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Maternal and Child Health Journal

Rose-Marie Chierici, Thony Michelet Voltaire
In 2003 Alyans Sante Borgne's (ASB) conducted the first week-long mobile hospital in Molas, a poor mountain community a 10-h walk from the main hospital in the town of Borgne in North Haiti. ASB is a partnership between Haiti Outreach-Pwoje Espwa (H.O.P.E.), a US-based NGO, and Haiti's Ministry of Health. The paper reflects on this first experience and the evolution of an indigenous model of health care delivery, Sante Nan Lakou (SNL)/Health at the Extended Family Level, a model that prioritizes the needs of patients over those of the institution...
November 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Nancy P Chin, Timothy D Dye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lisa Underwood, Karen E Waldie, Stephanie D'Souza, Elizabeth R Peterson, Susan M B Morton
Objectives Antenatal and postnatal depression can lead to poor outcomes for women and their children. The aim of this study was to explore whether risk factors differ for depression symptoms that are present during pregnancy and/or after childbirth. Methods An ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 5301 women completed interviews during the third trimester of pregnancy and 9 months after childbirth. Depression symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Depression symptoms (defined as EPDS >12) among participants and associations with pre-pregnancy and pregnancy maternal characteristics were explored using logistic regression...
November 11, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Andra Wilkinson, Seri Anderson, Stephanie B Wheeler
Objectives Postpartum depression impacts 6.5-12.9% of U.S. women. Postpartum depression is associated with impaired bonding and development, marital discord, suicide, and infanticide. However, the current standard of care is to not screen women for postpartum depression. This study modeled the cost-effectiveness of physicians screening for and treating postpartum depression and psychosis in partnership with a psychiatrist. Methods This study follows a hypothetical cohort of 1000 pregnant women experiencing one live birth over a 2-year time horizon...
November 10, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Milton Kotelchuck, Erika R Cheng, Candice Belanoff, Howard J Cabral, Hermik Babakhanlou-Chase, Taletha M Derrington, Hafsatou Diop, Stephen R Evans, Judith Bernstein
Objectives Despite widely-known negative effects of substance use disorders (SUD) on women, children, and society, knowledge about population-based prevalence and impact of SUD and SUD treatment during the perinatal period is limited. Methods Population-based data from 375,851 singleton deliveries in Massachusetts 2003-2007 were drawn from a maternal-infant longitudinally-linked statewide dataset of vital statistics, hospital discharges (including emergency department (ED) visits), and SUD treatment records...
November 10, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kristin Rowe-Finkbeiner, Ruth Martin, Brett Abrams, Anna Zuccaro, Yasmina Dardari
Paid family and medical leave are vital public policies for promoting large-scale improvements in maternal and child health that can boost our national economy. That is why MomsRising-a national on-the-ground and online grassroots organization with over a million members across the United States-is thrilled by the growing momentum for paid family and medical leave. We are not the least bit surprised that support for this critical policy is growing. The United States is the only industrialized nation in the world without paid family and medical leave, and the fact that these basic workplace protections are missing hurts America's global competitiveness, businesses, economy, and, most importantly, infant and maternal mortality rates...
October 25, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Sarah Verbiest, Erin Bonzon, Arden Handler
Introduction The first 3 months after giving birth can be a challenging time for many women. The Postpartum Health and Wellness special issue explores this period, one that is often overlooked and under-researched. Methods This issue is designed to bring greater focus to the need for woman-centered care during the postpartum period. Articles in this issue focus on four key areas: (1) the postpartum visit and access to care, (2) the content of postpartum care and postpartum health concerns, (3) interconception care including contraception, and (4) policy, systems, and measurement...
October 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Linda S Beeber, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Maria Martinez, Yui Matsuda, Anne C Wheeler, Marcia Mandel, Dore LaForett, Julee Waldrop
Objective A higher rate of depressive symptoms is found among mothers of children with disabilities compared to other parents. However, there is a lack of study of mothers with children <3 years of age participating in Early Intervention (EI) programs. This study aims to more fully describe the extent of mood disorders in these mothers including estimated prevalence, severity and factors associated with maternal mental health, using gold standard clinical diagnostic and symptom measures, and test models associating depressive symptoms with contextual factors and child behavior...
October 12, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Arden Handler, Kay Johnson
Objectives The broad maternal and child health community has witnessed increased attention to the entire continuum of reproductive and perinatal health concerns over the past few years. However, both recent discouraging trends in prenatal care access and utilization and a renewed understanding of prenatal care as a critical anchor of the reproductive/perinatal health continuum for women who do get pregnant demand a new effort to focus on the prenatal period as a gateway for maternal and infant health. Methods This commentary: describes the Medicaid expansions and the momentum for universal access to prenatal care of the 1980-1990s; examines the pivot away from this goal and its aftermath; provides a rationale for why renewed attention to prenatal care and the prenatal period is essential; and, explores the potential focus of an updated prenatal care agenda...
September 23, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Asia L Harris, Katie A Siek
Objectives To assess low-income mothers' perceptions of their postpartum information needs; describe their information seeking behavior; explore their use of mobile technology to address those needs; and to contribute to the sparse literature on postpartum health and wellness. Methods Exploratory community-based qualitative approach. Interviewees were recruited among clients of community partners and had children aged 48 months and under. A survey assessing demographics was used to identify low-income mothers...
September 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Emily R Smith, Michael Hudgens, Anna D Sheahan, William C Miller, Stephanie Wheeler, Julie A E Nelson, Queen Dube, Annelies Van Rie
Introduction Rapid HIV serological tests are a cost-effective, point-of-care test among HIV exposed infants but cannot distinguish between maternal and infant antibodies. The lack of data on the timing of decay of maternal antibodies in young infants hinders the potential use of rapid tests in exposed infants. We aimed to determine the time to seroreversion for two commonly used rapid tests in a prospective cohort of HIV-exposed breastfeeding infants ages 3-18 months of life. Methods We collected data on the performance of two commonly used rapid tests (Determine and Unigold) in Malawi between 2008 and 2012 or at the University of North Carolina between 2014 and 2015...
September 8, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
R Constance Wiener, Rini Vohra, Usha Sambamoorthi, S Suresh Madhavan
Objective The purpose of this study is to examine the burdens of caregivers on perception of the need and receipt of preventive dental care for a subset of children with special health care needs-children with Autism Spectrum disorder, developmental disability and/or mental health conditions (CASD/DD/MHC). Methods The authors used the 2009-2010 National Survey of CSHCN. The survey included questions addressing preventive dental care and caregivers' financial, employment, and time-related burdens. The associations of these burdens on perceptions and receipt of preventive dental care use were analyzed with bivariate Chi square analyses and multinomial logistic regressions for CASD/DD/MHC (N = 16,323)...
December 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kermyt G Anderson, Paul Spicer, Michael T Peercy
Objectives To examine the relationships between prepregnancy diabetes mellitus (DM), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and prepregnancy body mass index, with several adverse birth outcomes: preterm delivery (PTB), low birthweight (LBW), and macrosomia, comparing American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) with other race/ethnic groups. Methods The sample includes 5,193,386 singleton US first births from 2009-2013. Logistic regression is used to calculate adjusted odds ratios controlling for calendar year, maternal age, education, marital status, Kotelchuck prenatal care index, and child's sex...
December 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Karen Hampanda
Objectives The aim of this study is to determine how intimate partner violence against HIV-positive women affects safe infant feeding practices in Lusaka, Zambia. Methods A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was conducted with 320 married postpartum women at a large public health center in Lusaka, Zambia, in 2014. Variables were measured using previously validated instruments from the Demographic and Health Survey. Data were analyzed using simple and multivariate logistic regression in Stata 12. Results Thirty-seven percent of women report early mixed infant feeding prior to six months...
December 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Myra Taylor, Justin Knox, Meera K Chhagan, Shuaib Kauchali, Jane Kvalsvig, Claude Ann Mellins, Stephen M Arpadi, Murray H Craib, Leslie L Davidson
Background and Objectives Alcohol abuse, a significant health problem in South Africa, affects the ability of adults to care for children. Little is known regarding risky alcohol use among child caregivers there. A large population-based study examined the prevalence of, and factors associated with, risky drinking among caregivers of young children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa comparing the use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the AUDIT-C screens for hazardous or harmful drinking (referred to here as risky drinking)...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Lonnie A Nelson, Dedra S Buchwald, Leslie R Walker, Beth A Mueller
Introduction The prevalence of pre-eclampsia, a major cause of maternal morbidity, varies by race, being greater in African Americans, and lower in Asians and Hispanics than in White women. Little is known about its prevalence in American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). We estimated pre-eclampsia risk in AI/ANs compared to Whites, with consideration of the potential effect of obesity, a major risk factor for pre-eclampsia, and a condition disproportionately affecting AI/AN women. Methods This retrospective cohort study of linked birth-hospital discharge data from Washington State (2003-2013) included all AI/AN women and a sample of White first-time mothers with singleton deliveries...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Maria Idalí Torres, Phillip Granberry, Sharina Person, Jeroan Allison, Milagros Rosal, Sarah Rustan
Introduction Latina mothers play a central role in raising and socializing their children; however, few studies have examined the cultural, socio-cognitive and neighborhood-related variables influencing the level of communication between Puerto Rican mothers and their children about sexuality and sexual health. This cross-sectional study sought to examine these influences. Methods Puerto Rican mothers with children aged 10-19 years (n = 193) were selected randomly for an ethnographic interview as part of a community participatory action research project in a U...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kara M Whitaker, Sara Wilcox, Jihong Liu, Steven N Blair, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and accuracy of patient-reported provider advice on weight gain, physical activity, and nutrition during prenatal visits and to examine the associations of provider advice with women's behavioral intentions toward weight gain, physical activity, and nutrition. METHODS: A mixed-methods study design was used to assess patient-report of provider advice and health intentions in women between 20 and 30 weeks gestation (n = 188)...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Melodie Wenz-Gross, Linda Weinreb, Carole Upshur
Objectives Investigate the feasibility of using a brief, 4-item PTSD screening tool (PTSD-PC) as part of routine prenatal care in two community health care settings serving ethnically and linguistically diverse low-income populations. Report prevalence and differences by sub-threshold and clinical levels, in demographic, health, mental health, risk behaviors, and service use. Methods Women were screened as part of their prenatal intake visit over a 2-year period. Those screening positive at clinical or sub-threshold levels were recruited if they spoke English, Spanish, Portuguese, Vietnamese or Arabic...
October 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Angela S Martin, Michael Monsour, Jennifer F Kawwass, Sheree L Boulet, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise J Jamieson
Objective To compare the risk of preeclampsia among spontaneously conceived pregnancies to those after hyperestrogenic ovarian stimulation (hyperestrogenic OS) with and without assisted reproductive technology (ART), and stimulation with non-hyperestrogenic aromatase inhibitor stimulation (non-hyperestrogenic OS). Methods Live-born singleton deliveries among women 20-49 years were identified in the 2004-2012 Truven Health MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters Databases using ICD-9 and CPT codes. Maternal characteristics were compared using Chi squared and Fisher exact tests...
October 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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