to SLTs addressing psychosocial needs; and SLTs' experiences of specialist training and support, and working with mental health professionals (MHPs)...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621001/early-vocabulary-development-in-children-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#6
Taina Välimaa, Sari Kunnari, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Eila Lonka
BACKGROUND: Children with unilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have delayed vocabulary development for an extended period after implantation. Bilateral cochlear implantation is reported to be associated with improved sound localization and enhanced speech perception in noise. This study proposed that bilateral implantation might also promote early vocabulary development. Knowledge regarding vocabulary growth and composition in children with bilateral CIs and factors associated with it may lead to improvements in the content of early speech and language intervention and family counselling...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620998/a-survey-of-speech-language-therapy-provision-for-people-with-post-stroke-dysarthria-in-the-uk
#7
Nick Miller, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: A large number of people who experience a stroke are affected by dysarthria. This may be in isolation or in association with aphasia and/or dysphagia. Despite evidence highlighting the psychological and social impact of having post-stroke dysarthria and a number of clinical guidelines that make recommendations for appropriate management, little is known currently about UK service delivery issues relating to speech and language therapy (SLT) assessment and treatment for this group...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#8
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593698/associations-between-expressive-and-receptive-language-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviours-in-a-community-based-prospective-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#9
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Fiona Mensah, Cristina McKean, Kylie Smith, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that language and social, emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are associated in children and adolescents. When these associations emerge and whether they differ by language or SEB difficulty profile is unclear. This knowledge is crucial to guide prevention and intervention programmes for children with language and SEB difficulties. AIMS: To determine whether receptive and expressive language skills are associated with internalizing and externalizing behaviours in slow-to-talk toddlers...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560776/spontaneous-language-production-of-italian-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-their-mothers-in-two-interactive-contexts
#10
Marinella Majorano, Laura Guidotti, Letizia Guerzoni, Alessandra Murri, Marika Morelli, Domenico Cuda, Manuela Lavelli
BACKGROUND: In recent years many studies have shown that the use of cochlear implants (CIs) improves children's skills in processing the auditory signal and, consequently, the development of both language comprehension and production. Nevertheless, many authors have also reported that the development of language skills in children with CIs is variable and influenced by individual factors (e.g., age at CI activation) and contextual aspects (e.g., maternal linguistic input). AIMS: To assess the characteristics of the spontaneous language production of Italian children with CIs, their mothers' input and the relationship between the two during shared book reading and semi-structured play...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560767/reviewing-the-quality-of-discourse-information-measures-in-aphasia
#11
REVIEW
Madeleine Pritchard, Katerina Hilari, Naomi Cocks, Lucy Dipper
BACKGROUND: Discourse is fundamental to everyday communication, and is an increasing focus of clinical assessment, intervention and research. Aphasia can affect the information a speaker communicates in discourse. Little is known about the psychometrics of the tools for measuring information in discourse, which means it is unclear whether these measures are of sufficient quality to be used as clinical outcome measures or diagnostic tools. AIMS: To profile the measures used to describe information in aphasic discourse, and to assess the quality of these measures against standard psychometric criteria...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470886/theory-of-mind-in-sli-revisited-links-with-syntax-comparisons-with-asd
#12
Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Anne Reboul
BACKGROUND: According to the linguistic determinism approach, knowledge of sentential complements such as: John says that the earth is flat plays a crucial role in theory of mind (ToM) development by providing a means to represent explicitly people's mental attitudes and beliefs. This approach predicts that mastery of complements determines successful belief reasoning across explicit ToM tasks, even low-verbal ones, and across populations. AIMS: (1) To investigate the link between a low-verbal ToM-task and complements in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), (2) To determine whether this population shows similar ToM performance to that of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or those with Typical Development (TD) once these groups are matched on competency for complements, (3) To explore whether complements conveying a falsehood without jeopardizing the veracity of the entire sentence, such as complements of verbs of communication, are more crucial for belief attribution than complements which do not have this property, namely complements of verbs of perception, (?John sees that the earth is flat)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425220/associations-between-the-transsexual-voice-questionnaire-tvq-mtf-and-self-report-of-voice-femininity-and-acoustic-voice-measures
#13
Georgia Dacakis, Jennifer Oates, Jacinta Douglas
BACKGROUND: The Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ(MtF) ) was designed to capture the voice-related perceptions of individuals whose gender identity as female is the opposite of their birth-assigned gender (MtF women). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the TVQ(MtF) is ongoing. AIMS: To investigate associations between TVQ(MtF) scores and (1) self-perceptions of voice femininity and (2) acoustic parameters of voice pitch and voice quality in order to evaluate further the validity of the TVQ(MtF) ...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421707/content-analysis-of-the-professional-journal-of-the-royal-college-of-speech-and-language-therapists-iii-1966-2015-into-the-21st-century
#14
Linda Armstrong, Jois Stansfield, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: Following content analyses of the first 30 years of the UK speech and language therapy professional body's journal, this study was conducted to survey the published work of the speech (and language) therapy profession over the last 50 years and trace key changes and themes. AIM: To understand better the development of the UK speech and language therapy profession over the last 50 years. METHODS & PROCEDURES: All volumes of the professional journal of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists published between 1966 and 2015 (British Journal of Communication Disorders, European Journal of Communication Disorders and International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders) were examined using content analysis...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421695/evaluation-of-an-interview-skills-training-package-for-adolescents-with-speech-language-and-communication-needs
#15
Rachel Mathrick, Tina Meagher, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We evaluated a structured intervention programme aimed at preparing adolescents with developmental language disorders for job interviews. Our primary outcome measures included change in ratings of verbal and non-verbal social communication behaviours evident during mock interviews. METHODS & PROCEDURES: In study 1, 12 participants, aged 17-19 years, from a specialist sixth-form college completed the intervention and two mock interviews, one pre- and one post-intervention...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421646/increasing-adolescents-depth-of-understanding-of-cross-curriculum-words-an-intervention-study
#16
Sarah Spencer, Judy Clegg, Hilary Lowe, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that vocabulary intervention is effective for children, although further research is needed to confirm the impact of intervention within contexts of social disadvantage. Very little is known about the effectiveness of interventions to increase adolescent knowledge of cross-curriculum words. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention programme designed to develop adolescents' knowledge of cross-curriculum words. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants were 35 adolescents aged between 12 and 14 years who were at risk of educational underachievement with low scores on a range of assessments...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421645/grammaticality-differences-between-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#17
Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Ricardo Maldonado
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have analyzed grammaticality in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Most of the available data are based on bilingual speakers. AIMS: To extend previous studies by doing a more detailed analysis of grammatical types in monolingual Spanish-speakers with and without SLI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Forty-nine Spanish-speaking children (18 with SLI, 17 age-matched typically developing controls, 14 language-matched controls) were recruited from schools in Mexico and observed in a spontaneous narrative task...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371082/can-you-tell-it-by-the-prime-a-study-of-metaphorical-priming-in-high-functioning-autism-in-comparison-with-matched-controls
#18
Sobh Chahboun, Valentin Vulchanov, David Saldaña, Hendrik Eshuis, Mila Vulchanova
BACKGROUND: Problems with pragmatic aspects of language are well attested in individuals on the autism spectrum. It remains unclear, however, whether figurative language skills improve with language status and whether problems in figurative language are no longer present in highly verbal individuals with autism. AIMS: To investigate whether highly verbal individuals with autism perform similarly as age-, intelligence- and verbal comprehension-matched controls on the processing of one of the most common types of figurative language, metaphors...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558299/conversation-breakdowns-in-the-audiology-clinic-the-importance-of-mutual-gaze
#19
Katie Ekberg, Louise Hickson, Caitlin Grenness
BACKGROUND: Conversational breakdowns are a persistent concern for older adults with hearing impairment (HI). Previous studies in experimental settings have investigated potential causes of breakdowns in conversations with a person with HI, and effective strategies for repairing these breakdowns. However, little research has explored the causes of hearing-related communication breakdowns, and their repairs, in extended, naturally occurring conversations in a healthcare setting. AIMS: To analyse systematically instances of clients' initiations of repair within video-recorded initial audiology appointments, and to examine the interactional environment in which they occurred...
May 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432555/oral-diadochokinetic-rates-for-hebrew-speaking-healthy-ageing-population-non-word-versus-real-word-repetition
#20
Boaz M Ben-David, Michal Icht
BACKGROUND: Oral-diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) tasks are extensively used in the evaluation of motor speech abilities. Currently, validated normative data for older adults (aged 65 years and older) are missing in Hebrew. The effect of task stimuli (non-word versus real-word repetition) is also non-clear in the population of older adult Hebrew speakers. AIMS: (1) To establish a norm for oral-DDK rate for older adult (aged 65 years and older) Hebrew speakers, and to investigate the possible effect of age and gender on performance rate; and (2) to examine the effects of stimuli (non-word versus real word) on oral-DDK rates...
May 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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