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Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology

Mei-Jiao Zhang, Fang Liu, Yan-Tuan Li, Cui-Wei Yan, Zhi-Yong Wu
A new tetracopper(II) complex bridged both by oxamido and carboxylato groups, namely [Cu4 (dmaepox)2 (bpy)2 ](NO3 )2 ·2H2 O, where H3 dmaepox and bpy represent N-benzoato-N'- (3-methylaminopropyl)oxamide and 2,2'-bipyridine, was synthesized, and its structure reveals the presence of a centrosymmetric cyclic tetracopper(II) cation assembled by a pair of cis-dmaepox(3-) - bridged dicopper(II) units through the carboxylato groups, in which the endo- and exo-copper(II) ions bridged by the oxamido group have a square-planar and a square-pyramidal coordination geometries, respectively...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Shivraj Hariram Nile, Young Soo Keum, Arti Shivraj Nile, Shivkumar S Jalde, Rahul V Patel
The synthesized flavonoid derivatives were examined for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, xanthine oxidase (XO), urease inhibitory activity, and cytotoxicity. Except few, all the flavonoids under this study showed significant antioxidant activity (45.6%-85.5%, 32.6%-70.6%, and 24.9%-65.5% inhibition by DPPH, ferric reducing/antioxidant power, and oxygen radical absorption capacity assays) with promising TNF-α inhibitory activity (42%-73% at 10 μM) and IL-6 inhibitory activity (54%-81% at 10 μM) compared with that of control dexamethasone...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Anwesha Chatterjee, Amruta Ronghe, Subhash B Padhye, David A Spade, Nimee K Bhat, Hari K Bhat
The objective of the present study was to characterize the role of novel resveratrol (Res) analogs: 4-(E)-{(4-hydroxyphenylimino)-methylbenzene, 1, 2-diol} (HPIMBD) and 4-(E)-{(p-tolylimino)-methylbenzene-1,2-diol} (TIMBD) as potent antioxidants against breast cancer. Non-neoplastic breast epithelial cell lines MCF-10A and MCF-10F were treated with 17β-estradiol (E2), Res, HPIMBD, and TIMBD for up to 72 h. mRNA and protein levels of antioxidant genes, superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) and N-quinoneoxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) and transcription factors, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf) 1, 2 and 3 were quantified after the above treatments...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Jing Ni, Hong Gu, Wuhao Hu, Fang Zhou, Xue Zhu, Ke Wang
The association between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) G994T gene polymorphism and the risk of ischemic stroke is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of Lp-PLA2 G994T genetic variant on the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke in Chinese population. A total of 348 patients with a clinical diagnosis of ischemic stroke and 260 gender-matched control subjects under physical examination were recruited from hospitals and genotyped for G994T gene polymorphism. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the genotype distribution between the two groups and people with GT or TT genotype were associated with the higher risk of ischemic stroke even after adjusting the effects of potential confounding factors...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Ümit M Koçyiğit, Sevgi Durna Daştan, Parham Taslimi, Taner Daştan, İlhami Gülçin
In this study, carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzyme was purified and characterized from blood samples of Kangal Akkaraman sheep and inhibitory properties on certain antibiotics were examined. CA purification was composed of preparation of the hemolysate and conducting the Sepharose-4B-tyrosine-sulfanilamide affinity gel chromatography in having specific activity of 11626 EU mg(-1) , yield of 14.40%, and 242.76-fold purification. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was performed to assess the enzyme purity and a single band was observed...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Xue Zhu, Ke Wang, Yong Yao, Kai Zhang, Fanfan Zhou, Ling Zhu
Ziyuglycoside I (Ziyu I), one of the major components isolated from the root of Sanguisorba officinalis L., has been proved for the antitumor properties on oral cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer. However, the effect of Ziyu I on retinoblastoma (RB) is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect and underlying molecular mechanism of Ziyu I on human RB WERI-Rb-1 cells. Our results indicated that Ziyu I could suppress cell viability and induce mitochondrial-dependent cell apoptosis in WERI-Rb-1 cells...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Xiaoping Liu, Weiping Ma, Yanli Yan, Suge Wu
Previous study has demonstrated that high mobility group nucleosome-binding domain 5 (HMGN5) is involved in tumorigenesis and the development of multidrug resistance in several human cancers. However, the role of HMGN5 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. Here, we showed that HMGN5 was significantly upregulated in ESCC cells. Knockdown of HMGN5 significantly inhibited cell growth and induced cell apoptosis of ESCC cells. Moreover, knockdown of HMGN5 increased the sensitivity of ESCC cells towards cisplatin...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Amany M Gad, Ola M Abd El-Raouf, Bahia M El-Sayeh, Hala M Fawzy, Dalaal M Abdallah
Renal toxicity is one of the most severe complications that can occur with cisplatin (CIS) administration in cancer patients. Montelukast (ML) renoprotective outcome contrary to CIS-drawn nephrotoxicity remains obscure. Therefore, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally given ML (10 and 20 mg/kg/day) 5 days before and after single CIS (5 mg/kg; i.p.) treatment. ML returned blood urea nitrogen, as well as serum creatinine and gamma glutamyl transferase that were elevated by CIS to normal level. The improved kidney function tests corroborated the attenuation of CIS renal injury at the microscopical level...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Parham Taslimi, Cuneyt Caglayan, İlhami Gulcin
Natural products from food and plant sources have been used for medicinal usage for ages. Also, natural products with therapeutic significance are compounds derived from animals, plants, or any microorganism. In this study, chrysin, carvacrol, hesperidin, zingerone, and naringin as natural phenols showed excellent inhibitory effects against human (h) carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms I and II (hCA I and II), α-glucosidase (α-Gly), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). These phenolic compounds were tested for the inhibition of α-glycosidase, hCA I, hCA II, AChE, and BChE enzymes and demonstrated efficient inhibition profiles with Ki values in the range of 3...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Aliye Altundas, Berna Gül, Murat Çankaya, Ali Atasever, İlhami Gülçin
The conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and bicarbonate (HCO3(-) ) to each other is very important for living metabolism. Carbonic anhydrase (CA, E.C., a metalloenzyme familly, catalyzes the interconversion of these ions (CO2 and HCO3(-) ) and are very common in living organisms. In this study, a series of novel 2-amino-3-cyanopyridines supported with some functional groups was synthesized and tested as potential inhibition effects against both cytosolic human CA I and II isoenzymes (hCA I and II) using by Sepharose-4B-l-tyrosine-sulfanilamide affinity chromatography...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Qianqian Wu, Jingqiang Wan, Zhuo He, Rutao Liu
The effect of N-acetyl-l-cysteine-capped CdTe quantum dots (NAC-CdTe QDs) with different sizes on lysozyme was investigated by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), enzyme activity assays, and multi-spectroscopic methods. ITC results proved that NAC-CdTe QDs can spontaneously bind with lysozyme and hydrophobic force plays a major role in stabilizing QDs-lysozyme complex. Multi-spectroscopic measurements revealed that NAC-CdTe QDs caused strong quenching of the lysozyme's fluorescence in a size-dependent quenching manner...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Roy E Barnewall, Carol G Riffle, Randy L Jones, David J Guistino, Richard M Chou, Mike S Anderson, Michelle L Vassar, Carrie A Howland
Ricin toxin may be used as a biological warfare agent and no medical countermeasures are currently available. Here, a well-characterized lot of ricin was aerosolized to determine the delivered dose for future pre-clinical efficacy studies.  Mouse intraperitoneal (IP) median lethal dose (LD50 ) bioassay measured potency at 5.62 and 7.35 μg/kg on Days 0 and 365, respectively. Additional analyses included total protein, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Western blotting, and rabbit reticulocyte lysate activity assay...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Xiaojie Wang, Qing Peng, Feng Jiang, Li Xue, Jiafu Li, Zhongcai Fan, Pan Chen, Guo Chen, Yihua Cai
This study was undertaken to determine the role of secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) in endothelial oxidative injury. Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were exposed to different oxidative stimuli and examined for SFRP5 expression. The effects of SFRP5 overexpression and knockdown on cell viability, apoptosis, and reactive oxygen species production were measured. HAECs treated with angiotensin (Ang) II (1 μM) or oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) (150 μg/mL) showed a significant increase in SFRP5 expression...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Taner Dastan, Umit M Kocyigit, Sevgi Durna Dastan, Pakize Canturk Kilickaya, Parham Taslimi, Ozge Cevik, Metin Koparir, Cahit Orek, İlhami Gulçin, Ahmet Cetin
The aim of this study was to evaluate biologically active novel molecules having potentials to be drugs by their antitumor properties and by activities of apoptotic caspase and topoisomerase. Following syntheses of novel eight bis(α-aminoalkyl)phosphinic acid derivatives (4a-h) as a result of array of reactions, compounds were evaluated by cytotoxic effects in vitro on human breast cancer (MCF-7) and normal endothelial (HUVEC) cell lines. All phosphinic acid derivatives were effective for cytotoxicity on both MCF-7 and HUVEC lines, while 4c, 4e, and 4f compounds were found significantly more effective...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Laila Mohamed Fadda, Hala A Attia, Nouf Mohamed Al-Rasheed, Hanaa Mahmoud Ali, Manal Aldossari
This study aimed to explore the efficiency of carnosine (Cs) and/or l-arginine (Agn) in the downregulation of apoptotic and inflammatory molecule expression and DNA damage caused hepatic injury in response to sodium nitrite (Sd)-induced hypoxia in rats. Rats were injected with Sd; Agn or/and Cs were administrated prior to Sd intoxication. Sd significantly decreased hemoglobin concentration and Bcl-2 mRNA expression, while increased expressions of apoptotic markers (Bax and caspase), tumor necrosis factor-α, nuclear factor kappa B, and C-reactive protein and the oxidative DNA damage in hepatic tissue...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Ebtehal Mohammad Fikry, Wedad A Hassan, Amany M Gad
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an ideal adult stem cell with capacity for self-renewal and differentiation with an extensive tissue distribution. The present study evaluates the therapeutic effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) or adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) against the development of methotrexate (MTX)-induced cardiac fibrosis versus dexamethasone (DEX). Rats were allocated into five groups; group 1, received normal saline orally; group 2, received MTX (14 mg/kg/week for 2 weeks); groups 3 and 4, treated once with 2 × 10(6) cells of MTX + BM-MSCs and MTX + AD-MSCs, respectively; and group 5, MTX + DEX (0...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Judy Yuet-Wa Chan, Hefeng Zhou, Yiu Wa Kwan, Shun Wan Chan, Gandhi Radis-Baptista, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee
Crotamine is defensin-like cationic peptide from rattlesnake venom that possesses anticancer, antimicrobial, and antifungal properties. Despite these promising biological activities, toxicity is a major concern associated with the development of venom-derived peptides as therapeutic agents. In the present study, we used zebrafish as a system model to evaluate the toxicity of rhodamine B-conjugated (RhoB) crotamine derivative. The lethal toxic concentration of RhoB-crotamine was as low as 4 μM, which effectively kill zebrafish larvae in less than 10 min...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Hanan A Rizk, Marwa A Masoud, Omar W Maher
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a chemotherapeutic agent widely used in human malignancies. Its long-term use cause neurobiological side effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prophylactic effect exerted by daily administration of ellagic acid (EA) and rosmarinic acid (RA) on DOX-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Our data showed that DOX-induced significant elevation of brain malondialdehyde, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), caspase-3, and cholinesterase associated with significant reduction in reduced glutathione, monoamines namely serotonin, dopamine, as well as norepinephrine...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Parham Taslimi, Hülya Akıncıoglu, İlhami Gülçin
In this paper, synephrine and phenylephrine compounds showed excellent inhibitory effects against human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isoforms I and II, α-amylase, α-glycosidase, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Synephrine and phenylephrine had Ki values of 199.02 ± 16.01 and 65.01 ± 5.00 μM against hCA I and 336.02 ± 74.01 and 92.04  ±  18.03 μM against hCA II, respectively. On the other hand, their Ki values were found to be 169.10  ±  80.03 and 88.03  ±  5...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Ahmady Y Ahmed, Amany M Gad, Ola M Abd El-Raouf
Exposure to drugs often results in toxicity in the kidney which represents the major control system maintaining homeostasis of the body and thus is especially susceptible to xenobiotics. Nephrotoxicity is a life-threatening side-effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Diclofenac is one of the most frequently prescribed NSAIDs and have been reported to cause multiple organs damage. Curcumin (CUR) exhibits nephroprotective properties. Therefore, rats were divided into four groups; rats of groups 3 and 4 received diclofenac (100 mg/kg, i...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
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