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Health (London)

Sarah Van den Bogaert, Melissa Ceuterick, Piet Bracke
Contemporary ageing discourses and policies perceive being active as the key to a good later life and thereby focus on individual responsibility and self-care. Drawing on website articles and press releases of Belgian sickness fund agencies, this study analyses the ageing discourses and positioning of ageing persons of these organisations. A discourse analysis was performed using positioning theory to analyse how sickness fund agencies discursively construct the ageing process and position ageing persons, and to investigate how these positioning acts are related to sickness fund agencies' roles as social insurer, social movement, social entrepreneur and private insurer...
September 12, 2018: Health (London)
Christine Øye, Frode F Jacobsen
Use of restraint in nursing homes is highly controversial and fundamentally transgresses human rights and freedom of movement and choice. While different forms of formal restraint use in nursing homes are broadly delineated, the use of informal restraint is less understood. The aim of this article is to identify different kinds of informal restraint, and how staff use informal restraint under which circumstances. This article illuminates informal restraint use based on an ethnographic study in four nursing homes in the Western part of Norway...
September 12, 2018: Health (London)
Natasja Kingod
Danish adults with type 1 diabetes value peer-to-peer interaction through the social media platform Facebook as a way to quickly exchange knowledge on essential everyday self-care for chronic illness. In this praxiographic study, following informants into online and offline social dimensions, I explore how they use Facebook to exchange self-care knowledge based on practical experiments and negotiations between bodies, technologies and daily lives. When in doubt about how to self-care on a daily basis, Danish adults with type 1 diabetes look to Facebook for inspiration and peer support...
September 12, 2018: Health (London)
Rick Iedema, Christine Jorm, Claire Hooker, Su-Yin Hor, Mary Wyer, Gwendolyn L Gilbert
This article reports on a study of clinicians' responses to footage of their enactments of infection prevention and control. The study's approach was to elicit clinicians' reflections on and clarifications about the connections among infection control activities and infection control rules, taking into account their awareness, interpretation and in situ application of those rules. The findings of the study are that clinicians responded to footage of their own infection prevention and control practices by articulating previously unheeded tensions and constraints including infection control rules that were incomplete, undergoing change, and conflicting; material obstructions limiting infection control efforts; and habituated and divergent rule enactments and rule interpretations that were problematic but disregarded...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Sandra Gotovac, Andrea LaMarre, Kathryn Lafreniere
In current public health discourse, obesity is conceptualized as a disease epidemic, with treatment being weight loss. The pursuit of weight loss as a treatment for the "disease" of obesity is in direct contradiction to the history of research in eating disorders, which has demonstrated the risks for the development of eating disorders. In this study, we critically examined the eating disorder literature to explore this contradiction. We analyzed 30 of the top-cited articles in the eating disorder literature between 1994 and 2011, asking: how is the concept of obesity examined in eating disorder research? We identified tensions related to body mass index and the perceived associated risks of lower or higher body mass index, assumptions of the "causes" of fatness (i...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Caroline Bendall, Laura McGrath
Improving Access to Psychological Therapies has lead to a huge increase in the delivery of psychological therapy within the United Kingdom over the past 10 years. Central to the culture of Improving Access to Psychological Therapies is outcome monitoring, brought into every therapeutic encounter through the compulsory collection of the minimum data set in each session. This article explores the role of compulsory outcome monitoring in service users' experiences of using Improving Access to Psychological Therapies, with a focus on how these forms are folded into distress, therapy and recovery...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Lill Susann Ynnesdal Haugen, Vegard Haugland, Andreas Envy, Marit Borg, Tor-Johan Ekeland, Norman Anderssen
Research on the topic of not talking about psychosocial hardships describes the presence of 'house rules' against illness-talk in common areas in 'meeting places' ('day centres') in community mental health care. The aim of this article was to explore the complexity of not talking about psychosocial hardships ('silence') in meeting places in Norwegian community mental health care. The research team consisted of first-hand and academic knowers of community mental health care (participatory research team). We performed two series of focus group discussions with service users and staff of meeting places...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Silje Vagli Østbye, Maria Fredriksen Kvamme, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson Wang, Hanne Haavind, Trond Waage, Mette Bech Risør
Persistent medically unexplained symptoms have debilitating consequences for adolescents, dramatically altering their social world and future aspirations. Few studies have focused on social and moral aspects of illness experience relevant to adolescents. In this study, the aim is to explore these aspects in depth by focusing on a single case and to address how young people attempt to create social accountability in a search for meaning when facing illness and adversity. The study is based on a view of meaning as dialogically constituted during the research process, which calls for the use of collaborative film methodology and life-mode interviewing...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Nicky Hudson, Caroline Law, Lorraine Culley, Helene Mitchell, Elaine Denny, Nick Raine-Fenning
Despite a growing literature on the value of relational data in studies of social phenomena, individuals still commonly constitute the basic unit of analysis in qualitative research. Methodological aspects of interviewing couples, particularly interviewing partners separately, and of conducting dyadic analysis have received scant attention. This article describes the experience of conducting separate interviews with both partners in 22 heterosexual couples (n = 44) in a study of the impact of the gynaecological condition endometriosis...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Marjaana Jones, Ilkka Pietilä
Peer support workers are now working with patients in a variety of settings, coming into close contact and even work alongside health professionals. Despite the potentially influential position peer support workers hold in relation to those engaged in support activities, their role, duties and their relationship to peers and health professionals lack clarity and is often defined by other actors. This study explores how peer support workers interpret and define the activities, responsibilities and knowledge associated with their work...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Susan McPherson, Felicitas Rost, Sukhjit Sidhu, Maxine Dennis
Randomised controlled trials form a central building block within the prevailing evidence-based mental health paradigm. Both methodology and paradigm have been widely problematised since their emergence in the mid-late twentieth century. We draw on the concept of 'strategic ignorance' to understand why the paradigm still prevails. We present focus group data gathered from 37 participants (service users, public, carers, general practitioners, commissioners) concerning the way they made sense of a randomised controlled trial of psychotherapy for treatment-resistant depression...
July 1, 2018: Health (London)
Galia Plotkin Amrami
This article explores the mechanisms underlying the formation of a new category in the Israeli therapeutic field-"national trauma." By comparing the two different paths of emergence of this category, the research reexamines the meaning of Hacking's concept "looping effect" and, in particular, the issue of awareness of the categorized individuals and the categorizing knowledge-producers to the effects of a categorization. This study demonstrates that the formation of "national trauma" is both an intentional product of the efforts and ideology of practitioners and an unintentional outcome of their scientific and interventional activities...
September 2018: Health (London)
Emma Kirby, Alex Broom, Alexandra Gibson, Jennifer Broom, Trent Yarwood, Jeffrey Post
Antibiotic resistance poses a significant global threat, yet clinically inappropriate antibiotic use within hospitals continues despite the implementation of abatement strategies. Antibiotic use and the viability of existing antibiotic options now sit precariously at the nexus of political will, institutional governance and clinical priorities 'at the bedside'. Yet no study has hitherto explored the perspectives of managers, instead of focusing on clinicians. In this article, drawing on qualitative interviews with hospital managers, we explore accounts of responding to antimicrobial resistance, managing antibiotic governance and negotiating clinical and managerial priorities...
September 2018: Health (London)
Ingrid Metzler, Paul Just
Narratives of hope shape contemporary engagements with Parkinson's disease. On the one hand, a "biomedical narrative of hope" promises that biomedical research will help to transform this treatable but incurable disease into a curable one in the future. On the other hand, a more individual "illness narrative of hope" encourages patients to influence the course of Parkinson's disease by practicing self-care and positive thinking. This article asks how these two narratives of hope interact...
September 2018: Health (London)
Lisa S Chan, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Franco A Carnevale, S Robin Cohen
Acute hospital units are a common location of death. Curative characteristics of the acute medical setting make it difficult to provide adequate palliative care; these characteristics include an orientation to life-prolonging treatment, an emphasis on routine or task-oriented care and a lack of priority on emotional engagement with patients. Indeed, research shows that dying patients in acute medical units often experience unmet needs at the end of life, including uncontrolled symptoms (e.g. pain, breathlessness), inadequate emotional support and poor communication...
September 2018: Health (London)
Gudmund Ågotnes, Christine Øye
Residents in nursing homes are old and frail and are dependent on constant care, medical, or otherwise, by trained professionals. But they are also social beings, secluded in an institutional setting which is both total and foreign. In this setting, most of the residents most of the time must relate to other residents: other residents are the nursing home residents' peers, companions, and perhaps even significant others. In this article, we will discuss how resident communities in nursing homes are influenced by the approaches of nursing home staff...
September 2018: Health (London)
Wytske Versteeg, Hedwig Te Molder, Petra Sneijder
We present a discursive psychological analysis of how the idiomatic expression "Listen to Your Body" is deployed in online forum discussions about ADHD medication and aspartame. The Listen to Your Body device allows participants to demonstrate to others that they take their health seriously and for that reason avoid scientific knowledge. They contrast Listen to Your Body with "blindly following science," presenting Listen to Your Body as the more critical and, therefore, more rational behavior...
September 2018: Health (London)
Raed Abualfaraj, Blanaid Daly, Fraser McDonald, Sasha Scambler
Cleft lip and palate is a common congenital anomaly affecting males and females. While there is psychological research on cleft lip and palate, there is relatively little research exploring the social context of cleft lip and palate and the experiences of living with the condition on a daily basis. Drawing on common themes emerging from sociological work which have explored the experiences of people living with long-term conditions (uncertainty, social relations, self-esteem and self-image and biomedical concerns), we argue that these themes can be used to help elucidate the experiences of people living with cleft lip and palate...
July 2018: Health (London)
Daniel Holman, Rebecca Lynch, Aaron Reeves
In recent years, health behaviour interventions have received a great deal of attention in both research and policy as a means of encouraging people to lead healthier lives. The emphasis of such interventions has varied over time, in terms of level of intervention (e.g. individual vs community) and drawing on different disciplinary perspectives. Recently, a number of critiques have focused on how health behaviour interventions sometimes sideline issues of social context, framing health as a matter of individual choice and, by implication, a personal responsibility...
July 2018: Health (London)
Shannon Clark, Linda Courtenay Botterill
The development of wind energy in Australia has been subject to ongoing public debate and has been characterised by concerns over the health impacts of wind turbines. Using discursive psychology, we examine 'wind turbine syndrome' as a contested illness and analyse how people build and undermine divergent arguments about wind-farm health effects. This article explores two facets of the dispute. First, we consider how participants construct 'facts' about the health effects of wind farms. We examine rhetorical resources used to construct wind farms as harmful or benign...
July 2018: Health (London)
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