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Public Health Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060568/inspection-frequency-sociodemographic-factors-and-food-safety-violations-in-chain-and-nonchain-restaurants-philadelphia-pennsylvania-2013-2014
#1
Sarah E Leinwand, Karen Glanz, Brendan T Keenan, Charles C Branas
OBJECTIVES: We explored how restaurant inspection frequency and restaurant neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics are related to food safety inspection outcomes in chain and nonchain restaurants to better understand external factors that may influence inspection outcomes. METHODS: We categorized the results of restaurant inspections in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 2013 and 2014 by restaurant type (chain or nonchain), inspection frequency (1, 2, or ≥3 per 2-year study period), and violation type (total number of violations, foodborne-illness risk factor violation, or good retail practice violation)...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005488/doctor-of-public-health-education-and-training
#2
Barry R Sherman, Rebecca Hoen, Joel M Lee, Eugene R Declercq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005487/perinatal-hiv-exposure-surveillance-and-reporting-in-the-united-states-2014
#3
Kathleen A Brady, Deborah S Storm, Azita Naghdi, Toni Frederick, Jessica Fridge, Mary Jo Hoyt
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the current status of perinatal HIV exposure surveillance (PHES) activities and regulations in the United States and to make recommendations to strengthen PHES. METHODS: In 2014, we sent an online survey to health departments in the 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and 6 cities and counties (Chicago, Illinois; Houston, Texas; Los Angeles, California; New York, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and San Francisco, California)...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005486/student-practicum-as-a-bridge-to-governmental-public-health-practice
#4
Emily M Burke, Dorothy A Biberman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005485/infectious-disease-hospitalizations-among-american-indian-alaska-native-and-non-american-indian-alaska-native-persons-in-alaska-2010-2011
#5
Prabhu P Gounder, Robert C Holman, Sara M Seeman, Alice J Rarig, Mary McEwen, Claudia A Steiner, Michael L Bartholomew, Thomas W Hennessy
OBJECTIVE: Reports about infectious disease (ID) hospitalization rates among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons have been constrained by data limited to the tribal health care system and by comparisons with the general US population. We used a merged state database to determine ID hospitalization rates in Alaska. METHODS: We combined 2010 and 2011 hospital discharge data from the Indian Health Service and the Alaska State Inpatient Database. We used the merged data set to calculate average annual age-adjusted and age-specific ID hospitalization rates for AI/AN and non-AI/AN persons in Alaska...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005484/state-health-department-requirements-for-reporting-of-antibiotic-resistant-infections-by-providers-united-states-2013-and-2015
#6
Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, Eileen J Carter, Mary Lou Manning, Elaine L Larson
Due to the high burden of antibiotic-resistant infections, several US states mandate public reporting of these infections. To examine the extent to which state departments of health require reporting of antibiotic-resistant infections, we abstracted data from lists of reportable conditions from all 50 states at 2 time points, May 2013 and May 2015. Requirements varied substantially by state. In 2015, most states (n = 44) required reporting of at least 1 antibiotic-resistant infection; vancomycin-intermediate and/or vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequently reportable infection (n = 40)...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005483/a-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-lens-toward-value-based-preventive-care-and-population-health
#7
Carlye Burd, Nina C Brown, Pranav Puri, Darshak Sanghavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005482/nchs-dataline
#8
Sandra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005481/trends-in-testing-for-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-from-us-public-health-laboratories-2009-2013
#9
Frances Tyrrell, Cortney Stafford, Mitchell Yakrus, Monica Youngblood, Andrew Hill, Stephanie Johnston
OBJECTIVE: We investigated data from US public health laboratories funded through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Tuberculosis Elimination and Laboratory Cooperative Agreement to document trends and challenges in meeting national objectives in tuberculosis (TB) laboratory diagnoses. METHODS: We examined data on workload and turnaround time from public health laboratories' progress reports during 2009-2013. We reviewed methodologies, laboratory roles, and progress toward rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex through nucleic acid amplification (NAA) testing...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005480/hiv-1-infection-and-transmission-networks-of-younger-people-in-chicago-illinois-2005-2011
#10
Ethan Morgan, Alexandra M Oster, Stephanie Townsell, Donna Peace, Nanette Benbow, John A Schneider
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of HIV nucleotide sequences can be used to identify people with highly similar HIV strains and understand transmission patterns. The objective of this study was to identify groups of people highly connected by HIV transmission and the extent to which transmission occurred within and between geographic areas in Chicago, Illinois. METHODS: We analyzed genetic sequences in the HIV-1 pol region in samples collected from people participating in the VARHS program in Chicago during 2005-2011...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005479/exploring-costing-methods-for-environmental-health-services-in-north-carolina
#11
Simone R Singh, Nancy L Winterbauer, Ashley Tucker, Lisa Macon Harrison
All local health departments in North Carolina are mandated to provide a defined set of environmental health services, yet few have the tools to understand the costs incurred in delivering these services. The objectives of this study were to (1) derive cost estimates for 2 commonly provided environmental health services-food and lodging inspections and on-site water services-and (2) explore factors that drive variations in costs, focusing on the roles of economies of scale and scope. Using data from 15 local health departments in North Carolina, we found that costs varied substantially...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005478/promising-strategies-to-remove-inexpensive-sweet-tobacco-products-from-retail-stores
#12
Cheryl Sbarra, Margaret Reid, Nikysha Harding, Wenjun Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005477/correlates-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-the-targeted-testing-program-of-the-new-york-city-jail-system
#13
Matthew J Akiyama, Fatos Kaba, Zachary Rosner, Howard Alper, Aimee Kopolow, Alain H Litwin, Homer Venters, Ross MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand predictors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody positivity in a large urban jail system in New York City. METHODS: We examined demographic characteristics, risk behaviors, and HCV antibody prevalence among 10 790 jail inmates aged 16 to 86 who were screened from June 13, 2013, to June 13, 2014, based on birth cohort or conventional high-risk criteria. We used logistic regression analysis to determine predictors of HCV antibody positivity...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005476/multi-angle-imager-for-aerosols
#14
Yang Liu, David J Diner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005475/parental-deployment-adolescent-academic-and-social-behavioral-maladjustment-and-parental-psychological-well-being-in-military-families
#15
Nancy Nicosia, Elizabeth Wong, Victoria Shier, Samira Massachi, Ashlesha Datar
OBJECTIVE: Increases in the frequency and length of military deployments have raised concerns about the well-being of military families. We examined the relationship between a military parent's deployment and (1) adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment and (2) parental psychological well-being. METHODS: We collected data from April 2013 through January 2014 from 1021 families of enlisted US Army personnel with children aged 12 or 13 during the Military Teenagers' Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005474/the-influence-of-social-support-on-dyadic-functioning-and-mental-health-among-military-personnel-during-postdeployment-reintegration
#16
Julie A Cederbaum, Sherrie L Wilcox, Kathrine Sullivan, Carrie Lucas, Ashley Schuyler
OBJECTIVES: Although many service members successfully cope with exposure to stress and traumatic experiences, others have symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety; contextual factors may account for the variability in outcomes from these experiences. This work sought to understand mechanisms through which social support influences the mental health of service members and whether dyadic functioning mediates this relationship. METHODS: We collected cross-sectional data as part of a larger study conducted in 2013; 321 military personnel who had at least 1 deployment were included in these analyses...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005473/progress-on-broadband-access-to-the-internet-and-use-of-mobile-devices-in-the-united-states
#17
Katrina J Serrano, Chan L Thai, Alexandra J Greenberg, Kelly D Blake, Richard P Moser, Bradford W Hesse
Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) aims to improve population health outcomes through several objectives, including health communication and health information technology. We used 7 administrations of the Health Information National Trends Survey to examine HP2020 goals toward access to the Internet through broadband and mobile devices (N = 34 080). We conducted descriptive analyses and obtained predicted marginals, also known as model-adjusted risks, to estimate the association between demographic characteristics and use of mobile devices...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005472/stepping-into-healthier-communities
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005471/in-memoriam
#19
Allison J Foster, Rita Kelliher, Anthony J Mazzaschi, Karyn Feiden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005470/fifty-years-of-global-immunization-at-cdc-1966-2015
#20
Eric E Mast, Stephen L Cochi, Olen M Kew, K Lisa Cairns, Peter B Bloland, Rebecca Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
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