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Public Health Reports

Sarah M Bartsch, Lindsey Asti, Sindiso Nyathi, Marie L Spiker, Bruce Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: Although outbreaks of restaurant-associated foodborne illness occur periodically and make the news, a restaurant may not be aware of the cost of an outbreak. We estimated this cost under varying circumstances. METHODS: We developed a computational simulation model; scenarios varied outbreak size (5 to 250 people affected), pathogen (n = 15), type of dining establishment (fast food, fast casual, casual dining, and fine dining), lost revenue (ie, meals lost per illness), cost of lawsuits and legal fees, fines, and insurance premium increases...
May 2018: Public Health Reports
Uma S Nair, Melanie L Bell, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, Cynthia A Thomson
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with comorbid health conditions have a disproportionate burden of tobacco-related death and disease. A better understanding of differences in quit rates among smokers with comorbid health conditions can guide tailoring of quitline services for subgroups. The objective of this study was to examine self-reported tobacco cessation rates among Arizona Smokers' Helpline callers with chronic health conditions (CHCs) and/or a mental health condition (MHC). METHODS: We analyzed data from quitline telephone callers (n = 39 779) who enrolled in and completed at least 1 behavioral counseling session (ie, coaching call)...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Rachel S Yelk Woodruff, Mark C Miner, Roque Miramontes
OBJECTIVES: Consistently collected binational surveillance data are important in advocating for resources to manage and treat binational cases of tuberculosis (TB). The objective of this study was to develop a surveillance definition for binational (United States-Mexico) cases of TB to assess the burden on US TB program resources. METHODS: We collaborated with state and local TB program staff members in the United States to identify characteristics associated with binational cases of TB...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Brigg Reilley, Dana L Haberling, Marissa Person, Jessica Leston, Jonathan Iralu, Rick Haverkate, Azfar-E-Alam Siddiqi
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to use Indian Health Service (IHS) data from electronic health records to analyze human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses among American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) and to identify current rates and trends that can support data-driven policy implementation and resource allocation for this population. METHODS: We analyzed provider visit data from IHS to capture all AI/AN patients who met a definition of a new HIV diagnosis from 2005 through 2014 by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Jerome M Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Mabel Padilla, Christine L Mattson, Susan Scheer, Chi-Chi N Udeagu, Susan E Buskin, Alison J Hughes, Thomas Jaenicke, Amy Rock Wohl, Joseph Prejean, Stanley C Wei
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) case surveillance and other health care databases are increasingly being used for public health action, which has the potential to optimize the health outcomes of people living with HIV (PLWH). However, often PLWH cannot be located based on the contact information available in these data sources. We assessed the accuracy of contact information for PLWH in HIV case surveillance and additional data sources and whether time since diagnosis was associated with accurate contact information in HIV case surveillance and successful contact...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Shillpa Naavaal, Ann Malarcher, Xin Xu, Lei Zhang, Stephen Babb
OBJECTIVES: Information on the impact of health insurance on smoking and quit attempts at the state level is limited. We examined the state-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking and past-year quit attempts among adults aged 18-64 by health insurance and other individual- and state-level factors. METHODS: We used data from 41 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, the jurisdictions that administered the Health Care Access module of the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Sophie C Feller, Enrico G Castillo, Jared M Greenberg, Pilar Abascal, Richard Van Horn, Kenneth B Wells
In 2011, the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council named mental and emotional well-being as 1 of 7 priority areas for the National Prevention Strategy. In this article, we discuss emotional well-being as a scientific concept and its relevance to public health. We review evidence that supports the association between emotional well-being and health. We propose a national emotional well-being initiative and describe its 6 components: systematic measurement of emotional well-being, identification of the drivers of emotional well-being, formation of partnerships with diverse stakeholders, implementation and dissemination of evidence-based interventions to promote emotional well-being and its drivers, development of public health messaging, and identification of and strategies to address disparities in emotional well-being and its drivers...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann M Holmes, Joanna R Jackson, Brittany L Brown-Podgorski, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: Given the call for more interdisciplinary research in public health, the objectives of this study were to (1) examine the correlates of interdisciplinary dissertation completion and (2) identify secondary fields most common among interdisciplinary public health graduates. METHODS: We analyzed pooled cross-sectional data from 11 120 doctoral graduates in the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2003-2015. The primary outcome was interdisciplinary dissertation completion...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Keumseok Koh, Sue C Grady, Igor Vojnovic, Joe T Darden
OBJECTIVES: From 2000 to 2010, the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 37 state health departments to address the obesity epidemic in their states through various interventions. The objective of this study was to investigate the overall impacts of CDC-DNPAO statewide intervention programs on adult obesity prevalence in the United States. METHODS: We used a set of an individual-level, interrupted time-series regression and a quasi-experimental analysis to evaluate the overall effect of CDC-DNPAO intervention programs before (1998-1999) and after (2010) their implementation by using data from CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Brian Lee, Tonya Martin, Agha Khan, Kathleen Fullerton, Wil Duck, Teresa Kinley, Suzette Stoutenburg, Jason Hall, Melvin Crum, Macarena C Garcia, Michael F Iademarco, Chesley L Richards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Public Health Reports
John A Schinka, Katherine C Leventhal, William A Lapcevic, Roger Casey
OBJECTIVES: Increased mortality has been documented in older homeless veterans. This retrospective study examined mortality and cause of death in a cohort of young and middle-aged homeless veterans. METHODS: We examined US Department of Veterans Affairs records on homelessness and health care for 2000-2003 and identified 23 898 homeless living veterans and 65 198 non-homeless living veterans aged 30-54. We used National Death Index records to determine survival status...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Kathleen E Creppage, Joshua Yohannan, Karl Williams, Jeanine M Buchanich, Thomas J Songer, Stephen R Wisniewski, Anthony Fabio
Opioid overdose deaths in the United States quadrupled from 1999 (n = 8050 deaths) to 2015 (n = 33 091 deaths), and the number of deaths associated with synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, increased from 3105 deaths in 2013 to nearly 20 000 deaths in 2016. Given this rapid increase, timely surveillance for drugs in circulation is crucial. However, current surveillance systems used to track drug overdoses do not detect new drugs in circulation quickly. We studied the change in the presence of fentanyl in "stamp bag" drug evidence in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, from 2010 through 2016...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Derek Carr, Corey S Davis, Lainie Rutkow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Public Health Reports
Julia L Marcus, Leo B Hurley, Scott Chamberland, Jamila H Champsi, Laura C Gittleman, Daniel G Korn, Jennifer B Lai, Jennifer O Lam, Mary Pat Pauly, Charles P Quesenberry, Joanna Ready, Varun Saxena, Suk I Seo, David J Witt, Michael J Silverberg
OBJECTIVES: The cost of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may contribute to treatment disparities. However, few data exist on factors associated with DAA initiation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HCV-infected Kaiser Permanente Northern California members aged ≥18 during October 2014 to December 2016, using Poisson regression models to evaluate demographic, behavioral, and clinical factors associated with DAA initiation...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
(no author information available yet)
Chen LW, Gregg A, Palm D. Longitudinal evaluation of quality improvement and public health accreditation readiness in Nebraska local health departments, 2011-2016. Public Health Rep. 2018;133(3):250-256. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0033354918754542) There was an error with respect to Figures 2 and 3 in the original published version of this article. The article has been corrected online and in print.
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
John Beltrami, Odessa Dubose, Reginald Carson, Janet C Cleveland
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 through 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provided funding to 5 health departments for demonstration projects using HIV surveillance data to link people with newly diagnosed HIV to care. We assessed how well these health departments established linkage to care, how the demonstration projects helped them with this work, and if they sustained these activities after CDC funding ended. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained quantitative and qualitative data on linkage-to-care activities from health department communications and progress reports submitted to CDC...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Linda R Stanley, Randall C Swaim
OBJECTIVES: American Indian adolescents who reside on or near reservations report higher levels of substance use than adolescents in other racial/ethnic groups. Little research has addressed patterns of use, which have important implications for prevention and treatment planning. The objective of our study was to describe substance use among a large, population-based sample of American Indian and white students who lived on or near reservations. METHODS: We obtained data from 4964 students in grades 7-12 attending 46 schools on or near reservations throughout the United States during 4 academic years (2009-2013)...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Rob Lyerla, Donna F Stroup
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Yingning Wang, Hai-Yen Sung, Tingting Yao, James Lightwood, Wendy Max
OBJECTIVES: Cigar use in the United States is a growing public health concern because of its increasing popularity. We estimated health care utilization and expenditures attributable to cigar smoking among US adults aged ≥35. METHODS: We analyzed data on 84 178 adults using the 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015 National Health Interview Surveys. We estimated zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression models on hospital nights, emergency department (ED) visits, physician visits, and home-care visits as a function of tobacco use status-current sole cigar smokers (ie, smoke cigars only), current poly cigar smokers (smoke cigars and smoke cigarettes or use smokeless tobacco), former sole cigar smokers (used to smoke cigars only), former poly cigar smokers (used to smoke cigars and smoke cigarettes or use smokeless tobacco), other tobacco users (ever smoked cigarettes and used smokeless tobacco but not cigars), and never tobacco users (never smoked cigars, smoked cigarettes, or used smokeless tobacco)-and other covariates...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
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