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Maternal and Child Health Journal

Sarah Verbiest, Erin Bonzon, Arden Handler
Introduction The first 3 months after giving birth can be a challenging time for many women. The Postpartum Health and Wellness special issue explores this period, one that is often overlooked and under-researched. Methods This issue is designed to bring greater focus to the need for woman-centered care during the postpartum period. Articles in this issue focus on four key areas: (1) the postpartum visit and access to care, (2) the content of postpartum care and postpartum health concerns, (3) interconception care including contraception, and (4) policy, systems, and measurement...
October 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Linda S Beeber, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Maria Martinez, Yui Matsuda, Anne C Wheeler, Marcia Mandel, Dore LaForett, Julee Waldrop
Objective A higher rate of depressive symptoms is found among mothers of children with disabilities compared to other parents. However, there is a lack of study of mothers with children <3 years of age participating in Early Intervention (EI) programs. This study aims to more fully describe the extent of mood disorders in these mothers including estimated prevalence, severity and factors associated with maternal mental health, using gold standard clinical diagnostic and symptom measures, and test models associating depressive symptoms with contextual factors and child behavior...
October 12, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Arden Handler, Kay Johnson
Objectives The broad maternal and child health community has witnessed increased attention to the entire continuum of reproductive and perinatal health concerns over the past few years. However, both recent discouraging trends in prenatal care access and utilization and a renewed understanding of prenatal care as a critical anchor of the reproductive/perinatal health continuum for women who do get pregnant demand a new effort to focus on the prenatal period as a gateway for maternal and infant health. Methods This commentary: describes the Medicaid expansions and the momentum for universal access to prenatal care of the 1980-1990s; examines the pivot away from this goal and its aftermath; provides a rationale for why renewed attention to prenatal care and the prenatal period is essential; and, explores the potential focus of an updated prenatal care agenda...
September 23, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Asia L Harris, Katie A Siek
Objectives To assess low-income mothers' perceptions of their postpartum information needs; describe their information seeking behavior; explore their use of mobile technology to address those needs; and to contribute to the sparse literature on postpartum health and wellness. Methods Exploratory community-based qualitative approach. Interviewees were recruited among clients of community partners and had children aged 48 months and under. A survey assessing demographics was used to identify low-income mothers...
September 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Emily R Smith, Michael Hudgens, Anna D Sheahan, William C Miller, Stephanie Wheeler, Julie A E Nelson, Queen Dube, Annelies Van Rie
Introduction Rapid HIV serological tests are a cost-effective, point-of-care test among HIV exposed infants but cannot distinguish between maternal and infant antibodies. The lack of data on the timing of decay of maternal antibodies in young infants hinders the potential use of rapid tests in exposed infants. We aimed to determine the time to seroreversion for two commonly used rapid tests in a prospective cohort of HIV-exposed breastfeeding infants ages 3-18 months of life. Methods We collected data on the performance of two commonly used rapid tests (Determine and Unigold) in Malawi between 2008 and 2012 or at the University of North Carolina between 2014 and 2015...
September 8, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ruth Baron, Saskia J Te Velde, Martijn W Heymans, Trudy Klomp, Eileen K Hutton, Johannes Brug
Objectives Preterm birth is the leading pregnancy outcome associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality and remains difficult to prevent. There is evidence that some modifiable maternal health characteristics may influence the risk of preterm birth. Our aim was to investigate the relationships of self-reported maternal health behaviour and psychological characteristics in nulliparous women with spontaneous preterm birth in prenatal primary care. Methods The data of our prospective study was obtained from the nationwide DELIVER multicentre cohort study (September 2009-March 2011), which was designed to examine perinatal primary care in the Netherlands...
August 31, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Andria Cornell, Carolyn McCoy, Caroline Stampfel, Erin Bonzon, Sarah Verbiest
Over the past 5 years there have been a number of new initiatives focused on improving birth outcomes and reducing infant mortality, including a renewed focus on the complex interactions between motherhood and infancy that influence lifelong health trajectories. Beginning in 2012, the Association of Maternal & Child Health Programs (AMCHP) facilitated a series of meetings to enhance coordination across initiatives. Emerging from these conversations was a shared desire across stakeholders to reimagine the postpartum visit and improve postpartum care and wellness...
August 31, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Catherine M Waters, Dawn E Dailey, Audrey Lyndon
Background While breast milk is considered the gold standard of infant feeding, a majority of African American mothers are not exclusively breastfeeding their newborn infants. Objective The overall goal of this critical ethnographic research study was to describe infant feeding perceptions and experiences of African American mothers and their support persons. Methods Twenty-two participants (14 pregnant women and eight support persons) were recruited from public health programs and community based organizations in northern California...
August 27, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Flojaune Griffin Cofer, Moshe Fridman, Elizabeth Lawton, Lisa M Korst, Lisa Nicholas, Kimberly D Gregory
Objectives The goals of interconception care are to optimize women's health and encourage adequate spacing between pregnancies. Our study calculated trends in interpregnancy interval (IPI) patterns and measured the association of differing intervals with birth outcomes in California. Methods Women with "non-first birth" deliveries in California hospitals from 2007 to 2009 were identified in a linked birth certificate and patient discharge dataset and divided into three IPI birth categories: <6, 6-17, and 18-50 months...
August 27, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Joseph E Potter, Celia Hubert, Kari White
Objectives In the 1980s, policy makers in Mexico led a national family planning initiative focused, in part, on postpartum IUD use. The transformative impact of this initiative is not well known, and is relevant to current efforts in the United States (US) to increase women's use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). Methods Using six nationally representative surveys, we illustrate the dramatic expansion of postpartum LARC in Mexico and compare recent estimates of LARC use immediately following delivery through 18 months postpartum to estimates from the US...
August 26, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Anne L Dunlop, Kristi Logue, Castalia Thorne
Objectives To investigate whether maternal health risk assessment and behavioral intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) improves women's health care seeking and health behaviors following the birth of a very low birth weight (VLBW) infant. Methods Using a quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pretest/posttest design, 80 women who had given birth to a VLBW infant that was admitted to the NICU were enrolled into one of two cohorts: 40 into a 'Minimal Intervention' cohort, who received a single session risk assessment and health education pamphlets, and 40 into an 'Enhanced Intervention' cohort, who received five counseling sessions targeting identified risks...
August 25, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Annemieke Wilcox, Erika E Levi, Joanne M Garrett
Objectives This study aimed to measure the incidence and identify predictors of postpartum visit non-attendance, using medical records of women who received prenatal care and went on to deliver live births at Montefiore Hospital in 2013. Methods Pearson's Chi square tests were used to assess the association between maternal demographics, insurance status, and delivery information with non-attendance of a postpartum visit. Logistic regression and modified Poisson regression models were then used to identify statistically significant predictors of postpartum visit non-attendance...
August 25, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Candace A Robledo, Edwina H Yeung, Pauline Mendola, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Nansi S Boghossian, Erin M Bell, Charlotte Druschel
Objectives We sought to examine whether there are systematic differences in ascertainment of preexisting maternal medical conditions and pregnancy complications from three common data sources used in epidemiologic research. Methods Diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertensive disorders (GHD), placental abruption and premature rupture of membranes (PROM) among 4821 pregnancies were identified via birth certificates, maternal self-report at approximately 4 months postpartum and by discharge codes from the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS), a mandatory New York State hospital reporting system...
August 22, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Natalie K Hyde, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Kathy Bennett, David J Moloney, Julie A Pasco
Objectives Maternal nutrition during pregnancy plays an important role in predisposing offspring to the development of chronic disease in adulthood, including osteoporosis. Our aim was to investigate maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy, with a focus on nutrients important for skeletal development in the offspring. Methods In this case-control study, cases were pregnant women recruited for the Vitamin D in Pregnancy Study (n = 350, age 20-40 years) and controls were non-pregnant peers participating in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study (n = 305, age 20-40 years)...
August 20, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Heather L Sipsma, Tamora Callands, Alethea Desrosiers, Urania Magriples, Krista Jones, Tashuna Albritton, Trace Kershaw
Objectives Young parents may be particularly vulnerable to poor mental health during the postpartum period. Little research exists, however, to adequately describe trajectories of depressive symptoms during their transition to parenthood, particularly among young fathers. Therefore, we aim to explore trajectories of depressive symptoms from pregnancy through 1 year postpartum among young expectant mothers and their partners. Methods Data are derived from a longitudinal cohort of pregnant adolescent females (ages 14-21; n = 220) and their male partners (n = 190)...
August 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Richard Windsor, Jeannie Clark, Amanda Davis, John Wedeles, Lorien Abroms
Objectives Process evaluation data are essential to document the fidelity of program implementation by clinical staff and confirm patient behavior change. This report presents a process evaluation model applied to the Smoking Cessation and Reduction in Pregnancy Treatment Dissemination Initiative for the statewide, home-based West Virginia Right From The Start Project. Methods Trained RFTS Designated Care Coordinators, nurses and social workers, of 50+ primary care agencies in all 55 counties, delivered SCRIPT to Medicaid patients who smoked...
August 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kathryn Wouk, Ellen Chetwynd, Thomas Vitaglione, Catherine Sullivan
Objective While the Affordable Care Act improves access to lactation services for many women across the US, low-income mothers in states without Medicaid expansion lack coverage for lactation support. As these states consider individual Medicaid reimbursement policies, the availability, effectiveness, and cost-benefit of lactation services must be evaluated. We conducted such an analysis for low-income mothers in North Carolina (NC), providing a model for other states. Methods First, we analyzed the distribution of NC International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) and county-level breastfeeding rates among low-income infants...
August 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Elizabeth McFarlane, Lori Burrell, Anne Duggan, Darius Tandon
Objectives To assess the effectiveness of a 6-week, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) group-based enhancement to home visiting to address stress and prevent depression as compared with home visiting as usual in low income mothers of young children. Methods We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 95 low-income mothers of young children to assess the effectiveness of a 6-week, cognitive behavioral group-based enhancement to Healthy Families America and Parents as Teachers home visiting (HV/CBT = 49) to address stress and prevent depression as compared with home visiting as usual (HV = 46)...
August 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lisa Kleppel, Patricia D Suplee, Alison M Stuebe, Debra Bingham
Purpose To showcase several current national initiatives that focus on reducing maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity and promote postpartum health and wellness for all women. Description Maternal injuries and deaths are a serious public health concern with tremendous impact on families, communities, and healthcare providers. Over the past two decades, it has become apparent that the timing of serious maternal complications has shifted, with more than half of deaths occurring in the immediate postpartum period up to 1 year following birth...
August 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kathryn R Fingar, Sibylle H Lob, Melanie S Dove, Pat Gradziel, Michael P Curtis
Objectives Women with longer, healthier pregnancies have more time to enroll in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), biasing associations between WIC and birth outcomes. We examined the association between WIC and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and perinatal death (PND) using a fetuses-at-risk approach to address this bias, termed gestational age bias. Methods We linked California Medi-Cal recipients with a singleton live birth or fetal death from the 2010 Birth Cohort to WIC participant data (n = 236,564)...
August 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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