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Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355678/surgical-correction-of-articular-damage-in-the-knee-osteoarticular-transplantation-to-joint-reconstruction
#1
Xue Susan Bai, Jonelle M Thomas, Alice S Ha
Injuries of the articular cartilage remain difficult to treat and can range from small articular cartilage defects to end-stage severe osteoarthritis. In this review, we discuss various surgical treatment options including imaging features and associated complications. Specifically, we review microfracture, acellular matrix-induced microfracture, autologous osteochondral transplantation, osteochondral allograft transplantation, autologous chondrocyte implantation, along with various forms of knee arthroplasties...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355677/imaging-of-the-pediatric-knee
#2
Jessica R Leschied, Kara Gaetke Udager
The knee joint is commonly injured in the young athlete. This article discusses the common injury patterns around the knee that are unique to this patient population. Pediatric patients have relative weak points at their physes and apophyses that result in different forces on ligaments and bones during injury compared with adults. Common pathologic findings seen on imaging include patellar and patellar tendon injury, physeal fractures, osteochondral abnormality, ligament tears, and meniscal injury. Imaging studies are also performed to evaluate pediatric patients after surgical knee injury repair, and radiologists should be familiar with certain pediatric-specific knee repair techniques and their imaging appearances...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355676/imaging-nerve-pathology-of-the-knee-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-ultrasound
#3
Yoav Morag, Lynda J S Yang
Peripheral neuropathies are not uncommon, and the diagnostic evaluation includes a clinical assessment and electrophysiologic studies as well as diagnostic imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) are of special importance in providing the surgeon with information in the context of nerve trauma, entrapment, and nerve involvement by tumors. Peripheral neuropathy about the knee can occur in the context of associated knee pathology such as trauma, as part of a systemic disease, or as an isolated finding...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355675/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-arthritis-of-the-knee
#4
Emma L Rowbotham, Andrew J Grainger
The knee joint is involved in a wide variety of arthritides, and imaging has always played a major role in both aiding diagnosis and assessing the severity of such diseases. Plain film radiography has traditionally been used as the primary imaging modality for radiographic diagnosis of arthritis. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows a greater sensitivity to both the bone and soft tissue features of this group of conditions. This article reviews the imaging features of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee shown on MRI and the criteria used to diagnose this condition...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355674/ultrasound-of-the-knee-common-pathology-excluding-extensor-mechanism
#5
Jon A Jacobson, Thumanoon Ruangchaijatuporn, Viviane Khoury, Olaf Magerkurth
Ultrasound can be used to diagnose many types of pathology and guide various diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. The most common applications for musculoskeletal ultrasound of the knee include evaluation of the joint recesses, the extensor mechanism, and bursae including Baker's cyst. However, a role exists for ultrasound in the evaluation of cartilage, other tendons, ligaments, peripheral nerves, osseous structures, and vasculature. This article reviews common pathologies of these structures as seen with ultrasound...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355673/the-extensor-mechanism-imaging-and-intervention
#6
Colm J McMahon, Arun Ramappa, Kenneth Lee
We present an overview of imaging and intervention of the extensor mechanism of the knee. Particular focus is placed on the evaluation of patellofemoral tracking disorders, patellar and quadriceps tendinosis and tears, patellar fracture, lateral patellar condyle patellar friction syndrome, and prepatellar bursitis. Anatomical and biomechanical factors contributing to these disorders are considered. Imaging evaluation is presented in a clinical context, and therapeutic options for these disorders are discussed...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355672/ligamentous-reconstruction-of-the-knee-what-orthopaedic-surgeons-want-radiologists-to-know
#7
Andrew G Geeslin, Matthew G Geeslin, Robert F LaPrade
Knee ligament injuries are common, and treatment methods are continually evolving. Accurate clinical diagnosis with imaging confirmation is critical to support appropriate treatment. Several imaging pearls allow for improved recognition of injuries. Stress radiographs may be obtained to quantify knee laxity. Magnetic resonance imaging allows assessment of the complex anatomy of the knee and has excellent sensitivity and specificity for many injuries.
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355671/multiligamentous-injury-of-the-knee-mri-diagnosis-and-injury-patterns
#8
Barry Glenn Hansford, Corrie M Yablon
Anterior cruciate and posterior cruciate injuries rarely occur in isolation and are often associated with injuries to the secondary or supporting structures that provide stability against rotational forces. These structures include the posterolateral and posteromedial corner ligaments and tendons, as well as the anterolateral ligament. If injuries to these secondary structures are not appreciated at the time of cruciate ligament reconstruction, an isolated cruciate ligament reconstruction may be predisposed to early failure...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355670/update-on-mri-pulse-sequences-for-the-knee-imaging-of-cartilage-meniscus-tendon-and-hardware
#9
Aticha Ariyachaipanich, Won C Bae, Sheronda Statum, Christine B Chung
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used in the clinical setting as well as for research applications. Since its inception, technical development has broadly progressed as a response to challenges in both the clinical and research settings. Higher magnetic field strength and advances in hardware and software have revolutionized the diagnostic potential of MRI and moved well beyond diagnosis to characterization of tissue metabolism, biochemistry, disease pathogenesis, and material property, to name a few...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355669/the-knee-update-on-imaging-and-intervention
#10
Corrie M Yablon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355668/the-importance-of-facts-and-the-role-of-academic-publishers-in-today-s-world-a-publisher-s-view
#11
Daniel Schiff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253532/using-cost-effectiveness-analysis-to-measure-value-in-musculoskeletal-imaging
#12
Jacob J Visser, Edwin H G Oei, M G Myriam Hunink
In the era of value-based health care, adding value is a key element in providing care. The choice of appropriate imaging modality and protocol should be based on consideration of patients' values, health care outcomes, and cost-effectiveness, taking into account the perspective of the decision maker, the health care system, and society at large. This article provides an overview of the available tools to measure value, outcomes, and cost-effectiveness in musculoskeletal radiology, illustrated with relevant examples...
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253531/big-data-analyses-in-health-and-opportunities-for-research-in-radiology
#13
Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs
This article reviews examples of big data analyses in health care with a focus on radiology. We review the defining characteristics of big data, the use of natural language processing, traditional and novel data sources, and large clinical data repositories available for research. This article aims to invoke novel research ideas through a combination of examples of analyses and domain knowledge.
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253530/statistics-for-radiology-research
#14
Nancy A Obuchowski, Naveen Subhas, Joshua Polster
Biostatistics is an essential component in most original research studies in imaging. In this article we discuss five key statistical concepts for study design and analyses in modern imaging research: statistical hypothesis testing, particularly focusing on noninferiority studies; imaging outcomes especially when there is no reference standard; dealing with the multiplicity problem without spending all your study power; relevance of confidence intervals in reporting and interpreting study results; and finally tools for assessing quantitative imaging biomarkers...
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253529/comparative-effectiveness-research-in-musculoskeletal-imaging
#15
Shadpour Demehri, Michael P Recht, Christoph I Lee
The primary goal of comparative effectiveness research (CER) is to define the optimal choice among alternative diagnostic and interventional strategies for a given clinical scenario among major stakeholders in the health care system. In an era where health care decision makers are demanding greater evidence of improved patient outcomes from the use of medical technologies, musculoskeletal (MSK) imagers must be more engaged in generating quality CER. We provide an overview of CER and its expanding role in U...
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253528/appropriate-use-criteria-in-musculoskeletal-imaging
#16
Jennifer L Demertzis, David A Rubin
In the United States, health care costs are spiraling upward at an unsustainable rate. Concurrently, medical specialties, legislatures, and the population each recognize the need to prove that current medical practices are effective, measured by outcomes. These forces necessitate a change in radiology's role, from emphasizing interpretation and reporting to maintaining and demonstrating quality and value. An important part of this task involves establishing the appropriateness of imaging tests by application of objective data and expert opinion in an effort to optimize resource utilization and modality selection...
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253527/the-pursuit-of-value-in-musculoskeletal-imaging-policy-and-clinical-practice-intersect
#17
Paul Harkey, Richard Duszak
Rapidly rising health care costs coupled with variability in pricing and patient service have led to intense public scrutiny and pressure for health care providers to demonstrate value. Recent changes in legislation and payment models have intensified a shift from volume-based to value-based care, transferring risk from payers to providers. The American College of Radiology's Imaging 3.0 initiative encourages radiologists to become leaders in this changing health care landscape, helping to redefine value relative to health outcomes that matter to patients...
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253526/measuring-value-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-in-msk-radiology-a-primer
#18
Soterios Gyftopoulos, Naveen Subhas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002871/recommendations-of-the-essr-arthritis-subcommittee-on-ultrasonography-in-inflammatory-joint-disease
#19
Athena Plagou, James Teh, Andrew J Grainger, Claudia Schueller-Weidekamm, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Winston Rennie, Gunnar Åström, Antoine Feydy, Chiara Giraudo, Henri Guerini, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Amanda Isaac, Lennart Jans, Anne Grethe Jurik, Franz Kainberger, Mario Maas, Carlo Martinoli, Vasco V Mascarenhas, Falk Miese, Philip O'Connor, Edwin H Oei, Mikkel Østergaard, Philippe Peetrons, Hannes Platzgummer, Monique Reijnierse, Philip Robinson, Mitja Rupreht, Paolo Simoni, Marius C Wick, Anna Zejden, Andrea S Klauser
This article presents the recommendations of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology Arthritis Subcommittee on the use of ultrasonography (US) in rheumatic disease, focused on the examination of joints in the adult population. The recommended examination technique and protocols used in a radiologic work-up are discussed. The main US features that can lead to a final diagnosis in the most common rheumatic diseases are addressed. The differential diagnosis that should be considered at image interpretation is presented...
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002870/radiofrequency-ablation-of-osteoid-osteoma-difficult-to-reach-places
#20
Ambrose J Huang
Osteoid osteomas are small painful benign bone tumors that can be effectively treated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in most situations. This article briefly reviews the typical imaging findings of osteoid osteomas and the RFA technique used to treat them at our institution. It concludes with several examples of osteoid osteomas in difficult-to-reach places and the approaches used to access and treat them.
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
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