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Public Health Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448769/dental-therapists-a-solution-to-a-shortage-of-dentists-in-underserved-communities
#1
Y Tony Yang, Brian Chen, Tanya Wanchek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426291/the-structure-of-policy-networks-for-injury-and-violence-prevention-in-15-us-cities
#2
Jenine K Harris, Melissa Jonson-Reid, Bobbi J Carothers, Patrick Fowler
OBJECTIVES: Changes in policy can reduce violence and injury; however, little is known about how partnerships among organizations influence policy development, adoption, and implementation. To understand partnerships among organizations working on injury and violence prevention (IVP) policy, we examined IVP policy networks in 15 large US cities. METHODS: In summer 2014, we recruited 15 local health departments (LHDs) to participate in the study. They identified an average of 28...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406735/capture-recapture-using-existing-data-sources-to-improve-perinatal-hepatitis-b-surveillance-philadelphia-2008-2014
#3
Danica E Kuncio, E Claire Newbern, Liyuan Ma, Robbie Madera, Bruce Barlow, S Ginny Robison, Kendra M Viner, Caroline C Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the capture-recapture method used by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health to enhance surveillance of perinatal hepatitis B virus (HBV), report on results and limitations of the process, and determine why some HBV-positive mother-infant pairs were not initially identified by Philadelphia's Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program (PHBPP). METHODS: We performed capture-recapture retrospectively for births in 2008 and 2009 in Philadelphia and prospectively for births from 2010 to 2014 by independently matching annual birth certificate data to PHBPP and HBV surveillance data...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402757/partners-in-public-health-public-health-collaborations-with-schools-of-pharmacy-2015
#4
Natalie A DiPietro Mager, Leslie Ochs, Paul L Ranelli, Abby A Kahaleh, Monina R Lahoz, Radha V Patel, Oscar W Garza, Diana Isaacs, Suzanne Clark
To collect data on public health collaborations with schools of pharmacy, we sent a short electronic survey to accredited and preaccredited pharmacy programs in 2015. We categorized public health collaborations as working or partnering with local and/or state public health departments, local and/or state public health organizations, academic schools or programs of public health, and other public health collaborations. Of 134 schools, 65 responded (49% response rate). Forty-six (71%) responding institutions indicated collaborations with local and/or state public health departments, 34 (52%) with schools or programs of public health, and 24 (37%) with local and/or state public health organizations...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402751/economic-disparities-and-syphilis-incidence-in-massachusetts-2001-2013
#5
Laura Smock, Evan Caten, Katherine Hsu, Alfred DeMaria
OBJECTIVES: We used area-level indicators of poverty to describe economic disparities in the incidence rate of infectious syphilis in Massachusetts to (1) determine whether methods developed in earlier AIDS analyses in Massachusetts could be applied to syphilis and (2) characterize syphilis trends during a time of increased rates of syphilis incidence. METHODS: Using census tract data and population counts from the US Census Bureau and Massachusetts data on syphilis, we analyzed the incidence rate of syphilis infection from 2001 to 2013 by the poverty level of the census tract in which people with syphilis resided, stratified by age, sex, and race/ethnicity...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395143/legal-authority-for-mosquito-control-and-pesticide-use-in-the-united-states
#6
Dawn Pepin, Matthew Penn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395142/tax-avoidance-and-evasion-cigarette-purchases-from-indian-reservations-among-us-adult-smokers-2010-2011
#7
Xu Wang, Xin Xu, Michael A Tynan, Robert B Gerzoff, Ralph S Caraballo, Gabbi R Promoff
Excise taxes are the primary public health strategy used to increase the price of cigarettes in the United States. Rather than quitting or reducing consumption of cigarettes, some price-sensitive smokers may avoid state and local excise taxes by purchasing cigarettes from Indian reservations. The objectives of this study were to (1) provide the most recent state-specific prevalence of purchases made on Indian reservations by non-American Indians/Alaska Natives (non-AI/ANs) and (2) assess the impact of these purchases on state tax revenues...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394707/sociodemographic-and-clinical-risk-factors-associated-with-tuberculosis-mortality-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#8
Haylea A Hannah, Roque Miramontes, Neel R Gandhi
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of our study were (1) to determine risk factors associated with tuberculosis (TB)-specific and non-TB-specific mortality among patients with TB and (2) to examine whether risk factors for TB-specific mortality differed from those for non-TB-specific mortality. METHODS: We obtained data from the National Tuberculosis Surveillance System and included all patients who had TB between 2009 and 2013 in the United States and its territories. We used multinomial logistic regression analysis to determine the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of each risk factor for TB-specific and non-TB-specific mortality...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394699/administrative-preparedness-strategies-expediting-procurement-and-contracting-cycle-times-during-an-emergency
#9
David Hurst, Sharon Sharpe, Valerie A Yeager
We assessed whether administrative preparedness processes that were intended to expedite the acquisition of goods and services during a public health emergency affect estimated procurement and contracting cycle times. We obtained data from 2014-2015 applications to the Hospital Preparedness Program and Public Health Emergency Preparedness (HPP-PHEP) cooperative agreements. We compared the estimated procurement and contracting cycle times of 61 HPP-PHEP awardees that did and did not have certain administrative processes in place...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379785/voluntarily-reported-immunization-registry-data-reliability-and-feasibility-to-predict-immunization-rates-san-diego-california-2013
#10
Zachary J Madewell, Robert B Wester, Wendy W Wang, Tyler C Smith, K Michael Peddecord, Jessica Morris, Heidi DeGuzman, Mark H Sawyer, Eric C McDonald
OBJECTIVES: Accurate data on immunization coverage levels are essential to public health program planning. Reliability of coverage estimates derived from immunization information systems (IISs) in states where immunization reporting by medical providers is not mandated by the state may be compromised by low rates of participation. To overcome this problem, data on coverage rates are often acquired through random-digit-dial telephone surveys, which require substantial time and resources...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379784/evaluation-of-diagnostic-codes-in-morbidity-and-mortality-data-sources-for-heat-related-illness-surveillance
#11
Laurel Harduar Morano, Sharon Watkins
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to identify patients with heat-related illness (HRI) using codes for heat-related injury diagnosis and external cause of injury in 3 administrative data sets: emergency department (ED) visit records, hospital discharge records, and death certificates. METHODS: We obtained data on ED visits, hospitalizations, and deaths for Florida residents for May 1 through October 31, 2005-2012. To identify patients with HRI, we used codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification ( ICD-9-CM) to search data on ED visits and hospitalizations and codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision ( ICD-10) to search data on deaths...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379782/overcoming-barriers-and-identifying-opportunities-for-developing-maternal-immunizations-recommendations-from-the-national-vaccine-advisory-committee
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363034/machine-learning-algorithms-to-code-public-health-spending-accounts
#13
Eoghan S Brady, Jonathon P Leider, Beth A Resnick, Y Natalia Alfonso, David Bishai
OBJECTIVES: Government public health expenditure data sets require time- and labor-intensive manipulation to summarize results that public health policy makers can use. Our objective was to compare the performances of machine-learning algorithms with manual classification of public health expenditures to determine if machines could provide a faster, cheaper alternative to manual classification. METHODS: We used machine-learning algorithms to replicate the process of manually classifying state public health expenditures, using the standardized public health spending categories from the Foundational Public Health Services model and a large data set from the US Census Bureau...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358997/association-between-parental-barriers-to-accessing-a-usual-source-of-care-and-children-s-receipt-of-preventive-services
#14
John Bellettiere, Emmeline Chuang, Suzanne C Hughes, Isaac Quintanilla, C Richard Hofstetter, Melbourne F Hovell
OBJECTIVES: Preventive health services are important for child development, and parents play a key role in facilitating access to services. This study examined how parents' reasons for not having a usual source of care were associated with their children's receipt of preventive services. METHODS: We used pooled data from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34‚ÄČ843 participants). Parents' reasons for not having a usual source of care were framed within the Penchansky and Thomas model of access and measured through 3 dichotomous indicators: financial barriers (affordability), attitudes and beliefs about health care (acceptability), and all other nonfinancial barriers (accessibility, accommodation, and availability)...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358991/ground-turmeric-as-a-source-of-lead-exposure-in-the-united-states
#15
Whitney Cowell, Thomas Ireland, Donna Vorhees, Wendy Heiger-Bernays
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358990/a-feasibility-study-on-using-an-internet-panel-survey-to-measure-perceptions-of-e-cigarettes-in-3-metropolitan-areas-2015
#16
Eric A Miller, Lewis Berman, Audie Atienza, Deirdre Middleton, Ronaldo Iachan, Robert Tortora, John Boyle
OBJECTIVES: Internet-panel surveys are emerging as a means to quickly and cost-effectively collect health data, and because of their large memberships, they could be used for community-level surveys. To determine the feasibility of using an internet-panel survey to quickly provide community-level data, we conducted a pilot test of a health survey in 3 US metropolitan areas. METHODS: We conducted internet-panel surveys in Cleveland, Ohio; New York, New York; and Seattle, Washington, in 2015...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358619/estimating-demand-for-and-supply-of-pediatric-preventive-dental-care-for-children-and-identifying-dental-care-shortage-areas-georgia-2015
#17
Shanshan Cao, Monica Gentili, Paul M Griffin, Susan O Griffin, Pravara Harati, Ben Johnson, Nicoleta Serban, Scott Tomar
OBJECTIVES: Demand for dental care is expected to outpace supply through 2025. The objectives of this study were to determine the extent of pediatric dental care shortages in Georgia and to develop a general method for estimation that can be applied to other states. METHODS: We estimated supply and demand for pediatric preventive dental care for the 159 counties in Georgia in 2015. We compared pediatric preventive dental care shortage areas (where demand exceeded twice the supply) designated by our methods with dental health professional shortage areas designated by the Health Resources & Services Administration...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346856/an-experiential-service-learning-project-on-observed-smoking-behavior-to-teach-practical-epidemiologic-skills-to-mph-students-philadelphia-2015
#18
Russell K McIntire, Brittany M DiVito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257261/outbreak-of-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-homeless-people-in-atlanta-georgia-2008-2015
#19
Krista M Powell, Daniel S VanderEnde, David P Holland, Maryam B Haddad, Benjamin Yarn, Aliya S Yamin, Omar Mohamed, Rose-Marie F Sales, Lauren E DiMiceli, Gail Burns-Grant, Erik J Reaves, Tracie J Gardner, Susan M Ray
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to describe and determine the factors contributing to a recent drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) outbreak in Georgia. METHODS: We defined an outbreak case as TB diagnosed from March 2008 through December 2015 in a person residing in Georgia at the time of diagnosis and for whom (1) the genotype of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolate was consistent with the outbreak strain or (2) TB was diagnosed clinically without a genotyped isolate available and connections were established to another outbreak-associated patient...
March 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192676/crossing-boundaries
#20
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Tyler Bysshe, Brian K Bruen
OBJECTIVES: Previous state interagency collaborations have led to successful tobacco cessation initiatives. The objective of this study was to assess the roles and interaction of state Medicaid and public health agency efforts to support tobacco cessation for low-income Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: We interviewed Medicaid and state public health agency officials in 8 states in September and October 2015 about collaborations in policy development and implementation for Medicaid tobacco cessation, including Medicaid coverage policies, quitlines, and monitoring...
March 2017: Public Health Reports
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