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Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931419/limited-evidence-to-recommend-against-open-chest-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-blunt-trauma
#1
LETTER
Stefano Malinverni, Pierre Mols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923088/main-limitations-of-transpulmonary-thermodilution-set-targets
#2
LETTER
Manuel Sánchez-Sánchez, Eva Herrero, Lucia Cachafeiro, Eva Flores, Alexander Agrifoglio, Belén Civantos, Abelardo García-de-Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923087/effect-of-extended-visiting-hours-on-physician-distractions-in-the-icu-a-before-and-after-study
#3
LETTER
Kay Choong See, Xie Ying Song, Han Tun Aung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915905/accounting-for-single-center-effects-in-systematic-reviews-cannot-be-overlooked
#4
LETTER
Bruno Adler Maccagnan Pinheiro Besen, Marcelo Park, Antonio Paulo Nassar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899408/respiratory-support-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-an-expert-opinion
#5
REVIEW
Davide Chiumello, Laurent Brochard, John J Marini, Arthur S Slutsky, Jordi Mancebo, V Marco Ranieri, B Taylor Thompson, Laurent Papazian, Marcus J Schultz, Marcelo Amato, Luciano Gattinoni, Alain Mercat, Antonio Pesenti, Daniel Talmor, Jean-Louis Vincent
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common condition in intensive care unit patients and remains a major concern, with mortality rates of around 30-45% and considerable long-term morbidity. Respiratory support in these patients must be optimized to ensure adequate gas exchange while minimizing the risks of ventilator-induced lung injury. The aim of this expert opinion document is to review the available clinical evidence related to ventilator support and adjuvant therapies in order to provide evidence-based and experience-based clinical recommendations for the management of patients with ARDS...
September 12, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882170/prognostic-value-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratios-among-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#6
Chen-Fei Zheng, Wen-Yue Liu, Fang-Fang Zeng, Ming-Hua Zheng, Hong-Ying Shi, Ying Zhou, Jing-Ye Pan
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays an important role in the initiation and progression of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, evidence regarding the prognostic effect of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), a novel systemic inflammation marker, among patients with AKI is scarce. In this study, we investigated the value of the PLR in predicting the outcomes of critically ill patients with AKI. METHODS: Patient data were extracted from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care Database III version 1...
September 8, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882192/satisfaction-with-quality-of-icu-care-for-patients-and-families-the-euroq2-project
#7
Hanne Irene Jensen, Rik T Gerritsen, Matty Koopmans, Lois Downey, Ruth A Engelberg, J Randall Curtis, Peter E Spronk, Jan G Zijlstra, Helle Ørding
BACKGROUND: Families' perspectives are of great importance in evaluating quality of care in the intensive care unit (ICU). This Danish-Dutch study tested a European adaptation of the "Family Satisfaction in the ICU" (euroFS-ICU). The aim of the study was to examine assessments of satisfaction with care in a large cohort of Danish and Dutch family members and to examine the measurement characteristics of the euroFS-ICU. METHODS: Data were from 11 Danish and 10 Dutch ICUs and included family members of patients admitted to the ICU for 48 hours or more...
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882190/traversing-the-valley-of-glycemic-control-despair
#8
EDITORIAL
J Geoffrey Chase, Jennifer L Dickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882169/targeted-therapeutic-mild-hypercapnia-after-cardiac-arrest-a-part-of-the-bundle-of-care-for-mitigating-secondary-injury-after-cardiac-arrest
#9
LETTER
Romain Jouffroy, Benoît Vivien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877753/weekends-affect-mortality-risk-and-chance-of-discharge-in-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study-in-the-austrian-registry-for-intensive-care
#10
Paul Zajic, Peter Bauer, Andrew Rhodes, Rui Moreno, Tobias Fellinger, Barbara Metnitz, Faidra Stavropoulou, Martin Posch, Philipp G H Metnitz
BACKGROUND: In this study, we primarily investigated whether ICU admission or ICU stay at weekends (Saturday and Sunday) is associated with a different risk of ICU mortality or chance of ICU discharge than ICU admission or ICU stay on weekdays (Monday to Friday). Secondarily, we analysed whether weekend ICU admission or ICU stay influences risk of hospital mortality or chance of hospital discharge. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed for all adult patients admitted to 119 ICUs participating in the benchmarking project of the Austrian Centre for Documentation and Quality Assurance in Intensive Care (ASDI) between 2012 and 2015...
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877748/a-pilot-clinical-trial-of-recombinant-human-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
Akram Khan, Cody Benthin, Brian Zeno, Timothy E Albertson, John Boyd, Jason D Christie, Richard Hall, Germain Poirier, Juan J Ronco, Mark Tidswell, Kelly Hardes, William M Powley, Tracey J Wright, Sarah K Siederer, David A Fairman, David A Lipson, Andrew I Bayliffe, Aili L Lazaar
BACKGROUND: Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) signaling and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We postulated that repleting ACE2 using GSK2586881, a recombinant form of human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (rhACE2), could attenuate acute lung injury. METHODS: We conducted a two-part phase II trial comprising an open-label intrapatient dose escalation and a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase in ten intensive care units in North America...
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877705/loxapine-to-control-agitation-during-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation
#12
Stéphane Gaudry, Benjamin Sztrymf, Romain Sonneville, Bruno Megarbane, Guillaume Van Der Meersch, Dominique Vodovar, Yves Cohen, Jean-Damien Ricard, David Hajage, Laurence Salomon, Didier Dreyfuss
BACKGROUND: Weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV) may be impeded by the occurrence of agitation. Loxapine has the ability to control agitation without affecting spontaneous ventilation. The aim of this study was to establish whether loxapine would reduce MV weaning duration in agitated patients. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group, randomised trial. Patients who were potential candidates for weaning but exhibited agitation (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale score ≥ 2) after sedation withdrawal were randomly assigned to receive either loxapine or placebo...
September 6, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874206/variation-in-monitoring-and-treatment-policies-for-intracranial-hypertension-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-survey-in-66-neurotrauma-centers-participating-in-the-center-tbi-study
#13
Maryse C Cnossen, Jilske A Huijben, Mathieu van der Jagt, Victor Volovici, Thomas van Essen, Suzanne Polinder, David Nelson, Ari Ercole, Nino Stocchetti, Giuseppe Citerio, Wilco C Peul, Andrew I R Maas, David Menon, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester F Lingsma
BACKGROUND: No definitive evidence exists on how intracranial hypertension should be treated in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is therefore likely that centers and practitioners individually balance potential benefits and risks of different intracranial pressure (ICP) management strategies, resulting in practice variation. The aim of this study was to examine variation in monitoring and treatment policies for intracranial hypertension in patients with TBI. METHODS: A 29-item survey on ICP monitoring and treatment was developed on the basis of literature and expert opinion, and it was pilot-tested in 16 centers...
September 6, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874199/hydrolysed-protein-enteral-nutrition-is-not-superior-to-polymeric-whole-protein-feeding-with-regard-to-gastrointestinal-feeding-tolerance-and-feeding-adequacy
#14
LETTER
Arthur R H van Zanten, Gunnar Elke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874172/renal-replacement-therapy-after-cardiac-surgery-do-not-ask-when-ask-why
#15
LETTER
Stéphane Gaudry, David Hajage, Didier Dreyfuss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844205/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement-a-structured-review-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#16
REVIEW
Bernd Saugel, Thomas W L Scheeren, Jean-Louis Teboul
The use of ultrasound (US) has been proposed to reduce the number of complications and to increase the safety and quality of central venous catheter (CVC) placement. In this review, we describe the rationale for the use of US during CVC placement, the basic principles of this technique, and the current evidence and existing guidelines for its use. In addition, we recommend a structured approach for US-guided central venous access for clinical practice. Static and real-time US can be used to visualize the anatomy and patency of the target vein in a short-axis and a long-axis view...
August 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841893/the-role-of-nutritional-support-in-the-physical-and-functional-recovery-of-critically-ill-patients-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Danielle E Bear, Liesl Wandrag, Judith L Merriweather, Bronwen Connolly, Nicholas Hart, Michael P W Grocott
The lack of benefit from randomised controlled trials has resulted in significant controversy regarding the role of nutrition during critical illness in terms of long-term recovery and outcome. Although methodological caveats with a failure to adequately appreciate biological mechanisms may explain these disappointing results, it must be acknowledged that nutritional support during early critical illness, when considered alone, may have limited long-term functional impact.This narrative review focuses specifically on recent clinical trials and evaluates the impact of nutrition during critical illness on long-term physical and functional recovery...
August 26, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841888/immunosuppression-and-herpes-viral-reactivation-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#18
EDITORIAL
Julien Textoris, François Mallet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841902/markers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-sepsis-the-role-of-soluble-thrombomodulin
#19
Shinshu Katayama, Shin Nunomiya, Kansuke Koyama, Masahiko Wada, Toshitaka Koinuma, Yuya Goto, Ken Tonai, Jun Shima
BACKGROUND: Endothelial activation and damage occur early during sepsis, with activated coagulopathy and playing a major role in the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to compare the various biomarkers of endothelial injury with the biomarkers of coagulation and inflammation and to determine a significant predictor of AKI in patients with sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective, observational study on patients with sepsis fulfilling the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock criteria admitted to an adult intensive care unit (ICU) at a university hospital from June 2011 to December 2016...
August 25, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841896/a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-methods-to-differentiate-acute-lung-injury-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-from-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema
#20
Kosaku Komiya, Tomohiro Akaba, Yuji Kozaki, Jun-Ichi Kadota, Bruce K Rubin
BACKGROUND: Discriminating acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) from cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) is often challenging. This systematic review examines studies using biomarkers or images to distinguish ALI/ARDS from CPE. METHODS: Three investigators independently identified studies designed to distinguish ALI/ARDS from CPE in adults. Studies were identified from PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials database until July 3, 2017...
August 25, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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