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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

Iris Meerschman, Kristiane Van Lierde, Julie Ketels, Charlotte Coppieters, Sofie Claeys, Evelien D'haeseleer
BACKGROUND: To date, the immediate effects of a semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) configuration have been thoroughly demonstrated. However, it is not yet sufficiently confirmed whether a therapy programme (i.e. longer than one session) using SOVT exercises leads to an enhanced phonation and improved vocal quality. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of three SOVT therapy programmes: lip trill, water-resistance therapy (WRT) and straw phonation, on the vocal quality, vocal capacities, psychosocial impact and vocal tract discomfort of patients with dysphonia...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Courtenay Frazier Norbury, Elspeth McCartney, Vicky Slonims, Julie E Dockrell, Susan H Ebbels
Well, the speech-language therapist comes to talk to us occasionally, but they don't help children anymore. (head teacher response to the governing body when asked about the provision for children with language deficits within a mainstream primary school).
November 4, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Jodie Smith, Penny Levickis, Tricia Eadie, Lesley Bretherton, Laura Conway, Sharon Goldfeld
BACKGROUND: Variations in parenting, more specifically less responsive and more directive parenting, contribute to language difficulties for children experiencing adversity. Further investigation of associations between specific responsive and directive behaviours and child language is required to understand how behaviours shape language over time within different populations. As language is dyadic, further exploration of how mother-child interactions moderate associations is also important...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Jennifer Moloney, Margaret Walshe
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition that dysphagia has significant implications for a person's psychological well-being, social participation and quality of life (QOL). However, a paucity of research exists regarding the clinical management of this area. To inform future research and the development of appropriate and beneficial resources and guidelines, a better understanding of the current practice of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in this area would be useful. This information will highlight current challenges to clinical practice and the ongoing development needs of the profession, which are, as of yet, undocumented...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Angela O'Rourke, Emma Power, Robyn O'Halloran, Rachael Rietdijk
BACKGROUND: Communication partner training (CPT) programmes for health and care staff working with people with the neurologically based communication disorders associated with stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI) and dementia are efficacious in improving communication. However, current programmes are lengthy and disorder specific, and therefore may not be suitable as staff training tools in environments with people with multiple communication disorders, and services with a variety of neurological populations...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Emily Dawes, Suze Leitão, Mary Claessen, Robert Kane
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) demonstrate poor oral inferential comprehension. Research investigating the skills that underpin oral inferential comprehension in young children with DLD is necessary in order to better understand and improve inferential comprehension in this population. AIMS: To profile the language and cognitive skills that contribute to oral inferential comprehension in young children with DLD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Seventy-six children aged 5-6 years with a diagnosis of DLD were assessed on a wide range of language and cognitive measures...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Lisa Furlong, Tanya Serry, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: Children with speech-sound disorders (SSD) constitute a significant proportion of speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) caseloads. Previous research has investigated the clinical practice of SLPs intervening with children with SSD; however, little is known about the clinical decision-making underpinning their practice. AIMS: The clinical decision-making of SLPs working with children with SSD was explored to understand how their clinical decisions were influenced by: (1) beliefs about what works in therapy; (2) prior clinical experience; and (3) client and service-related variables...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Madeleine Pritchard, Katerina Hilari, Naomi Cocks, Lucy Dipper
BACKGROUND: Discourse in adults with aphasia is increasingly the focus of assessment and therapy research. A broad range of measures is available to describe discourse, but very limited information is available on their psychometric properties. As a result, the quality of these measures is unknown, and there is very little evidence to motivate the choice of one measure over another. AIMS: To explore the quality of a range of discourse measures, targeting sentence structure, coherence, story structure and cohesion...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Huey Fang Chang, Emma Power, Robyn O'Halloran, Abby Foster
BACKGROUND: Communication partners (CPs) find it challenging to communicate with people with communication disorders post-stroke. Stroke communication partner training (CPT) can enhance CPs' ability to support the communication and participation of people post-stroke. While evidence for the efficacy of aphasia-based CPT is strong, implementation in healthcare settings is unclear. AIMS: To investigate Australian speech pathologists' current stroke CPT practices, factors influencing the implementation of CPT and how reported practice compares with the research evidence...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Neeltje P van den Bedem, Julie E Dockrell, Petra M van Alphen, Mark de Rooij, Andrea C Samson, Elina L Harjunen, Carolien Rieffe
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common in children with developmental language disorder (DLD). However, risk and protective factors contributing to these problems are currently underspecified. AIMS: The current longitudinal study examined the role of emotion-regulation (ER) strategies in the severity of depressive symptoms in children with and without DLD, taking into account the severity of communication problems of children with DLD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We followed clinically referred children with DLD (n = 114, 49% girls) and without DLD (n = 214, 58% girls) between the ages of 8 and 16 years across an 18-month period...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Tanya Eadie, Mara Kapsner-Smith, Susan Bolt, Cara Sauder, Kathryn Yorkston, Carolyn Baylor
BACKGROUND: Beyond the severity of voice, speech and language impairments, one potential predictor of communication success across adult populations with communication disorders may be perceived social support: the expectation that others will provide support if needed. Despite the preponderance of intervention approaches that assume a positive relationship between perceived social support and patient-reported communication success, the evidence base for these relationships is limited...
November 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Perrine Heymann, Jessie B Northrup, Kelsey L West, Meaghan V Parladé, Nina B Leezenbaum, Jana M Iverson
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that social communicative behaviours develop atypically during the second year in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study evaluated whether these behaviours also differed in the extent to which they were coordinated across modalities. AIMS: To measure joint attention behaviours (e.g., gaze shifts, gestures), vocalisations and their coordination among a cohort of infants with an older sibling with ASD (heightened risk-HR). METHODS & PROCEDURES: This prospective longitudinal study examined 50 HR infants at 14, 18 and 24 months...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Kirstine Shrubsole, Linda Worrall, Emma Power, Denise A O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Effective implementation strategies to improve speech and language therapists' (SLTs) aphasia management practices are needed. Australian SLTs working in the acute setting have reported inconsistent implementation of post-stroke aphasia guideline recommendations. Therefore, implementation efforts to address these gaps are necessary. However, little is known about the effectiveness of behaviour-change strategies in SLTs providing acute aphasia management. AIMS: This study designed and tested the feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of a tailored implementation strategy to improve acute SLTs' uptake of evidence in two areas of practice: aphasia-friendly information provision; and collaborative goal setting...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Natalie Hegarty, Jill Titterington, Sharynne McLeod, Laurence Taggart
BACKGROUND: Across the world, research has shown that intervention for children with phonological impairment can be both effective and efficient. However, it has also raised concerns about the translation of this evidence to practice, highlighting questions around clinician knowledge and the understanding of approaches, and the intensity of intervention provided within real-life clinical contexts. AIMS: To investigate the clinical management of phonological impairment by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the United Kingdom (UK)...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Felicity A S Bright, Nicola M Kayes, Kathryn M McPherson, Linda E Worrall
BACKGROUND: Engagement is commonly considered important in stroke rehabilitation, with some arguing it is essential for positive patient outcomes. An emerging body of research indicates the practitioner influences engagement through their ways of relating, communicating and working with the patient. People experiencing communication disability may face particular challenges with engagement as a practitioner's communication and interactional patterns may limit their ability to engage. AIMS: To understand how rehabilitation practitioners worked to engage people experiencing communication disability throughout the course of rehabilitation...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Jodie Smith, Tricia Eadie, Penny Levickis, Lesley Bretherton, Sharon Goldfeld
BACKGROUND: Parent-reported measures of early communication have limitations for use with infants experiencing adversity. Observational measures of early non-verbal and verbal communicative behaviours and mother-child turn-taking may provide a complementary method of capturing early communication skills for these children. AIMS: To explore the predictive validity of verbal and non-verbal behaviours and mother-child conversational turn-taking (fluency and connectedness) at child age 12 months in relation to language measures at 24 and 36 months in a cohort of infants experiencing adversity...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Jessica O Boyce, Nicky Kilpatrick, Sheena Reilly, Annette Da Costa, Angela T Morgan
BACKGROUND: Research investigating language skills in school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate is sparse. Past studies focus on younger populations, lack key comparisons to demographically matched control cohorts or explore language as a component of broader academic skills. Trends of existing studies suggest that affected children may perform at a lower level compared with typically developing peers. AIMS: To examine the receptive and expressive language skills of middle-school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (CLP) and cleft palate only (CP)...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Katie Ekberg, Nerina Scarinci, Louise Hickson, Carly Meyer
BACKGROUND: Family-centred care (FCC) is recognized as best practice in the delivery of early intervention services for children with hearing loss (HL) and their families. However, there has been little research involving direct observation of family-centred communication practices in paediatric hearing habilitation appointments, which means little is currently known about how family members are involved within appointments, and how FCC is accomplished by health professionals through their interactions with families...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Hannah Dyson, Jonathan Solity, Wendy Best, Charles Hulme
BACKGROUND: Children's vocabulary knowledge is closely related to other measures of language development and to literacy skills and educational attainment. AIM: To use a regression discontinuity design (RDD) to evaluate the effectiveness of a small-group vocabulary intervention programme for children with poor vocabulary knowledge. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The vocabulary knowledge of children (N = 199) aged 6-9 years was assessed in six classes...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Ashley Cameron, Kyla Hudson, Emma Finch, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Steven McPhail
BACKGROUND: Communication partner training (CPT) has been used to support communication partners to interact successfully with people with aphasia (PWA). Through successful CPT interaction PWA's accessibility to healthcare is notably improved. The present study sought to build on prior studies by investigating the experiences of individuals with aphasia and healthcare providers to ascertain what they deemed to be beneficial from CPT and what could be refined or improved, dependent on the setting and skill set of those participating...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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