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Public Health Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192676/crossing-boundaries
#1
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Tyler Bysshe, Brian K Bruen
OBJECTIVES: Previous state interagency collaborations have led to successful tobacco cessation initiatives. The objective of this study was to assess the roles and interaction of state Medicaid and public health agency efforts to support tobacco cessation for low-income Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: We interviewed Medicaid and state public health agency officials in 8 states in September and October 2015 about collaborations in policy development and implementation for Medicaid tobacco cessation, including Medicaid coverage policies, quitlines, and monitoring...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182515/acute-health-effects-after-the-elk-river-chemical-spill-west-virginia-january-2014
#2
Erica D Thomasson, Elizabeth Scharman, Ethan Fechter-Leggett, Danae Bixler, Sheri'f Ibrahim, Mary Anne Duncan, Joy Hsu, Melissa Scott, Suzanne Wilson, Loretta Haddy, Anthony Pizon, Sherry Burrer, Amy Wolkin, Lauren Lewis
OBJECTIVES: On January 9, 2014, approximately 10 000 gallons of a mixture of 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol and propylene glycol phenyl ether spilled into West Virginia's Elk River, contaminating the potable water supply of about 300 000 West Virginia residents. This study sought to describe acute health effects after the chemical spill. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive analysis using 3 complementary data sources: (1) medical records of patients who visited an emergency department during January 9-23, 2014, with illness potentially related to the spill; (2) West Virginia Poison Center caller records coded as "contaminated water" during January 9-23, 2014; and (3) answers to household surveys about health effects from a Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) questionnaire administered 3 months after the spill...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182514/assessment-of-impact-and-recovery-needs-in-communities-affected-by-the-elk-river-chemical-spill-west-virginia-april-2014
#3
Sherry L Burrer, Ethan Fechter-Leggett, Tesfaye Bayleyegn, Miguella Mark-Carew, Carrie Thomas, Danae Bixler, Rebecca S Noe, Joy Hsu, Loretta Haddy, Amy Wolkin
OBJECTIVES: In January 2014, 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol spilled into the Elk River near Charleston, West Virginia, contaminating the water supply for about 120 000 households. The West Virginia American Water Company (WVAWC) issued a "do not use" water order for 9 counties. After the order was lifted (10 days after the spill), the communities' use of public water systems, information sources, alternative sources of water, and perceived impact of the spill on households were unclear to public health officials...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152337/how-states-are-tackling-the-opioid-crisis
#4
Shalini Wickramatilake, Julia Zur, Norah Mulvaney-Day, Melinda Campopiano von Klimo, Elizabeth Selmi, Henrick Harwood
OBJECTIVES: We used data from the 2015 National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors Web-based questionnaire and other sources to demonstrate the range and scope of state initiatives being used to deal with the opioid crisis in the United States. METHODS: State alcohol and drug agency directors and designated senior agency managers responded to the questionnaire, which asked respondents about recent opioid-related state-level public health initiatives at their agencies...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147211/tuberculosis-outbreaks-in-the-united-states-2009-2015
#5
Godwin Mindra, Jonathan M Wortham, Maryam B Haddad, Krista M Powell
OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides on-site epidemiologic assistance for outbreak response when the health capacity of state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments has been exceeded. We examined recent outbreaks of tuberculosis (TB) for which health departments needed assistance. METHODS: We defined a TB outbreak as detection of ≥3 TB cases related by transmission, as suggested by routine genotyping and epidemiologic linkages...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147210/regulating-cooling-towers-to-prevent-outbreaks-of-legionnaires-disease
#6
Mary T Bassett, Sharon Balter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147209/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-and-smoking-cessation-in-arkansas-2014
#7
Uwemedimbuk S Ekanem, Victor M Cardenas, Ruiqi Cen, Wanda Simon, Irene P Chedjieu, Morgan Woodward, Robert R Delongchamp, J Gary Wheeler
OBJECTIVES: As of October 2015, evidence needed to make a recommendation about the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) for smoking cessation was limited. We used the 2014 Arkansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System with additional state-specific questions to determine the prevalence of ENDS use, the impact of ENDS use on smoking cessation, and beliefs about ENDS use in Arkansas. Our objectives were to determine if (1) ENDS use was associated with lower odds of quitting smoking, (2) ENDS users believed that ENDS use was not harmful to their health, and (3) ENDS users believed that switching to ENDS reduced their tobacco-related health risks...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147207/discrimination-and-telomere-length-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#8
Sze Yan Liu, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVES: Chronic stress from experiencing discrimination can lead to long-term changes in psychological and physiologic responses, including shorter leukocyte telomere length. We examined the association between leukocyte telomere length and variations in the association by race or type of discrimination. METHODS: Our study consisted of 3868 US-born non-Hispanic black (hereinafter, black) and non-Hispanic white (hereinafter, white) adult participants from the 2008 Health and Retirement Study biomarker sample with complete sociodemographic and discrimination information...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141970/a-large-community-outbreak-of-legionnaires-disease-associated-with-a-cooling-tower-in-new-york-city-2015
#9
Don Weiss, Christopher Boyd, Jennifer L Rakeman, Sharon K Greene, Robert Fitzhenry, Trevor McProud, Kimberlee Musser, Li Huang, John Kornblum, Elizabeth J Nazarian, Annie D Fine, Sarah L Braunstein, Daniel Kass, Keren Landman, Pascal Lapierre, Scott Hughes, Anthony Tran, Jill Taylor, Deborah Baker, Lucretia Jones, Laura Kornstein, Boning Liu, Rodolfo Perez, David E Lucero, Eric Peterson, Isaac Benowitz, Kristen F Lee, Stephanie Ngai, Mitch Stripling, Jay K Varma
OBJECTIVES: Infections caused by Legionella are the leading cause of waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States. We investigated a large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in New York City in summer 2015 to characterize patients, risk factors for mortality, and environmental exposures. METHODS: We defined cases as patients with pneumonia and laboratory evidence of Legionella infection from July 2 through August 3, 2015, and with a history of residing in or visiting 1 of several South Bronx neighborhoods of New York City...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141969/should-emergency-department-patients-be-alerted-to-the-potential-costs-for-routine-hiv-screening
#10
Michael J Waxman, Roland C Merchant, Daniel A O'Connell, Abigail Gallucci, Lisa Sutton, Ashar Ata, Ethan A Cowan, Douglas Fish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135430/evaluation-of-a-quality-improvement-resource-for-public-health-practitioners
#11
Deborah S Porterfield, Laura H Marcial, Stephen Brown, Cynthia Throop, Jamie Pina
OBJECTIVES: Quality improvement is a critical mechanism to manage public health agency performance and to strengthen accountability for public funds. The objective of this study was to evaluate a relatively new quality improvement resource, the Public Health Quality Improvement Exchange (PHQIX), a free online communication platform dedicated to making public health quality improvement information accessible to practitioners. METHODS: We conducted an internet-based survey of registered PHQIX users (n = 536 respondents) in 2013 and key informant interviews with PHQIX frequent users (n = 21) in 2014, in the United States...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135429/human-services
#12
Charles Homer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135426/health-insurance-and-coverage-of-evidence-based-care
#13
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135425/engagement-in-the-hepatitis-c-care-cascade-among-homeless-veterans-2015
#14
Amanda J Noska, Pamela S Belperio, Timothy P Loomis, Thomas P O'Toole, Lisa I Backus
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the largest provider of hepatitis C virus (HCV) care nationally and provides health care to >200 000 homeless veterans each year. We used the VHA's Corporate Data Warehouse and HCV Clinical Case Registry to evaluate engagement in the HCV care cascade among homeless and nonhomeless veterans in VHA care in 2015. We estimated that, among 242 740 homeless veterans in care and 5 424 712 nonhomeless veterans in care, 144 964 (13.4%) and 188 156 (3.5%), respectively, had chronic HCV infection...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135424/traumatic-brain-injury-incidence-clinical-overview-and-policies-in-the-us-military-health-system-since-2000
#15
Thomas M Swanson, Brad M Isaacson, Cherina M Cyborski, Louis M French, Jack W Tsao, Paul F Pasquina
Exposure to explosive armaments during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom contributed to approximately 14% of the 352 612 traumatic brain injury (TBI) diagnoses in the US military between 2000 and 2016. The US Department of Defense issued guidelines in 2009 to (1) standardize TBI diagnostic criteria; (2) classify TBI according to mechanism and severity; (3) categorize TBI symptoms as somatic, psychological, or cognitive; and (4) systematize types of care given during the acute and rehabilitation stages of TBI treatment...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135423/measuring-the-prevalence-of-diagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-united-states-using-data-from-the-2012-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#16
Brian W Ward, Colleen N Nugent, Stephen J Blumberg, Anjel Vahratian
OBJECTIVES: This study, measuring the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), examined (1) whether a single survey question asking explicitly about diagnosed COPD is sufficient to identify US adults with COPD and (2) how this measure compares with estimating COPD prevalence using survey questions on diagnosed emphysema and/or chronic bronchitis and all 3 survey questions together. METHODS: We used data from the 2012-2014 National Health Interview Survey to examine different measures of prevalence among 7211 US adults who reported a diagnosed respiratory condition (ie, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or COPD)...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118800/prevalence-of-hiv-testing-provision-at-community-organizations-serving-young-people-in-a-mid-atlantic-city-2013-2014
#17
Arik V Marcell, Lauren Okano, Nanlesta A Pilgrim, Jacky M Jennings, Kathleen R Page, Renata Sanders, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing at community organizations or the organizational characteristics associated with testing. The objective of this study was to describe (1) the prevalence of HIV testing at community organizations serving young people in a mid-Atlantic urban city and (2) the characteristics associated with organizations that provide such testing. METHODS: We conducted telephone or in-person surveys between February 2013 and March 2014 with 51 directors and administrators of community organizations serving young people...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060568/inspection-frequency-sociodemographic-factors-and-food-safety-violations-in-chain-and-nonchain-restaurants-philadelphia-pennsylvania-2013-2014
#18
Sarah E Leinwand, Karen Glanz, Brendan T Keenan, Charles C Branas
OBJECTIVES: We explored how restaurant inspection frequency and restaurant neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics are related to food safety inspection outcomes in chain and nonchain restaurants to better understand external factors that may influence inspection outcomes. METHODS: We categorized the results of restaurant inspections in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 2013 and 2014 by restaurant type (chain or nonchain), inspection frequency (1, 2, or ≥3 per 2-year study period), and violation type (total number of violations, foodborne-illness risk factor violation, or good retail practice violation)...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203116/nchs-dataline
#19
REVIEW
Sandra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005488/doctor-of-public-health-education-and-training
#20
Barry R Sherman, Rebecca Hoen, Joel M Lee, Eugene R Declercq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Public Health Reports
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