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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

Lisa Furlong, Tanya Serry, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: Children with speech-sound disorders (SSD) constitute a significant proportion of speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) caseloads. Previous research has investigated the clinical practice of SLPs intervening with children with SSD; however, little is known about the clinical decision-making underpinning their practice. AIMS: The clinical decision-making of SLPs working with children with SSD was explored to understand how their clinical decisions were influenced by: (1) beliefs about what works in therapy; (2) prior clinical experience; and (3) client and service-related variables...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Madeleine Pritchard, Katerina Hilari, Naomi Cocks, Lucy Dipper
BACKGROUND: Discourse in adults with aphasia is increasingly the focus of assessment and therapy research. A broad range of measures is available to describe discourse, but very limited information is available on their psychometric properties. As a result, the quality of these measures is unknown, and there is very little evidence to motivate the choice of one measure over another. AIMS: To explore the quality of a range of discourse measures, targeting sentence structure, coherence, story structure and cohesion...
August 28, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Huey Fang Chang, Emma Power, Robyn O'Halloran, Abby Foster
BACKGROUND: Communication partners (CPs) find it challenging to communicate with people with communication disorders post-stroke. Stroke communication partner training (CPT) can enhance CPs' ability to support the communication and participation of people post-stroke. While evidence for the efficacy of aphasia-based CPT is strong, implementation in healthcare settings is unclear. AIMS: To investigate Australian speech pathologists' current stroke CPT practices, factors influencing the implementation of CPT and how reported practice compares with the research evidence...
August 27, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Neeltje P van den Bedem, Julie E Dockrell, Petra M van Alphen, Mark de Rooij, Andrea C Samson, Elina L Harjunen, Carolien Rieffe
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common in children with developmental language disorder (DLD). However, risk and protective factors contributing to these problems are currently underspecified. AIMS: The current longitudinal study examined the role of emotion-regulation (ER) strategies in the severity of depressive symptoms in children with and without DLD, taking into account the severity of communication problems of children with DLD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We followed clinically referred children with DLD (n = 114, 49% girls) and without DLD (n = 214, 58% girls) between the ages of 8 and 16 years across an 18-month period...
August 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Perrine Heymann, Jessie B Northrup, Kelsey L West, Meaghan V Parladé, Nina B Leezenbaum, Jana M Iverson
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that social communicative behaviours develop atypically during the second year in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study evaluated whether these behaviours also differed in the extent to which they were coordinated across modalities. AIMS: To measure joint attention behaviours (e.g., gaze shifts, gestures), vocalisations and their coordination among a cohort of infants with an older sibling with ASD (heightened risk-HR). METHODS & PROCEDURES: This prospective longitudinal study examined 50 HR infants at 14, 18 and 24 months...
August 5, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Tanya Eadie, Mara Kapsner-Smith, Susan Bolt, Cara Sauder, Kathryn Yorkston, Carolyn Baylor
BACKGROUND: Beyond the severity of voice, speech and language impairments, one potential predictor of communication success across adult populations with communication disorders may be perceived social support: the expectation that others will provide support if needed. Despite the preponderance of intervention approaches that assume a positive relationship between perceived social support and patient-reported communication success, the evidence base for these relationships is limited...
July 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Sara E Wood, Claire Timmins, Jennifer Wishart, William J Hardcastle, Joanne Cleland
BACKGROUND: Electropalatography (EPG) records details of the location and timing of tongue contacts with the hard palate during speech. It has been effective in treating articulation disorders that have failed to respond to conventional therapy approaches but, until now, its use with children and adolescents with intellectual/learning disabilities and speech disorders has been limited. AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of EPG in the treatment of speech production difficulties in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) aged 8-18 years...
July 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Jessica O Boyce, Nicky Kilpatrick, Sheena Reilly, Annette Da Costa, Angela T Morgan
BACKGROUND: Research investigating language skills in school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate is sparse. Past studies focus on younger populations, lack key comparisons to demographically matched control cohorts or explore language as a component of broader academic skills. Trends of existing studies suggest that affected children may perform at a lower level compared with typically developing peers. AIMS: To examine the receptive and expressive language skills of middle-school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (CLP) and cleft palate only (CP)...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Kirstine Shrubsole, Linda Worrall, Emma Power, Denise A O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Effective implementation strategies to improve speech and language therapists' (SLTs) aphasia management practices are needed. Australian SLTs working in the acute setting have reported inconsistent implementation of post-stroke aphasia guideline recommendations. Therefore, implementation efforts to address these gaps are necessary. However, little is known about the effectiveness of behaviour-change strategies in SLTs providing acute aphasia management. AIMS: This study designed and tested the feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of a tailored implementation strategy to improve acute SLTs' uptake of evidence in two areas of practice: aphasia-friendly information provision; and collaborative goal setting...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Natalie Hegarty, Jill Titterington, Sharynne McLeod, Laurence Taggart
BACKGROUND: Across the world, research has shown that intervention for children with phonological impairment can be both effective and efficient. However, it has also raised concerns about the translation of this evidence to practice, highlighting questions around clinician knowledge and the understanding of approaches, and the intensity of intervention provided within real-life clinical contexts. AIMS: To investigate the clinical management of phonological impairment by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the United Kingdom (UK)...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Felicity A S Bright, Nicola M Kayes, Kathryn M McPherson, Linda E Worrall
BACKGROUND: Engagement is commonly considered important in stroke rehabilitation, with some arguing it is essential for positive patient outcomes. An emerging body of research indicates the practitioner influences engagement through their ways of relating, communicating and working with the patient. People experiencing communication disability may face particular challenges with engagement as a practitioner's communication and interactional patterns may limit their ability to engage. AIMS: To understand how rehabilitation practitioners worked to engage people experiencing communication disability throughout the course of rehabilitation...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Jodie Smith, Tricia Eadie, Penny Levickis, Lesley Bretherton, Sharon Goldfeld
BACKGROUND: Parent-reported measures of early communication have limitations for use with infants experiencing adversity. Observational measures of early non-verbal and verbal communicative behaviours and mother-child turn-taking may provide a complementary method of capturing early communication skills for these children. AIMS: To explore the predictive validity of verbal and non-verbal behaviours and mother-child conversational turn-taking (fluency and connectedness) at child age 12 months in relation to language measures at 24 and 36 months in a cohort of infants experiencing adversity...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Katie Ekberg, Nerina Scarinci, Louise Hickson, Carly Meyer
BACKGROUND: Family-centred care (FCC) is recognized as best practice in the delivery of early intervention services for children with hearing loss (HL) and their families. However, there has been little research involving direct observation of family-centred communication practices in paediatric hearing habilitation appointments, which means little is currently known about how family members are involved within appointments, and how FCC is accomplished by health professionals through their interactions with families...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Hannah Dyson, Jonathan Solity, Wendy Best, Charles Hulme
BACKGROUND: Children's vocabulary knowledge is closely related to other measures of language development and to literacy skills and educational attainment. AIM: To use a regression discontinuity design (RDD) to evaluate the effectiveness of a small-group vocabulary intervention programme for children with poor vocabulary knowledge. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The vocabulary knowledge of children (N = 199) aged 6-9 years was assessed in six classes...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Ashley Cameron, Kyla Hudson, Emma Finch, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Steven McPhail
BACKGROUND: Communication partner training (CPT) has been used to support communication partners to interact successfully with people with aphasia (PWA). Through successful CPT interaction PWA's accessibility to healthcare is notably improved. The present study sought to build on prior studies by investigating the experiences of individuals with aphasia and healthcare providers to ascertain what they deemed to be beneficial from CPT and what could be refined or improved, dependent on the setting and skill set of those participating...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Anna Miles, Mary McFarlane, Samantha Scott, Alexandra Hunting
BACKGROUND: The modifications of fluid viscosity and/or volume are common strategies in dysphagia management, with increased viscosity or reduced volume intended to reduce aspiration. Little attention has been given to whether cough response to aspiration varies across different viscosities and volumes. AIMS: This prospective observational study investigated aspiration prevalence and cough response to aspiration in thin and thick fluids of two different volumes in patients referred for flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in an acute hospital setting...
September 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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July 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Eleanor Sugden, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, A Lynn Williams, Carol M Trivette
BACKGROUND: When planning evidence-based intervention services for children with phonology-based speech sound disorders (SSD), speech and language therapists (SLTs) need to integrate research evidence regarding service delivery and intervention intensity within their clinical practice. However, relatively little is known about the optimal intensity of phonological interventions and whether SLTs' services align with the research evidence. AIMS: The aims are twofold...
July 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
July 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Kazlin N Mason, Eshan Pua, Jamie L Perry
BACKGROUND: Posterior nasal fricatives are a learned compensatory articulation error and commonly substituted for oral fricatives. Treatment of such articulation errors requires the modification or teaching of skilled movements. A motor-based approach is designed to teach the complex motor skill movement sequences required in the production of sounds. Although motor learning research is well established, little has been done to determine how the approach changes the underlying physiology of articulatory movements...
July 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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