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Maternal and Child Health Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143169/predictors-and-patterns-of-psychiatric-treatment-dropout-during-pregnancy-among-low-income-women
#1
Sara L Kornfield, Christina D Kang-Yi, David S Mandell, C Neill Epperson
Objective This study compared psychiatric treatment discontinuation rates among pregnant women using psychotropic medications, outpatient psychotherapy, or both before conception. Methods Using data from Pennsylvania Medicaid Fee-For-Service and Managed Care Organization claims and Medicaid enrollment, 3030 women were identified who gave birth between 2007 and 2009, had ≥ 1 claim for psychiatric treatment during the 120 days prior to pregnancy, and were enrolled in Medicaid until they delivered. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate psychiatric treatment dropout rate during pregnancy and examine relationships between treatment dropout and age, race/ethnicity, and pre-pregnancy psychiatric diagnosis and treatment pattern...
November 15, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139056/ensuring-implementation-fidelity-of-a-10-week-home-visiting-program-in-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
Monica L Oxford, Susan J Spieker, Mary Jane Lohr, Charles B Fleming, Colleen Dillon, Jennifer Rees
Introduction Implementation fidelity is a challenge for the adoption of evidence-based programs within social service broadly and child welfare specifically. However, implementation fidelity is critical for maintaining the integrity of clinical trials and for ensuring successful delivery of services in public health settings. Methods Promoting First Relationships (®) (PFR), a 10-week home visiting parenting intervention, was evaluated in two randomized clinical trials with populations of families in child welfare...
November 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128989/infant-mortality-lessons-learned-from-a-fetal-and-infant-mortality-review-program
#3
Haywood L Brown, Mark Smith, Yvonne Beasley, Teri Conard, Anne Lise Musselman, Virginia A Caine
Objective To review fetal and infant deaths from women enrolled in Indianapolis Healthy Start using the National Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) methods to provide strategies for prevention. METHODS: Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) FIMR staff identified and reviewed 22 fetal and infant deaths to Indianapolis Healthy Start program participants between 2005 and 2012. Trained FIMR nurses completed 13 of 20 maternal interviews and compiled case summaries of all deaths from the MCPHD FIMR database...
November 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128988/employing-community-voices-informing-practice-and-programming-through-camden-healthy-start-focus-groups
#4
Dianne R Browne, Sherolde Hackett, Allison Burger
Objectives Women living in communities with low-socioeconomic status, substandard healthcare, and ongoing exposure to social disparities encounter barriers to healthcare, often making it difficult to access health services. Barriers may stem from provider interactions with clients, conditions of the healthcare facility, or even language barriers. This prompts a call for providers to be keenly aware of the obstacles women encounter when attempting to access services. Methods In an effort to facilitate better access to services, Camden Healthy Start conducted six focus groups...
November 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127622/the-joint-effects-of-antenatal-steroids-and-gestational-age-on-improved-outcomes-in-neonates
#5
Neal D Goldstein, Kaitlin M Kenaley, Robert Locke, David A Paul
OBJECTIVES: Antenatal corticosteroids are standard of care for women at risk of a preterm birth and demonstrated to be protective against poor outcomes in neonates including respiratory disorders, mortality and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Its benefits may vary by gestational age, and accurate estimation is needed in a single-center population to account for practice variation. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of infants admitted to the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit, 1997-2015...
November 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127621/how-well-is-the-medical-home-working-for-latino-and-black-children
#6
Alma D Guerrero, Xinkai Zhou, Paul J Chung
Objective To examine the benefits of having a medical home among Latino and Black school-aged children, both with and without special health care needs (CSHCN). Methods Data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) were analyzed to examine the associations of preventive dental and medical care, unmet dental or medical care, or missed school days with having a medical home among Latino and Black children compared to White children. Multivariate logistic regression with survey weights was used to adjust for child, parent, home, and geographic characteristics and an interaction term to estimate differences in outcomes among Black or Latino children receiving care in a medical home compared to White children with a medical home...
November 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124627/laboring-until-labor-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-antenatal-maternity-leave-in-the-united-states
#7
Julia M Goodman
Introduction Most women in the U.S. are employed during pregnancy and work until the month of childbirth. For many, working throughout pregnancy poses little threat to their health; however, women experiencing difficult pregnancies and/or working in strenuous or inflexible jobs may benefit from taking time from work as they approach childbirth, but almost no empirical evidence examines antenatal leave (ANL). Methods Using a national survey of English-speaking women, this paper offers the first national description of ANL and examines state policy predictors of uptake...
November 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124626/examining-delivery-method-and-infant-feeding-intentions-between-women-in-traditional-and-non-traditional-prenatal-care
#8
Deb Risisky, Ronna L Chan, Victoria A Zigmont, Syed Masood Asghar, Nancy DeGennaro
Introduction The purpose of the study is to evaluate delivery method and breastfeeding initiation in women enrolled in group prenatal care (CenteringPregnancy) and in traditional prenatal care. Methods Data were obtained from medical records of a hospital-based midwifery practice in south central Connecticut that offered both types of prenatal care programs. Medical information from 307 women enrolled in this practice was included in the analysis. Out of the 307, 80 were enrolled in group prenatal care. Socio-demographic, lifestyle, and previous and current obstetrical information from medical records formed the basis of comparison...
November 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124625/maternal-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-in-a-nomadic-tibetan-population
#9
Corrina Moucheraud, Lhusham Gyal, Kunchok Gyaltsen, Lumo Tsering, Subasri Narasimhan, Jessica Gipson
Introduction Despite significant global improvements in maternal health, large disparities persist. In China, rural women and women who live in western regions experience lower rates of maternal healthcare utilization and higher rates of maternal mortality than women elsewhere in the country. This paper examines maternal health care-seeking among nomadic Tibetan women in rural western China, a particularly understudied group. Methods Secondary data analysis was conducted with survey data collected in 2014 in Qinghai Province, China...
November 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124624/maternal-hypertension-antihypertensive-medication-use-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-in-the-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-1997-2011
#10
Sarah C Fisher, Alissa R Van Zutphen, Paul A Romitti, Marilyn L Browne
Background Small for gestational age (SGA) birth is associated with poor long-term health outcomes. It is unclear whether maternal antihypertensive medication increases risk of SGA independently of maternal hypertension. Methods We analyzed associations between maternal hypertension and antihypertensive medication use and SGA among non-malformed singleton controls in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. We defined SGA as birthweight < 10th percentile for a given gestational age, sex, race/ethnicity, and parity...
November 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119478/after-the-demonstration-what-states-sustained-after-the-end-of-federal-grants-to-improve-children-s-health-care-quality
#11
Henry T Ireys, Cindy Brach, Grace Anglin, Kelly J Devers, Rachel Burton
Introduction Under the CHIPRA Quality Demonstration Grant Program, CMS awarded $100 million through 10 grants that 18 state Medicaid agencies implemented between 2010 and 2015. The program's legislatively-mandated purpose was to evaluate promising ideas for improving the quality of children's health care provided through Medicaid and CHIP. As part of the program's multifaceted evaluation, this study examined the extent to which states sustained key program activities after the demonstration ended. Methods We identified 115 potentially sustainable elements within states' CHIPRA demonstrations and analyzed data from grantee reports and key informant interviews to assess sustainment outcomes and key influential factors...
November 8, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119477/pregnancy-related-deaths-florida-1999-2012-opportunities-to-improve-maternal-outcomes
#12
Leticia E Hernandez, William M Sappenfield, Karen Harris, Deborah Burch, Washington C Hill, Cheryl L Clark, Isaac Delke
Objectives To examine pregnancy-related deaths (PRDs) in Florida, to identify quality improvement (QI) opportunities, and to recommend strategies aimed at reducing maternal mortality. Methods The Florida Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review (PAMR) Committee reviewed PRDs occurring between 1999 and 2012. The PAMR Committee determined causes of PRDs, identified contributing factors, and generated recommendations for prevention and quality improvement. Information from the PAMR data registry, and live births from Florida vital statistic data were used to calculate pregnancy-related mortality ratios (PRMR) and PRD univariate risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
November 8, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119476/lessons-learned-implementation-of-pilot-universal-postpartum-nurse-home-visiting-program-massachusetts-2013-2016
#13
Katie Stetler, Christine Silva, Susan E Manning, Elizabeth M Harvey, Emma Posner, Becca Walmer, Karin Downs, Milton Kotelchuck
Purpose Home visiting programs for new families in the United States have traditionally served high-risk families. In contrast, universal home visiting models serve all families regardless of income, age, risk or other criteria. They offer an entry point into a system of care for children and families, with the potential to improve population health. This paper describes lessons learned from the first three years of implementing a universal home visiting model. Description Welcome Family is a universal home visiting program in Massachusetts that offers a one-time visit by a nurse to new mothers up to eight weeks postpartum...
November 8, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101525/pertussis-vaccination-among-childcare-center-staff-administrators-and-parents-uptake-policies-and-beliefs
#14
Terri Rebmann, Travis M Loux, Daphne Lew, Mary Wakefield
Introduction Little is known about childcare staff's and parents' uptake of and attitudes towards pertussis vaccine. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to St. Louis parents and childcare staff in fall, 2014. Parents versus staff and vaccinated versus unvaccinated individuals' beliefs regarding pertussis vaccine were compared using chi square tests. Multivariate logistic regressions were run to develop predictive models for staff's and parents' vaccine uptake. Results Overall, 351 parents and staff from 23 agencies participated (response rate = 32%)...
November 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101524/developing-collaborative-maternal-and-child-health-leaders-a-descriptive-study-of-the-national-maternal-and-child-health-workforce-development-center
#15
Alina Nadira Clarke, Dorothy Cilenti
Purpose An assessment of the National Maternal and Child Health Workforce Development Center (the Center) was conducted to describe (1) effects of the Center's training on the use of collaborative leadership practices by MCH leaders, and (2) perceived barriers to collaboration for MCH leaders. The Center provides services to strengthen MCH professionals' skills in three core areas: Change Management/Adaptive Leadership, Evidence-Based Decision Making, and Systems Integration. Description This descriptive qualitative study compares eight interview responses from a sample of the Center's participants and findings from a document review of the training curriculum against an existing framework of collaborative leadership themes...
November 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098488/paid-maternity-leave-in-the-united-states-associations-with-maternal-and-infant-health
#16
Judy Jou, Katy B Kozhimannil, Jean M Abraham, Lynn A Blewett, Patricia M McGovern
Objectives The United States is one of only three countries worldwide with no national policy guaranteeing paid leave to employed women who give birth. While maternity leave has been linked to improved maternal and child outcomes in international contexts, up-to-date research evidence in the U.S. context is needed to inform current policy debates on paid family leave. Methods Using data from Listening to Mothers III, a national survey of women ages 18-45 who gave birth in 2011-2012, we conducted multivariate logistic regression to predict the likelihood of outcomes related to infant health, maternal physical and mental health, and maternal health behaviors by the use and duration of paid maternity leave...
November 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094228/the-influence-of-home-and-school-environments-on-children-s-diet-and-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#17
Joyce Haddad, Shahid Ullah, Lucinda Bell, Evie Leslie, Anthea Magarey
Introduction The home and school environments play important roles in influencing children's health behaviours. However, their simultaneous influence on childhood obesity has not yet been examined. We explore the relationship of the home and school environments with childhood obesity, to determine whether this relationship is mediated by children's fruit and vegetable intake and physical behaviours. Methods This study uses baseline data from 9 to 11 year old children, their parents and school principals (matched data n = 2466) from the Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle Project...
November 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080126/perinatal-periods-of-risk-analysis-disentangling-race-and-socioeconomic-status-to-inform-a-black-infant-mortality-community-action-initiative
#18
Catherine L Kothari, Camryn Romph, Terra Bautista, Debra Lenz
Objectives The goal of this study is to use Perinatal Periods of Risk (PPOR) analysis to differentiate broad areas of risk (Maternal-Health/Prematurity, Maternal Care, Newborn Care, and Infant Health) associated with being Black from those associated with being poor. Methods Phase I PPOR compared two target populations (Black women/infants and poor women/infants) against a gold standard reference group (White, non-Hispanic women, aged 20+ years with 13+ years of education), then against each other. Phase II PPOR further partitioned excess risk into (1) Very-low-birthweight-risk and (2) Birthweight-specific-mortality-risk and identified individual-level risk factors...
October 27, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019000/does-caesarean-section-affect-breastfeeding-practices-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jian Zhao, Yun Zhao, Mengran Du, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee
Objectives To ascertain the association between caesarean delivery and breastfeeding practices in China. Methods We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. Electronic databases of CNKI, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest and Science Direct were searched and screened to identify relevant articles from January 1990 to June 2015. Both fixed and random effect meta-analysis techniques were used to estimate the pooled effect size between caesarean delivery and breastfeeding outcomes at different time points...
October 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983715/father-s-role-in-preconception-health
#20
Milton Kotelchuck, Michael Lu
As part of the federal multi-agency conference on Paternal Involvement in Pregnancy Outcomes, the existing Fatherhood paradigm was expanded to include a new focus on Men's Preconception Health. This concept grew out of the women's preconception health movement and the maternal and child health (MCH) life course perspective, as well as pioneering research from the child development, public health data and family planning fields. It encourages a new examination of how men's preconception health impacts both reproductive outcomes and men's own subsequent health and development...
October 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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