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Maternal and Child Health Journal

Grace Galvin, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Maaz Shaikh, Pinki Maji, Megan Marx Delaney, Danielle E Tuller, Bridget A Neville, Rebecca Firestone, Atul A Gawande, Bhala Kodkany, Vishwajeet Kumar, Katherine E A Semrau
Objectives Vital to implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC), designed to improve delivery of 28 essential birth practices (EBPs), is the availability of safe birth supplies: 22 EBPs on the SCC require one or more supplies. Mapping availability of these supplies can determine the scope of shortages and need for supply chain strengthening. Methods A cross-sectional survey on the availability of functional and/or unexpired supplies was assessed in 284 public-sector facilities in 38 districts in Uttar Pradesh, India...
November 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Marjoleine A Dijkhuizen, Valerie Greffeille, Nanna Roos, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
Objectives To provide an overview of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions that could improve micronutrient status of women of reproductive age. Methods This narrative review has a special focus on Southeast Asia, as the work was undertaken within the framework of the SMILING (Sustainable Micronutrient Interventions to controL deficiencies and Improve Nutrition status and General health in Southeast Asia) project. Results In order for new interventions to become accepted, comprehension and interpretation of potential impact of different strategies by policymakers and non-nutritionists is needed...
October 24, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Sarika Rane Parasuraman, David de la Cruz
Objectives The Healthy Start Program has taken a community-based approach to improving maternal and child health outcomes among underserved populations for 25 years. Although the program has been evaluated in the past, it has not undergone a national evaluation since it was transformed in 2014. The purpose of this study is to present data from an early component of the latest national evaluation-the 2016 National Healthy Start Program Survey, which includes information describing grantees, the risk profile of participants served, and the scope of services offered to meet participant needs...
October 23, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Valerie Greffeuille, Yves Kameli, Chhoun Chamnan, Mary Chea, Sok Daream, Pattanee Winichagoon, Chaniphun Butryee, Bach Mai Le, Tran Thi Lua, Siti Muslimatum, Airin Roshita, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Frank T Wieringa, Jacques Berger
BACKGROUND: Despite scientific evidence on the potential impact or importance of specific interventions to improve micronutrient status of vulnerable groups, political commitment and extensive support from national stakeholders is paramount to support introduction and implementation of these interventions at national level. In order to develop efficient nutritional strategies to improve the micronutrient status of children < 5 years of age and women of reproductive age that will be supported by a wide range of stakeholders, a better understanding of viewpoints on the nutrition politics and strategies is necessary...
October 5, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jennifer L Kriss, Alison P Albert, Victoria M Carter, Angela J Jiles, Jennifer L Liang, Jennifer Mullen, Leslie Rodriguez, Penelope P Howards, Walter A Orenstein, Saad B Omer, Allison Fisher
Objectives The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommend that pregnant women receive the Tdap vaccine during every pregnancy. The objectives of this paper are to evaluate disparities in Tdap vaccination among pregnant women in the U.S., and to assess whether race/ethnicity and other characteristics are associated with factors that inform pregnant women's decisions about Tdap vaccination. Methods We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional web-based survey of pregnant women in the U...
October 4, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Elaine L Ferguson, Louise Watson, Jacques Berger, Mary Chea, Uraiporn Chittchang, Umi Fahmida, Kuong Khov, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Bach Mai Le, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Otte Santika, Seyha Sok, Daream Sok, Tran Thanh Do, Lua Tran Thi, Manithong Vonglokham, Frank Wieringa, Emorn Wasantwisut, Pattanee Winichagoon
Objectives Micronutrient deficiencies, in southeast Asia (SE Asia), remain a public health challenge. We evaluated whether promoting the consumption of locally available nutritious foods, which is a low-risk micronutrient intervention, alone can ensure dietary adequacy, for women of reproductive age and 6-23 m old children. Methods Representative dietary data from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam were analysed using linear programming analysis to identify nutrients that are likely low in personal food environments (problem nutrients), and to formulate food-based recommendations (FBRs) for three to six target populations per country...
September 29, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Stephanie L Bourque, Claire Levek, Diane L Melara, Theresa R Grover, Sunah S Hwang
Objectives To describe the demographics, clinical characteristics and referral patterns of premature infants to a regional level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); to determine the prevalence and predictors of back-transport of infants ≤ 32 weeks gestational age in a level IV NICU; for infants not back-transported closer to maternal residence, determine the length of stay beyond attainment of clinical stability. Methods Data (2010-2014) from the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database and individual chart review for infants ≤ 32 weeks admitted to a level IV NICU whose maternal residence was outside the metro area were included...
September 25, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Erin Vinoski Thomas, Rebecca Wells, Stephanie D Baumann, Emily Graybill, Andrew Roach, Stephen D Truscott, Mark Crenshaw, Daniel Crimmins
Objectives As the U.S. healthcare system shifts toward collaboration, demand for leaders with interdisciplinary skills increases. Leadership competencies guide interdisciplinary training programs; however, identifying cost-effective methods for evaluating leadership competencies is challenging, particularly when interdisciplinary trainees have different areas of expertise and professional goals. Traditional pre-/post-testing, a common method for evaluating leadership competencies, is subject to response-shift bias, which can occur when participants' understanding of a construct changes between pre- and post-test...
September 1, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Darcell P Scharff, Keri Jupka, Lora Gulley, Kate Kasper, Ellen Barnidge
Introduction Racial disparities in birth outcomes are a significant problem in the U.S. The St. Louis Healthy Start (SLHS) program, funded for 14 years, had a goal of reducing disparate rates of poor birth outcomes in three disadvantaged communities in the St. Louis area. The Making Change Happen Leadership Academy (MCHLA) was an unanticipated community-driven effort that grew out of SLHS and continues today. The primary goal of the MCHLA is to empower women to gain mastery over their lives and use their power to improve birth outcomes in their communities...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Catherine Sikorski, Sietske Van Hees, Monica Lakhanpaul, Lorna Benton, Jennifer Martin, Anthony Costello, Michelle Heys
Introduction Participatory postnatal women's groups have been shown to have a significant impact on maternal and neonatal mortality in low-income countries. However, it is not clear whether this approach can be translated to high-income countries (HICs). We conducted a systematic review to answer the question: "Can postnatal women's groups improve health outcomes for mothers and children in high-income countries?" Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for randomised controlled trials testing any group-based intervention during the postnatal period, in HICs...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Chia-Wei Lin, John A Romley, Caroline Carlin
Objectives To examine the association between having a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) and healthcare expenditures and quality of care for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 8802 CSHCN using the 2008-2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. A PCMH indicator was constructed from survey responses. Inverse probability treatment weighting was applied to balance the cohort. CSHCN's annual health care expenditures and quality were analyzed using two-part and logistic models, respectively...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Lorraine Lathen, Mary Jo Baisch, Quinton Cotton, Anne Dressel, Jeri Antilla, Oluwatoyin Olukotun, Rosetta Washington, Lyanne Jordan, Alexa Hess
Objectives Nationwide, African American women report higher stress levels and less access to pre- and postnatal resources. Wisconsin mirrors national infant mortality trends that show a persistent four-decade gap in infant survival between African American and White populations. The objective of the Milwaukee Birthing Project (MBP) was to implement a community-based health promotion intervention to improve birth outcomes for pregnant, low-income African American women, evaluate its effectiveness, and document its usefulness to inform development of future interventions...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Sarah E DeYoung, Jodine Chase, Michelle Pensa Branco, Benjamin Park
Objectives We examine the ways in which the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire evacuation affected infant feeding. Our primary objective is to understand the decisions and perceptions of primary caregivers of children age 0-36 months who evacuated from Fort McMurray, Canada. Methods We used a mixed methods approach to assess the overall impact that the evacuation had on infant feeding. Specific outcome variables for the quantitative research are: decision-making, access to support and resources, and changes in routine...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Melinda Brown, Catherine Wexler, May Maloba, Brad J Gautney, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler
Background Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are critical to achieve national and global targets of 90% antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage in PMTCT, and mother to child transmission rates less than 5%. In 2012, Kenya adopted WHO's recommended ART regimen for PMTCT "Option B+". Aims This study assesses progress made in adopting these new guidelines and associated outcomes. Methods We analysed programmatic data of 2604 mother-infant pairs enrolled in the HIV Infant Tracking System (HITSystem) at four government hospitals in Kenya between January, 2013 and December, 2016...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Karen Thorpe, Elena Jansen, Cerdiwen Cromack, Danielle Gallegos
Background Telephone helplines providing 24-h specialist-nurse contact present a source of immediate support for women encountering challenges with breastfeeding and may serve to prolong breastfeeding duration by building self-efficacy. To date there is little evidence on interaction effectiveness and still less on the relative effectiveness for women from different socio-economic backgrounds. Research Aim To establish the effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy of calls made to a nurse-led parenting helpline...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jasim Anwar, Siranda Torvaldsen, Mohamud Sheikh, Richard Taylor
Objectives An enhanced surveillance system that integrated health information systems and extended surveillance to previously uncovered areas to capture all births, perinatal and maternal deaths in a rural district of Pakistan was established in 2015, and this study uses capture-recapture methodology to assess completeness. Methods Births and deaths collected by the survey were matched with the data captured by the enhanced surveillance system. Capture-recapture methodology was used to estimate the total number of births and deaths, measure the degree of underestimation, and adjust mortality rates...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
N Holowko, M Jones, L Tooth, I Koupil, G D Mishra
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of socioeconomic position (SEP) with reproductive outcomes among Australian women. METHODS: Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health's (population-based cohort study) 1973-1978 cohort were used (N = 6899, aged 37-42 years in 2015). The association of SEP (childhood and own, multiple indicators) with age at first birth, birth-to-pregnancy (BTP) intervals and total number of children was analysed using multinomial logistic regression...
December 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Frances Penny, Michelle Judge, Elizabeth Brownell, Jacqueline M McGrath
Background The benefits of human milk for the preterm infant are well established. Preterm infants have lower breastfeeding rates and often face breastfeeding challenges. It is important that feeding practices for preterm infants optimize their chances of breastfeeding. Objective The purpose of this integrated review is to synthesize and critically analyze research related to the safety and efficacy of cup feeding as an alternative, supplemental feeding method for breastfed infants. Data Sources The electronic data bases of PubMed, CINAHL and were used to identify studies published in English from 1998- 2017...
November 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jacqueline H Grant, Katherine Handwerk, Karen Baker, VaLenia Milling, Sharonda Barlow, Catherine J Vladutiu
Introduction CenteringPregnancy® is well-regarded as an innovative group model of prenatal care. In 2009, Georgia's Southwest Public Health District partnered with local obstetricians and medical centers to expand prenatal care access and improve perinatal outcomes for low-income women by implementing Georgia's first public health administered CenteringPregnancy program. This paper describes the successful implementation of CenteringPregnancy in a public health setting with no prior prenatal services; assesses the program's first 5-year perinatal outcomes; and discusses several key lessons learned...
November 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Erika T A Leslie, Melinda B Buntin
Purpose To provide recommendations for improving rates of infant mortality in a U.S. southeastern city using a collective impact approach. Description A convening organization and its academic partner devised a systematic process involving national experts and local stakeholders. Assessment A panel of infant mortality experts reached consensus on eight recommendations and three key overarching principles. Local stakeholder groups advanced four recommendations, of which three aligned closely with expert panel recommendations: (1) increasing access to, and use of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P); (2) reshaping housing policy using a health lens, and (3) supporting pre-conception health, intra-conception health and family planning...
November 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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