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Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling

Abdulkadir Kocak, Ismail Erol, Muslum Yildiz, Hatice Can
Developing small compound based drugs targeting the β-secretase (BACE) enzyme is one of the most promising strategies in treatment of the Alzheimer's disease. As the enzyme shows the activity based on the acid-base reaction at a very narrow pH range, the protonation state of aspartic acids with the residue number 32 and 228 (Asp32 and Asp228), which forms the active site dyad, along with the protonation state of the ligand (substrate or inhibitor) play very critical role in interactions between the ligand and enzyme...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Mahejibin Khan, Amit Kumar
The understanding of the 3-dimensional enzyme structure is important for the point of protein engineering and applications. Computer-based molecular modelling is a vital tool for theoretical predication of enzyme activities and finding their substrates and inhibitors. SMlipA lipase was cloned from forest soil metagenome and characterized as broad spectrum enzyme with high stability in various organic solvents. In the present study, to understand the mechanism of SMlipA lipase and to identify the key residues involved in enzyme-substrate interaction, three dimensional-computational model of SMlipA has been generated and validated for stereo-chemical and amino-acid environment quality using appropriate programs, and further validation of the active-site architecture was achieved by performing docking studies with different ligand...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Carlos Gueto-Tettay, Joshua Zuchniarz, Yeyson Fortich-Seca, Luis Roberto Gueto-Tettay, Juan Carlos Drosos-Ramirez
BACE1 is an aspartyl protease which is a therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD) because of its participation in the rate-limiting step in the production of Aβ-peptide, the accumulation of which produces senile plaques and, in turn, the neurodegenerative effects associated with AD. The active site of this protease is composed in part by two aspartic residues (Asp93 and Asp289). Additionally, the catalytic site has been found to be covered by an antiparallel hairpin loop called the flap. The dynamics of this flap are fundamental to the catalytic function of the enzyme...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Malihe Hassanzadeh, Kowsar Bagherzadeh, Massoud Amanlou
Nowadays the ability to prediction of complex behavior rationally based on the computational approaches has been a successful technique in drug discovery. In the present study interactions of a new series of hybrids, which were made by linking colchicine as a tubulin inhibitor and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) as a HDAC inhibitor, with HDAC8 and HDAC1 were investigated and compared. This research has been facilitated by the availability of experimental information besides employing docking methodology as well as classical molecular dynamics simulations and binding free energy calculation were performed...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Sadegh Sadeghzadeh
A multi-scale method is employed in this paper to conduct a virtual study of the high-strain behavior of single- and multi-layer graphene sheets and to investigate the design of related graphene-based devices. By bridging the length and time scales by combining the Molecular Dynamics and Finite Element methods together, a comprehensive multiscale model is developed to study the fascinating capabilities of single- and multi-layer graphene sheets in withstanding the impact of ultrafast projectiles. In order to contribute to future developments and innovations in this field, several quantitative and qualitative comparisons are also performed...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Pallab Kumar Borah, Sourav Chakraborty, Anupam N Jha, Sanchaita Rajkhowa, Raj Kumar Duary
ADAM metallopeptidase domain 17 (ADAM17) is an attractive target for the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs. We aimed to identify selective inhibitors of ADAM17 against matrix metalloproteinase enzymes (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, MMP-13, and MMP-16) which have substantial structural similarity. Target proteins were docked with 29 anti-inflammatory natural molecule ligands and a known selective inhibitor IK682. The ligands were screened based on Lipinski rules, interaction with the ADAM17 active site cavity, and then ranked using the proportional odds model multinomial logistic regression...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Joseph L Baker, Heba Jafri
F4 fimbriae are protein filaments found in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli cells and are implicated in the process of bacterial infection due to their function as bacterial adhesins. These filaments are comprised from several proteins, but the bacterial adhesin FaeG, which is a lactose-binding protein, is the major subunit comprising F4 fimbriae. Crystal structures for three variants of the FaeG protein were recently solved, including the ad variant of FaeG that was crystallized in complex with lactose. However, the dynamics of the FaeG protein bound to lactose have not been explored previously using molecular dynamics simulations...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Stefano Costanzi, Matthew Skorski, Alessandro Deplano, Brett Habermehl, Mary Mendoza, Keyun Wang, Michelle Biederman, Jessica Dawson, Jia Gao
With the present work we quantitatively studied the modellability of the inactive state of Class A G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Specifically, we constructed models of one of the Class A GPCRs for which structures solved in the inactive state are available, namely the β2 AR, using as templates each of the other class members for which structures solved in the inactive state are also available. Our results showed a detectable linear correlation between model accuracy and model/template sequence identity...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
S S Setayandeh, A Lohrasebi
Microtubule (MT) rigidity and response to 2450MHz electric fields were investigated, via multi scale modeling approach. For this purpose, six systems were designed and simulated to consider all types of feasible interactions between α and β monomers in MT, by using all atom molecular dynamics method. Subsequently, coarse grain modeling was used to design different lengths of MT. Investigation of effects of external 2450MHz electric field on MT showed MT less rigidity in the presence of such field, which may perturb its functions...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Disha Pathak, Navriti Chadha, Om Silakari
Proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase ROS-1 plays a key role in regulating a variety of cancers mainly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The marketed ROS-1 inhibitors such as Crizotinib suffer from the tribulations of growing resistance due to mutations primarily Gly2032Arg in the ROS-1 protein. To curb the problem of resistance, researchers have developed inhibitors such as Lorlatinib against the mutant protein. The present study was designed to identify inhibitors against wild type (WT) as well as mutant ROS-1 protein that will offer a broader spectrum of activity...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Xian-Mei Meng, Wei-Jun Hu, Yu-Guang Mu, Xie-Huang Sheng
Recent experiments show that small molecules can bind onto the allosteric sites of HIV-1 protease (PR), which provides a starting point for developing allosteric inhibitors. However, the knowledge of the effect of such binding on the structural dynamics and binding free energy of the active site inhibitor and PR is still lacking. Here, we report 200ns long molecular dynamics simulation results to gain insight into the influences of two allosteric molecules (1H-indole-6-carboxylic acid, 1F1 and 2-methylcyclohexano, 4D9)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Hwankyu Lee
Polyelectrolyte bilayers, which consist of poly-l-lysine (PLL) and hyaluronic acid (HA) were simulated with lipid membranes at different temperatures and ion concentrations. Starting with the sequential deposition of PLL and HA above the membrane surface, PLL and HA become completely mixed, leading to the formation of stable bilayers. PLL/HA bilayers are thicker at higher salt concentration because of weakened electrostatic interactions between PLLs and membrane lipids, in agreement with experiments. This salt effect decreases as PLL size increases...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Huanjie Wang, Fancui Meng
The interactions between rofecoxib and POPC (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) bilayer were studied using all-atom molecular dynamics simulation method. Four POPC bilayer systems with different number of rofecoxib molecules were constructed to simulate different drug concentration. The free energy of rofecoxib passing across pure POPC bilayer has two minima (at z ∼1.2nm or 1.6nm). As for the high concentration model, the minimum of the free energy profile slightly shifts to the bilayer center...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Abishek Suresh, Andrew Hung
The α7 and α4β2 neuronal nicotinic receptors belonging to the family of ligand-gated ion channels are most prevalent in the brain, and are implicated in various neurodegenerative disorders. α-conotoxin GID (and its analogue [ϒ4E]GID) specifically inhibits these subtypes, with more affinity towards the human α7 (hα7) subtype, and is valuable in understanding the physiological roles of these receptors. In this study, we use umbrella-sampling molecular dynamics simulations to understand the mechanism of interaction between [ϒ4E]GID and the agonist binding pockets of the α4β2 and the hα7 receptors, and to estimate their relative binding affinities (ΔGbind)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Marina V Kosevich, Valentina G Zobnina, Stepan G Stepanian, Victor A Karachevtsev, Ludwik Adamowicz
Placing electrical charges on nanomaterials is a means to extend their functional capabilities in nanoelectronics and sensoring applications. This paper explores the effect of charging nitrogen bases cytosine (Cyt) and adenine (Ade) via protonation on their noncovalent interaction with carbon nanotubes (CNT) using quantum chemical calculations performed at the M05-2X/6-31++G** level of theory alongside with a molecular graphics method. It is shown that the protonation of the bases causes threefold increase of the interaction energy in the CNT·Cyt·H(+) and СNT·Ade·H(+) complexes as compared to the CNT complexes formed with neutral bases...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Chompoonut Rungnim, Thanyada Rungrotmongkol, Rungtiva P Poo-Arporn
In the present study, we describe here the pH condition activating doxorubicin (DOX) anticancer drugs loading and release over single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) non-covalently wrapped with chitosan (CS). The possibility of drug displacement on DOX/CS/SWNT nanocarrier was investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The drug loading and release were monitored via displacement analysis and binding energy calculations. The simulated results clearly showed that the drugs well interacted with the CS/SWNT at physiological pH (pH 7...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Sanjay K Choubey, Jeyakanthan Jeyaraman
Deregulated epigenetic activity of Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) in tumor development and carcinogenesis pronounces it as promising therapeutic target for cancer treatment. HDAC1 has recently captured the attention of researchers owing to its decisive role in multiple types of cancer. In the present study a multistep framework combining ligand based 3D-QSAR, molecular docking and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation studies were performed to explore potential compound with good HDAC1 binding affinity. Four different pharmacophore hypotheses Hypo1 (AADR), Hypo2 (AAAH), Hypo3 (AAAR) and Hypo4 (ADDR) were obtained...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Anzhong Huang, Liang Zhou, Dawei Zhang, Junliang Yao, Yong Zhang
Peptide therapeutics has been raised as an attractive approach for the treatment of breast cancer by targeting the oncogenic protein MDM2 that inactivates p53 tumor suppressor. Here, we performed molecular design of halogen bonding orthogonal to hydrogen bonding at the complex interface of MDM2 protein with its cognate peptide ligand to improve the peptide binding affinity and specificity. Crystal structure analysis, high-level quantum chemistry (QC) calculations and combined quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) modeling revealed that halogen substitution at position 3 of the benzene moiety of peptide Phe3 residue can constitute a putative halogen bonding, which is shown to be geometrically perpendicular to and energetically independent of a native hydrogen bonding that share a common carbonyl oxygen acceptor...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Sedat Karabulut, Natalia Sizochenko, Adnan Orhan, Jerzy Leszczynski
Diaminopyrimidine derivatives are frequently used as inhibitors of human dihydrofolate reductase, for example in treatment of patients whose immune system are affected by human immunodeficiency virus. Forty-seven dicyclic and tricyclic potential inhibitors of human dihydrofolate reductase were analyzed using the quantitative structure-activity analysis supported by DFT-based and DRAGON-based descriptors. The developed model yielded an RMSE deviation of 1.1 a correlation coefficient of 0.81. The prediction set was characterized by R(2)=0...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Deborah Antunes Santos, Mauricio Garcia de Souza Costa, Carlos Roberto Alves, Ernesto Raul Caffarena
Cysteine proteinase B (CPB) is a significant virulence factor for Leishmania infections. Upon processing from its zymogen form, it happens a release of the immunomodulatory CPB C-terminal extension (cyspep) into the cytoplasm of the macrophage. Epitopes derived from this fragment were shown to influence the proportion of lymphocytes CD8+ upon infection, favoring the parasite escaping from the host́s immune system. At present, there is no available structural data of cyspep, which impairs a proper understanding of its biological functions...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
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