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Maternal and Child Health Journal

Jennifer Katz, Hugh F Crean, Catherine Cerulli, Ellen L Poleshuck
Introduction Although poverty is an established correlate of poorer mental health for pregnant women, limited research has examined the mental health effects of material hardship (i.e., difficulties meeting basic needs such as for food, transportation, or stable housing) during pregnancy. Methods The current research examined rates of material hardship among pregnant women seeking prenatal care and the relationships of both income and material hardship with depression and anxiety during pregnancy. Pregnant women (N = 892) responded to self-report measures of mental health symptoms, annual household income, and current material hardship in the waiting areas of community-based obstetrics/gynecology practices serving primarily financially disadvantaged patients...
March 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Adrienne W Henize, Andrew F Beck, Melissa D Klein, John Morehous, Robert S Kahn
Introduction Children and families living in poverty frequently encounter social risks that significantly affect their health and well-being. Physicians' near universal access to at-risk children and their parents presents opportunities to address social risks, but time constraints frequently interfere. We sought to redesign our waiting room to create a clinic-to-community bridge and evaluate the impact of that redesign on family-centered outcomes. Methods We conducted a pre-post study of a waiting room redesign at a large, academic pediatric primary care center...
March 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Chittaranjan Andrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Eva M Luo, Henry S Opare-Ado, Joseph Adomako, Kwabena A Danso, Talya Peltzman, Frank W J Anderson
Introduction To provide a qualitative perspective on the changes that occurred after newly placed OB/GYNs began working at district hospitals in Ashanti, Ghana. Methods Structured interviews of healthcare professionals were conducted at eight district hospitals located throughout the Ashanti district of Ghana, four with and four without a full-time OB/GYN on staff. Individuals interviewed include: medical superintendents, medical officers, district hospital administrators, OB/GYNs (where applicable), and nurse-midwives...
March 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Matthew J Drago, Ursula Guillén, Maria Schiaratura, Jennifer Batza, Annette Zygmunt, Anja Mowes, David Munson, John M Lorenz, Christiana Farkouh-Karoleski, Haresh Kirpalani
Objective How Latino parents perceive and understand antenatal counseling for extreme prematurity, < 26 weeks of gestational age (GA), is not clear. We aim to characterize Latino parental perceptions of antenatal counseling in order to construct and validate a Spanish decision-aid (SDA) to improve parental knowledge of prematurity after antenatal consults. Methods This is a three-phased, prospective, multicenter study. First, interviews of 22 Latino parents with a history of birth < 26 weeks GA were conducted...
March 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Estelle D Watson, Søren Brage, Tom White, Kate Westgate, Shane A Norris, Mireille N M Van Poppel, Lisa K Micklesfield
Objectives Research indicates the beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy on maternal health, although controversy still exists regarding its influence on birth outcomes. Little research has been done to objectively measure physical activity during pregnancy in black African women from low-to-middle income countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between physical activity and maternal and birth outcomes in this unique population. Methods This observational, longitudinal study assessed total physical activity using a hip-mounted triaxial accelerometer at 14-18 weeks (second trimester, n = 120) and 29-33 weeks (third trimester, n = 90) gestation...
March 7, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Tyler G Ketterl, Nicolas J Dundas, Steven A Roncaioli, Alyson J Littman, Amanda I Phipps
Background Maternal overweight and obesity is one of the most common high-risk obstetric conditions associated with adverse birth outcomes. Smaller studies have suggested that pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with postpartum weight retention. Objective The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between pre-pregnancy BMI status and maternal weight retention. Study design We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data from 2003-2013...
March 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Allison J Kwong, Matthew S Chang, Ruth E Tuomala, Laura E Riley, Julian N Robinson, Muthoka L Mutinga, Karin L Andersson, Robert S Brown, Emily Oken, Chinweike Ukomadu, Anna E Rutherford
Objectives Hepatitis B (HBV) remains a significant public health burden, despite effective therapy. Routine HBV screening is recommended during pregnancy to reduce the risk of vertical transmission, but the rates of follow-up care peri-partum are low. The aim of this study was to evaluate physician practices and knowledge regarding HBV in women diagnosed perinatally. Methods A survey was distributed to obstetricians and midwives within the Partners HealthCare system at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital...
March 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jessica E Morse, Merry-K Moos
Introduction Unintended pregnancy has been a concerning public health problem for decades. As we begin to understand the complexities of pregnancy intention and how women experience these pregnancies, reproductive life planning offers a paradigm shift. Methods Reproductive life planning is a patient-centered approach that places a patient's reproductive preferences-whether concrete or ambivalent-at the forefront of her clinical care. Results This process grants women and men the opportunity to consider how reproduction fits within the context of their broader lives...
March 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kristine R Hearld, Jami L Anderson, Henna Budhwani
Introduction The Islamic Republic of Pakistan's maternal mortality ratio is particularly high, and the nation ranks 126 out of 149 countries on the Human Development Report-Gender Inequality Index. This is because Pakistani women have low levels of empowerment, make limited economic contributions, and underutilization of maternal health care. The aim of this study is to create a multidimensional index of women's empowerment and assess the association between this index and maternal health care utilization in Pakistan, controlling for individual characteristics and community-level traits...
March 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Chris Schilling, Mary R Hedges, Polly Atatoa Carr, Susan Morton
Introduction Maternal smoking remains a modifiable cause of adverse maternal and child health outcomes. This study investigated smoking transitions across pregnancy. Methods Data from the contemporary child cohort study Growing Up in New Zealand (n = 6822) were used to analyse smoking status across three points across a pregnancy: pre-pregnancy, during pregnancy and after pregnancy. Odds-ratios (OR) were calculated for maternal, socio-economic and pregnancy-related factors associated with each transition using multivariate logistic regression...
March 5, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jarron M Saint Onge, Natalie A Jansen, Erin Ice
Objectives Social trust and access to social capital serve as important mechanisms to offset gender disparities in health in low-middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Indonesia. Indonesian women may have fewer opportunities to create strong social ties outside her social sphere and thus may benefit particularly from individual-level thin trust because generalized trust lowers barriers to gaining social support. We examined the role of thin trust and thick trust, two unique forms of social trust, to better understand the links between individual- and community-level trust and maternal health...
March 5, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Deborah Allen, Chad Abresch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lindsay Heidelberger, Chery Smith
Objectives Pediatric obesity is complicated by many factors including psychological issues, such as body dissatisfaction. Body image assessment tools are used with children to measure their acceptance of their body shape or image. Limited research has been conducted with African American and American Indian children to understand their opinions on assessment tools created. This study investigated: (a) children's perception about body image and (b) differences between two body image instruments among low-income, multi-ethnic children...
March 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Elizabeth E Krans, Scott D Rothenberger, Penelope K Morrison, Seo Young Park, Leah C Klocke, Mary J Turocy, Susan Zickmund
Objectives To evaluate Hepatitis C virus (HCV) knowledge and awareness among pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD). Methods From May through November 2015, a one-time survey was distributed to a convenience sample of pregnant women with OUD to assess their knowledge and awareness of (a) risk factors for HCV infection, (b) HCV transmission prevention strategies, (c) hepatotoxic risk reduction and (d) perinatal transmission and neonatal implications of HCV infection. Chi square and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare demographic characteristics and HCV knowledge between participants who were HCV positive and negative...
March 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Angela K Werner, Kerrianne Watt, Cate Cameron, Sue Vink, Andrew Page, Paul Jagals
Objectives At present, coal seam gas (CSG) is the most common form of unconventional natural gas development occurring in Australia. Few studies have been conducted to explore the potential health impacts of CSG development on children and adolescents. This analysis presents age-specific hospitalisation rates for a child and adolescent cohort in three study areas in Queensland. Methods Three geographic areas were selected: a CSG area, a coal mining area, and a rural area with no mining activity. Changes in area-specific hospital admissions were investigated over the period 1995-2011 in a series of negative binomial regression analyses for 19 International Classification of Diseases (ICD) chapters, adjusting for sociodemographic factors...
March 2, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Abram L Wagner, Lu Xia, Priyamvada Pandey, Sandip Datta, Sharmila Chattopadhyay, Tanusree Mazumder, Sujay Santra, Uddip Nandi, Joyojeet Pal, Sucheta Joshi, Bhramar Mukherjee
Objectives This study measures the prevalence of risk factors among pregnant women and young children aged 12-24 months in a rural community in West Bengal, India. Methods Community health workers (CHWs) enrolled women and children into this 2015 cross-sectional study. Pregnant women were evaluated for underweight, anemia, and abnormal blood pressure. Children were evaluated for underweight, abnormal head and upper arm circumferences, and low scores from the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ). Data were collected on smartphones and tablets or by paper...
March 2, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Beatriz Barquiel, Lucrecia Herranz, Diego Meneses, Óscar Moreno, Natalia Hillman, Mª Ángeles Burgos, José Luis Bartha
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the greatest gestational weight gain (GWG) without adverse pregnancy complications in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and morbid obesity. METHODS: An observational retrospective study including 3284 patients with single pregnancies and GDM was completed. Of the patients, 131 (4.0%) were classified as having pre-pregnancy morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 ). Perinatal complications were compared among BMI groups...
March 1, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Michelle Harrison, Wendy Brodribb, Peter S W Davies, Julie Hepworth
Introduction Obesity is a global problem that is challenging to prevent and expensive to treat. Early childhood interventions show promise in establishing lifelong healthy eating patterns, however a better understanding of how parental feeding practices develop is needed. The study aimed to investigate maternal perception of infant weight and its relationship to feeding practices and infant dietary intake. Methods A questionnaire was completed by 263 Queensland mothers of infants aged between 5 and 13 months...
March 1, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Megumi J Okumura, Heather A Knauer, Kris E Calvin, John I Takayama
Background and Objectives Pediatricians face numerous challenges in providing care for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Few studies have described health care resources available to support pediatricians to care for CSHCN. This study investigated available resources to care for CSHCN and factors associated with having a greater proportion of CSHCN in practice. Methods We conducted a statewide survey of active members of the American Academy of Pediatrics in California to study pediatric subspecialty care access, community and office resources and practice barriers...
March 1, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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