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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790243/identifying-language-impairment-in-bilingual-children-in-france-and-in-germany
#1
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781570/effect-of-motor-based-speech-intervention-on-articulatory-placement-in-the-treatment-of-a-posterior-nasal-fricative-a-preliminary-mri-study-on-a-single-subject
#2
Kazlin N Mason, Eshan Pua, Jamie L Perry
BACKGROUND: Posterior nasal fricatives are a learned compensatory articulation error and commonly substituted for oral fricatives. Treatment of such articulation errors requires the modification or teaching of skilled movements. A motor-based approach is designed to teach the complex motor skill movement sequences required in the production of sounds. Although motor learning research is well established, little has been done to determine how the approach changes the underlying physiology of articulatory movements...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781565/quality-of-life-and-swallowing-questionnaire-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-development-and-validation
#3
Juliana Garcia Diniz, Alfredo Carlos da Silva, Ana Caline Nóbrega
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) may exhibit some degree of change in swallowing dynamics during the course of the disease. These changes can affect their physical, functional and emotional quality of life. AIMS: To develop a quality of life and swallowing questionnaire for individuals with PD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The first version of the questionnaire comprised 29 items taken from the accounts of 50 patients treated over a 2-month period at Sarah Hospital in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781173/discourse-and-cognition-in-speakers-with-acquired-brain-injury-abi-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hill, Mary Claessen, Anne Whitworth, Mark Boyes, Roslyn Ward
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment, particularly of executive functioning, has been implicated in deficits in spoken discourse production following acquired brain injury (ABI). However, due to variation in the methodologies and heterogeneity of findings across studies, the nature and extent of this association is not well understood. AIMS: This review aims to synthesize the literature investigating associations between cognitive deficits and discourse impairment after ABI...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774624/what-does-it-take-to-stress-a-word-digital-manipulation-of-stress-markers-in-ataxic-dysarthria
#5
Anja Lowit, Tolulope Ijitona, Anja Kuschmann, Stephen Corson, John Soraghan
BACKGROUND: Stress production is important for effective communication, but this skill is frequently impaired in people with motor speech disorders. The literature reports successful treatment of these deficits in this population, thus highlighting the therapeutic potential of this area. However, no specific guidance is currently available to clinicians about whether any of the stress markers are more effective than others, to what degree they have to be manipulated, and whether strategies need to differ according to the underlying symptoms...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761598/the-effects-of-enactment-on-communicative-competence-in-aphasic-casual-conversation-a-functional-linguistic-perspective
#6
Rimke Groenewold, Elizabeth Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that speakers with aphasia rely on enactment more often than non-brain-damaged language users. Several studies have been conducted to explain this observed increase, demonstrating that spoken language containing enactment is easier to produce and is more engaging to the conversation partner. This paper describes the effects of the occurrence of enactment in casual conversation involving individuals with aphasia on its level of conversational assertiveness...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749688/effect-of-type-of-language-therapy-on-expressive-language-skills-in-patients-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#7
Jasmina Vuksanović, Tanja Milovanović, Ljubica Konstantinović, Saša R Filipović
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced (language) aphasia therapy (CIAT), based on constraint usage of the language channel only, massed practice and shaping through therapeutic language games, has been suggested as a more efficient therapy approach than traditional aphasia therapies. AIMS: To examine the comparative efficacy of CIAT and a traditional therapy approach on expressive language ability, with the intensity of therapy controlled and matched, in the treatment of post-stroke aphasia...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749112/technology-enhanced-writing-therapy-for-people-with-aphasia-results-of-a-quasi-randomized-waitlist-controlled-study
#8
Jane Marshall, Anna Caute, Katie Chadd, Madeline Cruice, Katie Monnelly, Stephanie Wilson, Celia Woolf
BACKGROUND: Acquired writing impairment, or dysgraphia, is common in aphasia. It affects both handwriting and typing, and may recover less well than other aphasic symptoms. Dysgraphia is an increasing priority for intervention, particularly for those wishing to participate in online written communication. Effective dysgraphia treatment studies have been reported, but many did not target, or did not achieve, improvements in functional writing. Functional outcomes might be promoted by therapies that exploit digital technologies, such as voice recognition and word prediction software...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696726/evidence-based-pathways-to-intervention-for-children-with-language-disorders
#9
Susan H Ebbels, Elspeth McCartney, Vicky Slonims, Julie E Dockrell, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND: Paediatric speech and language therapist (SLT) roles often involve planning individualized intervention for specific children, working collaboratively with families and education staff, providing advice, training and coaching and raising awareness. A tiered approach to service delivery is currently recommended whereby services become increasingly specialized and individualized for children with greater needs. AIMS: To stimulate discussion regarding delivery of SLT services by examining evidence regarding the effectiveness of (1) intervention for children with language disorders at different tiers and (2) SLT roles within these tiers; and to propose an evidence-based model of SLT service delivery and a flowchart to aid clinical decision-making...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691983/worddriver-1-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-app-supported-decoding-intervention-for-children-with-reading-impairment
#10
Antonette Seiler, Suze Leitão, Mara Blosfelds
BACKGROUND: Fluent word reading is a key characteristic of skilled reading, yet most children with reading disorders have impaired word-reading skills. Previous research has demonstrated that multi-component interventions targeting phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle are effective for children with reading disorders. However, about 25% of children fail to respond to these interventions. While it has been difficult to isolate the active ingredient, the findings of some studies suggest that tasks targeting phonological recoding and orthographic processing are essential elements in improving decoding...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635742/morphosyntactic-abilities-of-toddlers-with-hearing-impairment-and-normal-hearing-evidence-from-a-sentence-repetition-task
#11
Rama Novogrodsky, Natalia Meir, Rachel Michael
BACKGROUND: While considerable research exists on morphosyntax of school-age children with hearing impairment (HI), little is known about development of morphosyntax at younger ages. Some studies show that young children with HI have a delay in language abilities compared with children with normal hearing (NH); conversely, other studies show evidence that they achieve age-appropriate language development. AIMS: To investigate whether characteristics of morphosyntactic development displayed by young children with HI are unique or whether they are similar to those of NH children...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577529/quality-of-life-in-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#12
Patricia Eadie, Laura Conway, Birgit Hallenstein, Fiona Mensah, Cristina McKean, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) is common in children, but little is known about its association with quality of life (QoL) in middle childhood. QoL is a complex construct, aligning with an individual's sense of well-being and is related to functional limitations associated with DLD. Biopsychosocial models of disability account for both the extent and functional limitations of the impairment; however, the DLD literature rarely reports on both aspects. Studies are required that detail QoL in children with and without DLD...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575355/family-aggregation-of-language-impairment-in-an-isolated-chilean-population-from-robinson-crusoe-island
#13
Zulema De Barbieri, María Angélica Fernández, Dianne F Newbury, Pía Villanueva
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the inhabitants of the Chilean Robinson Crusoe Island have an increased frequency of specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). AIMS: To explore the familial aggregation of DLD in this community. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We assessed the frequency of DLD amongst colonial children between the ages of 3 and 8;11 years (50 individuals from 45 nuclear families). Familial aggregation rates of language disorder were calculated by assessing all available first-degree relatives (n = 107, 77 parents, 25 siblings, five half-siblings) of the probands...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570913/children-with-cochlear-implants-in-infancy-predictors-of-early-vocabulary
#14
Edith L Bavin, Julia Sarant, Greg Leigh, Luke Prendergast, Peter Busby, Candida Peterson
BACKGROUND: Language outcomes for children with cochlear implants (CIs) vary widely, even for those implanted before 2 years of age. Identifying the main influencing factors that account for some of the variability is important in order to provide information to guide appropriate clinical and intervention services for young children with CIs. However, there is limited research focusing on the predictors of early vocabulary development for children implanted in infancy. AIMS: To identify significant predictors of vocabulary (12-15 months post-implant) for a sample of 33 children with CIs, the majority implanted between 6 and 10 months of age, drawing on predictors of vocabulary reported for children with normal hearing...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566298/impact-of-thermo-tactile-stimulation-on-the-speed-and-efficiency-of-swallowing-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Maria Schwarz, Elizabeth C Ward, Jane Ross, Adam Semciw
BACKGROUND: A delayed or absent swallow reflex is common in dysphagia and can have a significant impact on swallow safety. Recent clinical practice survey data have supported the fact that clinicians continue to use thermo-tactile stimulation (TTS) as a strategy to stimulate key nerve pathways and evoke a swallow reflex for patients with a delayed or absent swallow reflex. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of TTS as a compensatory and/or rehabilitative tool...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542236/what-form-does-informal-assessment-take-a-scoping-review-of-the-informal-assessment-literature-for-aphasia
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Thomson, Melanie Gee, Karen Sage, Traci Walker
BACKGROUND: Aphasia assessment is traditionally divided into formal and informal approaches. Informal assessment is useful in developing a rich understanding of the person with aphasia's performance, e.g., describing performance in the context of real-world activities, and exploring the impact of environmental and/or partner supports upon communication. However, defining 'informal assessment' is problematic and can result in clinical issues including idiosyncratic practices regarding why, when and how to apply informal assessment...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500847/cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-scenario-test-uk-for-people-with-aphasia
#17
Katerina Hilari, Lara Galante, Anneline Huck, Madeleine Pritchard, Lucy Allen, Lucy Dipper
BACKGROUND: This study explores the psychometric properties of The Scenario Test UK, a culturally adapted version of the Dutch original (The Scenario Test) developed by van der Meulen et al. in 2010, which evaluates functional, daily-life communication in aphasia. The Scenario Test assesses communication in an interactive context with a supportive communication partner. AIMS: To evaluate the reliability (internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability) and construct validity (convergent, discriminant and known-groups validity) of The Scenario Test UK...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488291/clinicians-views-of-the-training-use-and-maintenance-of-phonetic-transcription-in-speech-and-language-therapy
#18
Rachael-Anne Knight, Chandni Bandali, Clare Woodhead, Parul Vansadia
BACKGROUND: The critical role of phonetic transcription in the assessment, diagnosis and management of speech disorders is well established and thus pre-registration degrees dedicate numerous hours to phonetic training. However, this training is not always fully used in clinical work and clinicians may find it difficult to maintain their skills, suggesting a 'theory/practice gap'. AIMS: This paper surveys speech and language therapists' (SLTs) views of their training, practice and maintenance of transcription in order to investigate the posited theory/practice gap and to explore how education in phonetics is translated into practice...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460337/a-pilot-study-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-an-individualized-and-cognitive-behavioural-communication-intervention-for-informal-carers-of-people-with-dementia-the-talking-sense-programme
#19
Colin J Barnes, Chris Markham
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and family carers often experience difficulties communicating together. These difficulties are considered to contribute significantly to the depression, anxiety and negative feelings such as guilt often reported by dementia family carers. AIMS: To develop and contribute to the theory and evidence base for single-component, psychosocial interventions that address these difficulties by evaluating the effectiveness of the Talking Sense programme which was designed to reflect existing best evidence...
May 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288590/combined-electrical-stimulation-and-exercise-for-swallow-rehabilitation-post-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#20
Lise Sproson, Sue Pownall, Pam Enderby, Jenny Freeman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted posture, rather than direct physical rehabilitation of the swallowing function. Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a promising rehabilitation technology that can be used to stimulate swallowing; however, findings regarding efficacy have been conflicting...
March 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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