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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880788/use-of-nicotine-in-electronic-nicotine-and-non-nicotine-delivery-systems-by-us-adults-2015
#1
Scott R Weaver, Catherine B Kemp, J Wesley Heath, Terry F Pechacek, Michael P Eriksen
Nicotine in electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/ENNDS) may present a risk of harm to those with cardiovascular disease and the fetuses of pregnant women. We assessed the extent to which adult users of ENDS/ENNDS used these products with nicotine. We obtained data for this study from a national probability survey of 6051 US adults that was conducted in August and September 2015. Of 399 adult ENDS/ENNDS users who were current smokers, 337 (80.7%) used ENDS/ENNDS containing nicotine, whereas only 29 of 71 (36...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813636/using-systems-science-to-inform-population-health-strategies-in-local-health-departments-a-case-study-in-san-antonio-texas
#2
Yan Li, Norma A Padrón, Anil T Mangla, Pamela G Russo, Thomas Schlenker, José A Pagán
OBJECTIVES: Because of state and federal health care reform, local health departments play an increasingly prominent role leading and coordinating disease prevention programs in the United States. This case study shows how a local health department working in chronic disease prevention and management can use systems science and evidence-based decision making to inform program selection, implementation, and assessment; enhance engagement with local health systems and organizations; and possibly optimize health care delivery and population health...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813620/transitioning-from-paper-to-digital-state-statutory-and-regulatory-frameworks-for-health-information-technology
#3
Cason Schmit, Gregory Sunshine, Dawn Pepin, Tara Ramanathan, Akshara Menon, Matthew Penn
OBJECTIVES: In all health system sectors, electronic health information (EHI) is created, used, released, and reused. We examined states' efforts to address EHI uses in law to provide an understanding of the EHI legal environment. METHODS: Attorney researchers used WestlawNext to search for EHI-related statutes and regulations of the US states, US territories, and the District of Columbia in effect as of January 2014. The researchers independently catalogued provisions by the EHI use described in the law...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809604/prevention-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health
#4
David M Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800284/survival-after-hiv-infection-stage-3-aids-diagnosis-by-population-density-areas-united-states-2005-2010
#5
Karin A Bosh, Jing Shi, Mi Chen
OBJECTIVES: We examined the survival rates after diagnosis of HIV infection stage 3 (AIDS) in the United States by population density area of residence at diagnosis. METHODS: We used data from the National HIV Surveillance System to calculate survival rates among people aged ≥13 with HIV infection stage 3 (AIDS) diagnosed from 2005 through 2010. We determined survival rates for more than 12, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis; overall and by demographic characteristics; and across 3 population density area categories (large metropolitan statistical areas [MSAs, ≥500 000 people], small-to-medium MSAs [50 000 to 499 999 people], and nonmetropolitan areas [<50 000 people])...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799831/improving-hrsa-programs-through-research-and-evaluation
#6
Anne Dievler, Sylvia K Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792856/factors-that-influence-the-recruitment-and-retention-of-nurses-in-public-health-agencies
#7
Valerie A Yeager, Janna M Wisniewski
OBJECTIVE: Given challenges to recruiting nurses to public health and the growth in national policies focused on population health, it is crucial that public health agencies develop strategies to sustain this important group of employees. The objective of this study was to examine factors that influence nurses' decisions to work in public health agencies. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined perspectives of nurses who worked in state and local public health departments and responded to the 2010 Council on Linkages Between Academia and Public Health Practice's survey of public health workers...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792852/squaring-state-child-vaccine-policy-with-individual-rights-under-the-individuals-with-disabilities-education-act-questions-raised-in-california
#8
Ross D Silverman, Wendy F Hensel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768119/cdc-screening-recommendation-for-baby-boomers-and-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-in-the-us-military-health-system
#9
Janna Manjelievskaia, Derek Brown, Craig D Shriver, Kangmin Zhu
OBJECTIVES: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, with an estimated 2.7 to 3.9 million cases as of 2014. In August 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended 1-time HCV testing of all baby boomers. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the proportion of people screened for HCV in the US Department of Defense Military Health System before and after the CDC screening recommendation for baby boomers and (2) assess whether certain patient or system factors were associated with screening for HCV before and after August 2012...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750193/awareness-possession-and-use-of-take-home-naloxone-among-illicit-drug-users-vancouver-british-columbia-2014-2015
#10
Seonaid Nolan, Jane Buxton, Sabina Dobrer, Huiru Dong, Kanna Hayashi, M J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Julio Montaner, Evan Wood
OBJECTIVES: Although take-home naloxone (THN) programs are integral in strategies to prevent overdose deaths among opioid users, the uptake of THN among people who use drugs (PWUD) (including non-opioid users) is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine awareness, possession, and use of THN among PWUD in Vancouver, Canada, and identify barriers to adopting this strategy. METHODS: From December 1, 2014, to May 29, 2015, participants in 2 prospective cohort studies of PWUD in Vancouver completed a standardized questionnaire, which asked about awareness, possession, and use of THN; sociodemographic characteristics; and drug use patterns...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708961/hamilton-and-hardy-mentoring-and-friendship-in-the-service-of-occupational-health
#11
Marianne Sullivan
This article explores the mentoring relationship between Alice Hamilton and Harriet Hardy, two female physician-researchers who had a tremendous impact on the development of the field of occupational health in the United States during the 20th century. The article relies on letters the women wrote to each other. Hamilton, the elder, supported and furthered Hardy's career by asking her to coauthor the second edition of a seminal occupational health text. After beginning this intellectual collaboration, Hamilton remained a mentor to Hardy, and a decades-long friendship ensued...
September 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692402/enhanced-influenza-surveillance-using-telephone-triage-and-electronic-syndromic-surveillance-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-2011-2015
#12
Cynthia Lucero-Obusan, Carla A Winston, Patricia L Schirmer, Gina Oda, Mark Holodniy
Telephone triage (TT) is a method whereby medical professionals speak by telephone to patients to assess their symptoms or health concerns and offer advice. These services are often administered through an electronic TT system, which guides TT professionals during the encounter through the use of structured protocols and algorithms to help determine the severity of the patients' health issue and refer them to appropriate care. TT is also an emerging data source for public health surveillance of infectious and noninfectious diseases, including influenza...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692401/developing-a-multidisciplinary-syndromic-surveillance-academic-research-program-in-the-united-kingdom-benefits-for-public-health-surveillance
#13
Alex J Elliot, Roger Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Iain R Lake, Felipe J Colón-González, Roberto Vivancos, G James Rubin, Sarah J O'Brien, Gillian E Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692400/developing-syndromic-surveillance-to-monitor-and-respond-to-adverse-health-events-related-to-psychoactive-substance-use-methods-and-applications
#14
Michelle L Nolan, Hillary V Kunins, Ramona Lall, Denise Paone
INTRODUCTION: Recent increases in drug overdose deaths, both in New York City and nationally, highlight the need for timely data on psychoactive drug-related morbidity. We developed drug syndrome definitions for syndromic surveillance to monitor drug-related emergency department (ED) visits in real time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 2012 archived syndromic surveillance data from New York City hospitals to develop definitions for psychoactive drug-related syndromes...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692399/risk-assessment-during-the-pan-american-and-parapan-american-games-toronto-2015
#15
Adam van Dijk, Emily Dawson, Kieran Michael Moore, Paul Belanger
During the summer of 2015, the Pan American and Parapan American Games took place in the Greater Toronto area of Ontario, Canada, bringing together thousands of athletes and spectators from around the world. The Acute Care Enhanced Surveillance (ACES) system-a syndromic surveillance system that captures comprehensive hospital visit triage information from acute care hospitals across Ontario-monitored distinct syndromes throughout the games. We describe the creation and use of a risk assessment tool to evaluate alerts produced by ACES during this period...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692398/enhancing-surveillance-for-mass-gatherings-the-role-of-syndromic-surveillance
#16
Aaron T Fleischauer, Joanna Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692397/using-syndromic-surveillance-for-all-hazards-public-health-surveillance-successes-challenges-and-the-future
#17
Paula W Yoon, Amy I Ising, Julia E Gunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692396/characterizing-the-effects-of-extreme-cold-using-real-time-syndromic-surveillance-ontario-canada-2010-2016
#18
Nancy VanStone, Adam van Dijk, Timothy Chisamore, Brian Mosley, Geoffrey Hall, Paul Belanger, Kieran Michael Moore
Morbidity and mortality from exposure to extreme cold highlight the need for meaningful temperature thresholds to activate public health alerts. We analyzed emergency department (ED) records for cold temperature-related visits collected by the Acute Care Enhanced Surveillance system-a syndromic surveillance system that captures data on ED visits from hospitals in Ontario-for geographic trends related to ambient winter temperature. We used 3 Early Aberration Reporting System algorithms of increasing sensitivity-C1, C2, and C3-to determine the temperature at which anomalous counts of cold temperature-related ED visits occurred in northern and southern Ontario from 2010 to 2016...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692395/a-practitioner-driven-research-agenda-for-syndromic-surveillance
#19
Richard S Hopkins, Catherine C Tong, Howard S Burkom, Judy E Akkina, John Berezowski, Mika Shigematsu, Patrick D Finley, Ian Painter, Roland Gamache, Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Laura C Streichert
Syndromic surveillance has expanded since 2001 in both scope and geographic reach and has benefited from research studies adapted from numerous disciplines. The practice of syndromic surveillance continues to evolve rapidly. The International Society for Disease Surveillance solicited input from its global surveillance network on key research questions, with the goal of improving syndromic surveillance practice. A workgroup of syndromic surveillance subject matter experts was convened from February to June 2016 to review and categorize the proposed topics...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692394/using-an-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-system-to-evaluate-reporting-of-potential-rabies-exposures-illinois-2013-2015
#20
Kelley Bemis, Mabel Frias, Megan Toth Patel, Demian Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: Mandatory reporting of potential rabies exposures and initiation of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) allow local health authorities to monitor PEP administration for errors. Our objectives were to use an emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance system to (1) estimate reporting compliance for exposure to rabies in suburban Cook County, Illinois, and (2) initiate interventions to improve reporting and reassess compliance. METHODS: We queried ED records from 45 acute care hospitals in Cook County and surrounding areas from January 1, 2013, through June 30, 2015, for chief complaints or discharge diagnoses pertaining to rabies, PEP, or contact with a wild mammal (eg, bat, raccoon, skunk, fox, or coyote)...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
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