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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003629/engaging-people-experiencing-communication-disability-in-stroke-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#1
Felicity A S Bright, Nicola M Kayes, Kathryn M McPherson, Linda E Worrall
BACKGROUND: Engagement is commonly considered important in stroke rehabilitation, with some arguing it is essential for positive patient outcomes. An emerging body of research indicates the practitioner influences engagement through their ways of relating, communicating and working with the patient. People experiencing communication disability may face particular challenges with engagement as a practitioner's communication and interactional patterns may limit their ability to engage. AIMS: To understand how rehabilitation practitioners worked to engage people experiencing communication disability throughout the course of rehabilitation...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999217/predictive-validity-of-verbal-and-non-verbal-communication-and-mother-child-turn-taking-at-12-months-on-language-outcomes-at-24-and-36-months-in-a-cohort-of-infants-experiencing-adversity-a-preliminary-study
#2
Jodie Smith, Tricia Eadie, Penny Levickis, Lesley Bretherton, Sharon Goldfeld
BACKGROUND: Parent-reported measures of early communication have limitations for use with infants experiencing adversity. Observational measures of early non-verbal and verbal communicative behaviours and mother-child turn-taking may provide a complementary method of capturing early communication skills for these children. AIMS: To explore the predictive validity of verbal and non-verbal behaviours and mother-child conversational turn-taking (fluency and connectedness) at child age 12 months in relation to language measures at 24 and 36 months in a cohort of infants experiencing adversity...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968398/receptive-and-expressive-language-characteristics-of-school-aged-children-with-non-syndromic-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#3
Jessica O Boyce, Nicky Kilpatrick, Sheena Reilly, Annette Da Costa, Angela T Morgan
BACKGROUND: Research investigating language skills in school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate is sparse. Past studies focus on younger populations, lack key comparisons to demographically matched control cohorts or explore language as a component of broader academic skills. Trends of existing studies suggest that affected children may perform at a lower level compared with typically developing peers. AIMS: To examine the receptive and expressive language skills of middle-school-aged children with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (CLP) and cleft palate only (CP)...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938874/parent-directed-commentaries-during-children-s-hearing-habilitation-appointments-a-practice-in-family-centred-care
#4
Katie Ekberg, Nerina Scarinci, Louise Hickson, Carly Meyer
BACKGROUND: Family-centred care (FCC) is recognized as best practice in the delivery of early intervention services for children with hearing loss (HL) and their families. However, there has been little research involving direct observation of family-centred communication practices in paediatric hearing habilitation appointments, which means little is currently known about how family members are involved within appointments, and how FCC is accomplished by health professionals through their interactions with families...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923267/technology-enabled-management-of-communication-and-swallowing-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Deborah Theodoros, Danielle Aldridge, Anne J Hill, Trevor Russell
BACKGROUND: Communication and swallowing disorders are highly prevalent in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Maintenance of functional communication and swallowing over time is challenging for the person with PD and their families and may lead to social isolation and reduced quality of life if not addressed. Speech and language therapists (SLTs) face the conundrum of providing sustainable and flexible services to meet the changing needs of people with PD. Motor, cognitive and psychological issues associated with PD, medication regimens and dependency on others often impede attendance at a centre-based service...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900638/service-delivery-and-intervention-intensity-for-phonology-based-speech-sound-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Eleanor Sugden, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, A Lynn Williams, Carol M Trivette
BACKGROUND: When planning evidence-based intervention services for children with phonology-based speech sound disorders (SSD), speech and language therapists (SLTs) need to integrate research evidence regarding service delivery and intervention intensity within their clinical practice. However, relatively little is known about the optimal intensity of phonological interventions and whether SLTs' services align with the research evidence. AIMS: The aims are twofold...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877599/effectiveness-of-a-small-group-vocabulary-intervention-programme-evidence-from-a-regression-discontinuity-design
#7
Hannah Dyson, Jonathan Solity, Wendy Best, Charles Hulme
BACKGROUND: Children's vocabulary knowledge is closely related to other measures of language development and to literacy skills and educational attainment. AIM: To use a regression discontinuity design (RDD) to evaluate the effectiveness of a small-group vocabulary intervention programme for children with poor vocabulary knowledge. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The vocabulary knowledge of children (N = 199) aged 6-9 years was assessed in six classes...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873159/-i-kind-of-figured-it-out-the-views-and-experiences-of-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-in-using-social-media-self-determination-for-participation-and-inclusion-online
#8
Melissa Brunner, Stuart Palmer, Leanne Togher, Bronwyn Hemsley
BACKGROUND: Social media can support people with communication disability to access information, social participation and support. However, little is known about the experiences of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who use social media to determine their needs in relation to social media use. AIMS: To determine the views and experiences of adults with TBI and cognitive-communication disability on using social media, specifically: (1) the nature of their social media experience; (2) barriers and facilitators to successful use; and (3) strategies that enabled their use of social media...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873148/-i-ve-got-to-get-something-out-of-it-and-so-do-they-experiences-of-people-with-aphasia-and-university-students-participating-in-a-communication-partner-training-programme-for-healthcare-professionals
#9
Ashley Cameron, Kyla Hudson, Emma Finch, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Steven McPhail
BACKGROUND: Communication partner training (CPT) has been used to support communication partners to interact successfully with people with aphasia (PWA). Through successful CPT interaction PWA's accessibility to healthcare is notably improved. The present study sought to build on prior studies by investigating the experiences of individuals with aphasia and healthcare providers to ascertain what they deemed to be beneficial from CPT and what could be refined or improved, dependent on the setting and skill set of those participating...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845700/cough-response-to-aspiration-in-thin-and-thick-fluids-during-fees-in-hospitalized-inpatients
#10
Anna Miles, Mary McFarlane, Samantha Scott, Alexandra Hunting
BACKGROUND: The modifications of fluid viscosity and/or volume are common strategies in dysphagia management, with increased viscosity or reduced volume intended to reduce aspiration. Little attention has been given to whether cough response to aspiration varies across different viscosities and volumes. AIMS: This prospective observational study investigated aspiration prevalence and cough response to aspiration in thin and thick fluids of two different volumes in patients referred for flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in an acute hospital setting...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790243/identifying-language-impairment-in-bilingual-children-in-france-and-in-germany
#11
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781570/effect-of-motor-based-speech-intervention-on-articulatory-placement-in-the-treatment-of-a-posterior-nasal-fricative-a-preliminary-mri-study-on-a-single-subject
#12
Kazlin N Mason, Eshan Pua, Jamie L Perry
BACKGROUND: Posterior nasal fricatives are a learned compensatory articulation error and commonly substituted for oral fricatives. Treatment of such articulation errors requires the modification or teaching of skilled movements. A motor-based approach is designed to teach the complex motor skill movement sequences required in the production of sounds. Although motor learning research is well established, little has been done to determine how the approach changes the underlying physiology of articulatory movements...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781565/quality-of-life-and-swallowing-questionnaire-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-development-and-validation
#13
Juliana Garcia Diniz, Alfredo Carlos da Silva, Ana Caline Nóbrega
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) may exhibit some degree of change in swallowing dynamics during the course of the disease. These changes can affect their physical, functional and emotional quality of life. AIMS: To develop a quality of life and swallowing questionnaire for individuals with PD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The first version of the questionnaire comprised 29 items taken from the accounts of 50 patients treated over a 2-month period at Sarah Hospital in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781173/discourse-and-cognition-in-speakers-with-acquired-brain-injury-abi-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hill, Mary Claessen, Anne Whitworth, Mark Boyes, Roslyn Ward
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment, particularly of executive functioning, has been implicated in deficits in spoken discourse production following acquired brain injury (ABI). However, due to variation in the methodologies and heterogeneity of findings across studies, the nature and extent of this association is not well understood. AIMS: This review aims to synthesize the literature investigating associations between cognitive deficits and discourse impairment after ABI...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774624/what-does-it-take-to-stress-a-word-digital-manipulation-of-stress-markers-in-ataxic-dysarthria
#15
Anja Lowit, Tolulope Ijitona, Anja Kuschmann, Stephen Corson, John Soraghan
BACKGROUND: Stress production is important for effective communication, but this skill is frequently impaired in people with motor speech disorders. The literature reports successful treatment of these deficits in this population, thus highlighting the therapeutic potential of this area. However, no specific guidance is currently available to clinicians about whether any of the stress markers are more effective than others, to what degree they have to be manipulated, and whether strategies need to differ according to the underlying symptoms...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761598/the-effects-of-enactment-on-communicative-competence-in-aphasic-casual-conversation-a-functional-linguistic-perspective
#16
Rimke Groenewold, Elizabeth Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that speakers with aphasia rely on enactment more often than non-brain-damaged language users. Several studies have been conducted to explain this observed increase, demonstrating that spoken language containing enactment is easier to produce and is more engaging to the conversation partner. This paper describes the effects of the occurrence of enactment in casual conversation involving individuals with aphasia on its level of conversational assertiveness...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749688/effect-of-type-of-language-therapy-on-expressive-language-skills-in-patients-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#17
Jasmina Vuksanović, Tanja Milovanović, Ljubica Konstantinović, Saša R Filipović
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced (language) aphasia therapy (CIAT), based on constraint usage of the language channel only, massed practice and shaping through therapeutic language games, has been suggested as a more efficient therapy approach than traditional aphasia therapies. AIMS: To examine the comparative efficacy of CIAT and a traditional therapy approach on expressive language ability, with the intensity of therapy controlled and matched, in the treatment of post-stroke aphasia...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749112/technology-enhanced-writing-therapy-for-people-with-aphasia-results-of-a-quasi-randomized-waitlist-controlled-study
#18
Jane Marshall, Anna Caute, Katie Chadd, Madeline Cruice, Katie Monnelly, Stephanie Wilson, Celia Woolf
BACKGROUND: Acquired writing impairment, or dysgraphia, is common in aphasia. It affects both handwriting and typing, and may recover less well than other aphasic symptoms. Dysgraphia is an increasing priority for intervention, particularly for those wishing to participate in online written communication. Effective dysgraphia treatment studies have been reported, but many did not target, or did not achieve, improvements in functional writing. Functional outcomes might be promoted by therapies that exploit digital technologies, such as voice recognition and word prediction software...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696726/evidence-based-pathways-to-intervention-for-children-with-language-disorders
#19
Susan H Ebbels, Elspeth McCartney, Vicky Slonims, Julie E Dockrell, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND: Paediatric speech and language therapist (SLT) roles often involve planning individualized intervention for specific children, working collaboratively with families and education staff, providing advice, training and coaching and raising awareness. A tiered approach to service delivery is currently recommended whereby services become increasingly specialized and individualized for children with greater needs. AIMS: To stimulate discussion regarding delivery of SLT services by examining evidence regarding the effectiveness of (1) intervention for children with language disorders at different tiers and (2) SLT roles within these tiers; and to propose an evidence-based model of SLT service delivery and a flowchart to aid clinical decision-making...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691983/worddriver-1-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-app-supported-decoding-intervention-for-children-with-reading-impairment
#20
Antonette Seiler, Suze Leitão, Mara Blosfelds
BACKGROUND: Fluent word reading is a key characteristic of skilled reading, yet most children with reading disorders have impaired word-reading skills. Previous research has demonstrated that multi-component interventions targeting phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle are effective for children with reading disorders. However, about 25% of children fail to respond to these interventions. While it has been difficult to isolate the active ingredient, the findings of some studies suggest that tasks targeting phonological recoding and orthographic processing are essential elements in improving decoding...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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