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Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465260/the-effect-of-knee-ankle-orthosis-stiffness-on-the-parameters-of-walking
#1
Seyedmohammad Abtahi, Nima Jamshidi, Aram Ghaziasgar
The purpose of this simulation study was to analyze the effect of variation in Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthosis stiffness on the joint power and the energy cost of walking. The effect of contractile tissue was simulated using linear elastic spring and viscous dampers in knee and ankle joints. Then, joint angles, ground reaction force, were collected from Twenty chronic hemiparesis subjects (15 males and 5 females) and twenty control subjects (14 males and 6 females), and spring stiffness were considered as the inputs...
February 21, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451014/the-music-method-a-fast-and-quasi-optimal-solution-to-the-muscle-forces-estimation-problem
#2
A Muller, C Pontonnier, G Dumont
The present paper aims at presenting a fast and quasi-optimal method of muscle forces estimation: the MusIC method. It consists in interpolating a first estimation in a database generated offline thanks to a classical optimization problem, and then correcting it to respect the motion dynamics. Three different cost functions - two polynomial criteria and a min/max criterion - were tested on a planar musculoskeletal model. The MusIC method provides a computation frequency approximately 10 times higher compared to a classical optimization problem with a relative mean error of 4% on cost function evaluation...
February 16, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451004/simulating-localised-cellular-inflammation-and-substrate-properties-in-a-strain-energy-density-based-bone-remodelling-algorithm-for-use-in-modelling-trauma
#3
Naomi Rosenberg, Anthony M J Bull
Bone responds to mechanical stimulus and a range of pre-existing finite element models have been suggested to reproduce the internal physiological structure of bone. Inflammation effects are not included in these models, yet inflammation is a key component of bone repair in trauma. Therefore, a model is proposed and tested here that extends these methods to include parameters that could be considered to represent the behaviour of bone remodelling when influenced by inflammation. The proposed model regulates remodelling based on findings from recent studies into the nature of heterotopic ossification, the formation of heterotopic bone, which have revealed information about the nature of bone after high levels of trauma...
February 16, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446991/fluid-structure-interaction-modeling-of-aneurysmal-arteries-under-steady-state-and-pulsatile-blood-flow-a-stability-analysis
#4
Mohammadali Sharzehee, Seyed Saeid Khalafvand, Hai-Chao Han
Tortuous aneurysmal arteries are often associated with a higher risk of rupture but the mechanism remains unclear. The goal of this study was to analyze the buckling and post-buckling behaviors of aneurysmal arteries under pulsatile flow. To accomplish this goal, we analyzed the buckling behavior of model carotid and abdominal aorta with aneurysms by utilizing fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method with realistic waveforms boundary conditions. FSI simulations were done under steady-state and pulsatile flow for normal (1...
February 15, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446974/error-reduction-in-the-finite-helical-axis-for-knee-kinematics
#5
Emily L Bishop, Jessica C Küpper, Ingrid R Fjeld, Gregor Kuntze, Janet L Ronsky
Traditionally the FHA is calculated stepwise between data points (sFHA), requiring down sampling to achieve a sufficiently large step size to minimize error. This paper proposes an alternate FHA calculation approach (rFHA), using a unique reference position to reduce error associated with small rotation angles. This study demonstrated error reduction using the rFHA approach relative to the sFHA approach. Furthermore, the rFHA in the femur is defined at each time point providing a continuous representation of joint motion...
February 15, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436874/the-influence-of-fiber-dispersion-on-the-mechanical-response-of-aortic-tissues-in-health-and-disease-a-computational-study
#6
Justyna A Niestrawska, Daniel Ch Haspinger, Gerhard A Holzapfel
Changes in the structural components of aortic tissues have been shown to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of aortic degeneration. Therefore, reliable stress analyses require a suitable and meaningful constitutive model that captures micro-structural changes. As recent data show, in-plane and out-of-plane collagen fiber dispersions vary significantly between healthy and aneurysmatic aortic walls. The aim of this study is to computationally investigate the influence of fiber dispersion on the mechanical response of aortic tissues in health and disease...
February 13, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419321/the-potential-role-of-variations-in-juvenile-hip-geometry-on-the-development-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-a-biomechanical-investigation
#7
Manuel da Silva Pinheiro, Catherine Dobson, Nicholas M Clarke, Michael Fagan
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is one of the most poorly understood diseases in paediatric orthopaedics. One common trait of LCP is the marked morphological difference between healthy and pathological hips, early deviations of which (i.e. prior to disease onset) have been suggested to lead to the overload and collapse of the epiphysis. Here, the impact of common variations in geometry is investigated with a finite element model of a juvenile femur under single leg standing and landing. Here, the impact of typical variations in geometry is investigated with a finite element model of a juvenile femur under single leg standing and landing...
February 8, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409345/a-three-dimensional-topology-optimization-model-for-tooth-root-morphology
#8
K-F Seitz, J Grabe, T Köhne
To obtain the root of a lower incisor through structural optimization, we used two methods: optimization with Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP) and Soft-Kill Option (SKO). The optimization was carried out in combination with a finite element analysis in Abaqus/Standard. The model geometry was based on cone-beam tomography scans of 10 adult males with healthy bone-tooth interface. Our results demonstrate that the optimization method using SIMP for minimum compliance could not adequately predict the actual root shape...
February 6, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388806/the-use-of-functionally-graded-dental-crowns-to-improve-biocompatibility-a-finite-element-analysis
#9
Mojtaba Mahmoudi, Ali Reza Saidi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour, Parviz Amini
In post-core crown restorations, the significant mismatch between stiffness of artificial crowns and dental tissues leads to stress concentration at the interfaces. The aim of the present study was to reduce the destructive stresses by using a class of inhomogeneous materials called functionally graded materials (FGMs). For the purpose of the study, a 3-dimentional computer model of a premolar tooth and its surrounding tissues were generated. A post-core crown restoration with various crown materials, homogenous and FGM materials, were simulated and analyzed by finite element method...
February 1, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383945/assessment-of-cortical-bone-fracture-resistance-curves-by-fusing-artificial-neural-networks-and-linear-regression
#10
Arso M Vukicevic, Gordana R Jovicic, Milos N Jovicic, Vladimir L Milicevic, Nenad D Filipovic
Bone injures (BI) represents one of the major health problems, together with cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Assessment of the risks associated with BI is nontrivial since fragility of human cortical bone is varying with age. Due to restrictions for performing experiments on humans, only a limited number of fracture resistance curves (R-curves) for particular ages have been reported in the literature. This study proposes a novel decision support system for the assessment of bone fracture resistance by fusing various artificial intelligence algorithms...
January 31, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380632/model-reduction-methodology-for-computational-simulations-of-endovascular-repair
#11
V A Acosta Santamaría, G Daniel, D Perrin, J N Albertini, E Rosset, S Avril
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a current alternative treatment for thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms, but is still sometimes compromised by possible complications such as device migration or endoleaks. In order to assist clinicians in preventing these complications, finite element analysis (FEA) is a promising tool. However, the strong material and geometrical nonlinearities added to the complex multiple contacts result in costly finite-element models. To reduce this computational cost, we establish here an alternative and systematic methodology to simplify the computational simulations of stent-grafts (SG) based on FEA...
January 30, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374973/sub-millimetre-accurate-human-hand-kinematics-from-surface-to-skeleton
#12
Jumana Ma'touq, Tingli Hu, Sami Haddadin
A highly accurate human hand kinematics model and identification are proposed. The model includes the five digits and the palm arc based on mapping function between surface landmarks and estimated joint centres of rotation. Model identification was experimentally performed using a motion tracking system. The evaluation of the marker position estimation error, which is on sub-millimetre level across all digits, underlines model quality and accuracy. Noticeably, with the development of this model, we were able to improve various modelling assumptions from literature and found a basic linear relationship between surface and skeleton rotational angles...
January 27, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334767/a-novel-adaptive-algorithm-for-3d-finite-element-analysis-to-model-extracortical-bone-growth
#13
Vee San Cheong, Gordon W Blunn, Melanie J Coathup, Paul Fromme
Extracortical bone growth with osseointegration of bone onto the shaft of massive bone tumour implants is an important clinical outcome for long-term implant survival. A new computational algorithm combining geometrical shape changes and bone adaptation in 3D Finite Element simulations has been developed, using a soft tissue envelope mesh, a novel concept of osteoconnectivity, and bone remodelling theory. The effects of varying the initial tissue density, spatial influence function and time step were investigated...
January 16, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334240/new-method-for-estimating-arterial-pulse-wave-velocity-at-single-site
#14
Khaled Ben Abdessalem, Patrice Flaud, Samir Zobaidi
The clinical importance of measuring local pulse wave velocity (PWV), has encouraged researchers to develop several local methods to estimate it. In this work, we proposed a new method, the sum-of-squares method [Formula: see text], that allows the estimations of PWV by using simultaneous measurements of blood pressure (P) and arterial diameter (D) at single-location. Pulse waveforms generated by: (1) two-dimensional (2D) fluid-structure interaction simulation (FSI) in a compliant tube, (2) one-dimensional (1D) model of 55 larger human systemic arteries and (3) experimental data were used to validate the new formula and evaluate several classical methods...
January 15, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327609/cross-bridge-mechanism-of-residual-force-enhancement-after-stretching-in-a-skeletal-muscle
#15
Youjiro Tamura
A muscle model that uses a modified Langevin equation with actomyosin potentials was used to describe the residual force enhancement after active stretching. Considering that the new model uses cross-bridge theory to describe the residual force enhancement, it is different from other models that use passive stretching elements. Residual force enhancement was simulated using a half sarcomere comprising 100 myosin molecules. In this paper, impulse is defined as the integral of an excess force from the steady isometric force over the time interval for which a stretch is applied...
January 12, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318899/influence-of-transmucosal-height-in-abutments-of-single-and-multiple-implant-supported-prostheses-a-non-linear-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis
#16
Eduardo Borie, Eduardo Leal, Iara Augusta Orsi, Carlos Salamanca, Fernando José Dias, Benjamin Weber
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of three different transmucosal heights of the abutments in single and multiple implant-supported prostheses through the finite element method. External hexagon implants, MicroUnit, and EsthetiCone abutments were scanned and placed in an edentulous maxillary model obtained from a tomography database. The simulations were divided into two groups: (1) one implant with 3.75 × 10 mm placed in the upper central incisor, simulating a single implant-supported fixed prosthesis with an EsthetiCone abutment; and (2) two implants with 3...
January 10, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318898/path-planning-for-minimally-invasive-knee-surgery-using-a-hybrid-optimization-procedure
#17
Adam Ciszkiewicz, Grzegorz Milewski
The aim of this study was to develop a procedure for medical tool path planning in minimally-invasive knee surgery. The collision-free paths for the tool were obtained using the control locations method with a hybrid optimization strategy. The tool and knee elements were described with surface meshes. The knee model allowed for bones displacement and variable incision size and location. The proposed procedure was proven to be effective in path planning for minimally-invasive surgery. It can serve as a valuable aid in surgery planning and may also be used in systems for autonomous or semi-autonomous knee surgery...
January 10, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271257/a-two-dimensional-numerical-study-of-peristaltic-contractions-in-obstructed-ureter-flows
#18
Z Najafi, B F Schwartz, A J Chandy, A M Mahajan
The flow of urine from the kidneys to the bladder is accomplished via peristaltic contractions in the ureters. The peristalsis of urine through the ureter can sometimes be accompanied, more specifically, obstructed to a certain degree, by entities such as kidney stones. In this paper, 2D axisymmetric computational fluid dynamics simulations are carried out using the commercial code ANSYS FLUENT[Formula: see text], to model the peristaltic movement of the ureter with and without stone. The peristaltic movement was assumed to be a sinusoidal wave on the boundary of the ureter with a specific physiological velocity...
December 22, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252005/a-finite-element-model-of-myocardial-infarction-using-a-composite-material-approach
#19
Seyyed M H Haddad, Abbas Samani
Computational models are effective tools to study cardiac mechanics under normal and pathological conditions. They can be used to gain insight into the physiology of the heart under these conditions while they are adaptable to computer assisted patient-specific clinical diagnosis and therapeutic procedures. Realistic cardiac mechanics models incorporate tissue active/passive response in conjunction with hyperelasticity and anisotropy. Conventional formulation of such models leads to mathematically-complex problems usually solved by custom-developed non-linear finite element (FE) codes...
December 18, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251991/numerical-identification-of-the-rupture-locations-in-patient-specific-abdominal-aortic-aneurysmsusing-hemodynamic-parameters
#20
Yue Qiu, Ding Yuan, Jun Wen, Yubo Fan, Tinghui Zheng
The rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is generally an unexpected event. Up to now, there is no agreement on an accurate criteria to predict the rupture risk of AAAs. This paper aims to numerically investigate the hemodynamics of three ruptured and one non-ruptured patient-specific AAA models to correlate local hemodynamic parameters with the rupture sites, and for the first time, this study introduced helicity as a potential index for the rupture potential of AAAs.3D reconstructions from CT scans were done...
December 18, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
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