journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139196/education-and-employment-outcomes-of-young-adults-with-a-history-of-developmental-language-disorder
#1
Gina Conti-Ramsden, Kevin Durkin, Umar Toseeb, Nicola Botting, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) presents a considerable barrier for young adults to engage in further education and training. Early studies with young adults with DLD revealed poor educational achievement and lack of opportunities to progress in education. More recent studies have provided more positive findings. Relatively sparse data exist, however, on current cohorts and the factors that predict outcomes. AIMS: To examine educational and employment outcomes in young adulthood in a sample of people with histories of DLD compared with an age-matched peer group without DLD...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119716/episodic-memory-retrieval-in-adolescents-with-and-without-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#2
Joanna C Lee
BACKGROUND: Two reasons may explain the discrepant findings regarding declarative memory in developmental language disorder (DLD) in the literature. First, standardized tests are one of the primary tools used to assess declarative memory in previous studies. It is possible they are not sensitive enough to subtle memory impairment. Second, the system underlying declarative memory is complex, and thus results may vary depending on the types of encoding and retrieval processes measured (e...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119700/oral-and-written-picture-description-in-individuals-with-aphasia
#3
Dorien Vandenborre, Evy Visch-Brink, Kim van Dun, Jo Verhoeven, Peter Mariën
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is characterized by difficulties in connected speech/writing. AIMS: To explore the differences between the oral and written description of a picture in individuals with chronic aphasia (IWA) and healthy controls. Descriptions were controlled for productivity, efficiency, grammatical organization, substitution behaviour and discourse organization. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Fifty IWA and 50 healthy controls matched for age, gender and education provided an oral and written description of a black-and-white situational drawing from the Dutch version of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119652/the-novel-language-systematic-aphasia-screening-saps-screening-based-therapy-in-combination-with-computerised-home-training
#4
Franziska Krzok, Verena Rieger, Katharina Niemann, Ruth Nobis-Bosch, Irmgard Radermacher, Walter Huber, Klaus Willmes, Stefanie Abel
BACKGROUND: SAPS-'Sprachsystematisches Aphasiescreening'-is a novel language-systematic aphasia screening developed for the German language, which already had been positively evaluated. It offers a fast assessment of modality-specific psycholinguistic components at different levels of complexity and the derivation of impairment-based treatment foci from the individual performance profile. However, SAPS has not yet been evaluated in combination with the new SAPS-based treatment. AIMS: To replicate the practicality of SAPS and to investigate the effectiveness of a SAPS-based face-to-face therapy combined with computerised home training in a feasibility study...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836718/the-personality-of-past-present-and-future-speech-language-pathology-students
#5
Nicole Byrne
BACKGROUND: As allied health professions change over time to keep up with and reflect a rapidly changing society, it is quite possible that the people attracted to the profession may also change. If this is the case, then knowing this could be critical for future workforce marketing, training and planning. AIMS: The aim was to investigate whether the personality of students entering a speech-language pathology (SLP) program had changed over time and whether there were generational differences in personality...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120370/modelling-gesture-use-and-early-language-development-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Stacy S Manwaring, Danielle L Mead, Lauren Swineford, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Nonverbal communication abilities, including gesture use, are impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about how common gestures may influence or be influenced by other areas of development. AIMS: To examine the relationships between gesture, fine motor and language in young children with ASD compared with a comparison group using multiple measures and methods in a structural equation modelling framework. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants included 110 children with ASD and a non-ASD comparison group of 87 children (that included children with developmental delays (DD) or typical development (TD)), from 12 to 48 months of age...
September 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039933/aphasia-and-literacy-the-insider-s-perspective
#7
Emma Kjellén, Katja Laakso, Ingrid Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated how people with aphasia (PWA) experience literacy skills. Taking the insider's perspective is a way to increase understanding of the individual experiences of literacy among PWA, which may have clinical implications. AIMS: To describe how literacy, i.e., reading and writing, is experienced in everyday life by PWA and to gain insight into the part played by literacy skills in their lives. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A qualitative descriptive research approach was taken...
September 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741729/influence-of-timing-of-delayed-hard-palate-closure-on-articulation-skills-in-3-year-old-danish-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
Elisabeth Willadsen, Maria Boers, Antje Schöps, Mia Kisling-Møller, Joan Bogh Nielsen, Line Dahl Jørgensen, Mikael Andersen, Stig Bolund, Helene Søgaard Andersen
BACKGROUND: Differing results regarding articulation skills in young children with cleft palate (CP) have been reported and often interpreted as a consequence of different surgical protocols. AIMS: To assess the influence of different timing of hard palate closure in a two-stage procedure on articulation skills in 3-year-olds born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Secondary aims were to compare results with peers without CP, and to investigate if there are gender differences in articulation skills...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726283/vocal-and-gestural-productions-of-24-month-old-children-with-sex-chromosome-trisomies
#9
Laura Zampini, Lara Draghi, Gaia Silibello, Francesca Dall'Ara, Claudia Rigamonti, Chiara Suttora, Paola Zanchi, Nicoletta Salerni, Faustina Lalatta, Paola Vizziello
BACKGROUND: Children with sex chromosome trisomies (SCT) frequently show problems in language development. However, a clear description of the communicative patterns of these children is still lacking. AIMS: To describe the first stages of language development in children with SCT in comparison with those in typically developing (TD) children. The purpose was to verify the existence of possible differences in communicative skills (in both vocal and gestural modality) and identify the presence of possible early predictors (i...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714530/acoustic-changes-in-the-speech-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-following-an-intensive-program-of-dysarthria-therapy
#10
Lindsay Pennington, Eftychia Lombardo, Nick Steen, Nick Miller
BACKGROUND: The speech intelligibility of children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy has been observed to increase following therapy focusing on respiration and phonation. AIMS: To determine if speech intelligibility change following intervention is associated with change in acoustic measures of voice. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We recorded 16 young people with cerebral palsy and dysarthria (nine girls; mean age 14 years, SD = 2; nine spastic type, two dyskinetic, four mixed; one Worster-Drought) producing speech in two conditions (single words, connected speech) twice before and twice after therapy focusing on respiration, phonation and rate...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#11
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691260/semantic-fluency-in-deaf-children-who-use-spoken-and-signed-language-in-comparison-with-hearing-peers
#12
C R Marshall, A Jones, A Fastelli, J Atkinson, N Botting, G Morgan
BACKGROUND: Deafness has an adverse impact on children's ability to acquire spoken languages. Signed languages offer a more accessible input for deaf children, but because the vast majority are born to hearing parents who do not sign, their early exposure to sign language is limited. Deaf children as a whole are therefore at high risk of language delays. AIMS: We compared deaf and hearing children's performance on a semantic fluency task. Optimal performance on this task requires a systematic search of the mental lexicon, the retrieval of words within a subcategory and, when that subcategory is exhausted, switching to a new subcategory...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691196/the-comprehensibility-of-pantomimes-produced-by-people-with-aphasia
#13
Karin van Nispen, W M E Mieke, E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Emiel Krahmer
BACKGROUND: People with aphasia (PWA) use pantomime, gesture in absence of speech, differently from non-brain-damaged people (NBDP). AIMS: To evaluate through an exploratory study the comprehensibility of PWA's pantomimes and to find out whether they can compensate for information PWA are unable to convey in speech. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 273 naïve observers participated in one of two judgement tasks: forced-choice and open-ended questions...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691180/examining-the-association-between-language-expository-discourse-and-offending-behaviour-an-investigation-of-direction-strength-and-independence
#14
Thomas Hopkins, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association been investigated with particular reference to the expository discourse abilities of YOs on community orders in the UK. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the direction and strength of the association between language and offending behaviour by comparing the receptive and expressive language and expository discourse abilities of male and female YOs and non-offenders in the UK, relative to the confounds of social disadvantage, years of education attended and non-verbal IQ...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677236/the-test-of-masticating-and-swallowing-solids-tomass-reliability-validity-and-international-normative-data
#15
Maggie-Lee Huckabee, Theresa McIntosh, Laura Fuller, Morgan Curry, Paige Thomas, Margaret Walshe, Ellen McCague, Irene Battel, Dalia Nogueira, Ulrike Frank, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Oshrat Sella-Weiss
BACKGROUND: Clinical swallowing assessment is largely limited to qualitative assessment of behavioural observations. There are limited quantitative data that can be compared with a healthy population for identification of impairment. The Test of Masticating and Swallowing Solids (TOMASS) was developed as a quantitative assessment of solid bolus ingestion. AIMS: This research programme investigated test development indices and established normative data for the TOMASS to support translation to clinical dysphagia assessment...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035710/
#16
EDITORIAL
Cristina McKean, Steven Bloch, Katerina Hilari, Nikki Botting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995697/language-development-delay-and-intervention-the-views-of-parents-from-communities-that-speech-and-language-therapy-managers-in-england-consider-to-be-under-served
#17
Julie Marshall, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice includes research evidence, clinical expertise and stakeholder perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives are important and include parental ethno-theories, which embrace views about many aspects of speech, language and communication, language development, and interventions. The Developmental Niche Framework provides a useful theory to understand parental beliefs. Ethnotheories, including those about language development, delay and interventions, may vary cross culturally and are less well understood in relation to families who may be considered 'under-served' or 'hard-to-reach' by speech and language therapy services...
July 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#18
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
July 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891725/cognitive-task-demands-and-discourse-performance-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Lindsey Byom, Lyn S Turkstra
BACKGROUND: Social communication problems are common in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI), particularly problems in spoken discourse. Social communication problems are thought to reflect underlying cognitive impairments. AIMS: To measure the contribution of two cognitive processes, executive functioning (EF) and theory of mind (ToM), to the communication of adults with TBI, and to investigate the relationships between discourse performance and potential communication partners' perceptions...
July 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627039/consensus-building-on-developing-dysphagia-competence-a-north-west-of-england-perspective
#20
Susan Guthrie, John Lancaster, Jois Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been an increasing area of practice for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for over 20 years, and throughout that period there has been debate about how practical skills in dysphagia can best be developed. The implementation of the new Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) framework was considered from a regional perspective seeking to establish consensus across different speech and language therapy settings. AIM: To explore practical solutions to the development of dysphagia competency in new graduates whilst acknowledging the wide variation in staffing and clinical dysphagia experience across the geographical and clinical landscape in the North West of England...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
journal
journal
32937
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"