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European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771447/intermedin1-53-protects-cardiac-function-in-rats-with-septic-shock-via-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-and-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis
#1
Y-J Yu, A-H Su, H-B Yang, J-X Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of intermedin1-53 (IMD1-53) on cardiac function in rats with septic shock and its underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned into three groups, namely the control group (NC group), septic shock group (ET group) and IMD1-53 treatment group (IMD group), with 8 rats in each group. Levels of hemodynamic indicators, blood glucose, lactate acid, CK-MB (creatine kinase-MB) and cTnI (cardiac troponin I) in rats were determined...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771446/simvastatin-induces-osteogenic-differentiation-of-mscs-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-to-promote-fracture-healing
#2
M Zhang, Y-Q Bian, H-M Tao, X-F Yang, W-D Mu
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether Simvastatin could facilitate osteogenic differentiation of rat marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by modulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, thus promoting fracture healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSCs were isolated from rat bone marrow specimens and their purity was identified. The third generation of MSCs was cultured in osteoinduction medium containing simvastatin of gradient concentration, and the highest dose of simvastatin that did not cause cell proliferation was determined by the result of the CCK8 assay...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771445/tirofiban-combined-with-rt-pa-intraarterial-thrombolysis-improves-the-recanalization-rate-of-acute-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-in-rabbits
#3
Y-J Yu, W Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the curative effect of tirofiban combined with recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (rt-PA) selective intra-arterial thrombolysis on acute middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 adult male Japanese white rabbits weighing 2.5-3.0 kg were selected, and the acute cerebral infarction model was established via autologous thromboembolism of middle cerebral artery. Rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: tirofiban group (Ti group, 5 μg/kg, n=15), rt-PA group (rt-PA group, 2 mg/kg, n=15), tirofiban + rt-PA group (Ti + rt-PA group, 3 μg/kg Ti + 1 mg/kg rt-PA, n=15), and control group (Co group, n=15)...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771444/low-level-laser-irradiation-promotes-the-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-into-osteoblasts-through-the-apn-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#4
R-F Zhang, Q Wang, A-A Zhang, J-G Xu, L-D Zhai, X-M Yang, X-T Liu
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between adiponectin (APN) pathway and Wnt pathway was explored through BMSCs, and the effect of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and its mechanism were further studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3-week-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected, and mesenchymal stem cells were separately cultured and purified. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to analyze cell proliferation...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771443/decreased-expression-of-ferritin-light-chain-in-osteosarcoma-and-its-correlation-with-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#5
G-H Yu, L Fu, J Chen, F Wei, W-X Shi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to detect ferritin light chain (FTL) expression level in osteosarcoma (OS), and to clarify whether FTL could offer additional help in diagnosis or therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we assessed FTL level in OS tissues and cells through GEO dataset and tissue microarrays (TMAs). Then, we overexpressed FTL expression in MG-63 cell line. Lastly, we detected the expression of EMT-related signal pathway proteins to study its underlying molecular mechanisms...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771442/microrna-222-contributed-to-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-via-regulating-ywhag-in-osteosarcoma
#6
Y-W Chu, C-R Wang, F-B Weng, Z-J Yan, C Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of microRNA-222 (miR-222) in osteosarcoma (OS), and to further explore the potential molecular mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured the level of miR-222 in OS tissues and cell lines using quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction. Synthesized miR-222 mimics or inhibitors were obtained to up-regulate or down-regulate the expression of miR-222 in U2OS or Saos2 cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and colony formation assay were employed to detect the ability of cell proliferation, and transwell assay was used to confirm the ability of cell invasion...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771441/combinatory-effect-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-transplantation-and-quercetin-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rat
#7
X Wang, Y-Y Wang, L-L Zhang, G-T Li, H-T Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the synergistic effects of quercetin (Qu) administration and transplantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells (HUMSCs) following spinal cord injury (SCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HUMSCs were isolated, cultured and certificated via flow cytometry. Sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) female rats were used and SCI models were made. All rats were divided into five experimental groups: culture medium treated group (n=28); HUSMCs + quercetin-treated group (n = 28); HUMSCs treated group (n=28); quercetin-treated group (n = 28); sham group (n = 20)...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771440/mir-519d-reduces-the-5-fluorouracil-resistance-in-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-down-regulating-the-expression-of-ccnd1
#8
R Huang, J-Y Lin, Y-J Chi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of miR-519d on the 5-fluorouracil resistance in colorectal cancer cells and to explore the mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colorectal cancer cells HCT116 and SW480 were transfected with miR519d-mimic or siCCND1 by transient transfection. The sensitivity of cells to 5-Fu was assayed by MTT assay. Dual luciferase assay was used to examine the effect of CCND1 on the sensitivity of cells to 5-Fu mediated by miR-519d. RESULTS: MiR-519d was overexpressed in colorectal cancer cells after transient transfection with miR-519d mimics...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771439/remifentanil-on-t-lymphocytes-cognitive-function-and-inflammatory-cytokines-of-patients-undergoing-radical-surgery-for-cervical-cancer
#9
X-Y Lu, M Chen, D-H Chen, Y Li, P-T Liu, Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of remifentanil on cognitive function, T lymphocyte subsets and inflammatory cytokines of patients undergoing radical surgery for cervical cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients undergoing radical surgery for cervical cancer in our hospital from August 2014 to January 2017 were selected. They were divided into control group (n=35) and experimental group (n=35). The patients in the control group received intravenous drip of fentanyl, while those in the experimental group received intravenous drip of remifentanil in the surgery...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771438/methylene-blue-attenuates-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-negative-regulation-of-nlrp3-signaling-pathway
#10
J-J Liu, L Lu, F-Q Hu, H Yuan, Q Xu, Y-F Qin, J-H Gong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of methylene blue (MB) on renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in mice and its possible relevant mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male C57/BL6 mice aged 4 months old were randomly divided into the following three groups: Sham group (n=10), IR group (n=10), and MB group (n=10). Mice in MB group were treated with gavage continuously using methylene blue solution (dosage: 25 mg·kg-1·d-1) until they were 7 months old...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771437/works-on-heart-how-about-brain-effect-of-hyperkalemia-on-focal-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#11
T Qin, N Li, X-F Tan, J-H Zheng, R Tao, M-H Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hyperkalemia on the brain after I/R in h transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult male SD rats were randomly assigned to four groups: (1) hyperkalemia 80 µg/g (HK80) group; (2) hyperkalemia 40 µg/g (HK40) group; (3) normal saline (NS) group; (4) sham (SH) group. The concentration of serum K+ was elevated in HK80 and HK40 groups. The transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model was used to assess the effect of hyperkalemia on the brain after I/R...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771436/correlations-of-neuronal-apoptosis-with-expressions-of-c-fos-and-c-jun-in-rats-with-post-ischemic-reconditioning-damage
#12
P Xiao, X-W Liu, N-N Zhao, R Fang, Q Wen, K-X Zeng, Y-L Wang
OBJECTIVE: Transcription factors (c-Fos and c-Jun) have been considered to play roles in the initiation of programmed nerve cell death. However, the roles of c-Fos and c-Jun protein expressions in neuronal apoptosis of rats with post-ischemic reconditioning damage were not clarified. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlations of protein expressions of c-Fos and c-Jun with neuronal apoptosis of rats with post-ischemic reconditioning damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat models of post-ischemic reconditioning were established firstly...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771435/lncrna-meg3-participates-in-neuronal-cell-injury-induced-by-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-via-inhibiting-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#13
Z Liang, Y-J Chi, G-Q Lin, L-F Xiao, G-L Su, L-M Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of LncRNA MEG3 in the subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and its underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expressions of lncRNA MEG3 in SAH patients and animal model were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). After LncRNA MEG3 was overexpressed in neurons by lentivirus, viability and apoptosis abilities were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry, and TUNEL assay, respectively. The apoptosis-related genes and Pi3k/Akt pathway-related proteins were further detected by a Western blot...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771434/ptprj-as1-mediates-inflammatory-injury-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage-by-activating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#14
J Wen, C-Y Yang, J Lu, X-Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at investigating the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Ptprj-as1 and the role of lncRNAPtprj-as1 in inflammatory cells after intracerebral hemorrhage and its potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage was established. Expressions of Ptprj-as1 and inflammatory cytokines in inflammatory cells were detected by quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). After BV2 cells were transfected with lentivirus, cell proliferation, migrative ability and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, transwell chamber and flow cytometry, respectively...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771433/microrna-23a-3p-promotes-the-perihematomal-edema-formation-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage-via-zo-1
#15
Y-L Hu, H Wang, Q Huang, G Wang, H-B Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between microRNA-23a-3p expression and perihematomal edema (PHE) in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data and blood samples on the 3rd day after ICH onset were collected. Head CT was performed in each subject when admitted. Serum expressions of microRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The relationship between hematoma volume and perihematomal edema was analyzed by correlation analysis...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771432/regulatory-mechanism-of-microrna-377-on-cdh13-expression-in-the-cell-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
F-F Liu, Z Zhang, W Chen, H-Y Gu, Q-J Yan
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether microRNA-377 could participate in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by regulating CDH13. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this research, AD model was constructed by the SH-SY5Y cells. The expression levels of microRNA-377 and CDH13 in the AD model were detected by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The cell viability and apoptosis after knockdown of microRNA-377 and CDH13 were measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry, respectively...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771431/study-of-molecular-mechanisms-of-learning-and-memory-impairment-in-neonatal-rats-post-intrauterine-distress-via-the-pathway-of-tau-protein-hyperphosphorylation
#17
X-S Wang, H Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the reversion of the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists against the impairment of learning-memory and the hyperphosphorylation of protein Tau induced by fetal intrauterine distress in neonatal rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis of variance of factorial design set up two intervention factors, fetal intrauterine distress (two levels: no fetal intrauterine distress and a course of fetal intrauterine distress) and the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists (three levels: Saline; NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801; astragalosides)...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771430/senp3-protects-h9c2-cells-from-apoptosis-triggered-by-h-r-via-stat3-pathway
#18
Y Zhang, L-M Zheng, C-X Wang, J-M Gu, S Xue
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether SENP3 protects H9C2 cells from apoptosis triggered by H/R through the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male C57BL mice were cultured and mouse models of myocardial I/RI were established. At the same time, cardiomyoblast H9C2 cell line of rat embryo was cultured. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was detected during H/R using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH) kit...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771429/the-relationship-between-number-and-function-of-epcs-and-concentration-of-vegf165-and-sdf-1-in-coronary-artery-spasm
#19
Z-Q Sheng, Y-F Li, K-L Zheng, H-H Lu, J Xie, H Wu, B Xu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at investigating the functions of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the pathophysiology of coronary artery spasm (CAS) and coronary artery disease (CAD), as well as to evaluate the correlation of these diseases with the number and function of EPCs, the plasma concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF165) and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited into three groups, CAS, CAD and the control...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771428/ampk-regulates-energy-metabolism-through-the-sirt1-signaling-pathway-to-improve-myocardial-hypertrophy
#20
H-W Dong, L-F Zhang, S-L Bao
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlations of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), Silence information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and energy metabolism with myocardial hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Myocardial hypertrophy experimental model was established via transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced myocardial hypertrophy and phenylephrine (PE)-induced hypertrophic myocardial cell culture. After activation of AMPK, the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expressions in myocardial tissue- and myocardial cell hypertrophy-related genes, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), were detected...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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