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Die Pharmazie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724300/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-ramucirumab-in-japanese-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer
#1
M Iwai, D Ito, H Asano, S Adachi, K Okada, M Kimura, E Usami, K Matsuo, T Yoshimura, H Teramachi
As a result of the RAINBOW trial, ramucirumab plus paclitaxel was established as a second-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer. Regarding the safety of ramucirumab plus paclitaxel in the Japanese, a subgroup analysis of the RAINBOW trial was conducted. The incidence of neutropenia was higher in Japanese patients. However, information is lacking concerning the safety of ramucirumab after marketing in Japanese patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of ramucirumab in Japanese patients with advanced gastric cancer...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724299/comparison-of-antiemetic-effects-of-granisetron-and-palonosetron-in-patients-receiving-bendamustine-based-chemotherapy
#2
M Uchida, T Nakamura, Y Makihara, K Suetsugu, H Ikesue, Y Mori, K Kato, M Shiratsuchi, K Hosohata, T Miyamoto, K Akashi
The antiemetic effects and safety of granisetron and palonosetron against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) were retrospectively evaluated in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma receiving bendamustine-based chemotherapy. A total of 61 patients were eligible for this study. Before starting the bendamustine-based chemotherapy, granisetron or palonosetron were intravenously administered with or without aprepitant and/or dexamethasone. The proportions of patients with complete control (CC) during the overall (during the 6 days after the start of the chemotherapy), acute (up to 2 days), and delayed (3 to 6 days) phases were assessed...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724298/inhibitory-effect-of-berberine-from-coptidis-rhizoma-on-melanin-synthesis-of-murine-malignant-melanoma
#3
Yonghwa Lee, Lichao Liu, Yongsub Yi
Berberine has abundant beneficial properties including anti-cancer effects. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of berberine on α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-induced melanogenesis in B16F1 melanoma cells. The results showed that berberine decreased the expression of tyrosinase and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in a dose-dependent manner. In order to observe the potential target for the inhibitory effect of berberine, we examined the effect of berberine on TRP-1 and TRP-2...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724297/ibrutinib-improves-the-development-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-by-activating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-cell-death
#4
Zhaohui Li, Jia Wu, Lei Sheng
The current study mainly aims to evaluate the effects of ibrutinib on endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-induced apoptosis in Reh cells, which may shed light on the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) among children. In line with previous studies, our data show that ibrutinib significantly suppressed Reh cell viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. We further evaluated the role of ibrutinib on Reh cell colony formation and apoptosis. Ibrutinib inhibited clonogenic capacity and induced Reh cell apoptosis, suggesting an anti-tumor effects of ibrutinib in the progression of ALL...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724296/identification-of-gene-modules-associated-with-warfarin-dosage-by-a-genome-wide-dna-methylation-study
#5
Zhiying Luo, Rong Liu, Bao Sun, Xinming Zhou, Zhaoqian Liu, Honghao Zhou, Heng Xu, Xi Li, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To identify warfarin dose-associated DNA methylation changes, we conducted the first genomewide DNA methylation association study. METHOD: A total of 22 patients who required an extreme warfarin dosage from VKORC1 -1639AA & CYP2C9*1*1 genotype group were enrolled in this study. The Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 platform was used to perform genome-scale DNA methylation profiling, identifying differentially methylated CpG sites by a nonparametric test...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724295/jtc-801-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-ovarian-cancer-cell-skov3-through-inhibition-of-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#6
Jun-Xia Li, Yan-Ping Bi, Jing Wang, Xue Yang, Yan-Fang Tian, Zhong-Fang Sun
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the commonest cause of gynaecological cancer-associated death because of the wide metastasis and frequent recidivation. JTC-801 is a new synthetic compound with the function of reversing pain and anxiety symptoms as a selective opioid receptor-like1 receptor (belonging to the G-protein-coupled receptor) antagonist. We investigated the role and possible mechanisms of JTC-801 in the cell growth and metastasis of OC. It was observed that JTC-801 inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of cancer in SKOV3 cells...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724294/abcc2-rs2273697-is-associated-with-valproic-acid-concentrations-in-patients-with-epilepsy-on-valproic-acid-monotherapy
#7
Juan Chen, Qi-Biao Su, Yu-Qian Tao, Jia-Ming Qin, Yi Zhou, Shan Zhou, Hong-Liang Li, Zhuo-Jia Chen, Ya-Fang Zhou, Lie-Min Zhou, Xue-Ding Wang, Min Huang
Valproic acid (VPA), a widely used antiepileptic drug, is characterized by intensive inter-individual variability in concentration. Both efflux and influx transporters are reported to play important roles in the disposition of VPA, however, no comprehensive investigation into the association of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in ABC/SLC families with VPA concentration are reported. In the present study, we investigated the association of 12 SNPs in ABCC2, ABCC4, ABCG2, MCT1, MCT2, and OATP2B1 in 187 Chinese patients with epilepsy on VPA monotherapy with the trough concentrations of VPA...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724293/plasma-preptin-levels-are-decreased-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension
#8
Huaiqiu Cai, Qingan Liu, Xiaoqiu Dong, Yawen Cai, Jinlai Yao, Yue Liu
The pancreatic hormone preptin amplifies glucose-mediated insulin secretion, and we investigated its circulating levels in patients with essential hypertension and possible association with carotid atherosclerosis. Ninety-eight patients were divided into hypertensive and control groups. Relationships between plasma preptin levels, clinical parameters, and carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) were analyzed. Plasma preptin levels were significantly lower in the hypertensive group than in the control group (1930...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724292/arginine-methyltransferase-inhibitor-1-exhibits-antitumor-effects-against-cervical-cancer-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Shu-Hong Dong, Xing Wang, San-Chun Tian, Neng-Qian Ma, Xin-Yang Zhang, Yapeng Liu, Bao-Lai Zhang, Yong-Jie Wu
Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), a type II PRMT, is highly expressed in several types of tumors including cervical cancer. Arginine methyltransferase inhibitor 1 (AMI-1) inhibits solid tumors by targeting PRMT5. However, the effect of AMI-1 on cervical cancer is still unknown. In this study, we provided the first evidence that AMI-1 reduced cervical cancer cell proliferation, colony formation and promoted cell apoptosis in vitro. Suppression of tumorigenicity was also confirmed in vivo. Mechanistic studies revealed that AMI-1 significantly reduced PRMT5 level in cells and mice xenografts model of cervical cancer...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724291/comparison-of-two-dosages-of-rabbit-antithymocyte-globulin-r-atg-in-treating-children-with-severe-aplastic-anemia
#10
Shao-Fen Lin, Su Liu, Hong-Man Xue, Jun-Bin Huang, Jian Wang, Qi-Hui Chen, Bi-Hong Zhang, Chun Chen
In this study, efficacy and safety of two different dosages of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG) combined with cyclosporine (CsA) in treating children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) were compared. The clinical data of 122 SAA children treated by r-ATG/CsA between Jan 2005 and Jan 2017 at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were retrospectively analyzed. The r-ATG dose of 55 cases was 2.5mg/(kg·d, group 1), and in the other 67 cases it was 3.5 mg/(kg·d, group 2). r-ATG was continuously administered for 5 days...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724290/determination-of-the-contamination-by-azole-antimycotics-in-hospital-and-house-sewage-a-pilot-project-for-the-city-of-dresden
#11
H Knoth, S Ihme, R Oertel, A Matthes, C Ritter
Medicininal compounds and their metabolites are known to end up in sewerage and may slip through the cleaning process. Azole antimycotics are frequently used in hospitals, in particular for patients with cancer or immunosuppression. The aim of the study was to determine whether measurable azole antimycotic concentrations were introducted in the sewarage drain of an acute care hospital with special interest in oncology and hematology and the extent of removal of antimycotics by the sewerage treatment plant. For this, the concentrations of three commonly used azole antimycotics were measured in the effluent of the sewerage drain at the University Hospital Dresden, as well as in the influent and effluent of the main sewerage treatment plant of the city...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724289/methods-to-control-anticancer-chemotherapy-preparations-ranked-by-risk-analysis
#12
M Savelli, M Roche, C Curti, C Bornet, P Rathelot, M Montana, P Vanelle
The observed increase in cancer led to a continuous rise in anticancer drug preparations in Hospital Centres. The quality and security of these preparations are essential to ensure the efficacy and to limit the risk of iatrogenic toxicity. Several methods have been described to secure the process of preparation (i.e. non-analytical methods for the control during the fabrication; analytical methods for the final product evaluation). These different methods have been presented in many studies, in particular in descriptive studies, but in practice, selecting a method is difficult and related to needs and hospital priorities...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609694/karl-blumenreuter-1881-1969-himmler-s-chief-pharmacist-and-medical-supply-quartermaster-of-the-ss
#13
M Schmidt, D Gross, J Westemeier
The present article elucidates the role and function of SS Gruppenführer Karl Blumenreuter (1881-1969), the leading pharmacist of the SS. The aim is to clarify how he participated in the crimes of the Nazi Party and especially the SS during the "Third Reich" and the extent to which he was brought to justice after 1945. Central elements of the study are based on researched archival primary sources. The latter were compared with each other and supplemented with the currently available secondary literature on the subject...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609693/a-coumarin-with-an-unusual-structure-from-cuphea-ignea-its-cytotoxicity-and-antioxidant-activities
#14
E S Moustafa, N F Swilam, O B Ghanem, A N Hashim, M A Nawwar, U Lindequist, M W Linscheid
Phenolic metabolite profiling using two dimensional paper chromatographic analysis (2 DPC) was used for assaying the complex mixture of phenolics of an aqueous ethanol aerial part extract of Cuphea ignea (Lytheraceae). A coumarin with a rare structure, namely, 7-hydroxy 3-methoxy coumarin 5-O-β-glucopyranoside was isolated from the investigated extract. The structure was elucidated by conventional methods and spectral analysis, including one and two dimensional NMR (1D and 2D NMR), as well as by interpretation of the spectra obtained by high resolution electrospray ionization mass technique (HRESIMS)...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609692/controllable-vitamin-k-deficiency-under-high-dose-oral-menatetrenone-administration-a-case-report
#15
E Usami, M Kimura, K Furukawa, H Teramachi, T Yoshimura
Vitamin (V) K deficiency may cause severe bleeding tendencies, which necessitates extreme caution. We report a case of a 30-year-old man diagnosed with VK deficiency of unknown etiology. He was treated with intravenous menatetrenone three times a week in an outpatient setting for about 1 year and 9 months. Eventually, he developed an allergic reaction to intravenous menatetrenone and was under steroid therapy. In order to reduce his hospital visits and discontinue steroid use, the pharmacist proposed to change the method of menatetrenone administration from intravenous to oral (high dose)...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609691/chrysophanol-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-and-inflammation-in-neonatal-rats
#16
Jie Zhang, Hua Kang, Lifang Wang, Xiaoyan Zhao
Chrysophanol is a member of the anthraquinone family abundant in rhubarb, a widely used herb for obesity treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Though several studies have indicated numerous features of chrysophanol, no study has yet reported the effect of chrysophanol on juvenile obesity. In this study, we tried to identify the anti-obesity effects of chrysophanol by using high-fat diet (HFD)-induced rats as in vivo models. In HFD rats, chrysophanol treatment decreased body weight, blood glucose and the blood level of triglyceride (TG), and enhanced the level of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609690/efficacy-of-entecavir-based-rescue-therapy-in-lamivudine-resistant-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-in-china-a-retrospective-study
#17
Wei Li, Linhai Wang, Yanhong Liu, Yan Li, Shirong Yu
Limited studies have investigated the antiviral efficacy of entecavir (ETV)-based rescue therapy in lamivudine (LAM)-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of entecavir (ETV) monotherapy versus ETV-tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) combination therapy in 220 LAM-resistant CHB patients. Among 220 patients, 114 patients were treated with ETV monotherapy and 106 were treated with ETV-TDF combination therapy for at least 24 months. There were no significant differences between the two groups in baseline characteristics...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609689/regorafenib-delays-the-proliferation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-inducing-autophagy
#18
Rui Han, Shixin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of regorafenib on hepatocellular carcinoma autophagy, thereby supressing the malignancy of HCC. First, HepG2 and Hep3B cell autophagy was investigated using GFP-LC3 transfection after the treatment of regorafenib. Then, the activation of Akt/mTOR signaling was analyzed using western blot. Our data showed that liver cancer cell autophagy was significantly induced by 20 μM regorafenib using GFP-LC3 transfection. Meanwhile, regorafenib-induced cell death could largely be abolished by 3-MA or CQ treatment, suggesting that regorafenib-induced HepG2 cell death was partially dependent on autophagy...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609688/pdx1-transfection-induces-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-differentiation-into-islet-like-cells-what-is-the-benefit-for-diabetic-rats
#19
Jian Gao, Yue Yuan, Yuqing Chen
In this study, we observed the differentiation potential of human ADMSCs (hADMSCs) into functional islet-like cells and the therapeutic effect of hADMSCs transplantation in diabetic rats. Firstly, the PDX1 gene was transfected into hADMSCs by an adenovirus. Cell differentiation and insulin secretion were identified and detected by dithizone staining and ELISA, respectively. Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (n=4), diabetes group (n=8) and transplantation group (n=8). Rats in the latter two groups were subjected to making diabetic models by 65 mg/kg streptozotocin injection...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609687/safranal-carried-by-nanostructured-lipid-vehicles-inhibits-generalized-epilepsy-in-mice
#20
Liu Bo-Qiang, Zhang Si-Tong, Lin Zu-Yuan, Nie Wan-Yun, Chen Bin, Lu Yuan, Li Xuyun, Mao Liangen, Chen You-Chao, Yin Xin-Zhen, Chen Zhong, Ying Xiao-Ying, Hu Wei-Wei
Safranal, a main component of Crocus sativus, is suggested to have neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of safranal and nanostructured lipid vehicle (NLV) carried safranal in acute and chronic experimental mice models of epilepsy. In PILO acute seizure model, safranal dose-dependently extended latency to generalized seizure, decreased the highest seizure stages and the number of generalized seizures. Moreover, NLV carried safranal further enhanced the anti-seizure effect, which is comparable to the action of sodium valproate...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
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