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Public Health Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448872/emotional-well-being-and-public-health-proposal-for-a-model-national-initiative
#1
Sophie C Feller, Enrico G Castillo, Jared M Greenberg, Pilar Abascal, Richard Van Horn, Kenneth B Wells
In 2011, the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council named mental and emotional well-being as 1 of 7 priority areas for the National Prevention Strategy. In this article, we discuss emotional well-being as a scientific concept and its relevance to public health. We review evidence that supports the association between emotional well-being and health. We propose a national emotional well-being initiative and describe its 6 components: systematic measurement of emotional well-being, identification of the drivers of emotional well-being, formation of partnerships with diverse stakeholders, implementation and dissemination of evidence-based interventions to promote emotional well-being and its drivers, development of public health messaging, and identification of and strategies to address disparities in emotional well-being and its drivers...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438623/interdisciplinary-dissertation-research-among-public-health-doctoral-trainees-2003-2015
#2
Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann M Holmes, Joanna R Jackson, Brittany L Brown-Podgorski, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: Given the call for more interdisciplinary research in public health, the objectives of this study were to (1) examine the correlates of interdisciplinary dissertation completion and (2) identify secondary fields most common among interdisciplinary public health graduates. METHODS: We analyzed pooled cross-sectional data from 11 120 doctoral graduates in the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2003-2015. The primary outcome was interdisciplinary dissertation completion...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425081/impacts-of-federally-funded-state-obesity-programs-on-adult-obesity-prevalence-in-the-united-states-1998-2010
#3
Keumseok Koh, Sue C Grady, Igor Vojnovic, Joe T Darden
OBJECTIVES: From 2000 to 2010, the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 37 state health departments to address the obesity epidemic in their states through various interventions. The objective of this study was to investigate the overall impacts of CDC-DNPAO statewide intervention programs on adult obesity prevalence in the United States. METHODS: We used a set of an individual-level, interrupted time-series regression and a quasi-experimental analysis to evaluate the overall effect of CDC-DNPAO intervention programs before (1998-1999) and after (2010) their implementation by using data from CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420924/modernizing-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-informatics-using-surveillance-data-platform-shared-services
#4
Brian Lee, Tonya Martin, Agha Khan, Kathleen Fullerton, Wil Duck, Teresa Kinley, Suzette Stoutenburg, Jason Hall, Melvin Crum, Macarena C Garcia, Michael F Iademarco, Chesley L Richards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420922/mortality-and-cause-of-death-in-younger-homeless-veterans
#5
John A Schinka, Katherine C Leventhal, William A Lapcevic, Roger Casey
OBJECTIVES: Increased mortality has been documented in older homeless veterans. This retrospective study examined mortality and cause of death in a cohort of young and middle-aged homeless veterans. METHODS: We examined US Department of Veterans Affairs records on homelessness and health care for 2000-2003 and identified 23 898 homeless living veterans and 65 198 non-homeless living veterans aged 30-54. We used National Death Index records to determine survival status...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389251/the-rapid-escalation-of-fentanyl-in-illicit-drug-evidence-in-allegheny-county-pennsylvania-2010-2016
#6
Kathleen E Creppage, Joshua Yohannan, Karl Williams, Jeanine M Buchanich, Thomas J Songer, Stephen R Wisniewski, Anthony Fabio
Opioid overdose deaths in the United States quadrupled from 1999 (n = 8050 deaths) to 2015 (n = 33 091 deaths), and the number of deaths associated with synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, increased from 3105 deaths in 2013 to nearly 20 000 deaths in 2016. Given this rapid increase, timely surveillance for drugs in circulation is crucial. However, current surveillance systems used to track drug overdoses do not detect new drugs in circulation quickly. We studied the change in the presence of fentanyl in "stamp bag" drug evidence in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, from 2010 through 2016...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357263/reducing-harm-through-litigation-against-opioid-manufacturers-lessons-from-the-tobacco-wars
#7
Derek Carr, Corey S Davis, Lainie Rutkow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328890/nchs-dataline
#8
Sandra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434520/nchs-dataline
#9
Sandra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303691/early-preparation-and-inspiration-for-stem-careers-preliminary-report-of-the-epidemiology-challenge-randomized-intervention-2014-2015
#10
Robin Taylor Wilson, Emma Watson, Mark Kaelin, Wendy Huebner
OBJECTIVES: Early Preparation and Inspiration for Careers in the Biomedical Sciences (EPIC) is a university-high school partnership for increasing high school student interest and persistence in the biomedical sciences. EPIC includes a year-long, project-based learning intervention, the Think Like an Epidemiologist Challenge (Epi Challenge). We describe the main components of the Epi Challenge and report on short-term changes in scientific literacy and science-related motivations and beliefs...
January 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303690/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
Mayer KH, Loo S, Crawford PM, et al. Excess clinical comorbidity among HIV-infected patients accessing primary care in US community health centers. Public Health Rep. 2018;133:109-118. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0033354917748670) In the above referenced article, Table 3 was published with duplicate information in the initial OnlineFirst version. The correct Table 3 is given below. The article, as published in volume 133, issue 1, reflects the corrected table. [Table: see text].
January 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162983/nchs-dataline
#12
Sandra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#13
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136492/bridging-public-health-and-education-results-of-a-school-based-physical-activity-program-to-increase-student-fitness
#14
Shannon L Barrett-Williams, Padra Franks, Christi Kay, Adria Meyer, Kelly Cornett, Brian Mosier
OBJECTIVE: Power Up for 30 (PU30) is a schoolwide intervention that encourages schools to provide an additional 30 minutes of physical activity during the school day, beyond physical education. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of PU30 on Georgia public elementary schools and their students. METHODS: A total of 719 of 1320 public elementary schools in Georgia that were sent a baseline survey about school physical activity during October 2013 to September 2014 completed the survey, 160 of which were asked to complete a second survey...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136491/fitness-trends-and-disparities-among-school-aged-children-in-georgia-2011-2014
#15
Yang Bai, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk
OBJECTIVES: Although FitnessGram fitness data on aerobic capacity and body mass index (BMI) have been collected in public schools in Georgia since the 2011-2012 school year, the data have not been analyzed. The primary objective of our study was to use these data to assess changes in fitness among school-aged children in Georgia between 2011 and 2014. A secondary objective was to determine if student fitness differed by school size and socioeconomic characteristics. METHODS: FitnessGram classifies fitness into the Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) or not within the HFZ for aerobic capacity and BMI...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#16
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#17
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136488/leading-the-way-in-preventing-childhood-obesity-in-georgia
#18
Emily Anne Vall, Debra L Kibbe, Jean C O'Connor, Christine Greene, Kathleen S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136487/the-healthy-fitness-zone-continuum-score-as-a-measure-of-change-in-body-mass-index-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-2012-2014
#19
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Yang Bai
OBJECTIVES: The FitnessGram Healthy Fitness Zone continuum (HFZc) score reflects the relative difference of a person's body mass index (BMI) from the established FitnessGram standard. As such, it may provide added utility for public health programming and research on obesity among school-aged children and adolescents. We used the standard BMI Z (BMIz) score and the alternative HFZc score to describe changes in BMI of school-aged children and adolescents in Georgia over time. METHODS: We compiled 2012-2014 BMI data from the Georgia FitnessGram database...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136486/childhood-obesity-in-georgia
#20
David Satcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Public Health Reports
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