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Public Health Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231234/occupational-and-take-home-lead-exposure-among-lead-oxide-manufacturing-employees-north-carolina-2016
#1
Jessica L Rinsky, Sheila Higgins, Kim Angelon-Gaetz, Doris Hogan, Pierre Lauffer, Megan Davies, Aaron Fleischauer, Kristin Musolin, John Gibbins, Jennifer MacFarquhar, Zack Moore
OBJECTIVE: In 2016, North Carolina blood lead level (BLL) surveillance activities identified elevated BLLs among 3 children exposed to take-home lead by household members employed at a lead oxide manufacturing facility. We characterized BLLs among employees and associated children and identified risk factors for occupational and take-home lead exposure. METHODS: We reviewed BLL surveillance data for 2012-2016 to identify facility employees and associated children...
September 19, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227771/trends-in-the-conferral-of-graduate-public-health-degrees-a-triangulated-approach
#2
Jonathon P Leider, Christine M Plepys, Brian C Castrucci, Emily M Burke, Craig H Blakely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223760/disability-rating-and-1-year-mortality-among-veterans-with-service-connected-health-conditions
#3
Charles Maynard, Karin Nelson, Stephan D Fihn
OBJECTIVES: Military service is associated with an increased risk of disability and death after discharge. This study determined the relationships among characteristics, disability ratings, and 1-year mortality risks of veterans receiving compensation for service-connected health conditions (ie, conditions related to illnesses or injuries incurred or aggravated during military service). METHODS: This study included 4 010 720 living veterans who had ≥1 service-connected health condition and were receiving disability compensation on October 1, 2016...
September 17, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223759/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-engagement-in-diabetes-self-management-education-among-people-with-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#4
Eric Adjei Boakye, Amanda Varble, Rebecca Rojek, Olivia Peavler, Anna K Trainer, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Leslie Hinyard
OBJECTIVE: Research outside the United States shows that certain subgroups of patients (eg, those who are older, male, of low socioeconomic status, and uninsured) are less likely than others to report receiving diabetes self-management education (DSME); however, less is known about DSME uptake in the United States. We examined sociodemographic, patient, and behavioral characteristics associated with DSME in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 84 179 adults who self-identified receiving a diagnosis of diabetes...
September 17, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223719/public-health-racism-and-the-lasting-impact-of-hospital-segregation
#5
Emily A Largent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223716/immigrants-use-of-ehealth-services-in-the-united-states-national-health-interview-survey-2011-2015
#6
Yang Wang, D Phuong Do, Fernando A Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the use of electronic health (eHealth) services supported by information technology in the United States among immigrants, a group that faces barriers in accessing care and, consequently, disparities in health outcomes. We examined differences in the use of eHealth services in the United States by immigration status in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We used data from the 2011-2015 National Health Interview Survey to assess use of eHealth services among US natives, naturalized citizens, and noncitizens...
September 17, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188808/pneumonia-associated-hospitalizations-new-york-city-2001-2014
#7
Christopher H Gu, David E Lucero, Chaorui C Huang, Demetre Daskalakis, Jay K Varma, Neil M Vora
OBJECTIVES: Death certificate data indicate that the age-adjusted death rate for pneumonia and influenza is higher in New York City than in the United States. Most pneumonia and influenza deaths are attributed to pneumonia rather than influenza. Because most pneumonia deaths occur in hospitals, we analyzed hospital discharge data to provide insight into the burden of pneumonia in New York City. METHODS: We analyzed data for New York City residents discharged from New York State hospitals with a principal diagnosis of pneumonia, or a secondary diagnosis of pneumonia if the principal diagnosis was respiratory failure or sepsis, during 2001-2014...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188807/quadrivalent-meningococcal-vaccine-uptake-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-during-a-meningococcal-outbreak-in-los-angeles-county-california-2016-2017
#8
Ian W Holloway, Elizabeth S C Wu, Jennifer Gildner, Vincent L Fenimore, Diane Tan, Laura Randall, Paula M Frew
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess meningococcal ACWY (MenACWY) vaccine uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) during an ongoing, invasive meningococcal disease outbreak in Southern California. This research was important to inform future vaccination uptake interventions for this high-priority population. METHODS: We conducted venue-based sampling to recruit and enroll MSM living in Los Angeles County, California, from December 2016 through February 2017...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134128/health-information-blocking-responses-under-the-21st-century-cures-act
#9
Jennifer R Black, Rachel L Hulkower, Tara Ramanathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096027/mortality-ethnicity-and-urbanization-among-children-aged-1-4-years-on-the-us-mexico-border
#10
Jill A McDonald, Lindsey Brantley, Leonard J Paulozzi
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the mortality of children along the US-Mexico border. The objective of our study was to determine whether mortality rates among Hispanic children along the border ("border Hispanic children") exceeded mortality rates among non-Hispanic white children along the border. METHODS: We examined mortality rates from 2001-2015 for children aged 1-4 years in US-Mexico border counties and in the United States overall. We compared mortality rates among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white children by county urbanization level (large central, medium, and small metropolitan; micropolitan nonmetropolitan; and noncore nonmetropolitan)...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096026/perinatal-hiv-service-coordination-closing-gaps-in-the-hiv-care-continuum-for-pregnant-women-and-eliminating-perinatal-hiv-transmission-in-the-united-states
#11
Mary-Margaret Andrews, Deborah S Storm, Carolyn K Burr, Erika Aaron, Mary Jo Hoyt, Anne Statton, Shannon Weber
Eliminating perinatal transmission of HIV and improving the care of childbearing women living with HIV in the United States require public health and clinical leadership. The Comprehensive Care Workgroup of the Elimination of Perinatal HIV Transmission Stakeholders Group, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, developed a concept of perinatal HIV service coordination (PHSC) and identified 6 core functions through (1) semistructured exploratory interviews with contacts in 11 state or city health departments from April 2011 through February 2012, (2) literature review and summary of data on gaps in services and outcomes, and (3) group meetings from August 2010 through June 2017...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096022/consistency-of-state-statutes-and-regulations-with-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-2006-perinatal-hiv-testing-recommendations
#12
Sheila Salvant Valentine, Amelia Poulin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096016/public-health-implications-of-housing-laws-nuisance-evictions
#13
Katie Moran-McCabe, Abraham Gutman, Scott Burris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091942/strengthening-the-effectiveness-of-national-state-and-local-efforts-to-improve-hpv-vaccination-coverage-in-the-united-states-recommendations-from-the-national-vaccine-advisory-committee
#14
(no author information available yet)
In February 2018, recognizing the suboptimal rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the United States, the assistant secretary for health of the US Department of Health and Human Services charged the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC) with providing recommendations on how to strengthen the effectiveness of national, state, and local efforts to improve HPV vaccination coverage rates. In the same month, the NVAC established the HPV Vaccination Implementation Working Group and assigned it to develop these recommendations...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084738/the-landscape-of-us-undergraduate-public-health-education
#15
Beth Resnick, Jonathon P Leider, Richard Riegelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075094/development-of-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance-of-substance-use-and-mental-health
#16
Richard S Hopkins, Michael Landen, Megan Toe
Substance use and mental health disorders can result in disability, death, and economic cost. In the United States, rates of death from suicide, drug overdose, and chronic liver disease (a marker for alcohol abuse) have been rising for the past 15 years. Good public health surveillance for these disorders, their consequences, and their risk factors is crucially important for their prevention and control, but surveillance has not been conducted consistently in the states. In 2015, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists convened a workgroup to develop a set of uniformly defined surveillance indicators that could be used by state and local health departments to monitor these disorders and to compare their occurrence in various jurisdictions...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067452/incidence-distribution-and-cost-of-lawn-mower-injuries-in-the-united-states-2006-2013
#17
Daniel G Hottinger, Isam Nasr, Joseph K Canner, Deepa Kattail, Rahul Koka, Deborah Schwengel
OBJECTIVES: Characterization of the epidemiology and cost of lawn-mower injuries is potentially useful to inform injury prevention and health policy efforts. We examined the incidence, distribution, types and severity, and emergency department (ED) and hospitalization charges of lawn-mower injuries among all age groups across the United States. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study used nationally representative, population-based (all-payer) data from the US Nationwide Emergency Department Sample for lawn-mower-related ED visits and hospitalizations from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067450/biological-risk-and-infection-profiles-of-young-adult-male-mexican-american-gang-members
#18
Alice Cepeda, Kathryn M Nowotny, Jessica Frankeberger, Jarron M Saint Onge, Avelardo Valdez
OBJECTIVES: Little research has examined the long-term health consequences of gang affiliation among Mexican Americans. The objectives of this study were to (1) measure biological indicators of cardiovascular and metabolic risk, as well as prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), in a sample of Mexican American men aged 25-40 who were affiliated with gangs as adolescents and (2) compare those indicators with a comparable national sample of Latino men. METHODS: Using bivariate analyses, we compared blood pressure, body mass index, 4 metabolic and cardiovascular indicators, and 4 infections for 179 Mexican American formerly gang-affiliated men in San Antonio, Texas, and 155 Mexican American men from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067447/nhcs-dataline
#19
Sandra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30011382/writing-for-public-health-strategies-for-teaching-writing-in-a-school-or-program-of-public-health
#20
Sara L C Mackenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Public Health Reports
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