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Health (London)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401812/-listen-to-your-body-participants-alternative-to-science-in-online-health-discussions
#1
Wytske Versteeg, Hedwig Te Molder, Petra Sneijder
We present a discursive psychological analysis of how the idiomatic expression "Listen to Your Body" is deployed in online forum discussions about ADHD medication and aspartame. The Listen to Your Body device allows participants to demonstrate to others that they take their health seriously and for that reason avoid scientific knowledge. They contrast Listen to Your Body with "blindly following science," presenting Listen to Your Body as the more critical and, therefore, more rational behavior. Instead of treating the idiomatic expression as "anyone's knowledge," speakers and recipients compete for the right to own it...
March 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401817/contesting-facts-about-wind-farms-in-australia-and-the-legitimacy-of-adverse-health-effects
#2
Shannon Clark, Linda Courtenay Botterill
The development of wind energy in Australia has been subject to ongoing public debate and has been characterised by concerns over the health impacts of wind turbines. Using discursive psychology, we examine 'wind turbine syndrome' as a contested illness and analyse how people build and undermine divergent arguments about wind-farm health effects. This article explores two facets of the dispute. First, we consider how participants construct 'facts' about the health effects of wind farms. We examine rhetorical resources used to construct wind farms as harmful or benign...
February 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26655326/when-choice-becomes-limited-women-s-experiences-of-delay-in-labour
#3
Natalie Armstrong, Sara Kenyon
Choice and patient involvement in decision-making are strong aspirations of contemporary healthcare. One of the most striking areas in which this is played out is maternity care where recent policy has focused on choice and supporting normal birth. However, birth is sometimes not straightforward and unanticipated complications can rapidly reduce choice. We draw on the accounts of women who experienced delay during labour with their first child. This occurs when progress is slow, and syntocinon is administered to strengthen and regulate contractions...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26487687/the-consent-process-enabling-or-disabling-patients-active-participation
#4
Carole Doherty, Charitini Stavropoulou, Mark Nk Saunders, Tracey Brown
Standards expected by doctors' regulatory bodies in respect of the process of consent to treatment have arguably sought to restructure the nature of the doctor-patient relationship from one of the paternalism to that of shared decision-making. Yet, few studies have explored empirically, from patients' perspectives, the extent to which the process of consent to treatment enables or disables patients' participation in medical decision-making. Our article examines patients' attitudes towards the consent process, exploring how and why these attitudes influence patients' active participation in decision-making and considering possible consequent medico-legal issues...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216897/online-self-expression-and-experimentation-as-reflectivism-using-text-analytics-to-examine-the-participatory-forum-hello-sunday-morning
#5
Nicholas Carah, Carla Meurk, Daniel Angus
Hello Sunday Morning is an online health promotion organisation that began in 2009. Hello Sunday Morning asks participants to stop consuming alcohol for a period of time, set a goal and document their progress on a personal blog. Hello Sunday Morning is a unique health intervention for three interrelated reasons: (1) it was generated outside a clinical setting, (2) it uses new media technologies to create structured forms of participation in an iterative and open-ended way and (3) participants generate a written record of their progress along with demographic, behavioural and engagement data...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216896/personal-health-technologies-micropolitics-and-resistance-a-new-materialist-analysis
#6
Nick J Fox
Personal health technologies are near-body devices or applications designed for use by a single individual, principally outside healthcare facilities. They enable users to monitor physiological processes or body activity, are frequently communication-enabled and sometimes also intervene therapeutically. This article explores a range of personal health technologies, from blood pressure or blood glucose monitors purchased in pharmacies and fitness monitors such as Fitbit and Nike+ Fuelband to drug pumps and implantable medical devices...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216895/strong-female-and-black-stereotypes-of-african-caribbean-women-s-body-shape-and-their-effects-on-clinical-encounters
#7
Nicole Andrews, Sheila Greenfield, Will Drever, Sabi Redwood
The aim of this article is to explore how tendencies to stereotype minority ethnic groups intersect with lay discourses about them in ways that can reproduce cultural prejudices and reinforce inequalities in access to services and health outcomes. Drawing upon Black feminist and cultural studies literature, we present a theoretical examination, the stereotypes of the Black woman as 'mammy' and 'matriarch'. We suggest that the influence of these two images is central to understanding the normalisation of the larger Black female body within African Caribbean communities...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26208697/resignifying-the-sickle-cell-gene-narratives-of-genetic-risk-impairment-and-repair
#8
Maria Berghs, Simon M Dyson, Karl Atkin
Connecting theoretical discussion with empirical qualitative work, this article examines how sickle cell became a site of public health intervention in terms of 'racialised' risks. Historically, sickle cell became socio-politically allied to ideas of repair, in terms of the state improving the health of a neglected ethnic minority population. Yet, we elucidate how partial improvements in care and education arose alongside preventative public health screening efforts. Using qualitative research based in the United Kingdom, we show how a focus on collective efforts of repair can lie in tension with how services and individuals understand and negotiate antenatal screening...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26150314/public-health-promotion-of-local-food-constituting-the-self-governing-citizen-consumer
#9
Colleen Derkatch, Philippa Spoel
This article explores how the recent and growing promotion of local foods by public health units in Ontario, Canada, rhetorically interpellates the "good" health citizen as someone who not only takes responsibility for personal health but, through the consumption and support of "local food," also accepts and fulfills her responsibilities to care for the local economy, the community's well-being, and the natural environment. Drawing on Charland's concept of constitutive rhetoric, we analyze a selection of public health unit documents about local food to develop a textured account of the complex, multifaceted forms of health citizenship they constitute...
March 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401816/clinical-encounter-and-the-logic-of-relationality-reconfiguring-bodies-and-subjectivities-in-clinical-relations
#10
Karolina A Kazimierczak
This article critically examines the significance of relational approaches for sociological understandings of clinical interactions, relations and practices, by exploring the ways in which relational theories and concepts have been employed in the recent sociological accounts of clinical encounters to trouble the classical dyadic models of clinical interaction and the related atomistic conceptions of agency and accountability. Reading this work through the theoretical contributions from feminist science studies scholarship, and particularly the work of Donna Haraway and Karen Barad, the article proposes an alternative understanding of clinical interactions, relations and practices, where relations are conceived as constitutive of individuals (objects/bodies and their attributes/identities), rather than being constituted by encounters between individuals...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401815/to-be-or-not-to-be-sick-and-tired-managing-the-visibility-of-hiv-and-hiv-related-fatigue
#11
Laura Schuft, Estelle Duval, Julie Thomas, Sylvain Ferez
This article takes a new direction in exploring HIV-related fatigue by adopting a qualitative interactionist approach. We analyse the social meanings attributed to fatigue among people living with HIV in France, the social gains and losses of its visibility and the social frames that condition its discursive and physical expression. The two-part methodology combines grounded theory analysis of 50 transcribed unstructured interviews conducted across France and participant observations within four HIV-related associations...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401814/public-discourse-on-mental-health-and-psychiatry-representations-in-swedish-newspapers
#12
Robert Ohlsson
Mass media plays a central role in shaping public discourse on health and illness. In order to examine media representations of mental health and expert knowledge in this field, two major Swedish daily newspapers from the year 2009 were qualitatively analysed. Drawing on the theory of social representations, the analysis focused on how issues concerning mental health and different perspectives are represented. The results show how the concept of mental illness is used in different and often taken-for-granted ways and how the distinction between normal and pathological is a central underlying question...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401813/epistemological-challenges-in-contemporary-western-healthcare-systems-exemplified-by-people-s-widespread-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#13
Anita Salamonsen, Rolf Ahlzén
Modern Western public healthcare systems offer predominantly publicly subsidized healthcare traditionally based on biomedicine as the most important basis to cure persons who suffer from disorders of somatic or psychiatric nature. To which extent this epistemological position is suitable for this purpose is under scientific debate and challenged by some people's personal understandings of health and illness, their individual illness experiences and their decision-making. Current studies show decreasing levels of patient trust in Western public healthcare and a widespread patient-initiated use of complementary and alternative medicine which is often linked to unmet patient-defined healthcare needs...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401811/hooked-on-a-feeling-exploring-desires-and-solutions-in-infertility-accounts-given-by-women-with-atypical-sex-development
#14
Lisa Guntram
Sociocultural meanings accorded to infertility, and rapid developments in assisted reproductive technologies, have long been central concerns in feminist and social scientific research. However, knowledge is scarce concerning how individuals make sense of infertility when it is disclosed in adolescence, for example as the result of an 'atypical' sex development, rather than as a result of failed conception. This article examines how understandings of desires, kinship and 'solutions' take shape and are negotiated in the accounts women give of infertility resulting from 'atypical' sex development...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401810/book-review-janet-k-shim-heart-sick-the-politics-of-risk-inequality-and-heart-disease-shim-janet-k-heart-sick-the-politics-of-risk-inequality-and-heart-disease-new-york-university-press-new-york-2014-27-00-pbk
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135864/-naloxone-works-the-politics-of-knowledge-in-evidence-based-drug-policy
#16
Kari Lancaster, Carla Treloar, Alison Ritter
For over 20 years, drug policy experts have been calling for the wider availability of naloxone, to enable lay overdose witnesses to respond to opioid overdose events. However, the 'evidence base' for peer-administered naloxone has become a key point of contention. This contention opens up critical questions about how knowledge ('evidence') is constituted and validated in drug policy processes, which voices may be heard, and how knowledge producers secure privileged positions of influence. Taking the debate surrounding peer-administered naloxone as a case study, and drawing on qualitative interviews with individuals (n = 19) involved in the development of naloxone policy in Australia, we examine how particular kinds of knowledge are rendered 'useful' in drug policy debates...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127993/three-persons-three-genetic-contributors-three-parents-mitochondrial-donation-genetic-parenting-and-the-immutable-grammar-of-the-three-x-x
#17
Rebecca Dimond, Neil Stephens
In 2015, two novel in vitro fertilisation techniques intended to prevent the inheritance of mitochondrial disease were legalised in the United Kingdom, following an intense period of inquiry including scientific reviews, public consultations, government guidance and debates within the Houses of Parliament. The techniques were controversial because (1) they introduced a third genetic contributor into the reproductive process and (2) they are germline, meaning this genetic change could then be passed down to subsequent generations...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111990/healthy-habits-are-no-fun-how-dutch-youth-negotiate-discourses-about-food-fit-fat-and-fun
#18
Noortje van Amsterdam, Annelies Knoppers
In this article, we use the notion of "biopedagogical practices" to explore how Dutch youth respond to health messages that focus on body weight. Previous studies suggest that such health messages encourage body dissatisfaction in youth. Few studies, however, focus on the local/cultural specificity of youth's responses to these biopedagogical practices. In this article, we address questions about the re-interpretation of and resistance to health messages that Dutch youth engage in and how these can be understood in their local context...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111989/objecting-multiplicity-and-the-practice-of-physiotherapy
#19
Jenny Setchell, David A Nicholls, Barbara E Gibson
Drawing from Annemarie Mol's conceptulisation of multiplicity, we explore how health care practices enact their object(s), using physiotherapy as our example. Our concern is particularly to mobilise ways of practicing or doing physiotherapy that are largely under-theorised, unexamined or marginalised. This approach explores those actions that reside in the interstitial spaces around, beneath and beyond the limits of established practices. Using Mol's understanding of multiplicity as a theoretical and methodological driver, we argue that physiotherapy in practice often subverts the ubiquitous reductive discourses of biomedicine...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111988/the-lived-experience-of-huntington-s-disease-a-phenomenological-perspective-on-genes-the-body-and-the-lived-experience-of-a-genetic-disease
#20
Niclas Hagen
The purpose of this article is to explore the intersections between genes, the body and the lived experience of a genetic disease. This article is based on empirical material from a study on how individuals affected by Huntington's disease experience their everyday life. This study identified two themes that represent and capture the experience of the affected individuals. The themes are (1) noticing symptoms in everyday life and (2) neither health nor disease. The analysis of the empirical material was performed by employing a theoretical framework based on phenomenology...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
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