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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311506/materialising-links-between-air-pollution-and-health-how-societal-impact-was-achieved-in-an-interdisciplinary-project
#1
Emma Garnett, Judith Green, Zaid Chalabi, Paul Wilkinson
Societal impact is an increasingly important imperative of academic funding. However, there is little research to date documenting how impact is accomplished in practice. Drawing on insights from Actor-Network Theory, we explore the research-policy interface within an interdisciplinary research project on the relationships between air pollution and human health. Health policy impact was important to the researchers for moral as well as pragmatic reasons but it was a goal that was seen as potentially in tension with that of doing science...
October 12, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296857/between-medicalisation-and-normalisation-antithetical-representations-of-depression-in-the-greek-cypriot-press-in-times-of-financial-crisis
#2
Maria Orphanidou, Irini Kadianaki
Media offer people ways of understanding mental health and illness, shaping their attitudes and behaviour towards it. Yet, the literature on media representations of depression is limited and fails to illuminate sufficiently the content of representations. In times of financial crisis, the prevalence of depression is increased and the particular meanings associated with depression are widely diffused. To unpack these meanings, we focused on the Greek-Cypriot press during the financial crisis of 2013. Two-hundred and three articles from seven widely circulating newspapers were thematically analysed...
October 9, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264590/the-social-capitals-of-recovery-in-mental-health
#3
Brian Brown, Sally Baker
In this article, we examine the process of recovery in people who have undertaken treatment for mental health problems, based on interviews with 34 participants. We describe their experiences through the lens of social capital, focusing on the social networks and relationships within which they are embedded and which they utilise to give purpose and meaning to their lives. The accounts give sense of movement from relationships, institutions and networks which were provided through their engagement with services towards relationships outside the health care system which were more freely chosen and which provided a sense that they were able to achieve recognition and make a contribution...
September 28, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253661/-everything-i-enjoy-doing-i-just-couldn-t-do-biographical-disruption-for-sport-related-injury
#4
Dominic Malcolm, Emma Pullen
This article draws on interview data with a population of non-elite sport/exercise participants (n = 20) to illustrate the interrelationship between biographical disruption and sport-related injury. It argues that contrary to the significance implied by their lack of prominence on current public health agendas, sport-related injuries can have a devastating personal impact, comparable to the more extreme variants of biographical disruption depicted in the literature on chronic illness. It seeks to explain the apparent incongruence between biophysical severity and subjective assessment of impact, by invoking notions of community normalisation and imagined futures, and identifying the unavailability of what subjects evaluate as effective medical support...
September 25, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244612/what-lies-beneath-experiencing-emotions-and-caring-in-oncology
#5
Wk Tim Wong, Alex Broom, Emma Kirby, Zarnie Lwin
Medical encounters - while often viewed as centred on conveying clinical knowledge - are also sites of emotion and for exerting emotional labour by healthcare professionals. The temptation to view these encounters as largely 'technical' - an exchange of knowledge or information - can marginalise the complex emotions often experienced by healthcare professionals, and negates the critical work done in these encounters. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 22 Australian medical oncologists, this article explores the experience and meaning of (their) emotions in medical encounters, and the manner in which emotional labour is performed by medical oncologists...
September 24, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238795/from-substance-to-process-a-meta-ethnographic-review-of-how-healthcare-professionals-and-patients-understand-placebos-and-their-effects-in-primary-care
#6
Doug I Hardman, Adam Wa Geraghty, George Lewith, Mark Lown, Clelia Viecelli, Felicity L Bishop
Research suggests that a 'placebo' can improve conditions common in primary care including pain, depression and irritable bowel syndrome. However, disagreement persists over the definition and clinical relevance of placebo treatments. We conducted a meta-ethnographic, mixed-research systematic review to explore how healthcare professionals and patients understand placebos and their effects in primary care. We conducted systematic literature searches of five databases - augmented by reference chaining, key author searches and expert opinion - related to views on placebos, placebo effects and placebo use in primary care...
September 21, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230359/assembling-the-fitbit-subject-a-foucauldian-sociomaterialist-examination-of-social-class-gender-and-self-surveillance-on-fitbit-community-message-boards
#7
Katelyn Esmonde, Shannon Jette
The rise of fitness-tracking devices such as the Fitbit in personal health and wellness is emblematic of the use of data-gathering health and fitness technologies by institutions to create a surveillance regime. Using postings on Fitbit community message boards and the theoretical frames of Michel Foucault and sociomaterialist scholars, the goal of this article is to analyse the experiences of those who choose to self-track using a Fitbit and the constellation of barriers and facilitators (human and non-human) related to social class and gender that enable and constrain one's ability to use a Fitbit as intended...
September 19, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230356/nurses-knowledge-and-deliberations-crucial-to-barcoded-medication-administration-technology-in-a-dutch-hospital-discovering-nurses-agency-inside-ruling
#8
Marcel Boonen, Janet Rankin, Frans Vosman, Alistair Niemeijer
This article shows how Barcoded Medication Administration technology institutionally organizes and rules the daily actions of nurses. Although it is widely assumed that Barcoded Medication Administration technology improves quality and safety by reducing the risk of human error, little research has been done on how this technology alters the work of nurses. Drawing on empirical and conceptual strategies of analysis, this qualitative study used certain tools of institutional ethnography to provide a view of how nurses negotiate Barcoded Medication Administration technology...
September 19, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222010/solidarity-after-nature-from-biopolitics-to-cosmopolitics
#9
Kim Hendrickx, Ine Van Hoyweghen
What is sustaining the divide between nature and nurture, even though sciences like epigenetics have been challenging it for at least two decades? Evelyn Fox Keller asked this question and considered it a logical problem rooted in terminological confusion within the sciences. In this article, we propose a complementary diagnosis of the problem: the nature-nurture divide is (re-)mobilized when society faces questions of inclusion and solidarity. With examples stemming from the fields of insurance and health care, immigration policy and epigenetics, we demonstrate how the nature-nurture divide is performed through techniques of classification for a politics of solidarity...
September 16, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222009/exploring-young-people-s-emotional-well-being-and-resilience-in-educational-contexts-a-resilient-space
#10
Chris Cocking, Nigel Sherriff, Kay Aranda, Laetitia Zeeman
The term 'resilience' is pervasive in narratives of young people's emotional well-being. However, the meaning it has for those it describes is perhaps less well understood. Resilience was investigated as part of an engagement exercise into health improvement commissioning in educational contexts in the South East of England. One hundred and nine young people in total were involved, and this article reports data collected from two areas that were explored, comprising a sub-set of 58 participants: emotional well-being and resilience (n = 23) and the whole school approach (n = 35)...
September 16, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222007/alignments-and-differentiations-people-with-illness-experiences-seeking-legitimate-positions-as-health-service-developers-and-producers
#11
Marjaana Jones, Ilkka Pietilä
Health policies and strategies promote the involvement of people with illness experiences in service development and production, integrating them into settings that have traditionally been domains of health professionals. In this study, we focus on the perspectives of people with personal illness experiences and explore how they justify involvement, position themselves as legitimate actors and forge collaborative relationships with health professionals. We have used discourse analysis in analysing individual interviews conducted with peer support workers and experts by experience (n = 17) who currently work in Finnish health services...
September 16, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207192/the-silver-lining-of-greying-ageing-discourses-and-positioning-of-ageing-persons-in-the-field-of-social-health-insurance
#12
Sarah Van den Bogaert, Melissa Ceuterick, Piet Bracke
Contemporary ageing discourses and policies perceive being active as the key to a good later life and thereby focus on individual responsibility and self-care. Drawing on website articles and press releases of Belgian sickness fund agencies, this study analyses the ageing discourses and positioning of ageing persons of these organisations. A discourse analysis was performed using positioning theory to analyse how sickness fund agencies discursively construct the ageing process and position ageing persons, and to investigate how these positioning acts are related to sickness fund agencies' roles as social insurer, social movement, social entrepreneur and private insurer...
September 12, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207186/informal-use-of-restraint-in-nursing-homes-a-threat-to-human-rights-or-necessary-care-to-preserve-residents-dignity
#13
Christine Øye, Frode F Jacobsen
Use of restraint in nursing homes is highly controversial and fundamentally transgresses human rights and freedom of movement and choice. While different forms of formal restraint use in nursing homes are broadly delineated, the use of informal restraint is less understood. The aim of this article is to identify different kinds of informal restraint, and how staff use informal restraint under which circumstances. This article illuminates informal restraint use based on an ethnographic study in four nursing homes in the Western part of Norway...
September 12, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207176/the-tinkering-m-patient-co-constructing-knowledge-on-how-to-live-with-type-1-diabetes-through-facebook-searching-and-sharing-and-offline-tinkering-with-self-care
#14
Natasja Kingod
Danish adults with type 1 diabetes value peer-to-peer interaction through the social media platform Facebook as a way to quickly exchange knowledge on essential everyday self-care for chronic illness. In this praxiographic study, following informants into online and offline social dimensions, I explore how they use Facebook to exchange self-care knowledge based on practical experiments and negotiations between bodies, technologies and daily lives. When in doubt about how to self-care on a daily basis, Danish adults with type 1 diabetes look to Facebook for inspiration and peer support...
September 12, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830300/-it-s-sometimes-hard-to-tell-what-patients-are-playing-at-how-healthcare-professionals-make-sense-of-why-patients-and-families-complain-about-care
#15
Mary Adams, Jill Maben, Glenn Robert
This article draws from sociological and socio-legal studies of dispute between patients and doctors to examine how healthcare professionals made sense of patients' complaints about healthcare. We analyse 41 discursive interviews with professional healthcare staff working in eight different English National Health Service settings to explore how they made sense of events of complaint and of patients' (including families') motives for complaining. We find that for our interviewees, events of patients' complaining about care were perceived as a breach in fundamental relationships involving patients' trust or patients' recognition of their work efforts...
November 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770633/understanding-each-other-in-the-medical-encounter-exploring-therapists-and-patients-understanding-of-each-other-s-experiential-knowledge-through-the-imitation-game
#16
Rik Wehrens, Bethany Hipple Walters
The ability of health-care professionals to understand the lived experiences of their patients has become increasingly important but has been a difficult topic to investigate empirically because it involves two distinctive research strands: interpretative phenomenological analysis and patient-provider communication. While interpretative phenomenological analysis focuses on experiences and illness narratives of patients, but not on therapist's understanding of those, patient-provider communication surveys focus primarily on effective forms of communication without addressing the actual illness experiences of patients...
November 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233046/how-is-a-new-category-born-on-mechanisms-of-formation-cycles-of-recognition-and-the-looping-effect-of-national-trauma
#17
Galia Plotkin Amrami
This article explores the mechanisms underlying the formation of a new category in the Israeli therapeutic field-"national trauma." By comparing the two different paths of emergence of this category, the research reexamines the meaning of Hacking's concept "looping effect" and, in particular, the issue of awareness of the categorized individuals and the categorizing knowledge-producers to the effects of a categorization. This study demonstrates that the formation of "national trauma" is both an intentional product of the efforts and ideology of practitioners and an unintentional outcome of their scientific and interventional activities...
September 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649859/medical-authority-managerial-power-and-political-will-a-bourdieusian-analysis-of-antibiotics-in-the-hospital
#18
Emma Kirby, Alex Broom, Alexandra Gibson, Jennifer Broom, Trent Yarwood, Jeffrey Post
Antibiotic resistance poses a significant global threat, yet clinically inappropriate antibiotic use within hospitals continues despite the implementation of abatement strategies. Antibiotic use and the viability of existing antibiotic options now sit precariously at the nexus of political will, institutional governance and clinical priorities 'at the bedside'. Yet no study has hitherto explored the perspectives of managers, instead of focusing on clinicians. In this article, drawing on qualitative interviews with hospital managers, we explore accounts of responding to antimicrobial resistance, managing antibiotic governance and negotiating clinical and managerial priorities...
September 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637363/-think-positively-parkinson-s-disease-biomedicine-and-hope-in-contemporary-germany
#19
Ingrid Metzler, Paul Just
Narratives of hope shape contemporary engagements with Parkinson's disease. On the one hand, a "biomedical narrative of hope" promises that biomedical research will help to transform this treatable but incurable disease into a curable one in the future. On the other hand, a more individual "illness narrative of hope" encourages patients to influence the course of Parkinson's disease by practicing self-care and positive thinking. This article asks how these two narratives of hope interact...
September 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552003/-i-m-only-dealing-with-the-acute-issues-how-medical-ward-busyness-constrains-care-of-the-dying
#20
Lisa S Chan, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Franco A Carnevale, S Robin Cohen
Acute hospital units are a common location of death. Curative characteristics of the acute medical setting make it difficult to provide adequate palliative care; these characteristics include an orientation to life-prolonging treatment, an emphasis on routine or task-oriented care and a lack of priority on emotional engagement with patients. Indeed, research shows that dying patients in acute medical units often experience unmet needs at the end of life, including uncontrolled symptoms (e.g. pain, breathlessness), inadequate emotional support and poor communication...
September 2018: Health (London)
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