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Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

Yun He, Istabrak Hasan, Ludger Keilig, Dominik Fischer, Luisa Ziegler, Marcus Abboud, Gerhard Wahl, Christoph Bourauel
This study combines finite element method and animal studies, aiming to investigate tissue remodelling processes around dental implants inserted into sika deer antler and to develop an alternative animal consuming model for studying bone remodelling around implants. Implants were inserted in the antlers and loaded immediately via a self-developed loading device. After 3, 4, 5 and 6 weeks, implants and surrounding tissue were taken out. Specimens were scanned by μCT scanner and finite element models were generated...
April 16, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Michael A Samaan, Stacie I Ringleb, Sebastian Y Bawab, Eric K Greska, Joshua T Weinhandl
The effects of ACL-reconstruction on lower extremity joint mechanics during performance of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and Single Leg Hop (SLH) are limited. The purpose of this study was to determine if altered lower extremity mechanics occur during the SEBT and SLH after ACL-reconstruction. One female Division I collegiate athlete performed the SEBT and SLH tasks, bilaterally, both before ACL injury and 27 months after ACL-reconstruction. Maximal reach, hop distances, lower extremity joint kinematics and moments were compared between both time points...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Zhongkui Wang, Masamitsu Kido, Kan Imai, Kazuya Ikoma, Shinichi Hirai
Clinically in medializing calcaneal osteotomy (MCO), foot and ankle surgeons are facing difficulties in choosing appropriate surgical parameters due to the individual differences in deformities among flatfoot patients. Traditional cadaveric studies have provided important information regarding the biomechanical effects of tendons, ligaments, and plantar fascia, but limitations have been reached when dealing with individual differences and tailoring patient-specific surgeries. Therefore, this study aimed at implementing the finite element (FE) method to investigate the effect of different MCO parameters to help foot and ankle surgeons performing patient-specific surgeries...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Ori Hazan, Leonid Sternik, Dar Waiss, Michael Eldar, Oshrit Hoffer, Orly Goitein, Rafael Kuperstein, Eli Konen, Zehava Ovadia-Blechman
Invagination is an innovative technique for closing the left atrial appendage (LAA) to reduce the risk of thrombi formation. The influence of LAA invagination on the flow fields in the atria was investigated based on a computational fluid dynamics. The simulation results demonstrated that the novel invagination process can eliminate low velocities (blood stasis) and low shear rate and thus decrease the risk of thrombus formation during atrial fibrillation. This innovative technique may enhance the clinical treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation by improving the atrial flow field while lowering the risk of creating emboli...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
George P Huang, Hongtao Yu, Zifeng Yang, Ryan Schwieterman, Bryan Ludwig
One-dimensional (1D) simulation of the complete vascular network, so called THINkS (Total Human Intravascular Network Simulation) is developed to investigate changes of blood flow characteristics caused by the variation of CoW. THINkS contains 158 major veins, 85 major arteries, and 77 venous and 43 arterial junctions. THINkS is validated with available in vivo blood flow waveform data. The overall trends of flow rates in variations of the CoW, such as the missing anterior cerebral artery (missing-A1) or missing posterior cerebral artery (missing-P1), are confirmed by in vivo experimental data...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Léo Savonnet, Xuguang Wang, Sonia Duprey
Being seated for long periods, while part of many leisure or occupational activities, can lead to discomfort, pain and sometimes health issues. The impact of prolonged sitting on the body has been widely studied in the literature, with a large number of human-body finite element models developed to simulate sitting and assess seat-induced discomfort or to investigate the biomechanical factors involved. Here, we review the finite element models developed to investigate sitting discomfort or risk of pressure sores...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Prasannaah Hadagali, James R Peters, Sriram Balasubramanian
Personalized Finite Element (FE) models and hexahedral elements are preferred for biomechanical investigations. Feature-based multi-block methods are used to develop anatomically accurate personalized FE models with hexahedral mesh. It is tedious to manually construct multi-blocks for large number of geometries on an individual basis to develop personalized FE models. Mesh-morphing method mitigates the aforementioned tediousness in meshing personalized geometries every time, but leads to element warping and loss of geometrical data...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
M C Bisi, R Stagni
Movement complexity can be defined as the capability of using different strategies to accomplish a specific task and is expected to increase with maturation, reaching its highest level in adulthood.Multiscale Entropy (MSE) has been proposed to estimate complexity on different kinematic signals, at different time scales. When applied on trunk acceleration data during natural walking (NW) at different ages, MSE decreased from childhood to adulthood, apparently contradicting the premises. On the contrary, authors hypothesised that this decrease was dependent on the specific task analysed and resulted from the concurrent increase in gait automaticity...
March 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Mengchen Xu, Amy L Lerner, Paul D Funkenbusch, Ashutosh Richhariya, Geunyoung Yoon
The optical performance of the human cornea under intraocular pressure (IOP) is the result of complex material properties and their interactions. The measurement of the numerous material parameters that define this material behavior may be key in the refinement of patient-specific models. The goal of this study was to investigate the relative contribution of these parameters to the biomechanical and optical responses of human cornea predicted by a widely accepted anisotropic hyperelastic finite element model, with regional variations in the alignment of fibers...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
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February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Chao Wan, Zhixiu Hao
Graft tissues within bone tunnels remain mobile for a long time after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, whether the graft-tunnel friction affects the finite element (FE) simulation of the ACL reconstruction is still unclear. Four friction coefficients (from 0 to 0.3) were simulated in the ACL-reconstructed joint model as well as two loading levels of anterior tibial drawer. The graft-tunnel friction did not affect joint kinematics and the maximal principal strain of the graft. By contrast, both the relative graft-tunnel motion and equivalent strain for the bone tunnels were altered, which corresponded to different processes of graft-tunnel integration and bone remodeling, respectively...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Zhenjun Zhang, Guy R Fogel, Zhenhua Liao, Yitao Sun, Weiqiang Liu
Inappropriate lordotic angle of lumbar fusion cage could be associated with cage damage or subsidence. The biomechanical influence of cage lordotic angle on lumbar spine has not been fully investigated. Four surgical finite element models were constructed by inserting cages with various lordotic angles at L3-L4 disc space. The four motion modes were simulated. The range of motion (ROM) decreased with increased lordotic angle of cage in flexion, extension, and rotation, whereas it was not substantially changed in bending...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Andrew Post, Marshall Kendall, Janie Cournoyer, Clara Karton, R Anna Oeur, Lauren Dawson, T Blaine Hoshizaki
Concussion in American football is a prevalent concern. Research has been conducted examining frequencies, location, and thresholds for concussion from impacts. Little work has been done examining how impact location may affect risk of concussive injury. The purpose of this research was to examine how impact site on the helmet and type of impact, affects the risk of concussive injury as quantified using finite element modelling of the human head and brain. A linear impactor was used to impact a helmeted Hybrid III headform in several locations and using centric and non-centric impact vectors...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Francisco Sahli Costabal, Jiang Yao, Ellen Kuhl
A common but serious side effect of many drugs is torsades de pointes, a rhythm disorder that can have fatal consequences. Torsadogenic risk has traditionally been associated with blockage of a specific potassium channel and an increased recovery period in the electrocardiogram. However, the mechanisms that trigger torsades de pointes remain incompletely understood. Here we establish a computational model to explore how drug-induced effects propagate from the single channel, via the single cell, to the whole heart level...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Long Deng, Xueying Huang, Chun Yang, Yunhu Song, Dalin Tang
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is observed in 70% of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which occurs in about 1 of every 500 adults in the general population. It has been widely believed that the motion of the mitral valve, in particular, its systolic anterior motion (SAM), attributes significantly to such obstruction. For a better understanding of the mitral valve motion, a 3D patient-specific fluid-structure interaction model of the left ventricle from a patient with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy based on computed tomography (CT) scan images was proposed in this study...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Sayed Mohammad Ali Abtahi, Nima Jamshidi, Aram Ghaziasgar
The purpose of this simulation study was to analyze the effect of variation in Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthosis stiffness on the joint power and the energy cost of walking. The effect of contractile tissue was simulated using linear elastic spring and viscous dampers in knee and ankle joints. Then, joint angles, ground reaction force, were collected from Twenty chronic hemiparesis subjects (15 males and 5 females) and twenty control subjects (14 males and 6 females), and spring stiffness were considered as the inputs...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
A Muller, C Pontonnier, G Dumont
The present paper aims at presenting a fast and quasi-optimal method of muscle forces estimation: the MusIC method. It consists in interpolating a first estimation in a database generated offline thanks to a classical optimization problem, and then correcting it to respect the motion dynamics. Three different cost functions - two polynomial criteria and a min/max criterion - were tested on a planar musculoskeletal model. The MusIC method provides a computation frequency approximately 10 times higher compared to a classical optimization problem with a relative mean error of 4% on cost function evaluation...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Naomi Rosenberg, Anthony M J Bull
Bone responds to mechanical stimulus and a range of pre-existing finite element models have been suggested to reproduce the internal physiological structure of bone. Inflammation effects are not included in these models, yet inflammation is a key component of bone repair in trauma. Therefore, a model is proposed and tested here that extends these methods to include parameters that could be considered to represent the behaviour of bone remodelling when influenced by inflammation. The proposed model regulates remodelling based on findings from recent studies into the nature of heterotopic ossification, the formation of heterotopic bone, which have revealed information about the nature of bone after high levels of trauma...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Mohammadali Sharzehee, Seyed Saeid Khalafvand, Hai-Chao Han
Tortuous aneurysmal arteries are often associated with a higher risk of rupture but the mechanism remains unclear. The goal of this study was to analyze the buckling and post-buckling behaviors of aneurysmal arteries under pulsatile flow. To accomplish this goal, we analyzed the buckling behavior of model carotid and abdominal aorta with aneurysms by utilizing fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method with realistic waveforms boundary conditions. FSI simulations were done under steady-state and pulsatile flow for normal (1...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Emily L Bishop, Jessica C Küpper, Ingrid R Fjeld, Gregor Kuntze, Janet L Ronsky
Traditionally the FHA is calculated stepwise between data points (sFHA), requiring down sampling to achieve a sufficiently large step size to minimize error. This paper proposes an alternate FHA calculation approach (rFHA), using a unique reference position to reduce error associated with small rotation angles. This study demonstrated error reduction using the rFHA approach relative to the sFHA approach. Furthermore, the rFHA in the femur is defined at each time point providing a continuous representation of joint motion...
February 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
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