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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714530/acoustic-changes-in-the-speech-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-following-an-intensive-program-of-dysarthria-therapy
#1
Lindsay Pennington, Eftychia Lombardo, Nick Steen, Nick Miller
BACKGROUND: The speech intelligibility of children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy has been observed to increase following therapy focusing on respiration and phonation. AIMS: To determine if speech intelligibility change following intervention is associated with change in acoustic measures of voice. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We recorded 16 young people with cerebral palsy and dysarthria (nine girls; mean age 14 years, SD = 2; nine spastic type, two dyskinetic, four mixed; one Worster-Drought) producing speech in two conditions (single words, connected speech) twice before and twice after therapy focusing on respiration, phonation and rate...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#2
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691260/semantic-fluency-in-deaf-children-who-use-spoken-and-signed-language-in-comparison-with-hearing-peers
#3
C R Marshall, A Jones, A Fastelli, J Atkinson, N Botting, G Morgan
BACKGROUND: Deafness has an adverse impact on children's ability to acquire spoken languages. Signed languages offer a more accessible input for deaf children, but because the vast majority are born to hearing parents who do not sign, their early exposure to sign language is limited. Deaf children as a whole are therefore at high risk of language delays. AIMS: We compared deaf and hearing children's performance on a semantic fluency task. Optimal performance on this task requires a systematic search of the mental lexicon, the retrieval of words within a subcategory and, when that subcategory is exhausted, switching to a new subcategory...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691196/the-comprehensibility-of-pantomimes-produced-by-people-with-aphasia
#4
Karin van Nispen, W M E Mieke, E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Emiel Krahmer
BACKGROUND: People with aphasia (PWA) use pantomime, gesture in absence of speech, differently from non-brain-damaged people (NBDP). AIMS: To evaluate through an exploratory study the comprehensibility of PWA's pantomimes and to find out whether they can compensate for information PWA are unable to convey in speech. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 273 naïve observers participated in one of two judgement tasks: forced-choice and open-ended questions...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691180/examining-the-association-between-language-expository-discourse-and-offending-behaviour-an-investigation-of-direction-strength-and-independence
#5
Thomas Hopkins, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association been investigated with particular reference to the expository discourse abilities of YOs on community orders in the UK. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the direction and strength of the association between language and offending behaviour by comparing the receptive and expressive language and expository discourse abilities of male and female YOs and non-offenders in the UK, relative to the confounds of social disadvantage, years of education attended and non-verbal IQ...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677236/the-test-of-masticating-and-swallowing-solids-tomass-reliability-validity-and-international-normative-data
#6
Maggie-Lee Huckabee, Theresa McIntosh, Laura Fuller, Morgan Curry, Paige Thomas, Margaret Walshe, Ellen McCague, Irene Battel, Dalia Nogueira, Ulrike Frank, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Oshrat Sella-Weiss
BACKGROUND: Clinical swallowing assessment is largely limited to qualitative assessment of behavioural observations. There are limited quantitative data that can be compared with a healthy population for identification of impairment. The Test of Masticating and Swallowing Solids (TOMASS) was developed as a quantitative assessment of solid bolus ingestion. AIMS: This research programme investigated test development indices and established normative data for the TOMASS to support translation to clinical dysphagia assessment...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627039/consensus-building-on-developing-dysphagia-competence-a-north-west-of-england-perspective
#7
Susan Guthrie, John Lancaster, Jois Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been an increasing area of practice for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for over 20 years, and throughout that period there has been debate about how practical skills in dysphagia can best be developed. The implementation of the new Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) framework was considered from a regional perspective seeking to establish consensus across different speech and language therapy settings. AIM: To explore practical solutions to the development of dysphagia competency in new graduates whilst acknowledging the wide variation in staffing and clinical dysphagia experience across the geographical and clinical landscape in the North West of England...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627034/brief-mindfulness-meditation-group-training-in-aphasia-exploring-attention-language-and-psychophysiological-outcomes
#8
Rebecca Shisler Marshall, Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Kim Love
BACKGROUND: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. AIMS: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching MM to individuals with aphasia. Since physiological measures have not been collected for those with aphasia, the study was also an exploration of the potential attention, language and physiological changes after MM in adults with aphasia during a brief, daily group training...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621083/metacognition-in-speech-and-language-therapy-for-children-with-social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-implications-for-a-theory-of-therapy
#9
Jacqueline Gaile, Catherine Adams
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is a significant component of complex interventions for children who have developmental language disorders. Research into how metacognition operates in the content or process of developmental language therapy delivery is limited. Identification and description of proposed active therapy components, such as metacognition, may contribute to our understanding of how to deliver complex communication interventions in an optimal manner. AIMS: To analyse aspects of metacognition during therapy derived from a manualized speech and language intervention (the Social Communication Intervention Programme-SCIP) as delivered to children who have social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD) and to examine the dynamic process of delivering therapy...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621030/plugging-the-patient-evidence-gap-what-patients-with-swallowing-disorders-post-stroke-say-about-thickened-liquids
#10
Arlene McCurtin, Chiara Healy, Linda Kelly, Fiona Murphy, Jean Ryan, Joanne Walsh
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia post-stroke is well known, with its presence increasing the risk of poor outcomes in particular aspiration and aspiration pneumonia. Management to minimize the risk of aspiration and improve swallow safety post-stroke includes the treatment of thickened liquids (TL), an established bolus modification intervention. Despite widespread use, there is a lack of robust empirical evidence and minimal patient evidence as to the experience and acceptability of using thickeners by people who experience dysphagia after a stroke...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621012/supporting-people-with-aphasia-to-settle-into-a-new-way-to-be-speech-and-language-therapists-views-on-providing-psychosocial-support
#11
Sarah Northcott, Alan Simpson, Becky Moss, Nafiso Ahmed, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND: People with aphasia are at risk of becoming depressed and isolated. Online surveys have found that the majority of speech and language therapists (SLTs) lack confidence in addressing the psychological needs of people with aphasia. AIMS: To explore how SLTs conceptualize the scope of their role; barriers and facilitators to SLTs addressing psychosocial needs; and SLTs' experiences of specialist training and support, and working with mental health professionals (MHPs)...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621001/early-vocabulary-development-in-children-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#12
Taina Välimaa, Sari Kunnari, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Eila Lonka
BACKGROUND: Children with unilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have delayed vocabulary development for an extended period after implantation. Bilateral cochlear implantation is reported to be associated with improved sound localization and enhanced speech perception in noise. This study proposed that bilateral implantation might also promote early vocabulary development. Knowledge regarding vocabulary growth and composition in children with bilateral CIs and factors associated with it may lead to improvements in the content of early speech and language intervention and family counselling...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620998/a-survey-of-speech-language-therapy-provision-for-people-with-post-stroke-dysarthria-in-the-uk
#13
Nick Miller, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: A large number of people who experience a stroke are affected by dysarthria. This may be in isolation or in association with aphasia and/or dysphagia. Despite evidence highlighting the psychological and social impact of having post-stroke dysarthria and a number of clinical guidelines that make recommendations for appropriate management, little is known currently about UK service delivery issues relating to speech and language therapy (SLT) assessment and treatment for this group...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#14
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593698/associations-between-expressive-and-receptive-language-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviours-in-a-community-based-prospective-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#15
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Fiona Mensah, Cristina McKean, Kylie Smith, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that language and social, emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are associated in children and adolescents. When these associations emerge and whether they differ by language or SEB difficulty profile is unclear. This knowledge is crucial to guide prevention and intervention programmes for children with language and SEB difficulties. AIMS: To determine whether receptive and expressive language skills are associated with internalizing and externalizing behaviours in slow-to-talk toddlers...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560776/spontaneous-language-production-of-italian-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-their-mothers-in-two-interactive-contexts
#16
Marinella Majorano, Laura Guidotti, Letizia Guerzoni, Alessandra Murri, Marika Morelli, Domenico Cuda, Manuela Lavelli
BACKGROUND: In recent years many studies have shown that the use of cochlear implants (CIs) improves children's skills in processing the auditory signal and, consequently, the development of both language comprehension and production. Nevertheless, many authors have also reported that the development of language skills in children with CIs is variable and influenced by individual factors (e.g., age at CI activation) and contextual aspects (e.g., maternal linguistic input). AIMS: To assess the characteristics of the spontaneous language production of Italian children with CIs, their mothers' input and the relationship between the two during shared book reading and semi-structured play...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560767/reviewing-the-quality-of-discourse-information-measures-in-aphasia
#17
REVIEW
Madeleine Pritchard, Katerina Hilari, Naomi Cocks, Lucy Dipper
BACKGROUND: Discourse is fundamental to everyday communication, and is an increasing focus of clinical assessment, intervention and research. Aphasia can affect the information a speaker communicates in discourse. Little is known about the psychometrics of the tools for measuring information in discourse, which means it is unclear whether these measures are of sufficient quality to be used as clinical outcome measures or diagnostic tools. AIMS: To profile the measures used to describe information in aphasic discourse, and to assess the quality of these measures against standard psychometric criteria...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470886/theory-of-mind-in-sli-revisited-links-with-syntax-comparisons-with-asd
#18
Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Anne Reboul
BACKGROUND: According to the linguistic determinism approach, knowledge of sentential complements such as: John says that the earth is flat plays a crucial role in theory of mind (ToM) development by providing a means to represent explicitly people's mental attitudes and beliefs. This approach predicts that mastery of complements determines successful belief reasoning across explicit ToM tasks, even low-verbal ones, and across populations. AIMS: (1) To investigate the link between a low-verbal ToM-task and complements in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), (2) To determine whether this population shows similar ToM performance to that of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or those with Typical Development (TD) once these groups are matched on competency for complements, (3) To explore whether complements conveying a falsehood without jeopardizing the veracity of the entire sentence, such as complements of verbs of communication, are more crucial for belief attribution than complements which do not have this property, namely complements of verbs of perception, (?John sees that the earth is flat)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#19
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
July 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558299/conversation-breakdowns-in-the-audiology-clinic-the-importance-of-mutual-gaze
#20
Katie Ekberg, Louise Hickson, Caitlin Grenness
BACKGROUND: Conversational breakdowns are a persistent concern for older adults with hearing impairment (HI). Previous studies in experimental settings have investigated potential causes of breakdowns in conversations with a person with HI, and effective strategies for repairing these breakdowns. However, little research has explored the causes of hearing-related communication breakdowns, and their repairs, in extended, naturally occurring conversations in a healthcare setting. AIMS: To analyse systematically instances of clients' initiations of repair within video-recorded initial audiology appointments, and to examine the interactional environment in which they occurred...
May 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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